Retinal Microvasculopathy Is Common in HIV/AIDS Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital, Ghana.
Conclusion. Lower CD4 counts and high viral load copies were associated with the manifestation of HIV related ocular disorders. PMID: 28127467 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Biocompatibility and Biomechanical Effect of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes Implanted in the Corneal Stroma: A Proof of Concept Investigation.
Authors: Vega-Estrada A, Silvestre-Albero J, Rodriguez AE, Rodriguez-Reinoso F, Gomez-Tejedor JA, Antolinos-Turpin CM, Bataille L, Alio JL Abstract Corneal ectatic disorders are characterized by a progressive weakening of the tissue due to biomechanical alterations of the corneal collagen fibers. Carbon nanostructures, mainly carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene, are nanomaterials that offer extraordinary mechanical properties and are used to increase the rigidity of different materials and biomolecules such as collagen fibers. We conducted an experimental investigation where New Zealand rabbits were treated with a...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 25, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Examining Delay Intervals in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma in an Egyptian Population and Its Impact on Lifestyle.
Conclusion. Significant delay in the diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma was found. Poor socioeconomic status seems to hinder timely diagnosis and treatment of POAG. Certain socioeconomic factors seem to correlate with the extent of delay. More effort is thus needed to subsidize the cost of investigations and treatment for glaucoma patients. PMID: 28116140 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 25, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Screening Retinopathy of Prematurity in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants in China and the Need for Earlier Screening Times.
Conclusion. ELBW infants have a higher incidence of ROP in China which highlights the need for optimizing neonatal care for these infants. In ELBW infants, ROP tends to develop more severely when it occurs earlier. It is necessary for ELBW infants, especially for those with a BW less than 800 g or a GA less than 25 weeks, to be initially screened at an earlier time. PMID: 28116141 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 25, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Postoperative Corneal and Surgically Induced Astigmatism following Superior Approach Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery in Patients with Preoperative Against-the-Rule Astigmatism.
Authors: Arthur E, Sadik AA, Kumah DB, Osae EA, Mireku FA, Asiedu FY, Ablordeppey RK Abstract The aim of the study was to report postoperative corneal and surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) in patients with preoperative against-the-rule (ATR) astigmatism who underwent superior approach manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS). 58 eyes of 58 cataract patients with preoperative ATR astigmatism were involved in this study. All patients had operable cataracts and underwent superior approach MSICS. Keratometric (K) readings were taken prior to surgery and at 12 weeks after surgery. Centroid values of SIA, preope...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 25, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of Monocular Treatment for Meibomian Gland Dysfunction with an Automated Thermodynamic System in Elderly Chinese Patients: A Contralateral Eye Study.
Conclusion. LipiFlow is an effective treatment for patients with MGD. Monocular treatment with LipiFlow may be a cost-effective treatment option to those afflicted with MGD in the developing world. PMID: 28116143 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 25, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Changes of the Macular Ganglion Cell-Inner Plexiform Layer Thickness after Cataract Surgery in Glaucoma Patients.
Authors: Roh HC, Park CY, Kim M Abstract Purpose. To investigate the effect of uneventful cataract surgery on macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (mGC-IPL) thickness in glaucoma patients. Methods. This retrospective study included 65 eyes of 65 subjects who underwent uneventful cataract surgery, including 13 glaucoma eyes and 52 normal eyes. Using spectral domain optical coherence tomography, the mGC-IPL thickness was measured and compared between glaucoma and normal eyes preoperatively as well as 1 month and 3 months postoperatively. Linear regression analysis was used to determine the factors associated w...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 21, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Vision Therapy on Accommodation in Myopic Chinese Children.
