Man versus Machine: Software Training for Surgeons-An Objective Evaluation of Human and Computer-Based Training Tools for Cataract Surgical Performance.
This study aimed to address two queries: firstly, the relationship between two cataract surgical feedback tools for training, one human and one software based, and, secondly, evaluating microscope control during phacoemulsification using the software. Videos of surgeons with varying experience were enrolled and independently scored with the validated PhacoTrack motion capture software and the Objective Structured Assessment of Cataract Surgical Skill (OSACCS) human scoring tool. Microscope centration and path length travelled were also evaluated with the PhacoTrack software. Twenty-two videos correlated PhacoTrack motion c...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Ganglion Cell-Inner Plexiform Layer, Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer, and Macular Thickness in Eyes with Myopic β-Zone Parapapillary Atrophy.
Conclusions. The myopic β-PPA eyes showed thinner mGCIPL, parafovea, and partial pRNFL layers compared with myopic eyes without β-PPA. PMID: 27867659 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Corneal Aberrations, Contrast Sensitivity, and Light Distortion in Orthokeratology Patients: 1-Year Results.
Authors: Santolaria-Sanz E, Cerviño A, González-Méijome JM Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the corneal higher-order aberrations (HOA), contrast sensitivity function (CSF), and light distortion (LD) in patients undergoing orthokeratology (OK). Methods. Twenty healthy subjects (mean age: 21.40 ± 8 years) with mean spherical equivalent refractive error M = -2.19 ± 0.97 D were evaluated at 1 day, 1 month, and 1 year after starting OK treatment. Monocular LD, photopic monocular CSF, and corneal HOA for 6 mm pupil size were measured. Results. LD showed an increase after the ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of Contrast Sensitivity, Chromatic Vision, and Reading Ability in Patients with Primary Open Angle Glaucoma.
Authors: Bambo MP, Ferrandez B, Güerri N, Fuertes I, Cameo B, Polo V, Larrosa JM, Garcia-Martin E Abstract Purpose. To compare contrast sensitivity, acquired color vision deficiency, and reading ability in patients with glaucoma at different stages of the disease and to establish correlations between visual field parameters and visual function scores. Methods. This prospective cross-sectional study included 121 glaucoma patients. Subjects with a diagnosis of chronic open angle glaucoma were recruited and classified according to Hodapp-Parrish-Anderson criteria. Patients with severe visual field defects were ex...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Changes in Anterior Segment Morphology of Iris Bombe before and after Laser Peripheral Iridotomy in Patients with Uveitic Secondary Glaucoma.
Authors: Ikegawa W, Suzuki T, Namiguchi K, Mizoue S, Shiraishi A, Ohashi Y Abstract Purpose. To quantify changes in anterior segment (AS) parameters after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) using AS-optical coherence tomography (OCT) of iris bombe. Method. AS images of eight eyes were captured before and after iris bombe and more than 2 weeks after LPI (post-LPI) using AS-OCT. We compared the following AS parameters: anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV), iris curvature (IC), iris thickness at 500 μm from the scleral spur (IT-1) in the middle between the iris root and pupillary margin ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Relationship among Corneal Biomechanics, Anterior Segment Parameters, and Geometric Corneal Parameters.
Authors: Çevik SG, Kıvanç SA, Akova-Budak B, Tok-Çevik M Abstract Purpose. To investigate the relationship between corneal biomechanical parameters, anterior segment parameters, and geometric corneal parameters in a healthy Caucasian group. Methods. This retrospective study included the healthy eyes with best corrected visual acuity of at least 20/40 of 122 Caucasian subjects. The anterior segment parameters and geometric corneal parameters such as corneal volume, central corneal thickness, horizontal and vertical corneal radii, anterior and posterior steep, and flat keratometric values were m...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 18, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

An Experimental Study on Botulinum Toxin Type A for the Treatment of Excessive Secretion after Submandibular Gland Transplantation in Rabbits.
Conclusion. BTXA could effectively control excessive secretion after SMG transplantation in rabbits. PMID: 27840738 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 16, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Optical Coherence Tomography as a Biomarker for Diagnosis, Progression, and Prognosis of Neurodegenerative Diseases.
