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Immunodominance of LipL3293-272 peptides revealed by leptospirosis sera and therapeutic monoclonal antibodies
Conclusion The IgM- and IgG-dominant LipL32 could be further perspectives for immunodominant LipL32-based serodiagnosis and LipL32 epitope-based vaccine. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - February 15, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Diabetic patients suffering dengue are at risk for development of dengue shock syndrome/severe dengue: emphasizing the impacts of co-existing comorbidity(ies) and glycemic control on dengue severity
Conclusions These data could help narrow down the number of targets in the triage for risky DM2 dengue patients to those with suboptimal glycemic control and co-existing comorbidity(ies). (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - February 1, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of pulmonary invasive fungal infection among adult patients with hematological malignancy in a medical centre in Taiwan, 2008-2013
Conclusion Patients with acute leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome/severe aplastic anaemia were at high risk of pulmonary IFI. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - February 1, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Breakthrough fungemia caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa during anidulafungin therapy
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Cheng-Hui Wang, Po-Ren Hsueh, Fu-Lun Chen, Wen-Sen Lee Rhodotorula spp. is an emergent opportunistic pathogen, particularly in critically ill and immunocompromised patients. They have been associated with peritonitis, endocarditis, meningitis, and catheterassociated infections.1,2,6 Here, we report a patient with gall bladder stone complicating with obstructive jaundice and acute cholecystitis. He suffered from Candidemia (Candida tropicalis) due to hospital acquired catheter-related infections. He receiv...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - February 1, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Monosodium urate crystals induced ICAM-1 expression and cell-cell adhesion in renal mesangial cells: Implications for the pathogenesis of gouty nephropathy
Conclusion The MSU induced ICAM-1 expression on HRMCs and cell-cell adhesion involved TLR2/4-p38-ICAM1 pathway and TLR2/4 independent ASC-p38-ICAM1 axis.These findings might partly explain the mechanisms underlying gouty nephropathy. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - January 31, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Genetic diversity of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 from Sabah, Malaysia 2015
Conclusion This study revealed that Vibrio cholerae in Sabah were genetically diverse and were atypical El Tor strains. Fingerprint patterns of these isolates will be useful in tracing the origin of this pathogen in the future. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - January 31, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

An oil refinery worker at Kaohsiung, with Pseudoxanthomonas kaohsiungensis bloodstream infection presenting as chronic pericarditis and masquerading as tuberculosis pericarditis
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Shu-Fang Kuo, Chen-Hsiang Lee (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - January 31, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Endophthalmitis caused by Purpureocillium lilacinum
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2018 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Li-Na Guo, He Wang, Po-Ren Hsueh, Jacques F. Meis, Huan Chen, Ying-Chun Xu (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - January 20, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Updates on the molecular epidemiology of Enterovirus D68 after installation of screening test among acute flaccid paralysis patients in Taiwan
This article updated the molecular epidemiology trends of EV-D68 from the national surveillance data. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - January 3, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Identification of a Proteomic Biomarker Associated with Invasive ST1, Serotype VI Group B Streptococcus by MALDI-TOF MS
Conclusions The protein peak of 6251 Da may play a role of emergence of ST-1 clone, serotype VI GBS in central Taiwan and could be useful in rapid identifying invasive serotype VI from III isolates, which is hardly achieved by LA. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 31, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Community-Acquired Bacteremic Pneumonia due to Pasteurella multocida subspecies multocida in a Patient with Poor-Control Diabetes Mellitus
Publication date: Available online 19 December 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Wen-Sen Lee, Fu-Lun Chen, Cheng-Hui Wang, Tsong-Yih Ou, Yi-Hsuan Lin, Shio-Shin Jean (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 19, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Capnocytophaga sputigena pneumonia and bacteremia in a patient with diabetes and gastric cancer
Publication date: Available online 19 December 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Shih-Hao Lo, Yung-Yun Chang, Ya-Ting Jao, Wen-Hung Wang, Po-Liang Lu, Yen-Hsu Chen (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 19, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Genetic analysis of virulence and antimicrobial-resistant plasmid pOU7519 in Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis
Conclusion The deletion of both the int and att sties could likely block chimera excision, and result in an irreversible, stable pSCV50-pSC138 chimera. The emergence of conjugative virulence and antimicrobial-resistant plasmids in S. Choleraesuis could pose a threat to health public. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 15, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Role of Tubulointerstitial Lesions in Predicting Renal Outcome among Pediatric onset Lupus Nephritis – A Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusion Tubulointerstitial abnormalities were found in nearly one-third of all pediatric LN cases. With its importance in early identifying those at risk of renal failure, histologic classification considering tubulointerstitial lesions may potentially assist outcome prediction. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 15, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Genetic diversity of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis East African –Indian family in three tropical Asian countries
