Anterior temporal approach for clipping of ruptured basilar tip aneurysms: Surgical techniques and treatment outcomes.
Conclusion: With appropriate case selection, the anterior temporal approach was effective and safe for the clipping of ruptured BT aneurysms. PMID: 32637199 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Analysis of twisted internal carotid arteries in carotid endarterectomy.
Conclusion: Twisted ICA was preferentially found in the right ICA and men. CEA of the twisted ICA was safely performed with appropriate head rotation and wider longitudinal skin incision than usual without a significant increase in the operative time. CTA is useful for preoperative evaluation. This specific variation should be considered by the neurosurgeon involved in the evaluation and treatment of carotid stenoses. PMID: 32637200 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Comparison of two different titanium cranioplasty methods: Custom-made titanium prostheses versus precurved titanium mesh.
Conclusion: Custom-made cranioplasty obtained better results and we would suggest that this should be a first choice, particularly for young patients with a large cranial defect. Precurved mesh was cheaper and useful for single-stage resection-reconstruction. Depending on the individual conditions, both prostheses have their place in cranioplasty therapies. PMID: 32637201 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Report of intradural aneurysm in the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage and oculomotor palsy.
Conclusion: Intradural rupture of proximal cavernous segment carotid aneurysms is rare. We review the literate for such cases and discuss the possible causes. PMID: 32637202 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A case of dual three-column thoracic spinal fractures following traumatic injury.
Conclusion: This case illustrates the rare presentation of noncontiguous, posttraumatic thoracic spinal lesions requiring simultaneous decompression/fixation. PMID: 32637203 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Isolated neuroparacoccidioidomycosis as a pseudotumoral lesion in the absence of systemic disease.
Conclusion: PCM can be a serious, debilitating disease and is potentially fatal. Although isolated CNS involvement is rare, it must be considered, especially in endemic areas, as late diagnosis and treatment severely decreases good outcome rates. PMID: 32637204 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intramedullary craniovertebral junction metastasis leading to the diagnosis of underlying renal cell carcinoma.
Conclusion: The present case highlights that a patient without a prior known diagnosis of RCC may present with an intramedullary C1-C2 metastasis. In such cases, global staging is critical to determine whether primary lesion resection versus excision of metastases (e.g., in this case, the C1-C2 intramedullary tumor) are warranted. PMID: 32637205 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Unique Bone Suture Anchor Repair of Complex Lumbar Cerebrospinal Fluid Fistulas.
Conclusions: Here, we reviewed how to directly suture dural grafts utilizing a mini/micro bone suture anchor technique to repair complex intraoperative primary/recurrent DT occurring during lumbar spine surgery. The major advantages of this technique, in addition to obtaining definitive occlusion of the DT, largely avoids the need to place lumbar drains and/or lumbo-peritoneal shunts with their attendant risks and complications. PMID: 32637206 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Effect of intravenous lignocaine infusion on the quality of emergence in patients undergoing transsphenoidal resection of pituitary tumors - A prospective, randomized controlled trial.
Conclusion: Intraoperative lignocaine infusion of 1.5 mg/kg/h did not significantly improve the QOE with respect to hemodynamics, cough, and emergence agitation in patients undergoing transsphenoidal resection of pituitary tumors. PMID: 32637207 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Atypical sellar cyst: A rare case.
Conclusion: Sellar cysts present similarly. They are differentiated based on their histological features. The sellar cyst we encountered had features different from the ones already described in the literature. PMID: 32637208 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Risk of fatal sinus arrest induced by low-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage: A case of a young patient with obstructive sleep apnea.
Conclusion: Acceleration of sympathetic nervous activity caused by acute SAH may predispose patients to bradyarrhythmia with SAS and elicit asystole. The coexistence of SAS and SAH should be recognized as a cause of life-threatening sinus arrest, even if the severity of SAH is low grade. PMID: 32637209 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma mimicking a stroke - A case report.
Conclusion: tPA treatment is frequently used as first-line therapy for acute ischemic stroke. Therefore, physicians should be aware of the potential for the SCEH in patients presenting with hemiparesis, as tPA administration may increase cervical hematoma leading to clinical deterioration. With this case, we intended to warn about SCEH as a rare but possible entity, since its early recognition and prompt clinical intervention may improve neurological outcomes. PMID: 32637210 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Management of a large intraorbital wooden foreign body: Case report.
