An Examination of the Relations Between Symptom Distributions in Children Diagnosed with Autism and Caregiver Burden, Anxiety and Depression Levels.
člu K Abstract High stress levels and impairment of physical/mental health in parents can delay early and effective intervention in autism. The purpose of this study was to examine relations between the clinical characteristics of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and caregiver burden, and anxiety and depression levels. Seventy cases under monitoring at the Nam─▒k Kemal University Medical Faculty Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Polyclinic with a diagnosis of ASD, and their principal caregivers, were included in the study. The Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), B...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Baykal S, Karakurt MN, ├çak─▒r M, Karabekiro─člu K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Subjective Well-Being of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan: The Moderating Role of Perceived Control in Married Men.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the role of perceived control in moderating the effects of acculturative stress on the well-being of first generation Afghan married men refugees (N = 137, 25-50 years) residing in Lahore, Pakistan. The participants completed a survey questionnaire comprising a demographic information sheet, the Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Scale (Jibeen, Khalid, International Journal of Intercultural Relations 34:233-243, 2010), the Cognitive Stress Scale (Cohen et al., Journal of Health and Social Behavior 24:385-396, 1983), the Positive Affect & N...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jibeen T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Implementation and Use of a Client-Facing Web-Based Shared Decision-Making System (MyCHOIS-CommonGround) in Two Specialty Mental Health Clinics.
Abstract Electronic shared-decision making programs may provide an assistive technology to support physician-patient communication. This mixed methods study examined use of a web-based shared decision-making program (MyCHOIS-CommonGround) by individuals receiving specialty mental health services, and identified qualitative factors influencing adoption during the first 18 months of implementation in two Medicaid mental health clinics. T-tests and χ2 analyses were conducted to assess differences in patient use between sites. Approximately 80% of patients in both clinics created a MyCHOIS-CommonGround user profil...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Finnerty M, Austin E, Chen Q, Layman D, Kealey E, Ng-Mak D, Rajagopalan K, Hoagwood K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Predictors of Quality of Life in Montreal, Canada: A Longitudinal Study.
This study sought to assess factors associated with quality of life (QoL), and predictive of improvements in QoL over time, in a population-based cohort study. A 4-year longitudinal survey was administered to 2433 individuals at the study baseline; of these, 1828 individuals participated in Wave 2, and 1303 participated in Wave 3. QoL was measured by the Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale. Thirty-two variables were correlated with baseline QoL and together explained 58.2% of the variance. Eleven variables were independent predictors of improvement in QoL over time. Among these variables, social support and stress/coping ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Caron J, Cargo M, Daniel M, Liu A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Integrated Health Hub (IHH) Model: The Evolution of a Community Based Primary Care and Mental Health Centre.
Abstract There is increasing demand for comprehensive community healthcare that integrates community mental health and primary care services. The Canadian Mental Health Association-Durham Branch provides an example of how the Integrated Health Hub (IHH) Model evolved organically to meet this need. The Framework Method was used to analyze interviews and focus groups with 29 participants. Results reveal five key domains critical to the development of the IHH Model (1) Communication; (2) Hub 'Nuances'; (3) Leadership; (4) Staff; and (5) Challenges. These findings provide insights for other community mental health org...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Malachowski C, Skoypk S, Toth K, MacEachen E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Italian Investigation on Mental Health Workers' Attitudes Regarding Personal Recovery From Mental Illness.
This study aimed to investigate attitudes toward personal recovery in a sample of 436 healthcare professionals and students of psychiatric rehabilitation techniques through the Italian version of the recovery knowledge inventory (RKI). The sample in our study showed a good global orientation toward recovery. Statistically significant differences were found among mental health professionals based on gender difference, professional role, and level of experience. Women seemed more inclined to accept users' decision-making processes, including therapeutic risk-taking. Nurses seemed more cautious in considering the users able t...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Giusti L, Ussorio D, Salza A, Malavolta M, Aggio A, Bianchini V, Casacchia M, Roncone R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Correction to: Gender Differences and Prevalence of Mental Health Problems in Students of Healthcare Units.
Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained a typo in the author name. The co-author name should be Ahsan Ehtesham instead it was published as Ahsan Ehtisham. PMID: 30238281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gitay MN, Fatima S, Arshad S, Arshad B, Ehtesham A, Baig MA, Ilyas MF, Rizvi SF, Farooqui Q, Masroor M, Haque Z Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Stakeholders' Views Regarding Their Role as Support System for People with Mental Illness and Their Families in Rural South Africa.