Authors: Ma MM, Scheiman M, Su C, Chen X Abstract Introduction. We evaluated the effectiveness of office-based accommodative/vergence therapy (OBAVT) with home reinforcement to improve accommodative function in myopic children with poor accommodative response. Methods. This was a prospective unmasked pilot study. 14 Chinese myopic children aged 8 to 12 years with at least 1 D of lag of accommodation were enrolled. All subjects received 12 weeks of 60-minute office-based accommodative/vergence therapy (OBAVT) with home reinforcement. Primary outcome measure was the change in monocular lag of accommodation fro...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 19, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effects of a New Eyelid Shampoo on Lid Hygiene and Eyelash Length in Patients with Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: A Comparative Open Study.
Conclusions. Maintaining eyelid hygiene using ESL improved the eyelid margins and symptoms of dry eye in MGD patients and increased eyelash length. These findings are promising and warrant confirmation in a larger randomized controlled study. PMID: 28078136 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 14, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Intraocular Methotrexate in the Treatment of Posterior Uveitis in Beh çet's Disease Patients Compared to Retrobulbar Steroids Injection.
Conclusion. No statistical differences were found between both treatment modalities; however, based on clinical observations, intravitreal MTX may ensure better control of inflammatory reaction and may encourage longer remission as compared to retrobulbar TAA in BD patients. PMID: 28070412 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 12, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Relationship between the Direction of Ophthalmic Artery Blood Flow and Ocular Microcirculation before and after Carotid Artery Stenting.
In this study, we used laser speckle flowgraphy to measure the ocular microcirculation in the optic nerve head before and after carotid artery stenting (CAS) of 40 advanced internal carotid stenosis lesions from 37 patients. The aim was to investigate the relationship between ocular microcirculation and the direction of ophthalmic artery blood flow obtained by angiography. We found that there was a significant increase in blood flow after CAS (P = 0.003). Peak systolic velocity as an indicator of the rate of stenosis was also significantly higher in the group with retrograde/undetected flow of the ophthalmic artery than in...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 12, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Combination of Intravitreal Injection of Ranibizumab and Photocoagulation for the Treatment of Aggressive Posterior Retinopathy of Prematurity with Vitreous Hemorrhage.
Authors: Xu Y, Kang X, Zhang Q, Huang Q, Lv J, Zhao P Abstract To investigate the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) combined with laser photocoagulation for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP) patients with vitreous hemorrhage, we conducted a retrospective observational case series study. A total of 37 eyes of 20 patients' medical records were reviewed. Patients first received IVR (0.25 mg/0.025 mL) and later photocoagulation. The mean postconceptual age of injection was 34.6 ± 1.4 weeks, and the mean follow-up period was 39.3 ± 8.3 weeks. During the follow-...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 12, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Refractive and Quality of Vision Outcomes with Toric IOL Implantation in Low Astigmatism.
Authors: Buscacio ES, Patrão LF, de Moraes HV Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the refractive and the quality of vision outcomes of toric IOL implantation in patients with low astigmatism. Design. Prospective study of single-arm. Methods. Patients with corneal astigmatism range from 0,75 D to 1,5 D and cataract that underwent cataract surgery with toric IOL. The measurements were performed preoperatively and 6 weeks after the surgery. Patients were evaluated for visual acuity with and without correction, contrast sensitivity, static and dynamic refraction, and quality of life questionnaire. Pre- a...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 12, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Outcomes of Infectious versus Sterile Perforated Corneal Ulcers after Therapeutic Penetrating Keratoplasty in the United States.
Authors: Rush SW, Rush RB Abstract Purpose. To compare the long-term outcomes of infectious versus sterile perforated corneal ulcers after therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty in the United States. Methods. The charts of 45 consecutive eyes that underwent primary therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty for a perforated corneal ulcer at a single center were retrospectively reviewed. The perforated ulcers were classified as infectious or sterile and the underlying demographics, clinical features, and 36-month outcomes were compared among the two groups. Results. Mean follow-up among subjects was 38.6 (±6.9) month...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 12, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Navigated Pattern Laser System versus Single-Spot Laser System for Postoperative 360-Degree Laser Retinopexy.
