Coexisting Spine Lesions on Whole Spine T2 Sagittal MRI in Evaluating Spinal Degenerative Disease
CONCLUSION: Considering the minimal extra time and cost in performing whole spine screening, its application to routine spine MRI can be considered in evaluating cervical and lumbar spinal degenerative diseases.PMID:33619916 | PMC:PMC7900531 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e48 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jae Hong Ha Ji Ho Lee Jae Hyup Lee Source Type: research

The Effect of Long-lasting Permethrin Impregnated Socks on Tick Bite in Korea
CONCLUSION: The tick bite rate was not different between the two groups, but the tick bite rate of lower extremities of LLPI was significantly lower than general groups. Further study is needed to investigate the effect of LLPI clothes with larger populations.PMID:33619917 | PMC:PMC7900532 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e49 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Mi Ah Han Choon Mee Kim Na Ra Yun Dong Min Kim Sun Mi Park Hyoju Kim Hwan Ho Shin Source Type: research

Surgical Impacts of Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine
CONCLUSION: Postoperative chemotherapy was the most critical factor in OS of patients with metastatic NSCLC to the spine. An extensive surgical procedure (corpectomy/spondylectomy) with stabilization also could be beneficial for limited patients with spinal metastasis of NSCLC.PMID:33619918 | PMC:PMC7900527 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e52 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jong Myung Jung Seung Jae Hyun Ki Jeong Kim Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Intracranial Injury Caused by Falls at Home in Korea Using Data from the Emergency Department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance (2011-2018)
CONCLUSION: In this study, we identified the risk factors of ICI caused by falls at home using ED-based injury surveillance data. The risk of ICI was different among places of occurrence in the home depending on the age groups and sex.PMID:33619919 | PMC:PMC7900530 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e53 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Won Il Na Ju Ok Park Gyu Chong Cho Eui Jung Lee Soon Joo Wang Hang A Park Source Type: research

Preparing for the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Vaccination: Evidence, Plans, and Implications
J Korean Med Sci. 2021 Feb 22;36(7):e59. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e59.ABSTRACTThe formation of herd immunity through vaccination is a key point in overcoming the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. To acquire herd immunity, a high vaccination rate is required, which is necessary to instill confidence in the public regarding the effectiveness and safety of the vaccine. In the real-world setting, thorough preparation of components, such as priority setting, vaccine delivery, logistics, and side-effect monitoring is necessary to overcome vaccine hesitancy. Each country prioritizes vaccination since healthcare worke...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jaehun Jung Source Type: research

Appreciation to Reviewers for the < em > Journal of Korean Medical Science < /em > in 2020
J Korean Med Sci. 2021 Feb 22;36(7):e60. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e60.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33619921 | PMC:PMC7900529 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e60 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Sung Tae Hong Source Type: research

Coexisting Spine Lesions on Whole Spine T2 Sagittal MRI in Evaluating Spinal Degenerative Disease
CONCLUSION: Considering the minimal extra time and cost in performing whole spine screening, its application to routine spine MRI can be considered in evaluating cervical and lumbar spinal degenerative diseases.PMID:33619916 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e48 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jae Hong Ha Ji Ho Lee Jae Hyup Lee Source Type: research

The Effect of Long-lasting Permethrin Impregnated Socks on Tick Bite in Korea
CONCLUSION: The tick bite rate was not different between the two groups, but the tick bite rate of lower extremities of LLPI was significantly lower than general groups. Further study is needed to investigate the effect of LLPI clothes with larger populations.PMID:33619917 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e49 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Mi Ah Han Choon Mee Kim Na Ra Yun Dong Min Kim Sun Mi Park Hyoju Kim Hwan Ho Shin Source Type: research

Surgical Impacts of Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine
CONCLUSION: Postoperative chemotherapy was the most critical factor in OS of patients with metastatic NSCLC to the spine. An extensive surgical procedure (corpectomy/spondylectomy) with stabilization also could be beneficial for limited patients with spinal metastasis of NSCLC.PMID:33619918 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e52 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jong Myung Jung Seung Jae Hyun Ki Jeong Kim Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Intracranial Injury Caused by Falls at Home in Korea Using Data from the Emergency Department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance (2011-2018)
CONCLUSION: In this study, we identified the risk factors of ICI caused by falls at home using ED-based injury surveillance data. The risk of ICI was different among places of occurrence in the home depending on the age groups and sex.PMID:33619919 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e53 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Won Il Na Ju Ok Park Gyu Chong Cho Eui Jung Lee Soon Joo Wang Hang A Park Source Type: research

