Treatment Complexity in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): Perspectives on Patient Selection in Micro-Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS) Using Stents.
CONCLUSION: In view of the therapeutic requirements, the current microstent therapy seems to be used in a selected, adherent patient group. Further qualitative and quantitative studies (in other health care regions and structures) are necessary to verify and extend the available results. PMID: 33254258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 2, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Binocular Asymmetric Manifestation of Cat-Scratch Disease Due to Bartonella Henselae Infection in an Immunosuppressed Patient].
Authors: Qozat I, Lepper S, Seitz B PMID: 33242882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 28, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Development of a Patient-Oriented Organizational Management System for Intravitreal Injection Therapy in a Standardized "Treat-and-Extend" Regime at a University Eye Clinic.
CONCLUSION: In the context of chronic treatment with intravitreal injections, the care of an increased number of patients is a logistical challenge. By optimizing processes, existing resources can be better used to meet the increased demands. An optimized system offers the patient greater adherence and a better visual outcome largely independent of the medication used. PMID: 33242883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 28, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Interdisciplinary Surveillance of Ocular Melanomas: Experiences in a German Tertiary Centre.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data show a growing number of patients in standardized surveillance. However, there are still gaps. There is a need for guidelines specifically designed for ocular melanomas, allowing centres to offer patients an individualized approach. PMID: 33242884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 28, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[How Can the Percentage of Vision in Criminal Law be Handled by the Medical Expert According to the Current State of Medicine?]
Authors: Tost FHW, Rohrschneider K PMID: 33242885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 28, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Neuroimmunological Aspects in Glaucoma.
Authors: Hohberger B Abstract Glaucoma pathogenesis hast still to be elucidated. Next to its main risk factor, an increased intraocular pressure, an e.g. altered biomechanics of the lamina cribrosa, oxidative stress-mediated changes and glutatmate toxicity are involved in this multifactorial pathophysiology. Recent experimental studies and clinical findings suggest an involvement of the immune system in glaucoma. This review will give an overview of the different immunologic aspects being involved in glaucoma pathogenesis. PMID: 33242886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 28, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

In vivo Histology of the Cornea - from the "Rostock Cornea Module" to the "Rostock Electronic Slit Lamp" - a Clinical "Proof of Concept" Study.
CONCLUSIONS: It could be shown that this new concept of CLSM can be used clinically. It can provide valuable and novel information to both preclinical researchers and to ophthalmologists interested in corneal disease, e.g. density of Langerhans cells and epithelial stratification in ocular surface diseases. PMID: 33231276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 25, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Calculation of Intraocular Lens Power.
CONCLUSION: In this paper we wanted to show the principles of supervised machine learning applied to prediction of the measured physical postoperative axial position of the intraocular lenses. Based on our limited data pool and the algorithms used in our setting, the benefit of machine learning algorithms seems to be limited compared to a standard multivariate regression model. PMID: 33231277 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 25, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Artificial Intelligence and Big Data.
Authors: Langner S, Beller E, Streckenbach F Abstract Medical images play an important role in ophthalmology and radiology. Medical image analysis has greatly benefited from the application of "deep learning" techniques in clinical and experimental radiology. Clinical applications and their relevance for radiological imaging in ophthalmology are presented. PMID: 33212517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 21, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Morgagnian Cataract with Associated Phacolytic Glaucoma and Anterior Chamber Polychromatic Crystals: A Case Report].
Authors: Garza Garza LA, Ruiz Lozano RE, Busch C, Rodríguez Valdés P PMID: 33202432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Scrolling of the Donor Cornea in Dependence of Temperature and Osmolarity for Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty.
In this study we investigated how temperature, osmolarity, and deswelling of the donor tissue influence scrolling diameter. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study we examined donor corneas that could not be used for transplantation. The diameter of the DMEK donor scrolls was measured after graft preparation by reflected light microscopy under different conditions: (1) The diameter of the roll was measured in Ringer's solution at temperatures of 5 °C, 24 °C and 35 °C. (2) To study the effect of different culture conditions we used 6% dextran-containing medium for 10 min, 20 min, 16 h ...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Canaloplasty ab interno (AbiC) - 2-Year-Results of a Novel Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS) Technique.
