Autism: The Second Triad of Impairment Demystified
No abstract available (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

“Formal Thought Disorder” in a General-Community Sample With Elevated Schizotypal Traits
Different dimensions of formal thought disorder (FTD) are distinguished by different patterns of cognitive dysfunction and cortical variability in patients with schizophrenia; however, inconsistent findings may relate to patient-related confounds. Investigating FTD in nonpatient samples with elevated levels of schizotypal traits avoids these confounds, but its utility to FTD research is unknown. Thus, we performed principal components analysis (PCA) of FTD ratings using the Scale for the Assessment of Thought, Language, and Communication (TLC) and the Thought and Language Index (TLI) in a general-community sample with elev...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Hospital Admission for Severe Pediatric Dissociative Disorder
Although children with dissociative disorders (DD) are referred to mental health inpatient units, no research exists to endorse this. We studied the outcomes of patients with DD over a 5-year period on a national inpatient unit for children up to 12 years of age. Demographic, clinical, and satisfaction data were collected and compared with the data of other inpatients not having DD. Eight patients were identified, of whom six were female. All had several comorbidities. Mean Children's Global Assessment Scale scores improved from admission to discharge (from 31 to 61, respectively). Admissions in DD were longer by 53 days (...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Validation of the Recovery Style Questionnaire in Outpatients With Affective Disorders
This study was designed to determine the psychometric characteristics of the Recovery Style Questionnaire (RSQ) in a sample of outpatients recruited among the referrals to a crisis intervention center presenting with mood or anxiety disorders. Assessments completed at intake and at discharge examined the recovery styles with the RSQ, psychiatric symptoms with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale version 4.0, and the Symptom Checklist–Revised; defense mechanisms with the Defense Style Questionnaire 40 items; and global functioning with the Global Assessment Functioning. The RSQ has acceptable reliability, divergent vali...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Toward an Understanding of Incongruent Affect in People With Schizophrenia
Previous studies have found that people with schizophrenia report more negative affect (NA) in response to positive and neutral stimuli (incongruent NA) than people without schizophrenia, perhaps related to heightened overall NA. We sought to decrease NA and increase positive affect (PA) using the Broad-Minded Affective Coping (BMAC) procedure in people with (n = 29) and without (n = 26) schizophrenia. We also investigated whether decreased NA would contribute to a decrease in incongruent NA in people with schizophrenia. The BMAC procedure increased PA but did not decrease NA in participants, nor did it influence reports o...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Comprehension of Embedded Clauses in Schizophrenia With and Without Formal Thought Disorder
Formal thought disorder (FTD) in schizophrenia (SZ) is clinically manifested primarily through language production, where linguistic studies have reported numerous anomalies including lesser use of embedded clauses. Here, we explored whether problems of language may extend to comprehension and clause embedding in particular. A sentence-picture matching task was designed with two conditions in which embedded clauses were presupposed as either true (factive) or not. Performance across these two conditions was compared in people with SZ and moderate-to-severe FTD (SZ + FTD), SZ with minimal FTD (SZ-FTD), first-degree relative...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Identification of Factors Affecting the Quality of Life Among Patients With Addiction in Lebanon
Our objective was to assess factors associated with the physical (Short-Form 12–physical component summary [SF-12-PCS]) and mental (Short-Form 12–mental component summary [SF-12-MCS]) quality of life (QOL) in the Lebanese population. A cross-sectional study, conducted between July and September 2017, enrolled 57 patients with substance use disorder from the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross. The SF-12 scale was used to assess the QOL among participants. A first stepwise linear regression, using the SF-12-PCS score as the dependent variable, showed that females compared with males (β = −4.86) and havi...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Methadone-Related Delirium: Prevalence, Causes, and Outcomes
Goals consist of determining 5-year prevalence and recurrence of methadone-related delirium (MRD), along with causes, treatments, and outcomes. Sample comprised 81 patients in methadone maintenance treatment. Criteria for MRD encompassed delirium with high methadone serum levels plus alleviation of delirium upon lowering methadone serum levels. MRD occurred in 14 cases who had 25 episodes. MRD precipitants included physician prescribing (i.e., excessive methadone or medications slowing methadone metabolism), drug misuse, and renal-fluid alterations. Social affiliation (housing with family, intimate partner) reduced MRD; em...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Emotional Awareness and Cognitive Performance in Borderline Intellectual Functioning Young Adolescents