Conclusion. The navigated pattern approach allows improving the treatment time and pain in postoperative 360° LRP. Moreover, 360° pattern LRP is at least as effective in achieving the surgical goal as the conventional (slit-lamp or indirect ophthalmoscope) approaches with a single-spot laser. PMID: 28070417 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 12, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

An Automated Detection System for Microaneurysms That Is Effective across Different Racial Groups.
Authors: Saleh GM, Wawrzynski J, Caputo S, Peto T, Al Turk LI, Wang S, Hu Y, Da Cruz L, Smith P, Tang HL Abstract Patients without diabetic retinopathy (DR) represent a large proportion of the caseload seen by the DR screening service so reliable recognition of the absence of DR in digital fundus images (DFIs) is a prime focus of automated DR screening research. We investigate the use of a novel automated DR detection algorithm to assess retinal DFIs for absence of DR. A retrospective, masked, and controlled image-based study was undertaken. 17,850 DFIs of patients from six different countries were assessed for DR ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 12, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Cycloplegia on Keratometric and Biometric Parameters in Keratoconus.
Authors: Polat N, Gunduz A Abstract Purpose. To obtain information about effect of cycloplegia on keratometry and biometry in keratoconus. Methods. 48 keratoconus (Group 1) and 52 healthy subjects (Group 2) were included in the study. We measured the flat meridian of the anterior corneal surface (K1), steep meridian of the anterior corneal surface (K2), lens thickness (LT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and axial length (AL) using the Lenstar LS 900 before and after cycloplegia. Results. The median K1 in Group 1 was 45.64 D before and 45.42 D after cycloplegia, and the difference was statistically significant (P
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 8, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Anterior Chamber Angle Evaluation following Phakic Posterior Chamber Collamer Lens with CentraFLOW and Its Correlation with ICL Vault and Intraocular Pressure.
Conclusion. V4C ICL implantation resulted in decrease in AC angle width and increase in IOP, within acceptable physiological values at all time points. PMID: 28053776 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 7, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Retinal Vessel Diameters and Their Relationship with Cardiovascular Risk and All-Cause Mortality in the Inter99 Eye Study: A 15-Year Follow-Up.
Authors: Drobnjak D, Munch IC, Glümer C, Faerch K, Kessel L, Larsen M, Veiby NC Abstract Purpose. To describe associations between retinal vessel diameters and cardiovascular risk markers and mortality. Methods. The present study included 908 persons aged 30 to 60 years. Vessel diameters were expressed as central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) and central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE). Multiple linear regression analyses and Cox regression models were used. Results. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that narrower CRAE was associated with higher systolic blood pressure, age, and higher HDL ch...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 7, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Phenylephrine on the Accommodative System.
Authors: Esteve-Taboada JJ, Del Águila-Carrasco AJ, Bernal-Molina P, Ferrer-Blasco T, López-Gil N, Montés-Micó R Abstract Accommodation is controlled by the action of the ciliary muscle and mediated primarily by parasympathetic input through postganglionic fibers that originate from neurons in the ciliary and pterygopalatine ganglia. During accommodation the pupil constricts to increase the depth of focus of the eye and improve retinal image quality. Researchers have traditionally faced the challenge of measuring the accommodative properties of the eye through a small pupil and thus have...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 7, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Response to: Comment on "Choroidal Thickness in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Type Dementia".
Response to: Comment on "Choroidal Thickness in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Type Dementia". J Ophthalmol. 2016;2016:2898704 Authors: Bulut M, Yaman A, Erol MK, Kurtuluş F, Toslak D, Doğan B, Turgut Çoban D, Kaya E PMID: 28042477 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 5, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Applications of Scheimpflug Imaging in Glaucoma Management: Current and Potential Applications.