This study explored the views of different stakeholders about their roles as support systems for people with mental illness and their families at Mashashane, a rural setting in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Seven focus group discussions were conducted with various stakeholders. This qualitative study employed content analysis to allow for comparison of stakeholders' views. Stakeholders understanding of mental illness was based on reaction towards people with mental illness, causes of mental illness and the behaviour displayed by the ill individual. The identified formal and informal systems were seen as ineffective with ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Matsea T, Ryke E, Weyers M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Management of Depressed Patients by the Tunisian General Practitioners: A Critical Trans-sectional Study.
irc;lej M Abstract Under-diagnosed and under-treated, depression has a pejorative prognosis. The general practitioners (GP) represent the most often consulted healthcare professionals by depressed patients. The aim was to describe how the Tunisian GPs manage the depressed patients and to note the difficulties they encounter in order to suggest corrective measures. A survey was conducted among 140 GPs in Sfax Governorate. The percentage of the GPs whose responses conformed to the scientific data in at least 67% of the items was 31.4%. Four factors were correlated to a good management of depression: age (p =&...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ben Thabet J, Mâalej M, Khemakhem H, Yaich S, Abbes W, Omri S, Zouari L, Zouari N, Dammak J, Charfi N, Maâlej M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Disability Determination Under Social Security: Increasing Rates of Approval.
Abstract Supplemental security income (SSI), is the lifeline for our patients living in the community. Absent disability benefits most of our patients are homeless. Many will be hungry, poorly clothed, and have only rudimentary health care. The disability determination system will approve disability for
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amdur MA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Their Relation to Parenting Stress and Parenting Practices.
The objective of this study was to understand the relationship between the early adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) of parents and their later parenting stress and practices. At the baseline visit of an 8-week course of cognitive behavioral therapy, parenting women completed the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) and the Positive Parenting Practices (PPP) scale. Linear regression procedures were used to assess the relationship between a parent's own early experience of ACEs and current parenting stress and practices, including if there was a dose-response relationship. For the PSI-SF, significant dose-respon...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lange BCL, Callinan LS, Smith MV Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on an Integrated Behavioral Health Model of Psychiatry in Pediatric Primary Care: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study.
vel C Abstract Integrated behavioral health services have positive outcomes for patients and providers, but little is known about providers' perspectives on implementing these services. This community-based participatory research collaboration with a Federally Qualified Health Center examined provider perspectives on implementing a collaborative psychiatry consultation program in pediatric primary care. We interviewed providers (N = 14) from psychiatry, social work, primary care, and psychology regarding their experiences implementing the program, and their recommendations for its sustainability. Pro...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rodr├şguez EM, Gulbas LE, George-Jones J, Leija A, Burrows D, Neavel C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Art and Mental Health Recovery: Evaluating the Impact of a Community-Based Participatory Arts Program Through Artist Voices.
This study sought to evaluate the impact of participation in a 6-month community-based participatory arts program on mental health recovery. Using a case study methodology, a total of nine recent graduates from one of five separate groups held during the study period (2012-2015) were interviewed. All but one of the nine participants reported positive personal, emotional, physical and/or mental health changes as a result of her or his participation in the program. Voices of all participants are explored. Analysis of the interviews revealed four key themes: safe space to create, change in identity, biggest impact, and progra...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bone TA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Eating Attitudes, Weight Control Behaviors, Body Image Satisfaction and Depression Level Among Indian Medical and Nursing Undergraduate Students.
Abstract This was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out among Medical and Nursing students to assess the presence of eating disorders. Data was collected using self administered 'Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food' (SCOFF) and 'Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)' questionnaires. It was found that 34.1% and 10.4% of the participants were at high risk to suffer from eating disorders on SCOFF and EAT-26 scales. Further, age, gender and education found to have significant association on SCOFF and EAT-26 scores (p 
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vijayalakshmi P, Thimmaiah R, Gandhi S, BadaMath S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Gender Differences and Prevalence of Mental Health Problems in Students of Healthcare Units.
