The Role of Public Health in the Development of a Collaborative Agreement with Rural and Semi-urban Partners in Cases of Severe Domestic Squalor and Hoarding.
Abstract When confronted with complex situations of hoarding and severe domestic squalor, small municipal communities and their partners frequently feel overwhelmed due to limited resources at their disposal. Stakeholders often report these situations to Public Health Service and seek their support. In order to facilitate more effective and coordinated actions, the main stakeholders involved (municipal, fire, police, public health and the regional health center) must agree on the most appropriate intervention strategies. An agreement providing services for the management of severe cases of domestic squalor in rura...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lacombe MC, Cossette B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Impact of a Pilot Videogame-Based Physical Activity Program on Walking Speed in Adults with Schizophrenia.
Abstract The purpose of this report is to describe the impact of a videogame-based physical activity program using the Kinect for Xbox 360 game system (Microsoft, Redmond, WA) on walking speed in adults with schizophrenia. In this randomized controlled trial, 28 participants played either an active videogame for 30 min (intervention group) or played a sedentary videogame for 30 min (control group), once a week for 6 weeks. Walking speed was measured objectively with the Short Physical Performance Battery at enrollment and at the end of the 6-week program. The intervention group (n = 13...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Leutwyler H, Hubbard E, Cooper BA, Dowling G Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Reasons for Nonadherence to Psychiatric Medication and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Treatment Among Latino Bipolar Disorder Patients Living in Puerto Rico: A Qualitative Study.
Abstract Latinos with bipolar disorder (BD) have a high rate of nonadherence to psychiatric medication and treatment for other medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors than non-Latinos with BD. The aim of this study is to identify patients' perspectives on the reasons for nonadherence to psychiatric medication and for CVD risk factors conditions in outpatients with BD. Three focus group sessions were held for a total of 22 adults ranging from 23 to 60 years old. Participants had BD, Type I/II and CVD risk factors. Audio-recordings of focus groups were transcribed and a content anal...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ralat SI, Depp CA, Bernal G Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Association Between Social Network Factors with Depression and Anxiety at Different Life Stages.
This study examines whether social network factors influence individual's depression and anxiety outcomes at different life stages. Data was drawn from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey. Hierarchical regression modelling was applied to examine the effects within and across different life stages. The depression and anxiety measures were taken from the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and the social network factors were taken from the self-completion questionnaire. With the exception of social trust in seniors, the social network factors were significant predictors of depression and anxi...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Levula A, Harré M, Wilson A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Families in Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Teams in Norway: A Cross-Sectional Study on Relatives' Experiences of Involvement and Alienation.
Abstract International research shows that relatives of people with mental illness are rarely involved by mental health services. Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) has been recently implemented in Norway. The experience of relatives of ACT users is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to explore relatives' experience with ACT-teams in Norway. Data were collected using the family involvement and alienation questionnaire, consisting of experiences of approach, and alienation from the provision of professional care. 38 Relatives participated in this study. A majority experienced a positive approach (openness,...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Weimand BM, Israel P, Ewertzon M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Assessing Mental Health Among Adults.
Abstract The aim of the study is to compare the knowledge of adults regarding mental health. Public understanding regarding mental health and illnesses among general population is usually a lacking aspect. Understanding mental illness plays a paramount role in the prevention and treatment of mental diseases and also rehabilitation of individual. Mental health is considered to be the foundation for effective functioning for an individual and also for a community. Despite all of these facts, mental health is still deliberated as a luxury. The misinterpretations on which such views are formulated are now becoming vib...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Parul Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Associated Factors of Self-Rated Mental Health Status in Southwestern Iran: Using SCAD Regression Model in a Population-Based Study.