Authors: Nguyen AT, Liu T, Liu J Abstract Scheimpflug photography is the basis for a variety of imaging devices that are highly versatile. The applications of Scheimpflug imaging are wide in scope, spanning from evaluation of corneal ectasia to quantifying density in nuclear sclerotic cataracts. The potential uses for Scheimpflug-based devices are expanding and a number of them are relevant in glaucoma. In particular, they can provide three-dimensional image reconstruction of the anterior segment which includes assessment of the iridocorneal angle. Photographic analyses allow also for a noncontact method of estimat...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 5, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Differentiation between Good and Low-Responders to Intravitreal Ranibizumab for Macular Edema Secondary to Retinal Vein Occlusion.
Conclusion. Approximately 30% of patients showed low response to ranibizumab after the loading phase and after 1 year of treatment. Two-thirds of patients that were low-responders after the loading phase remained low-responders after 1 year. PMID: 28044102 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 5, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

To Study and Determine the Role of Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography and Ultrasound Biomicroscopy in Corneal and Conjunctival Tumors.
Conclusion. More comparative studies are needed to investigate which imaging technique is most suitable for a certain tumor type. PMID: 28050274 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 5, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Macular Hole Surgery with Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling Facilitated by Membrane-Blue ® versus Membrane-Blue-Dual®: A Retrospective Comparative Study.
Conclusions. In this study, MBD led to better visual results that may be related to better staining characteristics or lesser toxicity compared to MB. PMID: 28050275 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 5, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Altered Brain Glucose Consumption in Cogan's Syndrome.
Conclusions. This study revealed areas of significantly altered CMRglc in patients with CS (any subform) without neurologic complains and normal conventional neuroimaging. Our results suggest that FDG-PET/CT may represent a very useful tool for the global assessment of patients with Cogan's syndrome. PMID: 28050276 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 5, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Posterior Segment Intraocular Foreign Body: Extraction Surgical Techniques, Timing, and Indications for Vitrectomy.
Conclusion. The most important factor at the time to perform IOFB extraction is the experience of the surgeon. PMID: 28025619 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 29, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

A Novel CRYBB2 Stopgain Mutation Causing Congenital Autosomal Dominant Cataract in a Chinese Family.
This study aimed to identify gene mutations responsible for autosomal dominant congenital cataract (ADCC) in a Chinese family using next-generation sequencing technology. This family included eight unaffected and five affected individuals. After complete ophthalmic examinations, the blood samples of the proband and two available family members were collected. Then the whole exome sequencing was performed on the proband and Sanger sequencing was applied to validate the causal mutation in the two family members and control samples. After the whole exome sequencing data were filtered through a series of existing variation dat...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 29, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Inferior Oblique Weakening and Abnormal Head Position: Controlled Myotomy versus Recession.
Conclusion. Based on the results obtained and the fewer intrasurgical risks involved, thread Controlled Myotomy proved to be a valid alternative to Recession. Furthermore, in case of Recession, over the long period a small residual AHP remained in the patients who had orthophoria, unlike Myotomy which led to a total resolution. PMID: 28018670 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 28, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Accelerated Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking Using Topography-Guided UV-A Energy Emission: Preliminary Clinical and Morphological Outcomes.
Conclusions. Preliminary results show correspondence between the energy dose applied and the microstructural stromal changes induced by the cross-linking at various depths in different areas of treated cornea. One year after surgery a significant reduction in the topographic astigmatism and comatic aberration was detected. None of the patients developed significant complications. PMID: 28018671 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 28, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Acute Acquired Comitant Esotropia in Adults: Is It Neurologic or Not?
Conclusion. Acute onset esotropia may be seen without a neurological pathology in adults. Good motor and sensory outcomes can be achieved in these patients with AACE of undetermined etiology via surgical and nonsurgical methods. PMID: 28018672 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 28, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Timing and Outcomes of Vitreoretinal Surgery after Traumatic Retinal Detachment.
