Experts by Experience: Peer Support and its Use with the Homeless.
Abstract The homeless population has complex needs. Peers with experience of homelessness offer unique perspectives in supporting those experiencing homelessness. Peer support fostered and developed by professional organisations, termed intentional peer support (IPS), formalises this process. This review aims to assess the effectiveness of IPS as an intervention with young adults and adult homeless persons (including streetdwelling and those within services). PyscINFO, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and CINAHL were searched, resulting in ten studies, involving 1,829 participants. Peer support has significant impacts on ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barker SL, Maguire N Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Mixed Methods Investigation of the Experience of Poverty Among a Population of Low-Income Parenting Women.
This study sought to operationalize poverty in the context of parenting specific to a sample of low-income mothers; to examine how mothers describe sources of stress related to poverty; and to explore how these experiences affect mothers' parenting practices. Mothers trained in research methods administered surveys to other mothers in community settings assessing parenting stressors, mental wellbeing, basic needs, and goals. Women reported difficulty obtaining basic needs. Qualitatively, women described financial hardship, housing, employment status, and transportation as sources of stress, which influenced their parenting...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lange BC, Dáu AL, Goldblum J, Alfano J, Smith MV Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Association Between Resilience and Quality of life in Wenchuan Earthquake Shidu parents: The Mediating Role of Social Support.
Abstract Of the Wenchuan earthquake victims, there was a special group who lost their only child, known as the Shidu parents. The purpose of this paper is to examine social support as a moderator between resilience and quality of life (QOL) in Shidu parents. A cross-sectional sample survey was conducted to collect data from 22 earthquake-stricken counties in Sichuan province. Of the Shidu parents from the Wenchuan earthquake, being of Han ethnicity, receiving a high monthly income, having a high education, having lost a younger child (18-27), and having lost a male child were all risk factors for a lower QOL (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wang Z, Xu J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Post-traumatic Stress and Trauma-Related Subjective Distress: Comparisons Among Hispanics, African-Americans, and Whites with Severe Mental Illness.
Abstract We tested the hypothesis with a sample of community mental health clients (N = 132) that Hispanic clients would report significantly greater post-traumatic stress symptoms than African-American or white clients when controlling for gender, psychiatric symptoms of SMI, and subjective distress from six of the most commonly reported trauma in the SMI literature. Results supported our main hypothesis: being self-identified as Hispanic was significantly associated with greater post-traumatic stress symptoms. Subjective distress from having been sexually abused along with being "Hispanic"...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: O'Hare T, Shen C, Sherrer MV Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Characteristics, Complications, and Treatment.
Abstract Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) includes a continuum of disorders that occur in children as a result of their mothers' consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. The most severe of these disorders is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). FASD presents differently in every child, but all children with FASD have intellectual and/or behavioral impairments. There is no cure for FASD, but research shows that early intervention and life-long support help those born with FASD to manage the difficulties that come with it. This paper examines the characteristics, complications, and treatment for FASD. PMID: 281...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wilhoit LF, Scott DA, Simecka BA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Correlates and Predictors of Well-being in Montreal.
This study underscores the importance of testing a multidimensional model accounting for a spectrum of relevant variables relating to WB. PMID: 28160126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Moulin F, Keyes C, Liu A, Caron J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
'I Got it off my Chest': An Examination of how Research Participation Improved the Mental Health of Women Engaging in Transactional Sex.
This study demonstrates there are direct benefits associated with participation in an EMA and interview study. PMID: 28155031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Felsher M, Wiehe SE, Gunn JK, Roth AM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Relationship Between Perceived Family Support and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence: What is the Moderating Role of Coping Strategies and Gender?
This study examined the moderating role of gender and coping strategies in the relationship between perceived family support, self-esteem and depressive symptoms. Data were used from the My World Survey Second Level (MWS-SL), a national survey of mental health among 6062 young people aged 12-19 years. Conditional process analyses indicated that planned coping moderated the relationship between perceived family support and depressive symptoms for those engaging in low-moderate levels but not high levels of planned coping, and this moderating role was stronger for females than males. Avoidance coping was a moderator for thos...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hickey E, Fitzgerald A, Dooley B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Impact of Criminal Justice Involvement and Housing Outcomes Among Homeless Persons with Co-occurring Disorders.
