Monitoring the peaks of multiwave COVID-19 outbreaks
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jul 15:S1684-1182(21)00144-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.07.005. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34303622 | PMC:PMC8280657 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.07.005 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 25, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shih-Yung Su Wen-Chung Lee Source Type: research

Monitoring the peaks of multiwave COVID-19 outbreaks
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jul 15:S1684-1182(21)00144-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.07.005. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34303622 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.07.005 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 25, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shih-Yung Su Wen-Chung Lee Source Type: research

Risk of non-typhoidal Salmonella vascular infections is increased with degree of atherosclerosis and inflammation: A multicenter study in southern Taiwan
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 21:S1684-1182(21)00106-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.04.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis and vascular inflammatory response have been considered as risk factors for non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) vascular infection. The study aims to assess the risk of vascular infection by measuring atherosclerosis severity, NTS vascular infection (NTSVI) score, and serum levels of inflammatory markers in people with NTS bacteremia.METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in two medical centers and two regional hospitals. Adults aged ≥50 years with NTS bac...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 24, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ying-Wen Chen Hung-Jen Tang Yi-Shan Tsai Nan-Yao Lee Yuan-Pin Hung Chien-Fang Huang Ching-Chi Lee Chia-Wen Li Ming-Chi Li Ling-Shan Syue Shu-Li Su Shu-Hao Hsu Wen-Chien Ko Po-Lin Chen Source Type: research

Personalized profiles of antioxidant signaling pathway in patients with tuberculosis
CONCLUSION: This study can provide useful tools to monitor the course of the infection and address patients' treatment.PMID:34301493 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.07.004 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 24, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sara Petrillo Maria Giovanna Gallo Annapaola Santoro Rita Brugaletta Parni Nijhawan Cristina Russo Piergiorgio La Rosa Massimiliano Raponi Anna Teresa Palamara Enrico Silvio Bertini Claudio Maria Mastroianni Salvatore Zaffina Fiorella Piemonte Source Type: research

Risk of non-typhoidal Salmonella vascular infections is increased with degree of atherosclerosis and inflammation: A multicenter study in southern Taiwan
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 21:S1684-1182(21)00106-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.04.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis and vascular inflammatory response have been considered as risk factors for non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) vascular infection. The study aims to assess the risk of vascular infection by measuring atherosclerosis severity, NTS vascular infection (NTSVI) score, and serum levels of inflammatory markers in people with NTS bacteremia.METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in two medical centers and two regional hospitals. Adults aged ≥50 years with NTS bac...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 24, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ying-Wen Chen Hung-Jen Tang Yi-Shan Tsai Nan-Yao Lee Yuan-Pin Hung Chien-Fang Huang Ching-Chi Lee Chia-Wen Li Ming-Chi Li Ling-Shan Syue Shu-Li Su Shu-Hao Hsu Wen-Chien Ko Po-Lin Chen Source Type: research

Personalized profiles of antioxidant signaling pathway in patients with tuberculosis
CONCLUSION: This study can provide useful tools to monitor the course of the infection and address patients' treatment.PMID:34301493 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.07.004 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 24, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sara Petrillo Maria Giovanna Gallo Annapaola Santoro Rita Brugaletta Parni Nijhawan Cristina Russo Piergiorgio La Rosa Massimiliano Raponi Anna Teresa Palamara Enrico Silvio Bertini Claudio Maria Mastroianni Salvatore Zaffina Fiorella Piemonte Source Type: research

Risk of non-typhoidal Salmonella vascular infections is increased with degree of atherosclerosis and inflammation: A multicenter study in southern Taiwan
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 21:S1684-1182(21)00106-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.04.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis and vascular inflammatory response have been considered as risk factors for non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) vascular infection. The study aims to assess the risk of vascular infection by measuring atherosclerosis severity, NTS vascular infection (NTSVI) score, and serum levels of inflammatory markers in people with NTS bacteremia.METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in two medical centers and two regional hospitals. Adults aged ≥50 years with NTS bac...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 24, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ying-Wen Chen Hung-Jen Tang Yi-Shan Tsai Nan-Yao Lee Yuan-Pin Hung Chien-Fang Huang Ching-Chi Lee Chia-Wen Li Ming-Chi Li Ling-Shan Syue Shu-Li Su Shu-Hao Hsu Wen-Chien Ko Po-Lin Chen Source Type: research

