Sudden Complex Hallucinations in a 14-Year-Old Girl: Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders versus Dissociative Disorders-The Influence of Early Life Experiences on Future Mental Health: Retraction
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: RETRACTION Source Type: research

Abrupt and Severe Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in an 11-Year-Old Girl-PANDAS/PANS Syndrome: An Entity to be Considered-Management Implications: Retraction
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: RETRACTION Source Type: research

Moving Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Toward Antiracist Practice
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Health and the Role of Routine Pediatric Care in a Medically Complex Toddler
CASE: Late on a Friday afternoon, a new family presents to your practice for urgent care. They come with their youngest child Mai, a 2-year-old girl, who, although born in the United States at 36 weeks gestation, has resided in Laos with her grandparents for the past 16 months. Your triage nurse tells you that she has a fever and was found to have profound anemia while at the WIC (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) office earlier today. On walking into the room, you describe Mai as “listless” and “sickly.” Her vitals were notable for fever (102°F), tachyc...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Outcome After Concussion: A Systematic Review
Conclusion: There is not a clear association between ADHD and worse clinical outcome from concussion. However, eligible studies had limitations in research design, and nearly all studies were underpowered and evaluated the association between ADHD and concussion outcome as a secondary focus rather than the primary research question, precluding definitive conclusions. The association between ADHD and clinical outcomes remains unclear, and future research specifically examining ADHD and concussion recovery is needed. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Efficacy of Guanfacine Extended Release in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder
ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess the efficacy of the non-stimulant guanfacine extended release (GXR) on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children and adolescents, with and without comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Methods: Data were derived from 4 phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of dose-optimized GXR monotherapy, in which at least 10% of participants had a diagnosis of comorbid ODD. SPD503-312 and SPD503-316 were 10- to 13-week studies of GXR (1–7 mg/d). SPD503-314 and SPD503-307 were 8-week studies of GXR (1–4 mg/d). Efficacy was assessed using the ADH...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

A Case for Early Screening: Prenatal Alcohol Risk Exposure Predicts Risk for Early Childhood Communication Delays
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that screening for PAR in expectant mothers may identify a group of young children at increased risk for communication delays. This research carries clinical implications and provides support for PAR screening in informing early childhood developmental screening efforts. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Parental Expectations Are Associated with Children's Sleep Duration and Sleep Hygiene Habits
Conclusion: Parental sleep expectations were directly linked to children's sleep duration. Pediatricians and primary care providers can mobilize knowledge to optimally convey accurate information about developmental sleep needs and recommended hours to parents to promote longer sleep. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Perspectives on Sleep from Multiethnic Community Parents, Pediatric Providers, and Childcare Providers
Conclusion: Sleep is a topic of interest and importance for young families. There are unique family challenges to be considered in any sleep health promotion program tailored to the needs of the community. The voices of parents and community providers are valuable assets informing the development of novel family-friendly approaches for decreasing sleep disparities and improving the health of young children and families. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Reliability of the Quality of Life Inventory-Disability Measure in Children with Intellectual Disability
Conclusion: Satisfactory test-retest reliability was shown. Preliminary evidence indicates that QI-Disability is responsive to changes in child health, but not to differing levels of parental stress. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Exposure to Parental Depressive Symptoms: A Longitudinal Analysis on the Association with Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms and Adjustment Problems
ABSTRACT: Objective: Parental depressive symptoms have been associated with depressive symptoms and adjustment problems in adolescents. However, longitudinal studies assessing both mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms over time and their association with adolescents' outcomes are sparse. Methods: Data were obtained from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. A total of 1364 children and families were followed from the child's birth until the age of 15 years. Adolescents' depressive symptoms were evaluated via self-reported questionnaire at ages 11 to 15 years. Adjustment problems at 15 years of ag...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Wandering by Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Impact of Electronic Tracking Devices on Elopement Behavior and Quality of Life
This study aimed to assess, in a sample of children with ASD aged 4 to 18 years who had previously wandered, whether electronic tracking device (ETD) use is associated with changes in the elopement behavior and household quality of life (QOL). Methods: An anonymous, online questionnaire assessing elopement interventions, elopement behavior, household QOL, attitudes toward ETDs, and sociodemographics was distributed via US autism-related organizations to caregivers of children with ASD. Differences in retrospective estimates of elopement behavior and household QOL before ETD use and during ETD use were evaluated using Wi...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Racism, Discrimination, and Biomedical Research: The Role of the Academic Journal in Transforming Health Care
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Supporting the Mental Health of Parents and Children During and After Coronovirus
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Reflections on Children with Developmental and Behavioral Challenges Who Are Thriving While Sheltering in Place
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

