Enterococcus hirae as a cause of bacteremic urinary tract infection: first case report from Turkey
Conclusions: For diagnostic purposes, as in our case, rapid and high sensitive diagnostic methods such as Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) and molecular techniques may be useful to guide the selection of the least toxic and optimal duration of antibiotic treatment. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Epidemiological and molecular investigation of a hepatitis A outbreak in Tamil Nadu, Southern India
Conclusions: The infection was caused by HAV genotype IIIA. Improved access to clean drinking water, sanitation around drinking water sources and routine chlorination of drinking water in poor and developing countries are needed, as well as childhood HAV vaccination under regular immunization programs in endemic countries. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Hepatitis C virus genotype and its correlation with viral load in patients from Kathmandu, Nepal
Conclusions: HCV genotypes 1a, 1b, 3a, and 5a were identified in Kathmandu, Nepal, and mixed genotype patients were observed in the patients studied. HCV genotype showed a correlation with viral load in patient plasma. This finding may contribute to the treatment and prevention of hepatitis C in Kathmandu, Nepal. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence, multidrug-resistance and risk factors for AmpC β-lactamases producing Escherichia coli from hospitalized patients
Conclusions: A high prevalence of multidrug resistance among AmpC producing strains suggests plasmid mediated spread of drug resistance inE. coli. Every hospital should formulate and implement infection control policies at-least for the risk group patients to control the dissemination of such microbes as infection prevention is better than infection control. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clostridioides difficile infections: Epidemiology, correlations and treatment in a Lebanese cohort with use of ATLAS scoring
The objectives of the present study were to investigate epidemiology, correlations, severity, and therapeutic response ofClostridioides difficile infections in a Lebanese tertiary care hospital.Methodology: In this retrospective cohort study, patients having at least one positiveClostridioides difficile test (antigen glutamate dehydrogenase/GDH with toxins, or PCR) were studied.Results: Among 58 patients, 20 (34.5%) and 53 (91.4%) had positive antigen GDH and toxins, respectively. PCR was performed in 25 (43.1%) patients without any positive ribotype 027. Fifteen (25.9%) patients were immunocompromised, 35 (60.3%) patients...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Association of Acinetobacter Baumannii with invasive procedures in hospitalized patients in Jakarta
Conclusions: The use of ventilators and urinary catheters showed a significant association withAcinetobacter baumanniipositive culture in patients in the ICU and in the IMW respectively. All of theA. baumanniiisolates were susceptible to colistin. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Subtype distribution and molecular characterization of Blastocystis from hemodialysis patients in Turkey
Conclusions: This was the first study to determine theBlastocystis subtypes in hemodialysis patients. A rare subtype, ST6, was identified in two of the patients. Thus, the ST6 infections were attributable to transmission from poultry infections. The presence of this unusual subtype suggests the need for further extensive studies of hemodialysis patients. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Dirofilaria immitis proteins recognized by antibodies from individuals living with microfilaremic dogs
Conclusions: These results indicate that in endemic areas ofD. immitis, owners of infected dogs recognize specific proteins of the parasite, suggesting a possible infection. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

An investigation into the association between latent toxoplasmosis and suicide attempts among adolescents
Conclusion: Our study is one of the few studies examining the association betweenToxoplasma gondii seropositivity and suicide attempts in adolescents yet we did not find any significant association. Further evidence is needed to clarify this controversial issue. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Frequency of Giardia duodenalis infection and its genetic variability in dogs in Cuiab á, Midwest Brazil
Conclusions: The risk factors age, gender, breed, diet and the presence of other dogs in the same house were not correlationated with giardiasis. The host-specific and zoonotic genotype warns of the risk of inter and intraspecies transmission and it provides, for the first time, information about genetic characterization ofG. duodenalis isolates in dogs in Cuiab á, Midwest region of Brazil. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Molecular epidemiology of zygomycosis and their related factors in tertiary referral centers in southern Iran
Conclusions: Molecular methods and sequencing may have considered as suitable tools to diagnose zygomycosis. Identification of the etiologic agents may be considered as the future antifungal therapy and management of the respective patients. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

blaOXA, blaSHV-, and blaTEM- extended-spectrum β-lactamases in Gram-negative strains from burn patients in Lahore, Pakistan
Conclusions: The antimicrobial resistance associated with the ESBL-producingPseudomonas spp. andEnterobacteriaceae is becoming a challenge for the treatment and survival of burn patients. The high rateblaTEM,blaOXA, andblaSHVgenes confirm the need to improve the management of burn patients in order to prevent post-burn infections. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Multidrug resistance and its association with Enterobacteriales and age among pregnant Peruvian women with- bacteremia