Preparing for the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Vaccination: Evidence, Plans, and Implications
J Korean Med Sci. 2021 Feb 22;36(7):e59. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e59.ABSTRACTThe formation of herd immunity through vaccination is a key point in overcoming the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. To acquire herd immunity, a high vaccination rate is required, which is necessary to instill confidence in the public regarding the effectiveness and safety of the vaccine. In the real-world setting, thorough preparation of components, such as priority setting, vaccine delivery, logistics, and side-effect monitoring is necessary to overcome vaccine hesitancy. Each country prioritizes vaccination since healthcare worke...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jaehun Jung Source Type: research

Appreciation to Reviewers for the < em > Journal of Korean Medical Science < /em > in 2020
J Korean Med Sci. 2021 Feb 22;36(7):e60. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e60.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33619921 | DOI:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e60 (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 23, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Sung Tae Hong Source Type: research

Validation of Olfactory Questionnaire in Koreans: an Alternative for Conventional Psychophysical Olfactory Tests.
This study aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire for olfactory function that can be readily used to evaluate olfactory loss. METHODS: Fourteen smell-related questions were created based on smells familiar to Koreans. Among them, questions with a κ value of 0.6 or higher were finally selected through a test-retest reliability analysis. The correlations between the scores of the olfactory questionnaire and those of olfactory function tests (Butanol Threshold Test [BTT] and Cross Cultural Smell Identification Test [CCSIT]) were analyzed. To evaluate the predictive ability of the questionnaire and elicit cuto...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 10, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Current Status of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Korea.
CONCLUSION: Among CPGs developed in Korea in the last 5 years, the proportion adhering to CPG development standards has increased, but there is still room for improvement. PMID: 33559406 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 10, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Long-term Prognosis of Mild to Moderate Aortic Stenosis and Coronary Artery Disease.
Authors: Lee W, Choi W, Kang SH, Hwang IC, Choi HM, Yoon YE, Cho GY Abstract BACKGROUND: There is an incomplete understanding of the natural course of mild to moderate aortic stenosis (AS). We aimed to evaluate the natural course of patients with mild to moderate AS and its association with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 787 patients diagnosed with mild to moderate AS using echocardiography between 2004 and 2010. Cardiac death and aortic valve replacement (AVR) for AS were assessed. RESULTS: A median follow-up period was 92 months. Compared to the general population, pat...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 10, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Motor Asymmetry and Interocular Retinal Thickness in Parkinson's Disease.
CONCLUSION: In the PD patients, the interocular asymmetry of mRT was larger than in the controls, and the motor symptoms were asymmetric. Additionally, the interocular asymmetry of mRT showed a significant correlation with motor-symptom laterality. PMID: 33559408 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 10, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

What We Do Know and Do Not Yet Know about COVID-19 Vaccines as of the Beginning of the Year 2021.
Authors: Yoo JH Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which started at the end of 2019 and has spread worldwide, has remained unabated in 2021. Since non-pharmaceutical interventions including social distancing are facing limitations in controlling COVID-19, additional absolute means to change the trend are necessary. To this end, coronavirus-specific antiviral drugs and vaccines are urgently needed, but for now, the priority is to promote herd immunity through extensive nationwide vaccination campaign. In addition to the vaccines based on the conventional technology such inactivated or killed virus or prot...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 10, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

