Primary solitary retro-clival amyloidoma.
Conclusions: Primary solitary amyloidosis, unlike other forms of amyloidosis, has an excellent prognosis with local resection. Diagnosis requires special stains and a degree of suspicion for the disease. This is the first report to document an endoscopic trans-nasal approach for removal of a primary solitary amyloidosis of the retro-clivus. Management of vertebral amyloidoma involves aggressive local resection of the tumor when feasible and spine stabilization as the degree of tumor involvement mandates. Complete evaluation for the diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis is essential for the management and prognostication. Surge...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 15, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A case report: C2 radiculopathy induced by neck flexion due to the cord compression of C2 segmental type vertebral artery relieved by microvascular decompression.
Conclusion: An anomalous VA rarely causes cervical radiculopathy induced by neck flexion. When it occurs, microvascular decompression effectively relieves pressure resulting in a resolution of symptoms. PMID: 29900031 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 15, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the scalp: Two rare case reports.
Conclusion: MPNSTs of the scalp are rare neoplasm of the peripheral nervous system. They are aggressive lesion that can recur and their management requires a multimodality approach. PMID: 29900032 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 15, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

[Learning curve of minimally invasive pedicle screw placement].
Conclusion: In our series, it was necessary to place approximately 70 PPS to achieve intrapedicular accuracy comparable to results reported by experienced surgeons in this minimally invasive technique. PMID: 29900033 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 15, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

[Intramedullary neuroenteric cyst: Case report and review of the literature].
The objective of this paper is to report the case of a cervical intramedullary neuroenteric cyst in a young adult, without coexisting malformations. According to the literature, surgical treatment is elective though, considering the high recurrence rate, radical resection should be the surgical goal. Follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging is recommended for subtotal surgical resections. PMID: 29900034 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 15, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

New technique for C1-C2 fixation.
Conclusions: C1 lateral mass and C1-C2 transarticular polyaxial screw rod fixation techniques were effective in achieving immediate rigid immobilization of the C1-C2 motion segment. PMID: 29888028 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Dural arteriovenous fistula in the superior orbital fissure: A case report.
Conclusion: We experienced a case of a dAVF in the superior orbital fissure. This case presented a possibility of the presence of one subtype of the dAVF in the part of the cavernous sinus separated at the superior orbital fissure in front. Transvenous coil embolization in the SOV through the facial vein efficiently occluded the fistula. PMID: 29888029 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A new surgical technique for the removal of extensive spinal epidural hydatid cyst.
Conclusion: Through a laminectomy, an epidural catheter may be introduced under fluoroscopic guidance/x-ray control to uniquely irrigate with isotonic saline/aspirate and decompress-the epidural hydatid cysts. This is particularly useful in patients with significant comorbidities, who are not candidates for more aggressive surgical decompression. Further, all patients should be continued on prolonged chemotherapy and should be monitored closely due to the high rate of recurrence of these cysts. PMID: 29888030 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Atypical imaging features of posterior fossa's dermoid cyst: Case report and review of literature.
Conclusion: Dermoid cyst of the posterior fossa is a benign lesion surgically treatable. Only an appropriate radiological diagnosis of this lesion would permit a well-targeted therapeutic approach. PMID: 29888031 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Erratum: Immunoexcitotoxicity as the central mechanism of etiopathology and treatment of autism spectrum disorders: A possible role of fluoride and aluminum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 74 in vol. 9, PMID: 29721353.]. PMID: 29888737 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Erratum: Maladjustment of programmable ventricular shunt valves by inadvertent exposure to a common hospital device.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 51 in vol. 9, PMID: 29576902.]. PMID: 29888741 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The usefulness of indocyanine green during surgery for hypervascular posterior fossa tumors.
Conclusions: For hypervascular tumors of the posterior fossa, preoperative image assessment is important. Furthermore, the use of ICG during surgery is advantageous for surgical strategies where the feeding arteries and draining veins exist superficially in the operative field and are therefore easier to remove en bloc. PMID: 29770250 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 19, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Review of the neurological benefits of phytocannabinoids.
Conclusions: In this review we will provide animal and human research data on the current clinical neurological uses for CBD individually and in combination with Δ9-THC. We will emphasize the neuroprotective, antiinflammatory, and immunomodulatory benefits of phytocannabinoids and their applications in various clinical syndromes. PMID: 29770251 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 19, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Utility of magnetic resonance cisternography with intrathecal gadolinium in detection of cerebrospinal fluid fistula associated with Mondini dysplasia in a patient with recurrent meningitis: Case report and literature review.
