Microvascular anastomosis under 3D exoscope or endoscope magnification: A proof-of-concept study.
Conclusion: Depth perception and high resolution at highest magnification are required for microvascular bypass procedures. Execution of standard microanastomosis techniques was unsuccessful using 2D imaging modalities because of depth-perception-related constraints. Microvascular anastomosis is feasible under 3D exoscopic visualization; however, at highest magnification, the depth perception is inferior to that provided by a standard operative microscope, which impedes the procedure. PMID: 30105125 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Tension pneumocephalus from skull base surgery: A case report and review of the literature.
Conclusion: Our experience reflects that definitive treatment of tension pneumocephalus is required with multilayered dural repair, but temporising measures should be used immediately to prevent neurological deterioration prior to the definitive repair. PMID: 30105126 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Epidural venous plexus engorgement due to inferior vena cava thrombosis resulting in cauda equina syndrome: Case report and literature review.
Conclusions: Here we report a patient who uniquely presented with a CES characterized by acute paraparesis. This was attributed to a massively engorged anterior lumbar epidural venous plexus attributed to newly diagnosed IVC thrombus. PMID: 30105127 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Pseudotumor cerebri comorbid with meningioma: A review and case series.
Conclusion: This case series demonstrates that it is important to keep PTC in the differential diagnosis even when mass lesions such as meningiomas are discovered. Although PTC, as the name indicates, is classically diagnosed in patients without intracranial tumors, it is critical that this not be used as an absolute exclusion criterion. Finally, this case series supports the hypothesis that venous obstruction can result in PTC. PMID: 30105128 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Rapid malignant progression of an intraparenchymal choroid plexus papillomas.
Authors: Ruggeri L, Alberio N, Alessandrello R, Cinquemani G, Gambadoro C, Lipani R, Maugeri R, Nobile F, Iacopino DG, Urrico G, Battaglia R Abstract Background: Choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) are rare neoplasms accounting for only 0.3-0.6% of all brain tumors in adults and 2-5% in children. The World Health Organization (WHO) classification describes three histological grades: grade I is choroid plexus papilloma (CPP), grade II is atypical papilloma, and grade III is the malignant form of carcinoma. In adults, CPTs rarely have a supratentorial localization. Case Description: Here we report a very rare case of an...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Management of patent foramen ovale in patients with cryptogenic stroke: Is device closure superior to medical treatment? A brief review.
Authors: Sidia B, Saleh C, El Issa M, Mono ML Abstract Background: Recent randomized controlled trial (RCTs) comparing percutaneous closure with antithrombotic treatment in patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO) and cryptogenic stroke revealed inconsistent results. Indeed, there is still no consensus on the management of these patients, namely closure or medical therapy treatment. Methods: To take stock of the PFO management after cryptogenic stroke, we conducted a literature review that included 16 articles dealing with different therapeutic strategies and long-term outcomes of these results. Results: Th...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Bilateral stereotactic lesions and chronic stimulation of the anterior thalamic nuclei for treatment of pharmacoresistant epilepsy.
Conclusions: Stereotactic anterior thalamotomy and chronic ANT stimulation are both effective for seizure control in epilepsy originated from frontal and temporal lobes. ANT lesions and stimulation were more effective for secondary-generalized seizures compared to simple partial seizures. PMID: 30105131 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Short review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for Surgical Neurology International: Two important RCT articles for 2018 - Part I.
Authors: Lo BWY, Fukuda H, Miyawaki S, Koyanagi M PMID: 30105132 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A giant partially thrombosed, partially filling, and partially calcified intracranial aneurysm.
Authors: Singla N, Aggarwal A PMID: 30105133 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Transzygomatic approach plus mini-peeling of middle fossa for devascularization of sphenoid wing meningiomas. Technical note.
Conclusions: The transzygomatic approach combined with mini-peeling of the anterior third of the middle fossa is effective in allowing early devascularization of sphenoid wing meningiomas. These maneuvers are particularly important during resection of large tumors. PMID: 30105134 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

One burr-hole craniotomy: Anterior interhemispheric approach in Helsinki Neurosurgery.
