Editorial comment
Radical cystectomy (RC) still represents the gold standard therapy for muscle-invasive urinary bladder cancer (MIBC) with 66% recurrence-free survival at 10 years follow-up.1 In the last decade robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) has been increasingly adopted for the treatment of MIBC, resulting not inferior to open surgery regarding surgical complications and oncological outcomes, whereas the supposed benefits of a mini-invasive approach and less surgical trauma basing on reduced hospital stay and improved postoperative QoL could be not demonstrated. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 1, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Prof. Francesco Greco Source Type: research

Author reply
We appreciate the thoughtful editorial from Professor Greco. Regarding the effect of continent diversions on perioperative infectious risk, the increased length of surgery, increased bowel manipulation and prolonged urethral catheterization  generate a logical hypothesis that postoperative infections may be higher in continent diversions. Different centers, however, have shown the effect of continent diversion from “not significant” to a hazard ratio from 2-5 with highest volume centers showing the least effect. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 1, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Craig V Labbate, Kristine Kuchta, Sangtae Park, Piyush K Agarwal, Norm D Smith Source Type: research

Periurethral and intravenous injections of adipose-derived stem cells to promote local tissue recovery in a rat model of stress urinary incontinence
: To compare the effects of periurethral and intravenous injection of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on voiding function and tissue recovery in a stress urinary incontinence (SUI) rat model. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 30, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Guangyong Li, Chen Yu, Puguang Yu, Huixi Li, Meng Li, Peijun Li, Rui He Source Type: research

“Labia majora fasciocutaneous flap reconstruction in complex urogynecological fistulas with vaginal deficit - A versatile approach”
To appraise the pivotal points of different modifications of labia majora fasciocutaneous flap in combating the challenges of complex urogynecological fistula repair in the form of seven cases. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 30, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Praanjal Gupta, Sidhartha Kalra, Lalgudi Narayanan Dorairajan, Atanu Kumar Pal, Sreerag KS, Ramanitharan Manikandan, Avinash Jagannath Tags: nOriginal Article (Surgical Techniques in Urology) Source Type: research

Establishment of mini-pig model of ureteral stricture by electrocoagulation under ureteroscopy
: To establish a mini-pig model of ureteral stricture by using electrocoagulation under ureteroscopy. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 30, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Zhiwei Chen, Wei Zhao, Teng Zhang, Tengzhou Ren, Jie Chen, Liang Tian, Sheng Lu, Yan Wang Source Type: research

Management of chyluria by laparoscopic ligation of renal lymphatic vessels
A 74-year-old male was admitted due to chyluria for 60 years without scrotal or lower extremity edema. He had received an open cystotomy and clot aspiration one week before admission for acute urine retention and failure of catheterization at another hospital. He was probably infected by filariasis because filariasis had been reported as an epidemic disease in his growing town located in the southwest of China approximately 50 years ago. The patient was underweight and diagnosed with hypoproteinemia. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 29, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yaochuan Guo, Zhihai Yu, Hong Dai, Yubo Yang Source Type: research

The preliminary exploration of what role miRNAs derived from urinary exosomes play in kidney stone formation
To identify dysregulated miRNAs derived from urinary sEVs and to explore the potential roles sEVs miRNAs play in nephrolithiasis. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 27, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yuanyuan Yang, Qing Wang, Yang Xun, Cong Li, Shaogang Wang Source Type: research

Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy for pain management in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome: A proof-of-concept case series
: To evaluate the efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for symptom and pain management in women with non-bladder centric interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 27, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Dylan T. Wolff, Christina Ross, Peyton Lee, Gopal Badlani, Catherine A. Matthews, Robert J. Evans, Stephen J. Walker Source Type: research

Men with Chronic Orchialgia Exhibit Differential Neuroinflammatory Gene Expression relative to Asymptomatic Controls
To identify differences in neuroinflammatory gene expression in individuals with chronic orchialgia (CO) compared to asymptomatic controls. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 26, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Glenn T. Werneburg, Karen S. Keslar, Paige Gotwald, Johnathan Doolittle, Sarah C. Vij, Ryan Berglund, Daniel A Shoskes Source Type: research

Scrotal fetus in fetu in a newborn: A rare case report
We present the diagnosis and management of a case of fetus in fetu in the scrotum of a newborn male including radiologic imaging and pathologic examination. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 25, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Erin A. Heitman, Jonathan C. Thomas, Vijetha V. Maller, Jie Zhang, Joseph M. Gleason Source Type: research

Resection of Pubic Symphysis and Cystectomy Significantly Improves Short-Term Patient-Reported Physical Functioning among Patients with Pubovesical Fistula and Pubic Bone Osteomyelitis
To investigate the impact of extirpative surgery for pubic bone osteomyelitis with pubovesical fistula on prostate cancer survivors ’ physical and mental health. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 25, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Brian M. Inouye, Madison K. Krischak, Kevin Krughoff, William R. Boysen, Andrew C. Peterson Source Type: research

Management of Inpatient macroscopic haematuria: a typical urology emergency with a high mortality
To review the in-patient (IP) management patterns and 30-day outcomes of patients admitted with macroscopic haematuria (MH) over a 1-year-period in a single-institution, aiming to clarify management for such cases in the future. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 25, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: A. Pavithran, N.R Bhatt, G. Banerjee, A. Hawizy Source Type: research

Abdominal Evisceration: A Rare Complication of In Utero Vesicoamniotic Shunting
Vesicoamniotic shunting (VAS) is one of the most common surgical options in selected cases of severe fetal obstructive uropathy. Abdominal evisceration (AE) secondary to VAS has been reported in only eight cases. A pregnant woman underwent VAS due to lower urinary tract obstruction with severe oligohydramnios. AE was observed at birth. Subsequently, he underwent abdominal surgical repair and urethral dilations due to segmental urethral atresia. At 21-months-follow-up, the patient is breathing spontaneously, undergoing peritoneal dialysis, voiding small amounts of urine, and being fed via G-tube. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 23, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Cinthia Galvez, Samantha Isern, Daniel Nassau, Yisel Babastro, Matthew Swirsky, Miguel Castellan, Andrew Labbie, Rafael Gosalbez Source Type: research

Collateral Damage from Fetal Interventions: Increasing the Complexity of Complex Patients
We present the case of a male fetus who was diagnosed with urethral atresia and subsequently underwent two vesicoamniotic shunt placements. At birth, he was diagnosed with Megacystis Microcolon Intestinal Hypoperistalsis Syndrome and was noted to have rectovesical and vesicocutaneous fistulae likely iatrogenically created from shunt placement. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 23, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Niki Parikh, Patricio Gargollo, Candace Granberg Source Type: research

Bilateral Ureterovesical Junction Obstruction Resulting in Anuria in a Three-Week-Old Infant
We present a case of a 3-week-old boy who presented in acute renal failure and found to have bilateral megaureter. He was initially decompressed with bilateral percutaneous nephrostomy tubes and once stable underwent bilateral ureterostomy. At 6 months old, renal ultrasound showed stable mild right sided hydronephrosis. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 23, 2022 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Joseph A. Baiocco, Neha R. Malhotra, Fernando A. Ferrer Source Type: research