Confusion about Cadmium Risks: The Unrecognized Limitations of an Extrapolated Paradigm

Conclusions: Cd risk assessment paradigm needs to be rethought by considering that low-level U-Cd is strongly influenced by renal physiology, recent exposure and factors linked to studied outcomes. This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process. Citation: Bernard A. Confusion about Cadmium Risks: The Unrecognized Limitations of an Extrapolated Paradigm. Environ Health Perspect; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1509691. Received: 8 January 2015 Accepted: 5 June 2015 Advance Publication: 9 June 2015 EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehp508@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Total Article Views: 95 Total Article Views: 95
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

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Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) remains the leading cause of adult nephrotic syndrome. Immunosuppressive therapy with cyclophosphamide (CTX) is often successful in reducing proteinuria, but its use is ...
Source: Trials - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
Conclusions Surufatinib demonstrated promising efficacy with a tolerable and manageable safety profile for patients with locally advanced or metastatic MTC, RAI-refractory DTC, or locally advanced, unresectable recurrences unable to receive RAI. PMID: 32075524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
ConclusionsCardiac effects after severe late-onset PE were small and transient. This indicates that left ventricular hypertrophy after severe late-onset PE may be a secondary physiologic response to increased peripheral resistance in PE. Vascular mechanisms rather than persistent cardiac hypertrophy postpartum may be the culprit for increased long-term cardiovascular risk after PE.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionChinese herbal preparation HKSWF has remarkable curative effects on glomerulonephritis animals. HKSWF attenuates pyruvate dehydrogenase to improve glomerular injury.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Loutradis C, Sarafidis P Abstract Introduction: Hypertension is the most common co-morbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), with prevalence gradually increasing across CKD Stages to the extent that about 90% of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are hypertensives. Several factors contribute to blood pressure (BP) elevation and guide the therapeutic interventions that should be employed in these patients.Areas covered: This review summarizes the existing data for the management of hypertension, regarding optimal BP targets and the use of major antihypertensive classes in patients with C...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
López-Sánchez P Abstract Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive complication of pregnancy. Its cause is still unknown and it could be a risk factor for future ophthalmic problems. Retinal vascular bed alterations have been described as a consequence of PE, suggesting a retinopathy. Factors related to angiogenesis and vascular permeability, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) or components of the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS), prorrenin/renin receptor ((P)RR) and angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R) have been located in the retina,...
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The importance of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) in glomerular filtration is underscored by the manifestations of Alport and Pierson syndromes, caused by defects in type IV collagen α3α4α5 and the laminin β2 chain, respectively. Lamb2 null mice, which model the most severe form of Pierson syndrome, exhibit proteinuria prior to podocyte foot process effacement and are therefore useful for studying GBM permselectivity. We hypothesize that some LAMB2 missense mutations that ca use mild forms of Pierson syndrome induce GBM destabilization with delayed effects on podocytes.
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Hematuria is blood in urine. The  urine may be red or pink, which is called macroscopic hematuria, or the urine may be normal in color but show blood cells when examined under a microscope, which is called microscopic hematuria. When a child with hematuria is examined, the doctor will usually test the urine for both blood and protein. Protein in the urine is called proteinuria.
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