Diseases of the Choroid
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):949-950. doi: 10.1055/a-1527-5628. Epub 2021 Sep 7.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34492710 | DOI:10.1055/a-1527-5628 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Horst Helbig Martin Zinkernagel Source Type: research

Modern Imaging Techniques for Visualising Choroidal Morphology and Function
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):951-961. doi: 10.1055/a-1562-8731. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTThe choroid is directly adjacent to the retina and consists of a dense vascular network that supplies the outer retina. Pathologies in the choroid can lead to changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptors. Thus, the choroid plays a crucial role in the development of retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), pathologic myopia, and inflammatory diseases such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH). Basic knowledge of the structure and physiology...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Marion Munk Chantal Dysli Source Type: research

Diseases of the Choroid
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):949-950. doi: 10.1055/a-1527-5628. Epub 2021 Sep 7.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34492710 | DOI:10.1055/a-1527-5628 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Horst Helbig Martin Zinkernagel Source Type: research

Modern Imaging Techniques for Visualising Choroidal Morphology and Function
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):951-961. doi: 10.1055/a-1562-8731. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTThe choroid is directly adjacent to the retina and consists of a dense vascular network that supplies the outer retina. Pathologies in the choroid can lead to changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptors. Thus, the choroid plays a crucial role in the development of retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), pathologic myopia, and inflammatory diseases such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH). Basic knowledge of the structure and physiology...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Marion Munk Chantal Dysli Source Type: research

Diseases of the Choroid
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):949-950. doi: 10.1055/a-1527-5628. Epub 2021 Sep 7.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34492710 | DOI:10.1055/a-1527-5628 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Horst Helbig Martin Zinkernagel Source Type: research

Modern Imaging Techniques for Visualising Choroidal Morphology and Function
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):951-961. doi: 10.1055/a-1562-8731. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTThe choroid is directly adjacent to the retina and consists of a dense vascular network that supplies the outer retina. Pathologies in the choroid can lead to changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptors. Thus, the choroid plays a crucial role in the development of retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), pathologic myopia, and inflammatory diseases such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH). Basic knowledge of the structure and physiology...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Marion Munk Chantal Dysli Source Type: research

Diseases of the Choroid
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):949-950. doi: 10.1055/a-1527-5628. Epub 2021 Sep 7.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34492710 | DOI:10.1055/a-1527-5628 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Horst Helbig Martin Zinkernagel Source Type: research

Modern Imaging Techniques for Visualising Choroidal Morphology and Function
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):951-961. doi: 10.1055/a-1562-8731. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTThe choroid is directly adjacent to the retina and consists of a dense vascular network that supplies the outer retina. Pathologies in the choroid can lead to changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptors. Thus, the choroid plays a crucial role in the development of retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), pathologic myopia, and inflammatory diseases such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH). Basic knowledge of the structure and physiology...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Marion Munk Chantal Dysli Source Type: research

Diseases of the Choroid
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):949-950. doi: 10.1055/a-1527-5628. Epub 2021 Sep 7.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34492710 | DOI:10.1055/a-1527-5628 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Horst Helbig Martin Zinkernagel Source Type: research

Modern Imaging Techniques for Visualising Choroidal Morphology and Function
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):951-961. doi: 10.1055/a-1562-8731. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTThe choroid is directly adjacent to the retina and consists of a dense vascular network that supplies the outer retina. Pathologies in the choroid can lead to changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptors. Thus, the choroid plays a crucial role in the development of retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), pathologic myopia, and inflammatory diseases such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH). Basic knowledge of the structure and physiology...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Marion Munk Chantal Dysli Source Type: research

Diseases of the Choroid
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):949-950. doi: 10.1055/a-1527-5628. Epub 2021 Sep 7.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34492710 | DOI:10.1055/a-1527-5628 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Horst Helbig Martin Zinkernagel Source Type: research

Modern Imaging Techniques for Visualising Choroidal Morphology and Function
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):951-961. doi: 10.1055/a-1562-8731. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTThe choroid is directly adjacent to the retina and consists of a dense vascular network that supplies the outer retina. Pathologies in the choroid can lead to changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptors. Thus, the choroid plays a crucial role in the development of retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), pathologic myopia, and inflammatory diseases such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH). Basic knowledge of the structure and physiology...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Marion Munk Chantal Dysli Source Type: research