This study aimed to investigate the association between self-rated mental health (SRMH) and current health status of an Iranian population. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 3400 individuals selected through random sampling in Shiraz, Iran between January 2014 and March 2015. Data were gathered through face-to-face interviews. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS 19.0, and R.3.1.2 software was used for SCAD penalized logistic regression. The mean age of the participants was 38.5 (± 14.1 years). There were significant relationships between better SRMH and younger ages (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maharlouei N, Kazemeini F, Shahraki HR, Lankarani KB Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Emergency Department Staff Beliefs About Self-Harm: A Thematic Framework Analysis.
Abstract To explore the beliefs and attitudes of emergency department staff about self-harm behaviour. Existing studies looking at views regarding self-harm rely solely on the information provided by medical and nursing staff using a questionnaire format. No studies currently consider ancillary staff members' beliefs about self-harm, even though they also work with these patients. A thematic framework analysis of interview transcripts was carried out. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted from December 2015 to February 2016. Fifteen medical, nursing, and ancillary staff members from a large, te...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Koning KL, McNaught A, Tuffin K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mental Health Consumers' Motives for Seeking Advocacy Support: A Qualitative Exploration.
This study addresses the literature gap through presenting a qualitative analysis of 60 records from an advocacy service. Four major themes emerged, across which two key issues were dominant: the sense of fearfulness and disempowerment. These issues accentuate the importance of advocates in enhancing the agency of mental health consumers. PMID: 29094230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stomski NJ, Morrison P, Whitely M, Brennan P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Authors: PMID: 29071655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Neighborhood Effects on PND Symptom Severity for Women Enrolled in a Home Visiting Program.
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the association between postnatal depression (PND) symptoms severity and structural neighborhood characteristics among women enrolled in a home visiting program. The sample included 295 mothers who were at risk for developing PND, observed as 3-month Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores ≥ 10. Two neighborhood predictor components (residential stability and social disadvantage) were analyzed as predictors of PND symptom severity using a generalized estimating equation. Residential stability was negatively associated with PND symptom se...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jones DE, Tang M, Folger A, Ammerman RT, Hossain MM, Short J, Van Ginkel JB Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Utilizing Education and Perspective Taking to Remediate the Stigma of Taking Antidepressants.
Abstract The incidence of depression has been increasing. One of the best interventions for depression is taking antidepressant medications. However, the stigma of taking antidepressants has been shown to be a barrier not only to seeking an antidepressant regimen but also adhering to it. This may have negative consequences for people who suffer from depression. Thus, in two studies, we investigate the incidence of felt stigma of taking antidepressants among clinically depressed individuals who take antidepressants and the effectiveness of two possible interventions to reduce this stigma among others. Study 1 revea...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Martinez LR, Xu S, Hebl M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Giving Back to Families: Evidence and Predictors of Persons with Serious Mental Illness Contributing Help and Support to Families.
This study assessed the extent to which persons with SMI contribute help or support to their families and identified significant predictors of contribution using an analysis of 1 year of clinicians' electronic health record (EHR) notes. EHR notes with reference to families of 226 Veterans with SMI were extracted and classified as suggesting help being given to and/or received from families. Forty-one percent of the sample contributed to family in a variety of ways. More frequent contact with family and being female were significant predictors of contribution. This study underlines the potential for reciprocal relationships...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Haselden M, Dixon LB, Overley A, Cohen AN, Glynn SM, Drapalski A, Piscitelli S, Thorning H Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Prenatal Life Events, Maternal Employment, and Postpartum Depression across a Diverse Population in New York City.
This study examined racial/ethnic disparities in three core postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms, and identified specific predictors of PPD including sociodemographic variables, life stressors and maternal employment. White, African American, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander women from the New York City area (n = 3010) completed the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. African American women were less likely to have PPD than White women. Maternal employment during the postpartum was associated with an increased likelihood of PPD for White women relative to women who were not employed. Li...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liu CH, Phan J, Yasui M, Doan S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Pilot Design and Implementation of an Innovative Mental Health and Wellness Clinic at a Historically Black College/University.
