What Can Spine Surgeons Do to Improve Patient Care and Avoid Medical Negligence Suits?
Conclusions: There are many reasons why patients sue their spine surgeons. Being aware of the factors that lead to suits, spine surgeons should learn to provide better preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care, and, thus, limit perioperative morbidity and mortality. PMID: 32257564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Factors affecting serum lactate in patients with intracranial tumors - A report of our series and review of the literature.
Authors: Ioannoni E, Grande G, Olivi A, Antonelli M, Caricato A, Montano N Abstract Background: A hyperlactemia may occur in the presence of tissue hypoperfusion, in diseases affecting metabolism and in cases of malignant neoplasm. However, the factors affecting the serum lactate levels in patients submitted to craniotomy for the resection of an intracranial tumor have been investigated only marginally. Here, we assessed the factors possibly affecting the levels of serum lactate in intracranial tumors and carried out a thorough literature review on this topic. Methods: All patients submitted to elective craniot...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Loss of consciousness at ictus and/or poor World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grade on admission reflects the impact of EBI and predicts poor outcome in patients with SAH.
Conclusion: Combined LOC at ictus and/or poor initial WFNS grade (3-5) reflects the impact of EBI and was a useful surrogate marker of poor prognosis in SAH patients, independent of patients' age and state of DCI. PMID: 32257566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

SNI case of the week: Initial concomitant use of gabapentin, clonidine, and prednisone may enhance suicidal ideation: A case report.
Conclusion: Concomitant administration of gabapentin, prednisone, and clonidine, especially if used for the first time, may play a synergistic effect in increasing a patient's suicide risk. PMID: 32257567 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Anterolateral S1 screw malposition detected with intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring during posterior lumbosacral fusion.
Authors: Cousiño JPC, Luna F, Torche M, Vigueras S, Torche E, Valdés G Abstract Background: The standard of care is to utilize intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IOM) of triggered electromyography (tEMG) during posterior lumbosacral instrumented-fusion surgery. IOM should theoretically signal misplacement of S1 screws into the neural L5-S1 foramen or spinal canal, utilizing screw stimulation, and recording of the lower limb muscles and the anal sphincter. Here, we evaluated when and whether anterolateral S1 screw malposition could be detected by IOM/tEMG during open posterior lumbosacral in...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Orbital myxoma: A case report.
Conclusion: Intraosseous orbital myxomas are exceedingly rare entities. Although they are considered benign neoplasms, myxomas demonstrate high recurrence rates. The authors report a unique case of an orbital myxoma that was successfully treated through an orbitozygomatic approach achieving gross total resection. PMID: 32257569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Infrared thermography mapping plus neuronavigation target location in an eloquent area cavernoma resection.
Conclusion: More studies are needed to better understand the thermic radiation of the brain in health and in disease, but we believe that evaluating brain temperature, it could be possible to improve accuracy in neurosurgery and generate more knowledge about brain metabolism in vivo. PMID: 32257570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Postoperative cardiorespiratory arrest in a case of cervical meningocele.
Conclusion: A meningocele surgery is usually not associated with severe postoperative complications which can be encountered in meningomyelocele surgery. Here, in our case, the child with uneventful meningocele surgery arrested 2 h postsurgery with the possible cause being cervical cord edema. Hence, a lesson was learned that strict vigilance is also required in postoperative care for meningocele patients. PMID: 32257571 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Efficacy of intra-arterial indocyanine green angiography for the microsurgical treatment of dural arteriovenous fistula: A case report.
Conclusion: ICG videoangiography is a better method compared with DSA in terms of visualizing fine vascular lesions. In contrast to the typical intravenous administration, selective IA-ICG can be repeatedly injected at a minimal dose. IA-ICG is a useful intraoperative tool that can be used to evaluate the elimination of the dAVF. PMID: 32257572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Assessment of postoperative complications in craniopharyngioma patients: An approach based on the heterogeneous tumor-hypothalamus relationship.
Authors: Prieto R, Pascual JM, Barrios L PMID: 32257573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Primary empty sella syndrome associated with visual deterioration salvaged by chiasmapexy: Report of a case and discussion of the literature.
Conclusion: ESS is a potentially potent cause of visual deterioration that lends itself to reversal through a relatively simple neurosurgical technique. This case illustrates that actual prolapse of the chiasm is neither a prerequisite for visual deterioration nor its reversal the mechanism of visual improvement after chiasmapexy, raising the question of the mechanisms at play in cases such as this. It confirms the role of chiasmapexy in the management of selected cases of ESS. PMID: 32257574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Dual antiplatelet therapy in a patient with simultaneous aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and myocardial infarction.