Abstract The relationship between criminal justice involvement and housing among homeless persons with co-occurring disorders was examined. Program participants assisted in moving to stable housing were interviewed at baseline, six months, and discharge. Those who remained homeless at follow-up and discharge had significantly more time in jail in the past month than those who were housed. However, criminal justice involvement was not significantly related to housing status at the six month follow-up or discharge. Findings suggest that housing people with complex behavioral health issues reduces the likelihood of f...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mitchell JN, Clark C, Guenther CC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Adapting and Validating the Family Resilience Assessment Scale in an Afrikaans Rural Community in South Africa.
Abstract A family resilience framework understands families as having the potential to not only face adversities but to overcome them; although its measurement is not always agreed upon. The aim of this study is to explain the processes involved in the adaptation of the 54-item family resilience assessment scale into Afrikaans, and to further examine its psychometric properties. Data were collected via the door-to-door method with the assistance of fieldworkers in two rounds. The pilot sample included 82 participants whilst the larger study included 656 participants. The internal consistency and construct validity...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Isaacs SA, Roman NV, Savahl S, Sui XC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
What is the Lived Experience of Being Discharged From a Psychiatric Inpatient Stay?
This article aimed to understand the lived experience of being discharged from a psychiatric unit. Eight participants were interviewed to explore their experiences of discharge. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyse data. Four superordinate themes emerged: leaving hospital; the outside world; the journey to health; and self-identity/beliefs. Clinical implications and suggestions for further research are discussed. PMID: 28150079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Redding A, Maguire N, Johnson G, Maguire T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Predictors of Mental Health Treatment Seeking and Engagement in a Community Mental Health Center.
This study examined predictors of mental health treatment engagement and dropout in a sample of 90 African American individuals presenting for treatment at a community mental health treatment facility in Atlanta, Georgia. Having an alcohol use disorder was associated with being less likely to attend mental health follow up (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.12-0.88). Among African American individuals with alcohol use disorders, specific, targeted interventions may be necessary to help reach individuals that are at extremely high risk of poor health and poor adherence to treatment. PMID: 28150080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shim RS, Compton MT, Zhang S, Roberts K, Rust G, Druss BG Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Besides Depression, Number of Physiological Diseases is More Important than Physical Function on Mental Health of Elderly Adults in Taiwan.
This study contrasted the relative importance between the number of physiological diseases and activities of daily living (ADLs) to the mental health of elderly adults after controlling for mini-mental state exam (MMSE) scores and depression. Participants were 1342 elderly people with a mean age of 73.22 years and living in three communities in southern Taiwan. Age, gender, years of education duration, marital status, and MMSE and hamilton depression rating scale (HAMD) scores were control variables. The ability of the ADLs scale scores and number of physiological diseases to predict mental health, as measured by the 12-it...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Li RH, Wu YY, Tsang HY Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Effects of Psychoeducation on the Expressed Emotion and Family Functioning of the Family Members in First-Episode Schizophrenia.
This study has a quasi-experimental design with a control group. The sample of the study was 60 family members (30 experimental -30 control) of the patients with first-episode schizophrenia. The experimental group received 9 weeks of psychoeducation as a group. EE and family functioning were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the psychoeducation program. EE criticism/hostility and over involvement-protecting-intervention levels of the family members have decreased at the end of the psychoeducation (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Öksüz E, Karaca S, Özaltın G, Ateş MA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mental Health and Pain in Older Adults: Findings from Urban HEART-2.
This study aims to investigate the relationship between mental health and pain in older adults of Tehran, Iran. This was a cross-sectional study using data on 5326 older adults aged ≥60 years old from a large population-based survey (Urban HEART-2). A multistage cluster random sampling method was used to select the participants in Tehran, Iran, in 2011. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), pain questionnaire, and socioeconomic questionnaires were used to collect the data. A total of 5326 older adults, 3811 (71.6%) married and 2797 (52.5%) female, were included into the study. The mean age of the participan...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rashedi V, Asadi-Lari M, Foroughan M, Delbari A, Fadayevatan R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Clinical Factors Associated with Successful Discharge from Assertive Community Treatment.