Abstract A pilot mental health and wellness clinic was developed and implemented on the campus of Paul Quinn College, a small Historically Black College and University (HBCU) in Dallas, TX, to address mental health disparities in an African-American student population. Additionally, a series of student engagement activities was developed and implemented to address stigma and enhance linkage to the clinic. The student engagement activities were well attended. In all, 14 students requested a total of 97 appointments during the spring 2016 semester, but attended only 41 appointments. Students sought treatment of a va...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Moore JR, Pollio DE, Hong BA, Valencia C, Sorrell M, North CS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Mixed-Method Assessment of a Pilot Peer Advocate Intervention for Rural Gender and Sexual Minorities.
Abstract Mental health disparities affect lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people in rural America. There are few empirically-based mental health interventions for this population. This exploratory study uses a mixed-method approach to assess implementation issues related to the feasibility, acceptability, appropriateness, and preliminary impacts of a novel peer-based intervention designed to enhance support and treatment engagement among rural LGBTQ people with mental distress and/or addiction issues. Quantitative and qualitative results illuminate intervention strengths and areas for improv...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Willging CE, Harkness A, Israel T, Ley D, Hokanson PS, DeMaria C, Joplin A, Smiley V Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Effectiveness of a Knowledge Translation Cognitive-Educational Intervention for Family Members of Persons Coping with Severe Mental Illness.
Abstract Keshet, a course for family members of persons' coping with mental illness, was developed to enhance positive family cognitive communication skills. Improving communication with the use of mediation techniques, primarily used by therapists, creates a learning environment viewed as a strategy of Knowledge Translation. To examine the effectiveness of Keshet in improving attitudes, problem solving, communication skills and attenuation of burden a quasi-experimental research design was applied with study and control condition. The same group of participants (N = 38) completed questionnaires...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Weiss P, Hadas-Lidor N, Weizman A, Sachs D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The (Surprising) Impact of Televised Antidepressant Direct-to-Consumer Advertising on the Stigmatization of Mental Illness.
This study tests the effect of pharmaceutical Direct-to-Consumer Advertising (DTCA) for antidepressants on perceived stigma surrounding mental disorders. We randomly assigned participants into one of three experimental conditions: antidepressant DTCA with portrayals of discrimination, cognitive separation, and stereotyping (DCSS), antidepressant DTCA without these representations, or a no-exposure control. Contrary to study hypotheses, participants who viewed ads containing portrayals of DCSS were significantly less likely to want to socially distance themselves from those with mental illnesses than those assigned to the n...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rainone N, Oodal R, Niederdeppe J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Possible Protective Effect of Marital Status in Quality of Life Among Elders in a U.S.-Mexico Border City.
-Alvarado P Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine how marital status may have an impact on quality of life in a group of older adults living in a U.S.-Mexico border city. Two-hundred and seventy-six older adults completed the Spanish version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment, composed of four domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. Participants answered a measure of sociodemographic variables. In the psychological health component of quality of life, single and married older adults had the highest scores as compared to widowed a...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gutiérrez-Vega M, Esparza-Del Villar OA, Carrillo-Saucedo IC, Montañez-Alvarado P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Are Indigenous Determinants of Health Associated with Self-Reported Health Professional-Diagnosed Anxiety Disorders Among Canadian First Nations Adults?: Findings from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.
Abstract We estimated the prevalence of self-reported health professional-diagnosed anxiety disorders among Canadian First Nations adults living off-reserve, and assessed the relationship between anxiety disorders and Indigenous determinants of health (Status Indian, residential school attendance, knowledge of Indigenous language, and participation in traditional activities) using the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey. Multivariable logistic regression models were performed using bootstrap weights. The prevalence of anxiety disorders was 14.5% among off-reserve First Nations adults. There was an increased odds of anx...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nasreen S, Brar R, Brar S, Maltby A, Wilk P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
PMID: 28887740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Feldman JM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Risk Factors for and Consequences of Substance Use in Post-Conflict Liberia: A Qualitative Study.