Personalized profiles of antioxidant signaling pathway in patients with tuberculosis
CONCLUSION: This study can provide useful tools to monitor the course of the infection and address patients' treatment.PMID:34301493 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.07.004 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 24, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sara Petrillo Maria Giovanna Gallo Annapaola Santoro Rita Brugaletta Parni Nijhawan Cristina Russo Piergiorgio La Rosa Massimiliano Raponi Anna Teresa Palamara Enrico Silvio Bertini Claudio Maria Mastroianni Salvatore Zaffina Fiorella Piemonte Source Type: research

Nasopharyngeal carriage rate, serotype distribution, and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from children under five years old in Kotabaru, South Kalimantan, Indonesia
CONCLUSIONS: MDR S. pneumoniae vaccine type strains were dominated by serotype 19F. The implementation of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine program in Indonesia might reduce MDR strains circulating in the community in the future.PMID:34294592 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.006 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 23, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Korrie Salsabila Wisiva Tofriska Paramaiswari Hafsah Amalia Akhmad Ruyani Wisnu Tafroji Yayah Winarti Miftahuddin Majid Khoeri Dodi Safari Source Type: research

Baricitinib plus dexamethasone compared to dexamethasone for the treatment of severe COVID-19 pneumonia: A retrospective analysis
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jul 3:S1684-1182(21)00133-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze clinical outcomes from patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia that received either baricitinib plus dexamethasone or dexamethasone monotherapy.METHODOLOGY: We performed a retrospective comparative study. Data from hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia (saturation
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 23, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Eduardo P érez-Alba Laura Nuzzolo-Shihadeh Gloria Mayela Aguirre-Garc ía Jaime Espinosa-Mora Juan Diego Lecona-Garcia Romulo Omar Flores-P érez Marisela Mendoza-Garza Adri án Camacho-Ortiz Source Type: research

Genomic surveillance reveals international circulation and local transmission of Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A in Taiwan
CONCLUSION: Due to the advance of global transportation and communication, the transmission mode of infectious disease has been modified. Domestic typhoid and paratyphoid fever caused by international resistant clones can occur in low-incidence countries. Genome analysis showed that the indigenous clone originally imported from other countries has been circulating in Taiwan for over a decade.PMID:34274303 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.004 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 18, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ye Feng Yi-Ching Chen Rajendra Prasad Janapatla Zeyu Wang Ying-Jie Hsu Chyi-Liang Chen Cheng-Hsun Chiu Source Type: research

Genomic surveillance reveals international circulation and local transmission of Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A in Taiwan
CONCLUSION: Due to the advance of global transportation and communication, the transmission mode of infectious disease has been modified. Domestic typhoid and paratyphoid fever caused by international resistant clones can occur in low-incidence countries. Genome analysis showed that the indigenous clone originally imported from other countries has been circulating in Taiwan for over a decade.PMID:34274303 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.004 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 18, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ye Feng Yi-Ching Chen Rajendra Prasad Janapatla Zeyu Wang Ying-Jie Hsu Chyi-Liang Chen Cheng-Hsun Chiu Source Type: research

Genomic surveillance reveals international circulation and local transmission of Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A in Taiwan
CONCLUSION: Due to the advance of global transportation and communication, the transmission mode of infectious disease has been modified. Domestic typhoid and paratyphoid fever caused by international resistant clones can occur in low-incidence countries. Genome analysis showed that the indigenous clone originally imported from other countries has been circulating in Taiwan for over a decade.PMID:34274303 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.004 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 18, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ye Feng Yi-Ching Chen Rajendra Prasad Janapatla Zeyu Wang Ying-Jie Hsu Chyi-Liang Chen Cheng-Hsun Chiu Source Type: research

