Is Hepatocellular Cancer the Same Disease in Alcoholic and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Diseases?
Chronic metabolic insult to the liver by alcohol and other nutritional abuse results in alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), both of which are well-recognized risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). ALD is a leading HCC etiology in several European countries, while the epidemic of obesity and associated metabolic syndrome (eg, type 2 diabetes [T2D]), has led to an increased recognition of NAFLD/NASH as a rapidly increasing HCC risk factor globally, particularly in Western countries such as the United States.
CONCLUSION: Costoclavicular brachial plexus block is a good alternative for upper limb anesthesia distal to the elbow, being a safe and effective option for patients who are obese or have other limitations to the use of other upper limb blocking techniques. PMID: 31519300 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiological figures emerging from this study confirm that trends in Lebanon are in line with a global pattern of decreasing age at menarche. Urban-rural differences suggest that higher caloric content of diet and consequent early overweight, more evident in urban areas, are likely determinants of younger menarche. Evidence from this study calls for an urgent implementation of comprehensive multisectoral obesity prevention in children in Lebanon. PMID: 31519350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsEndovascular coil fiducial placement for lung SBRT is associated with high procedural success rates and lower rates of clinically relevant complications than transthoracic marker placement.
ConclusionsTransrenal anterograde ureteral occlusion using EVOH between vascular plugs could be considered a relatively safe and potentially valuable treatment option for refractory ureteral fistulae.
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyAuthor(s): Edwin A. Takahashi, William S. Harmsen, Sanjay MisraAbstractPurposeTo determine the impact of renal function trajectory, defined as the change in renal function over time before and after renal artery stent placement, on long-term risk for renal replacement therapy (RRT) and mortality.Materials and MethodsEstimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) 6–12 months before renal artery stent placement, at the time of intervention, and 6–12 months after intervention were determined in 398 patients. ...
ConclusionsThe clinical model with radiomic features demonstrated improved survival predictive performance than the model without radiomic features, thus suggesting incremental prognostic value of peritumoral radiomics as MR imaging biomarker in pretreatment glioblastoma.
ConclusionsHistogram parameters derived from Kep might be used as surrogate imaging biomarkers for microvessel density parameters in HNSCC. MinimumKep showed the highest correlation with vessel area and Mode Kep with vessel count.
CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes coverage does not fully align with incidence of diabetes among Australians, and problematic language practices such as the labelling of people as 'diabetics' continue to occur. SO WHAT?: Given the agenda-setting function of the news media, new strategies may be needed to change how Australian metropolitan and national newspapers cover diabetes, especially in relation to incorporating Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander voices and perspectives. PMID: 31520565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Gustat J, Anderson CE, O'Malley K, Hu T, Tabak RG, Goins KV, Valko C, Litt JS, Eyler AA Abstract BACKGROUND: To assess how perceptions of the community built environment influence support for community policies that promote physical activity (PA). METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey assessed perceptions of the local built environment and support of community policies, including school and workplace policies, promoting PA. A random digit-dialed telephone survey was conducted in US counties selected on Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for high or low prevalence of obesity and inacti...
Ali Mahzari1, Songpei Li1, Xiu Zhou1,2, Dongli Li2, Sherouk Fouda1, Majid Alhomrani1, Wala Alzahrani1, Stephen R. Robinson1 and Ji-Ming Ye1,2* 1Lipid Biology and Metabolic Disease Laboratory, School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 2School of Biotechnology and Health Sciences, Wuyi University, Jiangmen, China The present study investigated the effects of matrine on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in mice induced by a methionine choline-deficient (MCD) diet and the mechanism involved. The study was performed in C57B/6J mice fed a MCD diet for 6 weeks to induce NAS...
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