Aspergillosis of the central nervous system in a previously healthy patient that simulated Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
CONCLUSION: Cerebral aspergillosis is a common aggressive disease in immunosuppressed patients. However, the disease is rare in individuals with respected immunity and in individuals with neurological impairment and a rapid and progressive deterioration of mental functions. The suspected diagnosis should always be considered given its poor prognosis and the encouraging efficacy of antifungal treatment administered in a timely manner. PMID: 28031987 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Spontaneous intraventricular rupture of pyogenic brain abscess: A short series of three cases and review of literature.
CONCLUSION: In the present neurosurgical era, IVROBA is rarely encountered; however when it occurs, patient outcome is adversely affected. Early detection and prompt aggressive management, as seen in our short series, can give the patient a fighting chance and significantly improve the neurological outcome. PMID: 28031988 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intraventricular migration of an isolated fourth ventricular cysticercus following cerebrospinal fluid shunting.
CONCLUSION: CISS sequence is definitely the sequence of choice in identifying intraventricular NCC. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting can result in the intraventricular migration of the cyst due to sudden decompression necessitating repeat surgery. Endoscopic removal of NCC has a high success rate with limited complications. PMID: 28031989 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Fluorescein sodium-guided surgery of a brain abscess: A case report.
CONCLUSION: This technique may improve the identification and surgical removal of brain abscesses. PMID: 28031990 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A case of disseminated central nervous system sparganosis.
CONCLUSION: CNS sparganosis can cause various neurological symptoms similar to those of other CNS infections. A preoperative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is helpful for diagnosis, especially in endemic areas. Surgical removal of the worm remains the treatment of choice. PMID: 28031991 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 30, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Commentary on: Can the anxiety domain of EQ-5D and mental health items from SF-36 help predict outcomes after surgery for lumbar degenerative disorders? By Carreon et al.
Authors: Pawl RP, Mahoney ND PMID: 28028443 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 29, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Commentary on the management of type II odontoid process fractures in octogenarians: Article by Graffeo et al. and Editorial by Falavigna (J Neurosurgery Spine August 19, 2016).
CONCLUSIONS: In the editorial by Falavigna, his major criticism of Graffeo's article was the marked disparity in the number of patients in the operative (17 patients) vs. the nonoperative group (94 patients), making it difficult to accept any conclusions as "significant". He further noted that few prior studies provided level I evidence, and that most, like this one, were level III analyses that did not "significantly" advance our knowledge as to whether to treat octogenarians with type II odontoid fractures operatively vs. nonoperatively. PMID: 28028444 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 29, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Long standing lumbosacral dermoid tumor and intracranial fat droplet dissemination: A case report.
CONCLUSION: Dermoid tumors should be considered among the differential diagnosis of intradural lesions in young patients even without any other congenital abnormality. PMID: 28028445 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 29, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A purely extradural lumbar nerve root cavernoma mimicking acute myeloid leukemia recurrence: Case report and literature review.
CONCLUSION: In patients with a history of leukemia, MS must be considered in the differential diagnosis for any epidural or nerve root lesion that appears following treatment. Although rare, cavernomas must be considered among the differential diagnoses for epidural nerve root lesions in the setting of AML. PMID: 28028446 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 29, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Spinal epidural abscess in a patient with piriformis pyomyositis.
CONCLUSION: A 19-year-old male presented with a holospinal epidural abscess (C2 to sacrum) originating from piriformis pyomyositis. The multilevel cord abscess was emergently decompressed, leading to a marked restoration of neurological function. PMID: 28028447 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 29, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A novel technique to repair a transverse sacral fracture in a previously fused lumbosacral spondylolisthesis.
CONCLUSIONS: We describe a novel technique to reduce an iatrogenic transverse type-2 Roy-Camille fracture at S1-S2 in a previously instrumented high-grade L4-L5, L5-S1 spondylolisthesis. The patient's fracture achieved adequate reduction and fusion with symptomatic relief. PMID: 28028448 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 29, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intradural-extramedullary isolated compressive sarcoid lesion.
CONCLUSIONS: Sarcoid is rarely associated with an isolated compressive cervical lesion. Although sarcoid management typically involves immune suppression, in cases of active cord compression surgical intervention is warranted. PMID: 28028449 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 29, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

[Hemangioblastomas of the posterior fossa: Report of 16 cases and literature review].
CONCLUSION: The major features in patients with posterior fossa hemangioblastoma are a cystic with nodule form, presenting symptoms of headache and cerebellar syndrome. The total resection is possible, with a low morbi-mortality rate. PMID: 27999708 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

[Microsurgical approach to the ambient cistern].