Conclusion: The management of intraorbital wooden foreign bodies demands a multidisciplinary approach after a thorough history, examination, and imaging. Treatment of choice is timely and meticulous removal of the foreign body to avoid infection and other associated complications. PMID: 32637211 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Isolated painless scoliosis in lumbar disc herniation.
Authors: Akhaddar A, Arabi H PMID: 32637212 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Diagnosis, and Treatment of Cervical Epidural Abscess and/or Cervical Vertebral Osteomyelitis with or without Retropharyngeal Abscess; A Review.
Conclusion: We analyzed 11 case studies and 6 multiple case series regarding the diagnosis and treatment of combinations of cervical CSEA, and/or VO with or without RPA. We also reviewed 8 articles on the evaluation/ management of all-level SEAs and/or VOs, along with the unique features of RPAs. PMID: 32637213 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intracerebral steal phenomenon induced focal reversible vasogenic edema and decrease in cerebral blood flow after carotid endarterectomy.
Conclusion: In this report, we described the case of a patient with ISP who had vasogenic edema induced by CBF decline and presented with hemiparesis following CEA. This is the first report of progressing focal vasogenic edema caused by ISP after endarterectomy. PMID: 32637214 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Technical note: In Mexico, the majority of 147 traumatic spinal cord injuries occurred in the thoracic spine for young males.
Conclusion: In Mexico, the majority of TSCI occur in young males (average age 38) who have sustained falls from significant heights resulting in thoracic fractures with a high frequency of chest injuries. By providing such information for developing countries, we may develop future strategies to TSCI in vulnerable populations. PMID: 32637215 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Dynamic assessment of internal carotid artery and elongated styloid process in a case of bilateral carotid artery dissection.
Conclusion: We showed that repeated attachment of the styloid process and ICA may trigger an ICA dissection during head rotation. This finding would be helpful for understanding the causes of vascular Eagle syndrome. PMID: 32637216 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Paramedian thalamic infarction caused by cisternal drain placement in open clipping for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: Two case reports.
Conclusion: To avoid these complications, neurosurgeons should consider the potential for P1 perforator injury related to cisternal drain placement. PMID: 32637217 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A sellar neuroblastoma showing rapid growth and causing syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone: A case report.
Conclusion: Awareness of rare sellar neuroblastomas will allow the accumulation of clinicopathologic information that may facilitate the understanding of their origin, clinical features, neuroimaging characteristics, and pertinent adjuvant treatment. PMID: 32637218 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Primary myxoid temporal bone tumor: A rare neurosurgical manifestation of Carney complex?
Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, there have been no reports of the primary myxoid tumors in the skull in the patients with CNC. This paper highlighted a possible important association between CNC and primary intracranial myxoid tumors. PMID: 32637219 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Outcome of cranial firearm injuries in civilian population based on a novel classification system.
Conclusion: Surgical intervention has no significant benefit over conservative management on long-term mortality and should be limited to patients with large intracranial hematomas and intraventricular hematomas causing hydrocephalus. PMID: 32637220 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Symptomatic cerebral vasospasm in the setting of carmustine wafer placement for glioblastoma: A case presentation and review of literature.
Conclusion: We urge surgeons to reconsider placement of carmustine wafers in nations where the surgical resection cavity includes exposed large cerebral vasculature. We also propose the early identification of this devastating complication in the postoperative period by maintaining a high clinical suspicion and prompt utilization of computed tomography and digital subtraction angiography in the management and treatment of these patients accordingly. PMID: 32637221 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Comparative metrics of neurosurgical scientific journals: What do they mean to readers?
Conclusions: There needs to be more than one type of metric that measures the value and "Impact" of a scientific paper based on how physicians learn. PMID: 32637222 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Optimum concentration of iodine contrast agent injection for best stent visualization using Neuroform Atlas stent during stent-assisted coil embolization: Case reviews based on in vitro experiments.
Conclusion: Based on our in vitro experiments, with 5-8% concentration, Neuroform Atlas stent deployment with complete neck coverage by the bulging stent and wall apposition was visualized on 3D-CBCT. PMID: 32637223 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance imaging findings in intervertebral disc herniation: Comparison of canal compromise and canal size in patients with and without cauda equina syndrome.