Conclusions: The radiological identification of the site of CSF leak through sensitive imaging studies such as MRC with intrathecal gadolinium is crucial for surgical approach. PMID: 29770252 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 19, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Simultaneous cerebrospinal fluid and hematologic metastases in a high-grade ependymoma.
Conclusions: While uncommon, this case demonstrates the possibility for ependymomas to metastasize via cerebrospinal fluid to other locations within the CNS and hematologically to extraneural locations without recurring locally. PMID: 29770253 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 19, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Occipital artery to extracranial vertebral artery anastomosis for bilateral vertebral artery stenosis at the origin: A case report.
Conclusion: Endovascular treatment and other surgical treatments, such as bypass grafting, are effective, but OA-VA anastomosis is a safe and effective procedure for revascularization of the posterior circulation. PMID: 29740503 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Epidural abscess presenting as severe depression with suicidal ideations: Case report.
Conclusions: EDA can present in atypical ways, especially in patients who have undergone previous cranial procedures. Depression is one possible atypical presentation. PMID: 29740504 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Incidence of dysphagia after odontoid screw fixation of type II odontoid fracture in the elderly.
Conclusions: Age over 65 is a significant predictor of post-operative dysphagia in patients undergoing type II odontoid screw fixation. Notably, with each additional year above 65, the likelihood of post-operative dysphagia increased by 12%. Furthermore, postoperative dysphagia statistically increased the LOS and total costs. PMID: 29740505 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Carotid artery stenting vs. carotid endarterectomy in the management of carotid artery stenosis: Lessons learned from randomized controlled trials.
Conclusions: While the superiority of intervention to medical management for symptomatic patients has been well established in the literatures, careful selection of asymptomatic patients for intervention should be undertaken and only be pursued after institution of appropriate medical therapy until further reports on trials comparing medical therapy to intervention in this patient group are available. PMID: 29740506 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Major risks and complications of cervical epidural steroid injections: An updated review.
Conclusions: Cervical epidural injecions (e.g., CESI, ICESI, and TF-CESI) which are not FDA approved, provide no long-term benefit, and are being performed for minimal to no indications. They contribute to significant morbidity and mortality, including; epidural hematomas, infection, inadvertent intramedullary cord injections or cord, brain stem, and cerebellar strokes. Furthermore, these injections are increasingly required by insurance carriers prior to granting permission for definitive surgery, thus significantly delaying in some cases necessary operative intervention, while also subjecting patients at the hands of the...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Case presentation and short perspective on management of foraminal/far lateral discs and stenosis.
Conclusions: There are multiple approaches to the excision of FOR/FLD with stenosis. These include; decompression alone vs. decompression with non-instrumented vs. instrumented fusion. Surgical choices must be based on individual patient's X-ray, MR, and CT findings. The aim should be to maximize the safety of disc excision with decompression of stenosis, and to preserve stability, reducing the need for fusion, while minimizing morbidity. PMID: 29740508 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Chiari I malformation with acute neurological deficit after craniocervical trauma: Case report, imaging, and anatomic considerations.
Conclusion: The constellation of severe neurologic deficit in patients with CMI after relatively minor craniocervical trauma has been previously described. In our patient, neurologic deficit disproportionate to the mechanism of injury was observed and likely in part attributed to the presence of a Chiari malformation. Unfortunately, MRI has not yet been able to clearly define the underlying pathoanatomy, help understand the mechanism of injury, and delineate when operative intervention is indicated in these patients. Here, we review similar cases from the literature, examine findings on MRI, and evaluate mechanisms of inju...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The coming economic world crisis.
Authors: Ausman JI PMID: 29740510 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Endoscopic surgery via a combined frontal and suboccipital approach for cerebellar hemorrhage.
Conclusion: Endoscopic surgery performed via the CA appeared to neutralize the deteriorating effects of CH-associated IVHs. Surgical strategies employing the CA may have the potential to improve the prognosis of patients with CH. PMID: 29721347 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Atypical epidural hemangiopericytoma presenting with visual disturbance.
Conclusion: Hemangiopericytoma should be assumed in a differential diagnosis when encountering epidural tumors, and total resection should be attempted when possible. PMID: 29721348 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Abscess due to textiloma (gossypiboma: Retained surgical cottonoid).
Conclusion: Most spinal textilomas (gossypibomas) are aseptic and are found in paraspinal areas without neurological symptoms or sequelae. These lesions may remain silent for years and may only rarely cause neurologic or infectious symptoms/signs. Notably, textilomas following spinal surgery may be largely avoided if proper cottonoid and sponge counts are done prior to closing spinal wounds. PMID: 29721349 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The impact of neurosurgical procedure on cognitive resources: Results of bypass training.