This article reviews the literature on the management of retinal detachments associated with ocular trauma from the years 2006 to 2016. Particular focus was placed on the timing of surgery, concomitant open globe injury, anatomical success rates, visual acuity, and complication rates. In this review, anatomical success was not significantly related to timing of intervention when compared between early and delayed intervention in eyes with and without concomitant open globe injuries. Visual acuities postoperatively varied widely despite timing of intervention due to the large variation in mechanism and extent of ocular inju...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Ultrasound Microbubbles Enhance the Neuroprotective Effect of Mouse Nerve Growth Factor on Intraocular Hypertension-Induced Neuroretina Damage in Rabbits.
Authors: Shen X, Huang L, Ma D, Zhao J, Xie Y, Li Q, Zeng A, Zeng K, Tian R, Wang T, Chen S Abstract Ultrasound microbubble combined optic protection drugs have obvious protective effect on optic nerve damage. This way of targeting drug delivery is becoming more simple, not through the whole body metabolism, avoiding drug via blood circulation when facing the decomposition and the environment in the interference and destruction process of drugs, to maximize the guarantee to reach target organs of drug concentration and to reache the maximum therapeutic effect. The technique of ultrasound microbubbles is safe, contr...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Preservation of Preloaded DMEK Lenticules in Dextran and Non-Dextran-Based Organ Culture Medium.
Conclusions. Dextran may play an important role in preserving the endothelial cells before and after stripping for trifolded (endothelium-in) preloaded DMEK lenticules. PMID: 27994884 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Agreement between Gonioscopic Examination and Swept Source Fourier Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging.
Conclusions. Both gonioscopy and FD ASOCT examiners were internally consistent with similar interobserver and intervisit agreements for angle classification. Agreement between instruments was fair to good, with FD ASOCT classifying more angles as narrow than gonioscopy. PMID: 27990300 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 20, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Retinal Fibre Layer Thickness Measurement in Normal Paediatric Population in Sweden Using Optical Coherence Tomography.
Authors: Ayala M, Ntoula E Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the correlation between peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness and both age and refraction error in healthy children using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Patients and Methods. 80 healthy children with a mean age of 9.1 years (range 3.8 to 16.7 years) undergoing routine ocular examination at the orthoptic section of the Ophthalmology Department were recruited for this cross-sectional study. After applying cycloplegia, the peripapillary RNFL thickness was measured in both eyes using the Topcon 3D OCT 2000 device. Results. 138 eyes were in...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Adjunct Intravitreous Triamcinolone Acetonide in the Treatment of Diabetic Macular Edema with Anti-VEGF Agents.
Conclusions. IVT-TA results in no additional benefit in eyes treated with anti-VEGF agents for DME. PMID: 27980863 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Elevated Plasma Endothelin-1 Levels in Normal Tension Glaucoma and Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: A Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions. The observation that NTG and POAG subjects showed significantly elevated endothelin-1 plasma concentrations suggests that a higher plasma level of endothelin-1 might increase the risk of NTG and POAG development. PMID: 27965889 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 16, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effects of V4c-ICL Implantation on Myopic Patients' Vision-Related Daily Activities.
Authors: Liu T, Linghu S, Pan L, Shi R Abstract The new type implantable Collamer lens with a central hole (V4c-ICL) is widely used to treat myopia. However, halos occur in some patients after surgery. The aim is to evaluate the effect of V4c-ICL implantation on vision-related daily activities. This retrospective study included 42 patients. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), endothelial cell density (ECD), and vault were recorded and vision-related daily activities were evaluated at 3 months after operation. The average spherical equivalent was -0.12 &...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 16, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Outcome of Endoscopic Transethmosphenoid Optic Canal Decompression for Indirect Traumatic Optic Neuropathy with No-Light-Perception.
Conclusion. For patients suffering from ITON with NLP, time to medical treatment within 3 days is an influential factor for visual prognosis. Optic nerve atrophy is an important predictor for visual prognosis. Treatment should still be recommended even for cases of delayed presentation to hospital. PMID: 27965891 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 16, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Risk Factors and Symptoms of Meibomian Gland Loss in a Healthy Population.