Genomic surveillance reveals international circulation and local transmission of Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A in Taiwan
CONCLUSION: Due to the advance of global transportation and communication, the transmission mode of infectious disease has been modified. Domestic typhoid and paratyphoid fever caused by international resistant clones can occur in low-incidence countries. Genome analysis showed that the indigenous clone originally imported from other countries has been circulating in Taiwan for over a decade.PMID:34274303 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.004 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 18, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ye Feng Yi-Ching Chen Rajendra Prasad Janapatla Zeyu Wang Ying-Jie Hsu Chyi-Liang Chen Cheng-Hsun Chiu Source Type: research

The evolution of rapid antigen detection systems and their application for COVID-19 and other serious respiratory infectious diseases
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 26:S1684-1182(21)00134-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMaking the correct diagnosis of a patient seeking medical attention is the ultimate goal of a practicing physician, irrespective of whether the cause of the patient's condition is infectious or non-infectious. Antigen detection tests can be used to aid in the diagnosis of various infectious-related disorders including COVID-19 where it has become especially important due to the serious nature of this disease and its worldwide prevalence. These tests closely mimic one of the earliest prototypes - the...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 17, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Charles S Pavia Maria M Plummer Source Type: research

The evolution of rapid antigen detection systems and their application for COVID-19 and other serious respiratory infectious diseases
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 26:S1684-1182(21)00134-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.003. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMaking the correct diagnosis of a patient seeking medical attention is the ultimate goal of a practicing physician, irrespective of whether the cause of the patient's condition is infectious or non-infectious. Antigen detection tests can be used to aid in the diagnosis of various infectious-related disorders including COVID-19 where it has become especially important due to the serious nature of this disease and its worldwide prevalence. These tests closely mimic one of the earliest prototypes - the...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 17, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Charles S Pavia Maria M Plummer Source Type: research

Effective use of an advanced isolation unit during the COVID-19 pandemic: A retrospective cohort study
We described a strategy for preventing virus transmission within hospitals through screening and advanced isolation during the coronavirus pandemic. Patients were screened and admitted to the adult advanced isolation unit from February to April 2020. Our process minimized exposure without delaying proper treatment and prevented virus transmission within the hospital.PMID:34261612 | PMC:PMC8249678 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.001 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 15, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Youngmok Park Se Hyun Kwak Kyungsoo Chung Moo Suk Park Source Type: research

Effective use of an advanced isolation unit during the COVID-19 pandemic: A retrospective cohort study
We described a strategy for preventing virus transmission within hospitals through screening and advanced isolation during the coronavirus pandemic. Patients were screened and admitted to the adult advanced isolation unit from February to April 2020. Our process minimized exposure without delaying proper treatment and prevented virus transmission within the hospital.PMID:34261612 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.001 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 15, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Youngmok Park Se Hyun Kwak Kyungsoo Chung Moo Suk Park Source Type: research

Effective use of an advanced isolation unit during the COVID-19 pandemic: A retrospective cohort study
We described a strategy for preventing virus transmission within hospitals through screening and advanced isolation during the coronavirus pandemic. Patients were screened and admitted to the adult advanced isolation unit from February to April 2020. Our process minimized exposure without delaying proper treatment and prevented virus transmission within the hospital.PMID:34261612 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.001 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 15, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Youngmok Park Se Hyun Kwak Kyungsoo Chung Moo Suk Park Source Type: research

Clinical efficacy of antiviral agents against coronavirus disease 2019: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials
This study reviews the updated findings of RCTs regarding the clinical efficacy of eight antiviral agents against COVID-19, including remdesivir, lopinavir/ritonavir, favipiravir, sofosbuvir/daclatasvir, sofosbuvir/ledipasvir, baloxavir, umifenovir, darunavir/cobicistat, and their combinations. Treatment with remdesivir could accelerate clinical improvement; however, it lacked additional survival benefits. Moreover, 5-day regimen of remdesivir might show adequate effectiveness in patients with mild to moderate COVID-19. Favipiravir was only marginally effective regarding clinical improvement and virological assessment base...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 13, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chih-Cheng Lai Chien-Ming Chao Po-Ren Hsueh Source Type: research