Authors: Satue M, Obis J, Rodrigo MJ, Otin S, Fuertes MI, Vilades E, Gracia H, Ara JR, Alarcia R, Polo V, Larrosa JM, Pablo LE, Garcia-Martin E Abstract Neurodegenerative diseases present a current challenge for accurate diagnosis and for providing precise prognostic information. Developing imaging biomarkers for multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson disease (PD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) will improve the clinical management of these patients and may be useful for monitoring treatment effectiveness. Recent research using optical coherence tomography (OCT) has demonstrated that parameters provided by this technolog...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 16, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Changing Clinical Presentation, Current Knowledge-Attitude-Practice, and Current Vision Related Quality of Life in Self-Reported Type 2 Diabetes Patients with Retinopathy in Eastern India: The LVPEI Eye and Diabetes Study.
Conclusion. Patients currently presenting at earlier stage of retinopathy are probably related to poor vision. Early detection and treatment of DR is likely to preserve and/or improve vision. PMID: 27843643 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 16, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Three-Dimensional Printed Personalized Moisture Chamber Spectacles on the Periocular Humidity.
Authors: Moon CH, Kim JY, Kim MJ, Tchah H, Lim BG, Chung JK Abstract Purpose. To assess the effect of three-dimensional (3D) printed personalized moisture chamber spectacles (PMCS) on the periocular humidity. Methods. Facial computed tomography (CT) scanning was conducted on 10 normal subjects. PMCS was designed based on volume rendered CT images and produced using a 3D printer. Periocular humidity of PMCS and commercially available uniformed moisture chamber spectacles (UMCS) were measured for 30 minutes via microhydrometer. Results. The mean ambient humidity was 15.76 ± 1.18%. The mean periocular humidity ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 16, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Visual, Musculoskeletal, and Balance Complaints in AMD: A Follow-Up Study.
Conclusions. Visual deterioration was a risk marker for increased visual, musculoskeletal, balance, and health complaints in AMD patients. Specifically, magnifying visual aids, such as CCTV, were a risk marker for increased complaints in AMD patients. This calls for early and coordinated actions to treat and prevent visual, musculoskeletal, balance, and health complaints in AMD patients. PMID: 27830084 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 12, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Response to: Comment on "Choroidal Thickness in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Type Dementia".
Response to: Comment on "Choroidal Thickness in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Type Dementia". J Ophthalmol. 2016;2016:5496356 Authors: Bulut M, Yaman A, Erol MK, Kurtuluş F, Toslak D, Doğan B, Çoban DT, Başar EK PMID: 27830085 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 12, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Active Pedicle Epithelial Flap Transposition Combined with Amniotic Membrane Transplantation for Treatment of Nonhealing Corneal Ulcers.
Conclusion. Active pedicle epithelial flap transposition combined with AMT is a simple and effective treatment for nonhealing corneal ulcers. PMID: 27830086 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 12, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

SMILE and Wavefront-Guided LASIK Out-Compete Other Refractive Surgeries in Ameliorating the Induction of High-Order Aberrations in Anterior Corneal Surface.
Authors: Ye MJ, Liu CY, Liao RF, Gu ZY, Zhao BY, Liao Y Abstract Purpose. To compare the change of anterior corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), wavefront-guided LASIK with iris registration (WF-LASIK), femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK), and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). Methods. In a prospective study, 82 eyes underwent LASIK, 119 eyes underwent WF-LASIK, 88 eyes underwent FS-LASIK, and 170 eyes underwent SMILE surgery. HOAs were measured with Pentacam device preoperatively and 6 months after surgery. The aberrations wer...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 9, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Autorefraction, Retinoscopy, Javal's Rule, and Grosvenor's Modified Javal's Rule: The Best Predictor of Refractive Astigmatism.
Authors: Asiedu K, Kyei S, Ampiah EE Abstract The aim of the study was to determine the level of agreement between Javal's rule, autorefraction, retinoscopy, and refractive astigmatism and to determine which technique is the most suitable substitute when subjective refraction is not applicable using a clinical sample. A total of 36 subjects, 14 males and 22 females, were involved in this study. The intraclass correlation coefficients between subjective refraction, autorefraction, and retinoscopy were 0.895 and 0.989, respectively, for the spherical equivalent. The Bland-Altman 95% limits of agreement between subjec...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 3, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Transient Increase of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness after Vitrectomy with ILM Peeling for Idiopathic Macular Hole.
