Test yourself against real surgeons in a giant game of Operation
Surgeons from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) will be challenging passers-by to a giant game of Operation in Clifton Down Shopping Centre on 20 May to mark International Clinical Trials Day. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - May 15, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, Public engagement; Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, Institutes, Bristol Population Health Science Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, Translational Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Popu Source Type: news

Faster walkers more likely to live longer
(National Institute for Health Research) People who report that they have a slower walking pace have a lower life expectancy than fast walkers, according to a new study conducted by researchers at the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Leicester Biomedical Research Centre -- a partnership between Leicester's Hospitals, the University of Leicester and Loughborough University. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - May 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Drug combination could be effective for treatment-resistant gonorrhea
(National Institute for Health Research) Scientists comparing treatments for gonorrhea have identified a drug combination that could be an effective back-up for patients not responding to current therapy. The research team, from University Hospitals Birmingham, found that a treatment of the antibiotic gentamicin with azithromycin worked almost as well as the currently used ceftriaxone for genital gonorrhea. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 2, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

NIHR Signal: Getting hospital patients up and moving shortens stay and improves fitness
Expert commentary is provided of review (13 trials;n=2703 older adults;medical admission) which found significant improvements in walking speed among those taking part in programmes to encourage mobilisation, compared with patients who did not. Length of stay was ~ 2 days shorter (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 26, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The popular kids at school will act as 'anti-drug influencers'
The scheme, known as 'Frank Friends', is funded by the NHS body National Institute for Health Research, and will run across 48 schools in West England and South Wales. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - April 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

NIHR Signal: E-cigarettes helped more smokers quit than nicotine replacement therapy
Studies have found that 18% given e-cigarettes were abstinent from smoking vs 9.9% for nicotine replacement therapy. E-cigarettes are considerably less harmful than smoking, so switching to vaping is likely to bring substantial health gains. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Staffing on Wards - Making decisions about healthcare staffing
This review presents recent evidence from National Institute for Health Research funded research, including studies on the number of staff needed, the support workforce and the organisation of care on the wards. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR):
A new campaign by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is shining a light on the threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the research response required. The UK government ' s goal is to contain and control antimicrobial resistance by 2040. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 5, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

NIHR Signal: Does an antibacterial milk protein reduce infection in premature babies?
Expert commentary is provided for an RCT (n=2,203) which found no difference in microbiologically or clinically suspected late-onset bloodstream infection for lactoferrin vs control. This indicates that there is no role for lactoferrin in preventing infection. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 5, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

‘ Overcoming Barriers: Autism in the Somali community ’ film premiere
World Autism Awareness Day (WAAD) is an internationally recognised day on 2 April every year to raise awareness of the hurdles that people with autism – and others living with autism – face every day. Following research by the University of Bristol, the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and Autism Independence, a film that tells the stories of Bristol-based Somali families affected by autism and the professionals who support them will be premiered tomorrow [Wednesday 3 April]. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - April 2, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, Research; Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Population Health Sciences; Press Release Source Type: news

Surgery using ultrasound energy found to treat high blood pressure
(Queen Mary University of London) A one-off operation that targets the nerves connected to the kidney has been found to maintain reduced blood pressure in hypertension patients for at least six months, according to the results of a clinical trial led in the UK by Queen Mary University of London and Barts Health NHS Trust, and supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Cochrane-REWARD prize - 2017 Award Winner: SYRCLE
When it received the joint second Cochrane-REWARD prize in 2017,SYRCLE (the SYstematic Review Center for Laboratory animal Experimentation) was focused on encouraging the use of systematic reviews of animal studies to reduce waste and improve quality. Since then, SYRCLE has evolved, and here Merel Ritskes-Hoitinga gives an overview of how things have developed.SYRCLE started in the Netherlands with the aim of improving the reliability of laboratory animal research and its relevance for patients by using systematic reviews. Systematic reviews have not been commonly used for animal studies, yet we saw the potential of implem...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - March 13, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

No additional weight-loss reported from a lifestyle programme for people with psychosis
People with schizophrenia are twice as likely to be overweight as the general population, as medication side effects frequently include weight gain. This NIHR-funded study with over 400 participants in 10 areas across England is the largest UK randomised trial to date. It shows that this hard-to-reach group can be recruited and retained in structured self-management programmes delivered by trained facilitators. However, it was neither clinically effective nor cost-effective. Alternative, affordable approaches are much needed. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - February 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

NIHR Signal: Decontamination of the mouth or digestive tract was not linked to reductions in drug-resistant bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit
This expert commentary is provided for an RCT (n=8,665) which found that decontamination strategies with either antibiotics or chlorhexidine mouthwash did not reduce bloodstream infections. This evidence suggests that widespread adoption of decontamination techniques is not justified. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - February 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Patients' own cells could be the key to treating Crohn's disease
(NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Guy ’ s and St Thomas ’ and King ’ s College London) A new technique using patients' own modified cells to treat Crohn's disease has been proven to be effective in experiments using human cells, with a clinical trial of the treatment expected to start in the next six months. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news