Conclusion: The 52 patients with CES due to IDH had greater canal compromise versus 56 without CES. Further, the percentage of canal compromise was less at L4-L5 and L5-S1 levels compared to other levels in patients with CES. PMID: 32637224 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Combined Type 1 and 2 split cord malformations, kyphoscoliosis, tethered cord, and a lipoma.
Conclusion: SCM is a rare cause of spinal deformity. If left untreated, the associated neurological deficits may progress. Treatment should include a two-staged approach; first, the bony and membranous septum should be removed followed by lipoma resection and untethering the cord with adequate cord decompression, while second, a fusion may be performed to address attendant kyphoscoliosis. Keywords: Intradural lipoma, Kyphoscoliosis, Split cord malformation, Tethered cord. PMID: 32637225 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Neurosurgery in Iraq at the Time of Corona.
Authors: Hoz SS, Al-Sharshahi ZF, Albanaa SA PMID: 32574275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A Canadian perspective on coronavirus disease-19 and neurosurgical residency training.
Authors: Leck ED, MacLean MA, Alant J PMID: 32574276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome concomitant with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis following ovarian tumor resection: A report of two cases.
Conclusion: This is the first report of two women diagnosed with RCVS with concomitant CVST following ovarian tumor resection. Marked reductions in postoperative E2 levels could have contributed to the development of CVST and RCVS. PMID: 32547815 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Risk factors of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage after acute ischemic stroke treated with tissue-type plasminogen activator. The effectiveness of activated recombinant factor VII treatment.
Conclusion: The inclusion/exclusion criteria of tPA were based on the AHA/ASA Guidelines for the early management of patients with AIS.These patients had no evidence of infections, bronchoscopy, autoimmune diseases, HIV, and transplantations. Our study suggests that systemic administration of rFVIIa for DAH is effective. Emphysema may be a risk factor for the development of DAH following tPA. When we use tPA for emphysema patients, we must be careful about DAH enough. PMID: 32547816 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Barriers of neurophysiology monitoring in spine surgery: Latin America experience.
Conclusion: Despite the fact that 68% of spine surgeons believe IOM to be indispensable for complex spine surgery, cost remains the main barrier to its use/availability in Latin America. PMID: 32547817 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Instrumentation following intradural tumor resection: A case analyses and literature review.
Conclusion: Simultaneously performing instrumented fusions following posterior spinal decompressions for tumor removal proved optimal in preventing postoperative spinal deformity. Further, "open" surgical procedures offered more optimal/definitive tumor removal versus minimally invasive approaches, and the greater operative exposure and resultant increased risk for instability were remediated by performing simultaneous fusion. PMID: 32547818 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A case of cervical myelopathy following chronic hypertrophic non-union type 2 odontoid fracture managed with posterior C1 decompression and C1-3 instrumentation: Case report and brief review of literature.
Conclusion: Here, we successfully treated a patient with a hypertrophic nonunion of a chronic type 2 odontoid fracture utilizing a posterior only approach consisting of a C1 laminectomy with C1-C3 fusion. PMID: 32547819 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Cervical epidural neurosarcoidosis: A case report and literature review.
Conclusion: To manage cervical epidural neurosarcoidosis, first, you must obtain a tissue diagnosis and then follow with appropriate medical management. PMID: 32547820 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intracranial Ewing Sarcoma - A case report.
Authors: Huang J, Ghent F, Levingston R, Scholsem M Abstract Background: Intracranial Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a rare entity with
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

"Crown and necklace" appearance of cisternal tuberculoma.
"Crown and necklace" appearance of cisternal tuberculoma. Surg Neurol Int. 2020;11:135 Authors: Ansari A PMID: 32547822 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A case report of microvascular decompression for cervical myelopathy and radiculopathy caused by tortuous and abnormal bilateral vertebral artery.
Conclusion: Microvascular decompression of anomalous VAs contributing to cord compression at the C1 level was safe and effective in a 72-year-old male. PMID: 32547823 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Hyperextension thoracic spine fracture with complete neurological recovery after surgical fixation: A case report.