Conclusions: The prevalence of MDR among pregnant women with sepsis was alarmingly high, being even higher among women age 35 or older and among those with hospital-acquired infections. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated in Algerian hospitals
Conclusions: Here, we report the first co-occurrence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases SHV-33 and CTX-M-15, the carbapenemase NDM-1 and the emergence of colistin-resistantA. baumannii in Algerian hospitals. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Incidence of septicemia. Etiology and antimicrobial susceptibility testing among patients admitted to tertiary care hospital
Introduction: Septicemia is considered as an important cause of life-threating infections. The study was aimed at determining the incidence of septicemia considering different age groups and gender among suspected patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Iraq.Methodology: A total of 168 blood samples were collected and cultured using BacT/Alert 3D automated system. The isolated pathogens were identified and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing using automated Vitek 2 Compact system.Results: Out of 168 blood samples, 53 (31.5%) gave positive microbial growth. Thirty-three samples (62.3%) came from male ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Dual versus triple therapy for uncomplicated brucellosis: A retrospective cohort study
Conclusions: Due to lack of differences in clinical outcomes, mortality, length of stay, and end of therapy parameters between the two groups, a regimen comprising two, rather than three, agents can be sufficient for uncomplicated brucellosis. This finding conforms to previous studies. Therefore, replacing rifampin with an aminoglycoside for its presumed superior efficacy as per the World Health Organization's guidelines is not substantiated by our study. Further studies with a larger sample size are required to confirm these findings. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic in Yemen: A questionnaire based survey, what do we know?
Conclusions: This study provides some important information about the early overspread of COVID-19 within the Yemeni community in May, June, and July of 2020. It shows that online questionnaires may help in collecting data about pandemics in resource-limited countries where testing availability is limited. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Long-term application of hydroxychloroquine could not prevent the infection of COVID-19
Conclusions: Long-term application of HCQ could not prevent COVID-19 infection, but whether HCQ exerts benefit to alleviation of clinical symptoms and duration of hospital stays remains to be further investigated. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Secondary attack rates of COVID-19 in diverse contact settings, a meta-analysis
Conclusions: The transmission risk of SARS-CoV-2 is much higher in households than in other scenarios. Identification of asymptomatic secondary infections should be enhanced in households. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clinical features and laboratory characteristics of patients hospitalized with COVID-19: single centre report from Egypt
Conclusions: In Egypt, patients above 50 years are at a higher risk for symptomatic COVID-19 infection and leaner for moderate to critical COVID-19 presentation. The triad of CT-chest, CRP, and N/L ratio could be an integrated panel for assessing disease severity. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Enterococcus hirae as a cause of bacteremic urinary tract infection: first case report from Turkey
Conclusions: For diagnostic purposes, as in our case, rapid and high sensitive diagnostic methods such as Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) and molecular techniques may be useful to guide the selection of the least toxic and optimal duration of antibiotic treatment. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Epidemiological and molecular investigation of a hepatitis A outbreak in Tamil Nadu, Southern India
Conclusions: The infection was caused by HAV genotype IIIA. Improved access to clean drinking water, sanitation around drinking water sources and routine chlorination of drinking water in poor and developing countries are needed, as well as childhood HAV vaccination under regular immunization programs in endemic countries. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Hepatitis C virus genotype and its correlation with viral load in patients from Kathmandu, Nepal
Conclusions: HCV genotypes 1a, 1b, 3a, and 5a were identified in Kathmandu, Nepal, and mixed genotype patients were observed in the patients studied. HCV genotype showed a correlation with viral load in patient plasma. This finding may contribute to the treatment and prevention of hepatitis C in Kathmandu, Nepal. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence, multidrug-resistance and risk factors for AmpC β-lactamases producing Escherichia coli from hospitalized patients
Conclusions: A high prevalence of multidrug resistance among AmpC producing strains suggests plasmid mediated spread of drug resistance inE. coli. Every hospital should formulate and implement infection control policies at-least for the risk group patients to control the dissemination of such microbes as infection prevention is better than infection control. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clostridioides difficile infections: Epidemiology, correlations and treatment in a Lebanese cohort with use of ATLAS scoring