Conclusion This study identified evolutionary relationships among MTB EAI isolates from Taiwan and those of two other tropical Asian countries, Cambodia and Singapore. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 13, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Activity of levofloxacin in combination with colistin against Acinetobacter baumannii: In  vitro and in a Galleria mellonella model
Conclusion In summary, a synergistic or additive effect between CST and LVX was observed in vitro and in vivo against CST-susceptible A. baumannii strains, although not against CST-resistant ones. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 13, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Influenza virus infections from 0 to 2 years of age: A birth cohort study
Conclusion The yearly incidence of seasonal influenza was 5% in this cohort of very young children with variable influenza vaccine coverage. Adjuvanted vaccine against the pandemic influenza was highly effective. Both seasonal and pandemic influenza cases were mostly non-severe. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 8, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

National bundle care program implementation to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care units in Taiwan
Conclusions Implementing VAP bundle care has effectively reduced VAP in Taiwanese ICUs, but differences in performance and compliance rates of VAP bundle care among the different ICUs and hospital categories did exist. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - December 2, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Update on fosfomycin-modified genes in Enterobacteriaceae
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Tsung-Ying Yang, Po-Liang Lu, Sung-Pin Tseng The long-used antibiotic fosfomycin has recently been re-evaluated as a potential regimen for treating extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). Fosfomycin is known for its robust bactericidal effect against ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae and CRE. However, fosfomycin-modified genes have been reported in transposon elements and conjugative plasmids, resulting in fosfomycin resistance in parts of East Asia....
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 22, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Metabolic reprogramming of hydrogenosomal amino acids in Trichomonas vaginalis under glucose restriction
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Kuo-Yang Huang, Seow-Chin Ong, Chih-Ching Wu, Chia-Wei Hsu, Hsin-Chung Lin, Yi-Kai Fang, Wei-Hung Cheng, Po-Jung Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Petrus Tang Background Glucose is the major energy source that is converted to pyruvate for ATP generation in the trichomonad hydrogenosome. Under glucose restriction (GR), the regulation of amino acids metabolism is crucial for trichomonad growth and survival. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis has been used to identify differentially expressed genes in Trichomonas vagi...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 22, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Detection of Circulating IgG Autoantibody to Fc εRIα in Sera from Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria Patients
Conclusion These findings sugggest that circulating IgG autoantibody to FcεRIα in a subset of patients may be involved in the autoimmune mechanism of CSU. Further studies are needed to clarify its clinical significance. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 15, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Streptococcus pyogenes nuclease A (SpnA) mediated virulence does not exclusively depend on nuclease activity
Conclusion Our results show that abolishing the enzymatic activity of SpnA only partially reduces virulence suggesting that SpnA has an additional virulence function, which might be located on the N-terminal domain. Furthermore, cell wall-anchoring of SpnA results in higher virulence compared to secreted SpnA, probably due to a higher local density of the enzyme. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 14, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Implementation and outcomes of hospital-wide computerized antimicrobial approval system and on-the-spot education in a traumatic intensive care unit in Taiwan
Conclusion Implementation of HCAAS and long-term on-the-spot education by full-time ID physician can reduce antimicrobial consumption, cost, and improve inappropriate antibiotic usage whilst not compromising healthcare quality. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 12, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of Bruker Biotyper and Vitek MS for the identification of Candida tropicalis on different solid culture media
Conclusion Clinical microbiologists should be aware that different culture media can affect the performance of the Bruker Biotyper MALDI-TOF MS and Vitek MS systems in identifying C. tropicalis. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 12, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The importance of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization –time of flight mass spectrometry for correct identification of Clostridium difficile isolated from chromID C. difficile chromogenic agar
Publication date: October 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, Volume 50, Issue 5 Author(s): Jonathan H.K. Chen, Vincent C.C. Cheng, Oi-Ying Wong, Sally C.Y. Wong, Simon Y.C. So, Wing-Cheong Yam, Kwok-Yung Yuen The clinical workflow of using chromogenic agar and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-fight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for Clostridium difficile identification was evaluated. The addition of MALDI-TOF MS identification after the chromID C. difficile chromogenic agar culture could significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy of C. difficile. (Source: Journal of Micr...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of efficacy and safety of Lactobacillus rhamnosus in children aged 4 –48 months with atopic dermatitis: An 8-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study