According to DSM-5 and ICD-10, borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) should not be classified properly as a disorder. However, BIF people may present relevant problems of adaptive functioning in several areas of daily activities, and they seem to be more vulnerable to mental diseases. Young adolescence may be considered a particular period for emotional information processing. The “own and others' emotions” awareness can play a crucial role in many daily life situations, such as decision making, interpersonal relationships, and decoding of facial expressions. On this background, a BIF young adolescents grou...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Parental Engagement and Early Interactions With Preterm Infants Reduce Risk of Late Postpartum Depression
Recent studies have shown that preterm delivery is a risk factor for the development of postpartum depression, which not only impairs maternal-infant interactions, leading to infant developmental delay and social interaction difficulties in affected children, but also increases the risk of depression in the mother. Hence, this article aims to study the effects of parental engagement and early interactions with preterm infants on subsequent infant development and behavior, maternal adjustment, and mother-infant relationship. A total of 151 infants/mothers were enrolled in our study. Infants were randomized either to receive...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Modeling the Effects of Stress, Anxiety, and Depression on Rumination, Sleep, and Fatigue in a Nonclinical Sample
Stress and affective distress have previously been shown to predict sleep quality, and all the factors have been shown to predict fatigue severity. However, few prior studies have examined the likely indirect mediational relationships between stress, affective distress, and sleep quality in predicting fatigue severity, and the potential role played by ruminative thinking. A short questionnaire asked 229 participants about their recent experiences of stress, affective distress, rumination, sleep, and fatigue in a community sample. High stress, anxiety, and depression were related to more ruminative thinking, which in turn w...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Mental Health Status of Medical Students: A Single Faculty Study in Egypt
In conclusion, mental disorders were common among medical students. Mental health care should be mandatory for these students. (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Association Between Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Results From an Italian Cross-Sectional Study
Cardiovascular diseases, anxiety, and depression are among the most frequent clinical conditions in the Western world, often in comorbidity. Evidence regarding a shared pathophysiology suggests a mediating role by chronic systemic inflammation. The aims of this study were to measure the association between anxiety and depressive symptoms, cardiovascular risk factors, and inflammatory markers. Outpatients aged 40 years or more undergoing colonoscopy after positive fecal occult blood test were enrolled; the following data were collected: body mass index, blood pressure, blood glucose, lipid profile, C-reactive protein (CRP) ...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Impact of Sleep Disorders and Other Factors on the Quality of Life in General Population: A Cross-Sectional Study
The study objective was to assess if insomnia, along with other factors, can impact the physical and mental quality of life (QOL) of the Lebanese general population. This cross-sectional study, conducted between November 2017 and March 2018, enrolled 756 community-dwelling participants. A first linear regression, using the SF-12 PCS score as the dependent variable, showed that having a family history of insomnia problems (β = 1.107, p = 0.026) was significantly associated with higher physical QOL (higher SF-12 PCS score), whereas increased stress (β = 0.048, p = 0.015) was significantly associated with lower phys...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Relationship of Suicidal Ideation With Demoralization, Depression, and Anxiety: A Study of Cancer Patients in Mainland China
This study aims to investigate the prevalence of high demoralization among cancer patients in mainland China and the contribution of high demoralization to suicidal ideation beyond the impact of self-report depression and anxiety. In this cross-sectional study, 303 patients with cancer were invited to complete questionnaires. In total, 14.5% participants reported suicidal ideation and 49.50% high demoralization. Logistic regression analysis identified high demoralization as an independent risk factor for suicidal ideation. Only depression (odds ratio [OR], 6.68) had a stronger influence on suicidal ideation than demoraliza...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Recent Suicidal Ideation and Behavior in the General Population: The Role of Depression, Posttraumatic Stress, and Reactive Avoidance
The multivariate relationship between suicidality and three potential etiologic variables (depression, posttraumatic stress, and reactive avoidance) was examined in a stratified sample of 679 individuals from the general population. Lifetime exposure to a trauma or another very upsetting event was prevalent among those reporting suicidal behavior in the previous 6 months (58%) and those reporting recent suicidal ideation alone (40%), relative to those with no recent suicidal thoughts or behaviors (26%). Canonical correlation analysis indicated two independent sources of variance: the first loading on both suicidal ideation...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Is Online Treatment as Effective as In-Person Treatment?: Psychological Change in Two Relationship Skills Groups