This study examined the current risk factors for and consequences of substance use in Monrovia, Liberia. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 substance users and 21 key informants. Findings support that Liberia's civil war played a role in increasing substance use, but also that additional risk factors continue to generate substance use today. This study provides insights into the roles of civil war and additional risk factors for substance use in Liberia. Recommendations for substance use-related policies and programs are provided. PMID: 28866762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Prust ML, Curry L, Callands TA, Drakes J, McLean K, Harris B, Hansen NB Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Transitions from Assertive Community Treatment Among Urban and Rural Teams: Identifying Barriers, Service Options, and Strategies.
Abstract An emerging focus of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) teams is the transition of clients to less intensive services, which creates space for individuals in need of ACT and is consistent with a recovery orientation of treatment. However, there is limited research on team transition rates, post-ACT services, and strategies to overcome transition barriers. In addition, few studies have examined differences in these factors among urban and rural ACT teams. To address these knowledge gaps, we interviewed eight ACT teams in urban and rural areas of eastern Ontario regarding their transition rates, processes ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: LeFebvre AM, Dare B, Farrell SJ, Cuddeback GS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Associations of Area-Level Violent Crime Rates and Self-Reported Violent Crime Exposure with Adolescent Behavioral Health.
Abstract The effects of witnessing and experiencing crime have seldom been disaggregated. Little research has assessed the effect of multiple exposures to crime. We assess independent contributions of self-reported crime and area-level crime to adolescent behavioral health outcomes. Cross sectional data on 5519 adolescents from the Comprehensive Community Mental Health Services for Children and their Families Program was linked to FBI crime rate data to assess associations of mutually exclusive categories of self-reported crime exposure and area-level crime rates with mental health and substance abuse. Self-report...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Grinshteyn EG, Xu H, Manteuffel B, Ettner SL Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Promising Practices for Making Recreation Programming Matter for People who Experience Mental Illness.
Abstract There is merit in understanding how recreation-oriented programs for adults living with mental illness address barriers to participation and how programming is structured to create safe and inclusive environments, resulting in programming that amplifies the benefits of recreation for mental well-being. Following an environmental scan of programs targeting adults living with mental illness in Canada, ten coordinators in community mental health settings were interviewed. Four themes were constructed to reflect characteristics deemed to be 'promising practices' related to recreation-oriented programming: (a)...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hutchinson SL, Fenton L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Do Direct Survivors of Terrorism Remaining in the Disaster Community Show Better Long-Term Outcome than Survivors Who Relocate?
own S Abstract Little is known about whether, compared to terrorism survivors who relocated to another area, better long-term outcome occurs in terrorism survivors who remain in the community, which may offer social support and formal services as well as ongoing trauma reminders and adversities. A cross-sectional telephone survey of OKC bombing survivors 19 years later assessed current symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression; posttraumatic growth; life satisfaction; medical conditions; alcohol use and smoking. We interviewed 138 survivors-114 (82.6%) remaining in OKC area and 24 (17.4%) relocated. Remaining ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tucker P, Pfefferbaum B, Nitiéma P, Wendling TL, Brown S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Long-Term Effectiveness of the Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training Program: Lessons from Missouri.
This article presents both immediate and 2-year follow-up analyses of QPR trainees who work with youth, specifically examining changes in knowledge, self-efficacy, and help-giving behaviors. Results indicate both short- and long-term positive outcomes in knowledge and self-efficacy, supporting use of QPR. PMID: 28840363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 24, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Litteken C, Sale E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Longitudinal Analysis of the Influence of a Peer Run Warm Line Phone Service on Psychiatric Recovery.
This study highlights the complexity of psychiatric recovery and that nonclinical peer services like peer run warm lines may be critical to the process. PMID: 28831687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dalgin RS, Dalgin MH, Metzger SJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Predictors of Disordered Eating in Young Males.