Authors: Huotarinen A, Niemelä M, Hafez A Abstract Background: Neurosurgeons are exposed to unavoidable distractions in their natural operating environment. Distractions can affect both the surgeon's concentration and the safety and duration of the surgery. Such distraction can be studied by applying a simultaneous cognitive task during a surgical procedure. Methods: We used a previously described cognitive task: a forward (DF) and backward digit (DB) repetition task to interfere with the surgeon's attention during a training bypass. A pilot study was performed to find suitable digit repetition lengths. Fo...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Resolution of symptomatic secondary empty sella syndrome following lumbar-peritoneal shunt.
Conclusion: The surgical outcome of symptomatic cases of ESS is favorable. Various common surgical options were reported in literature; however, we have discussed an unconventional surgical option with an impressive outcome. PMID: 29721351 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Dorsal hemangioblastoma manifesting as holocord syringomyelia.
Conclusions: Although rare, neurosurgeons should keep in mind the possibility of an intramedullary hemangioblastoma in patients presenting with symptoms of a Chiari malformation. PMID: 29721352 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Immunoexcitotoxicity as the central mechanism of etiopathology and treatment of autism spectrum disorders: A possible role of fluoride and aluminum.
Authors: Strunecka A, Blaylock RL, Patocka J, Strunecky O Abstract Our review suggests that most autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk factors are connected, either directly or indirectly, to immunoexcitotoxicity. Chronic brain inflammation is known to enhance the sensitivity of glutamate receptors and interfere with glutamate removal from the extraneuronal space, where it can trigger excitotoxicity over a prolonged period. Neuroscience studies have clearly shown that sequential systemic immune stimulation can activate the brain's immune system, microglia, and astrocytes, and that with initial immune stimulation, the...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Unilateral S2 alar-iliac screws for spinopelvic fixation.
Conclusion: There were no significant differences in postoperative complications and reoperation rates between unilateral S2AI screws and unilateral iliac bolts utilized for SPF. For the S2AI screw group, there were no instances of hardware prominence or need for removal. The use of unilateral S2AI screws resulted in adequate fixation and comparably low complication rates. PMID: 29721354 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Pituitary fossa chondrosarcoma: An unusual cause of a sellar suprasellar mass masquerading as pituitary adenoma.
Conclusion: This case demonstrates that chondrosarcoma of the sellar region may mimic clinical, endocrinological, and radiological features of more commonly encountered lesions in this region such as nonfunctioning pituitary tumor, craniopharyngioma, meningioma, or chordoma. We discuss the origin, areas of involvement, management, and long-term prognosis of these rare tumors. PMID: 29721355 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Accuracy of percutaneous pedicle screw insertion in spinal fixation of traumatic thoracic and lumbar spine fractures.
Conclusion: Percutaneous pedicle screw insertion in 60 patients receiving 410 percutaneously placed pedicle screws yielded 294 ideally placed, 56 showing pedicle encroachment, 60 (14.3%, 23 cases) exhibiting varying degrees of pedicle penetration, with 2 showing new postoperative neurological deficits (severe screw misplacement). Of interest, this technique proved to be more challenging in the thoracic spine. Larger series are needed to better establish the average rate of neurological injuries associated with percutaneous thoracic/lumbar screw misplacement. PMID: 29721356 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Spinal angiolipoma mimicking a schwannoma: A case report.
Conclusion: Spinal angiolipomas rarely involve the spinal canal/foramina. Utilizing neurodiagnostic studies with pathological confirmation, these lesions may be differentiated from schwannomas. PMID: 29721357 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Mirror image of bilateral DACA aneurysm with its successful surgical management.
Conclusion: Careful analysis of intracranial vasculature should be done using angiography, particularly in different views and stages to rule out multiple aneurysms at different locations in the same artery or at different arteries. Mirror images of bilateral DACA aneurysms are very rare. Fundamental surgical strategy of securing the parent artery and clipping the neck after meticulous dissection should be followed. PMID: 29721358 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Acute cauda equina syndrome following orthopedic procedures as a result of epidural anesthesia.
Conclusions: Acute CES should be considered in patients undergoing spinal or epidural anesthesia for joint replacement surgery. Prompt evaluation with MRI studies may lead to appropriate medical/surgical measures to reverse the deficit. PMID: 29721359 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Erratum: Engraftment, neuroglial transdifferentiation and behavioral recovery after complete spinal cord transection in rats.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 19 in vol. 9, PMID: 29497572.]. PMID: 29722361 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - May 5, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Endoscopy-assisted craniosynostosis surgery followed by helmet therapy.
