HBV mutations double following vaccination campaign
A universal infant vaccination campaign in China has led the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) to more than double its rate of "breakout" mutations. These mutations may enable the virus to elude the vaccine, necessitating new vaccination strategies. Researchers at the Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, report their findings in an article published ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. Until a universal vaccination program for infants was implemented in 1992, nearly ten percent of Chinese - children included - were infected with HBV... (Source: Health News ...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - October 9, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Liver Disease / Hepatitis Source Type: news

Virology, Natural History, and Treatment for HCV Genotype 3Virology, Natural History, and Treatment for HCV Genotype 3
Read this new study to learn about advancements in understanding and treating HCV genotype 3. Journal of Viral Hepatitis (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - October 8, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news

Making the most of what you have
(University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna) Understanding how viral proteins are produced can provide important clues on how we might interfere with the process. The group of Till Rümenapf at the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna has discovered that a key protease of a particular virus breaks itself down into two different functional molecules. The findings are reported in the Journal of Virology and may have important implications for the development of defense strategies against diseases caused by flaviviruses. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 8, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Viral Load Monitoring and Outcomes in HAART PatientsViral Load Monitoring and Outcomes in HAART Patients
Do patients with negative PCR results have better virological outcomes than those with PVL (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - October 7, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: HIV/AIDS Journal Article Source Type: news

Vaccination campaign doubles HBV mutations
(American Society for Microbiology) A universal infant vaccination campaign in China has led the hepatitis B virus to more than double its rate of "breakout" mutations. These mutations may enable the virus to elude the vaccine, necessitating new vaccination strategies. Researchers at the Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, report their findings in an article published ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 7, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

How JC Polyomavirus invades cells
(Brown University) A new study in the Journal of Virology identifies the means by which the JC Polyomavirus enters host cells. It's a particular subset of serotonin receptors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 7, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Cocaine use can make otherwise resistant immune cells susceptible to HIV
In many ways, the spread of HIV has been fueled by substance abuse. Shared needles and drug users' high-risk sexual behaviors are just some of the ways that narcotics such as cocaine have played a key role in the AIDS epidemic in much of the world.   There is, however, relatively little research into how drugs can impact the body's defenses against the virus. But a new UCLA study published in the October issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology examines how cocaine affects a unique population of immune cells called quiescent CD4 T cells, which are resistant to the virus that causes AIDS.   The results: Coca...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - October 2, 2013 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Global Virus Network calls for more vaccinations as US measles cases surge
The Global Virus Network (GVN) a coalition of the world's leading medical virology research centres has warned that more vaccinations are needed to combat a startling rise in US measles cases. (Source: Pharmaceutical Technology)
Source: Pharmaceutical Technology - October 1, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Infectious Burden and Its Role in Cerebrovascular DiseaseInfectious Burden and Its Role in Cerebrovascular Disease
What role do infections play in the development of cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairment? Future Virology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - September 26, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

'India looking at major transition in R&D opportunities'
New govt schemes include research units in medical colleges, network of virology laboratories in all govt medical colleges and model rural health research units. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - September 24, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Molecular Virology(Modrow et al.)
(Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles)
Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles - September 22, 2013 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Molecular Medicine Source Type: news

Molecular Virology(Falke et al.)
(Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles)
Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles - September 19, 2013 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Molecular Medicine Source Type: news

Molecular Virology(Schätzl et al.)
(Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles)
Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles - September 19, 2013 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Molecular Medicine Source Type: news

Molecular Virology(Truyen et al.)
(Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles)
Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles - September 19, 2013 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Molecular Medicine Source Type: news

Use of Proficiency Testing as a Tool to Improve Quality in Microbiology Laboratories
Abstract: Proficiency testing (PT) is a valuable tool for assessing laboratory performance and verifying the accuracy and reliability of test results. Participation is required by the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) of 1988 for each of the microbiology subspecialties (bacteriology, mycobacteriology, mycology, parasitology, and virology), and the regulations include specific PT requirements for each subspecialty. To determine the use and perceived value of PT beyond meeting CLIA requirements, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded a cooperative agreement with the Association of Public H...
Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter - September 15, 2013 Category: Microbiology Authors: Heather L. Stang, Nancy L. Anderson Source Type: news