Psychotherapy has undergone a widespread change recently, with many interventions now available as wireless device apps or online courses. The current study compared the efficacy of an online program with a personal group treatment intervention. The in-person group (n = 37) attended a 6-day workshop called Tapping Deep Intimacy that focused on the development of interpersonal skills. The online group (n = 37) consumed to the same information in the form of a 12-week online course. The content of both courses was drawn from the curriculum for Whole Energy Lifestyle, which trains participants in 12 evidence-based interperson...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - April 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Shared Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An Italian Case Report
Shared obsessive-compulsive disorder (S-OCD) has seldom been reported in the literature, whereas shared psychotic disorder has been described since the end of 19th century. The aim of this report was to describe a case of S-OCD in a married couple. A 38-year-old OCD patient, after several pharmacological trials, eventually improved when a combination of escitalopram and risperidone was prescribed. During his symptoms' remission, his wife started developing the same OCD symptoms. She was prescribed escitalopram, but, given her inconsistent compliance, it was difficult to obtain full effectiveness of the pharmacological trea...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Neurocognitive Impairment Risk Among Individuals With Multiple Drug–Resistant Tuberculosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coinfection: Implications for Systematic Linkage to and Retention of Care in Tuberculosis/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Treatment
Although neurocognitive impairment (NCI) is a well-recognized challenge in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), there is little evidence regarding it among individuals with multiple drug–resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) within HIV endemic sub-Saharan Africa. The extent of NCI risk, particularly HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) risk, was investigated in 200 microbiologically confirmed inpatients with MDR-TB at a TB-specialist hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Within this population, the prevalence of HIV coinfection, major depressive episode, and substance use disorder was 89.50%, 10.50%, a...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Predictors of Consent to Treatment and Premature Termination of Treatment in a Sample of Veterans With Military-Related PTSD
This study examined different variables as predictors of treatment entry and treatment dropout among veterans with military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). First, we examined predictors of treatment entry versus refusal of treatment. Among the veterans who started therapy, we examined predictors of treatment completion. Symptom severity of PTSD, depression, and anxiety at baseline were measured. Daily functioning at baseline was also measured. Results indicate that the younger the veterans were, the more likely they were to refuse treatment. Dropout from treatment was also predicted by younger age at referral...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prevalence of Religious and Spiritual Experiences and the Perceived Influence Thereof in Patients With Bipolar Disorder in a Dutch Specialist Outpatient Center
The aim of the current cross-sectional study was to estimate the prevalence of religious and spiritual (R/S) experiences and their perceived lasting influence in outpatients with bipolar disorder (BD; n = 196). A questionnaire with a range of R/S was constructed, building on the results of an earlier qualitative study. Experiences of horizontal transcendence (not necessarily referring to the divine) such as the experience of “intense happiness, love, peace, beauty, freedom” (77%) or “meaningful synchronicity” (66%) were the most prevalent. The experience of “divine presence” (vertical tr...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Depressive Symptom Severity in Individuals With Epilepsy and Recent Health Complications
Identifying relationships between depression severity and clinical factors may help with appropriate recognition and management of neuropsychiatric conditions in persons with epilepsy (PWE). Demographic characteristics, epilepsy variables, and medical and psychiatric comorbidities were examined from a baseline randomized controlled trial sample of 120 PWE. Among demographic characteristics, only inability to work was significantly associated with depression severity (p = 0.05). Higher 30-day seizure frequency (p (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Temperament and Depression After a First Acute Coronary Syndrome
This study evaluates whether temperament and character can represent a risk factor for the development of incident first-ever depressive episodes in patients at their first acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Two hundred sixty-seven (72.1%) subjects (male) completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) a few days after the cardiac event. At baseline and after 1, 2, 4, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months of follow-up, the participants completed the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorder (PRIME-MD) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale to establish the presence of a depressive episode and its severity. During the follow-...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Increased Serum Levels of Cortisol and Inflammatory Cytokines in People With Depression
This cross-sectional study aimed at measuring the correlation and association between serum levels of cortisol, inflammatory cytokines, and depression and to measure the detection accuracy of serum levels of cortisol in serum samples. In total, 89 male participants were recruited into this study from June 15, 2017, to September 31, 2017. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were used to investigate the mental health status of the participants. Serum concentrations of cortisol and inflammatory cytokines were determined. The serum cortisol concentration, anxiety lev...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Negative Experiences in Childhood, Parental Style, and Resilience Among People Reporting Paranormal Experiences