CONCLUSION: This approach allows a safe access to the ambient cistern, especially to the infratentorial portion. PMID: 27999709 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

An unusual case of repeated intracranial hemorrhage in vestibular schwannoma.
CONCLUSION: We have experienced multiple repeated hemorrhages in a patient with a polycystic VS, and despite surgical intervention, the outcome was unfavorable. PMID: 27999710 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Rapidly progressing interhemispheric subdural empyema showing a three-fold increase in size within 12 hours: Case report.
CONCLUSION: Subdural empyema should be diagnosed and managed early in time since it may progress very rapidly and can cause high morbidity and mortality. Complete recovery can be achieved if it is diagnosed early and treated in time. PMID: 27999711 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Fibrin glue injection into the hematoma cavity for refractory chronic subdural hematoma: A case report.
CONCLUSION: This procedure may be effective for refractory CSDH in elderly patients. PMID: 27999712 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intracranial aneurysm formation after radiotherapy for medulloblastoma.
CONCLUSION: This experience demonstrates that physicians caring for patients who have undergone intracranial radiotherapy should carefully consider the possibility of an aneurysmal formation when conducting follow-up imaging. PMID: 27999713 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Hypervascular glioblastoma multiforme or arteriovenous malformation associated Glioma? A diagnostic and therapeutic challenge: A case report.
CONCLUSION: The coincidental presentation of vascular lesions such as AVM and malignant glioma is rare and presents a major challenge when establishing a diagnosis. The respective treatment decision is complicated by the fact that available treatment modalities (e.g. radiosurgery and/or open resection) carry disease specific complications for each entity. Finding a suitable solution for such cases requires standardization of early diagnostic and therapeutic management. PMID: 27999714 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Secretory paraspinal paraganglioma of thoracolumar spine: Case report and review of literature.
CONCLUSION: Secretory paraganglioma of the dorsal spine are rare and difficult to excise, needs preoperative preparation with pharmacological intervention, good operative technique, and postoperative care. PMID: 27999715 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Primary cerebral echinoccocosis in a child: Case report - Surgical technique, technical pitfalls, and video atlas.
CONCLUSION: Intracranial hydatid cyst is very rare. Nevertheless, it should always be considered as a differential diagnosis in cerebral cystic lesions, especially in children. The surgical technique used to remove the cyst appears to be safe. However, several precautions must be applied intraoperatively to avoid the catastrophe of cyst rupture. PMID: 27999716 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 23, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The impact of deep brain stimulation on tinnitus.
This study investigated the effect of DBS on tinnitus by use of a multicenter questionnaire study. METHODS: Tinnitus was retrospectively assessed prior to DBS and at the current situation (with DBS). From the 685 questionnaires, 443 were returned. A control group was one-to-one matched to DBS patients who had tinnitus before DBS (n = 61). Tinnitus was assessed by the tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) and visual analog scales (VAS) of loudness and burden. RESULTS: The THI decreased significantly during DBS compared to the situation prior to surgery (from 18.9 to 15.1, P
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 22, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Rescue pallidotomy for dystonia through implanted deep brain stimulation electrode.
CONCLUSIONS: In the case presented here a small pallidotomy performed with the DBS electrode provided a satisfactory effect on the patient's dystonic symptoms. Thus, rescue lesions through the DBS electrodes, although off-label, might be considered in patients with Gpi DBS for dystonia when indicated. PMID: 27990311 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 20, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Ultra-extended euthermic pulsed radiofrequency for the treatment of ophthalmic neuralgia: A case report with elaboration of a new technique.
CONCLUSION: As opposed to conventional PRF where mostly a tip temperature of 42°C and high voltage have been used for 2 to a maximum of 8 min, PRF with a tip temperature of 37°C and a safe voltage of 7 V over an ultra-extended duration of 40 min can give a more distinct and effective but equally safe result. Although our case verified the safety and efficacy of prolonged duration PRF in sensitive anatomic locations, more studies are warranted for establishing this as a standard line of treatment. The specific use of PRF in ophthalmic division neuralgia in the manner described in our case report has hitherto not bee...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 20, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Deep brain stimulation of a patient with psychogenic movement disorder.
CONCLUSION: We argue that the absence of side effects, the normal DaTscan, and PET scan after 5 years of chronic stimulation illustrate the safety of DBS on neural tissue. PMID: 27990313 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 20, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease prior to L-dopa treatment: A case report.
CONCLUSION: Large multicentre-based international trials with long follow-ups are needed to answer the effectiveness of early DBS in PD. PMID: 27990314 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 20, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Pretreatment clinical prognostic factors for brain metastases from breast cancer treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery.
