Seroprevalence of hepatitis E in pigs and wild boars in the region of the city Belgrade
Conclusions: Detected very high seroprevalence of anti-HEV antibodies indicated an active circulation of HEV, being enzootic in the swine population, and wild boars, as well, in the region of the city Belgrade. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Alternative antimicrobials for prophylaxis of the Group B Streptococcus maternal-fetal disease
Conclusions: The antibiotics used as alternatives to penicillin and ampicillin for the prevention of maternal-fetal GBS disease are poorly studied, and this study indicate that cefazolin can be an optimal choice, offering safety in the use of this antibiotic in situations where penicillins are contraindicated or unavailable. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Ventilator-associated Pneumonia: Multidrug Resistant Acinetobacter vs. Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase-producing Klebsiella
Conclusions: Results of the present study demonstrated that VAPs caused by MDR-AB may be more hazardous than ESBL-KP VAPs because they could be accompanied by a longer hospitalization course and even a higher mortality. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Factors associated with mortality in Infections caused by Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
Introduction: There is little information about weigh of factors possibly associated with mortality, in infections caused by Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in Latin America.Methodology: A case-controls study nested in a historical cohort was performed including all patients with CRE infections diagnosed between June 2013 and December 2018 at Hospital Universitario San Ignacio in Bogot á, Colombia. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to compare cases of mortality within the first month after the infection diagnosis with surviving patients.Results: A total of 131 patients were included. ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Is there a difference between two different skin disinfection methods in cardiac surgery in terms of isolated pathogens?
Conclusion: We did not find a study which compares scrub + alcohol + iodine and povidone iodine in our literature review. We think that our study is original in this respect. We can conclude that skin disinfection with scrub + alcohol + iodine was superior to using only povidone iodine in terms of the pathogens isolated afterwards from the wound. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Hepatitis C screening and referral for further investigation and treatment in a tertiary care hospital
In this study the awareness and knowledge of physicians is evaluated by analyzing the rate of the referrals of anti-HCV positive patients to HCV RNA test and their treatment by different clinics.Methodology: The patients tested for anti-HCV in internal medicine, surgery, gastroenterology and infectious disease clinics between 1 January and 31 December 2017 were evaluated retrospectively in a tertiary care hospital.Results: Anti-HCV testing was performed in 32,803 patients. Anti-HCV positivity was detected in 95 (0.28%) patients aged 88 years of age or younger (mean 60.89 ± 16.96 years), 57.89% of them were female. H...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Delayed care-seeking and its underlying factors among patients with tuberculosis in Yangon, Myanmar
This study was conducted to estimate the proportion of patients with TB who delayed care-seeking and to identify underlying factors.Methodology: The study population included patients with TB treated in a TB diagnostic center in April 2015. A total of 346 patients were chosen as eligible respondents. The data were collected using structured questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. In addition to descriptive statistics, chi-squared test and multiple logistic regression were performed to show any associations.Results: The study revealed that 66.8% of patients delayed care-seeking, and the average duration of delay was 21 ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

High prevalence of Anaplasma marginale in the Crioula Lageana cattle
Conclusions: Crioula Lageana cattle are in a situation of enzootic stability, with a high prevalence ofA. marginaleinfection. The factors associated with the infection were: I) breeding objectives, II) tick control rate, III) the acaricides used, and IV) the most tick-parasitized categories of cattle. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Molecular detection of Rickettsia africae in Amblyomma ticks collected in cattle from Southern and Central Mozambique
Conclusion: The study showed that Spotted Fever GroupRickettsia represented byR. africae widely circulate inAmblyomma ticks collected in south and central regions of Mozambique. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clinical and microbiological characteristics of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) in a hospital from North China
Conclusions: In this study, the detection rate of hvKp was 52.21% (59/113) identified by virulence genes. People with older ages or a higher PMN cell count are more likely to gain hvKp infection. ESBLs-producing hvKp is emerging, indicating the importance of epidemiologic surveillance and clinical awareness of this pathogen in this region. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Phenotypic analysis and antibiotic susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Kiambu County, Kenya