Clinical efficacy of antiviral agents against coronavirus disease 2019: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials
This study reviews the updated findings of RCTs regarding the clinical efficacy of eight antiviral agents against COVID-19, including remdesivir, lopinavir/ritonavir, favipiravir, sofosbuvir/daclatasvir, sofosbuvir/ledipasvir, baloxavir, umifenovir, darunavir/cobicistat, and their combinations. Treatment with remdesivir could accelerate clinical improvement; however, it lacked additional survival benefits. Moreover, 5-day regimen of remdesivir might show adequate effectiveness in patients with mild to moderate COVID-19. Favipiravir was only marginally effective regarding clinical improvement and virological assessment base...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 13, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chih-Cheng Lai Chien-Ming Chao Po-Ren Hsueh Source Type: research

Genetic characterization of Trichomonas gallinae (Rivolta, 1878) in companion birds in Japan and the genotypical relationship in the Asia region
CONCLUSION: This is the first report of the genetic characterization of T. gallinae in Japan with discovery of novel subtype A3.PMID:34246556 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.010 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 11, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shyun Chou Shinichiro Hadano Atsushi Kojima Mario Yorisaki Masaru Yasuda Kazunori Ike Toshihiro Tokiwa Source Type: research

Genetic characterization of Trichomonas gallinae (Rivolta, 1878) in companion birds in Japan and the genotypical relationship in the Asia region
CONCLUSION: This is the first report of the genetic characterization of T. gallinae in Japan with discovery of novel subtype A3.PMID:34246556 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.010 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 11, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shyun Chou Shinichiro Hadano Atsushi Kojima Mario Yorisaki Masaru Yasuda Kazunori Ike Toshihiro Tokiwa Source Type: research

Risk factors and clinical impact of bacteremia due to carbapenem-nonsusceptible Enterobacteriaceae: A multicenter study in southern Taiwan
CONCLUSION: Among adults with Enterobacteriaceae bacteremia, carbapenem nonsusceptibility, male sex, and the presence of hypertension or chronic kidney disease indicate a poor prognosis during hospitalization.PMID:34244117 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.005 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 10, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Tsao-Chin Lin Yuan-Pin Hung Wei-Tang Lin Wei Dai Yeou-Lih Huang Wen-Chien Ko Source Type: research

Risk factors and clinical impact of bacteremia due to carbapenem-nonsusceptible Enterobacteriaceae: A multicenter study in southern Taiwan
CONCLUSION: Among adults with Enterobacteriaceae bacteremia, carbapenem nonsusceptibility, male sex, and the presence of hypertension or chronic kidney disease indicate a poor prognosis during hospitalization.PMID:34244117 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.005 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 10, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Tsao-Chin Lin Yuan-Pin Hung Wei-Tang Lin Wei Dai Yeou-Lih Huang Wen-Chien Ko Source Type: research

Inhibition of spores to prevent the recurrence of Clostridioides difficile infection - A possibility or an improbability?
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 26:S1684-1182(21)00132-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTClostridioides difficile is one of the most common nosocomial gastrointestinal pathogens, and recurrence is a problematic issue because approximately 20-30% of patients experience at least one episode of recurrence, even after treatment with a therapeutic drug of choice for C. difficile infection (CDI), such as vancomycin. CDI recurrence has a multifactorial complex mechanism, in which gut microbiota disruption coincident with viable C. difficile spores, is considered the most important factor. The ...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 7, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chun-Wei Chiu Pei-Jane Tsai Ching-Chi Lee Wen-Chien Ko Yuan-Pin Hung Source Type: research