Authors: Kazerounian S, Zimbelmann M, Lörtscher M, Hommayda S, Tsirkinidou I, Müller M Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy of a novel minimally invasive glaucoma surgery technique (MIGS), Ab interno Canaloplasty (AbiC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this retrospective cohort study, we analysed the data of 25 eyes of 23 patients with open angle glaucoma who underwent an AbiC (6 eyes) or in case of an additional cataract, a combined cataract-AbiC procedure ("phacocanaloplasty ab interno", 19 eyes), respectively. Postoperatively, we investigated the intraoc...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Treatment of Chronic and Painful Corneal Defects with a Complete or Partial Conjunctival Flap.
CONCLUSION: Conjunctival flap is an established surgical procedure that is applied rarely. The more frequent performance of this technique is suggested as it consists the ultima ratio for the treatment of refractory neurotrophic keratitis and non-healing epithelial defects. PMID: 33202435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Editorial].
Authors: Lagrèze W PMID: 33202458 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

The Swinging Flashlight Test - Flawed Execution and Interpretation in Ophthalmological Routine.
CONCLUSION: The rate of correct answers appears disturbingly low. The swinging flashlight test being a basic tool and an obligatory test in a number of guidelines should rather be performed nearly error-free. In light of the high error rates, misdiagnoses and treatment errors must be feared. Better training seems necessary. PMID: 33202459 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Diabetic Macular Edema in Diabetological Practices.
Authors: Michelson G, Forst T Abstract Using mobile OCT equipment and remote ophthalmological diagnosis of n = 1538 diabetics in 17 diabetes practices in Germany, we found diabetic macular edema in 10.1% of the patients and retinal bleedings or microaneurysms in 15.6%. In 1.62% of the diabetics examined, the size of the edema was> 0.4 mm², in 7% the retinal thickness was> 300 µm and thus in need of treatment. An intravitreal anti-VEGF injection was administered prior to the examination in only 10% of the patients with diabetic macular edema. By means of mob...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Current Recommendations on Optic Neuritis.
CONCLUSIONS: The present paper provides evidence-based recommendations for a safe handling of optic neuritis as well as information on current issues. PMID: 33202461 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Aquaporin-4 and Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein Antibody-Associated Optic Neuritis: Diagnosis and Treatment].
Authors: Wildemann B, Horstmann S, Korporal-Kuhnke M, Viehöver A, Jarius S Abstract Optic neuritis (ON) is a frequent manifestation of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody-mediated neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated encephalomyelitis (MOG-EM; also termed MOG antibody-associated disorders, MOGAD). The past few years have seen major advances in the diagnosis and treatment of these two relatively new entities: international diagnostic criteria for NMOSD and MOG-EM have been proposed, improved antibody assays developed, and consensus recommendations o...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Ophthalmological Management of Patients with Pituitary Adenomas.
Authors: Küchlin S, Lagrèze WA Abstract Pituitary tumours are a common cause of functional impairment and degeneration of the anterior visual pathway. Depending on localization and size, they clinically manifest as initially reversible visual field defects. As part of interdisciplinary tumour management, ophthalmologic examinations are of particular importance concerning diagnostics, indication for tumour resection and documentation of functional surgical results. Based on the relationship between clinical dysfunction and manifest atrophy, together with the patient's age and the duration of symptoms, th...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Pediatric Ophthalmology and Amblyopia Treatment].
Authors: Hildebrand D, Besch D PMID: 33059375 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Digital and Technical Developments in the Amblyopia Therapy.
Authors: Schramm C, Wenner Y Abstract The digital media becomes more and more common in our everyday lives. So it is not surprising that technical progress is also leaving its mark on amblyopia therapy. New media and technologies can be used both in the actual amblyopia therapy or therapy monitoring. In particular in this review shutter glasses, therapy monitoring and analysis using microsensors and newer video programs for amblyopia therapy are presented and critically discussed. Currently, these cannot yet replace classic amblyopia therapy. They represent interesting options that will occupy us even more in the f...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Childhood Uveitis.
Authors: Thurau S Abstract Childhood uveitis is an ophthalmological challenge, since on the one hand it often remains asymptomatic and difficult to detect, and on the other hand it often has a chronic course and is associated with a high risk of complications threatening the vision. The most important risk factors for childhood uveitis are underlying rheumatic diseases; recommendations for ophthalmological monitoring have been developed together with paediatric rheumatologists. Intermediate and posterior uveitis are rare in children. The therapy must effectively control inflammation and at the same time cause only ...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Laser Pointer: A Possible Risk for the Retina.