Conclusion: The described one burr-hole craniotomy may represent a more efficient manner for performing an anterior interhemispheric approach. Videolink: http://surgicalneurologyint.com/videogallery/anterior-interhemispheric-approach/. PMID: 30105135 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Cervical C2 to C4 schwannoma with intratumoral hemorrhage presenting as acute spastic quadriparesis: A rare case report.
Conclusion: Spinal schwannomas rarely present with intratumoral hemorrhage and acute spastic quadriparesis. Immediate operative decompression may lead to excellent postoperative neurological recovery. PMID: 30105136 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Dorsal accessory ectopic breast with polythelia - A marker of occult spinal dysraphism.
Conclusion: Dorsal accessory breast, although a rare entity, whenever present should alert the clinician regarding the possibility of an underlying occult spinal dysraphism (OSD). Therefore, dorsal accessory breast can also be considered as a marker of OSD. PMID: 30105137 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Preoperative and intraoperative perfusion magnetic resonance imaging in a RELA fusion-positive anaplastic ependymoma: A case report.
Conclusions: MR perfusion imaging may be a useful method for delineating tumor aggressiveness and borders, which can be prognostic. PMID: 30105138 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Epithelioid pituicytoma: An unusual case report.
Conclusion: The epithelioid variant of pituicytomas differs from the commonly encountered forms of this tumor which typically present in a fascicular pattern. Microsurgical resection is the treatment of choice. However, in many cases, subtotal resection was performed because of a considerable risk for neurovascular injuries. PMID: 30105139 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Adjuvant radiotherapy and outcomes of presumed hemorrhagic melanoma brain metastases without malignant cells.
Conclusion: Although small foci of metastatic disease as a source of bleeding for some patients cannot be excluded, melanoma patients with a suspected hemorrhagic brain metastasis that shows no tumor cells on pathology may benefit from close observation. The local recurrence risk in such cases appears to be low, even without adjuvant radiation. PMID: 30105140 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Hangman's fracture surgical management with posterior C2-4 fusion: Case description and literature review.
Conclusions: The optimal management of unstable hangman's fractures remains controversial. They represent challenging cases, and new treatment options are available. Here, we successfully utilized a C2 transarticular and C3-4 transfacet screw fusion without neurological sequelae. PMID: 30105141 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Unique case of trigeminal neuralgia due to Epstein-Barr-virus-associated B-cell lymphomatoid granulomatosis of the Meckel's cave and cavernous sinus: Important clinical and therapeutic implications.
Conclusions: LYG, an angiodestructive disease associated with EBV reactivation in the context of immune dysfunction and often associated with an aggressive behavior or even malignant transformation, should be considered as a rare differential diagnosis of TN associated with skull base lesions. The management of this rare disease is still controversial and varies from limiting the treatment to correcting immune dysfunction up to chemotherapy. In this case of an isolated mass, surgical excision and discontinuation of immunosuppressants were effective to prevent the relapse of the disease in a long-term follow-up. PMID: 3...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intraventricular metastasis mimicking meningioma.
Authors: Singh SK, Agarwal H, Singh P, Goel K PMID: 30105143 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The role of inflammation and potential use of sex steroids in intracranial aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Conclusion: Inflammation may play a role in the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysm formation and subarachnoid hemorrhage, and administration of sex hormones as anti-inflammatory agents has been associated with improved functional outcome in experimental models. Further studies are needed to determine the therapeutic role of these hormones in the intracranial aneurysms and aSAH. PMID: 30105144 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Diploic mature teratoma originating from the orbital roof: An extremely rare case report.
Conclusion: To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first documented diploic origin of mature teratoma at the orbital roof. PMID: 30105145 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Definitions and treatments for chiari-1 malformations and its variants: Focused review.