Conclusions. The postoperative RNFL was thicker in all but the nasal-inferior sector for at least 12 M after surgery. This prolonged increase of the RNFL thickness may indicate damage and mild edema of the RNFL. PMID: 27803812 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 3, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Assessment of Anterior Segment Measurements with Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography before and after Ab Interno Trabeculotomy (Trabectome) Surgery.
Authors: Akil H, Huang P, Chopra V, Francis B Abstract Purpose. To compare the changes of anterior segment parameters, assessed by swept source anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) after combined Trabectome-cataract surgery and Trabectome-only surgery in open angle glaucoma patients. Methods. Thirty-eight eyes of 24 patients with open angle glaucoma were scanned with swept source AS-OCT before and 4 weeks after combined Trabectome-cataract or Trabectome-only surgery. Intraocular pressure, number of medications, and AS-OCT parameters, such as angle opening distance at 500 and 750 μm from ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Polar Value Analysis of Corneal Astigmatism in Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segment Implantation.
Conclusion. Intacs SK ICRS placement decreased the average corneal power and corneal astigmatism compared to the preoperative corneal power and astigmatism when the corneal pocket incision was made at the preoperative steep meridian. PMID: 27795856 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Anterior Segment Imaging in Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia.
Authors: Ong SS, Vora GK, Gupta PK Abstract Recent advances in anterior segment imaging have transformed the way ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) is diagnosed and monitored. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) has been reported to be useful primarily in the assessment of intraocular invasion and metastasis. In vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) shows enlarged and irregular nuclei with hyperreflective cells in OSSN lesions and this has been found to correlate with histopathology findings. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) demonstrates thickened hyperreflective epithelium with an abrupt transitio...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Epidemiological Features of Pediatric Ocular Trauma in Egypt.
Authors: Al Wadeai EA, Osman AA, Macky TA, Soliman MM Abstract Purpose. To review the epidemiology of serious pediatric ocular trauma presenting to Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University. Methods. Children with serious ocular trauma during a six-month period were examined and their data was analyzed. Results. Eighty eyes of 75 patients were included in this study, with 64% males (P 5 years, unsupervised, and involved in street activities. Immediate comprehensive primary management and secondary rehabilitation are mandatory in these cases. PMID: 27800177 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - November 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Fuchs' Heterochromic Iridocyclitis in an Italian Tertiary Referral Centre: Epidemiology, Clinical Features, and Prognosis.
Authors: Accorinti M, Spinucci G, Pirraglia MP, Bruschi S, Pesci FR, Iannetti L Abstract Purpose. To study epidemiology, clinical findings and visual prognosis of patients with Fuchs' Heterochromic Iridocyclitis (FHI). Methods. A retrospective analysis was performed on 158 patients with FHI. Thirty-five patients were observed only once; the remaining 123 had a mean follow-up of 30.7 months (50 of them had a mean follow-up of 63.5 months) and in those we assessed complications, medical and surgical treatment, and long-term visual prognosis. Results. Average age at uveitis diagnosis was 27.2 years and 18.3% of patien...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 28, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Timing of Pars Plana Vitrectomy in Management of Gunshot Perforating Eye Injury: Observational Study.
Authors: Ghoraba HH, Heikal MA, Mansour HO, Abdelfattah HM, Elgemai EM, Zaky AG Abstract The aim of this study is to report the difference in either anatomical or functional outcome of vitreoretinal intervention in cases of gunshot perforating eye injury if done 2-4 weeks or after the 4th week after the original trauma. Patients were treated with pars plana vitrectomy and silicon oil. Surgeries were performed in the period from February 2011 until the end of December 2014. 253 eyes of 237 patients were reviewed. 46 eyes were excluded. 207 eyes of 197 patients were analyzed. The included eyes were classified based o...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 28, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Intravitreal Conbercept Injection with and without Grid Laser Photocoagulation in the Treatment of Diffuse Diabetic Macular Edema in Real-Life Clinical Practice.