Abstract The aim of the present was to assess and compare the mental health of male and female healthcare students in a Health University of Karachi, Pakistan. A cross-sectional study was conducted for which questionnaire was designed along the standard scoring scales of depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7) and phobia (IAPT) completed by 300 enrolled students. Females (52%) of the medical institute suffered from mild to moderately-severe depression in contrast to the males (33%). Females were found to be affected by mild anxiety and phobia (42.7 and 26% respectively) exceeding the male population (27.3 and 15.3% re...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gitay MN, Fatima S, Arshad S, Arshad B, Ehtisham A, Baig MA, Ilyas MF, Rizvi SF, Farooqui Q, Masroor M, Haque Z Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Association Between Antenatal and Postpartum Depression and Anxiety with Weight Retention 1  Year After Childbirth: A Longitudinal Study.
Association Between Antenatal and Postpartum Depression and Anxiety with Weight Retention 1 Year After Childbirth: A Longitudinal Study. Community Ment Health J. 2018 Aug 23;: Authors: Salehi-Pourmehr H, Niroomand S, Shakouri SK, Asgarlou Z, Farshbaf-Khalili A Abstract This was an observational, longitudinal study investigated the association between anxiety and depression in trimesters of pregnancy and early postpartum with weight retention 1 year after childbirth. Sixty-two pregnant women aged 18-35 years with a BMI of 35 or higher and 245 pregnant women with normal BMI (BMI 18.5-24.9...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salehi-Pourmehr H, Niroomand S, Shakouri SK, Asgarlou Z, Farshbaf-Khalili A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Therapeutic Alliance and Anorexia Nervosa Treatment Outcomes: Experiences of Young People and Their Families.
Abstract Treatments for anorexia nervosa provided early in the onset of the illness lead to better outcomes. Despite the treatment approach used, the therapeutic alliance may be instrumental in successful outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the young people and their families' experiences of the illness, and their access to and satisfaction with the services received. Of particular interest was their view of the working alliance with their therapist/s. Participants were interviewed by telephone using a semi-structured questionnaire. Family based treatment or the Maudsley was found superior to other trea...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mogorovich G, Caltabiano NJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Modeling Health Disparities and Outcomes in Disenfranchised Populations.
Abstract The Health Disparities and Outcomes (HDO) model originally created to explain the complexity of obtaining healthcare in rural settings has been revised and updated using emerging theoretical models of adversity and inequity and two decades of empirical work by the authors. With a strong orientation to explaining population-based health inequities, the HDO is applied to individuals with Serious Mental Illness (SMI), to explain their high rates of morbidity and mortality compared to the general population. Individual-, community-, and system-level factors that reflect an understanding of life-long risk, acc...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hauenstein EJ, Clark RS, Merwin EI Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Fundamental Characteristics, Attitudes and Behaviors Regarding Substance Use Focusing on Cannabis: Findings from the General Population Survey in Turkey, 2011.
Abstract Cannabis is the most prevalent illicit drug used in the world. We aimed to determine prevalence and some characteristics of cannabis use in Turkey. The study was based on a cross-sectional survey conducted with a nationally representative sample of 8045 individuals with in-house interviews. The life-time prevalence of substance use was found as 2.8%. Cannabis with 0.7% life-time prevalence, was the most commonly used substance. Cannabis users were concerned about some adverse outcomes such as anxiety with withdrawal (14%), losing control about using the drug (14%), daily performance problems (10.9%) and p...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kotan Z, Ilhan SO, Ilhan MN, Arikan Z Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

A Path Analysis of Self-determination and Resiliency for Consumers Living with Mental Illness.
Abstract Over the last three decades, resilience has become a key area in mental health research, practice and policy, due to its potential to positively impact on wellbeing and quality of life. Research findings have identified that resilience positively correlates with an individual's subjective sense of well-being and decreased mental health problems. Given the potential benefits of resilience for those living with mental illness, research should examine ways in which these individuals can increase their resilience levels. One such method of examining resilience in people living with mental illness is through a...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Perlman D, Taylor E, Molloy L, Brighton R, Patterson C, Moxham L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Importance of Structure and Connection for People Living With Schizophrenia: A 33-Year Outpatient Group Experience.
