Quantitative and histological assessment of maternal-fetal transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in guinea pigs: An experimental model of congenital Chagas disease

ConclusionsT.cruzi TcI has a high capacity of congenital transmission even when it was inoculated at a very low dose before or during gestation. Tissue lesions, parasite load, and fetal under development provide evidence for high virulence of the parasite during pregnancy. Despite finding of high parasite burden by qPCR, placentas were protected from cellular damage. Our studies offer an experimental model to study the efficacy of vaccines and drugs against congenital transmission ofT.cruzi. These results also call forT.cruzi screening in pregnant women and adequate follow up of the newborns in endemic areas.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Source: Global Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Thomas C Williams, Sonnie Kim, David J Spiro, Harry Campbell
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsTB can have varied presentation and therefore it is essential to keep tubercular infection in differential diagnosis while working up for any infective pathology. Conservative treatment produces good results in vast majority of cases. Surgery is reserved for select indications.
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Pregnancy HypertensionAuthor(s): Fitriana Murriya Ekawati, Ova Emilia, Shaun Brennecke, Jane Gunn, Sharon Licqurish, Phyllis LauAbstractGlobally, almost maternal mortality caused by HDP occurs in low to middle-income countries (LMIC); yet, limited guidance is available to local primary care practitioners who are usually the main health care providers. This review examined existing international practice guidelines to identify potential practices to improve HDP management in Indonesian primary care. We performed a structured literature search strategies and snowballi...
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Amihai Rottenstreich, Misgav Rottenstreich, Zvi Ehrlich, Yosef Ezra, David Mankuta, Simcha Yagel, Doron Kabiri, Uriel Elchalal, Gabriel LevinAbstractObjectiveHistory of prior preterm birth (PTB) represents one of the strongest risk factors for recurrent PTB. Nevertheless, whether the occurrence of PTB in multifetal gestation is associated with increased risk of PTB in subsequent pregnancies remains unclear. We aimed to determine the recurrence risk of PTB in a subsequent singleton preg...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionMaternal colonization of ESBL-producing bacteria is an important risk factor for transmission. The vaginal presence of ESBL-producing bacteria during pregnancy is associated with preterm birth and pPROM, which shows the need for clear diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Cases of a novel pneumonia-like illness that originated in Wuhan, China in December have now been confirmed in South Korea, Thailand, Japan, Taiwan, Macau—and, as of Jan. 21, the U.S. The virus’ geographic reach, as well as its newly discovered ability to spread via person-to-person contact, has health officials worried about the prospect of globals spread. As health officials scramble to learn more about the virus and is origins, researchers are simultaneously turning to the question of how to develop a vaccine or therapy that could help contain transmission worldwide—a feat that experts say is technical...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Infectious Disease Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Journal of Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Marta Joskova, Peter Durdik, Martina Sutovska, Marian Grendar, Dusan Koniar, Libor Hargas, Peter Banovcin, Sona FranovaAbstractThere is no direct evidence for the exact cilia-inhibitory effects of opioids, which are generally used to achieve general anesthesia in combination with other anesthetic drugs. These are the reasons, why we analysed direct concentration-dependent or systemic effects of anesthetics (propofol, sufentanil, and midazolam) at a recommended doses administered individually or simultaneously on the trac...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
, Fretes RE Abstract American trypanosomiasis has long been a neglected disease endemic in LatinAmerica, but congenital transmission has now spread Chagas disease to cause a global health problem. As the early stages of the infection of placental tissue and the vertical transmission by Trypanosoma cruzi are still not well understood, it is important to investigate the relevance of the first structure of the placental barrier in chorionic villi infection by T. cruzi during the initial stage of the infection. Explants of human chorionic villi from healthy pregnant women at term were denuded of their syncytiotrophobl...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the antibody levels against the T. cruzi Shed Acute Phase Antigen (SAPA) in 91 binomial samples of seropositive pregnant women and their infected and non-infected children by ELISA. In 70 children without congenital T. cruzi transmission, the titers of anti-SAPA antibodies were lower than those of their seropositive mothers. In contrast, 90.5% of 21 congenitally infected children, at around one month of age, showed higher anti-SAPA antibody levels than their mothers. Subtracting the SAPA-ELISA mother OD value to the SAPA-ELISA child OD allowed efficient detection of most T. cruzi congenitally in...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
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