Authors: Birtel J, Hildebrand GD, Charbel Issa P Abstract In recent years, an increasing incidence of laser pointer-associated retinal injuries has been observed, likely due to easy access to incorrectly classified laser pointers, their labelling as toys, and lack of awareness concerning the associated risk. Laser pointer exposure can lead to irreversible retinal damage and associated vision loss, depending on the wavelength, radiation power, duration of exposure, localization, and spot size. Pronounced retinal laser damage is especially seen in children and teenagers. The structural appearance of retinal laser poi...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Value of Intraoperative OCT in Retinal Surgery. Part 2: Contra].
Authors: Szurman P Abstract One of the most controversial discussions in retinal surgery is currently being held about the importance of intraoperative OCT (iOCT). The background is the desire to combine the 2-dimensional fundus view of the surgeon with the layered depth information of OCT to achieve a 4-dimensional "augmented reality" (3-D plus change over time). This should help to visualise fine structures, which have been hidden from the surgeon's view. Therefore, retinal surgery seems to be predestined for the use of iOCT. The great hope is that a dynamic live 3-D image with real-time feedback will p...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Postoperative Behaviour after Primary Strabismus Surgery in Children: Is There an Influence of Intraoperative Topical Anaesthesia?
CONCLUSION: The application of topical tetracaine-HCl immediately after wound closure had no positive effects on the course of the postoperative recovery period after strabismus surgery in children. There was no evidence of an effect on pain or emergence agitation. PMID: 33059380 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Unilateral Irregularities in the Macular Pigment Epithelium in a 38-Year-Old Patient - "Acute Retinal Pigment Epitheliitis"].
[Unilateral Irregularities in the Macular Pigment Epithelium in a 38-Year-Old Patient - "Acute Retinal Pigment Epitheliitis"]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2020 Oct 09;: Authors: Wykrota AA, Löw U, Fries FN, Seitz B, Abdin AD PMID: 33036057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 10, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

The Impact of Artificial Tear Viscosity on the Results of Optical Coherence Tomography.
CONCLUSION: In this study, no influence of tear substitutes containing different viscosities of hyaluronic acid on the measurement results of optical coherence tomography could be determined. Therefore, 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3% hyaluronic acid can be applied to the patient to improve the corneal surface before the examination with optical coherence tomography, without influencing the measurement results of optical coherence tomography. PMID: 33036058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 10, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Comparison of the Ocular Trauma Score and Pediatric Ocular Trauma Score as Two Prognostic Models in Pediatric Open Globe Injuries.
CONCLUSION: Our study did not confirm the benefit of POTS. The distribution of our cases among OTS categories demonstrated a significant difference between the two models with more cases distributed in lower categories in POTS group. In the POTS group, the prognosis for final visual acuity was significantly better in the first three categories than in the OTS group, probably as a result of a lower calculation for POTS points. In our opinion, the OTS model is easier to use, has a higher prognostic accuracy, and should be further used in counselling of paediatric cases. PMID: 33036059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] ...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 10, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[50 Years Pars-plana Vitrectomy: the Driving Force Derived from Germany].
Authors: Meyer CH PMID: 32967027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Eye Injuries].
Authors: Joussen AM, Helbig H PMID: 32967028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Contextual Assessment of Retinal Injuries - Tasks of the Ophthalmological Expert.
Authors: Tost F, Stahl A Abstract The ophthalmologic assessment of causal relationships is subject to formal guidelines, depending on the legal field (social law in the statutory accident insurance, civil law in the private accident insurance). After determining all objective and subjective findings of the individual case with complete recording of the medical facts, the ophthalmologist has the task of making a summarizing assessment of the existing cause-and-effect relationship. With regard to the distinction between retinal damage caused by an accident or retinal disease not caused by an accident, it is necessary...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Sympathetic Ophthalmia - a Contribution to Immunology, Clinic and Current Imaging.
CONCLUSION: SO remains a threatening clinical diagnosis that poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. It can be triggered post-traumatic, but also any intraocular surgery. This should be taken into account when assessing the indication for intraocular eye surgery, especially in eyes with reduced visual outcome. PMID: 32967030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Rupture of the Globe: What to Do, What not to Do.