Inhibition of spores to prevent the recurrence of Clostridioides difficile infection - A possibility or an improbability?
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 26:S1684-1182(21)00132-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTClostridioides difficile is one of the most common nosocomial gastrointestinal pathogens, and recurrence is a problematic issue because approximately 20-30% of patients experience at least one episode of recurrence, even after treatment with a therapeutic drug of choice for C. difficile infection (CDI), such as vancomycin. CDI recurrence has a multifactorial complex mechanism, in which gut microbiota disruption coincident with viable C. difficile spores, is considered the most important factor. The ...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 7, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chun-Wei Chiu Pei-Jane Tsai Ching-Chi Lee Wen-Chien Ko Yuan-Pin Hung Source Type: research

Inhibition of spores to prevent the recurrence of Clostridioides difficile infection - A possibility or an improbability?
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 26:S1684-1182(21)00132-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTClostridioides difficile is one of the most common nosocomial gastrointestinal pathogens, and recurrence is a problematic issue because approximately 20-30% of patients experience at least one episode of recurrence, even after treatment with a therapeutic drug of choice for C. difficile infection (CDI), such as vancomycin. CDI recurrence has a multifactorial complex mechanism, in which gut microbiota disruption coincident with viable C. difficile spores, is considered the most important factor. The ...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 7, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chun-Wei Chiu Pei-Jane Tsai Ching-Chi Lee Wen-Chien Ko Yuan-Pin Hung Source Type: research

Inhibition of spores to prevent the recurrence of Clostridioides difficile infection - A possibility or an improbability?
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 26:S1684-1182(21)00132-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.06.002. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTClostridioides difficile is one of the most common nosocomial gastrointestinal pathogens, and recurrence is a problematic issue because approximately 20-30% of patients experience at least one episode of recurrence, even after treatment with a therapeutic drug of choice for C. difficile infection (CDI), such as vancomycin. CDI recurrence has a multifactorial complex mechanism, in which gut microbiota disruption coincident with viable C. difficile spores, is considered the most important factor. The ...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 7, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chun-Wei Chiu Pei-Jane Tsai Ching-Chi Lee Wen-Chien Ko Yuan-Pin Hung Source Type: research

Nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in invasive isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Taiwan from 2017 to 2019
CONCLUSION: Empirical treatment with ceftriaxone monotherapy for pneumococcal meningitis should be carefully monitored owing to its high non-susceptibility rate. The susceptibility rates of most isolates to penicillin (used for treating non-meningitis pneumococcal diseases), carbapenems (ertapenem and doripenem), respiratory quinolones (moxifloxacin and levofloxacin), vancomycin, and linezolid suggested the potential of these antibiotics in treating pneumococcal diseases in Taiwan.PMID:34219043 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.008 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 5, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yu-Te Tsai Yu-Lin Lee Min-Chi Lu Pei-Lan Shao Po-Liang Lu Shu-Hsing Cheng Wen-Chien Ko Chi-Ying Lin Ting-Shu Wu Muh-Yong Yen Lih-Shinn Wang Chang-Pan Liu Wen-Sen Lee Zhi-Yuan Shi Yao-Shen Chen Fu-Der Wang Shu-Hui Tseng Chao-Nan Lin Yu-Hui Chen Wang-Huei S Source Type: research

Nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in invasive isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Taiwan from 2017 to 2019
CONCLUSION: Empirical treatment with ceftriaxone monotherapy for pneumococcal meningitis should be carefully monitored owing to its high non-susceptibility rate. The susceptibility rates of most isolates to penicillin (used for treating non-meningitis pneumococcal diseases), carbapenems (ertapenem and doripenem), respiratory quinolones (moxifloxacin and levofloxacin), vancomycin, and linezolid suggested the potential of these antibiotics in treating pneumococcal diseases in Taiwan.PMID:34219043 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.008 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 5, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yu-Te Tsai Yu-Lin Lee Min-Chi Lu Pei-Lan Shao Po-Liang Lu Shu-Hsing Cheng Wen-Chien Ko Chi-Ying Lin Ting-Shu Wu Muh-Yong Yen Lih-Shinn Wang Chang-Pan Liu Wen-Sen Lee Zhi-Yuan Shi Yao-Shen Chen Fu-Der Wang Shu-Hui Tseng Chao-Nan Lin Yu-Hui Chen Wang-Huei S Source Type: research

