Comparison of Two Toric IOLs with Different Haptic Design: Optical Quality after 1 Year.
Authors: Miháltz K, Lasta M, Burgmüller M, Vécsei-Marlovits PV, Weingessel B Abstract Background: The purpose of this prospective, randomised study was to interocularly compare the visual performance after implantation of two different toric IOLs with different haptic design. Methods: 59 subjects with corneal astigmatism greater than 1.25 diopter (D) were implanted with an AT TORBI 709M IOL (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG) in one eye and with a Tecnis toric aspheric IOL (Abbot Medical Optics) in the other eye. Observation procedure was performed 12 months postoperatively. Main outcome measures include...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - April 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Modern Diagnostic Techniques for the Assessment of Ocular Blood Flow in Myopia: Current State of Knowledge.
Authors: Grudzińska E, Modrzejewska M Abstract Myopia is the most common refractive error and the subject of interest of various studies assessing ocular blood flow. Increasing refractive error and axial elongation of the eye result in the stretching and thinning of the scleral, choroid, and retinal tissues and the decrease in retinal vessel diameter, disturbing ocular blood flow. Local and systemic factors known to change ocular blood flow include glaucoma, medications and fluctuations in intraocular pressure, and metabolic parameters. Techniques and tools assessing ocular blood flow include, among others, laser ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - April 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Current Advances in Pharmacotherapy and Technology for Diabetic Retinopathy: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Lu L, Jiang Y, Jaganathan R, Hao Y Abstract Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is classically defined by its vascular lesions and damage in the neurons of the retina. The cellular and clinical elements of DR have many features of chronic inflammation. Understanding the individual cell-specific inflammatory changes in the retina may lead to novel therapeutic approaches to prevent vision loss. The systematic use of available pharmacotherapy has been reported as a useful adjunct tool to laser photocoagulation, a gold standard therapy for DR. Direct injections or intravitreal anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenesis agen...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Corneal Biomechanical Properties after FS-LASIK with Residual Bed Thickness Less Than 50% of the Original Corneal Thickness.
Conclusion: The elastic moduli of the cornea after FS-LASIK with ACC greater than 50% of the CCT do not become less under normal rabbit IOP. The limit stress grows with the rise of ACC when relaxation becomes stable. PMID: 29576876 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Hemodialysis on Eye Coats, Axial Length, and Ocular Perfusion Pressure in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure.
Authors: Wang L, Yin G, Yu Z, Chen N, Wang D Abstract Purpose: To investigate changes in eye coats, axial length, and ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) in hemodialysis (HD) patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Methods: We included HD patients who were diagnosed with CRF in our hospital from January to December 2015. Fifty-two patients met the inclusion criteria; all right eyes were used for observation. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were recorded to calculate OPP. Approximately 30 minutes before and after HD, we recorded multiple parameters, including lens thickness (LT), axial length of vitreous (...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Early Intervention and Nonpharmacological Therapy of Myopia in Young Adults.
Authors: Zorena K, Gładysiak A, Ślęzak D Abstract Myopia is a condition of the eye where parallel rays focus in front of, instead of on, the retina, which results in excessive refractive power of the cornea or the lens or eyeball elongation. Studies carried out in recent years show that the etiology of myopia is complex with genetic and environmental factors playing a role. Refraction defects decrease the quality of vision, while progressing myopia can lead to partial loss of vision, which can be particularly dramatic in young adults. Therefore, it is so crucial to take appropriate actions aimed at preventing my...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Balance of Th1/Th2 and LAP+Tregs/Th17 Cells Is Crucial for Graft Survival in Allogeneic Corneal Transplantation.
Conclusion: LAP+Tregs might be regarded as substitute for Foxp3+Tregs. The balance of Th1/Th2 and LAP+Tregs/Th17 is crucial for corneal allograft survival. PMID: 29576879 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Three-Year Outcomes of Cross-Linking PLUS (Combined Cross-Linking with Femtosecond Laser Intracorneal Ring Segments Implantation) for Management of Keratoconus.