Authors: Joussen AM, Müller B, Kirchhof B, Stappler T, Zeitz O Abstract Due to their complexity, globe ruptures are highly compromising traumas for the patient. This is due on the one hand to the eye injury itself with the accompanying loss of vision and on the other hand due to the need for extended treatment with uncertain prognosis and the resulting psychological stress. Globe ruptures are among the prognostically most unfavorable injuries due to the force and peak pressure impacting the eye. Furthermore, contusional retinal necrosis may be of significance prognostically. In the present review, we discuss t...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Iris and Lens Trauma - Iris Reconstruction.
Authors: Lenglinger M, Bertelmann E Abstract Iris and lens injuries entail a large spectrum and occur in closed and open globe injuries. Depending on accompanying ocular trauma (e.g. corneal involvement) as well as on the extend of the injuries several different surgical options are available ranging from suturing techniques to special individualized implants. The aim of this article is to present and discuss current treatment options for lens and iris trauma in regards to typical cases. PMID: 32967032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Assessment of the Efficacy of Microinvasive Glaucoma Surgery Techniques using an Oculopression Stress Test.
CONCLUSION: MIGS can increase the outflow facility of the eye in patients with glaucoma. Though ELT had the lowest impact on the aqueous outflow among the studied procedures in this study. The new test can help in the evaluation of current and further development of new MIGS in the future. PMID: 32967033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Implantation of a Phakic Posterior Chamber Lens in Eyes with Keratoconus].
Authors: Scharf D, Yildirim TM, Auffarth GU, Mayer CS, Choi CY, Khoramnia R PMID: 32967034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Empfehlungen von DOG, BVA und BDOC f ür planbare Augenoperationen während der SARS-CoV-2-Pandemie.
Empfehlungen von DOG, BVA und BDOC für planbare Augenoperationen während der SARS-CoV-2-Pandemie. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2020 Sep;237(9):1140-1141 Authors: Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft (DOG), Berufsverband der Augenärzte Deutschlands e. V. (BVA), Bundesverband Deutscher Ophthalmochirurgen e. V. (BDOC) PMID: 32967035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

OCT Angiographic Findings in Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation.
CONCLUSION: The OCT-A is well suited for the diagnosis of RAP stage 1. In the present cases, the diagnosis in the OCT-A could be made as clearly as by FA. A major advantage of the OCT-A results from the non-invasive character and the depth selectivity. The RAP 1 lesions could be assigned to both the superficial and the deep vascular plexus. Depth selection is not possible with the FA due to the summary picture. PMID: 32869242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 3, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Analysis of the Vascular Morphology of the Fibrotic Choroidal Neovascularization in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.
CONCLUSION: In this study the vascular morphology of fibrotic CNV was analyzed using OCTA. Differences between the lesion and a perilesional rim could be detected. Two phenotypes within the fibrovascular lesion were identified. These morphological clusters could indicate different patterns of fibrovascular transformation of the CNV under long-term anti-VEGF therapy and be useful identifying possible predictive biomarkers in future studies. PMID: 32869243 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 3, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Bony Orbital Decompression in Patients with High Myopia and Pseudoexophthalmos.
DISCUSSION: The bony orbital decompression provides a sufficient decompression effect in the four patients to reduce the myopic pseudoexophthalmos. The alignment anomalies associated with a high myopia ("heavy eye") was favourably influenced by the lateral decompression. PMID: 32869244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 3, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Ophthalmic Care in Nursing Homes for the Blind: A Growing Challenge.
Authors: Wagner H, Stifter J, Engesser D, Atzrodt L, Betancor PK, Böhringer D, Faessler M, Wuermeling M, Reinhard T Abstract BACKGROUND: The demographic change in Germany will lead to an increase in irreversible age-related eye diseases. This will increase the need for specialised care facilities for visually impaired people. Due to reduced mobility, residents in such facilities often do not receive adequate ophthalmological care. New concepts must therefore be considered for this group of patients. One approach is to set up an ophthalmological examination unit within the facility combined with regular visits ...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 3, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Stellungnahme der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft, der Retinologischen Gesellschaft und des Berufsverbands der Augen ärzte Deutschlands zur Anti-VEGF-Therapie der Frühgeborenenretinopathie.