There are relatively few studies examining the parental style, childhood trauma, and paranormal experiences/beliefs; therefore, the aim of this study is to measure the dominant parental style of those who have experienced paranormal events and their correlation with negative events in childhood and resilience. Four questionnaires were administered to 644 participants. The results showed high frequency of experiences such as sense of presence, premonitory dreams, telepathy, mystical experiences, apparitions, and out-of-body experiences, among others. The results confirmed three hypotheses that predict a positive and signifi...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Fainting Assessment Inventory: A 10-Item Instrument Developed to Screen for Psychogenic Nonsyncopal Collapse Among Youth Referred for Syncope
The conversion disorder that appears like syncope is common but poorly recognized. The study aimed to develop and validate a brief, clinician-administered screening tool to discriminate psychogenic nonsyncopal collapse (PNSC) among young patients referred for fainting. Consecutive patients with PNSC and with syncope (15.4 ± 2.2 years) completed a 92-item inventory highlighting features typical of PNSC and neurally mediated syncope (n = 35, each cohort). Fourteen items were retained and revised and then administered to new cohorts ultimately diagnosed with PNSC or syncope (n = 40, each cohort). Further revision led t...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Clinical and Personality Characteristics of Problem and Pathological Gamblers With and Without Symptoms of Adult ADHD
The study examined the differential clinical and personality characteristics of problem and pathological gamblers (PPGs) with and without clinically significant symptoms of adult attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). Adults (N = 150, n = 75 women) with PPG were assessed by the SCID-IV, Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales, Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire, Gambling Motivation Questionnaire, and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. PPGs who reported symptoms of ADHD were more likely to be male, endorse psychiatric comorbidities (i.e., alcohol dependence, anxiety disorders, and antisocial personality disorder), r...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Patients With Schizophrenia and Outcome on Positive and Negative Symptoms, Cognition, and Quality of Life
The objectives were to examine the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia and to compare the clinical, cognitive, and functional characteristics of schizophrenia patients with and without OCD. This cross-sectional study, performed between May and August 2018, enrolled 308 patients (200 men and 108 women). The prevalence of OCD in patients with schizophrenia was 3.2%. An increase in patients having a mild β was significantly associated with higher social relationship score (β = 1.68) and the Memory Functioning Scale–Informant (MFS-I) version (β = 5....
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Improving the Cognitive Function in Major and Minor Depression
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on improving the cognitive function in minor depression (MiD) and major depression (MaD). The study will constitute a placebo-controlled single-blind parallel-group randomized controlled trial. The selected participants will be randomly allocated into one of two parallel groups with a 1:1 ratio: the CBT-based group and the general health education group. CBT significantly alleviated depressive symptoms of MiD and MaD at 12 weeks (p (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Military Veteran Status and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptomatology Among Urban Firefighters: The Moderating Role of Emotion Regulation Difficulties
A significant portion of firefighters are military veterans, and both populations experience high rates of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology. We investigated main and interactive effects of military veteran status (MVS) and emotion regulation difficulties (ERD) with regard to PTSD symptom severity in firefighters. Covariates included trauma load, number of years in the fire department, and depressive symptom severity. The sample was composed of 839 (93.9% men; mean age = 38.4, SD = 8.5) trauma-exposed firefighters who completed a web-based questionnaire battery. Structural equation modeling was...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Severity and the Treatment of Depression: A Review of Two Controversies
Severity is an important consideration in treatment decision-making for depression. Two controversies in the treatment of depression are related to the issue of severity. First, are antidepressants only effective for severely depressed patients? Second, should the severity of depression be used as the basis for recommending medication or psychotherapy as first-line treatment? More specifically, should patients with severe depression preferentially be treated with medication? A related question is whether psychotherapy is beneficial for severely depressed patients. Some controversial articles sparked coverage in the popular...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clinical Controversies Source Type: research

The Trials of Psychedelic Therapy: LSD Psychotherapy in America: Matthew Oram, PhD (2018) Baltimore, Maryland: John Hopkins University Press. 269 pp.