Diseases of the Choroid
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):949-950. doi: 10.1055/a-1527-5628. Epub 2021 Sep 7.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34492710 | DOI:10.1055/a-1527-5628 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Horst Helbig Martin Zinkernagel Source Type: research

Modern Imaging Techniques for Visualising Choroidal Morphology and Function
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):951-961. doi: 10.1055/a-1562-8731. Epub 2021 Sep 7.ABSTRACTThe choroid is directly adjacent to the retina and consists of a dense vascular network that supplies the outer retina. Pathologies in the choroid can lead to changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptors. Thus, the choroid plays a crucial role in the development of retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR), pathologic myopia, and inflammatory diseases such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH). Basic knowledge of the structure and physiology...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 7, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Marion Munk Chantal Dysli Source Type: research

Ischemic Choroidal Diseases
CONCLUSION: With regard to the limited therapeutic options for choroidal ischemia, optimisation of the cardiovascular risk profile and the management of accompanying ocular and systemic diseases are essential.PMID:34416787 | DOI:10.1055/a-1402-7592 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy - an Overview
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):971-979. doi: 10.1055/a-1531-5605. Epub 2021 Aug 20.ABSTRACTCentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is characterised by retinal serous detachment usually localised in the macular region. CSCR predominantly affects men between 30 and 50 years of age. Traditional classification differentiates between acute (duration shorter than 4 to 6 months) and chronic disease (duration longer than 4 to 6 months). The pathogenesis is multifactorial and current thinking assumes the presence of localised choroidal hyperpermeability with subsequent secondary changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (R...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lieselotte Berger Virginie B ühler Suzanne Yzer Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Choroidal Diseases
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Sep;238(9):980-987. doi: 10.1055/a-1554-5496. Epub 2021 Aug 20.ABSTRACTAccumulation of serous fluid in the suprachoroidal space, known as uveal effusion, and choroidal or suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SCH) following rupture of ciliary blood vessels are considered rare, but serious, events with extremely poor functional prognosis. As a result, uveal effusion, and expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage in particular, continue to be considered as more or less fatal complications. However, clinical experience demonstrates that both clinical entities can be managed by conservative as well as surgical st...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lars-Olof Hattenbach Silvia Bopp Marc Strobel Argyrios Chronopoulos Source Type: research

Ischemic Choroidal Diseases
CONCLUSION: With regard to the limited therapeutic options for choroidal ischemia, optimisation of the cardiovascular risk profile and the management of accompanying ocular and systemic diseases are essential.PMID:34416787 | DOI:10.1055/a-1402-7592 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy - an Overview
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1531-5605. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is characterised by retinal serous detachment usually localised in the macular region. CSCR predominantly affects men between 30 and 50 years of age. Traditional classification differentiates between acute (duration shorter than 4 to 6 months) and chronic disease (duration longer than 4 to 6 months). The pathogenesis is multifactorial and current thinking assumes the presence of localised choroidal hyperpermeability with subsequent secondary changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Th...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lieselotte Berger Virginie B ühler Suzanne Yzer Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Choroidal Diseases
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1554-5496. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccumulation of serous fluid in the suprachoroidal space, known as uveal effusion, and choroidal or suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SCH) following rupture of ciliary blood vessels are considered rare, but serious, events with extremely poor functional prognosis. As a result, uveal effusion, and expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage in particular, continue to be considered as more or less fatal complications. However, clinical experience demonstrates that both clinical entities can be managed by conservative as well as surgical strategie...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lars-Olof Hattenbach Silvia Bopp Marc Strobel Argyrios Chronopoulos Source Type: research

