Epidemiology of the neural tube defects in Kashmir Valley.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence rates of NTDs is very high for Kashmir Valley. Geographical distribution of NTDs at this place confirms a relationship between the socioeconomic status, educational status, maternal too young or advanced age, and environmental factors for the development of a NTD. The results of this study point to the importance establishing a health policy to prevent NTD in Kashmir Valley. PMID: 27127700 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Effect of a hypercholesterolemia as a starting factor on spinal degeneration in rabbits and role of Vitamin E (α-tocopherol).
CONCLUSION: Hypercholesterolemia causes fat accumulation in the disc endplate and vertebral body that causes blood supply disturbances which might be a starting factor of discovertebral degeneration. This event was not reversed by the elimination of cholesterol from the diet. Vitamin E supplementation was not effective in reducing fat accumulation in vertebral bone marrow. As a result, we conclude that degeneration of the discovertebral unit is not related to atherosclerotic changes in the major blood vessels. PMID: 27127701 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Apoplectic presentation of a cauda equina paraganglioma.
CONCLUSION: CEPs commonly present with mild symptoms and signs rather than the acute-onset of a flaccid paraparesis/cauda equina syndrome as seen in this case. Here, the authors review the radiological and histopathological characteristics of CEP and emphasize the role of IHC in differentiating "CEP" from the more common ependymomas. PMID: 27127702 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The role of surgery for treatment of low back pain: insights from the randomized controlled Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trials.
Authors: Abraham P, Rennert RC, Martin JR, Ciacci J, Taylor W, Resnick D, Kasper E, Chen CC Abstract Low back pain (LBP) is a common medical problem with high morbidity and healthcare costs. The optimal management strategy, including the role of surgical intervention, remains controversial. The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trials were randomized controlled studies conducted to assess the effectiveness of surgery for three of the most common conditions implicated in LBP: Intervertebral disc herniation, degenerative spondylolisthesis, and spinal stenosis. Despite challenges in data interpretation related to patien...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Bilateral internal auditory canal gangliogliomas mimicking neurofibromatosis Type II.
CONCLUSION: This is the first reported case of bilateral IAC/CPA gangliogliomas. When evaluating bilateral IAC/CPA lesions with unusual imaging characteristics, ganglioglioma should be included in the differential diagnosis. PMID: 27127704 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Empirical antitubercular therapy even in endemic area should be started with caution: Missed case of calvarial epidermoid presenting with discharging sinus.
Authors: Sahoo SK, Sodhi HB, Salunke P, Ghuman MS PMID: 27127705 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Spontaneous leaking craniopharyngioma causing preoperative chemical meningitis.
Authors: Patnaik A, Mahapatra AK, Sarkar S, Samal DK PMID: 27127706 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Retraction: Solid hemangioblastoma in the cerebellopontine angle: Importance of external carotid blood supply with regard to the probable site of origin and preoperative embolization.
Authors: Abstract [This retracts the article on p. S1 in vol. 7, PMID: 26862451.]. PMID: 27127707 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

[Microvascular decompression in hemifacial spasm: 13 cases report and review of the literature].
CONCLUSION: The microvascular decompression for facial hemispasm is a safe an effective procedure, which allows complete resolution of the disease in most cases. PMID: 27127708 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Middle cerebral artery fusiform aneurysm presented with stroke and delayed subarachnoid hemorrhage trapping, thrombectomy, and bypass.
CONCLUSION: Our case describes a complex aneurysm treatment that consisted of aneurysm trapping, thrombus removal and an STA-M3 MCA branch bypass creation for the protection of the patent M3 insular MCA branch and prevention of further ischemia. This procedure rewarded us with an excellent clinical result. PMID: 27127709 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Giant pseudoaneurysm originated from distal middle cerebral artery dissection treated by trapping under sensitive evoked potential and motor evoked potential monitoring: Case report and discussion.
CONCLUSION: Neurophysiological sensitive and MEP monitoring, on this specific case was a valuable tool and informed on the decision of trapping of this large vascular lesion. PMID: 27127710 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Middle meningeal arteriovenous fistulas: A rare and potentially high-risk dural arteriovenous fistula.
CONCLUSION: MMAVFs represent a rarely reported class of vascular lesions. They are typically associated with trauma, but also develop spontaneously, and may be associated with intracranial hemorrhage, which warrants classification of these lesions as high risk. Endovascular treatment is safe and effective and should be considered for these patients, particularly for those who have lesions with intracranial venous drainage. PMID: 27127711 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula as a cause for symptomatic superficial siderosis: A report of two cases and review of the literature.