The epidemiology and etiologies of respiratory tract infection in Northern Taiwan during the early phase of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 22:S1684-1182(21)00102-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.006. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) manifests symptoms as common etiologies of respiratory tract infections (RTIs). During the pandemic of COVID-19, identifying the etiologies correctly from patients with RTI symptoms was crucial in not only disease control but preventing healthcare system from collapsing. By applying sensitive PCR-based molecular assays, we detected the etiologic agents and delineated the epidemiologic picture of RTIs in the early phase of COVID-19 pandemic.METHODS: Fro...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 4, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Andrew Po-Liang Chen Chien Chuang Ying-Chi Huang Ping-Feng Wu Shiang-Fen Huang Nai-Cheng Cheng Yi-Tsung Lin Su-Jung Chen Ling-Ju Huang Chia-Lin Lee Hsin-Pai Chen Yu-Jiun Chan Fu-Der Wang Source Type: research

Growth arrest-specific 6 protein in HIV-infected patients: Determination of plasma level and different antiretroviral regimens
CONCLUSIONS: Decreased plasma Gas6 concentrations were observed in HIV patients. Gas6 levels are associated with different third regimen of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Gas6 may represent a unique marker for assessing the chronic inflammation state difference among cART regimens in HIV patients.PMID:34210628 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.001 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 2, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Te-Yu Lin Fu-Huang Lin Ching-Ching Hung Chang-Lin Liu Yu-Chun Hsiao Chien-Hsing Lee Ning-Chi Wang Source Type: research

Growth arrest-specific 6 protein in HIV-infected patients: Determination of plasma level and different antiretroviral regimens
CONCLUSIONS: Decreased plasma Gas6 concentrations were observed in HIV patients. Gas6 levels are associated with different third regimen of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Gas6 may represent a unique marker for assessing the chronic inflammation state difference among cART regimens in HIV patients.PMID:34210628 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.001 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 2, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Te-Yu Lin Fu-Huang Lin Ching-Ching Hung Chang-Lin Liu Yu-Chun Hsiao Chien-Hsing Lee Ning-Chi Wang Source Type: research

Growth arrest-specific 6 protein in HIV-infected patients: Determination of plasma level and different antiretroviral regimens
CONCLUSIONS: Decreased plasma Gas6 concentrations were observed in HIV patients. Gas6 levels are associated with different third regimen of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Gas6 may represent a unique marker for assessing the chronic inflammation state difference among cART regimens in HIV patients.PMID:34210628 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.001 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 2, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Te-Yu Lin Fu-Huang Lin Ching-Ching Hung Chang-Lin Liu Yu-Chun Hsiao Chien-Hsing Lee Ning-Chi Wang Source Type: research

Gene signatures and potential therapeutic targets of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-infected human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells
CONCLUSIONS: The present study illustrates the crucial roles of miRNA-mRNA interacting networks in MERS-CoV-infected cells. The genes we identified are potential targets for treating MERS-CoV infection; however, these could possibly be extended to other coronavirus infections.PMID:34176764 | PMC:PMC7997684 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.007 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 28, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yen-Hung Wu I-Jeng Yeh Nam Nhut Phan Meng-Chi Yen Jui-Hsiang Hung Chung-Chieh Chiao Chien-Fu Chen Zhengda Sun Hui-Ping Hsu Chih-Yang Wang Ming-Derg Lai Source Type: research

Gene signatures and potential therapeutic targets of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-infected human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells
CONCLUSIONS: The present study illustrates the crucial roles of miRNA-mRNA interacting networks in MERS-CoV-infected cells. The genes we identified are potential targets for treating MERS-CoV infection; however, these could possibly be extended to other coronavirus infections.PMID:34176764 | PMC:PMC7997684 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.007 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 28, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yen-Hung Wu I-Jeng Yeh Nam Nhut Phan Meng-Chi Yen Jui-Hsiang Hung Chung-Chieh Chiao Chien-Fu Chen Zhengda Sun Hui-Ping Hsu Chih-Yang Wang Ming-Derg Lai Source Type: research