Conclusions The results of this study indicated that L. rhamnosus was effective in decreasing symptoms of atopic dermatitis after an 8-week treatment by comparing the mean change of SCORAD from baseline with a placebo (p < 0.05). The reduction in SCORAD resulted from a consistent decrease in all components of SCORAD. Patients who took L. rhamnosus for 8 weeks expressed less SCORAD in the three components: area of affected skin, intensity of atopic dermatitis, and patient symptoms, with a significant decrease in the mean change of intensity from baseline compared with placebo. (Source: Journal of Micro...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The experience of intramuscular benzathine penicillin for prophylaxis of recurrent cellulitis: A cohort study
Conclusion Intramuscular benzathine penicillin at a 4-week interval may be an effective prophylactic strategy to reduce the incidence of cellulitis. Further studies are necessary to determine the factors associated with failure of prophylaxis as well as optimal individualized dosage and dosing interval of the prophylactic agent. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Kidney dysfunction associated with tenofovir exposure in human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected Taiwanese patients
Conclusion Among HIV-infected Taiwanese patients, cART exposure correlated with the decline of renal function. However, TDF-exposed patients are more likely to have prominent eGFR decline, especially those with higher baseline eGFR, advanced HIV disease, and diabetes. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium bacteremia
Conclusion Higher disease severity and inappropriate treatment were associated with increased mortality and longer treatment duration of linezolid or daptomycin was associated with microbial eradication for the patient with VRE-fm bacteremia. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Pediculus capitis in schoolchildren in Battambang, Cambodia
Conclusion Primary school children in Cambodia have a high P. capitis infection rate and thus require effective treatment and prevention measures to treat symptoms and lower the infection rate. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Serotype distribution and clinical correlation of Streptococcus agalactiae causing invasive disease in infants and children in Taiwan
Conclusion In Taiwan, serotypes Ia and III are the most common cause for early-onset and late-onset neonatal GBS infections, respectively. Some differences in the clinical features of invasive GBS infections caused by serotype Ia and III were observed. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Early prosthetic joint infection due to Ureaplasma urealyticum: Benefit of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis for diagnosis
We report a case of early PJI due to Ureaplasma urealyticum, diagnosed by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, which highlights the interest of molecular methods if fastidious bacteria are involved in PJI. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Discrimination of culture negative pyelonephritis in children with suspected febrile urinary tract infection and negative urine culture results
Conclusion We conclude that the combination of CRP or WBC and uNa/K are useful for discriminating children with CNP from children with suspected fUTI and negative urine culture results. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Implementation of a national bundle care program to reduce central line-associated bloodstream infections in intensive care units in Taiwan
Conclusions Implementing a multidimensional central-line bundle significantly reduced the rates of CLABSI by 12.2% in nearly all participating ICUs, except surgical ICUs. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Purulent pericarditis complicating cardiac tamponade in a uremic patient caused by Staphylococcus aureus
Publication date: Available online 26 October 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Weng-Chio Tam, Wen-Sen Lee, Chung-Yi Cheng (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Risk-Stratified Management Strategies for HBV Reactivation in RA Patients Receiving Biological and Targeted Therapy: A Narrative Review
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Yi-Ming Chen, Sheng-Shun Yang, Der-Yuan Chen It is estimated that more than two billion people around the world have been infected by Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Reactivation of HBV (rHBV) is a potentially fatal complication after biological therapy. With the increasing use of biologics and targeted therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who are refractory to conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, rHBV in those with past infection has become increasingly problematic, especially...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Successful treatment by fecal microbiota transplantation for Japanese patients with refractory Clostridium difficile infection: A prospective case series
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Shigeki Bamba, Atsushi Nishida, Hirotsugu Imaeda, Osamu Inatomi, Masaya Sasaki, Mitsushige Sugimoto, Akira Andoh We prospectively enrolled four Japanese patients with refractory Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and were treated with a single fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). The average age of the patients was 83.7 years. All patients had a successful clinical course for up to 3 months without any adverse events. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - November 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Humoral Immunity to Mumps in a Highly Vaccinated Population in Taiwan