The 'Trojan Horse' Oncogenic Strategy of HPVs in ChildhoodThe 'Trojan Horse' Oncogenic Strategy of HPVs in Childhood
Silent infection of high-risk HPVs in childhood may be the key to HPV persistence in human tissues such as the lung and the breast. Future Virology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - September 12, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

Use of Proficiency Testing as a Tool to Improve Quality in Microbiology Laboratories
Abstract: Proficiency testing (PT) is a valuable tool for assessing laboratory performance and verifying the accuracy and reliability of test results. Participation is required by the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) of 1988 for each of the microbiology subspecialties (bacteriology, mycobacteriology, mycology, parasitology, and virology), and the regulations include specific PT requirements for each subspecialty. To determine the use and perceived value of PT beyond meeting CLIA requirements, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded a cooperative agreement with the Association of Public H...
Source: Clinical Microbiology Newsletter - September 9, 2013 Category: Microbiology Authors: Heather L. Stang, Nancy L. Anderson Source Type: news

Molecular Virology(Modrow et al.)
(Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles)
Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles - September 9, 2013 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Molecular Medicine Source Type: news

Programmed cell death activates latent herpesviruses
Researchers have found that apoptosis, a natural process of programmed cell death, can reactivate latent herpesviruses in the dying cell. The results of their research, which could have broad clinical significance since many cancer chemotherapies cause apoptosis, was published ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. Human herpesviruses (HHV) are linked to a range of childhood and adult diseases, including chickenpox, mononucleosis, cold sores, and genital sores, and are of a particular concern for patients who are immunosuppressed due cancer or AIDS... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - September 9, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Biology / Biochemistry Source Type: news

Molecular Virology(Modrow et al.)
(Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles)
Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles - September 6, 2013 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Molecular Medicine Source Type: news

Molecular Virology(Falke et al.)
(Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles)
Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles - September 6, 2013 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Molecular Medicine Source Type: news

Molecular Virology(Schätzl et al.)
(Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles)
Source: Springer Biomedical Sciences titles - September 6, 2013 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Molecular Medicine Source Type: news

Programmed cell death activates latent herpesviruses
(American Society for Microbiology) Researchers have found that apoptosis, a natural process of programmed cell death, can reactivate latent herpesviruses in the dying cell. The results of their research, which could have broad clinical significance since many cancer chemotherapies cause apoptosis, was published ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 5, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Combo of social media, behavior psychology leads to HIV testing, better health behaviors
Can social media be used to create sustainable changes in health behavior?   A UCLA study published Sept. 3 in the peer-reviewed journal Annals of Internal Medicine demonstrates that an approach that combines behavioral science with social media and online communities can lead to improved health behaviors among men at risk of HIV infection.    The evidence-based approach not only led to increased HIV testing and encouraged significant behavioral change among high-risk groups but also proved to be one of the best HIV-prevention and testing approaches on the Internet, according to the study's lead investig...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - September 4, 2013 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Drug design success propels efforts to fight HIV with a combination of 2 FDA-approved drugs
A University of Minnesota research team featuring researchers from the Institute for Molecular Virology, School of Dentistry and Center for Drug Design has developed a new delivery system for a combination of two FDA approved drugs that may serve as an effective treatment for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The discovery, which allows for a combination of decitabine and gemcitabine to be delivered in pill form, marks a major step forward in patient feasibility for the drugs, which previously had been available solely via injection or intravenous therapy (IV)... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - September 4, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: HIV / AIDS Source Type: news

This Day in Science History - September 4 - Hans Zinsser
September 4th marks the passing of Hans Zinsser. Zinsser was an American virologist who built his career on the typhus fever. He traveled the world with the Red Cross investigating ...Read Full Post (Source: About.com Chemistry)
Source: About.com Chemistry - September 3, 2013 Category: Chemistry Source Type: news

Apoptosis Triggers Replication of Common Viruses: Children's National Study
Researchers from Children's National Medical Center have found that an alternate, "escape" replication process triggered by apoptosis - the process of cell death or "cell suicide" - appears to be common in human herpesviruses (HHV). The findings have implications for better understanding of viruses and of disease conditions and treatments, like chemotherapy, that stimulate apoptosis. The study was published online, ahead of print, in the Journal of Virology... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - August 30, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