Authors: Xu Y, Rong A, Bi Y, Xu W Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal conbercept (IVC) plus modified grid laser photocoagulation (MGP) versus IVC alone for treatment of diffuse diabetic macular edema (DDME). Methods. In this retrospective study, 51 DDME patients were treated with either IVC alone (IVC group) or IVC plus MGP (combined group) with 12 months of follow-up. The clinical records of those patients were reviewed. Results. 26 patients (31 eyes) received IVC alone and 25 patients (30 eyes) received combined therapy. At month 12, the mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) letter score...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 27, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Role of E-Cadherin in Maintaining the Barrier Function of Corneal Epithelium after Treatment with Cultured Autologous Oral Mucosa Epithelial Cell Sheet Grafts for Limbal Stem Deficiency.
In conclusion, E cadherin high expression contributed to CAOMECS tight and gap junction protein recruitment at the cell membrane, thus promoting cellular adhesion and a functional barrier to protect the ocular surface. PMID: 27777792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 27, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Visual Impairment among Older Adults in a Rural Community in Eastern China.
Authors: Pan CW, Qian DJ, Sun HP, Ma Q, Xu Y, Song E Abstract Purpose. To determine the prevalence, causes, and associations of visual impairment (VI) among participants aged 60 years or older in a rural community in China. Methods. A community-based survey was undertaken in a rural town located in Eastern China and 4579 people aged 60 years or older participated in the study. Presenting visual acuity was assessed using a Snellen chart with tumbling-E optotypes and anterior segment was examined using a slit-lamp. VI was defined as presenting VA
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 27, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Repeatability and Reproducibility of Quantitative Corneal Shape Analysis after Orthokeratology Treatment Using Image-Pro Plus Software.
Conclusions. IPP could be used to acquire the exact data of the characteristic morphological corneal changes after orthokeratology treatment with good repeatability and reproducibility. This trial is registered with trial registration number: ChiCTR-IPR-14005505. PMID: 27774312 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 25, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Possible Relation between Lack of Posterior Vitreous Detachment and Severe Endogenous Endophthalmitis.
Conclusion. Despite an advanced age, PVD was absent in the majority of patients with EE. PVD may be related to the pathogenesis and aggravation of EE. PMID: 27766175 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography for Contact Lens-Related Corneal Vascularization.
Conclusion. This early clinical study suggests that the swept-source OCTA used may be useful for examining corneal vascularization, which may have potential for clinical applications such as detecting early limbal stem cell damage. PMID: 27752366 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 20, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

A Novel Technique for Conjunctivoplasty in a Rabbit Model: Platelet-Rich Fibrin Membrane Grafting.
Conclusions. This experimental study showed us the beneficial effects of the PRF membrane on conjunctival healing. Besides its chemical effects, it provides mechanical support as a scaffold for the migrating cells that are important for ocular surface regeneration. These overall results encourage us to apply autologous PRF membrane as a growth factor-enriched endogenous scaffold for ocular surface reconstruction. PMID: 27747098 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 18, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

A Combination of Intrastromal and Intracameral Injections of Amphotericin B in the Treatment of Severe Fungal Keratitis.
Conclusions. A combination of intrastromal and intracameral injections of amphotericin B may be safe and effective for the treatment of severe fungal keratitis that is resistant to conventional therapy. PMID: 27721986 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 13, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Clinical Usefulness of Monitoring Expression Levels of CCL24 (Eotaxin-2) mRNA on the Ocular Surface in Patients with Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis and Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis.
Conclusions. CCL24 (eotaxin-2) mRNA expression levels on the ocular surface are a useful biomarker for clinical severity of VKC/AKC. PMID: 27721987 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 13, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Applications of Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Cornea and Ocular Surface Diseases.
Authors: Han SB, Liu YC, Noriega KM, Mehta JS Abstract Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noncontact technology that produces high-resolution cross-sectional images of ocular tissues. Anterior segment OCT (AS-OCT) enables the precise visualization of anterior segment structure; thus, it can be used in various corneal and ocular surface disorders. In this review, the authors will discuss the application of AS-OCT for diagnosis and management of various corneal and ocular surface disorders. Use of AS-OCT for anterior segment surgery and postoperative management will also be discussed. In addition, application of...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 13, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Twelve-Month Follow-Up of Dexamethasone Implants for Macular Edema from Various Diseases in Vitrectomized and Nonvitrectomized Eyes.
