Mental health services and Covid-19: Policy briefing, Centre for Mental Health
The Covid-19 pandemic has had a major impact on the lives of people with mental health difficulties and on mental health services. This briefing identifies key themes from a survey of mental health service staff in the UK and a review of studies across the world. The studies were conducted by the NIHR Mental Health Policy Research Unit (MHPRU) at University College London and King ' s College London. Its aim is to help the Department of Health and Social Care and others involved in making nationwide plans for mental health services to make decisions based on good evidence. Centre for Mental Health and The Mental Elf work ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 4, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New studies reinforce evidence that corticosteroids improve survival rates among critically ill COVID-19 patients, NIHR
Four papers published today on the use of corticosteroids to treat COVID-19 have reinforced evidence that outcomes for severely affected patients can be significantly improved by using these inexpensive and widely available drugs, with one paper suggesting the risk of death can be reduced by up to 20%. The papers - simultaneously published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) - include findings from the REMAP-CAP study being conducted across 15 countries, around the world and for which the NIHR ' s Clinical Research Network and partner research institutes from devolved nations recruited close to 71% of...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 2, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mental health and COVID-19, NIHR
The impact of COVID-19 pandemic and the constraints it has imposed on people is an issue of interest and concern to patients, service users, carers and health and social care professionals alike. In pandemic conditions it is likely that people ' s existing mental health problems may get worse. Mental health may also decline because of social isolation, loss of employment, stress and health anxiety caused by the pandemic and the steps taken to control it. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 2, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Prevention of suicide/self-harm in the context of COVID-19, NIHR
Please note all questions within each section are linked to each other and should be read in conjunction. Below each question is the weblink to the source of evidence to support the guidance recommendation. Readers can, of course, focus only on areas of interest, but we would suggest that you read the answers to all questions within a group as the answers complement and overlap with each other. The tables were created with input and guidance from Professor Keith Hawton (Professor of Psychiatry, Centre for Suicide Research, University of Oxford; Consultant Psychiatrist, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust), Dr Alexandra Pit...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 2, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Unprecedented national effort by UK immunologists to search for answers on COVID-19
Three new UK-wide studies, bringing together scientists from 17 research institutions, will receive£8.4 million from UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) to understand immune responses to the novel coronavirus. (Source: Medical Research Council General News)
Source: Medical Research Council General News - August 28, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: news

High rates of delirium, persistent fatigue and post-traumatic stress disorder were common after severe infection in previous coronavirus outbreaks, NIHR
Little is known about the mental health consequences of severe COVID-19 illness because it is caused by a new coronavirus. Previous outbreaks caused by other coronaviruses (severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS, and Middle East respiratory syndrome, MERS) may provide insights into ongoing problems after recovery from severe illness. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 28, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Negative-pressure wound therapy compared with standard dressings following surgical treatment of major trauma to the lower limb: the WHiST RCT , NIHR
This UK study (n=1548) found no evidence of a difference between negative pressure wound therapy and standard dressings in rate of deep surgical site infection, disability, quality of life or scar appearance in patients having surgery for major trauma to the limbs. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 24, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Childhood syndrome linked to COVID-19 causes profound immune changes
(National Institute for Health Research) Researchers have uncovered how the immune system is altered in a rare COVID-19 related illness in children referred to as paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome (PIMS-TS). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Digital technologies and telepsychiatry, NIHR
The following table is divided into four: Table A is short and concise, and is designed for quick reference, with practical advice summarised briefly as a checklist for busy clinicians. Tables B, C and D have full detail and cover the different implications and possibilities for using telepsychiatry in general, in children and adolescents and in older adults. In Tables B, C and D, questions are arranged in groups covering topics listed under headings. Readers can, of course, focus only on areas of interest, but we would suggest that you read the answers to all questions within a group as the answers complement and overlap ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Early warning scores used in hospitals must be based on sound science, NIHR (published 14th August 2020)
An expert commentary is provided on a review that found many early warning scores are based on flawed research. NEWS 2, endorsed by NHS England and NHS Improvement, is a modification of the original NEWS; the study found the latter was not derived using robust statistical methods. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 17, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

High rates of delirium, persistent fatigue and post-traumatic stress disorder were common after severe infection in previous coronavirus outbreaks, NIHR
Little is known about the mental health consequences of severe COVID-19 illness because it is caused by a new coronavirus. Previous outbreaks caused by other coronaviruses (severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS, and Middle East respiratory syndrome, MERS) may provide insights into ongoing problems after recovery from severe illness. Researchers looked at reports of psychiatric problems during SARS and MERS outbreaks and compared this to early data from the COVID-19 pandemic. Delirium (sudden confusion) was common while patients were in hospital with any of the coronavirus infections (SARS, MERS or COVID-19). Later, once ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Multimillion investment in new research projects to investigate higher COVID-19 risk among certain ethnic groups, NIHR
Six new projects to improve our understanding of the links between COVID-19 and ethnicity have been funded by the NIHR and UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). These projects will seek to explain and mitigate the disproportionate death rate from COVID-19 among people from Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) backgrounds, including BAME health and social care workers. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cochrane Acute and Emergency Care Network seeks Network Support Fellow
Contract: Fixed-term, 12 monthsHours: Full time, 37.5 per week (part time considered)Salary:  £31,365 - £37,890 per annum pro rata (dependent on experience)Position Closing: 20 August 2020Cochrane Acute and Emergency Care Network is seeking a Network Support Fellow. Cochrane is a global, independent network of health practitioners, researchers, patient advocates and others, responding to the challenge of making vast amounts of research evidence useful for informing decisions about health. We do this by synthesizing research findings to produce the best available evidence on what can work, what might harm and where more ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - August 6, 2020 Category: Information Technology Authors: Rachel Klabunde Source Type: news

Multimillion investment in six new research projects to investigate COVID-19 and ethnicity
Six new projects to improve our understanding of the links between COVID-19 and ethnicity have been funded by UK Research and Innovation’s (UKRI) Medical Research Council (MRC) and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). (Source: Medical Research Council General News)
Source: Medical Research Council General News - July 28, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: news

Can wearables like Fitbit devices be used to help detect COVID-19?
(NIHR Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre) The COVID-Collab research team at King's College London have launched a free mobile app [Android] [iOS] which will allow scientists to investigate the use of wearable devices and smartphones for digital detection of COVID-19, to understand how it spreads and how the pandemic affects people's mental and physical health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news