[New Developments in Cataract Surgery].
Authors: Dick HB, Schultz T Abstract Recent technological innovations in cataract surgery have made the procedure even more precise and safe and the odds of having a highly satisfied patient even higher. These innovations include visualisation systems - such as intraoperative aberrometry - which are particularly helpful when it comes to implanting toric IOLs, where even a slight rotation or misalignment can significantly reduce the postoperative visual quality. Another way to ensure the exact positioning of a toric IOL is to create a mark by making an intrastromal incision using the femtosecond laser. The latter te...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Current Status of Electronic "Continuous" Eye Pressure Measurements].
[Current Status of Electronic "Continuous" Eye Pressure Measurements]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2017 Jan 13;: Authors: Faschinger C Abstract Intraocular pressure (IOP) is generally measured at individual points and usually only once, but rarely more often, during office hours and with various different instruments. This is probably inadequate for diagnosis, assessment of progression, and therapeutic decision making, since the IOP is not a static measurement, but rather one that is subject to greater or lesser fluctuations over shorter or longer periods. This has prompted the desire for more re...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Buckling Surgery: Old Fashioned or Cutting Edge?]
Authors: Feltgen N, Hoerauf H Abstract For many decades, scleral buckling surgery was the only reasonable surgical procedure in eyes with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. In recent years, primary vitrectomy has apparently become the treatment of choice, although evidence from comparative clinical trials is missing. In this article, data from clinical trials and indications for buckling surgery are presented. PMID: 28086252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Vision Loss after Silicone Oil Surgery].
In this report, we provide a general overview of unexplained visual loss after surgery with silicone oil. The frequency of such reports has increased continuously in recent years. The German Retina Society - supported by Retinanet (http://retina-net.uni-koeln.de) - has initiated data collection to gather information about such cases, in cooperation with Cologne University Eye Hospital. Ophthalmologists can provide data about cases of unexplained visual loss anonymously via the "Cologne Clinical Trials Centre" or via augenklinik-silikonoel@uk-koeln.de. PMID: 28086253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Music and Glaucoma].
Authors: Plange N Abstract Music may have multiple influences on the human organism. A possible therapeutic effect for patients with glaucoma has been postulated, aside from the known impact of music on the cardiovascular system, psychogenic effects and a short-term improvement in mental performance (Mozart effect). The higher level of mental stress in patients with glaucoma and type-A personality behaviour may be related to higher intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma. Relaxing music may have a positive impact in these patients, related to a reduction in intraocular pressure or its fluctuations. However, ...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Patient Positioning after Intraocular Surgery].
Authors: Prahs PM, Märker D, Helbig H Abstract Gas tamponades are widely used during intraocular surgery. The high surface tension at the intraocular liquid to gas interface is used in retinal detachment and macular surgery, as well as in lamellar corneal transplant surgery. The patient's postoperative posture determines the position of the gas bubble inside the eye. The article describes the development, physical laws and methods for postoperative positioning after intraocular surgery. PMID: 28086255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Glaucoma Drainage Devices: Tube versus Trabeculectomy Study].
Authors: Rosentreter A, Strzalkowski P, Bula AM, Alnawaiseh M Abstract While trabeculectomy with mitomycin C has previously been the gold standard in penetrating glaucoma surgery, glaucoma drainage implants used early within glaucoma surgery were examined in the course of the tube versus trabeculectomy (TVT) study. Glaucoma drainage implants are now being used earlier, as materials are tissue-compatible and surgery has been improved. While in the past, the use of such implants was often carried out after multiple preoperations, implants are now being used at an earlier stage. Glaucoma drainage implants are typicall...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Sport and Glaucoma].