This study retrospectively analyzes the prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) for patients with one or multiple brain metastases from breast cancer treated with SRS. METHODS: Between December 2001 and May 2015, 111 patients with brain metastases from breast cancer were grouped by potential prognostic factors including age at diagnosis, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score, number of brain metastases, and whether or not they received adjuvant treatments such as whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) or surgical resection. Survival rates were determined for all groups, and hazard ratios were calculated using univaria...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 20, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Subthalamus stimulation in Parkinson disease: Accounting for the bilaterality of contacts.
CONCLUSIONS: These results point to strategies for minimizing dysarthria and freezing as adverse effects of DBS. PMID: 27990316 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 20, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Cerebral foreign body granuloma in brain triggering generalized seizures without obvious craniocerebral injury: A case report and review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: Cerebral foreign body granuloma is a rare entity without initially provoking clinical symptoms, and causing clinical symptoms even years after the initial event. In most reported cases, wooden or metallic bodies are reported. In addition, hemostatic materials and non-resorbable cotton sheets can cause intracerebral granuloma. There is a high risk of infection with a high mortality rate in case of an existent intracranial abscess. In case of first presentation of seizures, a foreign body should be kept in mind if a traumatic injury cannot be reported. Therefore, possible foreign bodies provoking clinical symptom...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 8, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Steroid-resistant Tolosa-Hunt syndrome with a de novo intracavernous aneurysm: A case report.
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report of a growing de novo C4 aneurysm in THS. Surgical intervention and administration of MTX should be attempted in steroid-resistant THS. Careful observation with serial MRI and MR angiography is important to manage the complicated THS. PMID: 27920936 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 8, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Conversion technique from neuroendoscopy to microsurgery in ventricular tumors: Technical note.
CONCLUSIONS: The technique herein described was easy to perform, promptly bypassed the endoscopic limitations, and gathered excellent surgical results. The possibility of adapting the method to other tumor locations may be considered. PMID: 27920937 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 8, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Comparison of effectiveness between cork-screw and peg-screw electrodes for transcranial motor evoked potential monitoring using the finite element method.
CONCLUSION: Our main finding was that the intensity of electric fields in the brain are higher in the peg-screw model than the cork-screw model. PMID: 27920938 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 8, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Epigenetic mechanisms drive the progression of neurofibromas to malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.
Authors: Suresh K, Kliot T, Piunti A, Kliot M Abstract THINKING OUTSIDE THE BOX: The polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) is a histone methyltransferase complex known to repress gene expression. There is a large body of experimental evidence that supports its role in promoting tumorigenicity by suppressing tumor suppressor genes. Here, we discuss the surprising findings that, in neurofibromas, it may have a completely different role as a tumor suppressor; mutations of PRC2 lead to conversion of benign neurofibromas into malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) by de-repressing and thereby activating genes ...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 8, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

3D printing in neurosurgery: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that 3D printing techniques are practical and anatomically accurate methods of producing patient-specific models for surgical planning, simulation and training, tissue-engineered implants, and secondary devices. Expansion of this technology may, therefore, contribute to advancing the neurosurgical field from several standpoints. PMID: 27920940 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 8, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

My experience with a major hospital stroke team-What's wrong with "Modern" medicine.
My experience with a major hospital stroke team-What's wrong with "Modern" medicine. Surg Neurol Int. 2016;7(Suppl 34):S811-S813 Authors: Blaylock RL PMID: 27920941 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 8, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Skin flap complications after decompressive craniectomy and cranioplasty: Proposal of classification and treatment options.
CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, complications involving skin flaps after DC and post-DC cranioplasty cannot be considered a minor event because of their potential to further compromise the yet fragile conditions of these patients. Their management is complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach to get the better results. PMID: 27904753 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 3, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Polymethylmethacrylate imbedded with antibiotics cranioplasty: An infection solution for moderate and large defects reconstruction?
CONCLUSION: The infection rate in patients submitted to PMMA flap cranioplasty impregnated with antibiotic is significantly inferior comparing to the data described in medical literature. A lower infection incidence impacts secondary endpoints such as minimizing surgical morbidity, mortality, hospitalization period, and, consequently, costs. PMID: 27904754 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 3, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Paraplegia caused by cerebral contusions in the bilateral precentral gyri.