Abstract This paper evaluates an outpatient group for persons living with schizophrenia. Qualitative changes and psychiatric admissions among group members were reviewed to measure recovery. Thirty-two members have attended sessions for up to 28 years. Meaningful interactions (e.g., supportive comments) have increased and hospitalizations have decreased. The support of the therapists and the other group members has allowed for personal recovery and developing and maintaining social connections. Prior to starting the group, 67% of members had> 1 hospitalization and 26% had none. During the group, 63%...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rice DB, Zorn A, Sigman M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

A Mismatch of Paradigms Disrupts the Introduction of Psycho-Educative Interventions for Families of Persons with SMI: An Interview Study with Staff from Community Services.
rthag F Abstract Treatment and support of people diagnosed with severe mental illness in Sweden takes place in out-patient psychiatric services or municipality services. Most of the responsibility for support in daily life are provided by the close family. One crucial matter is how to support these families. This research project aimed to investigate the Swedish construction with shared responsibility between county psychiatric care and municipality social care for consumers with severe mental illness affects actions in municipalities in relation to family support. Ten representatives from five municipality settin...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Persson K, ├ľstman M, Ingvarsdotter K, Hj├Ąrthag F Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Development and Validation of the Therapist Barriers to Engaging Parents (TBEP) Measure.
Abstract Parent engagement is a well-documented challenge when delivering child and adolescent mental health treatments. Therapists' internal experiences, and how they respond to parents, may create a barrier to the parent engagement process. The current study developed the 13-item Therapist Barriers to Engaging Parents measure (TBEP) to assess providers' internal and external experiences that operate as barriers to parent engagement. The TBEP was completed by 148 child and family therapists across the United States. The TBEP demonstrated strong internal reliability (Cronbach α = .86), and was ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dynes ME, Tompsett CJ, Domoff SE Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

From Physical Wellness to Cultural Brokering: Unpacking the Roles of Peer Providers in Integrated Health Care Settings.
Abstract This qualitative study explored peer provider experiences working in newly integrated mental health and primary care pilot programs within a large public mental health system. Nineteen peer providers participated in semistructured interviews that focused on experiences delivering care within integrated teams. Interviews were analyzed using constant comparative methods informed by grounded theory. Findings were organized into three themes that speak to variation in the definition and function of peers; lack of clarity in the peer role; and relating to other providers. Integrated settings need ongoing ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Siantz E, Henwood B, Baezcondi-Garbanati L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Development and Implementation of Psychiatric Services in a Student-Operated Clinic.
This article chronicles the development and implementation of Monday Psychiatry Clinic, a psychiatry component of a medical student-operated free clinic (The Monday Clinic) in Dallas, Texas, providing assessment data systematically collected in the clinic. The established clinical purpose of Monday Psychiatry Clinic is to assess common psychiatric disorders and refer patients in need to appropriate sources of care. This clinic provided leadership education and volunteering opportunities to medical students who learned to interact with patients with psychiatric concerns, established clinical interviewing skills, and became ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stuard WL, Squiers K, Suss A, Schrader E, Triantafyllou D, Brenner A, North CS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

1-800-Externship: The Use of Hotlines as a Training Modality for Future Clinicians.
Abstract Mental health on college campuses is a growing issue. Despite a rise in demand for services, counseling centers generally offer assistance during business hours, with a limited number of clinicians. Hotlines can provide an avenue for suicide prevention and intervention while offering training to graduate counseling students. The present study used a qualitative approach to examine the benefits and challenges of using hotlines as a clinical training modality. Interviews with nine graduate students volunteering at a hotline were analyzed using a consensual qualitative research methodology. Several domains w...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ling TJ, Percario KN, Hauck JM, Holland EP, Isenberg D, Henawi T, Peters MA, Karahalios J, Messano R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Public Recognition and Perceptions of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
Abstract Previous research has indicated that the public's knowledge on obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is poor. Public understanding and perception of OCD may be one contributor to this issue. Given that mental health literacy is an important first step for those to receive the appropriate care, we sought to understand more about the public's awareness and perceptions of OCD. Data regarding knowledge of OCD were collected through a New York statewide telephone survey (N = 806). Results indicated that those who had never heard of OCD were more likely to be ethnic minorities, have a lower income, ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stewart E, Grunthal B, Collins L, Coles M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Music Therapy for Coping Self-Efficacy in an Acute Mental Health Setting: A Randomized Pilot Study.