Abstract We sought to explore clinical factors associated with successful transition from Assertive Community Treatment to less intensive clinical services. Mixed-method observational follow up study of veterans discharged from three VA-affiliated ACT teams to less intensive clinical services. Of the 240 veterans in ACT, 9% (n = 21) were discharged during the study period. Among the 11 of 21 discharged veterans who enrolled in the follow up study, reason for discharge, designated by the veteran's primary clinician at the time of discharge, predicted outcomes (p = 0.02) at 9 months,...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bromley E, Mikesell L, Whelan F, Hellemann G, Hunt M, Cuddeback G, Bradford DW, Young AS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Quality of Life Among People with Psychiatric Disabilities: Does Day Centre Attendance Make a Difference?
Abstract The purpose was to investigate (i) how people with psychiatric disabilities who attend day centres experience their quality of life (QoL) compared to non-attendees, (ii) differences in QoL between those who attend meeting place-oriented centres and those who attend work-oriented centres, (iii) possible correlates of QoL among day centre attendees. Ninety-three day centre attendees and 82 non-attendees completed questionnaires addressing QoL and selected correlates. No group difference was found regarding QoL. Factors related with a good QoL were high levels of self-mastery and motivation. Thus, promoting ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 19, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elisabeth A, Carina T, Mona E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Qualitative Exploration of Clinician Views and Experiences of Treatment Decision-Making in Bipolar II Disorder.
This study qualitatively explored clinicians' views and experiences of treatment decision-making in BPII. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 practising clinicians (n = 10 clinical psychologists, n = 6 GPs, n = 4 psychiatrists) with experience in treating adult outpatients with BPII. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed using framework methods. Professional experience, and preferences for patient involvement in decision-making were also assessed. Qualitative analyses yielded four inter-related themes: (1) (non-)acceptance of diagn...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 19, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fisher A, Manicavasagar V, Sharpe L, Laidsaar-Powell R, Juraskova I Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Service Users' Perceptions of an Outreach Wellbeing Service: A Social Enterprise for Promoting Mental Health.
This study aimed to present an insight into service users' perceptions of an outreach Wellbeing Service (WBS), providing psychological therapy in social settings. Descriptive and thematic analysis was undertaken of 50 returned surveys. Comparison of initial and final mental health measures demonstrated a significant improvement in all outcomes with 96% of participants reporting being helped by attending. Participants were assisted to rebuild social connections in a safe and supportive environment and were facilitated to become more self-determining as their resourcefulness to self-manage was cultivated. Situated within dif...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hartley SE Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Reduction of Burnout in Mental Health Care Providers Using the Provider Resilience Mobile Application.
Abstract This pilot study examined the usability, acceptability, and effectiveness of a free Provider Resilience (PR) mobile application (app) designed by the National Center for Telehealth and Technology to reduce provider burnout. Outpatient mental health providers (N = 30) used the PR app for 1 month. Participants rated the PR app on the System Usability Scale with an overall score of 79.7, which is in the top quartile for usability. Results of paired sample t tests on the Professional Quality of Life Scale indicated significant decreases on the Burnout (t = 3.65, p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wood AE, Prins A, Bush NE, Hsia JF, Bourn LE, Earley MD, Walser RD, Ruzek J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Youth Views on Communication About ADHD and Medication Adherence.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine youth perceptions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) communication with their pediatric providers, their reported adherence to their ADHD medications, and their desired location for an ADHD educational program. Youth ages 7 through 17 with an ADHD diagnosis were recruited. A research associate interviewed the youth. Parents completed demographic questionnaires. Seventy families participated. One-third of the youth wanted more discussion about ADHD with their providers during visits. The average youth had over eight questions about ADHD and its treat...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sleath B, Carpenter DM, Sayner R, Thomas K, Mann L, Sage A, Sulzer SH, Sandler AD Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Evaluating the Impact of an Anti-stigma Intervention on Pharmacy Students' Willingness to Counsel People Living with Mental Illness.