No abstract available (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The Detection of the Negative Effects of Interictal Epileptiform Discharges on Cognition: An Event-Related Potential Study
Evidence from a neuropsychological test revealed that interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) may have significant impact on cognitive performance. Sometimes, neuropsychological tests may not be sensitive to detection of mild cognitive changes. We applied P300 and mismatch negativity (MMN) to detect mild cognitive changes caused by small amount of IEDs. Sixty-seven adult epilepsy patients and participants were divided into six groups according to different IEDs index. The patients with IED index greater than 7.5% showed longer latency and lower amplitude in the test of P300 and MMN than patients with IED index less than ...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Analysis of Influencing Factors of Poststroke Depression: Is Higher Body Mass Index Always a Risk Factor of Poststroke Depression?
Poststroke depression (PSD) is a common complication of stroke. We sought to investigate the influencing factors of PSD and explored the association between body mass index (BMI) and PSD. A total of 397 stroke patients in a hospital in Qiqihar City, China, were included in this study in 2016. The order of independent variable importance was the score of the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, frequency of stroke, age, BMI, and sleep duration. Sleep duration of 7 hours or more (compared with (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Validating the Alternative DSM-5 Criteria for Personality Disorders: A Study in the Basque Region of Spain
In 2010, the Working Group of Personality and Personality Disorders of the DSM-5 task force proposed a thorough diagnostic reformulation of the category of personality disorders. After debates and negotiations, these alternative criteria ended in Section III of the DSM-5 manual (diagnoses in need of further testing). We tested these alternative criteria in a sample of Basque-speaking patients from the Basque region of Spain who had clinical diagnoses of personality disorder, using instruments that had been developed and used as part of the DSM-5 field trials in the United States for assessing the proposed new diagnostic ca...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Alcohol Use Problems, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Suicide Risk Among Trauma-Exposed Firefighters
Alcohol use problems are associated with suicidal desire and may provide an avenue to suicidal ideation and behavior. However, the influence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on the nature of the relationship between alcohol use problems and suicide risk is not well understood. In particular, the potential for PTSD to moderate the association between alcohol use problems and suicide risk remains unexplored. The present study investigated the main and interactive effects of alcohol use problems (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) and PTSD symptoms (PTSD Checklist for DSM-5) on suicide risk (Suicide Behaviors Q...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Tonic Seizure as a Different Seizure Type Presented in Autoimmune Epilepsy Caused by Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
The diagnosis of autoimmune epilepsy is often challenging, and may be misdiagnosed as epileptic disorders or viral encephalitis. Autoimmune epilepsy has a strong association with other autoimmune diseases, especially systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In addition, autoimmune epilepsy was reported to present with complex partial seizure (CPS), simple partial seizure (SPS), and secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizure (sGTCS). In our case, we present a different seizure type of tonic seizure in autoimmune epilepsy caused by SLE, which has not been reported, and it will provide with a new understanding of autoimmune epil...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

High-Intensity Interval Training in Panic Disorder Patients: A Pilot Study
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) may produce strong physiological but also psychological effects within a short period. However, it is questionable if this type of training is applicable and effective in patients with panic disorder (PD) because they are more vulnerable to the adverse effects of exercise. Twelve PD patients performed a 12-day HIIT trial. Every second day, patients performed 10 high-intensive 1-minute intervals at 77% to 95% of their maximum heart rate separated by 1-minute intervals with moderate to low intensity. All patients completed the 12-day training period. PD severity, agoraphobia, depressio...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Emotional Responsiveness in Borderline Personality Disorder: The Role of Basal Hyperarousal and Self-Reported Emotional Regulation
The present study aims to test the hypothesis of biological hyperarousal and hyperreactivity underpinning the dysfunctional emotional processes of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Self-reported (quality and intensity of emotions) and physiological (respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA] and heart rate) data were collected in 14 clinical subjects with BPD and in 14 control subjects (healthy controls [HCs]), during the administration of six video clips with different emotional contents. Our findings showed a constant hyperarousal state (lower RSA) in the clinical group, supporting the hypothesis of a biological vulnerabili...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effect of Acupuncture on Cognitive Function and Quality of Life in Patients With Idiopathic Trigeminal Neuralgia
To estimate the effect of acupuncture on idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN), we recruited 116 patients with ITN from December 2016 to April 2018 and further divided into them into two groups: acupuncture intervention group (n = 62) and sham control group (n = 54). Clinical pain, cognitive function, and quality of life (QoL) assessed with the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were evaluated at the initial time of treatment, at the end of treatment, and 6 weeks after the treatment. Pain intensity, headache, and generalized body pain showed significant decrease both at the end of treatment and after 6 weeks of treat...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Cultural Identity Confusion and Psychopathology: A Mixed-Methods Study Among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the Netherlands