Conclusion: We recommend urgent/emergent surgical reduction/stabilization for patients with thoracic HTSF to decrease offer the potential for neurological recovery and avoid secondary injury due to continued compression. PMID: 32547824 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Supratentorial intraventricular rosette-forming glioneuronal tumors - Case report and review of treatment paradigms.
Conclusion: In this report, we describe the fourth case of an RGNT being isolated to the lateral ventricles and the first where it stained positive for EMA and D2-40. Our patient's uneventful recovery after STR indicates that surgery alone continues to be a viable initial treatment option. PMID: 32547825 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Fungal mycotic aneurysm in a patient with Aspergillus terreus chronic meningoencephalitis.
Conclusion: Cerebral aspergillosis is a serious disease with high mortality in patients, particularly those without identifiable risk factors. The iatrogenic forms are serious, due to the delay of clinical diagnosis. It is important to have a high index of suspicion in patients with a history of invasive procedures such as epidural anesthesia or surgery, and who develop a persistent chronic headache or chronic meningitis. PMID: 32547826 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Parvimonas micra: A potential causative pathogen to consider when diagnosing odontogenic brain abscesses.
Conclusions: This case highlights the potential risk of untreated dental infections causing brain abscesses. Pm should be considered as a possible pathogen of odontogenic brain abscesses despite its presence usually not being detected by standard bacterial cultures. Therefore, 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis is strongly recommended for bacterial identification before defining brain abscesses as cryptogenic. PMID: 32547827 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Hemifacial spasm caused by the brainstem developmental venous anomaly: A case report and review of the literature.
Conclusion: HFS associated with brainstem DVA is a very rare condition. MVD of the facial nerve REZ with transposition of the large draining vein should be considered as an effective treatment option. PMID: 32547828 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula masquerading as subdural hematoma.
Conclusion: Symptomatic subdural thoracolumbar hemorrhages from SDAVF are very rare. Here, we report a patient with an acute paraparesis and T10 sensory level attributed to an SDAVF and subdural hematoma. Despite negative diagnostic studies, even including spinal angiography, the patient underwent surgical intervention and successful occlusion of the SDAVF. PMID: 32547829 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Supratentorial convexity schwannoma unrelated to cranial nerves: Case report and review of the literature.
Conclusion: In our case, MRI findings are similar to convexity meningioma; however, the pathological diagnosis was schwannoma. Cerebral convexity is an extremely rare location for schwannoma. We emphasize that schwannoma, not related to cranial nerves, may arise in the subdural convexity space. PMID: 32547830 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Effect of length time to surgery on postoperative hospital length of stay among neurosurgical patients.
Conclusion: Neurosurgery patients booked for surgery to be done within 24 h waited longer to have their procedure completed. Overall, there was no significant association between length of time waiting for surgery and postoperative stay, although there was an increase in postoperative stays among patients who were discharged to another facility and had their surgeries performed after 24 h. PMID: 32547831 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Early versus delayed surgical evacuation of spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hematoma: A prospective cohort study.
Conclusion: Early surgical evacuation of spontaneous supratentorial ICH in patients with good preoperative conscious level is associated with better clinical outcome, particularly in the early postoperative period. Early surgical evacuation has no significant impact on the rate of reoperation or the length of hospital stay. PMID: 32547832 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Is medulloblastoma associated with systemic immunomodulation? - A comparative analysis of preoperative inflammatory markers.
Authors: Sharma R, Katiyar V, Gurjar H, Sharma M, Goda R, Vora Z Abstract Background: We attempt to compare preoperative inflammatory markers among children with medulloblastoma and pilocytic astrocytoma and establish their diagnostic efficacy to distinguish these tumors. Methods: Children (
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 6, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Implication of image guidance in endoscopic third ventriculostomy: Technical note.
Conclusion: Image guidance can help reduce complications and is becoming an essential tool in performing ETV. IGS ETV technique may benefit young neurosurgeons the most and can help them overcome the learning curve with safety. PMID: 32494369 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 6, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Perception of complications by spine surgeons.
Conclusion: Significant consensus in the perception of complications was observed in most of the analyzed scenarios for both LA and NA. However, within the LA data, responses to different clinical scenarios varied. PMID: 32494370 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 6, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research