Conclusions: the data obtained revealed that there is presence of MRSA in healthcare settings in Kiambu County, Kenya with varying antibiotic sensitivity patterns as well as multidrug resistance. The findings will help healthcare workers in the county to develop preventive strategy as well as institute policy for antibiotic usage, infection control and surveillance. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Soluble fibrinogen-like protein 2 in condyloma acuminatum lesions
Conclusion: sFGL2 contributes to the underlying Th1/Th2 imbalance in CA pathogenesis. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Natural products and polysorbates: Potential Inhibitors of biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Conclusion: The decrease in the relative gene expression of the exopolysaccharides and quorum sensing encoding genes sheds the light on the mechanism of action of ginger and wild blueberry ’s constituents as well as polysorbates 20 and 80 onP. aeruginosa biofilm formation. Future studies need to assess the antibiofilm effect of each fraction of herbal extracts separately. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Multi-assay investigation of viral etiology in pediatric central nervous system infections
Conclusions: Herpes and enteroviruses were identified as the primary causative agents of central nervous system infections in children. Enterovirus testing must be included in the diagnostic work-up of relevant cases. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Risk factors for periprosthetic joint infection after primary artificial hip and knee joint replacements
Introduction: We aimed to explore the risk factors for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after primary artificial hip and knee joint replacements by performing a case-control study.Methodology: The clinical data of patients receiving primary hip and knee joint replacements were retrospectively analyzed. The case group included 96 patients who suffered from PJI, comprising 42 cases of hip joint replacement and 54 cases of knee joint replacement. Another 192 patients who received joint replacement at the ratio of 1:2 in the same period and did not suffer from PJI were selected as the control group. Differences between the...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam against commonly encountered antimicrobial resistant Gram-negative bacteria in Lebanon
Conclusion: The highinvitro activity of C/T points out its value as a possible alternative to the antimicrobials currently used for treatment of infections caused by such pathogens and would help in minimizing toxicity and bacterial resistance. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Ward renovation and PPE use procedures to protect medical staff from COVID-19 infection
In the early stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, many cross-infections occurred due to the limited number of wards and insufficient medical staff, which could not cope with the large number of patients visiting the hospital. A series of new infection control measures were implemented in our institution and a Wuhan hospital supported by our medical team, mainly including temporarily transforming the general ward into a passage for the staff to enter the infectious ward and standardizing the procedure for the wearing and removal of personal protection equipment (PPE). These measures significa...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Improving the early diagnosis of suspected patients with COVID-19: a retrospective study of 106 patients
This study aimed to analyze the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of patients with COVID-19 to better differentiate the suspected patients in Beijing, China.Methodology: This was a retrospective, single-center study. Clinical and epidemiologic data were collected from suspected patients with COVID-19 admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital from January 29 to February 21, 2020.Results: One hundred and six patients (60 males and 46 females, median age 36 years) were enrolled. Thirty-six patients were ultimately laboratory confirmed. Fifty-three were excluded from the diagnosis of COVID-19. The remaining 17 patients were ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Lockdown is an effective ‘vaccine’ against COVID-19: A message from India
This communication stresses the importance of the complete lockdown of a developing nation as a powerful tool against COVID-19 acting as a ‘vaccine’. India has been under complete lockdown since 24th March 2020 in addition to other measures emphasized by the Indian Government such as promoting hand washing, social distancing, and use of face masks. A strict lockdown is suggested as an effective measure for containing the novel Corona virus infection transmission worldwide. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of hepatitis E in pigs and wild boars in the region of the city Belgrade
Conclusions: Detected very high seroprevalence of anti-HEV antibodies indicated an active circulation of HEV, being enzootic in the swine population, and wild boars, as well, in the region of the city Belgrade. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Alternative antimicrobials for prophylaxis of the Group B Streptococcus maternal-fetal disease