Authors: Novais EA, Maia M, Filho PA, Dias JR, Garcia JM, de Andrade GC, Louzada RN, Ávila M, Maia A, Arevalo JF, Wu L, Berrocal M, Badaró E, Farah M Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT), and the number of dexamethasone implants needed to treat cystoid macular edema (CME) from various etiologies over 12 months in vitrectomized and nonvitrectomized eyes. Methods. This multicenter retrospective cohort study included 112 patients with CME secondary to retinal diseases treated pro re nata (PRN) with a 0.7 mg intravitreal dexamethason...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 13, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Clinical Features and Visual Outcomes of Optic Neuritis in Chinese Children.
Authors: Zhou H, Wang W, Xu Q, Tan S, Zhao S, Yang M, Peng C, Wei S Abstract Purpose. Although optic neuritis (ON) in children is relatively common, visual outcomes and factors associated with the condition have not been well documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and visual outcomes of ON in Chinese children. Methods. Patients with a first episode of ON at a tertiary neuroophthalmic centre in China were assessed and followed up for at least three months. Visual outcomes and clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging findings were reviewed. In patients with bilateral ON, only the eyes w...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 13, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Comment on "Choroidal Thickness in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Type Dementia".
Comment on "Choroidal Thickness in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Type Dementia". J Ophthalmol. 2016;2016:5392105 Authors: Uzun S PMID: 27699064 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 6, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Reliability of Using Retinal Vascular Fractal Dimension as a Biomarker in the Diabetic Retinopathy Detection.
Authors: Huang F, Dashtbozorg B, Zhang J, Bekkers E, Abbasi-Sureshjani S, Berendschot TT, Ter Haar Romeny BM Abstract The retinal fractal dimension (FD) is a measure of vasculature branching pattern complexity. FD has been considered as a potential biomarker for the detection of several diseases like diabetes and hypertension. However, conflicting findings were found in the reported literature regarding the association between this biomarker and diseases. In this paper, we examine the stability of the FD measurement with respect to (1) different vessel annotations obtained from human observers, (2) automatic segmen...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 6, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "A Review of Collagen Cross-Linking in Cornea and Sclera".
Corrigendum to "A Review of Collagen Cross-Linking in Cornea and Sclera". J Ophthalmol. 2016;2016:7064093 Authors: Zhang X, Tao XC, Zhang J, Li ZW, Xu YY, Wang YM, Zhang CX, Mu GY Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/289467.]. PMID: 27703804 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 6, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

The Intoxication Effects of Methanol and Formic Acid on Rat Retina Function.
CONCLUSIONS: Both of scotopic and photopic retinal functions were impaired by methanol poisoning, and impairment was more serious in the 7-day than in the 3-day group. OPs, especially later OPs and IPI2, were more sensitive to methanol intoxication than other eletroretinogram subcomponents. PMID: 27688906 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Scleral Buckling for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Associated with Pars Planitis.
Authors: Kim YK, Yoon W, Ahn JK, Park SP Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the surgical outcome of scleral buckling (SB) in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) patients associated with pars planitis. Methods. Retrospective review of RRD patients (32 eyes of pars planitis RRD and 180 eyes of primary RRD) who underwent SB. We compared primary and final anatomical success rates and visual outcomes between two groups. Results. Primary and final anatomical success were achieved in 25 (78.1%) and 31 (96.8%) eyes in the pars planitis RRD group and in 167 eyes (92.7%) and 176 eyes (97.7%) in primary RRD group, respectively...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Corneal Biomechanical Findings in Contact Lens Induced Corneal Warpage.
Conclusion. Corneal biomechanics may be different in people who develop contact lens induced warpage. PMID: 27688908 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Comment on "Evaluation of Subfoveal Choroidal Thickness in Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis".
Comment on "Evaluation of Subfoveal Choroidal Thickness in Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis". J Ophthalmol. 2016;2016:7575643 Authors: Uzun S, Yesilkaya Y, Pehlivan E PMID: 27688909 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of Anterior Chamber Volume in Cataract Patients with Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography.
