Bibliographical Characteristics of North Korean Medical Journals and Articles.
In conclusion, the journals were published in their own unique style and format, which are far from the global standard. PMID: 29999502 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - July 14, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Why Geriatric Medicine Is Important for Korea: Lessons Learned in the United States.
Authors: Won CW, Kim S, Swagerty D Abstract With the rapid increase in the number of Korean older adults, developing and integrating quality, expert older adult care in the Korean health care system will be essential and a tremendous benefit to these older adult patients, their families, and Korean society. While the awareness of geriatric medicine as a specialty for physicians caring exclusively for older adults has improved greatly in recent decades among Korean health care providers and older adult patients, there is still great opportunity to improve training opportunities for all medical students, primary care...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 24, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification Analysis Subsequent to Direct DNA Full Sequencing for Identifying ATP7B Mutations and Phenotype Correlations in Children with Wilson Disease.
Conclusion: MLPA showed a limited role to increase the mutation detection rate in children who do not receive a definite genetic diagnosis of WD through DNA full sequencing. This finding suggests that large deletions or duplications might be extremely rare in WD. Further development is needed to improve the genetic diagnosis of WD. PMID: 29930488 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 24, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Plasma CRABP2 as a Novel Biomarker in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
Authors: Kim DJ, Kim WJ, Lim M, Hong Y, Lee SJ, Hong SH, Heo J, Lee HY, Han SS Abstract Background: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. We previously reported the identification of a new genetic marker, cellular retinoic acid binding protein 2 (CRABP2), in lung cancer tissues. The aim of this study was to assess plasma levels of CRABP2 from patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Blood samples that were collected from 122 patients with NSCLC between September 2009 and September 2013 were selected for the analysis, along with samples from age- (± ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 24, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Reduction in Alpha Peak Frequency and Coherence on Quantitative Electroencephalography in Patients with Schizophrenia.
Conclusion: This study focused on alpha variables detected in QEEG as intrinsic values to distinguish schizophrenia from a healthy control. The results suggest decreased alpha peak frequency of the occipital lobe and decreased coherence between the two hemispheres in patients with schizophrenia. A further study could elucidate the causal relationship and biological meaning of the variations in alpha waves in patients with schizophrenia. PMID: 29930490 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 24, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Stop Discussing New Medical Specialty Boards.
Authors: Choung JT Abstract The Korean society is rapidly aging and the health care needs for aged people are increasing. In this context, some physicians claim to establish new medical specialty board (MSB) for geriatric medical experts but also MSB for primary medical care specialists, clinical pharmacologists, and public health experts. In Korea, basic concept for the specialty board system is still under debates and the legal support for the system is poor. At present, doctors with MSBs in private sectors supply 92.4% of primary medical care but the National Health Care System requires more primary care physici...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 24, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Impact of the Health Insurance Coverage Policy on Oral Anticoagulant Prescription among Patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Korea from 2014 to 2016.
Conclusion: The change of health insurance coverage policy substantially influenced OACs prescription pattern in whole Korean region. But the impact has been significantly different among regions and age groups, which provides the evidence for developing standard clinical practice guideline on OACs use. PMID: 29853819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Association between Plasma Pentraxin 3 Levels and Bone Mineral Density in Elderly Koreans: the Dong-gu Study.
Authors: Lee R, Ahn HR, Shin MH, Kim HN, Lee YH, Choi SW, Kweon SS Abstract Background: We investigated the association between pentraxin 3 (PTX3), a novel inflammatory marker, and bone mineral density (BMD) in the general Korean population. Methods: We selected a sub-cohort of 1,440 subjects (757 men and 683 women) from participants in the community-based Dong-gu Study. The mean age was 66.0 ± 8.1 years for men and 63.7 ± 7.9 years for women. The plasma PTX3 levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and BMD was measured in the femoral neck and lumbar spine using dual-energy...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Optimal Endoscopic Screening Interval for Early Detection of Gastric Cancer: a Single-Center Study.