Conclusions: The antibiotics used as alternatives to penicillin and ampicillin for the prevention of maternal-fetal GBS disease are poorly studied, and this study indicate that cefazolin can be an optimal choice, offering safety in the use of this antibiotic in situations where penicillins are contraindicated or unavailable. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Ventilator-associated Pneumonia: Multidrug Resistant Acinetobacter vs. Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase-producing Klebsiella
Conclusions: Results of the present study demonstrated that VAPs caused by MDR-AB may be more hazardous than ESBL-KP VAPs because they could be accompanied by a longer hospitalization course and even a higher mortality. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Factors associated with mortality in Infections caused by Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
Introduction: There is little information about weigh of factors possibly associated with mortality, in infections caused by Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in Latin America.Methodology: A case-controls study nested in a historical cohort was performed including all patients with CRE infections diagnosed between June 2013 and December 2018 at Hospital Universitario San Ignacio in Bogot á, Colombia. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to compare cases of mortality within the first month after the infection diagnosis with surviving patients.Results: A total of 131 patients were included. ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Is there a difference between two different skin disinfection methods in cardiac surgery in terms of isolated pathogens?
Conclusion: We did not find a study which compares scrub + alcohol + iodine and povidone iodine in our literature review. We think that our study is original in this respect. We can conclude that skin disinfection with scrub + alcohol + iodine was superior to using only povidone iodine in terms of the pathogens isolated afterwards from the wound. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Hepatitis C screening and referral for further investigation and treatment in a tertiary care hospital
In this study the awareness and knowledge of physicians is evaluated by analyzing the rate of the referrals of anti-HCV positive patients to HCV RNA test and their treatment by different clinics.Methodology: The patients tested for anti-HCV in internal medicine, surgery, gastroenterology and infectious disease clinics between 1 January and 31 December 2017 were evaluated retrospectively in a tertiary care hospital.Results: Anti-HCV testing was performed in 32,803 patients. Anti-HCV positivity was detected in 95 (0.28%) patients aged 88 years of age or younger (mean 60.89 ± 16.96 years), 57.89% of them were female. H...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Delayed care-seeking and its underlying factors among patients with tuberculosis in Yangon, Myanmar
This study was conducted to estimate the proportion of patients with TB who delayed care-seeking and to identify underlying factors.Methodology: The study population included patients with TB treated in a TB diagnostic center in April 2015. A total of 346 patients were chosen as eligible respondents. The data were collected using structured questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. In addition to descriptive statistics, chi-squared test and multiple logistic regression were performed to show any associations.Results: The study revealed that 66.8% of patients delayed care-seeking, and the average duration of delay was 21 ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

High prevalence of Anaplasma marginale in the Crioula Lageana cattle
Conclusions: Crioula Lageana cattle are in a situation of enzootic stability, with a high prevalence ofA. marginaleinfection. The factors associated with the infection were: I) breeding objectives, II) tick control rate, III) the acaricides used, and IV) the most tick-parasitized categories of cattle. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Molecular detection of Rickettsia africae in Amblyomma ticks collected in cattle from Southern and Central Mozambique
Conclusion: The study showed that Spotted Fever GroupRickettsia represented byR. africae widely circulate inAmblyomma ticks collected in south and central regions of Mozambique. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clinical and microbiological characteristics of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) in a hospital from North China
Conclusions: In this study, the detection rate of hvKp was 52.21% (59/113) identified by virulence genes. People with older ages or a higher PMN cell count are more likely to gain hvKp infection. ESBLs-producing hvKp is emerging, indicating the importance of epidemiologic surveillance and clinical awareness of this pathogen in this region. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Phenotypic analysis and antibiotic susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Kiambu County, Kenya
