The long-term financial and clinical impact of an electronic health record on an academic ophthalmology practice.
Conclusions. This study did not show a clear financial gain after EHR implementation in an academic ophthalmology practice. Ophthalmologists do not rely on drawings to document the ophthalmic exam; instead, the ophthalmic exam becomes text-driven in a paperless world. PMID: 25810920 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Twelve-Year Outcomes of Pterygium Excision with Conjunctival Autograft versus Intraoperative Mitomycin C in Double-Head Pterygium Surgery.
Conclusion. The use of conjunctival autograft has a significantly lower long-term recurrence rate than mitomycin C in double-head pterygium surgery. PMID: 25810921 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

First attempt to implement ophthalmia neonatorum prophylaxis in angola: microorganisms, efficacy, and obstacles.
Conclusions. Lack of maternal compliance prevented successful testing of prophylactic P-I efficacy in ON prevention. Nevertheless, we documented the prevalence and mother-to-child transmission rates for CT, NG, and MG. These results emphasize the need to develop an effective Angolan educational and prophylactic ON program. PMID: 25785190 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 20, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Clinical and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography findings of patients with incomplete visual recovery after anatomically successful retinal detachment surgery.
Authors: Tsilimbaris MK, Chalkia A, Tsika C, Anastasakis A, Kontadakis GA Abstract Purpose. To identify causes of incomplete visual recovery in patients with anatomically successful retinal detachment surgery. Methods. This was a retrospective study of 61 eyes of 61 patients with at least 12-month follow-up and complete preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative record. Postoperative visual acuity (VA) more than 0.18 logMAR was considered as incomplete visual recovery. Complete ophthalmic examination and Spectral-Domain OCT (SD-OCT) imaging were performed at last follow-up. Results. Twenty-nine eyes (47...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 20, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Age-Related Eye Diseases and Cataract Surgery among Older Adults in the City of Lodz, Poland.
Conclusions. The study revealed high prevalence of age-related eye diseases in this older population. PMID: 25789169 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 20, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The impact of migraine on posterior ocular structures.
This study included 76 eyes and patients in the migraine group, 36 with aura (MWA group) and 40 without (MWoA group), and 38 eyes as control subjects. The RNFL and macular thicknesses were analysed with standard OCT protocol while choroidal thickness was analysed with EDI protocol in all subjects. Choroidal thickness was measured at the fovea, 1500 µm nasal and 1500 µm temporal to the fovea in a horizontal section. Results. The mean RNFL thickness for nasal and nasal inferior sectors was significantly thinner (P ≤ 0.018) in the migraineurs' eyes than in those of the controls, as was the mean ch...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 17, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Polycystic ovary syndrome: aggressive or protective factor for the retina? Evaluation of macular thickness and retinal nerve fiber layers using high-definition optical coherence tomography.
Authors: de Souza-Júnior JE, Garcia CA, Soares EM, Maranhão TM, Lemos TM, Azevedo GD Abstract Objective. To compare macular thickness (MT) and retinal nerve fiber layers (RNFL) between women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and healthy women. Materials and Methods. The study included 45 women with PCOS and 47 ovulatory women undergoing clinical-gynecological and ophthalmic evaluations, including measurement of MT, RNFL, and optic disc parameters using optical coherence tomography. Results. The superior RNFL around the optic nerve was significantly thicker in PCOS than in healthy volunteers (P = 0...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 15, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Full-thickness retinochoroidal incision in the management of central retinal vein occlusion.
Conclusions. RCVA formation induced by retinochoroidal incisions could improve venous flow, and decrease CMT and retinal hemorrhage. However, only eyes with nonischemic CRVO showed visual improvement. PMID: 25734009 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 5, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The balanced two-string technique for sulcus intraocular lens implantation in the absence of capsular support.
Conclusion. The mechanically balanced two-string technique is an alternative option for sulcus IOL implantation in absence of capsular support, allowing lens centration adjustment with no additional risks. PMID: 25722884 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 2, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Acute effect of cigarette smoking on pupil size and ocular aberrations: a pre- and postsmoking study.