Conclusion: CXL PLUS was proved to be a successful procedure to halt progression (mainly by CXL) and to correct the refractive status of the keratoconic eye (mainly by ICRS). CXL PLUS performed a synergistic action correcting and maintaining the correction of both myopic and astigmatic components of keratoconus. PMID: 29576880 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Combined Phacoemulsification and Goniosynechialysis under an Endoscope for Chronic Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma.
Authors: Nie L, Pan W, Fang A, Li Z, Qian Z, Fu L, Chan YK Abstract Purpose: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of combined phacoemulsification with goniosynechialysis (GSL) under an ophthalmic endoscope for chronic primary angle-closure glaucoma and coexisting cataract. Methods: This is a retrospective study. The intraocular pressure (IOP), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and number of glaucoma medications at baseline and each postoperative follow-up visit were recorded. Other measurements included supraciliochoroidal fluid measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography, corneal en...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Atropine Eye Drops on Choroidal Thinning Induced by Hyperopic Retinal Defocus.
Conclusions: Atropine abolished choroidal thinning induced by hyperopic defocus without changing baseline choroidal thickness. The results suggest that atropine inhibits signals associated with hyperopic defocus, for example, from lag of accommodation during near work. This trial is registered with ACTRN12617001519347. PMID: 29576882 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Comparison of Two Toric IOL Calculation Methods.
Conclusion: Consideration of only corneal front keratometric values for toric lens calculation may lead to postoperative undercorrection of astigmatism. The prediction of postoperative refractive outcome can be improved by using appropriate methods of adjustment in order to take PCA into account. PMID: 29545950 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 18, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Hemifacial Spasm on Intraocular Pressure Measurement.
Conclusions: Contractions in facial muscles may not lead to significant increase in IOP in HFS patients. This result may help clinical decision making in the treatment of glaucoma patients with HFS. This trial is registered with NCT03390803. PMID: 29545951 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 18, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Anatomical Retinal Changes after Photodynamic Therapy in Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy.
Authors: Ruiz-Del-Tiempo MP, Calvo P, Ferreras A, Leciñena J, Pablo L, Ruiz-Moreno O Abstract Purpose: To evaluate anatomical retinal changes measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), after applying photodynamic therapy (PDT) for treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 43 patients (48 eyes) with chronic CSC treated with PDT. Visual acuity (VA), central retinal thickness (CRT), outer nuclear layer (ONL) thickness, subretinal fluid (SRF), and photoreceptor ellipsoid zone (EZ) measured by SD-OCT were collected a...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 18, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Selective Retina Therapy with Real-Time Feedback-Controlled Dosimetry for Treating Acute Idiopathic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy in Korean Patients.
Authors: Kim YJ, Lee YG, Lee DW, Kim JH Abstract Purpose: To evaluate short-term treatment outcomes following selective retina therapy (SRT) with real-time feedback-controlled dosimetry in Korean patients with acute idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods: Sixteen eyes (16 patients) with acute idiopathic CSC (symptom duration 
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 18, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Visual and Refractive Outcomes following Bilateral Implantation of Extended Range of Vision Intraocular Lens with Micromonovision.
Conclusion: Bilateral ERV IOL implantation leads to excellent outcomes for far and intermediate vision, satisfactory outcomes for near vision, and good tolerance to micromonovision at the end of the 6 months. This trial is registered with CTRI/2015/10/006246. PMID: 29545954 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 18, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography to Distinguish Changes of Choroidal Neovascularization after Anti-VEGF Therapy: Monthly Loading Dose versus Pro Re Nata Regimen.
Conclusion: Treatment-naïve and treated eyes with CNV secondary to neovascular AMD respond differently to anti-VEGF therapy. This should be taken into account when using OCTA for CNV follow-up or planning therapeutic strategies. PMID: 29507810 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 8, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Prevalence and Related Factors for Myopia in School-Aged Children in Qingdao.