Ischemic Choroidal Diseases
CONCLUSION: With regard to the limited therapeutic options for choroidal ischemia, optimisation of the cardiovascular risk profile and the management of accompanying ocular and systemic diseases are essential.PMID:34416787 | DOI:10.1055/a-1402-7592 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy - an Overview
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1531-5605. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is characterised by retinal serous detachment usually localised in the macular region. CSCR predominantly affects men between 30 and 50 years of age. Traditional classification differentiates between acute (duration shorter than 4 to 6 months) and chronic disease (duration longer than 4 to 6 months). The pathogenesis is multifactorial and current thinking assumes the presence of localised choroidal hyperpermeability with subsequent secondary changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Th...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lieselotte Berger Virginie B ühler Suzanne Yzer Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Choroidal Diseases
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1554-5496. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccumulation of serous fluid in the suprachoroidal space, known as uveal effusion, and choroidal or suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SCH) following rupture of ciliary blood vessels are considered rare, but serious, events with extremely poor functional prognosis. As a result, uveal effusion, and expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage in particular, continue to be considered as more or less fatal complications. However, clinical experience demonstrates that both clinical entities can be managed by conservative as well as surgical strategie...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lars-Olof Hattenbach Silvia Bopp Marc Strobel Argyrios Chronopoulos Source Type: research

Ischemic Choroidal Diseases
CONCLUSION: With regard to the limited therapeutic options for choroidal ischemia, optimisation of the cardiovascular risk profile and the management of accompanying ocular and systemic diseases are essential.PMID:34416787 | DOI:10.1055/a-1402-7592 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy - an Overview
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1531-5605. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is characterised by retinal serous detachment usually localised in the macular region. CSCR predominantly affects men between 30 and 50 years of age. Traditional classification differentiates between acute (duration shorter than 4 to 6 months) and chronic disease (duration longer than 4 to 6 months). The pathogenesis is multifactorial and current thinking assumes the presence of localised choroidal hyperpermeability with subsequent secondary changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Th...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lieselotte Berger Virginie B ühler Suzanne Yzer Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Choroidal Diseases
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1554-5496. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccumulation of serous fluid in the suprachoroidal space, known as uveal effusion, and choroidal or suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SCH) following rupture of ciliary blood vessels are considered rare, but serious, events with extremely poor functional prognosis. As a result, uveal effusion, and expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage in particular, continue to be considered as more or less fatal complications. However, clinical experience demonstrates that both clinical entities can be managed by conservative as well as surgical strategie...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lars-Olof Hattenbach Silvia Bopp Marc Strobel Argyrios Chronopoulos Source Type: research

Ischemic Choroidal Diseases
CONCLUSION: With regard to the limited therapeutic options for choroidal ischemia, optimisation of the cardiovascular risk profile and the management of accompanying ocular and systemic diseases are essential.PMID:34416787 | DOI:10.1055/a-1402-7592 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy - an Overview
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1531-5605. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is characterised by retinal serous detachment usually localised in the macular region. CSCR predominantly affects men between 30 and 50 years of age. Traditional classification differentiates between acute (duration shorter than 4 to 6 months) and chronic disease (duration longer than 4 to 6 months). The pathogenesis is multifactorial and current thinking assumes the presence of localised choroidal hyperpermeability with subsequent secondary changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Th...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lieselotte Berger Virginie B ühler Suzanne Yzer Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Choroidal Diseases
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1554-5496. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccumulation of serous fluid in the suprachoroidal space, known as uveal effusion, and choroidal or suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SCH) following rupture of ciliary blood vessels are considered rare, but serious, events with extremely poor functional prognosis. As a result, uveal effusion, and expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage in particular, continue to be considered as more or less fatal complications. However, clinical experience demonstrates that both clinical entities can be managed by conservative as well as surgical strategie...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lars-Olof Hattenbach Silvia Bopp Marc Strobel Argyrios Chronopoulos Source Type: research

Ischemic Choroidal Diseases
CONCLUSION: With regard to the limited therapeutic options for choroidal ischemia, optimisation of the cardiovascular risk profile and the management of accompanying ocular and systemic diseases are essential.PMID:34416787 | DOI:10.1055/a-1402-7592 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy - an Overview
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1531-5605. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is characterised by retinal serous detachment usually localised in the macular region. CSCR predominantly affects men between 30 and 50 years of age. Traditional classification differentiates between acute (duration shorter than 4 to 6 months) and chronic disease (duration longer than 4 to 6 months). The pathogenesis is multifactorial and current thinking assumes the presence of localised choroidal hyperpermeability with subsequent secondary changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Th...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lieselotte Berger Virginie B ühler Suzanne Yzer Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Choroidal Diseases
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1554-5496. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccumulation of serous fluid in the suprachoroidal space, known as uveal effusion, and choroidal or suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SCH) following rupture of ciliary blood vessels are considered rare, but serious, events with extremely poor functional prognosis. As a result, uveal effusion, and expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage in particular, continue to be considered as more or less fatal complications. However, clinical experience demonstrates that both clinical entities can be managed by conservative as well as surgical strategie...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lars-Olof Hattenbach Silvia Bopp Marc Strobel Argyrios Chronopoulos Source Type: research