CONCLUSION: We must emphasize that cerebral contusion can be a differential diagnosis for paraplegia. In the acute phase, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI coronal and sagittal images are useful for identifying precentral gyri contusions. Paraplegia caused by a cerebral contusion may be misdiagnosed as a spinal concussion due to the disappearance of the precentral gyrus lesion on FLAIR MRI in the subacute phase. PMID: 27904755 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 3, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

CT-negative, MRI GRE-positive primary motor cortex contusion causing isolated foot drop.
CONCLUSION: Central causes of foot drop are exceptionally rare, however, they should be considered in all cases of post-traumatic dorsiflexion paresis. The key to the accurate diagnosis is a high index of suspicion as well as thorough and careful physical examination including reflex and sensory testing. Selective imaging modalities such as MRI or CT can then be used to verify the diagnosis. PMID: 27904756 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 3, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Brain hemorrhage after electrical burn injury: Case report and probable mechanism.
CONCLUSION: This is a report of a patient with an electric brain injury that can be useful to elucidate the behavior of the high voltage electrical current flow into the nervous system. PMID: 27904757 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 3, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Penetrating thoracic spinal cord injury with ice pick extending into the aorta. A technical note and review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: To the author's knowledge, this challenging case represents the first description of a successful removal of a penetrating thoracic spinal foreign body that terminated within the lumen of the thoracic aorta. PMID: 27904758 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 3, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A review of sub acute subdural hematoma (SASDH) with our institutional experience and its management by double barrel technique (DbT): A novel technique.
CONCLUSION: SASDH is an uncommon neurosurgical entity (0.89% of traumatic brain injury cases in our study) and mimics both CSDH as well as ASDH. The true incidence of SASDH may have been underestimated due to its clinical imitation with CSDH. This study in a South Asian nation also provides the epidemiological data of this rare neurosurgical entity. Outcome of surgery is good; our retrospective study confirms that "DbT" is an adequate and safe treatment. However, a better designed, randomized control trial will be needed to reinforce our findings. PMID: 27904759 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - December 3, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Entrapment of the sciatic nerve at the linea aspera: A case report and literature review.
CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of sciatic nerve entrapment at the linea aspera may present considerable difficulties. The clinical history and physical examination sometimes motivate the exploration and neurolysis of the nerve at this site. PMID: 27857853 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 21, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Commentary on effect of radiosurgery alone vs radiosurgery with whole brain radiation therapy on cognitive function in patients with 1-3 brain metastases by Brown et al. JAMA 2016;316:401-9.
Authors: Lunsford LD PMID: 27857854 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 21, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Reply to "Bone morphogenetic protein's contribution to pulmonary artery hypertension".
Reply to "Bone morphogenetic protein's contribution to pulmonary artery hypertension". Surg Neurol Int. 2016;7:91 Authors: King T, de Caestecker M, Lowery JW PMID: 27857855 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 21, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Pattern of recurrence and factors associated with cerebrospinal fluid dissemination of glioblastoma in Chinese patients.
CONCLUSION: The majority of recurrence remained local (22/36, 61%). However, CSF dissemination was up to 30% (11/36). PFS for patients with CSF dissemination was the longest, and paradoxically survival after progress was the shortest. Ventricular entry should be avoided. Whole craniospinal MRI surveillance should be included for these patients. PMID: 27857856 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 21, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Predictive parameters for the antecedent development of hip pathology associated with long segment fusions to the pelvis for the treatment of adult spinal deformity.
Authors: Kinon MD, Nasser R, Nakhla JP, Adogwa O, Moreno JR, Harowicz M, Verla T, Yassari R, Bagley CA Abstract BACKGROUND: The surgical treatment of adult scoliosis frequently involves long segment fusions across the lumbosacral joints that redistribute tremendous amounts of force to the remaining mobile spinal segments as well as to the pelvis and hip joints. Whether or not these forces increase the risk of femoral bone pathology remains unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between long segment spinal fusions to the pelvis and the antecedent development of degenerative hip pathologies as...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 21, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Erratum: The pros and cons of intraoperative CT scan in evaluation of deep brain stimulation lead implantation: A retrospective study.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. S551 in vol. 7, PMID: 27583182.]. PMID: 27857858 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 21, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Emergency decompressive craniectomy after removal of convexity meningiomas.
CONCLUSIONS: Brain shift on preoperative imaging is a substantial risk factor for postoperative neurological worsening in young adult patients after the removal of convexity meningiomas. Emergency decompressive craniectomy must be considered because it is effective in most cases. Other than consciousness impairment, there is no reliable clinical landmark to guide the decision to perform decompressive craniectomy; however, brain ischemia may have already occurred. PMID: 27857859 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 21, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Nickel release and surveying in surgical clip alopecia.
Authors: Rundle CW, Jacob SE PMID: 27857860 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 21, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research