Conclusion. Our results indicate that pupil constricts after smoking. On the other hand, smoking does not alter ocular aberrations. PMID: 25699189 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 26, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Early results of slanted recession of the lateral rectus muscle for intermittent exotropia with convergence insufficiency.
Authors: Chun BY, Kang KM Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of slanted recession of the lateral rectus muscle for intermittent exotropia with convergence insufficiency. This prospective study included 31 patients who underwent slanted lateral rectus recession for intermittent exotropia with convergence insufficiency between June 2010 and June 2012. Following parameters were recorded and analyzed: patient sex, age, preoperative and postoperative near and distance ocular alignment, and changes in stereopsis. The mean age of the patients was 9.2 years. The preoperative mean deviation angle wa...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 21, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Alterations induced by bangerter filters on the visual field: a frequency doubling technology and standard automated perimetry study.
Authors: Schiavi C, Tassi F, Finzi A, Cellini M Abstract Purpose. To investigate the effects of Bangerter filters on the visual field in healthy and in amblyopic patients. Materials and Methods. Fifteen normal adults and fifteen anisometropic amblyopia patients were analysed with standard automated perimetry (SAP) and frequency doubling technology (FDT) at baseline and with filters 0.8 and 0.1. Results. With 0.1 filter in SAP there was an increase of MD compared with controls (-10.24 ± 1.09 dB) in either the amblyopic (-11.34 ± 2.06 dB; P
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 21, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

An Updated Meta-Analysis: Risk Conferred by Glutathione S-Transferases (GSTM1 and GSTT1) Polymorphisms to Age-Related Cataract.
Authors: Liao RF, Ye MJ, Liu CY, Ye DQ Abstract Purpose. To study the effects of glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) and T1 (GSTT1) polymorphisms on age-related cataract (ARC). Methods. After a systematic literature search, all relevant studies evaluating the association between GSTs polymorphisms and ARC were included. Results. Fifteen studies on GSTM1 and nine studies on GSTT1 were included in this meta-analysis. In the pooled analysis, a significant association between null genotype of GSTT1 and ARC was found (OR = 1.229, 95% CI = 1.057-1.429, and P = 0.007). In subgroup analysis, the association between cortic...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 21, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Corneal Transplantation Using Corneas from Foreign Donors versus Domestic Donors: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial.
Conclusions. Corneal transplantations using foreign donor corneas are as effective and safe as those using domestic donor corneas. PMID: 25694823 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 21, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Comparison of the changes in corneal endothelial cells after pars plana and anterior chamber ahmed valve implant.
Conclusions. Endothelial cell damage in the ppAGV group for refractory glaucoma appeared to be lower than that in the acAGV group. Therefore, pars plana implantation of AGV may be preferred as it may have lower level of endothelial cell damage while maintaining similar level of IOP control. PMID: 25694824 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 21, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Changes in Central Macular Thickness following Single Session Multispot Panretinal Photocoagulation.
Conclusions. Macular thickening occurs following single session, 20-millisecond, multispot PRP, with a corresponding, mild change in BCVA. However, the incidence of macular edema appears to be low in these patients. Single session, 20-millisecond, multispot PRP appears to be a safe treatment for patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. PMID: 25694825 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 21, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Intrastromal corneal ring segment implantation (keraring 355°) in patients with central keratoconus: 6-month follow-up.
Intrastromal corneal ring segment implantation (keraring 355°) in patients with central keratoconus: 6-month follow-up. J Ophthalmol. 2015;2015:916385 Authors: Jadidi K, Mosavi SA, Nejat F, Naderi M, Janani L, Serahati S Abstract We evaluate the efficacy and safety of Keraring 355° intrastromal corneal ring segment (ICRS) implantation aided by PocketMaker microkeratome for the correction of keratoconus. Patients underwent ICRS insertion using mechanical dissection with PocketMaker microkeratome and completed 6 months of follow-up. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle-corrected visua...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 18, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

A novel review of the evidence linking myopia and high intelligence.