Abstract Recent findings suggest that disordered eating (DE) symptomatology may be underestimated in the male population. The present study examined depressive symptomatology as a potential mediator of the relationships between body image dissatisfaction, strategies to change body weight and muscles, media pressure, and DE (emotional, restrained and emotional eating) in 260 male undergraduates who completed a self-reported questionnaire. Path analyses indicated that media influence and strategies to decrease body weight had direct positive effects on depressive symptomatology, which in turn predicted emotional eat...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 19, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Doumit R, Abi Kharma J, Sanchez-Ruiz MJ, Zeeni N Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Measuring Recurring Stigma in the Lives of Individuals with Mental Illness.
We present an exploratory factor analysis of the 8-item Daily Indignities of Mental Illness (DIMI) scale, created to measure the detection and perceptions of recurring stigma among individuals with recent psychiatric hospitalizations. Structured in-person interviews were conducted with individuals with recent psychiatric hospitalizations in metropolitan New York. The 8-item DIMI scale's internal consistency for the sample (n = 65), measured by Cronbach's alpha, was 0.869. Statistically significantly higher DIMI scale scores were observed among individuals with more than 2 psychotic episodes and those reportin...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ezell JM, Choi CJ, Wall MM, Link BG Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Forensic Assertive Community Treatment in a Continuum of Care for Male Internees in Belgium: Results After 33 Months.
In this study, we examined non-forensic and forensic outcome measures of a forensic adaptation of ACT (ForACT) within a continuum of care for internees. Data were collected retrospectively from files of 70 participants in the ForACT group who had been released from a forensic hospital. The control group comprised internees who had left prison and entered community-based care (n = 56). The ForACT group demonstrated significantly better outcomes on forensic measures, such as arrests and incarcerations, and had better community tenure. However, this group showed high hospitalization rates. The findings indicate ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marquant T, Sabbe B, Van Nuffel M, Verelst R, Goethals K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Evaluation of Community-Based Cessation Programs: How Do Smokers with Behavioral Health Conditions Fare?
Abstract Though persons with behavioral health conditions experience large disparities in tobacco use, questions about the efficacy of evidence-based tobacco use treatment remain understudied in community health settings. This evaluation examined outcomes from eight community-based tobacco cessation programs for participants with and without behavioral health conditions (n = 974 participants). The majority (64.8%) of participants reported one or more current behavioral health conditions, including mental illness and/or substance abuse. Participants who used cessation medication during the program and...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meernik C, McCullough A, Ranney L, Walsh B, Goldstein AO Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Training for Direct Support Staff at Group Homes for People with Chronic Mental Illness.
Abstract For people with chronic mental illness, their support system (including direct support staff at group homes) play a key role in ameliorating exacerbations leading to crisis care. However, little information exists on curriculum or training programs focused on reducing exacerbations while promoting compassionate care. We developed, implemented and evaluated such a program that featured role-playing and animated videos supplemented with limited didactics. During development phase, direct support staff reviewed videos and rated them as depicting realistic situations with high acceptability. During implementa...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amirsadri A, Pizzuti A, Smith D, Duckett D, Arfken CL Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Erratum to: Decreasing the Stigma of Mental Illness Through a Student-Nurse Mentoring Program: A Qualitative Study.
PMID: 28744753 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fokuo JK, Goldrick V, Rossetti J, Wahlstrom C, Kundert C, Larson J, Corrigan P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Prior Experiences of Behavioral Health Treatment among Uninsured Young Adults Served in a Psychiatric Crisis Setting.
This study qualitatively explored the past treatment experiences of uninsured young adults who sought public emergency psychiatric care. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a racially diverse sample of 55 young adults (ages 18-25) using a semi-structured interview guide, and analyzed using a team-based open coding approach. Findings emerged in three broad areas-provider-related factors, treatment-related factors, and environmental factors. Young adults talked about the importance of providers respecting and listening to them, the perceived advantages and disadvantages of therapy and medication treatment, and aspects...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Narendorf SC, Wagner R, Fedoravicius N, Washburn M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Italian Version of the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Healthcare Providers: Validation and Study on a Sample of Bachelor Students.