Stellungnahme der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft, der Retinologischen Gesellschaft und des Berufsverbands der Augenärzte Deutschlands zur Anti-VEGF-Therapie der Frühgeborenenretinopathie. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2020 Aug 26;: Authors: Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft e. V. (DOG), Retinologische Gesellschaft e. V. (RG), Berufsverband der Augenärzte Deutschlands e. V. (BVA) PMID: 32851618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 28, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Differential Diagnosis of Acquired Esotropia in the Elderly.
CONCLUSIONS: The kind of onset of the double vision, the quality of the saccades, the incomitance pattern and the ability to abduct are important parameters for the etiological assignment of an esotropia in the elderly. The characteristics of the individual diagnoses are described and differential diagnostic aspects are discussed. PMID: 32818999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 23, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Evolving Consensus of International Uveitis Study Group, Intraocular Inflammation Society, and Foster Ocular Inflammation Society with Uveitis in the Time of COVID-19 Infection].
Authors: Zierhut M, de MDS, Gupta V, Pavesio C, Nguyen QD, Chee SP, Agarwal R Abstract This document summarizes the experience of the International Uveitis Study Group (IUSG), the Intraocular Inflammation Society (IOIS) and the Foster Ocular Inflammation Society (FOIS) and can aid as a guide for the treatment of uveitis patients in the era of COVID-19 pandemic. PMID: 32797464 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 18, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[IOL Calculation Has Improved, But Also Has Become More Complex].
Authors: Kohnen T PMID: 32797469 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 18, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Current Review: Multifocal Intraocular Lenses and Extended Depth of Focus Intraocular Lenses].
Authors: Breyer DRH, Beckers L, Ax T, Kaymak H, Klabe K, Kretz FTA Abstract Presbyopia and cataract patients' wish to be increasingly independent of spectacles after surgery and this is one of the main drivers for the development of multifocal intraocular lenses (MIOL) and extended depth of focus (EDOF) intraocular lenses (IOL). As education, biometry, diagnostics, surgical techniques, and MIOL/EDOF IOL designs have improved over the past decade, an increasing number of cataract surgeons have become cataract refractive surgeons to help address this need. There is not one single MIOL/EDOF IOL, however, that suits al...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 18, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Tumors and Pseudotumors of the Retina and the Ciliary Epithelium].
Authors: Biewald E, Schlüter S, Kiefer T, Dalbah S, Bornfeld N, Bechrakis NE Abstract The variety of retinal tumors ranges from harmless lesions to benign, locally destructive tumors and life-threatening diseases, and they are not always easy to distinguish from each other. The differential diagnosis includes real neoplasia, reactive inflammatory pathologies and vascular anomalies of the fundus as well. If possible, the diagnosis should be made clinically in order to avoid the danger of tumor cell spread via invasive diagnostic tools. Nevertheless, genetic analysis of the pathology is gaining more importance a...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 13, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Medical Management of Glaucoma].
Authors: Emrani E Abstract Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in Germany and in the world. Due to the multifactorial genesis of the disease, there are multiple therapeutic approaches for preventing its progression. The goal of the commonly used topical glaucoma medication is to reduce the intraocular pressure and therefore prevent further damage to the optic nerve. There are different medications of various pharmacological classes that are intended to reduce intraocular pressure, namely, β-adrenergic antagonists, adrenergic agonists, parasympathomimetic agents, prostaglandin analogues, car...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 13, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[The Management of Vitreous Opacities].
This article gives an overview of this problem. PMID: 32777831 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 13, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Diagnosis and Therapy of Benign and Malignant Tumors of the Conjunctiva].
Authors: Westekemper H, Manthey A, Bechrakis N Abstract The aim of this paper is to give an overview of different benign and malignant epibulbar tumors. Categories can be made of the age of manifestation (paediatric tumors versus tumors of adults), the originating cell types (squamous cell tumors, melanocytic tumors, lymphomas or germ cell tumors) or genesis (proliferative, infectious or degenerating tumors). Most epibulbar tumors show lesions on the conjunctiva or the cornea. These can be flesh coloured or pigmented efflorescences with leucoplakias or hyperkeratosis. Especially malignant tumors show atypical growt...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - August 13, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research