Abstract For adults with mental illness, coping skills represent an integral component of illness management and recovery (IMR) programs. Music therapy can be used to target IMR but empirical research specific to coping is needed. The purpose of this study was to determine if educational music therapy can influence coping self-efficacy in acute care mental health inpatients. Adults on an acute care mental health unit (N = 92) were cluster-randomized to one of three single-session conditions over 24 group-based sessions: educational lyric analysis, educational songwriting, or control. Although results...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Silverman MJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

'It's Like You Do It Without Knowing That You're Doing It': Practitioner Experiences with ACT Implementation.
This study illustrates the nuanced ways that frontline staff might understand and define evidence-based practice (EBP) use and has implications for studying EBP implementation. PMID: 30094736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lengnick-Hall R, Fenwick K, Henwood B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

An Academic and Practice Partnership to Assess the Behavioral Health Needs of Nebraska.
Abstract Schools of Public Health have a commitment to engage in practice-based research and be involved in collaborative partnerships. In 2016 the faculty, staff, and students from the University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Public Health and the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Behavioral Health collaborated to develop and administer a comprehensive assessment of the mental health and substance use disorder services provided by the Division of Behavioral Health. The purpose of this paper is to describe the process used to develop the trusting and mutually beneficial partners...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Grimm B, Watanabe-Galloway S, Palm D, Pounds L, Deras M, Dawson S, Wittmuss L, Smith B, Haakenstad E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Rapid Readmission Among Nevada State Psychiatric Hospital Patients.
This study attempts to identify factors associated with RR at a Nevada state psychiatric hospital. Participants included 7177 patients admitted between May 2012 and April 2014. Using logistic regression, all admissions were reviewed and rapid readmits compared to counterparts who were not readmitted within 30 days. Nevada suffers from budget cuts in mental health care spending because of recent economic crisis and severe lack of bed space. This study demonstrates that it may be possible to reduce rates of costly RR by focusing on those with a history of RR and modifiable factors including social and financial support, as w...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Moore CO, Moonie S, Anderson J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Process Evaluation of a Pilot Intervention for Psychosocial Rehabilitation for Service Users with Schizophrenia in North West Province, South Africa.
This study investigated a non-specialist delivered programme for psychosocial rehabilitation for service users with schizophrenia in a low-resource South African setting. Forty-four service users with schizophrenia living in the community, receiving ongoing medication through primary care, participated in a structured support group. Quantitative measures (WHODAS 12 item, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Inventory) were assessed at baseline and 12 months. Sixteen service users were interviewed on their experiences. WHODAS data showed a small reduction. ISMI assessment showed a st...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brooke-Sumner C, Selohilwe O, Mazibuko MS, Petersen I Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Are Grittier Front-Line Therapists More Likely to Implement Evidence-Based Interventions?
This study sought to elucidate the relationship of grit to therapeutic alliance and attitudes towards evidence-based interventions in a sample of front-line therapist (n = 240). Grit was found to be positively associated with therapeutic alliance and correlated with favorable attitudes towards using proven practice. Findings suggest that gritty therapists may sustain the use of evidence based interventions in their usual services and have better client outcomes. PMID: 30083831 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Patterson Silver Wolf DA, Linn BK, Dulmus CN Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Impact of Conventional Beliefs and Social Stigma on Attitude Towards Access to Mental Health Services in Pakistan.
This study aims to explore the role of conventional beliefs and social stigma on attitude towards access to mental health services. From 50 caregivers data were collected by Perceived Public Stigma Scale and an in-depth semi-structured interview. The majority (86%) of patients having significant symptoms of major mental illness visited traditional healer prior to engagement with the mental health services. However a significant positive finding, related to carers predominantly perceiving that individuals with mental health difficulties were trustworthy, capable of engagement in employment and were comfortable with having t...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shah I, Khalily MT, Ahmad I, Hallahan B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Beliefs Supporting Violence, Attitudes and Aggressive Behavior Among School Adolescents in Rural Delhi.
Abstract Violence and aggression amongst adolescents is increasing across the globe. However, the research on adolescent violence in India is limited. The present study was undertaken to study aggressive beliefs, attitudes, behavior rural schools in north district of Delhi. It was a cross-sectional study conducted among adolescents studying in grade VIII-X in three rural schools in Delhi, selected by non-probability sampling. The data was collected using a questionnaire adapted from CDC Compendium of tools measuring aggression. Out of the total 270 adolescents, there were 119 boys (44.1%) and 151 (55.9%) girls. Th...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anand T, Kishore J, Grover S, Bhave S, Yadav S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Assessing Acceptability of the Term: "Psychopathology" Among Youth Aged 18-25.