Abstract Prejudices on psychiatric disorders frequently turn into stigmatizating attitudes, also among health care providers. The Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) was introduced in 2012 to measure stigma. No Italian versions of this tool exist so far. We wanted to investigate stigma among healthcare students in Italy, and to prepare an Italian version of the scale. A multicentric, cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, and Dietistics students. The Italian version of the scale was obtained through back-translation. 561 students...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Destrebecq A, Ferrara P, Frattini L, Pittella F, Rossano G, Striano G, Terzoni S, Gambini O Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Assessing the Impact and Effectiveness of Hearing Voices Network Self-Help Groups.
This study presents the first systematic assessment of the impact and effectiveness of HVN self-help groups. A customized 45-item questionnaire, the Hearing Voices Groups Survey, was sent to 62 groups affiliated with the English HVN. 101 responses were received. Group attendance was credited with a range of positive emotional, social and clinical outcomes. Aspects that were particularly valued included: opportunities to meet other voice hearers, provision of support that was unavailable elsewhere, and the group being a safe and confidential place to discuss difficult issues. Participants perceived HVN groups to facilitate ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Longden E, Read J, Dillon J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Impact of a Community-Based Frailty Intervention Among Middle-Aged and Older Prefrail and Frail Homeless Women: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.
Abstract Interventions are needed to address frailty and other behaviors (e.g., drug and alcohol use) among prefrail and frail homeless women (P/FHW). The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to compare the efficacy of a Frailty Intervention (FI) versus a Health Promotion (HP) program among P/FHW (N = 32). Structured instruments assessed sociodemographics, individual, situational, health-related, and behavioral factors. While program differences were not statistically significant with the main outcome variables, medium-to-large effect sizes were found in favor of the HP program...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 24, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salem BE, Ma-Pham J, Chen S, Brecht ML, Antonio AL, Ames M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Money, Social Relationships and the Sense of Self: The Consequences of an Improved Financial Situation for Persons Suffering from Serious Mental Illness.
Abstract During a 9-month period, 100 persons with SMI were given approx. 73 USD per month above their normal income. Sixteen of the subjects were interviewed. The interviews were analysed according to the methods of thematic analysis. The money was used for personal pleasure and to re-establish reciprocal relations to others. The ways in which different individuals used the money at their disposal impacted their sense of self through experiences of mastery, agency, reciprocity, recognition and security. The findings underline the importance of including social circumstances in our understanding of mental health p...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Topor A, Ljungqvist I Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mental Health Nurses Attitudes and Practice Toward Physical Health Care in Jordan.
Abstract Patients with mental illnesses are at high risk for physical disorders and death. The aim of this study is to describe mental health nurses' attitudes and practice toward physical health care for patients with mental illnesses. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to collect data using self- reported questionnaire from 202 mental health nurses working in mental health settings in Jordan. The study adopted translated version of Robson and Haddad Physical Health Attitudes Scale to the Arabic language. There was significant positive correlation between the participants' positive attitudes and their ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ganiah AN, Al-Hussami M, Alhadidi MMB Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Inpatient Profile of Patients with Major Depression in Portuguese National Health System Hospitals, in 2008 and 2013: Variation in a Time of Economic Crisis.
This study analyses the association between economic crisis and the inpatient profile of major depression in the working-age population in Portuguese National Health System hospitals. This was an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. An individual analysis of hospitalisation and an ecological analysis at district level, were performed before 2008 and during the crisis (2013). Data on the hospitalisation episodes, working-age population and psychiatric inpatient beds were analysed. An increase in hospitalisation rates for major depression were observed, and across country, high spatial variations were percei...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rodrigues DFS, Nunes C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Navigating the Disability Determination Process from the Perspective of Incarcerated Adults with Serious Mental Illnesses.
