Acupuncture and related interventions for symptoms of chronic kidney disease.
CONCLUSIONS: There was very low quality of evidence of the short-term effects of manual acupressure as an adjuvant intervention for fatigue, depression, sleep disturbance and uraemic pruritus in patients undergoing regular haemodialysis. The paucity of evidence indicates that there is little evidence of the effects of other types of acupuncture for other outcomes, including pain, in patients with other stages of CKD. Overall high or unclear risk of bias distorts the validity of the reported benefit of acupuncture and makes the estimated effects uncertain. The incomplete reporting of acupuncture-related harm does not permit us to assess the safety of acupuncture and related interventions. Future studies should investigate the effects and safety of acupuncture for pain and other common symptoms in patients with CKD and those undergoing dialysis. PMID: 27349639 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Food allergy prevalence has increased over the past 2 decades and is estimated to affect 8% of children and 4% to 10% of adults. There is an unmet need to evaluate new therapeutic modalities that may decrease the risk of food-induced anaphylaxis and improve patients’ quality of life. Oral, epicutaneous, and sublingual food immunotherapies have diff erent safety and efficacy profiles, and their long-term outcome and applicability are unclear. Food allergy trials are currently evaluating different biologics (given as monotherapy or adjunct to immunotherapy), modified food proteins, DNA vaccines, and fecal microbiota transplantation.
No abstract available
Discussion Although melancholically and nonmelancholically depressed patients differed significantly on several clinical characteristics, ECT outcome did not differ. Analyses may be hampered by a high prevalence of psychotic features. In nonpsychotic patients, CORE scores neared significance as predictor of remission, suggesting that CORE scores might be a distinguishing characteristic of melancholia in nonpsychotic patients and a clinical useful predictor of ECT response.
Conclusions The PDAS indeed accurately predicts response to and remission after ECT in (psychotic) depression and most pronouncedly so in older patients but seems to have no clear advantage over simply verifying the presence of psychotic symptoms. This could be the consequence of a ceiling effect, as ECT was extremely effective in patients with psychotic depression. ClinicalTrials.gov: Identifier: NCT02562846.
Conclusions Electroconvulsive therapy use appears to be substantially higher in China than in the United States and is associated with indicators of higher rather than lower functioning as reflected by independent associations with youth, employment, and fewer past hospitalizations, but also with behavioral noncompliance as reflected by involuntary admission, and has increased in recent years. Understanding United States–China discrepancies may further international understanding of the diverse roles of ECT in psychiatric practice.
Conclusions The risk of relapse after ECT is lower for patients with PPD and/or PPP than for patients outside the postpartum period, but the risk is nonetheless substantial in both groups.
No abstract available
Conclusions Generalized, high-amplitude, CPCs during ECT are a previously uncharacterized ictal waveform during ECT, which may have important scientific and clinical value. These complexes offer a specific marker for correlating clinical outcomes in ECT and greater understanding of generalized tonic-clonic seizures.
Conclusions Our data suggest that the beneficial effects of high frequency dTMS of the PFC cannot be attributed solely to its antidepressant effects.
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