Conclusion. Our findings extend current knowledge on the pathophysiology of MGL. PMID: 27965892 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 16, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Comparison of the Optical Quality between Small Incision Lenticule Extraction and Femtosecond Laser LASIK.
Authors: Jin Y, Wang Y, Xu L, Zuo T, Li H, Dou R, Zhang J Abstract Purpose. To investigate the visual quality after SMILE and Femto-LASIK. Methods. About 123 eyes from 63 patients were enrolled in this study. The parameters were measured preoperatively and 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively using Sirius System. Results. The MTF curve increase slightly from low to high frequency at 3 mm and 6 mm pupil diameter after SMILE surgery (P
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 15, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Medical Management of Glaucoma in the 21st Century from a Canadian Perspective.
This article provides an overview of recent developments and practice trends in the medical management of glaucoma in Canada. A discussion of the surgical management is beyond the scope of this paper. PMID: 27895937 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 30, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Diabetic Macular Ischemia Diagnosis: Comparison between Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Fluorescein Angiography.
Authors: Garcia JM, Lima TT, Louzada RN, Rassi AT, Isaac DL, Avila M Abstract Purpose. To compare fluorescein angiography (FA) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) with and without diabetic macular ischemia (DMI). Methods. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare area measurements and p values of
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 29, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Glaukos iStent inject ® Trabecular Micro-Bypass Implantation Associated with Cataract Surgery in Patients with Coexisting Cataract and Open-Angle Glaucoma or Ocular Hypertension: A Long-Term Study.
Glaukos iStent inject® Trabecular Micro-Bypass Implantation Associated with Cataract Surgery in Patients with Coexisting Cataract and Open-Angle Glaucoma or Ocular Hypertension: A Long-Term Study. J Ophthalmol. 2016;2016:1056573 Authors: Arriola-Villalobos P, Martinez-de-la-Casa JM, Diaz-Valle D, Morales-Fernandez L, Fernandez-Perez C, Garcia-Feijoo J Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of the iStent inject device (Glaukos Corporation, Laguna Hills, CA) combined with phacoemulsification in patients with coexistent cataract and open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension (...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 26, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of Peripapillary Nerve Fiber Layer after Dexamethasone Implantation (Ozurdex) in Branch Retinal Vein Occlusions.
Authors: Bulut MN, Özertürk Y, Çallı Ü, Akçay G, Kıvrak U, Bulut K Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thicknesses of patients treated with intravitreal Ozurdex implant due to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) related macular edema (ME). Methods. Thirty-three eyes of 33 patients treated with Ozurdex implant due to ME associated with BRVO were included in the study. Ophthalmic examinations including determination of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP), and central macular thickness (CMT) and peri...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 26, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Ocular Biocompatibility of Poly-N-Isopropylacrylamide (pNIPAM).
Conclusion. Intravitreal injections of pNIPAM were nontoxic in this animal study, and pNIPAM may be safe to be used as a bioadhesive in certain retinal diseases. PMID: 27882245 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 26, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Nonmydriatic Fundus Camera in Diabetic Retinopathy Screening: A Cost-Effective Study with Evaluation for Future Large-Scale Application.
Conclusions. Fundus images obtained with a nonmydriatic fundus camera could be considered an effective, cost-sparing, and feasible screening tool for the early detection of DR, preventing blindness as a result of diabetes. PMID: 27885337 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 26, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effects of Intravitreal Ranibizumab Injection on Chinese Patients with Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration: 5-Year Follow-Up Results.
Conclusion. Most of the patients can maintain visual acuity treated by ranibizumab in the first 3 years. After 5 years, some patients can still improve or maintain visual acuity. Fibrous scarring of the lesion is the main reason for a decrease in vision of wAMD patients. PMID: 27885338 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 26, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Method of Quantifying Size of Retinal Hemorrhages in Eyes with Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion Using 14-Square Grid: Interrater and Intrarater Reliability.
Conclusions. Although our method is subjective, excellent interrater and intrarater reliabilities indicate that this method can be adapted for clinical use. PMID: 27867657 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research