Factors Associated With Initial Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel Selection for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome (TRANSLATE-ACS) Study Coronary Heart Disease

We examined patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention at 233 US hospitals in the TRANSLATE‐ACS observational study from April 2010 to October 2012. We developed a multivariable logistic regression model to identify factors associated with prasugrel selection. Prasugrel use rates and associated 1‐year risk‐adjusted major adverse cardiovascular events and Global Utilization of Streptokinase and t‐PA for Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) moderate/severe bleeding outcomes were also examined in relation to predicted mortality and bleeding using the validated Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes (ACTION) risk prediction scores. Among 11 969 patients, 3123 (26%) received prasugrel at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention. The strongest factors associated with prasugrel use included cardiogenic shock (odds ratio [OR] 1.68, 95% CI 1.25–2.26), drug‐eluting stent use (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.31–1.62), and ST‐segment elevation myocardial infarction presentation (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.12–1.35). Older age (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.0.53–0.61), dialysis (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.32–0.96), prior history of stroke/transient ischemic attack (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.38–0.73), and interhospital transfer (OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.46–0.55) were associated with lowest prasugrel selection. Prasugrel was used less often than clopidogrel in patients at higher predicted bleeding risk (21.9% versus 29...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Acute Coronary Syndromes, Coronary Artery Disease Original Research Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The severity of neurologic impairment is significantly associated with gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effect of two nutritional interventions in acute ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied consecutive ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage from January 2014 to December 2018. They were stratified into two programs of nutritional therapy after GI hemorrhage: moderate feeding (more than 70% optimal caloric uptake, 50-100 mL/h) and trophic feeding (16-25% of t...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We performed this study to evaluate serum iron and ferritin concentrations, serum total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), and proportion of overall iron deficiency among patients with non-dialysisdependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A hospital-based cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 175 adult patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) by using 51 healthy age-sex-matched Vietnamese adults as the control group. We next examined the prevalence of anemia and determined the serum iron and ferritin concentrations and TIBC. ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Authors: Battisha A, Sawalha K, Madoukh B, Sheikh O, Doughem K, Al-Akchar M, Al-Sadawi M, Shaikh S Abstract Systemic Mastocytosis (SM) is a disorder of excessive mast cell infiltration in multiple organ tissues. Atherosclerosis is a major risk factor for developing acute coronary syndrome [1]. In addition to lipid accumulation in the arterial wall, inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of plaque rupture and activating the thrombosis cascade [2]. The Mast cells contribution to plaque destabilization has been well established in multiple animal and human studies [3]. In a recent study, SM has been ...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
Objective: To assess the prognostic value of electrocardiographic atrial fibrillation in older hypertensive people in the randomized, placebo-controlled Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial. Methods: Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial randomized 3845 hypertensive people aged 80 years and over, 3273 with electrographic data on the presence or absence of atrial fibrillation at baseline and without established cardiovascular disease. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all-cause mortality, incident fatal and nonfatal major cardiovas...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Risk factors Source Type: research
Conclusion: Firefighters showed significantly higher cardiovascular risk than referent controls when comparing those within the same BP category, suggesting that firefighters with elevated BP and hypertension may be at high risk of adverse prognosis.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Risk factors Source Type: research
Conclusion: In ESRD patients under long-term haemodialysis in whom BP was markedly elevated despite administration of many antihypertensive drugs, renal denervation lowered both ambulatory and office BP. The reduction persisted over a 1-year follow-up.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research
Conclusion: Amlodipine lowered long-term gout risk compared with lisinopril or chlorthalidone. This finding may be useful in cases where gout risk is a principal concern among patients being treated for hypertension. This trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov, number: NCT00000542.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research
Suspending the usual review and evidence requirements for official statements, the AHA/ASA issues emergency guidance on treatment of acute stroke during the COVID-19 pandemic.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
BD WAVELINQ 4F EndoAVF System, Arterial Catheter 50 cm, Venous Catheter 43 cm, Sterile EO, Rx only, Mfr. Bard Peripheral Vascular, Inc., Ref W04200, Lot S0053, UDI (01)00801741182754(17)210215(10)S0053 - Product Usage: The WavelinQ 4F EndoAVF System in indicated for the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) using concomitant ulnar artery and ulnar vein or concomitant radial artery and radial vein in patients with minimum artery and vein diameters of 2.0 mm at the fistula creation site who have chronic kidney disease and need hemodialysis.
Source: Medical Device Recalls - Category: Medical Devices Source Type: alerts
Authors: Iwamoto J, Murakami M, Monma T, Ueda H, Tamamushi M, Konishi N, Yara SI, Hirayama T, Ikegami T, Honda A, Mizokami Y Abstract Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or low-dose aspirin (LDA) are the most common causes of drug-induced gastroduodenal ulcer and We investigated preventive treatment with use of concomitant anti-ulcer drugs and the clinical features of gastroduodenal ulcer in cases treated with these drugs. Patients with gastroduodenal ulcer and patients with bleeding were classified into 3 groups: LDA, non-aspirin NSAIDs, and those taking neither aspirin nor NSAIDs. Chronological changes...
Source: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Clin Biochem Nutr Source Type: research
More News: Angioplasty | Bleeding | Cardiogenic Shock | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Clopidogrel | Coronary Angioplasty | Coronary Heart Disease | Dialysis | Heart | Heart Attack | Heart Disease | Hospitals | Ischemic Stroke | Percutaneous Coronary Intervention | Plavix | Stroke | Study