The objectives of the present study were to investigate epidemiology, correlations, severity, and therapeutic response ofClostridioides difficile infections in a Lebanese tertiary care hospital.Methodology: In this retrospective cohort study, patients having at least one positiveClostridioides difficile test (antigen glutamate dehydrogenase/GDH with toxins, or PCR) were studied.Results: Among 58 patients, 20 (34.5%) and 53 (91.4%) had positive antigen GDH and toxins, respectively. PCR was performed in 25 (43.1%) patients without any positive ribotype 027. Fifteen (25.9%) patients were immunocompromised, 35 (60.3%) patients...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Association of Acinetobacter Baumannii with invasive procedures in hospitalized patients in Jakarta
Conclusions: The use of ventilators and urinary catheters showed a significant association withAcinetobacter baumanniipositive culture in patients in the ICU and in the IMW respectively. All of theA. baumanniiisolates were susceptible to colistin. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Subtype distribution and molecular characterization of Blastocystis from hemodialysis patients in Turkey
Conclusions: This was the first study to determine theBlastocystis subtypes in hemodialysis patients. A rare subtype, ST6, was identified in two of the patients. Thus, the ST6 infections were attributable to transmission from poultry infections. The presence of this unusual subtype suggests the need for further extensive studies of hemodialysis patients. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Dirofilaria immitis proteins recognized by antibodies from individuals living with microfilaremic dogs
Conclusions: These results indicate that in endemic areas ofD. immitis, owners of infected dogs recognize specific proteins of the parasite, suggesting a possible infection. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

An investigation into the association between latent toxoplasmosis and suicide attempts among adolescents
Conclusion: Our study is one of the few studies examining the association betweenToxoplasma gondii seropositivity and suicide attempts in adolescents yet we did not find any significant association. Further evidence is needed to clarify this controversial issue. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Frequency of Giardia duodenalis infection and its genetic variability in dogs in Cuiab á, Midwest Brazil
Conclusions: The risk factors age, gender, breed, diet and the presence of other dogs in the same house were not correlationated with giardiasis. The host-specific and zoonotic genotype warns of the risk of inter and intraspecies transmission and it provides, for the first time, information about genetic characterization ofG. duodenalis isolates in dogs in Cuiab á, Midwest region of Brazil. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Molecular epidemiology of zygomycosis and their related factors in tertiary referral centers in southern Iran
Conclusions: Molecular methods and sequencing may have considered as suitable tools to diagnose zygomycosis. Identification of the etiologic agents may be considered as the future antifungal therapy and management of the respective patients. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

blaOXA, blaSHV-, and blaTEM- extended-spectrum β-lactamases in Gram-negative strains from burn patients in Lahore, Pakistan
Conclusions: The antimicrobial resistance associated with the ESBL-producingPseudomonas spp. andEnterobacteriaceae is becoming a challenge for the treatment and survival of burn patients. The high rateblaTEM,blaOXA, andblaSHVgenes confirm the need to improve the management of burn patients in order to prevent post-burn infections. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Multidrug resistance and its association with Enterobacteriales and age among pregnant Peruvian women with- bacteremia
Conclusions: The prevalence of MDR among pregnant women with sepsis was alarmingly high, being even higher among women age 35 or older and among those with hospital-acquired infections. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated in Algerian hospitals
Conclusions: Here, we report the first co-occurrence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases SHV-33 and CTX-M-15, the carbapenemase NDM-1 and the emergence of colistin-resistantA. baumannii in Algerian hospitals. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Incidence of septicemia. Etiology and antimicrobial susceptibility testing among patients admitted to tertiary care hospital
Introduction: Septicemia is considered as an important cause of life-threating infections. The study was aimed at determining the incidence of septicemia considering different age groups and gender among suspected patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Iraq.Methodology: A total of 168 blood samples were collected and cultured using BacT/Alert 3D automated system. The isolated pathogens were identified and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing using automated Vitek 2 Compact system.Results: Out of 168 blood samples, 53 (31.5%) gave positive microbial growth. Thirty-three samples (62.3%) came from male ...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Dual versus triple therapy for uncomplicated brucellosis: A retrospective cohort study
Conclusions: Due to lack of differences in clinical outcomes, mortality, length of stay, and end of therapy parameters between the two groups, a regimen comprising two, rather than three, agents can be sufficient for uncomplicated brucellosis. This finding conforms to previous studies. Therefore, replacing rifampin with an aminoglycoside for its presumed superior efficacy as per the World Health Organization's guidelines is not substantiated by our study. Further studies with a larger sample size are required to confirm these findings. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic in Yemen: A questionnaire based survey, what do we know?