Conclusion: Cerebral aneurysm coiling could be considered as the first choice of treatment in the case of acute MI with hemodynamic stability, before carrying out cardiac endovascular intervention or antiplatelet medication to reduce the risk of rebleeding from a brain aneurysm. PMID: 32257575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Clipping versus coiling in unruptured anterior cerebral circulation aneurysms.
Conclusion: Clipping and coiling were both safe and feasible in the treatment of unruptured aneurysms. The clipping was advantageous in durability, while the rate of morbidity was lower, and hospitalization period was shorter in the coiling group. The clipping and coiling should coexist while complementing each other by understanding the advantages and disadvantages of both. PMID: 32257576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Solitary osteochondroma of the cervical spine presenting with quadriparesis and hand contracture.
Conclusion: Here, we report the successful management of a 15-year-old female with a C3-C4 osteochondroma and progressive quadriparesis through cervical laminectomy/fusion. PMID: 32257577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Failure of C2-3 anterior arthrodesis for the treatment of atypical Hangman's fractures: A three case series.
Conclusion: Anterior arthrodesis can be utilized to treat AHF, but often fail when addressing AHF. All AHF warranted secondary posterior fusions (e.g., C1-C3 two cases; and C1-C4 one case) and a subset may additionally require more extensive anterior fusions (e.g., C2-C4 with corpectomy of C3). PMID: 32257578 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Efficacy of a topical gelatin-thrombin hemostatic matrix, FLOSEAL ®, in intracranial tumor resection.
Conclusion: Our results indicate that FLOSEAL is a reliable, convenient, and safe topical hemostatic agent for intracranial tumor resection. PMID: 32123604 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Spinal intramedullary epidermoid cysts: Three case presentations and literature review.
Conclusion: IECs are rare lesions; here, the three located in the thoracic spine, contributed to slow, progressive spastic paraparesis with/without incontinence, and resolved following total (2 patients) and partial (1 patient) resection. PMID: 32123605 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Symptomatic pulmonary cement embolism after pedicle screw polymethylmethacrylate cement augmentation: A case report and review.
Conclusion: Despite the increased use of cement augmentation for pedicle screw placement and the relatively high incidence of cement leakage into the prevertebral venous system, symptomatic cement pulmonary embolism remains rare. The management of such symptomatic CPE should be evaluated and treated based on both the size and location of the embolism. Here, we presented this case while reviewing three symptomatic and four asymptomatic cases from the literature. PMID: 32123606 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Traumatic cervical spine injury: Short-and medium-term prognostic factors in 102 patients.
Conclusion: Here, we identified two significant risk factors for predicting poor outcomes following CSI; poor initial Frankel Grades A and B and neurovegetative disorders at the time of original presentation. PMID: 32123607 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Unilateral atlantoaxial pseudoarticulation: A case report, literature review, and proposed mechanism.
Conclusion: Here, the authors present a case of occiput-C1-C2 pseudojoint formation, leading to clinical and radiographic findings of cord compression due to boney outgrowth. PMID: 32123608 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Adaptive radiosurgery based on two simultaneous dose prescriptions in the management of large renal cell carcinoma brain metastases in critical areas: Towards customization.
Authors: Sinclair G, Stenman M, Benmakhlouf H, Johnstone P, Wersäll P, Lindskog M, Hatiboglu MA, Harmenberg U Abstract Background: The long-term benefits of local therapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) have been widely documented. In this context, single fraction gamma knife radiosurgery (SF-GKRS) is routinely used in the management of brain metastases. However, SF-GKRS is not always feasible due to volumetric and regional constraints. We intend to illustrate how a dose-volume adaptive hypofractionated GKRS technique based on two concurrent dose prescriptions termed rapid rescue radiosurgery (RRR) c...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Parietal transventricular approach for medial temporal glioma: A technical report.
Conclusion: The parietal approach can be used for excision of medial temporal lesions, especially those involving or extending into its posterior limits. In the presence of concurrent parietal and MTL lesions, both lesions can be removed through a single parietal approach rather than a separate approach for MTLy. It offers additional advantages of the preservation of optic radiations as well as the temporal neocortex. The visual orientation of MTL structures is different when viewed from the parietal approach as compared to the temporal approaches. The parietal approach provides in line orientation of medial temporal struc...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The role of full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy in patients with neurodegenerative disorders: Technical note and short literature review.
Conclusion: Here, we present a rare instance of a patient with IBP who successfully underwent a TFED for an LDH performed under local anesthesia utilizing mild sedation, avoiding the risks of general anesthesia. PMID: 32123611 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Utilizing vertebral body autograft for anterior cervical corpectomy/fusion.
