Subacute infective endocarditis caused by Bacillus cereus in a patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
A rare and difficult to diagnose case of subacute infective endocarditis caused byBacillus cereus in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and Libman-Sacks endocarditis has been reported. Our aim is to highlight the importance of molecular methods such as MALDI-TOF and PCR to explain clinical and epidemiological issues about infections caused by unusual pathogen. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A case of mycotic keratitis due to Fusarium sp. with an undesirable outcome
Fungal keratitis, an infective disease of the cornea, represents a serious diagnostic and therapeutic problem that, if not recognized on time, could lead to irreversible eye damage. Herein we report a case of fungal keratitis due toFusarium spp. infection. The 60-year-old man was admitted to our clinic due to an atraumatic acute onset of the disease, with a decrease in the visual acuity, photophobia, redness, and severe pain in the right eye. Clinical observation revealed an ulcer that affected 1/3 of the cornea and a hypopion in the anterior chamber. After the first results of microbiological analyzes, local and systemic ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

First-degree atrioventricular block in 14-year-old child due to Lyme disease
Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of theBorrelia burgdorferisensu lato(Bbsl) complex and is characterized by predominant lesions of the skin, cardiovascular system, nervous system and musculoskeletal system. We have described a clinical case of first-degree atrioventricular block in a 14-year-old boy caused by Lyme borreliosis. The disease started with the manifestations of cardiovascular system involvement. The patient and his parents did not recall observing a tick bite or manifestation of erythema migrans (EM). The boy was prescribed doxycycline. Three weeks after antibiotic therapy a second ECG e...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Fulminant necrotizing amoebic colitis presenting as acute appendicitis: a case report and comprehensive literature review
We report a 59-year-old male with acute lower right abdominal pain. Before coming to our institution, he was diagnosed with acute appendicitis. Extensive necrosis near the caecum involving the appendix and colon was observed intraoperatively. The patient underwent a right hemicolectomy, followed by an ileostomy and colostomy. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of FulNAC. After the surgery, the patient was transferred to the high care unit and treated with metronidazole after histopathologic findings confirmed the etiology. The patient showed excellent response to the antibiotic prescribed, and the symptoms...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Challenges of the treatment of pediatric hepatosplenic bartonellosis: case report and literature review
In this report, a 12-year-old girl diagnosed with HS-CSD and unresponsive to primary treatment with macrolide group antibiotic was presented. The patient had liver findings compatible with CSD, confirmed radiologically and pathologically, andBartonella henselae indirect immunofluorescence assay IgG was positive at 1/2048 titre. A combination therapy for six months with doxycycline and rifampicin was initiated, and the patient was successfully treated. The preference for monotherapy or combination regimen in HS-CSD is predominantly determined by the clinician according to the severity of the patient ’s clinical findings. ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

An outbreak of Ralstonia pickettii bloodstream infection and clinical outcomes
Conclusions: During this outbreak,R. pickettii infections ran a relatively mild course without clinical deterioration or mortality, possibly due to low virulence. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The occurrence of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis from patients of pulmonary tuberculosis
Conclusions: Overall findings of the study showed that MDR-TB is prevalent in pulmonary TB patients and GeneXpert is the most sensitive technique for early diagnosis of the disease, which may be very helpful in the treatment and control of this public health menace in low and middle-income countries. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Predictors of tuberculosis knowledge among mothers of under-fives, seen at Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos Nigeria
Conclusions: TB knowledge among the mothers was high, only attitude regarding thoughts and beliefs about TB was found as an independent predictor of TB knowledge. With the positive influence of attitude on knowledge among the mothers, it is recommended that this be strengthened for sustenance to prevent further infection. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Molecular analysis for the OprD gene among Pseudomonas aueroginosa clinical isolates obtained from hospitals in Jordan
Conclusions: A significant alteration in the OprD gene inP. aeruginosa clinical isolates was found. Alterations in the OprD gene could be linked to protein permeability of the outer membrane ofP. aeruginosaassociated with meropenem resistance. Further investigations with a larger number of bacterial isolates are needed to validate the proposed association. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Worldwide and Brazilian scientific publications on Leishmaniasis in the first 19 years of 21st century: a bibliometric study
Conclusions: The data show relevant characteristics of the scientific production on leishmaniasis and demonstrate the fundamental role played by Brazil in the production of knowledge in this area of study. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Hepatitis C virus genotypes and viremia in a tertiary hospital in Istanbul, Turkey
Conclusions: In this study, the rate of viremic HCV infection was found to be 0.3%. This rate was lower than the worldwide rate of HCV viremia. The distribution of HCV genotypes was like the global data. The identification of circulating genotypes and subtypes is essential for epidemiological purposes and remains important in the choice of treatment in patients with chronic HCV. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Infection prevention and control awareness, attitudes, and practices among healthcare professionals in South India
Conclusions: Measures to sustain the high awareness, positive attitudes, and good IPC practices by dealing with the factors associated with these variables identified in this study must be planned and implemented. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Factors associated with tuberculosis-diabetes mellitus type 2 binomial in rural population of Oaxaca, Mexico
Conclusions: This is the first report of this comorbidity in a rural Mexican population. The results highlight the growing problem of TB-T2DM, and the need to address the issue from an integral and gender perspective. Furthermore, mandatory screening is necessary in patients with T2DM to improve early diagnosis of TB and T2DM. This would promote better management of both conditions. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for latent tuberculosis among diabetes patients in Taiwan: A cross-sectional study
Conclusions: More than one-fifth of DM patients have LTBI. Among the DM patients, those older than 50 years may have a higher risk of LTBI. Moreover, effective glycemic control did not differ significantly in patients with LTBI. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Interferon gamma release assay post BCG among newborns and family members living in a crowded area in Jakarta, Indonesia
Conclusions: Untreated pulmonary TB infection in a crowded area infects the surrounding neighbors, resulting in latent TB infection. An active program for detecting pulmonary TB cases and preventive measures need to be taken seriously to contain the potential spread of the infection. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - April 29, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research