Ischemic Choroidal Diseases
CONCLUSION: With regard to the limited therapeutic options for choroidal ischemia, optimisation of the cardiovascular risk profile and the management of accompanying ocular and systemic diseases are essential.PMID:34416787 | DOI:10.1055/a-1402-7592 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy - an Overview
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1531-5605. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is characterised by retinal serous detachment usually localised in the macular region. CSCR predominantly affects men between 30 and 50 years of age. Traditional classification differentiates between acute (duration shorter than 4 to 6 months) and chronic disease (duration longer than 4 to 6 months). The pathogenesis is multifactorial and current thinking assumes the presence of localised choroidal hyperpermeability with subsequent secondary changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Th...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lieselotte Berger Virginie B ühler Suzanne Yzer Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Choroidal Diseases
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1554-5496. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccumulation of serous fluid in the suprachoroidal space, known as uveal effusion, and choroidal or suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SCH) following rupture of ciliary blood vessels are considered rare, but serious, events with extremely poor functional prognosis. As a result, uveal effusion, and expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage in particular, continue to be considered as more or less fatal complications. However, clinical experience demonstrates that both clinical entities can be managed by conservative as well as surgical strategie...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lars-Olof Hattenbach Silvia Bopp Marc Strobel Argyrios Chronopoulos Source Type: research

Ischemic Choroidal Diseases
CONCLUSION: With regard to the limited therapeutic options for choroidal ischemia, optimisation of the cardiovascular risk profile and the management of accompanying ocular and systemic diseases are essential.PMID:34416787 | DOI:10.1055/a-1402-7592 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy - an Overview
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1531-5605. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is characterised by retinal serous detachment usually localised in the macular region. CSCR predominantly affects men between 30 and 50 years of age. Traditional classification differentiates between acute (duration shorter than 4 to 6 months) and chronic disease (duration longer than 4 to 6 months). The pathogenesis is multifactorial and current thinking assumes the presence of localised choroidal hyperpermeability with subsequent secondary changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Th...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lieselotte Berger Virginie B ühler Suzanne Yzer Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Choroidal Diseases
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1055/a-1554-5496. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccumulation of serous fluid in the suprachoroidal space, known as uveal effusion, and choroidal or suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SCH) following rupture of ciliary blood vessels are considered rare, but serious, events with extremely poor functional prognosis. As a result, uveal effusion, and expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage in particular, continue to be considered as more or less fatal complications. However, clinical experience demonstrates that both clinical entities can be managed by conservative as well as surgical strategie...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 20, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lars-Olof Hattenbach Silvia Bopp Marc Strobel Argyrios Chronopoulos Source Type: research

Not just simply lens surgery
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug;238(8):859-860. doi: 10.1055/a-1527-5837. Epub 2021 Aug 19.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34412147 | DOI:10.1055/a-1527-5837 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 19, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Thomas Kohnen Wolfgang J Mayer Source Type: research

Diabetic retinopathy
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 11. doi: 10.1055/a-1545-9927. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDiabetic retinopathy (DR) is a vision-threatening microvascular complication of diabetes and the leading cause of blindness in working-age people. At the beginning of the metabolic disorder and in early stages of DR the patient's eyesight is often not affected. Depending on the duration of diabetes and in more advanced stages of DR the vision is compromised through the presence of diabetic macular edema (DME) and/or proliferative retinal complications. The management of DR comprises regular ophthalmic examinations according to clin...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Diabetic Macular Edema
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 11. doi: 10.1055/a-1545-9656. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDiabetic macular edema (DME) is a chronic retinal disease, which requires intensive clinical monitoring. Within the last ten years the intravitreal anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) therapy has become the standard of care to improve and stabilize vision in patients with centre involving DME. Long-acting intravitreal corticosteroids can achieve similar visual results with fewer injection rates. Because of steroid-induced side effects (progression of cataract, glaucoma) these drugs are regarded as second-line medication....
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Secondary Angle Closure Glaucoma
This article intends to provide an overview of the different causes of secondary angle closure, diagnostic approaches and targeted therapies of exemplary causes of each subgroup.From the group of secondary pupillary block, mechanical causes, iris bombé, and intraoperative air or oil input are addressed, from the group of "pulling" causes, angle neovascularization, post-inflammatory angle changes, and iridocorneal endothelial syndrome and for the group of "pushing" mechanisms, gas endotamponade, retroiridal neoplasms and aqueous misdirection syndrome.While secondary angle closure is one of the mos...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Simone N üßle Jan L übke Source Type: research