Conclusion: This corpectomy reconstructive technique takes advantage of the favorable osteogenic properties of autograft, while avoiding donor site morbidity as well as the cost and complications of other devices, such as cages. Further cases are required to verify the safety, efficacy, and biomechanical stability of this technique. PMID: 32123612 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Cost comparison among punctate midline myelotomy, intrathecal pain pump, and spinal cord epidural stimulator.
Authors: Aljuboori Z, Meyer K, Sharma M, Ball T, Nauta H Abstract Background: Invasive pain procedures can be valuable tools to manage chronic pain. Here, we compared the costs of three procedures used to address chronic pain; punctate midline myelotomy (PMM), placement of a spinal cord stimulator (SCS), or placement of an intrathecal pain pump (ITPP). Case Description: This retrospective chart review yielded 9 patients with chronic pain syndromes; 3 had PMM, 3 had SCS, and 3 had ITPP procedures. Variables studied included; pain type, the procedures performed, and the cost of each procedure. The Wilcoxon rank-s...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Fetal subependymal giant cell astrocytoma: A case report and review of the literature.
Conclusion: In the latest follow-up MRI, at the age of two, the SEGA remained unchanged. Management of these tumors in neonates is challenging, mainly due to high morbidity and mortality of surgical treatment in these ages. PMID: 32123614 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The relationship between preoperative predictive factors for clinical outcome in patients operated for lumbar spinal stenosis by decompressive laminectomy.
Conclusion: Decompressive laminectomy without fusion effectively managed LSS. It reduced patients' use of pain, anxiety, and antidepressant medications. In addition, we found that increased preoperative BMIs contributed to poorer postoperative outcomes (e.g., ODI values). PMID: 32123615 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia spondylodiscitis following lumbar microdiscectomy mimicking a cotton granuloma: A case report and literature review.
Conclusion: S. maltophilia causing vertebral osteomyelitis is extremely rare and can sometimes mimic a cotton granuloma. MR diagnosis, surgical decompression, and obtaining cultures are requisite to direct appropriate antibiotic therapy. PMID: 32123616 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - March 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A novel temporary cranial fixation device for awake cranial surgery: Technical report of 14 cases.
Conclusion: The temporary plunger type fixator provided a simple method to economize on local anesthetic use, check the patient's head position before final fixation, and ensure that the Mayfield pins matched with the anesthetized area. PMID: 32038884 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - February 11, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Trans-lamina terminalis approach assisted by endovascular temporary basilar artery occlusion for high-positioned, recurrent, basilar tip aneurysm: A technical case report.
Conclusion: Microsurgical clipping through the trans-lamina terminalis approach combined with an endovascular technique can be effective for basilar tip aneurysms. This approach is particularly useful for high-positioned, small, anterior projective aneurysms and cases with dilation of the third ventricle due to hydrocephalus or clot. PMID: 32038885 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - February 11, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Neurenteric cyst secondary to lumboperitoneal shunt.
Conclusion: Unlike ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts and LP shunts do not contain valves, making the retrograde passage of enterogenous cells possible when abdominal pressure exceeds lumbar subarachnoid pressure, especially in the morbidly obese patient. PMID: 32038886 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - February 11, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Congenital absence of a lumbosacral facet joint: A case report.
Conclusion: Patients presenting for lumbar surgery may have unilaterally absent lumbosacral zygapophyseal joints, which may impact the outcome of surgical treatment. PMID: 32038887 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - February 11, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Two cases of symptomatic common carotid artery occlusion treated by carotid endarterectomy with L-shaped ministernotomy.
Conclusion: There were no complications resulting from partial sternotomy in the two cases presented. CEA with partial sternotomy could be an effective treatment option for CCAO in which the internal carotid artery is patent and thrombus extends to the proximal CCA. PMID: 31966920 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Current advancements in the management of spinal cord injury: A comprehensive review of literature.
Conclusion: Despite recent advancements, more clinical trials on a larger scale and further research are needed to provide better treatment modalities of this devastating neurological disease. PMID: 31966921 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A case of a facial nerve venous malformation presenting with crocodile tear syndrome.
Conclusion: We present a case of crocodile tear syndrome caused by a facial nerve venous malformation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only case reported in literature. PMID: 31966922 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Posterior epidural migration of a lumbar disc herniation.
Conclusion: Lumbar disc herniations rarely present as PEMLDF resulting in symptoms varying from radiculopathy to cauda equina syndrome. These should be included among the differential diagnostic considerations for dorsolateral epidural lesions. PMID: 31966923 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Medical schools in times of war: Integrating conflict medicine in medical education.
Authors: Fares J, Fares MY, Fares Y Abstract Amid the rise in conflict and war and their ensuing repercussions, traumatic injuries, psychological distress, and communicable diseases spread widely. Today, health-care providers in the Middle East are faced with new and unfamiliar cases resulting from the use of new and advanced types of weapons. In addition, there has not been enough emphasis on hands-on experiences in medical school, which can be imperative in times of war. Lack of academia is another inadequacy that limits the transmission of knowledge onto the newer generations. Here, we will shed light on the ina...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Primary Ewing's sarcoma of the petroclival bone: A case report and literature review.