Authors: He W, Zhu X, Wolff D, Zhao Z, Sun X, Lu Y Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the anterior chamber volume in cataract patients with Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography (SS-OCT) and its influencing factors. Methods. Anterior chamber volume of 92 cataract patients was evaluated with SS-OCT in this cross-sectional study. Univariate analyses and multiple linear regression were used to investigate gender, age, operated eye, posterior vitreous detachment, lens opacity grading, and axial length (AXL) related variables capable of influencing the ACV. Results. The average ACV was 139.80 ± 38.21 mm(3) ...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - October 2, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

In Vivo Positional Analysis of Implantable Collamer Lens Using Ultrasound Biomicroscopy.
Conclusion. UBM can provide valuable anatomical information that allows detailed postoperative in vivo assessment of ICL. PMID: 27672446 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - September 29, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Corneal Epithelial Remodeling and Its Effect on Corneal Asphericity after Transepithelial Photorefractive Keratectomy for Myopia.
Authors: Hou J, Wang Y, Lei Y, Zheng X, Zhang Y Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the changes in epithelial thickness profile following transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (T-PRK) for myopia and to investigate the effect of epithelial remodeling on corneal asphericity. Methods. Forty-four patients (44 right eyes) who underwent T-PRK were retrospectively evaluated. Epithelial thickness was measured using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at different corneal zones (central, 2 mm; paracentral, 2-5 mm; and mid-peripheral, 5-6 mm) preoperatively and at 1 week and 1, 3, and 6 months p...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - September 29, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Quantitative Analysis of Lens Nuclear Density Using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) with a Liquid Optics Interface: Correlation between OCT Images and LOCS III Grading.
Authors: Kim YN, Park JH, Tchah H Abstract Purpose. To quantify whole lens and nuclear lens densities using anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) with a liquid optics interface and evaluate their correlation with Lens Opacities Classification System III (LOCS III) lens grading and corrected distance visual acuity (BCVA). Methods. OCT images of the whole lens and lens nucleus of eyes with age-related nuclear cataract were analyzed using ImageJ software. The lens grade and nuclear density were represented in pixel intensity units (PIU) and correlations between PIU, BCVA, and LOCS III were assessed. Resu...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - September 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Effect of Hydroxychloroquine on the Retinal Layers: A Quantitative Evaluation with Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography.
Authors: Uslu H, Gurler B, Yildirim A, Tatar MG, Aylin Kantarcı F, Goker H, Pehlevan HS, Colak HN Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the effect of hydroxychloroquine on retinal pigment epithelium- (RPE-) Bruch's membrane complex, photoreceptor outer segment, and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thicknesses using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods. In this prospective case-control study, 51 eyes of 51 hydroxychloroquine patients and 30 eyes of 30 healthy subjects were included. High-quality images were obtained using a Cirrus HD-OCT with 5-line raster mode; the photorecepto...
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - September 23, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Evaluation of Anterior Segment's Structures in Tilted Disc Syndrome.
Conclusion. We determined that CCT was thinner, CV was less, and ACA was narrower in patients with TDS. There are some changes in the anterior segment of the eyes with tilted disc. PMID: 27648303 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - September 22, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Response to: Comment on "The Effects of Hemodialysis on Tear Osmolarity".
Response to: Comment on "The Effects of Hemodialysis on Tear Osmolarity". J Ophthalmol. 2016;2016:1925683 Authors: Taskapili M, Serefoglu Cabuk K, Aydin R, Atalay K, Kirgiz A, Sit D, Kayabasi H PMID: 27641535 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - September 20, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Outcomes of Sutureless Iris-Claw Lens Implantation.
Conclusion. Retropupilary iris-claw intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with sutureless wound closing is an easy and fast method, ensuring good refractive outcome and a low risk of complication. The Haigis formula proved to be predictable in postoperative refraction. PMID: 27642519 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - September 20, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research

Lacrimal Gland, Ocular Surface, and Dry Eye.
Authors: Ding C, Tóth-Molnár E, Wang N, Zhou L PMID: 27642520 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - September 20, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research