Gene signatures and potential therapeutic targets of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-infected human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells
CONCLUSIONS: The present study illustrates the crucial roles of miRNA-mRNA interacting networks in MERS-CoV-infected cells. The genes we identified are potential targets for treating MERS-CoV infection; however, these could possibly be extended to other coronavirus infections.PMID:34176764 | PMC:PMC7997684 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.007 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 28, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yen-Hung Wu I-Jeng Yeh Nam Nhut Phan Meng-Chi Yen Jui-Hsiang Hung Chung-Chieh Chiao Chien-Fu Chen Zhengda Sun Hui-Ping Hsu Chih-Yang Wang Ming-Derg Lai Source Type: research

Gene signatures and potential therapeutic targets of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-infected human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells
CONCLUSIONS: The present study illustrates the crucial roles of miRNA-mRNA interacting networks in MERS-CoV-infected cells. The genes we identified are potential targets for treating MERS-CoV infection; however, these could possibly be extended to other coronavirus infections.PMID:34176764 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.007 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 28, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yen-Hung Wu I-Jeng Yeh Nam Nhut Phan Meng-Chi Yen Jui-Hsiang Hung Chung-Chieh Chiao Chien-Fu Chen Zhengda Sun Hui-Ping Hsu Chih-Yang Wang Ming-Derg Lai Source Type: research

Hemodialysis acutely altered interferon-gamma release assay test result and immune cell profile
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun 11:S1684-1182(21)00103-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.022. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPatients receiving hemodialysis (HD) are at risk of TB development. IGRA-positive patients showed significant decrease in quantitative IGRA result with alterations in CD3+CD4+CD45RO+, NK cell, and monocyte subsets immediately upon HD procedure. Our result suggested that the timing of IGRA testing is crucial in end-stage renal disease population.PMID:34175241 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.022 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 27, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Denise Utami Putri Chia-Ling Chen Cheng-Hui Wang Yuh-Mou Sue Po-Chun Tseng Chiou-Feng Lin Ching-Wen Tsai Yi-Jun Liu Chih-Hsin Lee Source Type: research

The trend of environmental and clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a hospital in Taiwan: Impact of USA300
CONCLUSIONS: The environmental MRSA was closely linked to MRSA isolated from patients, suggesting that the environment may act as a reservoir of MRSA. Besides, the USA300 MRSA has become a major clone in the hospital setting. An effective and rigorous approach to environmental cleaning and decontamination is suggested to eradicate MRSA in the hospital.PMID:34175242 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.020 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 27, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chen-Hsin Yu Sing Shen Kuan-Ying A Huang Yhu-Chering Huang Source Type: research

Antifibrotic and anthelminthic effect of casticin on Schistosoma mansoni-infected BALB/c mice
CONCLUSION: Collectively, our study suggested that Casticin may be a beneficial candidate in treating S. mansoni infection.PMID:34167886 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.017 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 25, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ho Yin Pekkle Lam Ting-Ruei Liang Yi-Chia Lan Kai-Chih Chang Po-Ching Cheng Shih-Yi Peng Source Type: research

Antifibrotic and anthelminthic effect of casticin on Schistosoma mansoni-infected BALB/c mice
CONCLUSION: Collectively, our study suggested that Casticin may be a beneficial candidate in treating S. mansoni infection.PMID:34167886 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.017 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 25, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ho Yin Pekkle Lam Ting-Ruei Liang Yi-Chia Lan Kai-Chih Chang Po-Ching Cheng Shih-Yi Peng Source Type: research

Antifibrotic and anthelminthic effect of casticin on Schistosoma mansoni-infected BALB/c mice
CONCLUSION: Collectively, our study suggested that Casticin may be a beneficial candidate in treating S. mansoni infection.PMID:34167886 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.017 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 25, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ho Yin Pekkle Lam Ting-Ruei Liang Yi-Chia Lan Kai-Chih Chang Po-Ching Cheng Shih-Yi Peng Source Type: research