Authors: Jin S, Jeon SW, Kwon Y, Nam SY, Yeo SJ, Kwon SH, Lee SJ Abstract Background: The optimal endoscopic screening interval for early gastric cancer (EGC) detection still remains controversial. Thus, we performed this prospective study to clarify the optimal interval between endoscopic examinations for EGC detection. Methods: A questionnaire survey for penultimate endoscopy and gastric cancer (GC) diagnosis interval was used; the findings were then analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to GC type and endoscopic examinations intervals. Results: A total of 843 patients were enrolle...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Disease Characteristics and Change in Arthritis Activity according to Treatment in Hepatitis B Surface Antigen-positive Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: a Retrospective Chart Review Study.
Authors: Eun Y, Kim IY, Jeong H, Kim H, Lee J, Choi MS, Koh E, Cha HS Abstract Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment may differ according to hepatitis B state and consequently may bring about different arthritis outcomes. However, whether hepatitis B affects treatment outcome remains unclear. We investigated differences in change in arthritis activity between RA patients according to concomitant hepatitis B virus infection. Methods: A retrospective medical chart review was performed by two rheumatologic fellows using single center data, from January 2000 to March 2015. Among RA patients older than 18 ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Usefulness of Plasma Pentraxin 3 Levels in Acute and Chronic Inflammatory Diseases.
Authors: Han SH PMID: 29853823 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Screening Upper Endoscopy for Early Detection of Gastric Cancer.
Authors: Moon JS PMID: 29853824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - June 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Serial Changes of Cytokines in Children with Cerebral Palsy Who Received Intravenous Granulocyte-colony Stimulating Factor Followed by Autologous Mobilized Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells.
Conclusion: The changes of G-CSF itself, as well as G-CSF-induced cytokines such as IL-6, may be associated with the clinical improvement of neurologic functions. The G-CSF-induced changes of IL-6, BDNF and IGF-1, and BDNF levels before treatment, could be used as prognostic factors in G-CSF trials in CP children. PMID: 29780293 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 22, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Electro-deposited Nanoporous Platinum Electrode for EEG Monitoring.
Conclusion: Based on these results, the proposed L2-ePt electrode is suitable for use in various high-quality EEG applications. PMID: 29780294 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 22, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Successful in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer after Transplantation of Cryopreserved Ovarian Tissue: Report of the First Korean Case.
We report a 30-year old woman with rectal cancer who underwent IVF and ET after cryopreserved OT thawing and re-implantation. She has been diagnosed with stage IIIC rectal cancer after surgery, and right ovary was removed and cryopreserved between cycles of chemotherapy. After completion of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the patient underwent orthotopic transplantation of cryopreserved OTs. Three months after transplantation, the serum follicle-stimulating hormone level decreased from 91.11 mIU/mL to 43.69 mIU/mL. Thereafter, the patient underwent 11 ovarian stimulation cycles, and in 7 cycles, follicle growth was observed...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 22, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Metal Artifact Reduction for Orthopedic Implants: Brain CT Angiography in Patients with Intracranial Metallic Implants.
Authors: Sunwoo L, Park SW, Rhim JH, Kang Y, Chung YS, Son YJ, Kim SC Abstract Background: The purpose of this study was to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the effects of a metal artifact reduction for orthopedic implants (O-MAR) for brain computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in patients with aneurysm clips and coils. Methods: The study included 36 consecutive patients with 47 intracranial metallic implants (42 aneurysm clips, 5 coils) who underwent brain CTA. The computed tomographic images with and without the O-MAR were independently reviewed both quantitatively and qualitatively by two reviewers...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 22, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Impact of Osteoarthritis on Household Catastrophic Health Expenditures in Korea.
