Could a drug combination prevent people with the eye disease uveitis lose their sight?
(University of Bristol) Two in 10,000 people are at risk of serious sight loss from a form of eye inflammation known as uveitis. A new clinical research study, led by the University of Bristol and University Hospitals Bristol and Weston NHS Foundation Trust (UHBW), will evaluate a drug combination treatment for the eye disease thanks to funding of £ 2.5 million by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). The study will be co-ordinated by the University's Bristol Trials Centre (CTEU). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New call for research on the risk factors, transmission and prevalence of coronavirus
A new call for research proposals on the risk factors, transmission and prevalence of the COVID-19 virus SARS-CoV-2, has been launch by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). (Source: Medical Research Council General News)
Source: Medical Research Council General News - May 7, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: news

Bristol researchers contribute to COVID-19 rapid evidence reviews
Researchers from across the University of Bristol are contributing to COVID-19 rapid evidence reviews, co-ordinated by the National Institute for Health Research Applied Research Collaboration West (NIHR ARC West). (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - May 4, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, Research; Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Population Health Sciences; Press Release Source Type: news

COVID-19 vaccine begins human trial stage
Researchers at the University of Oxford have begun testing a COVID-19 vaccine in human volunteers this week. The phase I trial was funded by UKRI and NIHR as part of the rapid research response. (Source: Medical Research Council General News)
Source: Medical Research Council General News - April 24, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: news

NIHR and UKRI launch call for research on COVID-19 and ethnicity
The NIHR and UKRI are jointly calling for research proposals to investigate emerging evidence of an association between ethnicity and COVID-19 incidence and adverse health outcomes. (Source: Medical Research Council General News)
Source: Medical Research Council General News - April 23, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: news

Calculating early warning scores before they reach hospital can help the sickest patients
Recording National Early Warning Scores (NEWS) when a patient is urgently referred to hospital can improve the process of care for the sickest patients and reduce the time taken to get to hospital, according to a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) funded study at the University of Bristol published in the British Journal of General Practice (BJGP) today [7 April]. National Early Warning Scores help clinicians recognise when patients are at risk of deterioration, for example as a result of infection such as sepsis. (Source: University of Bristol news)
Source: University of Bristol news - April 7, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Health, International; Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Population Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School; Press Release Source Type: news

Researchers appeal to public for help to assess mental health impact of the COVID-19
(NIHR Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre) Scientists are appealing to the public for help to assess the mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, with the aim to inform and improve future policies concerning pandemics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Help prioritize topics for Cochrane COVID-19 Rapid Reviews
Help prioritize topics for Cochrane Rapid Reviews on the current COVID-19 pandemic. Although we welcome   all responses, at this stage Cochrane will be prioritizing review titles which are the most important to healthcare workers, particularly those working in low- and middle-income countries.Cochrane is engaging with a range of stakeholders inside and outside of Cochrane to build a bank of important questions emerging from the COVID-19 pandemic. Questions have been submitted by Cochrane Groups and users as well as external stakeholders including theWorld Health Organization (WHO), theUK National Institute for Health Rese...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - April 1, 2020 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

NIHR Signal: Melatonin shows potential for reducing delirium among older people after surgery
Expert commentary is provided of a systematic review and meta-analysis (6 studies; n=1155) which reported that taking melatonin around time of surgery is linked with lower odds of delirium onset in older people vs placebo or no treatment (~15% vs. ~20%). (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - March 2, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

NIHR Signal: People leave hospital after surgery sooner if hospitals follow'enhanced recovery protocols '
Commentary is provided of systematic review (73 studies;n=26,365) which found hospital stay for people over 60 could be reduced by up to 5 days with enhanced recovery protocols, consisting of interventions such as targeted anaesthesia, mobilising sooner and early return to eating (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - March 2, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Twenty miles per hour speed zones reduce the danger to pedestrians and cyclists - Cook R, Davidson P, Martin R.
The studyCleland LC, McComb L, Kee F, et al. Effects of 20 mph interventions on a range of public health outcomes: a meta-narrative evidence synthesis. J Transp Health 2019. doi:10.1016/j.jth.2019.100633This project was funded by the NIHR Policy Res... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Scientists discover three genes associated with fatal lung disease
(National Institute for Health Research) Researchers at the Universities of Leicester and Nottingham have discovered parts of the DNA that put some people at higher risk of an incurable lung disease called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The findings are published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine today. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Wine glass size may influence how much you drink in restaurants
(University of Cambridge) The size of glass used for serving wine can influence the amount of wine drunk, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge, funded by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR). The study found that when restaurants served wine in 370ml rather than 300ml glasses they sold more wine, and tended to sell less when they used 250ml glasses. These effects were not seen in bars. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Largest ever study of eating disorders launches in England
(King's College London) Researchers at King's College London have launched the largest ever study into eating disorders. Partnering with the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) BioResource and the eating disorder charity Beat, they aim to recruit at least 10,000 people in England who have experienced an eating disorder at some point in their life to a pioneering new study that aims to unlock the secrets of eating disorders. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Better Health and Care for All
This review brings together NIHR-funded research for and about health and social care services for people with learning disabilities. It features 23 recent studies with important findings for those who commission, deliver, work in and use these services which range from qualitative research on user experience to randomised trials of complex new services. Many of these studies involved people with learning disability and family carers in the research and in delivering some of the interventions. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - February 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news