Authors: Rüfer F Abstract Traumatic changes in the iridocorneal angle, e.g. in ball sports, can lead to secondary glaucoma. High intensity resistance exercise or yoga exercises - such as the headstand - can increase IOP, and deterioration in the visual field and acute narrow angle glaucoma attacks have been described in some case reports. Glaucoma therapy of professional athletes with steroids, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and beta-blockers can result in positive doping tests. In manifest glaucoma, moderate aerobic exercise is presumably of use because of the IOP lowering effect, improved retinal perfusion an...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Gonioscopy - How, Why, What for?]
Conclusion Gonioscopy can provide additional information otherwise missed by slit lamp examination or ophthalmoscopy alone. Up to now, no (semi-)automatic devices have been developed which could completely replace gonioscopy. Therefore gonioscopy remains an important part of a complete ophthalmological examination and should be learned, mastered and performed regularly by every ophthalmologist. PMID: 28086258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - January 16, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[History of Aniridia].
Authors: Rohrbach JM PMID: 27975340 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Refractive Lenticule Implantation for Correction of Ametropia: Case Reports and Literature Review.
Authors: Lazaridis A, Messerschmidt-Roth A, Sekundo W, Schulze S Abstract The ReLEx® technique allows correction of refractive errors through the creation and extraction of refractive stromal lenticules. Contrary to excimer laser corneal refractive procedures, where the stromal tissue is photoablated, the extracted lenticules obtained with ReLEx® can be preserved. Recent studies and case reports have described autologous re-implantation and allogeneic implantation of refractive lenticules into femtosecond-laser created stromal pockets in order to reverse the refractive outcome of a myopic corneal refractive...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Ophthalmological Monitoring of Diabetic Neuropathy in a Mouse Model].
Authors: Baltrusch S Abstract Patients with diabetes mellitus suffer from late damage, including microvascular and macrovascular complications and diabetic polyneuropathy, even though blood glucose is well controlled and the HbA1c value normalised. Peripheral nerves are affected, and when these are damaged, this can result in disturbed sensation and pain. Such nerves are mainly Aδ und C fibres, which are present in the skin, but also in the subbasal nerve plexus of the cornea. Imaging of the subbasal nerve plexus using microscopic techniques allows a very early and objective view of neuropathy, which is only ...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Phenomenology and Clinical Relevance of the Flammer Syndrome].
Authors: Konieczka K, Flammer J Abstract The Flammer syndrome (FS) describes the phenotype of people with a predisposition for an altered reaction of the blood vessels to stimuli like coldness, emotional stress or high altitude. Frequent symptoms are: cold hands and/or feet, low blood pressure, prolonged sleep onset time, reduced feeling of thirst, increased sensitivity to odour, pain, vibration and certain drugs. SF subjects are often ambitious and successful but also perfectionistic and sometimes brooding. Frequent signs are: altered gene expression, prolonged blood flow cessation in nailfold capillaroscopy after...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Do We Still Need Electrophysiology in Ophthalmology?]
Authors: Tegetmeyer H Abstract Electrophysiological methods in clinical ophthalmology include the full-field electroretinogram (ERG) for assessment of outer and middle retinal layers, pattern ERG (PERG) for assessment of ganglion cell function, the electrooculogram (EOG) for assessment of retinal pigment epithelium function, as well as visual evoked potentials (VEP) for assessment of the visual pathway, including the optic nerve and visual cortex. Multifocal recording techniques for ERG and VEP are used for tests within selected areas of the visual field. Technical progress in ocular imaging, especially optical coh...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Magnetic Resonance Microscopy of the Accommodative Apparatus].
This article correlates MRM of the anterior eye segment and the accommodative apparatus at 9.4 Tesla with conventional histology. PMID: 27984837 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Imaging Blood Flow and Pulsation of Retinal Vessels with Full-Field Swept-Source OCT].