The Impact of Erosive Reflux Esophagitis on the Decline of Lung Function in the General Population.
CONCLUSION: In patients with normal lung function, the presence of erosive reflux esophagitis did not affect the annual declines in FEV₁ or FVC. PMID: 33527781 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 3, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Self-Transcendence Mediates the Relationship between Early Trauma and Fatal Methods of Suicide Attempts.
CONCLUSION: Self-transcendence may mediate the relationship between early trauma and fatal methods of suicide attempt. Self-transcendence may be associated with unhealthy defenses and suicidal behavior for self-punishment and may constitute a marker of higher suicide risk. PMID: 33527782 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 3, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Preparing Infographics for Post-publication Promotion of Research on Social Media.
Authors: Joshi M, Gupta L Abstract Infographics are pictorial representations of information intended to disseminate information quickly and clearly. Their use has increased in the past decade due to wider and easy access to technology. Infographics are being increasingly used for public advisories, disseminating protocols for healthcare professionals, and post-publication promotion of research. Due to their potential to rapidly reach a vast audience, these have gained larger importance during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Two key aspects determine the quality of infographics, content and visual appeal. In...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 3, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Altered Influenza Vaccination Coverage and Related Factors in Pregnant Women in Korea from 2007 to 2019.
CONCLUSION: The influenza vaccination coverage rate in pregnant women has increased significantly since our study in 2006-2007. However, further improvement in the coverage rate is needed. There is a need for active and comprehensive publicity and education regarding this issue among physicians and pregnant women. PMID: 33527784 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 3, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Impact of Atrial Fibrillation on Survival in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease: a Retrospective Population-based Study.
Authors: Jang SY, Huh J, Kim EK, Chang SA, Song J, Kang IS, Park SW Abstract BACKGROUND: The number of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) with atrial fibrillation (AF) is expected to increase. We sought to assess the impact of AF on survival in Korean ACHD. METHODS: Records of AF in ACHD were extracted from the records of the Korea National Health Insurance Service from 2006 through 2015. Multiple Cox proportional hazards analyses were carried out after adjustment for age, sex, income level, AF, and comorbidities. Survival rates (SRs) with and without AF were compared. The death records from 2006 throu...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 3, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak on Trends in Emergency Department Utilization in Children: a Multicenter Retrospective Observational Study in Seoul Metropolitan Area, Korea.
Authors: Choi DH, Jung JY, Suh D, Choi JY, Lee SU, Choi YJ, Kwak YH, Kim DK Abstract BACKGROUND: Understanding the changes in emergency department (ED) visit patterns during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is important for effectively operating EDs during the pandemic. We aimed to analyze the changes in pediatric ED visits during the COVID-19 pandemic and examine the relationship between the number of ED visits and the stringency of government social distancing measures. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study used data of pediatric (age
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 3, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Limited Benefit of Facility Isolation and the Rationale for Home Care in Children with Mild COVID-19.
In this study, we assessed the usefulness of facility isolation and the transmissibility of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 by infected children to uninfected caregivers in isolation units at a hospital and a residential treatment center in Seoul during August-November 2020. Fifty-three children were included and median age was 4 years (range, 0-18). All were mildly ill or asymptomatic and isolated for a median duration of 12 days. Thirty percent stayed home longer than 2 days before entering isolation units from symptom onset. Among 15 uninfected caregivers, none became infected when they used facemasks an...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 3, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Quantitative Assessment of Chest CT Patterns in COVID-19 and Bacterial Pneumonia Patients: a Deep Learning Perspective.
CONCLUSION: Deep chest CT analysis with constructed lesion clusters revealed well-known COVID-19 CT manifestations comparable to manual CT analysis. The constructed histogram features improved accuracy for both diseases and severity classification, and showed correlations with laboratory data and clinical parameters. The constructed histogram features can provide guidance for improved analysis and treatment of COVID-19. PMID: 33527788 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - February 3, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Management of Women with Antiphospholipid Antibodies or Antiphospholipid Syndrome during Pregnancy.
Authors: Lee EE, Jun JK, Lee EB Abstract Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), which is characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), is associated with increased risk of thrombosis and obstetric complications, including preterm delivery and recurrent pregnancy losses. APS shows diverse clinical manifestations and the risk of complications varies among clinical subtypes. Although these patients are usually treated with aspirin and anticoagulants, the optimal treatment in various clinical settings is unclear, as the risk of complications vary among clinical subtypes and the management strategy depen...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Prenatal Aneuploidy Screening and Diagnostic Testing from Korean Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine: (2) Invasive Diagnostic Testing for Fetal Chromosomal Abnormalities.
Authors: Lee JY, Kwon JY, Na S, Choe SA, Seol HJ, Kim M, Kim MA, Park CW, Kim K, Ryu HM, Hwang HS, Shim JY Abstract The Korean Society of Maternal Fetal Medicine proposed the first Korean guideline on prenatal aneuploidy screening and diagnostic testing, in April 2019. The clinical practice guideline (CPG) was developed for Korean women using an adaptation process based on good-quality practice guidelines, previously developed in other countries, on prenatal screening and invasive diagnostic testing for fetal chromosome abnormalities. We reviewed current guidelines and developed a Korean CPG on invasive diagnostic ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Prenatal Aneuploidy Screening and Diagnostic Testing from Korean Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine: (1) Prenatal Aneuploidy Screening.