CONCLUSIONS: We describe the second and third cases of a dAVF as the cause of SS, and the first cases of successful treatment of SS-associated dAVF with endovascular embolization. As noninvasive imaging techniques become more sensitive and easily obtained, one must consider their limitations in detecting occult intracranial vascular malformations such as dAVF as a possible etiology for SS. PMID: 27127712 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Arteriovenous malformations of the corpus callosum: Pooled analysis and systematic review of literature.
Authors: Pabaney AH, Ali R, Kole M, Malik GM Abstract BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the corpus callosum (CC) are rare entities. We performed a systematic review of the available literature to better define the natural history, patient characteristics, and treatment options for these lesions. METHODS: A MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and The Cochrane Library search were performed for studies published through June 2015. Data from all eligible studies were used to examine epidemiology, natural history, clinical features, treatment strategies, and outcomes of patients with CC-AVMs. A systematic revie...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Radical surgical treatment for recurrent giant fusiform thrombosed vertebral artery aneurysm previously coiled.
Authors: J-O'Shanahan A, Noda K, Tsuboi T, Ota N, Kamiyama H, Tokuda S, Tanikawa R Abstract BACKGROUND: Fusiform aneurysms are rare (
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Long-term drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy associated with a mixed ganglioglioma and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor in an elderly patient.
CONCLUSION: A contrast-enhancing mixed ganglioglioma and DNET can mimic a malignant tumor and appears not only in children and young adults, but also in the elderly patients with chronic epilepsy. A long-lasting epilepsy, in this case almost 60 years, can be completely cured by a complete lesionectomy. PMID: 27127715 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A spontaneous superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysm possibly related to atherosclerosis: Case report and review of literature.
CONCLUSIONS: As all four documented patients were at high risk for atherosclerosis, we posit that a causal factor was weakening of the arterial wall due to atherosclerosis and chronic pressure on the STA from anatomical structures. Here, we present histological evidence to support this hypothesis. PMID: 27127716 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intraneural nodular fasciitis of the radial nerve with rapidly progressive motor symptoms.
CONCLUSION: The authors report the first case of intraneural nodular fasciitis occurring in the radial nerve and highlight the possibility of rapidly progressive motor deficit in patients presenting with this rare clinical entity. PMID: 27114852 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 27, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Collaboration in the presence of cerebral edema: The complications of steroids.
CONCLUSIONS: More high-quality, well-controlled studies are needed around dexamethasone dosing for the management of cerebral edema. Clinical practice guidelines need to encompass both the prescriber and nursing-based interventions. Collaboration between disciplines is a necessity when monitoring and managing steroid-induced toxicities in brain tumor patients. Future evidence-based guidelines need recommendations for appropriate interval screening tests and quantifiable tools needed to aid in monitoring steroid-induced complications. PMID: 27114853 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 27, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Trends in cognitive dysfunction following surgery for intracranial tumors.
CONCLUSION: Patients with intracranial tumors have substantial cognitive dysfunction, which tend to show significant improvement beyond 6 months following surgery, especially among tumors, which were extra-axial, benign, and nonirradiated. PMID: 27114854 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 27, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Exhibiting pride in the profession: Making the case for continued professional development.
Authors: Stecker M PMID: 27114855 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 27, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Using intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in continuing professional education.
Authors: Tranquillo J, Stecker M PMID: 27114856 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 27, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Unusual coexistence of an epidermoid cyst with an atypical meningioma: Case report and review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: The simultaneous occurrence of primary intracranial tumors of different cell types is rare. Epidermoid cysts are slow growing lesions believed to arise from inclusion of ectodermal elements during neural tube closure, while meningiomas arise from arachnoidal cells; their association has rarely been reported previously. PMID: 27069741 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Underlay hourglass-shaped autologous pericranium duraplasty in "key-hole" retrosigmoid approach surgery: Technical report.
CONCLUSIONS: In our series, autologous pericranium inserted and stitched as an underlay hourglass-shaped plug, augmented with surgical patch pieces and dural sealant seemed to be safe and effective for dural repair in "key-hole" retrosigmoid approach. With this technique, we obtained low complication rate, similar to the best current results of available literature. PMID: 27069742 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of low-pressure hydrocephalus in adults.