Conclusions: the data obtained revealed that there is presence of MRSA in healthcare settings in Kiambu County, Kenya with varying antibiotic sensitivity patterns as well as multidrug resistance. The findings will help healthcare workers in the county to develop preventive strategy as well as institute policy for antibiotic usage, infection control and surveillance. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Soluble fibrinogen-like protein 2 in condyloma acuminatum lesions
Conclusion: sFGL2 contributes to the underlying Th1/Th2 imbalance in CA pathogenesis. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Natural products and polysorbates: Potential Inhibitors of biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Conclusion: The decrease in the relative gene expression of the exopolysaccharides and quorum sensing encoding genes sheds the light on the mechanism of action of ginger and wild blueberry ’s constituents as well as polysorbates 20 and 80 onP. aeruginosa biofilm formation. Future studies need to assess the antibiofilm effect of each fraction of herbal extracts separately. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Multi-assay investigation of viral etiology in pediatric central nervous system infections
Conclusions: Herpes and enteroviruses were identified as the primary causative agents of central nervous system infections in children. Enterovirus testing must be included in the diagnostic work-up of relevant cases. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Risk factors for periprosthetic joint infection after primary artificial hip and knee joint replacements
Introduction: We aimed to explore the risk factors for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after primary artificial hip and knee joint replacements by performing a case-control study.Methodology: The clinical data of patients receiving primary hip and knee joint replacements were retrospectively analyzed. The case group included 96 patients who suffered from PJI, comprising 42 cases of hip joint replacement and 54 cases of knee joint replacement. Another 192 patients who received joint replacement at the ratio of 1:2 in the same period and did not suffer from PJI were selected as the control group. Differences between the...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam against commonly encountered antimicrobial resistant Gram-negative bacteria in Lebanon
Conclusion: The highinvitro activity of C/T points out its value as a possible alternative to the antimicrobials currently used for treatment of infections caused by such pathogens and would help in minimizing toxicity and bacterial resistance. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Ward renovation and PPE use procedures to protect medical staff from COVID-19 infection
In the early stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, many cross-infections occurred due to the limited number of wards and insufficient medical staff, which could not cope with the large number of patients visiting the hospital. A series of new infection control measures were implemented in our institution and a Wuhan hospital supported by our medical team, mainly including temporarily transforming the general ward into a passage for the staff to enter the infectious ward and standardizing the procedure for the wearing and removal of personal protection equipment (PPE). These measures significa...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Improving the early diagnosis of suspected patients with COVID-19: a retrospective study of 106 patients
This study aimed to analyze the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of patients with COVID-19 to better differentiate the suspected patients in Beijing, China.Methodology: This was a retrospective, single-center study. Clinical and epidemiologic data were collected from suspected patients with COVID-19 admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital from January 29 to February 21, 2020.Results: One hundred and six patients (60 males and 46 females, median age 36 years) were enrolled. Thirty-six patients were ultimately laboratory confirmed. Fifty-three were excluded from the diagnosis of COVID-19. The remaining 17 patients were ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Lockdown is an effective ‘vaccine’ against COVID-19: A message from India
This communication stresses the importance of the complete lockdown of a developing nation as a powerful tool against COVID-19 acting as a ‘vaccine’. India has been under complete lockdown since 24th March 2020 in addition to other measures emphasized by the Indian Government such as promoting hand washing, social distancing, and use of face masks. A strict lockdown is suggested as an effective measure for containing the novel Corona virus infection transmission worldwide. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Does mass drug administration for community-based scabies control works? The experience in Ethiopia
Conclusions: We demonstrated that community engagement is essential in the success of scabies MDA, alongside strong political commitment, and guideline adherence. Effectiveness and sustainability of the MDA was compromised by the failing of proper contact treatment, surveillance and case management. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Does mass drug administration affect Schistosoma mansoni infection trends in West Dembia district, Northwest Ethiopia?