Although there is ample empirical evidence that traumatic events, postmigration stress, and acculturation problems have a great impact on the mental health of refugees, so far no studies have included cultural identity after migration in the equation. This mixed-methods study conducted among Afghan and Iraqi refugee and asylum-seeker psychiatric patients aims to fill this gap. Associations between postmigration stress, symptoms of anxiety and depression disorders, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder were significant. When differentiated for the two groups, associations with postmigration stress were no longer sig...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

How the DSM Is Used in Clinical Practice
Despite widespread use, how clinicians use the DSM in psychiatric practice is not well understood. Recognizing public and professional attitudes toward the DSM are integral to future DSM development, to assess a commonly held assumption such as that the DSM is used primarily for coding, and to assess its clinical utility. A convenience sample of Psychiatric Times readers was surveyed to assess the DSM's use in clinical practice. A total of 394 behavioral health care practitioners fully completed the online survey. Results suggest that the DSM, beyond administrative and billing use, is used for communication with health car...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Intrusive Rumination, Deliberate Rumination, and Posttraumatic Growth Among Adolescents After a Tornado: The Role of Social Support
Posttraumatic growth (PTG) may exist in trauma survivors, especially adolescents, whereas rumination is a typical cognitive characteristic among traumatized individuals. However, there were mixed relationships between rumination (intrusive rumination, deliberate rumination) and PTG. The study aimed to increase understanding of the relationships between them by investigating the role of social support among adolescents after the Yancheng tornado. Four hundred forty-three middle school students in the core area of the tornado were administered a revised social support scale based on Furman and Buhrmester's Network of Relatio...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Nose Knows… or Does it? Olfactory Reference Syndrome in Patients Presenting for Assessment of Unusual Body Odor
This study highlights the genetics clinic as an unexpected and major ascertainment point for ORS, and shows that ORS can be differentiated from TMAU by age of onset (~28 years), odor characterization (refuse-related), and the presence of associated comorbid psychiatric diagnoses. There is a low diagnostic rate of ORS, attesting to the need for improved education and awareness. (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Can Social Anxiety Impact Facial Emotion Recognition in Schizophrenia?
This study aimed at determining if social anxiety is linked to specific emotion recognition deficits and to specific social functioning deficits. A total of 47 participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and receiving outpatient services answered measures of facial recognition (Ekman; Facial Emotion Identification Test), facial discrimination (Facial Emotion Discrimination Test), role-play, social anxiety (Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and Brief Social Phobia Scale), psychiatric symptoms (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale), self-esteem (Self-Esteem Rating Scale–Short Form), and social functioning (Social Functioni...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Disclosure and Quality of Life Among Unemployed Individuals With Mental Health Problems: A Longitudinal Study
Unemployment and mental disorders are associated with impaired quality of life. Because of the stigma associated with mental illness, unemployed individuals with mental health problems face the difficult decision whether to disclose their condition to others. Disclosure has both risks and benefits, and it is unclear how it affects quality of life. We therefore examined disclosure attitudes at baseline as predictors of quality of life after 6 months and also assessed social support, depressive symptoms, self-stigma, and perceived discrimination among 301 unemployed individuals with mental health problems. Better quality of ...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Is There Anybody Out There? Attachment Style and Interpersonal Facilitators as Protective Factors Against Complicated Grief Among Suicide-Loss Survivors
Losing a loved one to suicide may have detrimental effects, one of them being suffering from complicated grief (CG). To date, no studies have fully examined the psychological processes that delineate the risk and resilience factors that contribute to CG among suicide-loss survivors (SLSs). We hypothesized that social support and self-disclosure would moderate the relationship between attachment styles and CG for SLS. Questionnaires assessing attachment style, self-disclosure, social support, and CG were completed by 156 SLS participants. A regression model revealed that secure attachment negatively predicted CG, but self-d...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Certified Peer Specialists and Older Adults With Serious Mental Illness' Perspectives of the Impact of a Peer-Delivered and Technology-Supported Self-Management Intervention
No abstract available (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - January 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

2018 Reviewer Thank You
No abstract available (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - January 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Annual Acknowledgement Source Type: research

Stress, Trauma, and Decision-Making for Social Workers: Cheryl Regehr (2018). New York: Columbia University Press.
No abstract available (Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease)
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - January 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Book Review Source Type: research