Authors: Epstein NE Abstract Background: Reviewing the neurosurgical literature demonstrated that spinal neurosurgeons rarely (0.78%) diagnose chiari-1 malformation (CM-1) in adults on magnetic resonance (MR) studies defined by tonsillar descent>5 mm below the foramen magnum (FM). Children, averaging 10 years of age, exhibit CM-1 in 96/100,000 cases. According to the literature, fewer spinal neurosurgeons additionally recognize and treat the low lying cerebellar tonsil (LLCT) syndrome. Methods: The normal location of the cerebellar tonsils on cranial/cervical MR averages 2.9 mm ± 3.4 mm above or up to...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 16, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Role of bevacizumab for treatment-refractory meningiomas: A systematic analysis and literature review.
Conclusions: Therapeutic bevacizumab, either alone or with combination chemotherapies, for select patient populations with recurrent or progressive meningiomas, offers a treatment option that confers improved overall progression-free survival. To assess OS parameters, larger randomized controlled trials assessing the use of anti-angiogenic agents for recurrent/progressive meningiomas are warranted. PMID: 30090665 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 10, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Surgical and neurological complications in temporal lobe epilepsy surgery in modern era.
Conclusions: Anterior temporal lobe resection is a safe and very effective surgical modality for the treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy. However, unexpected complications may be possible in this modern era and a surgeon should trust in him/herself not in modern equipments. PMID: 30090666 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 10, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Endovascular reconstruction for a kinked internal carotid artery after carotid endarterectomy.
Conclusions: This case shows that CAS could be a potential therapeutic option for the management of symptomatic kinking stenosis of the ICA after CEA. PMID: 30090667 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 10, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

White cord syndrome: A devastating complication of spinal decompression surgery.
Conclusion: Very few cases of reperfusion injury of the cervical spinal cord or "white cord syndrome" are described in the literature. Here we present a patient who, following cervical laminectomy and fusion for excision of metastatic tumor, developed quadriplegia. Notably, postoperative MR showed only findings of upper cervical cord and lower brain stem edema consistent with a "white cord syndrome" without other compressive pathology. PMID: 30090668 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - August 10, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Can the position of the vertebral artery be predicted on a lateral view X-ray of the craniovertebral junction? A radiological anatomy study.
This article proposes predicting the position of the vertebral artery on a true lateral X-ray of the axis vertebra from the background information acquired from the computed tomography (CT) scan utilizing fluoroscopy. Methods: Spiral CT scans of 33 C2 vertebrae were performed utilizing a 16-slice CT scanner lateral X-rays of C2 were then obtained before and after painting the vertebral artery grooves with barium. The space available for transarticular and C2 pedicle screw insertion above the vertebral artery groove in the isthmus was then calculated as a ratio for both X-rays and CT scans. Results: There was no sta...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Mobile cauda equina schwannomas: How to deal with this rare event and avoid surgical complications.
Conclusion: Great care must be taken in the surgical resection of schwannomas as they may migrate from their initial location. PMID: 30034916 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Preoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging in patients undergoing surgery for tumors around left (dominant) inferior frontal gyrus region.
Conclusions: Neuroplasticity in the brain may enable functional language areas to shift to adjoining or distant regions in the brain when the primary areas are involved by intrinsic tumors. This phenomenon is more likely in slow-growing compared to fast-growing tumors. Preoperative language fMRI may help us in identifying and protecting these areas during surgery. PMID: 30034917 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Left orbital roof giant cell tumor of bone: A case report.
Conclusion: Standard treatments of skull-base giant cell tumors have yet to be established due to small number of cases reported in the literature. The standard treatment of giant cell tumor of bone is complete resection of the tumor. PMID: 30034918 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Erratum: Utility of magnetic resonance cisternography with intrathecal gadolinium in detection of cerebrospinal fluid fistula associated with Mondini dysplasia in a patient with recurrent meningitis: Case report and literature review.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article on p. 92 in vol. 9, PMID: 29770252.]. PMID: 30009082 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Posterior longitudinal ligament and its implications in intradural cervical disc herniation: Case report and review of the literature.