What Can I Do? A Call for Pediatric Providers to Engage in Antiracism and Social Justice for the Health of Their Patients
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Wake Up. Get Woke. Stay Woke!
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - September 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

A Response to the “Challenging Cases” Article, “Questioning a Previous Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis: Can You ‘Lose’ the Diagnosis?”
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Beyond Developmental Supports for a Child Refugee
CASE: Zahid is a 10-year-old boy who moved to the United States 18 months ago with his parents and 3 younger siblings. He and his family are refugees from Syria. Zahid was born in Syria after an uncomplicated pregnancy and delivery. Zahid's parents first became concerned about Zahid's development when he was 9 months old because he had not started cooing or babbling and did not respond to his name. At 3 years, a doctor in Syria expressed concern that Zahid may have autism spectrum disorder; however, his parents did not know what symptoms triggered the concern and believed his behavior was because of his ongoing exposure ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Recent Pediatric Down Syndrome Neuropsychology Literature: Considerations for Regression Assessment and Monitoring
Conclusion: Findings argued against a single “DS profile” and revealed multiple within-group differences as well as expected and unexpected differences relative to typically developing children and children with other intellectual and developmental disabilities. Areas identified as most germane to regression monitoring included working memory, inhibition, letter and word identification, navigational route learning, motor skills (when strong at baseline), single word receptive/expressive vocabulary, and adaptive function. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Children and Youth with Complex Cerebral Palsy: Care and Management
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

An Exploration of Health Behaviors in a Mind-Body Resilience Intervention for Parents of Children with Developmental Disabilities
Conclusion: Parents of children with special needs who participated in a virtual resilience intervention demonstrated suboptimal health behaviors. There is a need for targeted interventions for health behaviors that can promote resilience in these high-stress populations. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Early Development of Infants with Turner Syndrome
ABSTRACT: Objective: To examine the early cognitive, temperament, and adaptive functioning of infants and toddlers with Turner syndrome (TS). Methods: Cognitive abilities were measured using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning at 1 year of age for 31 girls with TS and compared with neurotypical female (N = 53) and male (N = 54) control groups. Temperament (Carey Toddler Temperament Scales) and adaptive functioning (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales–Second Edition) were measured at 1 year of age and compared with normative data. An exploratory analysis of cognitive/developmental trajectories was also conducted ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Role of Executive and General Cognitive Functioning in the Attention Problems of Very and Extremely Preterm Adults
ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine whether the attention problems in adults born very preterm/very low birth weight (VP/VLBW; (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Early Intervention Referral and Enrollment Among Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Beyond Early Adversity: The Role of Parenting in Infant Physical Health
Conclusion: Even in the absence of adversity, quality of maternal care may have implications for the development of physical health, beginning as early as the first year of life. That such findings emerge in a low-risk sample helps rule out potential confounders and underscores the importance of parenting for physical and psychological health outcomes. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Patterns and Outcomes of Diagnosis Disclosure to Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Conclusion: Given the numerous potential benefits of diagnosis disclosure, there is a need for physicians and other professionals to support parents in educating youth with ASD about their diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

More than a View: School Landscape Features Are Associated with Improved Student Adjustment
Conclusion: Increased impervious surfaces around schools in metropolitan areas were related to increased student externalizing behaviors. Further studies are necessary to understand the significance of the built environment, types of greenery, impact of greenery on student adjustment in nonmetropolitan settings, and varying areas surrounding schools. These results could inform initiatives to improve school landscapes. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Nonclinical Factors in Autism Diagnosis: Results From a National Health Care Provider Survey
Conclusion: Providers report moderate rates of ASD misdiagnosis and perceive differences in diagnostic preferences according to family characteristics. The study results may help explain the trends and disparities in ASD diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

ECHO Autism: Integrating Maintenance of Certification with Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes Improves Developmental Screening
Conclusion: Maintenance of Certification Part 4 training delivered through the ECHO Autism QI Learning Network was found to be incentivizing and highly effective in shaping and maintaining PCP developmental screening practices. Improved screening rates show promise in decreasing time to critical developmental evaluations, interventions, and resources. Our methodology is likely transferable to other ECHO communities and may facilitate expedient implementation of best practice standards in primary care. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Envisioning an Inclusive, Antiracist Society: How Do We Raise America's Children as the Next Generation of Antiracists?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - July 31, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

The Grandfamily Guidebook: Wisdom and Support for Grandparents Raising Grandchildren
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Journal Article Reviews
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Journal Article Reviews Source Type: research

