Cochrane Library Special Collection: Yoga for improving health and well-being

Listen to L Susan Wieland of the  Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field talk toDr. Mark Porter on Inside Health about Cochrane evidence on Yoga (start at 23 minutes). Yoga originated thousands of years ago in India as an integrated physical, mental, and spiritual practice based on ancient Vedic philosophy, and is connected to Ayurveda, the system of traditional Indian medicine. During the 20th century, yoga became increasingly recognised outside India, and over the past decades it has continued to grow in popularity worldwide as system for promoting health and well-being. While modern yoga often focuses on physical poses and is sometimes thought of as a type of exercise, the practice usually incorporates one or more of the mental or spiritual elements that are traditionally part of yoga, such as relaxation, concentration, or meditation. For this reason, yoga is considered a mind-body exercise.There are currently many different types or schools of yoga, each with a different emphasis on and approach to practice. It is widely thought that some of these yoga practices may help treat or prevent physical or mental illnesses, and improve the overall quality of life. There is therefore a need for information on the potential health benefits and harms of yoga.The  Cochrane Library Special Collection of systematic reviews on yoga, published in November 2017, focuses on reviews evaluating the effectiveness of yoga for improving physical or mental symptoms and quality of ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Afsaneh Mohajer, Abbas Norouzian Baghani, Parisa Sadighara, Kiandokht Ghanati, Shahrokh NazmaraAbstractIn this current study, the contents of heavy metals including Pb, As, Cr, Cd, Zn, Cu, and Mn in imported rice bran oil in Iran were investigated with microwave digestion method based on an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry system (ICP-OES). The concentrations range of Pb, Cr, Cd, As, Zn, and Cu in rice bran oil samples were measured as 0.066 - 0.30, 0.008 - 0.014, 0.005 - 0.01, 0.047- 0.01, ...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Wietersheim JV, Knoblauch JD, Rottler E, Weiß H, Hartmann A, Rochlitz P, Völker A, Scheidt CE, Beutel ME, Eckhardt-Henn A, Zeeck A Abstract Several therapeutic treatments like individual psychotherapy, group therapy, creative therapies and talks with the nursing staff are components in an inpatient psychosomatic (psychotherapeutic) treatment or a psychosomatic day hospital treatment. In Germany, these therapies have to be documented by the administration with so called OPS-Codes. These codes are reported to the Institute for Reimbursement in Hospitals (InEK). With the data of the INDDEP-study it...
Source: PPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol Source Type: research
Authors: Priegnitz J, Langheim E, Rademacher W, Schmitz C, Köllner V Abstract An integrative patient-centered care concept is increasingly demanded for treatment of cardiac patients with concomitant mental disorders. The present study aims to investigate the effect of an integrated concept of psycho-cardiac care (PK) versus a monodisciplinary cardiac (K) or psychosomatic (PSO) care. Patients were examined at baseline (T0), at the time of discharge from the rehabilitation program (T1) and after 6 month (T2). General anxiety, depression (HADS), cardiac anxiety (HAF) and quality of life (SF-12) were evaluated usi...
Source: PPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol Source Type: research
Authors: Hill BG, Shiva S, Ballinger S, Zhang J, Darley-Usmar VM Abstract It is now becoming clear that human metabolism is extremely plastic and varies substantially between healthy individuals. Understanding the biochemistry that underlies this physiology will enable personalized clinical interventions related to metabolism. Mitochondrial quality control and the detailed mechanisms of mitochondrial energy generation are central to understanding susceptibility to pathologies associated with aging including cancer, cardiac and neurodegenerative diseases. A precision medicine approach is also needed to evaluate the ...
Source: Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Tags: Biol Chem Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Sarah Ali Abdelaziz Ismael, Ammar Mohammed, Hesham HefnyAbstractCancer is the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular diseases. Out of all types of cancer, brain cancer has the lowest survival rate. Brain tumors can have different types depending on their shape, texture, and location. Proper diagnosis of the tumor type enables the doctor to make the correct treatment choice and help save the patient's life. There is a high need in the Artificial Intelligence field for a Computer Assisted Diagnosis (CAD) syste...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Diagnostic accuracy of troponin T measured ≥6h after symptom onset for ruling out myocardial infarction. Scand Cardiovasc J. 2019 Dec 09;:1-9 Authors: Khoshnood A, Erlandsson M, Isma N, Yndigegn T, Mokhtari A Abstract Objectives: Guidelines recommend a single high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) ≤14 ng/L measured ≥6 h after chest pain onset combined with a GRACE score
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): Vimal Kishore, Lalit Kumar, Manindra Bhushan, Girigesh YadavAbstractTo fabricate a cost effective low density heterogeneous phantom with the combination of racemosa wood and Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) for dose verification in the high energy photon beam. The use of solid tissue equivalent material for dose verification is a well accepted and common practice for dosimetric studies. The measured Hounsfield units (HU), relative electron density, mass density were −776.6 ± 72.4, 0.223 ± 0.072, ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Neutrophils, as "Trojan horses", participate in the delivery of therapeutical PLGA nanoparticles into a tumor based on the chemotactic effect. Drug Deliv. 2020 Dec;27(1):1-14 Authors: Hao J, Chen J, Wang M, Zhao J, Wang J, Wang X, Li Y, Tang H Abstract Inspired by the fact that leukocytes have innate phagocytic functions and oriented migration capabilities in response to chemoattractants, we have unveiled that endogenous neutrophils as "Trojan horses", participate in the delivery of nanoparticles in an "in vivo self-armed assembly" manner. Neutrophils were the main populat...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
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