Investigating the prevalence and clinical effects of hepatitis delta viral infection in Taiwan
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of HDV and the serum HDV RNA-positive rate were low in district hospitals in Taiwan. Coexisting HDV infection did not influence the clinical manifestation of patients with chronic HBV infection in Taiwan. However, because the number of HDV RNA cases was very small, our findings may not be conclusive. Besides, since the sensitivity of current anti-HDV kit is not 100%, more sensitive methods are needed to achieve reliable prevalence data.PMID:34162528 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.014 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 24, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wei-Cheng Lee Tzen-Kwan Chen Hwa-Fa Han Yu-Chun Lin Ya-Min Hwang Jia-Horng Kao Pei-Jer Chen Chun-Jen Liu Source Type: research

Investigating the prevalence and clinical effects of hepatitis delta viral infection in Taiwan
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of HDV and the serum HDV RNA-positive rate were low in district hospitals in Taiwan. Coexisting HDV infection did not influence the clinical manifestation of patients with chronic HBV infection in Taiwan. However, because the number of HDV RNA cases was very small, our findings may not be conclusive. Besides, since the sensitivity of current anti-HDV kit is not 100%, more sensitive methods are needed to achieve reliable prevalence data.PMID:34162528 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.03.014 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 24, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wei-Cheng Lee Tzen-Kwan Chen Hwa-Fa Han Yu-Chun Lin Ya-Min Hwang Jia-Horng Kao Pei-Jer Chen Chun-Jen Liu Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Helicobacter pylori infection and autoimmune diseases; Is there an association with systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune atrophy gastritis and autoimmune pancreatitis? A systematic review and meta-analysis study"
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun;54(3):540. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2020.10.006. Epub 2020 Oct 24.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34155976 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2020.10.006 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 22, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Masoud Youssefi Hadi Farsiani Kiarash Ghazvini Masoud Keikha Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Helicobacter pylori infection and autoimmune diseases; Is there an association with systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune atrophy gastritis and autoimmune pancreatitis? A systematic review and meta-analysis study"
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 Jun;54(3):540. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2020.10.006. Epub 2020 Oct 24.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34155976 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2020.10.006 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 22, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Masoud Youssefi Hadi Farsiani Kiarash Ghazvini Masoud Keikha Source Type: research

Performance evaluation of newly developed fluorescence immunoassay-based interferon-gamma release assay for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in healthcare workers
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 May 29:S1684-1182(21)00104-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe ichroma™ IGRA-TB (Boditech Med Inc., Chuncheon, Republic of Korea) is an automated fluorescent immunoassay-based point-of-care interferon-gamma release assay for detecting latent tuberculosis infection. We evaluated this assay with 408 health care workers, and demonstrated its acceptable performances comparing to QuantiFERON-TB Gold-Plus (QFT-Plus; Qiagen, Germantown, MD).PMID:34127404 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.007 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 15, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Oh Joo Kweon Yong Kwan Lim Hye Ryoun Kim Tae-Hyoung Kim Mi-Kyung Lee Source Type: research

Performance evaluation of newly developed fluorescence immunoassay-based interferon-gamma release assay for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in healthcare workers
J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2021 May 29:S1684-1182(21)00104-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.007. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe ichroma™ IGRA-TB (Boditech Med Inc., Chuncheon, Republic of Korea) is an automated fluorescent immunoassay-based point-of-care interferon-gamma release assay for detecting latent tuberculosis infection. We evaluated this assay with 408 health care workers, and demonstrated its acceptable performances comparing to QuantiFERON-TB Gold-Plus (QFT-Plus; Qiagen, Germantown, MD).PMID:34127404 | DOI:10.1016/j.jmii.2021.05.007 (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - June 15, 2021 Category: Microbiology Authors: Oh Joo Kweon Yong Kwan Lim Hye Ryoun Kim Tae-Hyoung Kim Mi-Kyung Lee Source Type: research