Authors: Spahr H, Hillmann D, Hain C, Pfäffle C, Sudkamp H, Franke G, Koch P, Hüttmann G Abstract Optical coherence tomography (OCT) uses interference to image the retina with high axial resolution. In the last 25 years, new technologies have permitted a steady increase in imaging speed, which made it possible to enlarge the imaged field and to avoid motion artefacts. The speed and precision of retinal imaging is now limited by photodamage of the retina caused by the focused OCT beam and by the speed of the scanning mechanics. Full-field swept-source (FF-SS)-OCT decreases irradiance on the retina and disp...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Influence of Macular Hole Width on Visual Acuity, Endotamponade and Closure Rate].
Conclusion: Determining the width of a macular hole with SD-OCT is an important indicator for the necessary endotamponade. Using a lower gas concentration (15 %) for smaller holes (≤ 400 µm) to prevent postoperative IOP fluctuations does not negatively influence closure rates. PMID: 27984839 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Switching the Treatment Regime from PRN (pro re nata, as needed) to T & E (Treat and Extend) for Intravitreal Therapy with Anti-VEGF Agents in Private Practice or Small Institutions].
This article provides "best practice" recommendations for private practice or smaller institutions for the change from PRN to T&E. The requirements are organisational adjustments, staff training, definition of the scenario triggering the switch (A - functional or anatomical deterioration; B - general switch at a predefined date), counselling of the patients, defining benchmarks for the follow-up of the switch and preparing for higher capacity utilisation during the transition (shorter treatment intervals during the switching phase). Guidance is provided for each phase (a, preparation; b, transition; and c, fo...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 14, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Outcome of a Severe Blunt Trauma after SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction).
Authors: Kostin O, Rebrikov S, Ovchinnikov A, Stepanov A, Takhchidi K PMID: 27936473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 11, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Three Years Follow-up Study after Refractive Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) Using 500  kHz Femtosecond Laser in "Fast Mode"].
Conclusion: ReLEx SMILE shows remarkable stability over the entire range of myopias after 3 years, however primary undercorrection occurs predominantly in eyes of - 6.0 D, which necessitates nomogram adjustment. PMID: 27936474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 11, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Jewish Participants and Contributions to the Conferences of the German Ophthalmological Society during National Socialism].
Authors: Rohrbach JM PMID: 27936475 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - December 11, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Graves' Orbitopathy].
Authors: Eckstein A, Esser J, Mattheis S, Berchner-Pfannschmidt U PMID: 27871109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Understanding OCT - Part 2: State of the Practice].
Authors: Horstmann J, Siebelmann S, Schulz-Hildebrandt H, Glasunow I, Schadschneider A, Hüttmann G PMID: 27871110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Understanding OCT - Part 1: Basic Knowledge].
Authors: Horstmann J, Siebelmann S, Schulz-Hildebrandt H, Glasunow I, Schadschneider A, Hüttmann G PMID: 27871111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

["Hot Topic"].
["Hot Topic"]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2016 Nov;233(11):1211-1212 Authors: Lang GK PMID: 27855444 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Retinal and Cortical Activation by Electrical Stimulation with Retina Implants].
This article looks at both the physiological and biophysical fundamentals of electrical retinal stimulation, as well as the resulting retinal and cortical activation. PMID: 27855445 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Technological Set-up of Epiretinal Implants].
This article presents the basic technological principles of retinal prostheses, using an epiretinal implantable visual prosthesis as example. An implantable visual prosthesis typically consists of extraocular and intraocular sections. The extraocular section is responsible for detecting the image. The information is derived from this image that is needed for appropriate electrical stimulation of the retinal nerve cells. Together with the necessary energy, these data are transmitted through a magnetic connection to the intraocular section. To ensure reliable transmission, the data are encoded. After transmission, energy and...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[The Subretinal Implant - Clinical Results].
Authors: Sachs HG Abstract Since the end of the last century, subretinal electronic chips have been used to restore vision in patients blinded by degenerative retinal diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa. Various procedures have been suggested by different international scientific groups. The promising were the retinal-based concepts, for which there are now human data. The two distinct retina-based concepts not only differ in the site of stimulation (epi- or subretinal), but in their physiological concept. Whereas in camera-based systems (epiretinal, transchoroidal), eye movements cannot be used to detect objects...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Subjective Refractometry].