Conclusion: Performing an ACDF for resection of an intradural calcified/ossified disc with OPLL often results in both a dural defect and CSF fistula. As the arachnoid membrane rarely remains intact, the spine surgeon should be prepared to immediately perform both a WP shunt, and subsequently, an LP. In this case, following an ACDF, resection of an intradural ossified disc with OPLL resulted in an isolated dural defect without a CSF fistula and did not require no dural repair or shunting procedures. PMID: 30009083 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Microsurgical clipping for anterior communicating artery aneurysm associated with the accessory anterior cerebral artery via the pterional approach.
Conclusion: In treating this aneurysm via the pterional approach, selection of approach side it is critical to preserve prevent the patency of the accessory ACA and to simultaneously perform aneurysm clipping without leaving a neck remnant. Selecting the optimal approach based on preoperative neuroimaging of which side will allow both these actions is important. PMID: 30009084 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Use of intraoperative X-ray to differentiate between reducible versus irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation.
Conclusion: Here, we divided irreducible AAD into two categories: a) reducible-utilizing a thumb maneuver to compress/push the C2 spinous process forward with the patient positioned prone and b) irreducible-those who cannot be reduced with this technique. A posterior only approach was sufficient for those with "reducible" AAD, whereas those who could not be reduced required an anterior release followed by posterior fusion. PMID: 30009085 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Adult intramedullary epidermoid cyst without spinal dysraphism: A case report.
Conclusion: IECs are rare lesions, typically found in conjunction with spinal dysraphism. Utilizing MRI studies to document the lesion location, gross total microsurgical excision is the procedure of choice. Early excision of these benign lesions maximizes functional recovery. PMID: 30009086 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Retained distal protection device during carotid artery stenting necessitating carotid endarterectomy: A complication and management considerations.
Conclusions: Carotid artery angioplasty and stenting utilizing distal protection devices is a commonly employed technique that may rarely result in retained devices. Knowledge of how to retrieve foreign bodies and the salvage techniques are essential to prevent complications from CAS. PMID: 30009087 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Single-session percutaneous embolization with onyx and coils of sinus pericranii.
Conclusion: This is the first case of an SP successfully treated in a single session by embolization with coils and onyx. PMID: 29963324 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 4, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Minimally invasive spine surgery in the pediatric and adolescent population: A case series.
Conclusion: Our series illustrates the effective application of MIS techniques among carefully selected pediatric patients. Emphasis is on using a smaller (16 mm) tubular retractor and causing minimal disruption of paraspinal osseo-tendinous structures. MIS techniques can be successfully applied to the pediatric and adolescent age group. PMID: 29963325 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 4, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Surgical removal of an arteriovenous malformation in the anterior perforated substance in a pregnant woman.
Conclusions: Surgical strategy with a device-administered anesthesia are suitable for removing large AVMs even in pregnant women and for the successful outcome of their pregnancies. Even after recovering from a coma and hemiplegia, MEP monitoring is effective for removing large AVMs even when located in the APS. PMID: 29963326 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - July 4, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection in brain glioma patients: Is the virus protective from gliomas?
Conclusion: Our results corroborate the protective effect of HIV positivity vis-à -vis gliomas. This "antiglioma effect" could be attributed to either the HIV, its treatment, or both. Future studies focused on this "effect" may help unveil better preventative and possible therapeutic avenues for gliomas. PMID: 29930869 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Pediatric infratentorial subdural empyema: A case report.
Conclusion: While prompt identification and treatment of subdural infratentorial empyemas are crucial for favorable outcomes, their diagnosis in children might be initially missed. This is, in part because they are so rare and in part, because imaging artifacts arising from the complex posterior fossa anatomy may obscure their presence in the computer tomography (CT) scan. Therefore, high level of suspicion is necessary, given the appropriate history and clinical presentation. In children, this is a recent history of protracted otitis media and central nervous system symptomatology-cerebellar or other. PMID: 29930870 [...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Stenotic changes of the posterior cerebral artery are a major contributing factor for cerebral infarction in moyamoya disease.