Authors: Verma A, Verma A Abstract The association between myopia and high intelligence has been the subject of much vexed debate in academic circles, particularly over the last two decades. This debate has risen from the observation that, over recent centuries, the prevalence of myopia amongst most populations has coincided with a marked increase in the average level of intelligence in these populations. The relationship between myopia and intelligence and theories surrounding this association is examined by the authors. Additionally, the various factors that confound the myopia and high intelligence debate, such ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 8, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Systemic corticosteroids therapy in the management of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy.
Conclusion. Visual improvement was achieved in most cases of recent onset AZOOR after systemic steroid treatment. PMID: 25653869 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 8, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

A Comparison of Clinical Features between Community-Associated and Healthcare-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Keratitis.
Conclusion. In Taiwan, CA-MRSA rivals HA-MRSA as a critical cause of MRSA keratitis. Furthermore, CA-MRSA isolates are multidrug resistant. CA-MRSA and HA-MRSA keratitis are clinically indistinguishable, although larger studies are warranted to further evaluate this association. PMID: 25653870 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 8, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Indocyanine green assisted removal of orbital lacrimal duct cysts in children.
Conclusion. Intraoperative injection of ICG into orbital cysts in children can aid surgeons in identifying cyst borders following inadvertent rupture, allowing complete removal. PMID: 25642343 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 6, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Association between Glucose Levels and Intraocular Pressure: Pre- and Postprandial Analysis in Diabetic and Nondiabetic Patients.
Authors: Pimentel LG, Gracitelli CP, da Silva LS, Souza AK, Prata TS Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between glucose levels and intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuation in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Seventeen nondiabetic and 20 diabetic subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, capillary glucose testing, and applanation tonometry in two distinct situations: first, fasting for at least 8 hours and, second, postprandial measurements. Baseline glucose levels were higher in diabetic patients (P
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 6, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of corneal endothelium in adolescents with juvenile glaucoma.
Conclusions. Our findings indicate that JOAG and OH did not affect CCT, but JOAG has influence on ECD in adolescents. There were no significant differences between ECD and CCT of eyes treated with different kinds of antiglaucoma medications. PMID: 25642345 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 6, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of four genetic variants in han chinese subjects with high myopia.
Authors: Ye Z, Luo H, Gong B, Lin Y, Shuai P, Wang P, Ye C, Yang Z, Wang W, Shi Y Abstract High myopia is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. However, the exact etiology of high myopia remains unraveled despite numerous attempts of elucidation. Previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) has revealed that four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including rs2969180, rs1652333, rs9307551, and rs7837791, were associated with high myopia in Caucasians. The present study was conducted to investigate whether these genetic variants were associated with high myopia in Han Chinese. These four SNPs were ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 2, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Posterior pole sparing laser photocoagulation combined with intravitreal bevacizumab injection in posterior retinopathy of prematurity.
Conclusions. Posterior pole sparing laser with IVB can give favorable results without destruction of posterior pole retina. PMID: 25614828 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 27, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Predicting visual outcomes for macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with optical coherence tomography.
Authors: Suzuki N, Kunikata H, Aizawa N, Abe T, Nakazawa T Abstract Purpose. We evaluated the ability of novel optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters to predict postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) eyes. Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 56 consecutive eyes with macula-off RRD. Clinical findings were analyzed including the relationship between preoperative OCT findings and 6-month postoperative BCVA. Results. Six-month postoperative BCVA was significantly correlated with preoperative findings including retinal height at the fovea, t...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effects of misalignments in the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with spectral domain optical coherence tomography.
Conclusion. SD-OCT scans with superior MAs may present lower superior RNFLT measurements compared to aligned exams. PMID: 25574381 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Correlation of optic nerve microcirculation with papillomacular bundle structure in treatment naive normal tension glaucoma.
Conclusions. Our results suggest that T/N MT is a candidate biomarker of NTG. Furthermore, T/N MT reflects visual function, including acuity and sensitivity, and CPB structure. PMID: 25574382 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Erratum to "Epigenetic Modifications and Potential New Treatment Targets in Diabetic Retinopathy"
Erratum to "Epigenetic Modifications and Potential New Treatment Targets in Diabetic Retinopathy" J Ophthalmol. 2014;2014:836450 Authors: Perrone L, Matrone C, Singh LP Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/789120.]. PMID: 25579997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Measuring Visual Function Using the MultiQuity System: Comparison with an Established Device.