Conclusions: This study provides some important information about the early overspread of COVID-19 within the Yemeni community in May, June, and July of 2020. It shows that online questionnaires may help in collecting data about pandemics in resource-limited countries where testing availability is limited. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Long-term application of hydroxychloroquine could not prevent the infection of COVID-19
Conclusions: Long-term application of HCQ could not prevent COVID-19 infection, but whether HCQ exerts benefit to alleviation of clinical symptoms and duration of hospital stays remains to be further investigated. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Secondary attack rates of COVID-19 in diverse contact settings, a meta-analysis
Conclusions: The transmission risk of SARS-CoV-2 is much higher in households than in other scenarios. Identification of asymptomatic secondary infections should be enhanced in households. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clinical features and laboratory characteristics of patients hospitalized with COVID-19: single centre report from Egypt
Conclusions: In Egypt, patients above 50 years are at a higher risk for symptomatic COVID-19 infection and leaner for moderate to critical COVID-19 presentation. The triad of CT-chest, CRP, and N/L ratio could be an integrated panel for assessing disease severity. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 31, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Metagenomic Analysis of Bacterial Communities in Water and Soil of the Fulani and non-Fulani in Nigeria
Conclusions: The drinking water of the Fulani could be a potential health risk to the studied Fulani community. Factors that increase the abundance of public health threats and health risk, such as hygiene practices, soil and water quality need to be studied further for the improvement of health in vulnerable populations. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - December 18, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A case of infective endocarditis due to Herbaspirillum Huttiense in a pediatric oncology patient
Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endocardium and/or heart valves that involves thrombus formation (vegetation). This condition might damage the endocardial tissue and/or valves. An indwelling central venous catheter is a major risk factor for bacteremia at-risked pediatric populations such as premature infants; children with cancer and/or connective tissue disorders.Herbaspirillum huttiense is a Gram-negative opportunistic bacillus that may cause bacteremia and pneumonia rarely in this fragile population. Herein we report the very first case of bacteremia and IE in a pediatric oncology patient caused byH....
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - November 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Multi-parasite infection in an immigrant from Ghana: potential for new epidemic foci
Conclusions: Immigrant patients from endemic areas who show clinical signs, such as a general itching on the back, shoulders and arms and legs, should have a thorough history in order to make early diagnosis and prevent further complications. Therefore, general practitioners and doctors in Europe and in other parasitosis non-endemic countries, should consider to test for parasites in any immigrant from endemic countries to aid in establishing the final diagnosis and prevent further complications. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - November 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Cytomegalovirus associated severe pneumonia in three liver transplant recipients
Conclusions: CMV pneumonia can be seen simultaneously with bacterial agents due to the indirect effects of the CMV. It should be kept in mind that CMV pneumonia may cause severe clinical courses and can be mortal. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - November 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Epidemiological trends of malaria in the Western regions of Saudi Arabia: a cross sectional study
Conclusions:Plasmodium falciparum was the most dominant species in this survey and Jazan was the most affected region. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - November 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Oral melatonin improves the detection of parasitemia in malaria
Conclusions: In a single centre study, for the first time, it has been shown that a significantly higher proportion of patients was diagnosed with malaria on peripheral smear after oral melatonin administration, maximal at five hours after administration of melatonin. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - November 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Frequency and genotype distribution of high risk human papillomavirus in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
Conclusions: The overall high prevalence of HPV indicates it as a possible risk factor for ESSC. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - November 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Vagococcus sp. a porcine pathogen: molecular and phenotypic characterization of strains isolated from diseased pigs in Brazil
Conclusions: The observed resistance pattern can represent a problem for veterinary and producers in the treatment of diseases associatedVagococcus spp. in swine production.Vagococcus species may also be a risk for pig industry workers. The data described here will be of great value in further understanding the behavior of this pathogen in animal production. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - November 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A comparative study between a single-dose and 24-hour multiple-dose antibiotic prophylaxis for elective hysterectomy
Conclusions: Although the rate of SSIs is not significantly different between both groups, risk stratification can be done after screening patients and the prophylactic regimen must be tailored for each patient in a cost-effective manner and using a multidisciplinary approach. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - November 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research