Case report: Primary pleural giant extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma in a child

This study presents the case of an 11-year-old boy who presented to our hospital with no apparent cause of left shoulder pain for 6 months. On physical examination, tenderness was noted in the left chest wall and shoulder joint, which had a limited range of motion. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest revealed an irregular soft tissue mass in the upper left thorax, with a wide base attached to the adjacent pleura and bone destruction of the adjacent left first rib. The patient’s bone scan showed a dense focus of increased radiotracer accumulation in the left first rib. A subsequent CT-guided aspiration biopsy of the left pleural mass with histomorphology and immunohistochemical phenotyping led to a diagnosis of extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma. To inhibit tumor growth, alternating systemic chemotherapy cycles of vincristine, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (VDC) and isocyclophosphamide and etoposide (IE) were administered at 3-week intervals. After completing three VDC and two IE cycles, the child’s condition was well and the pain in the left shoulder joint was relieved. However, a repeat MRI of the chest showed that the mass did not shrink.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research