Conclusion. MiQ measurements exhibit strong agreement with corresponding Thomson measurements, and test-retest results are good for both devices. Agreement between the two devices is unaffected by age or ocular pathology. PMID: 25580278 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Factors associated with significant ocular injury in conservatively treated orbital fractures.
Authors: Layton CJ Abstract Purpose. To determine factors associated with the presence of significant ocular injury in subjects with orbital fractures. Subjects. A consecutive prospective cohort of 161 patients presenting to a general tertiary referral hospital with orbital fractures and undergoing initial conservative treatment was identified. Subjects were assessed at time of injury for the need for emergency surgery, and those initially treated conservatively were subsequently followed up by the Ophthalmology Department to assess for ocular injury requiring ophthalmic management at 1-7 days after injury. Associa...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Interocular Shift of Visual Attention Enhances Stereopsis and Visual Acuities of Anisometropic Amblyopes beyond the Critical Period of Visual Development: A Novel Approach.
We described a novel binocular approach, interocular shift of visual attention (ISVA), for treatment of amblyopia in adult patients. Methods. Visual stimuli were presented anaglyphically on a computer screen. A square target resembling Landolt C had 2 openings, one in red and one in cyan color. Through blue-red goggles, each eye could only see one of the two openings. The patient was required to report the location of the opening presented to the amblyopic eye. It started at an opening size of 800 sec of arc, went up and down in 160 sec of arc step, and stopped when reaching the 5th reversals. Ten patients wi...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Presence of Dry Eye in Patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis.
Conclusions. Patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis tend to develop dry eye more common than healthy subjects. Proptosis and lower free plasma thyroxine levels were found to be risk factors for the presence of dry eye. PMID: 25580281 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Association between Diabetic Retinopathy and Levels of Ischemia-Modified Albumin, Total Thiol, Total Antioxidant Capacity, and Total Oxidative Stress in Serum and Aqueous Humor.
Conclusion. IMA, total thiol, and TOS levels in the serum might be useful markers in monitoring the risk of DRP development. PMID: 25580282 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

A delphi study to detect deficiencies and propose actions in real life treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
Conclusion. The level of agreement with the final recommendations for nv-AMD treatment among Spanish retinal specialist was high indicating that some actions could be applied in order to reduce the deficiencies in real-life nv-AMD treatment. PMID: 25587438 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 16, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Analysis of Current Status and Strategies of Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening during 6 Years in Local Regions of China: Implication and Caution.
Conclusions. It is suggested that the standard of GA
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 4, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Macular findings obtained by spectral domain optical coherence tomography in retinopathy of prematurity.
Conclusions. High-quality SD OCT images can be obtained from premature infants using the iVue system. Severity and frequency of CME in premature infants increase as stage of ROP increases. PMID: 25544895 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 4, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Comparison of mycotic keratitis with nonmycotic keratitis: an epidemiological study.
Conclusion. Mycotic keratitis is more frequent in farmers, rural areas, outdoor water supply, insanitary sewage disposal, and patients preceded with organic trauma. Atypical clinical findings were found in some cases and not all cases improved with specific antifungal therapy. PMID: 25548657 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 4, 2015 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Interocular symmetry in macular choroidal thickness in children.
Conclusion. Choroidal thickness measurements in children as performed using SD-OCT revealed a high level of interobserver agreement and consistent interocular symmetry. Values correlated positively with spherical equivalent refraction. PMID: 25525509 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 23, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of corneal topography and biomechanical parameters after use of systemic isotretinoin in acne vulgaris.
Conclusion. Basal tear secretion and corneal morphologic properties were significantly influenced during the systemic isotretinoin treatment and the changes were reversible after discontinuation. No statistical important biomechanical differences were found to be induced by isotretinoin. PMID: 25525510 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 23, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Visual outcomes and patient satisfaction after refractive lens exchange with a single-piece diffractive multifocal intraocular lens.
Conclusions. RLE with the bifocal diffractive MIOL was safe in presbyopic patients and resulted in a high rate of spectacle independence. PMID: 25505974 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Vitreous hemorrhage in pediatric age group.