This study explored the impact of OA on household catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) in Korea. Methods: We used data on 5,200 households from the Korea Health Panel Survey in 2013 and estimated annual living expenses and out-of-pocket (OOP) payments. Household CHE was defined when a household's total OOP health payments exceeded 10%, 20%, 30%, or 40% of the household's capacity to pay. To compare the OOP payments of households with OA individuals and those without OA, OA households were matched 1:1 with households containing a member with other chronic disease such as neoplasm, hypertension, heart disease, cerebrova...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 22, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells and Growth Factor Therapy for Cerebral Palsy.
Authors: Cho KH, Kim M PMID: 29780298 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 22, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

National Trend of Uroflowmetry, Urodynamic Study and Cystoscopy Considering the Change in the Population Structure in Korea from 2010 to 2015.
Authors: Baek MJ, Park S, Kim KH, Kim YH, Kim WK, Sun HY, Kim JH Abstract Background: Although lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) show a higher prevalence with age, few studies have reported the trend of these examination tools including uroflowmetry, urodynamic study and cystoscopy. Methods: We evaluated the trend of performance of uroflowmetry, urodynamic study and cystoscopy by using National Health Insurance Data from 2010 to 2015. Primary outcome findings included cumulative number of patients per year, cumulative age-standardized patient rate per year and per age group, and correlation between the number...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Influence of Major Coping Strategies on Treatment Non-adherence and Severity of Comorbid Conditions in Hemodialysis Patients.
Conclusion: We should pay more attention to the CSs of hemodialysis patients and provide interventions that promote problem-focused CSs, especially for nonadherent patients with high comorbidity rates who mainly use a hopeful-thinking CS. PMID: 29760606 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Association between BMI for Obesity and Distress about Appearance in Korean Adolescents.
This study aimed to evaluate this relation between obesity and distress about appearance. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey for 288,390 participants assessed from 2009 to 2012. The participants were categorized according to body mass index; obese, overweight, healthy weight, and underweight. The relation between obesity and distress was analyzed using simple and multiple logistic regression with complex sampling adjusted for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, parental education level, alcohol consumption, and smoking habits as confou...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Calf Circumference as a Simple Screening Marker for Diagnosing Sarcopenia in Older Korean Adults: the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS).
Authors: Kim S, Kim M, Lee Y, Kim B, Yoon TY, Won CW Abstract Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the optimal cut-off point of calf circumference (CC) as a simple proxy marker of appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) and sarcopenia in the Korean elderly and to test the criterion-related validity of CC by analyzing its relationships with the physical function. Methods: The participants were 657 adults aged 70 to 84 years who had completed both dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and physical function test in the first baseline year of the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study. Results: ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Characteristics and Incidence Trends for Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Daegu-Kyungpook Province in Korea: a Multi-Center Study.
Conclusion: We found that the number of pediatric patients with IBD is increasing rapidly in Daegu-Kyungpook province in Korea. Our study also revealed that the characteristics of pediatric IBD in our province differ somewhat from those of pediatric IBD in Western countries. PMID: 29713253 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Long-term Survival Benefit of Statin in Patients with Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion without Revascularization.
Authors: Kim BS, Yang JH, Jang WJ, Song YB, Hahn JY, Choi JH, Choi KH, Kim SH, Chun WJ, Gwon HC, Choi SH Abstract Background: Limited data are available on the efficacy of statin therapy in stable ischemic heart disease with chronic total occlusion (CTO) without revascularization. We investigated whether statin therapy could be beneficial in stable patients with CTO without revascularization. Methods: From March 2003 to February 2012, 2,024 patients with at least one CTO were enrolled in a retrospective, single-center registry; 664 of these patients were managed conservatively without an initial revascularizati...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Who Really Benefits from 3D-Based Planning of Brachytherapy for Cervical Cancer?