Novel Drug Shows 'Strong' Anti-HIV Effect (CME/CE)
ATLANTA (MedPage Today) -- An investigational HIV drug had "strong” virologic effects in the first group of HIV-positive patients to try it, a researcher said here. (Source: MedPage Today State Required CME)
Source: MedPage Today State Required CME - August 29, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New Drug Combo Helps Treat Chronic Hepatitis C
(Ivanhoe Newswire) –Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection with the interferon-free regimen of sofosbuvir and ribavirin resulted in a high sustained virologic response rate in a patient population with unfavorable treatment characteristics, according to recent research. (Source: Medical Headlines From Ivanhoe.com)
Source: Medical Headlines From Ivanhoe.com - August 29, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Kenya: There Is No Cure of HIV/Aids Globally
[The Star]Do not be fooled, there is no cure for HIV/AIDS worldwide. Virologist Omu Anzala says those advising HIV patients to use herbal drugs as a cure to the virus are misinforming them. He adds the drugs only suppresses the virus to levels that cannot be detected by rapid HIV tests. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 28, 2013 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Interferon-Free Combo Controls Hep C Virus (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Hepatitis C treatment with a two-drug, interferon-free regimen was effective at maintaining a sustained virologic response in patients deemed unlikely to respond to treatment, researchers found. (Source: MedPage Today OB/GYN)
Source: MedPage Today OB/GYN - August 27, 2013 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

HCV: Interferon-Free Regimen Works in Hard-to-Treat PatientsHCV: Interferon-Free Regimen Works in Hard-to-Treat Patients
A sofosbuvir-ribavirin regimen showed 'encouraging' results in achieving sustained virologic response in a largely black, male population. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 27, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Sir Michael Stoker obituary
Director of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund laboratories who turned the ICRF into a world-renowned organisatonSir Michael Stoker, who has died aged 95, was an outstanding cell biologist and a pioneer in the use of mammalian cells grown in the laboratory for the study of cancer. He also, in his characteristically unassuming way, had a major influence on the development of biomedical research in Britain through his involvement in many scientific organisations, especially as director of research at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (now subsumed into Cancer Research UK).In the early 1950s, as a lecturer in pathology at Camb...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 27, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Walter Bodmer Tags: The Guardian Obituaries Biology Medical research Cancer Medicine Science Source Type: news

Combination drug regimen may benefit patients with hepatitis C
(The JAMA Network Journals) Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection with the interferon-free regimen of sofosbuvir and ribavirin resulted in a high sustained virologic response rate in a patient population with unfavorable treatment characteristics, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 27, 2013 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New intervention reduces risky sex among bisexual African-American men
A culturally tailored HIV prevention program developed and tested by investigators at UCLA and the Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science has been shown to significantly reduce unprotected sex among bisexual black men.   The innovative approach, called Men of African American Legacy Empowering Self, or MAALES, is described in an article in the peer-reviewed journal AIDS.   The rate of HIV/AIDS among African-Americans is significantly higher than it is among any other ethnic or racial group. (According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, African-Americans accounted for an estimated 44 pe...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - August 21, 2013 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

HCV: Interferon-Free Regimen Works in Over 50% of PatientsHCV: Interferon-Free Regimen Works in Over 50% of Patients
More than half (52% - 69%) of patients with HCV treated with faldaprevir combined with deleobuvir plus ribavirin had sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment completion. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 14, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Liver Transplantation for HIV/HCV CoinfectionLiver Transplantation for HIV/HCV Coinfection
Should liver transplant be contraindicated for HIV/HCV coinfected patients? Future Virology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 12, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

Anti-herpesvirus drug treatment may benefit some chronic fatigue syndrome patients
Many experts believe that chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has several root causes including some viruses. Now, lead scientists Shara Pantry, Maria Medveczky and Peter Medveczky of the University of South Florida's Morsani College of Medicine, along with the help of several collaborating scientists and clinicians, have published an article in the Journal of Medical Virology suggesting that a common virus, Human Herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), is the possible cause of some CFS cases... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - July 30, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

Anti-herpes virus drug treatment may benefit some chronic fatigue syndrome patients
Many experts believe that chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has several root causes including some viruses. Now, lead scientists Shara Pantry, Maria Medveczky and Peter Medveczky of the University of South Florida's Morsani College of Medicine, along with the help of several collaborating scientists and clinicians, have published an article in the Journal of Medical Virology suggesting that a common virus, Human Herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), is the possible cause of some CFS cases... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - July 30, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

