A small animal model of NASH with progressive steatohepatitis -induced by fast food diet and alcohol in C57BL/6J mouse with high human pathophysiological proximity

Food Chem Toxicol. 2023 Jun 2:113851. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2023.113851. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNon-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH) both can progress to end-stage liver disease (ESLD). No relevant animal models are available for studying the toxic consequences of concurrent fast food diet- and alcohol usage in fibrosing NASH. As a result, dependable and short-term In-vivo models capable of recapitulating human disease pathophysiology are required for deciphering mechanistic insights and preclinical drug discovery programs. The current study aims to develop a mouse model for progressive steatohepatitis employing a fast food (FF) diet with intermittent oral alcohol (EtOH) administration. For eight (8) weeks, C57BL/6 J mice were fed standard chow (SC) diet ± EtOH or FF ± EtOH. EtOH uses enhanced the histological characteristics of FF-induced steatohepatitis and fibrosis. A dysregulated molecular signaling cascade related to oxidative stress, steatosis, fibrosis, DNA damage, and apoptosis was evident at protein and gene expression levels in the FF + EtOH. The results from the in-vivo model were replicated in mouse hepatocyte cultures (AML-12) subjected to palmitic acid (PA) ± EtOH exposures. The results of the present study indicate that the clinical hallmarks of human progressive steatohepatitis and fibrosis were achieved in our mice model, showing its suitability for preclinical research.PMID:37271273 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.113851
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research