Authors: Sun JT, An M, Yan XB, Li GH, Wang DB Abstract Purpose: To investigate the prevalence and related factors for myopia in school-aged children in the Economic and Technological Development Zone of Qingdao, Eastern China. Methods: A total of 4890 (aged 10 to 15 years) students were initially enrolled in this study. 3753 (76.75%) students with completed refractive error and questionnaire data were analyzed. The children underwent a comprehensive eye examination. Multiple logistic regression models were applied to assess possible factors associated with myopia. Results: The prevalence of myopia increased...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - March 8, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Fitting Tips and Visual Rehabilitation of Irregular Cornea with a New Design of Corneoscleral Contact Lens: Objective and Subjective Evaluation.
Conclusion: Rose K2 XL lenses provide patients with irregular cornea with both quantitative and qualitative optimal visual function with high degree of patient comfort and satisfaction. PMID: 29484205 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Primary Outcomes of Accelerated Epithelium-Off Corneal Cross-Linking in Progressive Keratoconus in Children: A 1-Year Prospective Study.
This study included 47 eyes (25 patients), aged 9-14 years, with documented progressive keratoconus. After applying 0.1% riboflavin drops, ACXL was performed. Assessment included corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), corneal haze, and corneal densitometry in grayscale units (GSU). Result: The mean baseline and corneal densitometry peaked at 3 months post-ACXL while central and posterior densitometry showed a statistically significant increase (P
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 24, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Ocular Biometry in Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma Associated with Retinitis Pigmentosa.
Authors: Xu J, Ouyang Z, Yang Y, Cai X, Wang Z, Lin M, Zhang X, Liu X, Yu M Abstract Background: Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) comprises a group of inherited disorders in which patients typically lose night vision in adolescence and then lose peripheral vision in young adulthood before eventually losing central vision later in life. A retrospective case-control study was performed to evaluate differences in ocular biometric parameters in primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) patients with and without concomitant RP to determine whether a relationship exists between PACG and RP. Methods: We used ultrasound biomicros...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 24, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Nonsurgical Procedures for Keratoconus Management.
Conclusions: In the context of nonsurgical procedures, the use of contact lenses for the management of keratoconic patients represents a good alternative to restore vision and improve the quality of live in this population. PMID: 29430305 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 14, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Pattern of Contrast Sensitivity Changes in Acute Central Serous Chorioretinopathy.
Conclusion: The impaired CS gradually improved as the SRF reduced at all spatial frequencies. CS at 3 and 12 cpd continued to improve after complete fluid resolution. Despite an excellent final VA, the CS at 6 months did not regain its normal value. PMID: 29423320 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 11, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of Predictive Factors for Successful Intravitreal Dexamethasone in Pseudophakic Cystoid Macular Edema.
Authors: Kakkassery V, Schultz T, Wunderlich MI, Schargus M, Dick HB, Rehrmann J Abstract Purpose: To determine the efficacy, safety, and predictive outcome factors for intravitreal dexamethasone implant (DEX) in pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME). Methods: Retrospective, interventional, controlled study. Patients included had to have clinically significant PCME and have been treated with the DEX between 2012 and 2015. Charts and one-year data were selected consecutively, and efficacy and safety were abstracted. Visual acuity (VA) and central foveal thickness (CFT) were analysed. Results: Nineteen pa...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 9, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Distribution of the Photoreceptor Outer Segment Length in a Healthy Population.
Authors: Maden G, Cakir A, Icar D, Erden B, Bolukbasi S, Elcioglu M Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of age and sex on the photoreceptor outer segment (PROS) length in healthy eyes, using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: A total of 97 eyes of 97 healthy participants (spherical equivalent 
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 9, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Surgical Options for the Refractive Correction of Keratoconus: Myth or Reality.
Authors: Fernández-Vega-Cueto L, Romano V, Zaldivar R, Gordillo CH, Aiello F, Madrid-Costa D, Alfonso JF Abstract Keratoconus provides a decrease of quality of life to the patients who suffer from it. The treatment used as well as the method to correct the refractive error of these patients may influence on the impact of the disease on their quality of life. The purpose of this review is to describe the evidence about the conservative surgical treatment for keratoconus aiming to therapeutic and refractive effect. The visual rehabilitation for keratoconic corneas requires addressing three concerns: halting th...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 7, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Repetitive UVA Irradiation along with Riboflavin Treatment Increased the Strength of Sclera Collagen Cross-Linking.