Abstract Third-year pharmacy students (n = 88) participated in an anti-stigma intervention program consisting of presentations, videos, discussion and active-learning exercises. Willingness to counsel (WTC) people with mental illness (MI) was evaluated using immediate pre and post-tests comparing diabetes, depression and schizophrenia. At pre-test, WTC diabetes was highest (higher = increased WTC) while schizophrenia was the lowest. There were no statistically significant differences between pre/post-test WTC for diabetes and depression, while schizophrenia WTC increased significantly (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bamgbade BA, Barner JC, Ford KH Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Veteran Status, Sociodemographic Characteristics, and Healthcare Factors Associated with Visiting a Mental Health Professional.
Abstract Using data from a nationally representative study of the community-dwelling U.S. population, we estimated the percentage of male veterans who visited a mental health professional in the past year, compared it to an estimate from non-veteran males, and examined factors associated with visiting a mental health professional. We found that 10.5% of male veterans visited a mental health professional in the past year, compared to only 5.6% of male non-veterans. In the regression models, veteran status, sociodemographic factors, and healthcare utilization were independently associated with visiting a mental heal...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Frenk SM, Sautter JM, Woodring JV, Kramarow EA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Work Accommodations and Natural Supports for Employees with Severe Mental Illness in Social Businesses: An International Comparison.
vey C Abstract Little is known about the types of work accommodations and natural supports that are useful for people experiencing severe mental illness working in social businesses. We conducted an exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional investigation in Australia, Canada and Italy to study the nature of work accommodations and natural supports available in social businesses. Study findings are drawn from survey responses of a convenience sample of 90 employees with self-reported psychiatric disabilities. Results showed that, regardless of the country, social businesses provide many work accommodations and n...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Villotti P, Corbière M, Fossey E, Fraccaroli F, Lecomte T, Harvey C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Profile and Determinants of Disability in Psychotic Disorders in Nigeria.
Abstract We compared profile and predictors of disability among 210 patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar I disorder with psychosis and depression with psychosis, respectively in a Nigerian clinical population, using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule, (2.0). Severity of psychosis was determined with Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale, functioning was assessed using the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, medication adherence with the Medication Adherence Questionnaire. Analyses were by SPSS 20.0. There were remarkable differences in the predictors of disability across these psyc...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lasebikan VO, Ayinde O Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Brief Report: A Randomized Control Trial Assessing the Influence of a Telephone-based Intervention on Readmissions for Patients with Severe Mental Illness in a Developing Country.
Abstract Whilst comprehensive post-discharge interventions have been successful in reducing readmissions in our setting, they are possibly not sustainable due to limited resources. We assessed the impact of a more cost-effective telephone-based intervention on readmissions in a developing country over 12 months. 100 patients with severe mental illness were randomized to facilitated care or treatment as usual. All were interviewed prior to discharge and after 12 months. Facilitated care consisted of structured telephonic interviews and motivational support to patients and families. At 12 months no si...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Botha UA, Koen L, Mazinu M, Jordaan E, Niehaus DJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Smoking Cessation and Electronic Cigarettes in Community Mental Health Centers: Patient and Provider Perspectives.
This study highlights the need for interventions targeting different phases of smoking cessation in these patients suffering disproportionately from tobacco dependence. PMID: 27900650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chen LS, Baker T, Brownson RC, Carney RM, Jorenby D, Hartz S, Smock N, Johnson M, Ziedonis D, Bierut LJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Explanatory Models of Illness, Help Seeking Behaviours and Related Factors in Patients with Schizophrenia: A Comparative Study from Two Different Provinces of Turkey.
This study aims to identify the help seeking behaviours of patients from two geographically distinct provinces of Turkey. A questionnaire about sociodemographic characteristics and help seeking ways was applied to 49 schizophrenia patients from Van, 99 from Ankara. The ratio of patients seeking psychiatric help at the beginning of their illness was 76% in Ankara, the capital city, in contrast to 54% in Van (p = 0.01). Twenty-two percent of patients from Ankara and 69% from Van reported that non-psychiatric help seeking was the choice of their families (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yalvaç HD, Mutlu EA, Kotan Z, Özer İ, Karslıoğlu EH, Çayköylü A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mobile Based mhGAP-IG Depression Screening in Kenya.
