Cochrane Library Special Collection: Yoga for improving health and well-being

Listen to L Susan Wieland of the  Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field talk toDr. Mark Porter on Inside Health about Cochrane evidence on Yoga (start at 23 minutes). Yoga originated thousands of years ago in India as an integrated physical, mental, and spiritual practice based on ancient Vedic philosophy, and is connected to Ayurveda, the system of traditional Indian medicine. During the 20th century, yoga became increasingly recognised outside India, and over the past decades it has continued to grow in popularity worldwide as system for promoting health and well-being. While modern yoga often focuses on physical poses and is sometimes thought of as a type of exercise, the practice usually incorporates one or more of the mental or spiritual elements that are traditionally part of yoga, such as relaxation, concentration, or meditation. For this reason, yoga is considered a mind-body exercise.There are currently many different types or schools of yoga, each with a different emphasis on and approach to practice. It is widely thought that some of these yoga practices may help treat or prevent physical or mental illnesses, and improve the overall quality of life. There is therefore a need for information on the potential health benefits and harms of yoga.The  Cochrane Library Special Collection of systematic reviews on yoga, published in November 2017, focuses on reviews evaluating the effectiveness of yoga for improving physical or mental symptoms and quality of ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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Authors: Li J, Zhang L, Xie Q, Wang W, Hua Y, Sun Z Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacies of 125I seed implantation and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in treatment of recurrent lung metastases from colorectal cancer, to compare the tolerance of lung tissue to both forms of radiotherapy, and to analyze the factors that affect the prognosis. Material and methods: According to treatment received, thirty colorectal cancer patients with post-operative lung metastases were separated into two groups: 125I seed implantation group (group A; n = 16) and SBRT group (group B; n = 14). Patients were follo...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
This study analyzes clinical consequences and dosimetric variations after imperfect brachytherapy insertions. It examines treatment decisions after such insertions in patients having difficult anatomy, which leads to good subsequent insertions with acceptable dose volume parameters. Material and methods: We reviewed images of all insertions performed during last one year and sorted faulty ones out. Clinical outcome was assessed, analyzing original treatment records. Repeat three-dimensional planning using identical dose-optimization-technique compared their dosimetry. Statistical analysis using SPSS®-Statistics-sof...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Conclusions: In our analysis, there were no differences in terms of OS and late toxicity outcomes for patients receiving LDR or HDR VBT. HDR VBT is a safe technique in comparison to LDR VBT. PMID: 30237815 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Authors: Zimmermann JS, Osieka R, Bruns T, Hollberg H, Wiechmann B, Netzbandt O, Sablotny J, Malade M, Heitz M, Bernhardt F, Tiemann J, Wilkens M, Brüske T, Welker U, Heinemann V, Zimmermann P, de la Maza SF, Pfeiffer D, Tauber PR, Thomas D, Moustakis C Abstract Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy in patients with localized prostate cancer and to compare the outcome with predictions from Kattan and Partin nomograms at 60 months after seed implantation. Material and methods: One thousand, one hundred and eighty-seven patients with localized prostate cancer at low-, inte...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate and compare plan reproducibility of intraoperatively built custom linked seeds and loose seeds for prostate brachytherapy. Material and methods: Between December 2010 and March 2014, 76 localized prostate cancer patients received Iodine-125 brachytherapy with external beam radiotherapy. Linked and loose seeds were implanted in 39 and 37 patients, respectively. The primary endpoint was the mean (± standard deviation) of the absolute change in the minimum dose received by 90% of the prostate volume between intraoperative and post-operative planning (ΔD90) to confirm plan reproduc...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Authors: Grisotto S, Cerrotta A, Pappalardi B, Carrara M, Messina A, Tenconi C, Valdagni R, Fallai C Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the prostate contours drawn by two radiation oncologists and one radiologist on magnetic resonance (MR) and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images. TRUS intra- and inter-fraction variability as well as TRUS vs. MR inter-modality and inter-operator variability were studied. Material and methods: Thirty patients affected by localized prostate cancer and treated with interstitial high-dose-rate (HDR) prostate brachytherapy at the National Cancer Institute in ...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 January 2019Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1176Author(s): Anna K. PrzybyƂ, Ewa Maj, Joanna Wietrzyk, Maciej KubickiAbstract(−)-Cytisine and its derivatives, characterized by high affinity to neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), have been shown to be important probes in the research of central nervous system disorders. In this work new halogenated N-benzylcytisine derivatives were obtained, and structurally characterized by NMR spectra and X-ray diffraction. Electron impact mass spectral (EIMS) fragmentations have been investigated and detailed fragmentation pathwa...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): Israel González-Méndez, José D. Solano, Pasquale Porcu, Andrea Ruiu, Yareli Rojas-Aguirre, Ernesto RiveraAbstractDoxorubicin(Dox) is a potent anti-cancer drug used in the treatment of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), however, it causes dose-dependent cardiotoxicity once the treatment is concluded. One of the new strategies to overcome this problem is the design of pH sensitive prodrugs, which can improve its selectivity and reduce the toxic effects of the free drug. For that reason, the synthesis o...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Physical and nutritional prehabilitation in older patients with CRC has not shown a significant reduction in postoperative complications or length of stay. One study that examined the effect of a perioperative nutritional supplement reported a reduction in postoperative complications. Future research should explore targeted combined interventions, taking into account physical and nutritional patient requirements.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: Functional level on admission is the best predictive factor for a better rehabilitation outcome for patients with TJA. Age negatively affects functional gain in patients with THA.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research
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