CONCLUSIONS: ETV can be used successfully in the management of refractory LPH to decrease the duration of EVD. PMID: 27069743 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Primary atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor of the spine in an adult patient.
CONCLUSION: Primary spinal AT/RT in the adult patient is rare. The pathology is associated with early recurrence and a poor prognosis. Although potential benefits of metronomic chemotherapy and alisertib have been reported, the patient in this study did not favorably respond to these modalities. PMID: 27069744 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Case report of lumbar intradural capillary hemangioma.
CONCLUSION: Although rare, capillary hemangioma should be in the differential diagnosis of intradural tumors. It closely mimics nerve sheath tumor. PMID: 27069745 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Glomangiopericytoma simulating an intracavernous meningioma.
Authors: Abou Al-Shaar H, Macdonald KI, Labib MA Abstract BACKGROUND: Glomangiopericytoma is an uncommonly encountered tumor of the nose and paranasal sinuses, accounting for
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Thalassemia, extramedullary hematopoiesis, and spinal cord compression: A case report.
CONCLUSION: The possibility of EMH should be considered in every patient with ineffective erythropoiesis as a cause of spinal cord compression. Treatment of such cases is usually done with blood transfusions, which can reduce the hematopoietic drive for EMH. Other options include surgery, hydroxyurea, radiotherapy, or a combination of these on a case to case basis. PMID: 27069747 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Paraganglioma of the filum terminale mimicking neurinoma: Case report.
CONCLUSION: Through this case report, the authors discuss clinical and radiological aspects of this tumor, as well as the management in the light of published data. PMID: 27069748 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Isolated giant cerebral varix - A diagnostic and therapeutic challenge: A case report.
CONCLUSION: Cerebral IGVs are rare vascular lesions that are treated conservatively when asymptomatic and surgically in the case of rupture or compression of adjacent structures. Given our observation of a high unlikelihood of vascular connections to arteries, and the information obtained with non-invasive imaging techniques such as CTA and MRI was enough to make a clinical decision and avoid the evaluation with invasive procedures. PMID: 27069749 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 15, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

McCune-Albright syndrome with craniofacial dysplasia: Clinical review and surgical management.
CONCLUSION: MAS is a rare disease with a progressive polyostotic FD. Whenever it affects the orbit region, the optic canal, and it is associated with a progressive visual loss, the urgent optic nerve decompression is mandatory, either manually or with a rapid drill. It is known that aggressive approach is associated with less recurrence; it is also associated with worsening of the visual loss in optic nerve decompression. In MAS cases, multiple and less aggressive surgeries seem to be more suitable. PMID: 27057395 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 9, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Malignant cerebellar peduncle lesions - rapid progression and poor outcome.
CONCLUSION: Malignant cerebellar peduncular lesions have poor overall survival despite surgical debulking. It is not confirmed whether these tumors should be considered as cerebellar lesions or brainstem gliomas due to aggressive clinical behavior, and so the ideal line of management is not yet known. PMID: 27057396 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 9, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Treatment options for pediatric craniopharyngioma.
Authors: Reddy GD, Hansen D, Patel A, Lin Y, Jea A, Lam S PMID: 27057397 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 9, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Posterior fossa syndrome in children following tumor resection: Knowledge update.
Authors: Gadgil N, Hansen D, Barry J, Chang R, Lam S PMID: 27057398 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 9, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

According to which factors in severe traumatic brain injury craniectomy could be beneficial.
Authors: Fotakopoulos G, Tsianaka E, Vagkopoulos K, Fountas KN Abstract BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical outcome at 101 patients undergoing decompressive craniectomy (DC) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Age, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) at the time of intubation, and the intraoperative intracranial pressure (ICP) were recorded. Formal DC was performed in all cases and the square surface of bone flap was calculated in cm(2) based on the length and the width from computed tomography scan. RESULTS: The difference of good neurological recovery (Glasgow outcome score 4-5), between patients...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 18, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Frontal lobe signs after posterior fossa surgery: Is hypoperfusion ignored?
Authors: Goudihalli SR, Srinivasan A, Mittal BR, Dhandapani S PMID: 26981321 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 18, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A rare intracranial tumor consisting of malignant anaplastic and papillary meningioma subtypes.
CONCLUSION: We report a possible collision tumor between two separate meningioma subtypes based on the unique radiologic, intraoperative, and histopathologic findings. Submission of multiple pathologic specimens during surgical resection is key for accurate histopathologic diagnosis. PMID: 26981322 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 18, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The new era of anticoagulation.