Authors: Buser A, von Livonius B PMID: 27855448 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 19, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Electrical Cataract after Electrical Injuries].
Authors: Khatib R, Koch KR, Heindl LM PMID: 27846647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Expulsive Intraoperative Bleeding in Intoxication with Fondaparinux].
Authors: Müller C, Bauch AS, Fabian H PMID: 27846648 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Impact of Different Percent Tissue Altered Values on Visual Outcome after Refractive Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (ReLEx SMILE)].
Authors: Breyer DR, Hagen P, Kaymak H, Klabe K, Auffarth GU, Kretz FT Abstract Purpose: To compare the visual outcomes after ReLEx SMILE treatment of eyes with low and high PTA values (PTA: percent tissue altered) within a follow-up period of up to 3 years and to assess whether a high PTA value might contribute to the development of keratectasia, as is the case for LASIK. Methods: This retrospective analysis comprises results from 313 eyes (189 patients) with a PTA value of less than 40 % and of 373 eyes (213 patients) with a PTA value of at least 40 %. Preoperatively and up to 3 years after SMILE surgery, refr...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - November 17, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Retinal OCT: Vitreoretinal Interface].
Authors: Mayer WJ, Haritoglou C Abstract The gold standard for the assessment of the vitreoretinal interface (VRI) is high resolution OCT. It is therefore essential to select the appropriate scan modalities to detect all morphological changes in different diseases, not only at the VRI, but also in all layers of the retina and in the foveal and parafoveal areas. These can be raster scans, radial scans or "en face" scans. Morphological changes at the VRI and especially in the outer retinal layers are good prognostic factors in high resolution OCT for the success of surgery for vitreomacular interface disord...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[E-PTFE Membrane for the Management of Perforated Corneal Ulcer].
Conclusion: Surgical management of perforated corneal ulcer using E-PTFE membrane may be the method of choice for eye preservation or for delayed corneal transplantation. Our results confirmed that the procedure is safe and effective, especially in high risk patients. After removing the membrane, penetrating keratoplasty can be performed as a definitive treatment in all eyes where an improvement in visual acuity is expected. PMID: 27385258 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Hereditary Macular Dystrophies].
Authors: Renner AB, Kellner U Abstract Hereditary macular dystrophies are part of the group of inherited retinopathies caused by mutations of specific genes. Challenging features are their rarity, enormous clinical and genetic heterogeneity, unspecific visual disturbances, and often only mild initial fundus changes. The onset of macular dystrophies may occur at any age. They manifest in the macular region, whereas fundus changes can reach the mid periphery as well. In some cases, macular dystrophy can progress into generalised retinal dystrophy, depending on the severity of the causative mutations. Funduscopy alone...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Attempted Suicide: One Bullet in Each Orbit?]
Authors: Enders C, Lang GK, Werner JU PMID: 27479575 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Ocular Lymphomas].
Authors: Kakkassery V, Wunderlich MI PMID: 27494680 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Laser-induced Maculopathy Caused by Strangers].
Conclusion: Severe retina injuries can be induced by laser pointers of higher classes. PMID: 27508885 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Indication and Results of the Anderson Procedure].
Conclusion: The AHT can be significantly reduced or completely corrected by the Anderson procedure. Recessions of at least 10 mm on both yoke muscles were performed. The success rates equaled success rates of augmented Kestenbaum surgery. Compared to the latter, the Anderson procedure is less invasive. It is followed by a shorter healing process. It is a vessel sparing method - an advantage for potential future surgery. PMID: 27508887 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Pediatric Ophthalmology and Eye Muscle Surgery].
Authors: Esser J PMID: 27764847 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Stellungnahme von DOG und BVA zum Einsatz der Bildanalyse des Sehnervenkopfes beim Glaukom.