Abstract We aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of depression using mobile based mental health Global Action Programme Intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) in remote health care settings where most priority mental health problems are managed by non-mental health specialists and evaluate the feasibility of the application. Adult patients were recruited from four rural public health facilities in Kenya using systematic random sampling and screened for depression. There were no missing items since the application prevented saving of data unless all the items were answered. The prevalence of depression was 25%...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Musyimi CW, Mutiso VN, Haji ZR, Nandoya ES, Ndetei DM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Qualitative Study of Clinicians Experience with Rating of the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale.
Abstract The severity of illness in psychiatry is rated using the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale. The GAF scale is often used in both research settings and in the clinic. The scale ranges from 1 to 100 and is subdivided into ten 10-point intervals, each with verbal rating instructions called anchor points and examples. GAF is an instrument that needs improvement. Studying clinicians' experiences with this rating system may be important for developing improvements. The aim of this study was to collect information from clinicians about their experiences with the GAF instrument, and to collect their ide...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aas IH, Sonesson O, Torp S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Developing Research Collaborations in an Academic Clinical Setting: Challenges and Lessons Learned.
This study describes an initiative to integrate research into a hospital-based outpatient psychiatric clinic within an academic medical center, focusing on collaborative processes across three research projects. We report on the varied outcomes of the projects and utilize data from two focus groups to identify the key elements that contributed to the challenges and successes. We identify barriers to practice-research collaborations that emerged even when the initial circumstances of the partnership were favorable. These barriers include the presence of varied agendas across clinicians and investigators, resource constraint...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sahs JA, Nicasio AV, Storey JE, Guarnaccia PJ, Lewis-Fernández R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Supporting of the Fathers to Visit Their Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Decreases Their Stress Level: A Pretest-Posttest Quasi-Experimental Study.
This study was conducted for the purpose of determining the effect of supporting and visiting infants in NICUs on stress levels of Turkish fathers. This was a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study. The population of the study consisted of 47 fathers who had their infants receiving treatment in NICU at a state hospital in the eastern Turkey and agreed to participate in the study. The data were collected by using "Father-Infant Introductory Information Form" and "Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, PSS:NICU". When comparing the PSS:NICU total mean scores of the fathers before and af...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kardaş Özdemir F, Küçük Alemdar D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Interactive Effect of Immigration-Related Factors with Legal and Discrimination Acculturative Stress in Predicting Depression Among Asian American Immigrants.
This study examined the impact of discrimination and legal acculturative stress on Major Depression Episode lifetime among Asian American immigrants. It further examined the role of immigration related-factors (age at immigration, reason for immigration, and years spent in the U.S.) on the relationship of acculturative stress and Major Depression Episode lifetime. The National Latino and Asian American Study 2002-2003 dataset was used. The study findings were: (1) high discrimination and legal acculturative stress were associated with Major Depression Episode lifetime; (2) age at immigration buffered the relationship of di...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 25, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Singh S, Schulz AJ, Neighbors HW, Griffith DM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Medical Co-morbidities Among Patients with Severe Mental Illnesses in a Community Health Facility in Nigeria.
Abstract To examine prevalence of medical comorbidity (MCM) in schizophrenia (n = 1310) and in bipolar disorder (n = 1307) and the association of high burden of MCM (≥3 MCM) with duration of untreated illness, number of episodes, functioning, poly-medication and lifetime hospitalization for the mental disorder. Participants were recruited from a private psychiatric facility in Ibadan, Nigeria between 2004 and 2013 and enquiry made about the lifetime occurrence of 20 common chronic diseases including common tropical diseases. Psychiatric diagnosis was made using the Structured Clinica...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 25, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lasebikan VO, Azegbeobor J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Predictors of Postpartum Depression in Partnered Mothers and Fathers from a Longitudinal Cohort.