Conclusions: We conclude that EACS with helmet therapy is a safe and suitable treatment option for any type of craniosynostosis, if performed at an early age, preferably around 3 months of age. PMID: 29629226 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Obstructive hydrocephalus and facial nerve palsy secondary to vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia: Case Report.
Conclusion: We suggest prompt surgical intervention upon diagnosis as a first choice of treatment in order to avoid further complications. PMID: 29629227 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Cranial autologous bone flap resorption after a cranioplasty: A case report.
Conclusion: This case described an abnormal accelerated resorption of an autologous bone flap cranioplasty inserted after 3 months. Thus, to avoid bone flap resorption, an as early as possibly strategy may prevent this. Still, the exact mechanisms underlying bone resorption are poorly understood. PMID: 29629228 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Ambiguity in the Dural Tail Sign on MRI.
Conclusion: GBMs can arise in typical locations along with DTS mimicking meningiomas. Excision of the involved dura and the falx becomes important in this scenario, so as to achieve GTR. Hence high index of suspicion preoperatively aided by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRS) can help distinguish GBMs from meningioma, thereby impacting upon the prognosis. PMID: 29629229 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor: A case report and literature review.
Conclusions: Further studies may be helpful to fully understand the radiological and histological findings of MVNT development. As a result, we will be able to prevent the aggressive treatment if we established their major features. PMID: 29629230 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Internal auditory canal exostosis: A technical case report.
Conclusions: Exostoses of the internal auditory canal, although rare, can present with severe symptoms of dizziness, hearing loss, and vestibular hypofunction based on the extent of cranial nerve compression. Imaging, particularly with thin-cut computed tomography, is invaluable in making the correct diagnosis. Severe cases can be treated successfully with surgery with minimal or no complications and excellent outcome. PMID: 29629231 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

How to compare outcomes and complications in neurosurgery: We must make the mission possible!
Authors: Broggi M, Zattra C, Ferroli P PMID: 29629232 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Large central lumbar disc herniation causing acute cauda equina syndrome with loss of evoked potentials during prone positioning for surgery.
Conclusion: This case highlights the risk for patients with large acute lumbar disc herniation/stenosis and CES undergoing prone positioning for lumbar decompression. Here, despite the secondary loss of both sensory and motor evoked potentials, the patient successfully underwent lumbar decompressive surgery/discectomy performed on a Jackson table, resulting in full postoperative neurological recovery. PMID: 29629233 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A difficult-to-treat Acom aneurysm with the combined vascular anomaly of Acom fenestration and accessory anterior cerebral artery.
Conclusion: The interhemispheric approach may exceptionally have a blind area behind the Acom complex in the case of Acom aneurysms with an accessory ACA. Additionally, the aneurysms arising from the Acom fenestration strongly require neurosurgeons to take a more accurate surgical approach to obtain a direct visualization for an aneurysmal neck. PMID: 29629234 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 11, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Rhabdomyolysis following minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: Case report.
Conclusions: Rhabdomyolysis should be diagnosed and treated promptly with aggressive intravenous fluid resuscitation to avoid acute kidney injury following miTLIF surgery. PMID: 29576901 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 28, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Maladjustment of programmable ventricular shunt valves by inadvertent exposure to a common hospital device.
Conclusion: Some commonly used medical devices have a magnetic field strong enough to alter programmable shunt valve settings. Here, we report that the magnetic field from the Vocera hands-free wireless communication system, combined with the worn position, results in shunt maladjustment for the StrataTM II valve. Healthcare facilities using the Vocera badges need to put protocols in place and properly educate staff members to ensure the safety of patients with StrataTM II valves. PMID: 29576902 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 28, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Ruptured posterior cerebral artery aneurysm presenting with a contralateral cranial nerve III palsy: A case report.
Conclusions: This case demonstrates that, although the neurological exam can help pinpoint the location of a lesion, false localizing signs should be recognized. PMID: 29576903 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 28, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Noninvasive measures of brain edema predict outcome in pediatric cerebral malaria.
Authors: Kampondeni SD, Birbeck GL, Seydel KB, Beare NA, Glover SJ, Hammond CA, Chilingulo CA, Taylor TE, Potchen MJ Abstract Background: Increased brain volume (BV) and subsequent herniation are strongly associated with death in pediatric cerebral malaria (PCM), a leading killer of children in developing countries. Accurate noninvasive measures of BV are needed for optimal clinical trial design. Our objectives were to examine the performance of six different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) BV quantification measures for predicting mortality in PCM and to review the advantages and disadvantages of each method. ...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 28, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research