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of minimally invasive repetitive UVA irradiation along with riboflavin treatment on sclera collagen cross-linking in rabbits. Method: Forty-eight healthy adult New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: pseudosurgery group (group I), single-irradiation group (group II), duplicate-irradiation group (group III), and triplicate-irradiation group (group IV), with 12 rabbits in each group. For the single-irradiation group, a specially made LED light source was inserted through a minimally invasive conjunctival incision to gain close contact with the sclera ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Comparison of the Surgical Outcome for the Full-Thickness Macular Hole with/without Lamellar Hole-Associated Epiretinal Proliferation.
Conclusion: The preoperative appearance of LHEP could be one of the prognostic factor for the treatment of FTMH. PMID: 29387485 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 3, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma Eye Drops for the Treatment of Post-LASIK Chronic Ocular Surface Syndrome.
Conclusion: Monotherapy with autologous E-PRP is a well-tolerated, safe, and effective treatment for the management of post-LASIK ocular surface syndrome. Precis: Monotherapy with autologous platelet-rich plasma eye drops has been shown to be an adequate option for the treatment of post-LASIK chronic ocular surface syndrome. This trial is registered with NCT03322917. PMID: 29379652 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Sensitivity, Specificity, and Limitations of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diagnosis of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy.
Conclusions: OCTA based on clear BVNs at the choroidal level increased sensitivity of diagnosis of PCV by 20%. However, the false-positive rate also increased in occult CNV. Several limitations for a correct diagnosis of PCV were noted. PMID: 29379653 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - February 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Comparison of Repeatability and Agreement between Swept-Source Optical Biometry and Dual-Scheimpflug Topography.
Authors: Jung S, Chin HS, Kim NR, Lee KW, Jung JW Abstract Purpose: To assess the repeatability and agreement of parameters obtained with two biometers and to compare the predictability. Methods: Biometry was performed on 101 eyes with cataract using the IOLMaster 700 and the Galilei G6. Three measurements were obtained per eye with each device, and repeatability was evaluated. The axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), keratometry (K), white-to-white (WTW) corneal diameter, central corneal thickness (CCT), and lens thickness (LT) were measured and postoperative predictability was compared. Result...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Psychological Distress in Patients with Symptomatic Vitreous Floaters.
Conclusions: Symptomatic vitreous floater patients showed substantial level of psychological distress, and the severity of floater symptoms was significantly associated with psychological distress. PMID: 29375909 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Optic Neuritis in the Older Chinese Population: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study.
This study aims to describe the clinical manifestations and outcomes in a cohort of older Chinese patients. Method: A retrospective study of patients aged ≥ 45 years who had a first episode of optic neuritis (ON) between May 2008 and November 2012. Clinical features at onset and last follow-up were analyzed within subgroups (age 45-65 years and age ≥ 65 years). Results: 76 patients (99 eyes) were included, of which 58% were females. The mean age at presentation was 55.53 ± 8.29 years (range: 45-83 years). Vision loss was severe at presentation, with initial bes...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Multimodality Imaging Assessment of Ocular Ischemic Syndrome.
Authors: Wang H, Wang Y, Li H Abstract Objectives: To assess the underlying mechanisms of OIS and confirm the haemodynamic and retinal structure changes of early OIS. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted of 60 internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis patients, and they were divided into OIS and control group. Colour doppler imaging, optical coherence tomography, and fundus fluorescein angiography were performed. Results: The middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis differs significantly between the two groups. More OIS patients had new collateral patency of posterior communicating artery...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Regulation of Reentrainment Function Is Dependent on a Certain Minimal Number of Intact Functional ipRGCs in rd Mice.
Conclusion: Our study indicates that the regulation of some NIF visual functions is dependent on a certain minimal number of intact functional ipRGCs. PMID: 29359039 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 25, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Glaucomatocyclitic Crises May Occur in Patients with Narrow or Closed Angles.