Imaging Properties of Spectacle Lenses and their Influence on the Tolerance of Spectacle Correction
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 11. doi: 10.1055/a-1553-6344. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIt is not uncommon for patients to complain about incompatibility with the glasses made, although an eyeglass determination has been performed with utmost precision. The causes for this can vary. Thus, the specification of the corneal vertex distance (HSA) is mandatory when prescribing spectacles in order to ensure the exact conversion of the measured values into the values in use. In addition, eye movements behind the lenses may result in a deviation from refractive accuracy and/or astigmatic deviation. Perceived colour fringes by...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Stephan Rei ß Source Type: research

Subjektive Refraktion – Monokularabgleich
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 11. doi: 10.1055/a-1553-0699. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34380159 | DOI:10.1055/a-1553-0699 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Bettina von Livonius Source Type: research

Simultaneous Bilateral Primary Occlusion of the Ophthalmic Artery due to Florid Giant Cell Arteritis
CONCLUSION AND IMPORTANCE: We hereby present a simultaneous bilateral ophthalmic artery occlusion as a rare complication of GCA. The combination of central retinal artery occlusion, arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, and choroidal hypoperfusion suggests an acute inflammatory involvement of the ophthalmic artery. In cases of the slightest suspicion of giant cell arteritis, an immediate high-dose steroid therapy initiation is of utmost importance.PMID:34380160 | DOI:10.1055/a-1554-5182 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tim Berger Kassandra Xanthopoulou Elena Zemova Rainer M Bohle Berthold Seitz Alaadin Abdin Source Type: research

Clinical Course of Different Types of Immune Reactions following Keratoplasty
CONCLUSIONS: We herein report comprehensive data about the prognosis regarding functional recovery after different types of IR following keratoplasty. Our data underline that timely recognition and correct classification of IR are important because they determine the clinical course and prognosis.PMID:34380161 | DOI:10.1055/a-1554-5362 (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Philip Keye Thabo Lapp Daniel B öhringer Sonja Heinzelmann Philip Maier Thomas Reinhard Source Type: research

Diabetic retinopathy
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 11. doi: 10.1055/a-1545-9927. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDiabetic retinopathy (DR) is a vision-threatening microvascular complication of diabetes and the leading cause of blindness in working-age people. At the beginning of the metabolic disorder and in early stages of DR the patient's eyesight is often not affected. Depending on the duration of diabetes and in more advanced stages of DR the vision is compromised through the presence of diabetic macular edema (DME) and/or proliferative retinal complications. The management of DR comprises regular ophthalmic examinations according to clin...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Diabetic Macular Edema
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2021 Aug 11. doi: 10.1055/a-1545-9656. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDiabetic macular edema (DME) is a chronic retinal disease, which requires intensive clinical monitoring. Within the last ten years the intravitreal anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) therapy has become the standard of care to improve and stabilize vision in patients with centre involving DME. Long-acting intravitreal corticosteroids can achieve similar visual results with fewer injection rates. Because of steroid-induced side effects (progression of cataract, glaucoma) these drugs are regarded as second-line medication....
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Teresa Barth Horst Helbig Source Type: research

Secondary Angle Closure Glaucoma
This article intends to provide an overview of the different causes of secondary angle closure, diagnostic approaches and targeted therapies of exemplary causes of each subgroup.From the group of secondary pupillary block, mechanical causes, iris bombé, and intraoperative air or oil input are addressed, from the group of "pulling" causes, angle neovascularization, post-inflammatory angle changes, and iridocorneal endothelial syndrome and for the group of "pushing" mechanisms, gas endotamponade, retroiridal neoplasms and aqueous misdirection syndrome.While secondary angle closure is one of the mos...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 11, 2021 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Simone N üßle Jan L übke Source Type: research