Conclusions: This is the third case of primary ES of the petroclival bone to be reported in the literature. In this patient, management consisted of surgical incisional biopsy followed by adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy. Knowledge and awareness of this type of tumor is important for the skull base surgeon. PMID: 31966925 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Rare case of giant pediatric cavernous angioma of the temporal lobe: A case report and review of the literature.
Conclusion: This and 12 other cases in the literature focus on intracranial cavernous angiomas that could have been readily misdiagnosed as tumors. It confirms why obtaining appropriate preoperative MR and CT studies, followed by surgical intervention, is essential to confirm the correct underlying pathology and appropriately and optimally treat the patient. PMID: 31966926 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Epithelioid glioblastoma presenting as multicentric glioma: A case report and review of the literature.
Conclusion: Epithelioid GBM is one of the rarest morphologic subtypes of GBM and has a strongly infiltrative and aggressive nature. Therefore, careful identification of preoperative imaging studies and detailed evaluation of genetic studies are necessary to select the appropriate treatment for epithelioid GBM. PMID: 31966927 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Rare acute idiopathic subdural hematoma: A case report and literature review.
Conclusion: This case report and literature review focused on the rarity of acute idiopathic/spontaneous subdural hematomas. PMID: 31966928 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Orbitofrontal approach for the fenestration of a symptomatic sellar arachnoid cyst.
Conclusion: SACs are rare with no consensus on the indications for surgery. Our experience suggests that fenestration of SAC through transcranial approach is a valid option for patients with visual deficit and/or pituitary dysfunction. PMID: 31966929 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Contemporaneous avulsion fractures of the inferior clivus and bilateral occipital condyles with injury of the tectorial membrane.
Conclusion: Bilateral condyle fractures with a concomitant inferior clivus fracture are rare, and there is no known optimal strategy. Here, in an intact patient, instability of the CCJ warranted an O-C2 fusion. PMID: 31966930 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Effect of forced-air warming blanket position in elective lumbar spine surgery: Intraoperative body temperature and postoperative complications.
Authors: Buraimoh MA, Nash A, Howard B, Yousaf I, Koh E, Banagan K, Gelb D, Schreibman D, Ludwig SC Abstract Background: Perioperative hypothermia is linked to multiple postoperative complications including increased surgical bleeding, surgical site infection, myocardial events, and increased length of hospital stay. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of forced-air warming blanket position, above the shoulders versus under the trunk/legs, on intraoperative core body temperature and perioperative complications in elective lumbar spine surgery. Methods: After IRB approval, patients were enrolle...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 2, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Mirror meningioma at foramen magnum: Enigma in management of a very rare case.
Conclusion: There is no single best surgical approach for FMMs and the optimal approach should be defined according to the localization and the extent of the tumor to minimize the extent of resultant morbidity. Although complete excision of the tumor is the aim of surgery, it is safer to leave portions of tumor that is adherent to critical structures which can be managed by Gamma Knife radiosurgery. PMID: 31893131 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 2, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intratumoral continuous facial nerve stimulation for surgical resection of cystic vestibular schwannoma: Technical note.
Conclusion: ICFS is suitable for the preservation of facial nerve function in surgical resection of CVS in cases in which electrode placement at the REZ is difficult. PMID: 31893132 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 2, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Acute presentation of spinal gouty arthritis: A case report and review of literature.
Conclusion: Gout rarely initially presents in a young adult in the spine. Here, we reviewed the case of spinal gout in a 26-year-old male who successfully underwent spinal surgery. PMID: 31893133 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 2, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Many Intraoperative Monitoring Modalities Have Been Developed To Limit Injury During Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF/MIS XLIF): Does That Mean XLIF/MIS XLIF Are Unsafe?
Conclusion: Multiple studies have offered different IONM techniques to avert neurological injuries following MIS XLIF/XLIF. Does this mean that these procedures (e.g. XLIF/MIS XLIF) are unsafe? PMID: 31893134 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 2, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the orbit and frontal sinus of the adult woman: A first case report in Poland.
Conclusion: The main purpose of this case report is that LCH should be considered as one of the possible causes of quickly appearing tumor of the orbit in adults. PMID: 31893135 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 2, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Thoracolumbar pilomyxoid astrocytoma concomitant with spinal scoliosis: A case report and literature review.
Conclusion: We recommend the early performance of a thoracic MR in children with idiopathic scoliosis presenting with the onset of a significant spastic paraparesis. PMID: 31893136 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - January 2, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research