Conclusion: These findings indicate that 3D-based ICR plans improve tumor coverage while satisfying the dose constraints for OARs. 3D-based ICR should be considered in patients with tumors> 4 cm size at the time of brachytherapy or> 5 cm initially. PMID: 29713255 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Primary Glomerulonephritis with Unique C4d Deposition and Concurrent Non-infectious Intermediate Uveitis: a Case Report and Literature Review.
We report a case of a 62-year-old man with C4 glomerulonephritis (GN) and uveitis. He presented to the nephrology department with proteinuria and hematuria. The patient also had intermediate uveitis along with proteinuria and hematuria. A kidney biopsy that was performed in light of continuing proteinuria and hematuria showed a focal proliferative, focal sclerotic glomerulopathy pattern on light microscopy, absent staining for immunoglobulin or C3 by immunofluorescence microscopy, with bright staining for C4d on immunohistochemistry, and electron-dense deposits on electron microscopy. Consequently, C4 GN was suggested as t...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Measuring Individual Performance with Comprehensive Bibliometric Reports as an Alternative to h-Index Values.
Authors: Bornmann L, Haunschild R Abstract The h-index is frequently used to measure the performance of single scientists in Korea (and beyond). No single indicator alone, however, is able to provide a stable and complete assessment of performance. The Stata command bibrep.ado is introduced which automatically produces bibliometric reports for single researchers (senior researchers working in the natural or life sciences). The user of the command receives a comprehensive bibliometric report which can be used in research evaluation instead of the h-index. PMID: 29713257 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Researcher and Author Impact Metrics: Variety, Value, and Context.
Authors: Gasparyan AY, Yessirkepov M, Duisenova A, Trukhachev VI, Kostyukova EI, Kitas GD Abstract Numerous quantitative indicators are currently available for evaluating research productivity. No single metric is suitable for comprehensive evaluation of the author-level impact. The choice of particular metrics depends on the purpose and context of the evaluation. The aim of this article is to overview some of the widely employed author impact metrics and highlight perspectives of their optimal use. The h-index is one of the most popular metrics for research evaluation, which is easy to calculate and understandable...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Prognostic Impact of Statins in Patients with Chronic Total Occlusion.
Authors: Choi CU PMID: 29713259 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 2, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Safety and Efficacy of Tolvaptan in Korean Patients with Hyponatremia Caused by the Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone.
Authors: Han SW, Yi JH, Kang KP, Kim HY, Kim SW, Choi HY, Ha SK, Kim GH, Kim YW, Jeong KH, Shin SK, Kim HJ Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of tolvaptan (TLV) in Korean patients with the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). METHODS: Of 51 enrolled patients with SIADH, 39 patients (16 female patients, aged 70.8 ± 11.3 years) were included in an intention to treat analysis. All patients received 15 mg/day as the initial dose, and the dose was then increased up to 60 mg/day (as needed) until day 4. RESULTS: Ser...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 11, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Trial Comparing a Combined Regimen of Amikacin and Ciprofloxacin to Ciprofloxacin Alone as Transrectal Prostate Biopsy Prophylaxis in the Era of High Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Rectal Flora.
CONCLUSION: Addition of amikacin to ciprofloxacin prophylaxis could not reduce infectious complications in patients with FQ-resistant rectal flora. Despite the amikacin sensitivity of infectious complications, single-dose amikacin addition to ciprofloxacin prophylaxis has limitations. PMID: 29629517 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 11, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Atypical Presentation of Pneumocystis jirovecii Infection in HIV Infected Patients: Three Different Manifestations.
We report three cases of PJI with atypical manifestations. Each case demonstrates different clinical features: multiple nodular pulmonary lesion (32-year-old man with abnormal chest X-ray finding), subpleural mass-like lesion (43-year-old man with left visual loss and right pleuritic chest pain), and extrapulmonary mass-like lesions in the liver, lymph nodes, and small bowel (39-year-old man with cough, sputum, and dyspnea). P. jirovecii was confirmed in all 3 cases and they were treated well. It is necessary to understand that PJI shows variable clinical features. PMID: 29629518 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 11, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Association between Parents' Country of Birth and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms: the Early Stages of Multicultural Society.