Conclusions: The coexistence of narrow or closed angles and a glaucomatocyclitic crisis is possible, especially in patients of Asian descent. In patients with shallow anterior chambers, a glaucomatocyclitic crisis may be a cause of acute glaucoma episodes. PMID: 29348928 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 21, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Influence of Environmental Factors on the Prevalence of Myopia in Poland.
Conclusions: The results of our study point to insufficiency of accommodation contributing to the pathogenesis of myopia. PMID: 29348929 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 21, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Analysis of Genetic Mutations in a Cohort of Hereditary Optic Neuropathy in Shanghai, China.
Conclusion: Leber hereditary optic neuropathy is the most common detected type of hereditary optic neuropathy in Shanghai, China. The detection of other autosomal mutations in hereditary optic neuropathy is limited by the currently available technique. PMID: 29348930 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 21, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Detection of Silent Type I Choroidal Neovascular Membrane in Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Using En Face Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.
Conclusion: Silent type 1 CNV is an established complication of chronic CSCR. SS-OCTA is indispensable in excluding CNV especially in high-risk patients and whenever FFA and SS-OCT are inconclusive. PMID: 29348931 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 21, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Long-Term Follow-Up in Children with Anisocoria: Cocaine Test Results and Patient Outcome.
We describe cocaine test results, outcome of systemic investigation, and long-term follow-up in children with anisocoria. Methods: Retrospective review of medical records and phone interview of consecutive pediatric patients (
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 21, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics and Surgical Procedures for Children with Congenital Membranous Cataract.
Conclusion: Ultrasound biomicroscopy was used successfully to classify congenital membranous cataracts prior to surgery. Anterior and posterior capsulorhexis was performed using Klöti RF capsulotomy tips, and capsulectomy was performed using a vitrectomy cutter. These were effective techniques and should be considered for congenital membranous cataract removal surgery. This trial is registered with registration number chiCTR-OOC-17010913. PMID: 29333290 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 17, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Effect of Perioperative Topical Ketorolac 0.5% on Macular Thickness after Uneventful Phacoemulsification.
Authors: Dal D, Sarac O, Toklu Y, Kocak Altintas AG, Cakmak HB, Damar Gungor E, Simsek S Abstract Background: To evaluate the effects of topical 0.5% ketorolac treatment combined with topical steroids on macular thickness in cases who had uneventful phacoemulsification surgery. Methods: 58 eyes of 58 consecutive cases were included. The mean foveal thickness (MFT), parafoveal thickness (ParaFT), and perifoveal thickness (PeriFT) measurements were performed with optical coherence tomography (RTVue-100, Optovue, Fremont, CA, USA) preoperatively and at postoperative 1 week, 1 month, and 2 months. All cases receive...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 17, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Applying Sutureless Encircling Number 41 Band and Transscleral Chandelier-Assisted Laser Retinopexy for Scleral Buckling Procedure.
Authors: Gomaa AR, Elbaha SM Abstract Purpose: To assess the outcome of sutureless encirlcing number 41 band and transscleral laser retinopexy in uncomplicated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), using a wide-angle viewing system (WAVS) and chandelier endoillumination. Methods: Prospective intervention study included 30 eyes of 30 patients presenting with RRD of recent onset indicated for SB. All cases were treated by sutureless encircling number 41 band and transscleral laser retinopexy. Visualization was provided by the Resight WAVS and a single 27-gauge chandelier endoillumination. Anatomical and visual...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 17, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Genotype-Phenotype Characterization of Novel Variants in Six Italian Patients with Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy".
Corrigendum to "Genotype-Phenotype Characterization of Novel Variants in Six Italian Patients with Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy". J Ophthalmol. 2017;2017:7969364 Authors: Iarossi G, Bertelli M, Maltese PE, Gusson E, Marchini G, Bruson A, Benedetti S, Volpetti S, Catena G, Buzzonetti L, Ziccardi L Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/3080245.]. PMID: 29333293 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 17, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Quantification of Macular Vascular Density Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Its Relationship with Retinal Thickness in Myopic Eyes of Young Adults.