Abstract Postpartum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern in new mothers and fathers. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of depression at 3 months postpartum, comparing depressed couples to couples with only one depressed partner or no depressed partner, using data from the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition study. Data from mothers and fathers were collected at second trimester and 3 months postpartum. Results showed predictors of PPD in mothers to be low household income, high prenatal depressive symptoms, and postnatally, low social support and higher number of stressf...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Leung BM, Letourneau NL, Giesbrecht GF, Ntanda H, Hart M, APrON Team Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Note from the Editor-in-Chief.
Authors: PMID: 27817121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Pilot Study Using Mixed GPS/Narrative Interview Methods to Understand Geospatial Behavior in Homeless Populations.
This study established methods and demonstrated feasibility for tracking homeless population travels. PMID: 27807686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: North CS, Wohlford SE, Dean DJ, Black M, Balfour ME, Petrovich JC, Downs DL, Pollio DE Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
OCD Taboo Thoughts and Stigmatizing Attitudes in Clinicians.
Abstract Individuals who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder have persistent intrusive thoughts that cause severe distress that impairs daily functioning. These individuals often conceal their intrusive thoughts and delay help-seeking for fear of being stigmatized. Stigma can be problematic when it is present among mental health professionals because they may distance themselves from their clients and have a negative outlook on treatment outcome. To date there has not been any research that focuses on stigma that clinician's may hold towards obsessive-compulsive disorder or specific obsessions; however, ther...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steinberg DS, Wetterneck CT Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Factors Supporting the Employment of Young Adults Peer Providers: Perspectives of Peers and Supervisors.
Abstract Peer providers are a promising practice for transition-age youth community mental health treatment engagement and support, yet little is known about the experience of being a young adult peer provider or what helps to make an individual in this role successful. Utilizing a capital theory lens, this study uses data from focus groups (two with young adult peer providers and two with their supervisors) to examine facilitators of young adult peer provider success in community mental health treatment settings. Eight factors were identified as critical to young adult peer provider on-the-job success: persistenc...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Delman J, Klodnick VV Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Reform of Rehabilitation in the Community of Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities: Lessons from the Israeli Experience.
Abstract Purpose is to present the mental health rehabilitation reform enacted in Israel in 2000, and to analyze the challenges it faces in its second decade of implementation. Lessons are drawn with regard to other jurisdictions interested in reforming mental health services. Besides reviewing the reform's accomplishments and its contribution to the changes that have occurred in mental health services, the article also assesses the dangers it has to contend with. Analysis focuses on the system's clients, budget, personnel and services-and on its functional environment. During the past decade, the rehabilitation s...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aviram U Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Cultural Psychiatry: A Spotlight on the Experience of Clinical Social Workers' Encounter with Jewish Ultra-Orthodox Mental Health Clients.
This study shows that the attitude in the Haredi community toward mental health therapy undergoes a process of change. It is important to strengthen this process, together with preserving existing community informal structures of help. PMID: 27722905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Freund A, Band-Winterstein T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Reliability and Validity of a Newly Developed Measure of Citizenship Among Persons with Mental Illnesses.
Abstract Following development of a 46-item of measure citizenship, a framework for supporting the full membership in society of persons with mental illness, this study tested the measure's reliability and validity. 110 persons from a mental health center completed a questionnaire packet containing the citizenship measure and other measures to assess internal consistency and validity of the citizenship instrument. Correlation matrices were examined for associations between the citizenship instrument and other measures. Stepwise regression examines demographic factors, sense of community, and social capital as pred...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: O'Connell MJ, Clayton A, Rowe M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Measuring and Facilitating Client Engagement with Financial Incentives: Implications for Improving Clinical Outcomes in a Mental Health Setting.
Abstract Significant numbers of individuals with severe mental illnesses are difficult to engage in treatment services, presenting challenges for care. To be able to assess the relationship between engagement and discharge outcomes, we modified the "Milestones of Recovery Scale". This scale was modified for content to match the current clinical setting, evaluated for inter-rater reliability after modification in a sample of 233 cases receiving psychiatric rehabilitation, and then was administered to 423 additional psychiatric rehabilitation clients over a 24-month study period. In an effort to determine ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kotwicki RJ, Balzer AM, Harvey PD Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Presentation of Coping Strategies Associated with Physical and Mental Health During Health Check-ups.