We examined data from 93 patients with confirmed MMD for the presence of infarction (n = 72), transient ischemic attack (TIA, n = 41), asymptomatic presentation (n = 51), or hemorrhage (n = 22) in 186 bilateral cerebral hemispheres. We analyzed the relationship between the occurrence of infarction and several clinical factors, such as steno-occlusive status or the site of the ICA and posterior cerebral artery (PCA). Results: The incidence of PCA steno-occlusive lesions was significantly higher in infarcted (77.8%) than in non-infarcted hemispheres (TIA, 14.6%; asymptomatic, 9.8%; hemorrhagic 9.1%; P
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

A review of the diagnosis and management of vertebral basilar (posterior) circulation disease.
Authors: Ausman JI, Liebeskind DS, Gonzalez N, Saver J, Martin N, Villablanca JP, Vespa P, Duckwiler G, Jahan R, Niu T, Salamon N, Yoo B, Tateshima S, Buitrago Blanco MM, Starkman S Abstract We have reviewed the English literature published in the last 70 years on Diseases of the Vertebral Basilar Circulation, or Posterior Circulation Disease (PCD). We have found that errors have been made in the conduct and interpretation of these studies that have led to incorrect approaches to the management of PCD. Because of the difficulty in evaluating the PC, the management of PCD has been incorrectly applied from anterior c...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Intracranial complications of acute bacterial endocarditis.
Conclusion: Here, we reviewed the literature for intracranial pathology accompanying ABE versus SBE. ABE typically results in acute ischemia, septic emboli, stroke/hemorrhagic infarcts, or ICH. SBE more classically produces septic microemboli and mycotic aneurysms that may leak, but rarely producing ICH. We also presented a patient with ABE attributed to S. aureus whose septic emboli/stroke was accompanied by a mycotic aneurysm; the ruptured resulting in a large right occipital ICH. PMID: 29930873 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Fluoroscopy only for the placement of long iliac screws: A study on 14 patients.
Conclusions: Placement of long iliac screws under intraoperative fluoroscopy only was shown to be feasible, with a high accuracy rate and few complications, in this series of patients. PMID: 29930874 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Multiple meningiomas in two male-to-female transsexual patients with hormone replacement therapy: A report of two cases and a brief literature review.
Conclusion: Radiological screening may be justifiable for transsexual patients with a history of long-standing HRT and special focus should be paid to transsexual patients displaying new neurological symptoms or those already diagnosed with a meningioma. PMID: 29930875 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the choroid plexus: A case report and review of the literature.
Conclusion: We present a rare case of primary choroid plexus lymphoma, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of choroid plexus tumors. PMID: 29930876 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Giant parieto-occipital lobe pediatric gliosarcoma: Report of a rare entity and review of literature.
Conclusion: To our knowledge, this case constitutes the second youngest case reported in the literature with the lesion in the parieto-occipital region and the third youngest in all pediatric cases of gliosarcoma. This case demonstrates that possibility of gliosarcoma should always be kept in mind in children presenting with features of intracranial high-grade glial tumor. This case also suggests that significant residual after surgery is one variable that may affect the prognosis despite radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. PMID: 29930877 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

The role of radiosurgery in the acute management of fourth ventricle compression due to brain metastases.
Conclusion: For this series, 3R was effective in terms of rapid tumor ablation, V4 decompression, and limited radiation-induced toxicity. This surgical procedure may become an additional tool in the management of intractable posterior fossa metastasis with V4 compression. PMID: 29930878 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Management of autonomic dysreflexia associated with Charcot spinal arthropathy in a patient with complete spinal cord injury: Case report and review of the literature.
Conclusions: Based on our case and published reports, vigilant imaging and thorough physical examination in long-standing spinal cord injury could help early diagnosis and treatment of CSA, theoretically preventing development of cord atrophy and subsequent long-term sequelae. Surgical correction rather than bracing may be recommended in patients who have complete injury at or above T6 in patients with symptoms of autonomic dysreflexia associated with CSA confirmed on neuroimaging. PMID: 29930879 [PubMed] (Source: Surgical Neurology International)
Source: Surgical Neurology International - June 24, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research