Abrupt and Severe Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in an 11-Year-Old Girl—PANDAS/PANS Syndrome: An Entity to be Considered—Management Implications
CASE: An 11-year-old preadolescent girl was taken to the pediatric emergency room by her parents because of emotional overload. Her clinical history started 3 weeks before the visit, coinciding with a self-limited gastrointestinal infection affecting the whole family. Her obsessive behavior first appeared in the school setting; she tried to write perfectly, needing to make repeated corrections and ripping out multiple sheets from her notebooks when she made mistakes. She quickly developed new obsessions in diverse areas that progressively took over her life. When crossing the street, she initially avoided stepping on th...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research

Scurvy as a Sequela of Avoidant-Restrictive Food Intake Disorder in Autism: A Systematic Review
Conclusions: Symptoms of scurvy mimic other pediatric conditions (e.g., cancer). The range of diagnostic testing increased costs and healthcare risks (radiation, sedation) and delayed the diagnosis of scurvy. In children with ASD and severe food selectivity, a nutrition evaluation and laboratory testing are warranted before a more elaborate testing. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental Characterization of Young Children Diagnosed with Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1
Conclusion: Although neurological symptoms may not prompt the genetic diagnosis of NPC1, the current findings support the use of a multimethod approach to repeated assessments for young children with the diagnosis because of the frequency of developmental delays or decline in multiple domains. The diagnosis of NPC1 alone should qualify children for evaluation for early intervention services and consideration of investigational therapeutic interventions. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Parental Use of “Cry Out” in a Community Sample During the First Year of Infant Life
Conclusion: When used selectively and in response to the specific needs and characteristics of the infant, delayed responsiveness may reduce problematic behavior and does not harm the infant's socioemotional development. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Problematic Child Mealtime Behavior and Caregiver Mobile Phone Use
Conclusion: A positive correlation existed between MPPUS-10 and PMB. Understanding the potential association between caregiver mobile phone problematic use and child PMB strengthens the pediatricians' ability to counsel about the implications of caregiver mobile phone problematic use when discussing child PMB. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Parental Perceptions About Alcohol Use for Their Adolescent with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Conclusion: Many parents of adolescents with ADHD do not understand the unique risks of alcohol use for their adolescents. In addition, if alcohol use harm is not obvious, parents may not perceive there to be concerns about alcohol use on functioning. Parental education about alcohol use and ADHD is needed. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Assessing the Healthy People 2020 Objective to Expand Early Treatment Receipt Among a National Sample of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Conclusion: Research with larger samples is needed to continue tracking progress. If the goal continues not to be met, work will be required to explain stagnation and to inform additional targeted efforts to reduce the age of initial treatment. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Subtle Motor Signs as a Biomarker for Mindful Movement Intervention in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Conclusion: The results suggest the effectiveness of a mindful movement treatment on ADHD symptoms and suggest the PANESS as a candidate motor biomarker for future mindful movement trials. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02234557, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02234557. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Colocated Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics in Primary Care: Improved Outcome Across Settings
Conclusion: Colocation of a DBP pediatrician in an FQHC primary care pediatrics program decreased time to first developmental assessment and referral for early intervention services for an at-risk, low-income patient population. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

When Life is Put on Hold, How Do We Hold on to Life? Challenges and Opportunities in Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics During COVID-19
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Applying Harm Reduction Principles to Address Screen Time in Young Children Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - June 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Journal Article Reviews: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - May 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Parent and Provider Perspectives on the Diagnosis and Management of Autism in a Chinese Immigrant Population: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - May 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Questioning a Previous Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis: Can You “Lose” the Diagnosis?
CASE: Heidi is an almost 6-year-old girl presenting to your primary care office to establish care because of a change in insurance status. You review her previous medical records before seeing her. She was diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) when she was 25 months old. Her parents were initially concerned about language delay. Through a comprehensive evaluation by a developmental-behavioral pediatrician and a child psychologist, including administration of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, she was diagnosed with ASD. Her cognitive skills were re...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - May 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses: Motor Skill Interventions to Improve Fine Motor Development in Children Aged Birth to 6 Years
Conclusion: Fine motor skill development in the early years is an extensive upcoming field of interest for many international researchers. This review study presents evidence on the positive effects of intervention programs that aim to enhance fine motor skills for young children. The findings are promising but need to be interpreted with caution because of the high risk of bias in many of the studies. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - May 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Strategic Principles to Inform Workforce Development in Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - May 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Cranial Ultrasound and Minor Motor Abnormalities at 2 Years in Extremely Low Gestational Age Infants
The objectives of this study are to determine whether abnormalities on neonatal cranial ultrasound (CUS) are associated with minor motor abnormalities at 2 years' corrected age (CA) and to assess functional outcomes and resource utilization among children with minor motor abnormalities. Methods: Infants born at (Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - May 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research