Dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease among Jordanians: A case-control study. Statistical and methodological issue

We read with great interest the case-control study by Tayyem et  al. [1], in which 400 patients with clinical suspicion of coronary artery disease were investigated for investigating the possible association between dietary patterns and CHD. The authors concluded that the healthy dietary pattern and the high-fiber pattern were associated with a decrease in the odds of CHD among Jordanians. Although the results are quite interesting, there are some issues threatening the validity of estimated ORs.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Abnormally high ABI appears to be associated with an increased risk of a composite of CVD/all-cause mortality in suspected or established CVD patients but not in the general population. However, additional well-designed studies are required to support the current findings. PMID: 31814377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
This study aims to explore the relation between endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods SNPstats (online software: http://bioinfo.iconcologia.net/SNPstats) was performed to test Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium in controls. Generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) was adopted to screen the preferable interaction between eNOS SNPs and smoking. Results The frequency for the rs1799983-T allele was 31.1% in CHD patients, which was significantly higher than that of 19.8% in controls (P
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Risk Factors Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Qi Wei, Yuzhen Tu, Lin Zuo, Jia Zhao, Zhongbao Chang, Yan Zou, Jizhe QiuAbstractAimsAtherosclerosis is a risk factor for coronary heart disease and cerebral infarction. Recent reports show decreased miR-345-3p in apolipoprotein-E deficient mice. Our study aimed to determine the biological activities of miR-345-3p in endothelial cells exposed to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL).Main methodsHuman umbilical vein endothelial cells were transfected with miR-345-3p mimic and then exposed to oxLDL. Expression of miR-345-3p was assayed using ...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the effects of telemonitored exercise rehabilitation on patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in China. Ninety-six patients with stable CHD were included and analyzed (48 in telemonitored group and 48 in control group). All patients received routine follow-up, and patients in telemonitored group participated in smartphone-based telemonitored cardiac rehabilitation. Patients ’ demographic information, medical history, diagnosis and treatment of CHD, and laboratory results were collected. The difference of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), blood test, and ech...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Junichi Ishigami, Yingying Sang, Morgan E. Grams, Josef Coresh, Alex Chang, Kunihiro MatsushitaRationale &ObjectiveInfluenza vaccination is recommended for all adults but particularly for older adults and those with high-risk conditions. Reduced kidney function is an important high-risk condition, but the effectiveness of influenza vaccination across kidney function is uncharacterized. We assessed the effectiveness of influenza vaccination among older adults with and without reduced kidney function.Study DesignObserv...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Authors: Gupta R, Sharma KK, Soni S, Gupta N, Khedar RS Abstract Background: Hypertension is highly prevalent in India but frequency of resistant hypertension has not been well studied. Methods: We performed a registry-based study at a single center in patients with primary diagnosis of hypertension (n=3073). Details of co-morbidities, medications and blood pressure (BP) control were obtained. Patients with coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and chronic kidney disease were excluded. Resistant hypertension was defined as uncontrolled hypertension (BP ≥140/90) with use of 3 drugs of which one was ...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
PET scans showed that patients with coronary heart disease who included transcendental...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Zen and the art of breast biopsy
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusion. Nut consumption appears to exert a protective effect on cardiometabolic disease, possibly through improved concentrations of fasting glucose, total cholesterol, and LDL-C.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
(Maharishi University of Management) Study finds coronary heart disease (CHD) patients who include Transcendental Meditation (TM) with cardiac rehabilitation (CR) increased blood flow to the heart by 20.7%. This was the first study to show TM significantly enhanced lifestyle modification in patients, and the first to use positron emission tomography (PET) to measure their effect on cardiac function and rehabilitation. The NIH-funded study was conducted at Columbia University Medical Center in collaboration with Maharishi University of Management Research Institute.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe concept of HL yields a promising potential to understand the process from obtaining information to actual health behavior change, and the results clearly indicate the need for more systematic research on HL in CHD patients and persons at risk.
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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