Authors: Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft, München, Berufsverband der Augenärzte Deutschlands e. V., Düsseldorf PMID: 27764848 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Finite Element Modelling of the Eye for the Investigation of Accommodation].
Conclusion: The efficiency and the limitations of the finite element method are especially clear for accommodation. Application of the method requires extensive preparation, including acquisition of geometric and material data and experimental validation. However, a validated model can be used as a basis for parametric studies, by systematically varying material data and geometric dimensions. This allows systematic investigation of how essential input parameters influence the results. PMID: 27706535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 7, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Historical Development of the Wool and Colour Plate Tests for Screening for Colour Vision Deficiencies in German Speaking Countries].
Authors: Kuchenbecker J Abstract Colour vision is a complex visual function that can be affected by congenital and/or acquired disorders. The frequency of congenital colour vision deficiencies has been investigated in rail and navy staff since the 1870s. Various test methods have been developed. Wool tests, flor contrast tests and colour plate tests have been used. A published colour plate test, based on Stilling's pseudo-isochromatic plates in combination with a flor contrast test, has been a common screening method for colour vision testing in German-speaking countries. This test is intended to detect congenital ...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 7, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Safety of Hyaluronic Acid in Postoperative Treatment after Penetrating Keratoplasty].
Conclusion: Therapy with phosphate-free high molecular weight hyaluronate results in significant improvements in objective findings and subjective symptoms after penetrating keratoplasty. Tolerance was rated as "excellent" by the ophthalmologist in 92 % of patients in the early postoperative follow-up. PMID: 27711953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - October 7, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Clinical Results after Implantation of Epiretinal Visual Prostheses].
Authors: Schimitzek H, Roessler G, Walter P Abstract Epiretinal visual prostheses have already been implanted in blind retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients. Here we report on clinical experience with the Argus® II device and the EPIRET 3 device, on the basis of data from patients operated in Germany. Twenty-eight patients were implanted with the Argus II device and followed for up to three years. EPIRET 3 was implanted in six patients for a period of four weeks. With Argus II, an improvement in visual performance was achieved in the majority of cases, as demonstrated by improved localisation of a light spot and a...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 29, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Optic Nerve Head Diagnostics with Optical Coherence Tomography].
Conclusion: Optic nerve head examination using the OCT facilitates rapid diagnosis of infrequent and hard to distinguish pathological changes, as well as exact monitoring of chronic progressive diseases of the optic nerve. Correct application and evaluation of results gathered using OCT examination of the optic nerve head facilitates accurate diagnosis and correct decisions. PMID: 27676330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 29, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

Erratum: The Limits of Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty in Glaucoma Therapy.
Authors: Filev FS, Gesser C, Kromer R, Klemm M PMID: 27658228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 24, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[A New Way to Look Up. Solar Retinopathy Risks and Methods of Prevention Prior to the 2015 Solar Eclipse].
Conclusion: Since the solar eclipse of 2006, there has been an increase in the level of education available in the media. Although the safe methods for viewing an eclipse have not changed in recent years, emerging technologies, such as camera phones and the "selfie" trend, have potentially increased the risk of eclipse-associated retinopathy. PMID: 27643600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde)
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 20, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Prevalence of Elevated Lipoprotein (a) Levels in Patients <  60 Years of Age with Retinal Vein Occlusion].
[Prevalence of Elevated Lipoprotein (a) Levels in Patients
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 20, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research

[Experience with Introduction of SMILE: Learning Phase of our First 200 Treatments].
Conclusion: Our first SMILE treatments showed very good refractive predictability, very good safety and rapid visual recovery. Results after high myopic corrections were equivalent to or better than our first Femto-LASIK treatments. We had a much higher complication rate than with our LASIK treatments - that have been established over several years. All complications could be managed without loss of visual acuity. Visual recovery was faster and complications less frequent with experience gained. SMILE has replaced LASIK as our preferred treatment modality for the correction of myopic astigmatic eyes. PMID: 27643602 [Pu...
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - September 20, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research