CONCLUSION: Adolescents whose parents were born abroad are more likely to have depressive symptoms. Multicultural family support policies should be implemented in consideration of the characteristics of the parents' country of birth. PMID: 29629519 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 11, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Training Effect on the Inter-observer Agreement in Endoscopic Diagnosis and Grading of Atrophic Gastritis according to Level of Endoscopic Experience.
CONCLUSION: Irrespective of experience level, inter-observer agreement for diagnosis and grading of EAG improved after training and remained stable after intervention. PMID: 29629520 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 11, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-expressing Lung Adenocarcinoma with Combined Neuroendocrine Component or Neuroendocrine Transformation: Implications for Neuroendocrine Transformation and Response to ALK-tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.
CONCLUSION: We suggest that ALK-rearranged adenocarcinoma with combined neuroendocrine component is responsive to ALK-TKIs. Moreover, even after neuroendocrine transformation as a result of resistance to ALK-TKIs, the tumor may have partial response to second generation ALK-TKIs. PMID: 29629521 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 11, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Trichloroethylene Hypersensitivity Syndrome: Should Be Considered When Diagnosing DRESS Syndrome.
Authors: Kang YJ, Lee J, Ahn J, Park S, Shin MY, Lee HW Abstract Trichloroethylene (TCE) is an organic solvent that is used for degreasing and removing impurities from metal parts. However, this solvent's characteristics and hypersensitivity can produce clinical patterns and laboratory data that mimic drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome. Thus, exposure confirmation is critical to making an accurate diagnosis. This is a case of TCE-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (TCE HS) in a 24-year-old Indonesian man who was working in an electro-plating business. He was admitted to a referral hos...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 4, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Analysis of Motion-dependent Clinical Outcome of Tumor Tracking Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer.
CONCLUSION: Our quantitative results revealed that toxicity related to SBRT treatment was highly sensitive to intra-fractional prostate movements, although local-tumor control was not affected by such movements. Our results demonstrate that precise motion correction is essential in prostate SBRT, even if it seems to be small. PMID: 29607633 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 4, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Bath-related Deaths in Korea between 2008-2015.
Authors: Yang K, Choi BH, Lee B, Yoo SH Abstract BACKGROUND: The diagnostic criteria for bathtub drownings are not standardized, and the risk factors associated with bath-related deaths are unclear. METHODS: We analyzed a Korean nationwide database of bath-related deaths that occurred between January 2008 and December 2015. Eighty-four cases were enrolled after reviewing 31,123 autopsy records. RESULTS: The subjects' ages ranged from 18 to 91 years, with a mean age ± standard deviation of 61.3 ± 16.0 years. Bath-related deaths in the winter were approximately 4.6-fold greater than those in the...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 4, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Estimated Prevalence of Adolescents with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Korea.
Authors: Kang Y, Park S, Kim S, Koh H Abstract BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become prevalent worldwide in the last decade. However, the recent prevalence of NAFLD in adolescents has not yet been investigated in Korea. METHODS: Data were obtained from 1,416 participants aged 10-18 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2010 and 2015. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), height, weight, waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), fasting glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), aspartate amino...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 4, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

The Quality of Life of Hemodialysis Patients Is Affected Not Only by Medical but also Psychosocial Factors: a Canonical Correlation Study.
This study aimed to determine the relationship among psychosocial factors, medical factors, and QoL in patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: In total, 55 male and 47 female patients were evaluated (mean age, 57.1 ± 12.0 years). The QoL was evaluated using the Korean version of World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Abbreviated Version. The psychosocial factors were evaluated using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Zarit Burden Interview. The medical factors ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 4, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Erratum: Correction of Author Order: Reduced Mortality by Physician-Staffed HEMS Dispatch for Adult Blunt Trauma Patients in Korea.