Authors: Anklesaria Z, Al-Helou G PMID: 26981323 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 18, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Role of computed tomography scores and findings to predict early death in patients with traumatic brain injury: A reappraisal in a major tertiary care hospital in Nepal.
CONCLUSION: We demonstrated in this cohort that though the Marshall score has the high predictive power to determine the mortality, better discrimination could be sought through the application of the Rotterdam score that encompasses various individual CT parameters. We thereby recommend the use of such comprehensive prognostic model so as to augment our predictive power for properly dichotomizing the prognosis of the patients with TBI. In the future, it will therefore be important to develop prognostic models that are applicable for the majority of patients in the world they live in, and not just a privileged few who can ...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 18, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Racemose neurocysticercosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of racemose NCC represents a significant clinical challenge requiring multimodal intervention to minimize infectious- and treatment-related morbidity. We review the clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic features relevant to the management of this aggressive form of NCC. PMID: 26958418 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Resting state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging integrated with intraoperative neuronavigation for functional mapping after aborted awake craniotomy.
CONCLUSION: Resting state functional connectivity MRI integrated with intraoperative neuronavigation software can provide an alternative option for functional cortical mapping in the setting of an aborted awake craniotomy. PMID: 26958419 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Effect of repeated transsphenoidal surgery in recurrent or residual pituitary adenomas: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: A second transsphenoidal surgery is accompanied by a chance of remission in approximately half of cases with secreting tumors. In nonsecreting ones, success is higher. PMID: 26958420 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Spontaneous thrombosis of giant intracranial aneurysm and posterior cerebral artery followed by also spontaneous recanalization.
CONCLUSIONS: Thrombosis is not the final event in the natural history of giant aneurysms, and partial thrombosis does not preclude the risk of rupture. Thrombosed aneurysms may display additional growth brought about by wall dissections or intramural hemorrhages. Their treatment may be either surgical or involve endovascular procedures such as embolization. Thrombosed giant aneurysms are dynamic and unstable lesions. A noninterventional treatment is feasible, but aneurysmal growth or recanalization may suggest the need for a more active intervention. PMID: 26958421 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Fenestration of bone flap during decompressive craniotomy for subdural hematoma.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that fenestration prior to the immediate replacement of bone flap after surgical decompression of SDH has the potential to reduce extra-axial fluid accumulation. PMID: 26958422 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Urgent discectomy: Clinical features and neurological outcome.
Authors: Albert R, Lange M, Brawanski A, Schebesch KM Abstract BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical features and outcome of patients with progressive neurological deficits due to disc herniation who were treated surgically within 24 h. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who were admitted between 2004 and 2013 via the Emergency Department. Records were screened for presenting symptoms, neurological status at admission, discharge, and 6-week follow-up. RESULTS: About 72 of 526 patients underwent surgery within 24 h. Magnetic resonance imaging showed lumbar disc herniation i...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Do we need to establish guidelines for patients with neuromodulation implantable devices, including spinal cord stimulators undergoing nonspinal surgeries?
CONCLUSIONS: The Food and Drug Administration safety information manual warns about the use of diathermy, concomitant implanted stimulation devices, lithotripsy, external defibrillation, radiation therapy, ultrasonic scanning, and high-output ultrasound, all of which can lead to permanent implant damage if not turned off prior to undertaking procedures. Lack of uniform guidelines makes intraoperative management, as well as remote anesthesia care of patients with previously implanted SCSs unsafe. PMID: 26958424 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Camptocormia and deep brain stimulation: The interesting overlapping etiologies and the therapeutic role of subthalamic nucleus-deep brain stimulation in Parkinson disease with camptocormia.
CONCLUSION: The relationship between the DBS and camptocormia is discussed in this unique condition. PMID: 26958425 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Radiotherapy-induced tumors of the spine, peripheral nerve, and spinal cord: Case report and literature review.
CONCLUSION: The current gold standard therapy is complete resection with clear margins, since most tumors do not respond to chemotherapy and RT. The neural type of RT-I tumor presented a longer survival period. PMID: 26958426 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Treatment of epidermoid tumors with gamma knife radiosurgery: Case series.
CONCLUSION: Long-term symptom relief was achieved in all three cases proving that gamma knife radiosurgery is a good and safe alternative for patients with recurrent or nonsurgically treated ETs. PMID: 26958427 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 10, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research