This article delineates clinical practice guidelines specifically for maternal serum screening for fetal aneuploidy and cell-free DNA (cfDNA) screening. A total of 19 key questions (12 for maternal serum and 7 for cfDNA screening) were defined. The main recommendations are: 1) Pregnant women should be informed of common fetal aneuploidy that can be detected, risks for chromosomal abnormality according to the maternal age, detection rate and false positive rate for common fetal aneuploidy with each screening test, limitations, as well as the benefits and risks of invasive diagnostic testing, 2) It is ideal to give counselin...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Perspectives of Ketamine Use in COVID-19 Patients.
Authors: Weinbroum AA Abstract Hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-infected patients suffer from both physical impairments and mental stress. Respiratory insufficiency and cardiovascular disturbances require most of the intensive care interventions, but they are also accompanied by depressive conditions, sadness and fear of dying. Sedatives are mostly respiratory and cardiovascular depressants and do not provide resistance to the pro-inflammatory burst induced by the virus. Ketamine is a unique and safe drug that enables well-controlled sedation and anesthesia, attenuates depression and mitigates suici...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Social Media for Scholarly Communication in Central Asia and Its Neighbouring Countries.
Authors: Gaur PS, Gupta L Abstract The current digital era has led to a surge in the use of Social Media in academia. Worldwide connectivity has brought to the fore a scarce participation of Central Asia and adjoining regions in scientific discussions. Global perspectives in science may not be recorded due to such communication disparities. An equal representation of all ethnic groups is essential to have a rounded picture of the topic at hand. The extent of use of social media platforms in various regions is determined by social, economic, religious, political, cultural and ethnic factors, which may limit particip...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Epidemiologic Linkage of COVID-19 Outbreaks at Two University-affiliated Hospitals in the Seoul Metropolitan Area in March 2020.
CONCLUSION: WGS is a useful tool to understand epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2. It is the first study to elucidate the role of patient transfer and caregivers as links of nosocomial outbreaks of COVID-19 in multiple hospitals. PMID: 33496089 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Regional and Chronological Variation of Chemosensory Dysfunction in COVID-19: a Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Kim JW, Han SC, Jo HD, Cho SW, Kim JY Abstract BACKGROUND: Olfactory and gustatory dysfunction are frequently reported in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the reported prevalence of olfactory and/or gustatory dysfunction varies widely, and the reason for the inter-study differences is unclear. Hence, in this meta-analysis, we performed subgroup analyses to investigate the factors that contribute to the inter-study variability in the prevalence of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. METHODS: Out of 943 citations, we included 55 eligible studies with 13,527 patients with COVID...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Erratum: Correction of Affiliations in the Article "Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Outcomes in Children, Adolescents, and Young-adults with Hodgkin's Lymphoma: a KPHOG Lymphoma Working-party, Multicenter, Retrospective Study".
Erratum: Correction of Affiliations in the Article "Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Outcomes in Children, Adolescents, and Young-adults with Hodgkin's Lymphoma: a KPHOG Lymphoma Working-party, Multicenter, Retrospective Study". J Korean Med Sci. 2021 Jan 25;36(4):e37 Authors: Lee JM, Choi JY, Hong KT, Kang HJ, Shin HY, Baek HJ, Kook H, Kim S, Lee JW, Chung NG, Cho B, Cho SG, Park KM, Yang EJ, Lim YT, Suh JK, Kang SH, Kim H, Koh KN, Im HJ, Seo JJ, Cho HW, Ju HY, Lee JW, Yoo KH, Sung KW, Koo HH, Park KD, Hah JO, Kim MK, Han JW, Hahn SM, Lyu CJ, Shim YJ, Kim HS, Do YR, Yoo JW, Lim YJ, Jeon IS, Ch...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 27, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Safety and Utility of Rush Immunotherapy with Aqueous Allergen Extracts for Treatment of Respiratory Allergies.
Authors: Lee JH, Choi JH, Jeong KB, Lee SJ, Lee MK, Lee WY, Yong SJ, Kim SH Abstract BACKGROUND: Generally, allergen immunotherapy must be administered for three to five years. Meanwhile, rush immunotherapy (RIT) shortens the required duration for the build-up phase, thereby improving the therapy's convenience compared with conventional immunotherapy (CIT). However, RIT is often performed with modified allergens. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the safety and utility of RIT with aqueous allergens. METHODS: Medical records of 98 patients sensitized with at least one inhalant allergen who had received ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 20, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Association of Participation in Health Check-ups with Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases.
CONCLUSION: Subjects who participated in periodic health check-ups had fewer CVD-related risk factors than non-participants. Thus, health care providers should encourage non-participants to attend periodic health check-ups so that appropriate interventions can be implemented and decrease the risk for CVDs in these individuals. PMID: 33463093 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 20, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Meaning and Status of Health-related Quality of Life Recognized by Medical Professionals: a Qualitative Study.
CONCLUSION: Medical professionals in Korea were mainly criticizing about health-related quality of life problems caused by their work characteristics. The results of this study will provide valuable information for future health-related quality of life surveys targeting medical professionals in Korea, and also help to determine the method for monitoring the health-related quality of life for health professionals. In addition, the aspects and items identified by medical professionals as important for their health-related quality of life may be used as a basis for developing a new health-related quality of life measurement t...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 20, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