Conclusions: The declined trend ofS. mansoni positivity rate is encouraging and may be related to the existence of intervention packages. Although the timing of MDA was related with low positivity rate ofS. mansoni infection, it has not resulted in the expected beneficial effect. Therefore, the district health office should work on both MDA and other interventions. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Diagnostic sensitivity of direct wet mount microscopy for soil-transmitted helminth infections in Jimma Town, Ethiopia
Conclusions: The diagnostic sensitivity of DWMM is low for STH, but it is able to detect those subjects that are in the highest need of treatment, and hence contributes to the global goal to eliminate STH as a public health problem. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Trends and seasonal patterns in intestinal parasites diagnosed in primary health facilities in Northwest Ethiopia
Conclusions: Trends in routine laboratories may be a proxy for a status quo in the community. These findings suggest that higher MDA coverages and/or interventions beyond MDA are needed to reduce intestinal parasite-related morbidity. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Cysts and parasites in an abattoir in Northwest Ethiopia; an urgent call for action on “one health”
Conclusions: Echinococcosis and fasciolosis were very common with one out of five animals slaughtered infected. This is of public health concern and needs urgent multi-sectorial efforts from stakeholders at the national and regional level for control of these diseases. One health program approaches may warrant the control of transmission to humans. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

High levels of scabies and malnutrition amongst orphans referred to a hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Introduction: Orphans are at high risk for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) and other comorbidities such as malnutrition. We investigated how many orphans suffered from scabies, other NTDs and malnutrition.Methodology: A descriptive study using medical records of orphans referred to a teaching hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from December 2014 to December 2018 was done. Files documenting NTDs were reviewed in detail for age, referral diagnosis, and nutritional status. Nutritional assessment was done using the WHO Standard growth curve, classifying children as stunted (height for age Z score
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clinical features and treatment outcomes of visceral leishmaniasis patients admitted to three centers in Oromia, Ethiopia
Conclusions: Children were most commonly affected, suggesting long-term endemicity. While short-term outcomes are encouraging, long-term follow-up data are required. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Does training of Health Extension Workers reduce scabies load in district health facilities in rural Ethiopia?
This study assesses whether decentralization of scabies management to communities would reduce the load on health facilities and allow earlier scabies treatment access.Methodology: All individuals presenting with scabies before (January – June 2018) and after (August 2018-January 2019) the introduction of training (July 2018) in Kamba district and the Arba Minch Zuria district were included. We compared between the two districts in the period before and after training, the numbers of scabies cases presenting to health facilities, their demography, clinical characteristics and treatment.Results: There were 1,891 scabi...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

“Stopping the itch”: mass drug administration for scabies outbreak control covered for over nine million people in Ethiopia
Conclusions: This experience of rapid-large scale implementation would be useful to scale up similar interventions and “stop the itch” in other regions of Ethiopia. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Is vitiligo associated with wearing plastic shoes in a podoconiosis endemic region of Ethiopia?
We report on their sociodemographic and clinical characteristics.Methodology: This is a retrospective study of 17 months at tertiary level Hospital in Ethiopia. Patient data was retrieved from medical record department. We compared sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients presenting with idiopathic and shoe-contact vitiligo. Data was presented descriptively.Results: Of 460 vitiligo cases, 190 (41%) were shoe-contact vitiligo and the rest, idiopathic. The former was more common in females (Odds Ratio, OR = 2.5, P
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Looking for NTDs in the skin; an entry door for offering patient centered holistic care
Conclusions: Skin NTDsand other poverty related skin infections were common at the dermatology service. Dermatological services could act as a good entry point for integrated management of skin NTDs. Future studies should assess how different preventive strategies like contact tracing, early diagnosis and mass drug administration can be integrated. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Delayed diagnosis and ongoing transmission of leprosy in the post-elimination era in Boru Meda hospital, Ethiopia
Introduction: Following the recommendation of the Global Leprosy Strategy, Ethiopia targeted to reduce the incidence of new leprosy cases, and the proportion with severe disability (grade 2) from 13.6% in 2016 to
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - June 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research