Abstract We identified coping behaviors during regular health check-ups and examined whether they were related to physical and mental health. We assessed coping strategies with the Brief COPE scale in 201 people who underwent a regular health check-up in a clinic. We found several significant relationships between coping and physical/psychological conditions presented in health check-up: Humor and systolic blood pressure, Substance use and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Venting and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Self-blame and depression, and Behavioral disengagement and sleep disorder. By evaluating ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ito M, Matsushima E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Longitudinal Study of Financial Difficulties and Mental Health in a National Sample of British Undergraduate Students.
Abstract Previous research has shown a relationship between financial difficulties and poor mental health in students, but most research is cross-sectional. To examine longitudinal relationships over time between financial variables and mental health in students. A national sample of 454 first year British undergraduate students completed measures of mental health and financial variables at up to four time points across a year. Cross-sectional relationships were found between poorer mental health and female gender, having a disability and non-white ethnicity. Greater financial difficulties predicted greater depres...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 29, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Richardson T, Elliott P, Roberts R, Jansen M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
An Evidence-Based Review of Early Intervention and Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
We present an evidence-based review of post-trauma interventions used to prevent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Literature search of PubMed from 1988 to March 2016 using keywords "Early Intervention AND Prevention of PTSD" yielded 142 articles, of which 52 intervention studies and 6 meta-analyses were included in our review. Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy and modified prolonged exposure delivered within weeks of a potentially traumatic event for people showing signs of distress have the most evidence in the treatment of acute stress and early PTSD symptoms, and the prevention of PTSD. Even tho...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Birur B, Moore NC, Davis LL Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Racial/Ethnic Differences in Emotional Health: A Longitudinal Study of Immigrants' Adolescent Children.
Abstract First, discrimination was conceptualized as a major source of stress for immigrants' adolescent children. Next, such children's emotional health (indicated by measures of self-esteem and depression) was examined for possible associations with discrimination, psychosocial supports, and social structure; additionally, race/ethnicity's possible moderating role in such associations was evaluated. Data from the first 2 waves of the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (1991-2006) were employed, focusing on 3 groups: Asians, Hispanics, and Whites. Linear regression analyses were used to weigh how discrimin...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lo CC, Hopson LM, Simpson GM, Cheng TC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Do Place and Time Make a Difference? Examining Quality of Life Among Homeless Persons in Northwest Arkansas and Birmingham.
This study examines the role that life chances and choices play in determining quality of life among homeless people. Given the prominent negative impact of homelessness, this paper specifically examines the impact of length of time homeless and location on adverse quality of life. OLS regression examined quality of life among 264 homeless adults living in Northwest Arkansas and Birmingham, Alabama. Analysis shows no significant impact of life choices on quality of life but a significant impact of life chances including strong social ties and mastery of fate, on adverse quality of life. Length of time homeless was related ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: O'Connor G, Fitzpatrick K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Sense of Coherence in Religious Christian Orthodox Women in Greece.
Abstract Investigation of correlation between the way of life of women-secular and devoted (belonging to a Christian Orthodox fraternity)-and their stress management skills. Sample population consisted of 200 women, 100 belonging to an Orthodox Christian fraternity and 100 secular women, 18 years of age and older from the wider Thessaloniki area (North Greece). Antonovsky's Scale Sense of Coherence (SOC) was used for stress management skills evaluation. The mean SOC score was 138 (95 % CI 133.9-142.1) for secular and 149.9 (95 % CI 144.9-154.9) for devoted women. The presence of a strong sense of coh...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Merakou K, Xefteri E, Barbouni A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Prediction of Mental Health Services Use One Year After Regular Referral to Specialized Care Versus Referral to Stepped Collaborative Care.
Abstract Referral to collaborative mental health care within the primary care setting is a service concept that has shown to be as effective as direct referral to specialized mental health care for patients with common mental disorders. Additionally it is more efficient in terms of lower mental health services use. This post-hoc analysis examines if treatment intensity during 1-year of follow-up can be predicted prospectively by baseline characteristics. With multilevel multivariate regression analyses baseline characteristics were examined as potential predictors of visit counts. Results showed that only the enab...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van Orden M, Leone S, Haffmans J, Spinhoven P, Hoencamp E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research