The Impact of the Coronavirus Disease-2019 Pandemic on Childhood Obesity and Vitamin D Status.
This study was performed to investigate changes in anthropometric and metabolic parameters in children following a 6-month period of social distancing and school closure due to the pandemic. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in school-aged children that were on routine follow-up at the Growth Clinic of Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. Changes in body mass index (BMI) standard deviation scores (z-scores), lipid profiles, and vitamin D levels were investigated. The 1-year period prior to school closure was defined as "pre-COVID-19 period," and the subsequent 6-month period as "COVID-19 perio...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 20, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Analysis of Staphylococcus aureus in Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome among Children in Korea.
CONCLUSION: S. aureus isolated from children with SSSS in Korea demonstrated a high prevalence of methicillin-resistant ST89 clones that harbored the etb gene. The predominance of MRSA suggests that antibiotics to which MRSA are susceptible may be considered for empirical antibiotic treatment in children with SSSS in Korea. Further studies on the role and effectiveness of systemic antibiotics in SSSS are warranted. PMID: 33463096 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 20, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Informed Consent for Scholarly Articles during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
This article looks into increasing the awareness of physicians and researchers about ethical issues that need to be addressed to provide optimal care for patients while assuring their integrity and confidentiality. PMID: 33463097 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 20, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

The Psychological Burden of COVID-19 Stigma: Evaluation of the Mental Health of Isolated Mild Condition COVID-19 Patients.
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that social mitigation of COVID-19 related stigma, as well as care of patients with pre-existing mental health problems are important mental health measures during this crisis period. It is also important that clinical guidelines and public health policies be well balanced over the protection of the public and those quarantined to minimize the negative psychosocial consequences from isolation of the patients. PMID: 33463098 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 20, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Erratum: Correction of Text in the Article "Pediatric Emergency Department Utilization and Coronavirus Disease in Daegu, Korea".
Erratum: Correction of Text in the Article "Pediatric Emergency Department Utilization and Coronavirus Disease in Daegu, Korea". J Korean Med Sci. 2021 Jan 18;36(3):e32 Authors: Jang KM, Ahn JY, Choi HJ, Lee S, Kim D, Lee DW, Choe JY Abstract This corrects the article on p. e11 in vol. 36, PMID: 33398945. PMID: 33463099 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - January 20, 2021 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Cell-type-specific Modulation of Non-homologous End Joining of Gamma Ray-induced DNA Double-strand Breaks by cAMP Signaling in Human Cancer Cells.
CONCLUSION: cAMP signaling modulates the NHEJ repair of γ-ray-induced DNA damage in melanoma cells, uterine cervical cancer cells and lung cancer cells in a cell-type-specific manner, and the modulation is likely mediated by protein kinase A-dependent phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs. This study suggests that cell- and tissue-specific modulation of DNA damage repair by cAMP signaling may contribute to improve the therapeutic efficiency of radiation therapy. PMID: 33316855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Hypertension-Mediated Organ Damage and Long-term Cardiovascular Outcomes in Asian Hypertensive Patients without Prior Cardiovascular Disease.
Authors: Oh JS, Lee CH, Park JI, Park HK, Hwang JK Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypertension-mediated organ damage (HMOD), comprising structural and functional changes in arteries or end organs, is a marker of cardiovascular (CV) disease. However, there are limited data on evaluation of risk of CV disease regarding HMOD, especially in Asians. We sought to investigate the association between CV events and HMOD, and we tried to determine the most important diagnostic marker among the component of HMOD for prevention of mortality and CV events in treated Korean hypertensive patients. METHODS: From January 2008 to December...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Tandem High-dose Chemotherapy without Craniospinal Irradiation in Treatment of Non-metastatic Malignant Brain Tumors in Very Young Children.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that non-metastatic malignant brain tumors in very young children could be treated with multimodal therapy including tandem HDCT/auto-SCT while minimizing RT, particularly craniospinal RT. PMID: 33316857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Varicella Pneumonia in an Immunocompetent Young Adult in the Vaccine Era.
Authors: Kim SH, Lee SH PMID: 33316858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Changing Patterns of Medical Visits and Factors Associated with No-show in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis during COVID-19 Pandemic.
Authors: Kim Y, Ahn E, Lee S, Lim DH, Kim A, Lee SG, So MW Abstract BACKGROUND: The main barrier to the effective rheumatoid arthritis (RA) therapy is poor adherence. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have led to a significant change in the pattern and the number of medical visits. We assessed changing patterns of medical visits and no-show, and identified factors associated with no-show in patients with RA during COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: RA patients treated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs at least 6 months who had been in remission or those with mild disease activity were observed for ...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