Conclusion. Trauma is the most common cause of VH in pediatric age group. In this group, initial visual acuity was the most important predictor for visual outcome, and the presence of retinal detachment is a negative predictor for final good visual outcome. The outcome is significantly worse in nontraumatic cases compared to traumatic cases. PMID: 25505975 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Intravitreal Aflibercept Outcomes in Patients with Persistent Macular Exudate Previously Treated with Bevacizumab and/or Ranibizumab for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
Conclusion. Central retinal thickness and total retinal fluid volume were reduced in ranibizumab and/or bevacizumab treatment resistant patients following three aflibercept injections. No appreciable change in visual acuity was noted. PMID: 25505976 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Analysis of femtosecond laser assisted capsulotomy cutting edges and manual capsulorhexis using environmental scanning electron microscopy.
Authors: Serrao S, Lombardo G, Desiderio G, Buratto L, Schiano-Lomoriello D, Pileri M, Lombardo M Abstract Purpose. To investigate the structure and irregularity of the capsulotomy cutting edges created by two femtosecond (FS) laser platforms in comparison with manual continuous circular capsulorhexis (CCC) using environmental scanning electron microscopy (eSEM). Methods. Ten anterior capsulotomies were obtained using two different FS laser cataract platforms (LenSx, n = 5, and Victus, n = 5). In addition, five manual CCC (n = 5) were obtained using a rhexis forceps. The specimens were imaged by eSEM (FEI Quanta 40...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect on intraocular pressure of switching from latanoprost and travoprost monotherapy to timolol fixed combinations in patients with normal-tension glaucoma.
Authors: Igarashi R, Togano T, Sakaue Y, Yoshino T, Ueda J, Fukuchi T Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) of switching from latanoprost and travoprost monotherapy to timolol fixed combinations in Japanese patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods. 27 NTG patients (54 eyes) were compared IOP, superficial punctuate keratitis (SPK) scores, and conjunctival injection scores in eyes treated with prostaglandin (PG) or PG analog/beta-blocker (PG/b) fixed-combination 6 months after the change in therapy. Results. The mean baseline intraocular pressure was 17.4 ± 1.59&thi...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Spectral domain optical coherence tomographic findings of bietti crystalline dystrophy.
Authors: Saatci AO, Doruk HC, Yaman A, Oner FH Abstract We analyzed the OCT features of 24 eyes of 12 patients with Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD) with the Heidelberg HRA2-OCT. Seventeen of 24 eyes were in intermediate stage of the disease and seven in advanced stage of the disease at the time of latest OCT examination performed in 2014. Outer retinal tubulations and retinal hyperreflective dots were present in 20 of 24 eyes. The remaining four eyes had advanced disease with very thin retina. Appearance of bright plaque on top of RPE-Bruch membrane was present in all eyes. Choroidal hyperreflective spots were n...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Socioeconomic barriers to rhegmatogenous detachment surgery in Brazil.
Conclusion. Educational programs about disease and measures to optimize the referral to specialized services are needed to accelerate the treatment of patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. PMID: 25506423 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 18, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

RHO Mutations (p.W126L and p.A346P) in Two Japanese Families with Autosomal Dominant Retinitis Pigmentosa.
Conclusions. Our findings demonstrated that the novel mutation (p.W126L) may be associated with the phenotype of sector RP. Identification of RHO mutations is a very useful tool for predicting disease severity and providing precise genetic counseling. PMID: 25485142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 12, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

A Comparison of Topical or Retrobulbar Anesthesia for 23-Gauge Posterior Vitrectomy.
Conclusion. Topical anesthesia in posterior vitrectomy procedures is an effective and safe method that is alternative to retrobulbar anesthesia. PMID: 25485143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 12, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Association between Dry Eye Disease and Physical Activity as well as Sedentary Behavior: Results from the Osaka Study.
Conclusions. Our findings suggest that a lower level of physical activity and sedentary behavior are associated with DED; however, longitudinal/intervention studies with large groups of participants are needed to validate these findings. PMID: 25485144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 12, 2014 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research