Researchers reveal monoclonal antibody effective against norovirus
Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) provide the first proof of concept data showing that a monoclonal antibody can neutralize human norovirus. This research, which could one day lead to effective therapies against the virus, was published online ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. "We initiated this work because there is presently no virus-specific treatment or vaccine to control the norovirus illness," says Kim Y. Green, a researcher on the study... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - July 27, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

Inherited virus can cause cognitive dysfunction and fatigue
(University of South Florida (USF Health)) Many experts believe that chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has several root causes including some viruses. Now, lead researchers at the University of South Florida, along with the help of several collaborating scientists and clinicians, have published an article in the Journal of Medical Virology suggesting that a common virus, Human Herpesvirus 6, may cause some CFS cases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 26, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Monoclonal antibody effective against norovirus
(American Society for Microbiology) Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases provide the first proof of concept data showing that a monoclonal antibody can neutralize human norovirus. This research, which could one day lead to effective therapies against the virus, was published online ahead of print in the Journal of Virology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 24, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Unusual Tick-Borne Virus Lurks In Missouri's Woods
Last year, virologists traced the mysterious illness of two Missouri farmers to a virus never seen before. Now, scientists have found the so-called Heartland virus in ticks. The discovery means the U.S. has another tick-borne illness on its hands — and "another reason to avoid getting bit."» E-Mail This     » Add to Del.icio.us (Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - July 23, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Review article describes epidemiology, characteristics and prevention of West Nile virus
(The JAMA Network Journals) Lyle R. Petersen, M.D., M.P.H., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Fort Collins, Colo., and colleagues conducted a review of the medical literature and national surveillance data to examine the ecology, virology, epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, prevention, and control of West Nile virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - July 16, 2013 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

General DNA Sequencing Can Reveal Previously Undetectable HPV
There are 170 established HPV types. Cancerous human papillomavirus (HPV) viruses are the main cause of cervical cancer, and are found in close to 100% of cervical tumors. Cervical cancer and genital warts are caused by HPV. However, testing for the virus using standard techniques can sometimes give a negative result - in these cases, the condylomas are called 'virus-negative' warts. In a new study published in Virology, researchers assessed the DNA found in samples taken from 40 patients with 'virus-negative' genital warts... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - July 15, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cervical Cancer / HPV Vaccine Source Type: news

NIH grant lets Virginia Tech's X.J. Meng study how hepatitis E virus infects across species barrier
(Virginia Tech) X.J. Meng, a University Distinguished Professor at Virginia Tech and a virologist at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, has received a four-year, nearly $1.6 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to better understand the genetic elements that allow hepatitis E virus to transfer from animals to people. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 15, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

10 Postdoctoral Fellowships in Cancer Research, Heidelberg, Germany
Added via NatureJobs. The German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) invites applications for 10 two-year Postdoctoral Fellowships in Cancer Research. This Program provides interdisciplinary training and research opportunities in state-of-the-art research facilities for excellent young scientists, no longer than 2 years past graduation, who wish to work at the forefront of cancer research in any of the following topics: Cell and Tumor Biology, Developmental and Stem Cell Biology; Functional and Structural Genomics, Systems Biology; Epidemiology, Cancer Risk Factors, Cancer Epigenomics; Tumor Immunology; Infection and Cancer, Tum...
Source: Society for Endocrinology - July 12, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

Higher Virologic Failure Reported for Children on NevirapineHigher Virologic Failure Reported for Children on Nevirapine
For children with HIV, a nevirapine-based regimen results in more virologic failures after 5 years than other treatment options. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - July 11, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: HIV/AIDS News Source Type: news

Vitamin D and HIV InfectionVitamin D and HIV Infection
What impact does vitamin D supplementation have on HIV infected persons? Future Virology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - July 11, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: HIV/AIDS Journal Article Source Type: news

Hidden strains of HPV found in 'virus-negative' genital warts
(Elsevier) In a new study published in Virology, researchers assessed the DNA found in samples taken from 40 patients with 'virus-negative' genital warts. Through a general DNA sequencing approach, the researchers showed that several of the negative samples did in fact contain HPV DNA. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - July 11, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news