COVID-19 Outbreak and Presymptomatic Transmission in Pilgrim Travelers Who Returned to Korea from Israel.
CONCLUSION: To prevent transmission of COVID-19, we need to focus on presymptomatic and asymptomatic cases, and massive testing for SARS-CoV-2 is required. More research about the possibility of presymptomatic transmission over 2 days before symptom onset is required. PMID: 33316860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Erratum: Correction of Author Name and Affiliation in the Article "Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Current Applications and Issues".
Erratum: Correction of Author Name and Affiliation in the Article "Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Current Applications and Issues". J Korean Med Sci. 2020 Dec 14;35(48):e425 Authors: Park CW, Seo SW, Kang N, Ko B, Choi BW, Park CM, Chang DK, Kim H, Kim H, Lee H, Jang J, Ye JC, Jeon JH, Seo JB, Kim KJ, Jung KH, Kim N, Paek S, Shin SY, Yoo S, Choi YS, Kim Y, Yoon HJ PMID: 33316861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

The Relationships among Media Usage Regarding COVID-19, Knowledge about Infection, and Anxiety: Structural Model Analysis.
CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated significant effects of mass media coverage regarding COVID-19 on fear, prejudice, and anxiety. While knowledge about COVID-19 could decrease fear, prejudice, and anxiety, the use of mass media did not enhance this knowledge. Medical societies should guide mass media reporting of COVID-19 and provide appropriate public education. PMID: 33316862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Intraprocedural Rerupture during Embolization of Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms.
CONCLUSION: Aneurysms with irregular morphology, aneurysms ≤ 3.4 mm in diameter, time from onset to intervention> 2 days and cerebral vasospasm during embolization are independent risk factors for IPR during coil embolization of ruptured aneurysms. More attention should be paid to the factors increasing the risk of IPR in patients with ruptured aneurysms so as to minimize this complication. PMID: 33316863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science)
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - December 15, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research