World No Tobacco Day 2016

31 May is World No Tobacco Day. It is organized by the World Health Organization to draw attention to the health risks associated with the use of tobacco and what can still be done to reduce tobacco consumption around the world.Here we focus on a Cochrane Review of a medical intervention - nicotine receptor partial agonists for smoking cessation - and what the available evidence tells us about its effectiveness. Cochrane Review provides more support for medication as long-term aid to quitting smokingWhen people stop smoking, they experience cravings to smoke and unpleasant mood changes. Nicotine receptor partial agonists aim to reduce these withdrawal symptoms and the pleasure people usually experience when they smoke. The most widely available treatment in this drug type is varenicline, which is available worldwide as an aid for quitting smoking. Cytisine is a similar medication, but is only available in Central and Eastern European countries, and through internet sales.A team of Cochrane authors based in the UK, working with the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group, updated their review of the efficacy of nicotine receptor partial agonists, including varenicline and cytisine, for smoking cessation. Findings take from 44 studies, which include 25,200 people.Varenicline at standard dose more than doubled the chances of quitting compared with placebo. Low-dose varenicline roughly doubled the chances of quitting, and reduced the number and severity of side effects associated with u...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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Earlier this month the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released  preliminary estimates of the opioid overdose rate for 2017. The total overdose rate rose to approximately 72,000, up from a total overdose rate of 63,600 in 2016, an increase of roughly 10 percent. The total overdose rate includes deaths from numerous drugs in addition to opioids, such as cocaine, methamphetamine, and benzodiazepines. The opioid-related overdose rate increased as well, from a little over 42,000 in 2016 to over 49,000 in 2017. This increase occurred despite a 4 percent drop in heroin overdoses and a 2 p...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Welcome to The Neuroscience Report where each week we will highlight a specific topic in neuroscience and provide you with links to 5 journal articles, 5 news articles, and 5 wildcard picks. Brought to you by Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience—your source for peer-reviewed, evidence-based information.   This week’s topic: Binge Eating Disorder   5 Journal Articles Binge eating, trauma, and suicide attempt in community adults with major depressive disorder The relationship between body mass index, binge eating disorder, and suicidality Association...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Eating Disorders The Neuroscience Report binge eating disorder Dasotraline lisdexamfetamine dimesylate phentermine–topiramate Source Type: research
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is taking a new approach to helping people with serious mental illness (SMI), Elinore F. McCance-Katz, M.D., Ph.D., assistant secretary of mental health and substance use at the Department of Health and Human Services and head of SAMHSA, wrote in anarticle published today inPsychiatric Services in Advance. These efforts include a renewed focus on evidence-based, collaborative care and greater reliance on community resource providers, including peer support.SAMHSA is also prioritizing the training of health care practitioners, working toward providing fr...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: addiction Certified Community Behavioral Health Clinics Elinore McCance-Katz opioids Psychiatric Services in Advance samhsa SMI technical assistance training Source Type: research
Medications used to treat alcohol and opioid use disorder reduce arrest rates, suicidal behavior, and accidental overdose.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
In late June, the U.S. House of Representatives overwhelmingly approved the most sweeping legislation yet aimed at combating opioid addiction and overdoses. Although the House bill has a ways to go before it becomes law, its passage reflected bipartisan cooperation, likely propelled by the depth of the problem. The opioid crisis has helped fuel a 51 percent increase in the combined death rate from drug overdoses, alcohol abuse, or suicide between 2005 and 2016.        
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Blog - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Something’s just not right: lately you are forgetful, stressed, and tired all of the time. Symptoms can vary from mood swings, to lack of concentration, to feeling chronically tired, and anxious. To top it off, no matter how healthy you try to eat, you still aren’t losing weight. So let’s add frustrated to the list. And you’re finding that all of this is affecting your performance at work, as a parent, and even as a partner/spouse. It’s not your imagination.  Grains are behind it all… The grains you consume may have numerous damaging effects on your brain and nervous system, not ju...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates adhd anxiety appetite control blood sugar brain brain fog Brain function dementia Dr. Davis grain grains Inflammation learning ability libido mood mood swings psychiatric disorders seizures Source Type: blogs
In late June, the U.S. House of Representatives overwhelmingly approved the most sweeping legislation yet aimed at combating opioid addiction and overdoses. Although the House bill has a ways to go before it becomes law, its passage reflected bipartisan cooperation, likely propelled by the depth of the problem. The opioid crisis has helped fuel a 51 percent increase in the combined death rate from drug overdoses, alcohol abuse, or suicide between 2005 and 2016.        
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Blog - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
When it comes to your beverage of choice, alcoholic beverages are unique. For millions, they are a regular part of the dining experience. They’re often an important component of social events, celebrations, and milestones; we toast people, events, and memories with alcohol. They play a key role in many religious traditions. And, of course, the alcoholic beverage industry is a major economic force, responsible for more than $220 billion in sales annually in the US. And all of this is true despite the well-known and well-publicized risks of drinking too much alcohol. The negative effects of alcohol It should be a surpr...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Alcohol Health Source Type: blogs
By ROMAN ZAMISHKA In the final act of Shakespeare’s Richard III, the eponymous villain king arrives on the battlefield to fight against Richmond, who will soon become Henry VII. During the battle, Richard is dismounted as his horse is killed and in a mad frenzy wades through the battlefield screaming “A horse, a horse! My kingdom for a horse!” Richard shows us how market value can change drastically depending on the circumstances, or your mental state, and even the most absurd exchange rate can become reasonable in a moment of crisis. This presumably arbitrary nature of prices should be the first t...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Economics Free Market health economics Libertarian Source Type: blogs
By ROMAN ZAMISHKA In the final act of Shakespeare’s Richard III the eponymous villain king arrives on the battlefield to fight against Richmond, who will soon become Henry VII. During the battle Richard is dismounted as his horse is killed and in a mad frenzy wades through the battlefield screaming “A horse, a horse! My kingdom for a horse!” Richard shows us how market value can change drastically depending on the circumstances, or your mental state, and even the most absurd exchange rate can become reasonable in a moment of crisis. This presumably arbitrary nature of prices should be the first thi...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Economics Source Type: blogs
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