This study assessed perceptions of the term "psychopathology" among 486 youth aged 18-25, with 39% of these youth receiving prior mental health services. Results indicated statistically significant differences in perception of the term, with youth who had received mental health services perceiving it more negatively than youth who had not. Findings suggest receipt of mental health services among young people may sensitize them to negative aspects of the term psychopathology, indicating the need for caution in using this term and other terms that may have negative impacts on mental health service use among youth. ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Weist MD, McWhirter C, Fairchild AJ, Bradley WJ, Cason J, Miller E, Hartley S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Association Between Physical Activity and General Life Satisfaction in Lower Secondary School Students: The Role of Individual and Family Factors.
The objective of the paper was to investigate the association between PA and general life satisfaction in adolescents, taking into account family affluence and selected psychological, family and school factors. The survey (2015) involved 4085 Polish lower-secondary school students. Life satisfaction was measured with the abridged Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS). Vigorous Physical Activity, self-esteem, family affluence, family relations and the perception of the school environment were considered as independent variables. Hierarchical and path models were applied. The mean SLSS score was M = 4.66 (SD...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kleszczewska D, Dzielska A, Salonna F, Mazur J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Five Year Outcomes of Tapering Antipsychotic Drug Doses in a Community Mental Health Center.
Abstract There is evidence that many individuals are on higher doses of antipsychotic drug than is required for optimal functioning yet there are limited guidelines on how to reduce them. This paper reports on 5 year outcomes for sixty-seven individuals who received treatment at a community mental health center and were offered the opportunity to gradually reduce their doses of antipsychotic drug in collaboration with the treating psychiatrist. Over a period of 6 months, the author invited patients who were clinically stable and able to participate in discussions of potential risks and benefits to b...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steingard S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Community Mental Health Provider Responses to a Competency-Based Training in Suicide Risk Assessment and Prevention.
This study offers support for the promising impacts of competency-based and IPE-specific training. PMID: 30074117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: La Guardia AC, Cramer RJ, Brubaker M, Long MM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Experiences of Mental Healthcare Reported by Individuals Diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder: An Italian Qualitative Study.
Abstract This qualitative study explores experiences of mental health care by nine Italian users with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. The findings from semi-structured interviews carried by professional researchers highlighted the following themes: mixed feelings about the diagnosis; lack of access to psychological interventions despite preferences of users; positive view of peer support, job as a safe haven, traumatic experiences of compulsory hospital admissions; need for crisis interventions as alternative to hospital admission. Most users' views look in accordance with evidence-based recommendations seldom im...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vallarino M, Rapisarda F, Scott J, Vecchi T, Barbato A, D'Avanzo B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Should Traffic Offenders Undergo Compulsory "Mental Test": A Study of Mental Health and Crash Involvement Among Commercial Motorcyclists in Ibadan, Nigeria?
Should Traffic Offenders Undergo Compulsory "Mental Test": A Study of Mental Health and Crash Involvement Among Commercial Motorcyclists in Ibadan, Nigeria? Community Ment Health J. 2018 Aug 02;: Authors: Ayinde OO, Adejumo OA, Olukolade O, Lasebikan VO Abstract Government policies on commercial motorcycle crash prevention are often not driven by data in terms of mental health risks. In this cross-sectional study, data was obtained from 508 commercial motorcyclists (CMs) in Ibadan, Nigeria on psychological distress, personality, suicidality, impulsivity, substance use and Intelligence Quotie...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ayinde OO, Adejumo OA, Olukolade O, Lasebikan VO Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Stigma in Mental Health at the Macro and Micro Levels: Implications for Mental Health Consumers and Professionals.
Abstract Despite increasing mental health promotion and advocacy, stigma persists and poses a significant threat to the healthy functioning at the macro and micro-sociological levels. Stigma is gradually evolving with the incorporation of broader social contexts at the micro and macro levels in which individuals, institutions and larger cultural constructs shape and influence the perception of what is different and therefore stigmatized. This theoretical paper based on literature underscores how mental health stigma discourages individuals from getting proper mental health treatment. The interface of mental illnes...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Holder SM, Peterson ER, Stephens R, Crandall LA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Exploring Antidepressant Adherence at a Student-Run Free Mental Health Clinic.