Conclusion The seropositivity to mumps was unexpectedly low in highly vaccinated generations, and with a significant geographical discrepancy in Taiwan, which may have been responsible for the sustained reports of mumps cases in Taiwan. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - October 8, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The impact of inoculum size on the activity of cefoperazone-sulbactam against multidrug resistant organisms
Conclusions Cefoperazone-sulbactam at a 1:1 ratio has greater in vitro activity against most multidrug resistant organisms than cefoperazone-sulbactam at a 2:1 ratio. Such combinations were not influenced by the inoculum size of ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae and could be a therapeutic option for treating severe infections. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - October 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Impact of Reduced Tigecycline Susceptibility on Clinical Outcomes of Acinetobacter Bacteremia
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2017 Source:Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection Author(s): Yea-Yuan Chang, Yuag-Meng Liu, Chang-Pan Liu, Shu-Chen Kuo, Te-Li Chen The higher 14-day mortality rate for patients with Acinetobacter bacteremia receiving tigecycline appropriately compared to other appropriate antibiotics (36.4% versus 14.2%, P=0.028) was due to the poor effect of tigecycline for isolates with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 2 μg/mL (63.6% of 11 versus 14.2% of 127, P=0.001). (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - October 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Pediatric Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease: a Clinicopathologic Study and the Therapeutic Effects of Hydroxychloroquine
Conclusion KFD should be suspected in children with febrile cervical lymphadenopathy, especially when concomitant with leukopenia and monocytosis. Lymphopenia, monocytosis, thrombocytopenia and necrotizing type in histopathology are reliable predictors for prolonged fever. Hydroxychloroquine may be an alternative choice to corticosteroids for its favorable effects and safety. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 30, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Community-acquired Legionnaires' disease at a medical center in northern Taiwan
Conclusion Legionnaires' disease in Taiwan frequently present with extrapulmonary manifestations. Patients with hemodynamic instability that need vasopressor therapy associated with mortality. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Invasive pneumococcal pneumonia caused by 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine types in children with different schedules
Conclusion After adjustment for confounding factors, the risk of vaccine-type IPP was significantly higher among children receiving vaccines on a not-age-appropriate schedule, or on a primary infant schedule, compared with children receiving vaccines on a toddler catch-up schedule. Duration of vaccine immunity should be investigated to direct strategies for maintaining individual and population immunity against pneumococcal disease. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The Epidemiology of Non-Typhoidal Salmonella Gastroenteritis and Campylobacter Gastroenteritis in Pediatric Inpatients in Northern Taiwan
Conclusion Campylobacter gastroenteritis is associated with older age and male sex, while NTS gastroenteritis is associated with moderate to severe dehydration and bacteremia. Salmonella serogroup C2 infection has the highest risk of bacteremia. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Clinical significance of human cytomegalovirus viruria and the effect of antiviral therapy in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
Conclusion Antiviral therapy for asymptomatic CMV viruria is not associated with a clear clinical benefit in HSCT recipients. Further studies may be needed to identify if specific patient populations may benefit from antiviral therapy in CMV viruria. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 24, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of an Ultraviolet-C Disinfection System for Reduction of Healthcare-associated Pathogens
Conclusions UV-C disinfection system was effective in killing MDR pathogens. Further study is warranted to confirm its effectiveness as an adjunctive method in disinfecting hospital environment. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 19, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae in Otitis Media in Taiwanese Children
Conclusions NTHi OM has trended upward in the post-PCV era. Concurrent sinusitis, previous ventilation tube insertion, and recurrent OM were associated with NTHi OM implicated a correlation between NTHi and complex OM. In consideration of NTHi infection, we suggest amoxicillin/clavulanate as the first-line therapy for OM among Taiwanese children. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 19, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Community-acquired Legionnaires ’ disease at a medical center in northern Taiwan
CONCLUSION Legionnaires’ disease in Taiwan frequently present with extrapulmonary manifestations. Patients with hemodynamic unstable that need vasopressor therapy associated with mortality. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 19, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The prevention of coronary arterial abnormalities in Kawasaki disease: A  meta-analysis of the corticosteroid effectiveness
Conclusions We demonstrated an overall reduction in incidence of coronary artery lesions with the use of corticosteroid as initial and adjuvant treatment for Kawasaki disease. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 16, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Clinical manifestations, risk factors and prognosis of patients with Morganella morganii sepsis
Conclusions: Patients with M. morganii sepsis had more co-morbidities and a worse degree of sepsis. There is an increased risk of inappropriate empirical treatment, longer hospitalization and higher death rate. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - September 7, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research