Secondary normal pressure hydrocephalus following pituitary apoplexy: A case report
CONCLUSION: This case suggests that sNPH can develop even after a small subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by a pituitary apoplexy in LOVA patients. If the aqueduct of Sylvius is open, sNPH with a LOVA background can be successfully treated with LPS placement.PMID:38628523 | PMC:PMC11021090 | DOI:10.25259/SNI_32_2024 (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 17, 2024 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Yusuke Tomita Shoichi Fukuda Aiko Kobashi Yoshihiro Okada Keigo Makino Naoya Kidani Kenichiro Muraoka Nobuyuki Hirotsune Shigeki Nishino Source Type: research

Temporal bone squamous cell carcinoma: Aggressive behavior coursing with cerebellar invasion and hydrocephalus
CONCLUSION: We report a case of advanced TBSCC with poor prognosis despite surgical treatment and radiotherapy. More data are necessary to provide new and better treatment to these patients.PMID:38628504 | PMC:PMC11021098 | DOI:10.25259/SNI_1017_2023 (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 17, 2024 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Maria Eduarda Ros ário Viveiros de Castro Pedro Henrique Costa Ferreira-Pinto Dom ênica Baroni Coelho de Oliveira Ferreira Ana Carolina Gon çalves Brito Maud Parise Eduardo Mendes Correa Thaina Zanon Cruz Wesley Klein Nunes de Freitas Pedro Luiz Ribeir Source Type: research

Multimodal radionuclide shuntography for device patency: New procedural tips for anuncommon historical technique
Hell J Nucl Med. 2024 Apr 18:s002449912705. doi: 10.1967/s002449912705. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting is an established long-term treatment option for hydrocephalus, and is one of the most commonly performed neurosurgical procedures in western countries.Despite advances in CSF shunt design and management, its failure rates remain high and is most commonly due to obstruction and infection.Cerebrospinal fluidshunt failure diagnosis should be prompt and accurate in establishing timely if its revision is appropriate. Radionuclide shuntography with technetium-99m-diethylenetriaminepetaacetic a...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - April 17, 2024 Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Antonio Rosario Pisani Dino Rubini Corinna Altini Nicola Lucarelli Angela Gaudiano Cristina Ferrari Giuseppe Rubini Source Type: research

Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Surgery in Pediatrics: Does Preoperative Skin Antisepsis with Chlorhexidine/Alcohol Reduce Postoperative Shunt Infection Rate?
Conclusions Two steps of preoperative skin antisepsis, first using chlorhexidine/alcohol and then povidone-iodine scrub solution, may significantly reduce the infection rate in pediatric VP shunt surgeries. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, GermanyArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery)
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - April 15, 2024 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Ammar, Ahmed Shawky Elnoamany, Hossam Elkholy, Hany Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Successful treatment of penicillin-resistant pneumococcal meningitis following ventriculoperitoneal shunt in congenital hydrocephalus: A case report on the efficacy of linezolid
Asian J Surg. 2024 Apr 9:S1015-9584(24)00639-0. doi: 10.1016/j.asjsur.2024.04.007. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38599973 | DOI:10.1016/j.asjsur.2024.04.007 (Source: Asian Journal of Surgery)
Source: Asian Journal of Surgery - April 10, 2024 Category: Surgery Authors: Jun Wei Junjie Ning Source Type: research

Successful treatment of penicillin-resistant pneumococcal meningitis following ventriculoperitoneal shunt in congenital hydrocephalus: A case report on the efficacy of linezolid
Asian J Surg. 2024 Apr 9:S1015-9584(24)00639-0. doi: 10.1016/j.asjsur.2024.04.007. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38599973 | DOI:10.1016/j.asjsur.2024.04.007 (Source: Asian Journal of Surgery)
Source: Asian Journal of Surgery - April 10, 2024 Category: Surgery Authors: Jun Wei Junjie Ning Source Type: research

Toward the "Perfect" Shunt: Historical Vignette, Current Efforts, and Future Directions
Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg. 2024;50:1-30. doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-53578-9_1.ABSTRACTAs a concept, drainage of excess fluid volume in the cranium has been around for more than 1000 years. Starting with the original decompression-trepanation of Abulcasis to modern programmable shunt systems, to other nonshunt-based treatments such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization, we have come far as a field. However, there are still fundamental limitations that shunts have yet to overcome: namely posture-induced over- and underdrainage, the continual need for valve opening pressure especially in pediatric ca...
Source: Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery - April 9, 2024 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Anthony Podgor šak Fabian Fl ürenbrock Nina Eva Trimmel Leonie Korn Markus Florian Oertel Lennart Stieglitz Sandra Fernandes Dias Melanie Michaela Hierweger Melanie Zeilinger Miriam Weisskopf Marianne Schmid Daners Source Type: research

The grasp reflex in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
ConclusionThis retrospective study identified grasp reflexes as a highly prevalent phenomenon in patients with iNPH. These reflexes can assist in evaluating the severity of various symptoms, including cognitive, gait, urinary, motor and emotional symptoms. (Source: Journal of Neurology)
Source: Journal of Neurology - April 8, 2024 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Quantitative noninvasive measurement of cerebrospinal fluid flow in shunted hydrocephalus
CONCLUSIONS: The PC-MRI sequence provided accurate and reliable clinical measurements of CSF flow in shunt-treated patients. This work provides the necessary framework to include PC-MRI as an immediate addition to the clinical setting in the noninvasive evaluation of shunt function and in future clinical investigations of CSF physiology.PMID:38564811 | DOI:10.3171/2023.7.JNS231326 (Source: Journal of Neurosurgery)
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - April 2, 2024 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Joseph H Ha Matthew T Borzage Erik B Vanstrum Eamon K Doyle Meenakshi Upreti Benita Tamrazi Marvin Nelson Stefan Bl üml Malkiat S Johal J Gordon McComb Jason Chu Susan Durham Mark D Krieger Rex A Moats Peter A Chiarelli Source Type: research

Risk Analysis Index as a preoperative frailty tool for elective ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
CONCLUSIONS: In a nationwide database analysis, increasing frailty, as measured by RAI, was associated with NHD, 30-day mortality, unplanned readmission, eLOS, and postoperative complications. Although the RAI outperformed the mFI-5, it is essential to account for the potentially reversible clinical issues related to the underlying disease process, as these factors may inflate frailty scores, assign undue risk, and diminish their utility. This knowledge may enhance provider understanding of the impact of frailty on postoperative outcomes for patients with iNPH, while highlighting the potential constraints associated with f...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - April 2, 2024 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Evan Courville Kavelin Rumalla Syed Faraz Kazim Alis J Dicpinigaitis Meic Schmidt Timothy M Robinson Christian A Bowers Source Type: research