This study scrutinized EHHOP MH's depression treatment by measuring adherence to antidepressants. Pharmacy data from seventy-nine patients were reviewed according to HEDIS criteria. Results compare EHHOP MH to New York State (NYS) Medicaid and NYS commercial insurance providers. In the acute treatment phase, EHHOP MH performed similarly to NYS Medicaid. In all other comparisons, EHHOP MH had lower adherence rates. Physician notes were reviewed to identify reasons for low adherence. PMID: 30062631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mann CL, Rifkin RA, Nabel EM, Thomas DC, Meah YS, Katz CL Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Family Inclusion in Mental Health Service Planning and Delivery: Consumers' Perspectives.
This study explores consumers' experiences and perspectives of including family in treatment. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 adult consumers who could identify supportive family members. Data were analysed using constant comparative analysis. The findings indicated that the outcomes reported from family inclusion depended on who, how, how much and when family were included, and the degree of choice consumers had regarding these features For consumers to have real choice around these features, family inclusion needed to be accessible, families needed to be willing, and all parties needed to agree upon a c...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wonders L, Honey A, Hancock N Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Correction to: A Tertiary-Care/Primary-Care Partnership Aimed at Improving Care for People with Eating Disorders.
ger H Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in EAT-26 values under "Patients Receiving Treatment for an ED in their Sector" section. PMID: 29980964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thaler L, Freiwald S, Paquin Hodge C, Fletcher É, Cottier D, Kahan E, Rossi E, Piat M, Lal S, Israel M, Steiger H Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Correction to: Veteran Coffee Socials: A Community-Building Strategy for Enhancing Community Reintegration of Veterans.
Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in co-author name and his affiliation. The author name should be Anthony Russo instead it was published as Antony Russo and his affiliation has been corrected. PMID: 29971638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gorman JA, Scoglio AAJ, Smolinsky J, Russo A, Drebing CE Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Role of Economic Stress and Coping Resources in Predicting Hwabyung Symptoms.
This article reports the findings from a study that examined the role of economic stress and coping resources in predicting hwabyung symptoms among Koreans in the United States. The literal meaning of hwabyung is "fire illness" or "anger illness." Koreans believe that chronic stress can cause the onset of hwabyung, manifested mainly through somatic symptoms. Data collected from an anonymous survey of 242 voluntary participants were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression (R2). The findings demonstrated the important role that social support and sense of self-esteem play in explaining hwabyung sy...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lee J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Stigma and Attitude of Mental Health Help-Seeking Among a Sample of Working Versus Non-working Egyptian Women.
This study was conducted to assess the level of mental health difference between working and non-working women, to explore their stigma and attitude toward seeking psychological help for mental-health problems. World Health Organization's Self-reporting questionnaire (SRQ-20), adoption of Discrimination-Devaluation scale (D-D) scale for measuring self-stigma and attitude toward Seeking Mental Health Services (IASMHS) Inventory were used. The sampled teachers reported a higher attitude towards seeking mental health services when compared to housewives. Social support and personal stigma were the main factors that significan...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zalat MM, Mortada EM, El Seifi OS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Patient Perspectives on Strengths and Challenges of Therapist-Assisted Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Using the Patient Voice to Improve Care.
This study aimed to understand the preferences and recommendations of 225 patients enrolled in a T-ICBT course for depression and anxiety via an online therapy unit in collaboration with community mental health clinics dispersed across one Canadian province. An open-ended survey asked participants their opinions of the course and responses were analyzed using a content analysis approach. Patient comments addressed many strengths of the course (64%), with some opportunities for improvement (36%). Most-appreciated features included ability to download content for future use, reading other patients' experiences, and content o...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hadjistavropoulos HD, Faller YN, Klatt A, Nugent MN, Dear BF, Titov N Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Sexual Expression and It's Determinants, in People Diagnosed with Psychotic Disorders.
Abstract This qualitative study aims to explore the difficulties people with a psychotic disorder have in sexual expression, and associated determinants. Twenty-eight semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed using the Grounded Theory method. Almost all participants experienced unfulfilled needs in sexual expression. These unfulfilled needs were associated with a range of factors, including antipsychotic medication, psychotic symptoms, sexual abuse, social skills and stigma, all of which may converge on a pathway involving (sexual) self-esteem. Further research is required to better understand the rol...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: de Jager J, van Greevenbroek R, Nugter A, van Os J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research