Conclusions: Varying degrees of myopia did not affect macular vascular density in young healthy adults. In addition, superficial macular vascular density, as an independent factor, was positively correlated with mGCC thickness. PMID: 29318037 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 11, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Vision Improvement with Refractive Correction Does Not Completely Exclude Major Eye Diseases: Analyses of Visually Impaired South Korean Population in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2011.
Authors: Suh YW, Lee JS, Heo H, Park SH, Kim SH, Lim KH, Moon NJ, Lee SJ, Park SH, Baek SH Abstract Purpose: To investigate the association between vision improvement with refractive correction in the visually impaired eyes and the prevalence of ocular comorbidities in the South Korean population. Materials and Methods: The data of 24,620 individuals in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES 2009-2011) were reviewed. Visual impairment was defined as a presenting visual acuity 
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 11, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Surgical Outcomes of 27-Gauge Pars PLana Vitrectomy for Symptomatic Vitreous Floaters.
Authors: Lin Z, Zhang R, Liang QH, Lin K, Xiao YS, Moonasar N, Wu RH Abstract Purpose: To report the surgical outcomes of 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for symptomatic vitreous floaters. Methods: 47 eyes of 47 patients (39 males, 83.0%) with symptomatic vitreous floaters who underwent 27-gauge PPV and followed up for more than 6 months were included. The mean age was 34.7 ± 13.5 years. Results: No operative complication occurred. At first day postoperatively, the intraocular pressure (IOP) was significantly lower than that at other time points (8.6 ± 2.7 mmHg, p
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 11, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

In Vitro Aberrometric Assessment of a Multifocal Intraocular Lens and Two Extended Depth of Focus IOLs.
Conclusions: In an optical bench, the MW induces negative primary and positive secondary SA for all pupils. The SYM aberrations seem to be pupil dependent; it does not produce negative primary SA for 3 mm but increases for higher pupils. Meanwhile, the HOAs for the MW and SYM were not significant. The MP showed in all cases the highest HOAs. PMID: 29318040 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 11, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Seroprevalence against Rickettsia and Borrelia Species in Patients with Uveitis: A Prospective Survey.
Authors: Madsen KB, Wallménius K, Fridman Å, Påhlson C, Nilsson K Abstract Vector-borne diseases such as Lyme borreliosis and rickettsioses have been associated with ocular inflammation. Our aim was to study patients with diagnosed uveitis to evaluate serological signs of infection or exposure to these tick-borne agents. Forty-eight patients were prospectively examined with serology together with medical records and a questionnaire concerning previous exposure, diseases, and treatments. Seven patients (14.6%) showed seroconversion to Rickettsia spp. between acute and convalescent phase sera, whic...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - January 11, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Cap-Lenticule Diameter Difference on the Visual Outcome and Higher-Order Aberrations in SMILE: 0.4  mm versus 1.0 mm.
Effect of Cap-Lenticule Diameter Difference on the Visual Outcome and Higher-Order Aberrations in SMILE: 0.4 mm versus 1.0 mm. J Ophthalmol. 2017;2017:8259546 Authors: Torun Acar B, Acar S Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of cap-lenticule diameter difference (CLDD) on the visual outcome and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) of small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). Methods: A total of 132 patients who had bilateral SMILE for myopia or myopic astigmatism were included. The CLDD was 0.4 mm in 54 patients (group 1) and 1.0 mm in 78 patients (group 2). The refrac...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 23, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Relationship between the Direction of Ophthalmic Artery Blood Flow and Ocular Microcirculation before and after Carotid Artery Stenting".
Corrigendum to "Relationship between the Direction of Ophthalmic Artery Blood Flow and Ocular Microcirculation before and after Carotid Artery Stenting". J Ophthalmol. 2017;2017:7861491 Authors: Ishii M, Hayashi M, Yagi F, Sato K, Tomita G, Iwabuchi S Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/2530914.]. PMID: 29259825 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - December 22, 2017 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research