Authors: Huh Y, Lee JC, Kim Y, Moon J, Youn SH, Kim J, Kim TY, Kim J, Kim H, Jung K Abstract This corrects the article on p. 1656 in vol. 31, PMID: 27550497. PMID: 29607637 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 4, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Potential Role of Psychosocial Factors on Health-Related Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients.
Authors: Lee SW PMID: 29607638 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - April 4, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions Induced by Triamcinolone in a Patient with Atopic Dermatitis.
Authors: Son JH, Park SY, Cho YS, Chung BY, Kim HO, Park CW Abstract Corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic agents used in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, including allergic disease. They are frequently considered the therapy-of-choice for many skin diseases. However, allergic reactions caused by corticosteroids have been reported. Among these, delayed reactions to topical steroids are more common, whereas immediate reactions to systemic steroids are rare. Herein, we report the case of a 32-year-old woman with triamcinolone-induced immediate hypersensitivity reaction, in whic...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - March 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Effects of Mindfulness-Based Art Therapy on Psychological Symptoms in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the treatment effects of MBAT for CAD patients. METHODS: A total of 44 CAD patients were selected as participants, 21 patients belonged to a MBAT group, and 23 patients belonged to the control group. The patients in the MBAT group were given 12 sessions of treatments. To measure depression and anxiety, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Trait Anxiety Inventory (TAI) were used. Anger and anger expression were evaluated using the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). The treatment results were analyzed using two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - March 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Awareness and Acceptance of HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis among Medical Personnel and Men Who Have Sex with Men in Korea.
CONCLUSION: Our study showed that PrEP is required among MSM in Korea; however, most MP were not aware of PrEP. Lack of insurance coverage and knowledge regarding PrEP were major hindrances in the access to PrEP; therefore, further studies on how to make PrEP information more accessible are needed to help prevent HIV infection. PMID: 29542300 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - March 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Systematic Reviews: Challenges for Their Justification, Related Comprehensive Searches, and Implications.
Authors: Misra DP, Agarwal V PMID: 29542301 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - March 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

HbA1c Cutoff for Prediabetes and Diabetes Based on Oral Glucose Tolerance Test in Obese Children and Adolescents.
CONCLUSION: Pediatric criteria for HbA1c remain unclear, therefore, we recommend the combination of fasting and 2-hour glucose levels, in addition to HbA1c, in the diagnosis of childhood prediabetes and diabetes. PMID: 29542302 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - March 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Mathematical Modeling for Scrub Typhus and Its Implications for Disease Control.
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the effect of controlling either rodents or mites could be limited, and reducing the contact rate between humans and mites is more practical and effective strategy. However, the current level of control would be insufficient relative to the growing mite population. PMID: 29542303 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - March 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Follow-up Creatinine Level Is an Important Predictive Factor of In-hospital Mortality in Cirrhotic Patients with Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis.
Authors: Jun BG, Lee WC, Jang JY, Jeong SW, Kim YD, Cheon GJ, Lee YN, Kim SG, Kim YS, Cho YS, Lee SH, Kim HS Abstract BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the severe complications of liver cirrhosis. Early detection of high-risk patients is essential for prognostic improvement. The aim of this study is to investigate the predictive factors related to in-hospital mortality in patients with SBP. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 233 SBP patients (181 males, 52 females) who were admitted to four tertiary referral hospitals between August 2002 and February 2013. The patients' labor...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - March 16, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

The Legal Doctrine on the Liability of Physicians in Medical Malpractice Lawsuits Involving Complex Regional Pain Syndrome.
CONCLUSION: Nerve injury was the most frequent reason for taking responsibility in compensating damage in malpractice cases involving CRPS. Physicians should consider various possibilities of such complications in medical practices. It is important to identify and improve areas which need to be improved for patient safety through analyzing the lawsuit judgment cases. PMID: 29441736 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 15, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research