Abstract In the U.S. serious mental illness (SMI) is common in jails, which are often primary healthcare providers. Incarceration and healthcare are intertwined-lack of care access increases the risk of imprisonment which decreases care access. This case study explores a jail program which assists people with SMI with the disability determination process. Interviews with employees (n = 4) and clients (n = 25), and administrative data from jail databases on recidivism, benefit receipt, and demographics highlight the importance of reentry planning and access to resources in crime desistan...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: McCauley E, Samples L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
An Exploratory Analysis of Unhealthy and Abusive Relationships for Adults with Serious Mental Illnesses Living in Supportive Housing.
Abstract Individuals living with serious mental illness are at high risk of chronic homelessness, victimization, and intimate partner violence. In recent years, supportive housing programs have emerged as one way to prevent homelessness and victimization for this population, while also expanding social interactions and social networks. In concert with a focal supportive housing program, this research conducted two focus groups with 18 individuals who have a serious mental illness diagnosis. The authors sought to answer the research question, "What are perceptions of healthy and unhealthy relationships among f...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Forenza B, Bermea AM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
An Exploration of Factors that Effect the Implementation of Peer Support Services in Community Mental Health Settings.
This study explored the integration of peer services into community mental health settings through qualitative interviews with peer-providers and non-peer mental health workers. Results show peer job satisfaction was contingent upon role clarity, autonomy, and acceptance by non-peer coworkers. Mental health workers reported the need for organizational support for peer services and guidance about how to utilize peers, negotiate their professional boundaries and accommodate their mental health needs. Effective peer integration requires organizational readiness, staff preparation and clear policies and procedures. Consultatio...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mancini MA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Resilience and Depressive Symptoms among Korean Americans with History of Traumatic Life Experience.
This study investigates socio-demographic characteristics and resilience and depressive symptoms among Korean Americans (KAs) with traumatic life experiences. Community-residing 285 KAs living in New York City and Teaneck, New Jersey completed questionnaires measuring traumatic life experiences, depressive symptoms, and resilience. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlations, and two-step hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted. 54% of KAs with traumatic life experiences reported at least mild depressive symptoms; greater resilience was associated with fewer such symptoms. English proficiency, length of...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bernstein K, Park SY, Nokes KM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Higher Impulsivity and HIV-Risk Taking Behaviour in Males with Alcohol Dependence Compared to Bipolar Mania: A Pilot Study.
Abstract To study the association of impulsivity, high-risk behaviours and incidence of HIV infection in patients with alcohol dependence and bipolar mania. This was a cross-sectional hospital-based pilot study and the sample consisted of male patients divided into three groups: 25 patients with alcohol dependence and 25 with bipolar mania as per ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research and 25 normal controls. Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire (SADQ) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) were administered on alcohol dependent and bipolar patients, respectively. All three groups were rated on Barrett's Impu...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rai S, Mishra BR, Sarkar S, Praharaj SK, Das S, Maiti R, Agrawal N, Nizami SH Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Attachment and Mental Help-Seeking in the Perinatal Period: The Role of Stigma.
This study aimed at (1) examining how women's attachment representations influence their intentions to seek formal help for their emotional problems, either directly or by affecting attitudes towards professional help-seeking (stigma and psychological openness), and (2) examining whether these effects are moderated by the presence of clinically significant psychopathological symptoms. A cross-sectional online survey including 226 women during the perinatal period was conducted. Results showed that, when clinically significant psychopathological symptoms were present, women's more insecure attachment representations were as...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fonseca A, Moura-Ramos M, Canavarro MC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Randomized, Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of a Psychoeducational Intervention on Family Caregivers of Patients with Mental Disorders.
edo L Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a psychoeducational intervention on caregivers of patients assisted by the Center for Psychosocial Health Care (CPHC) focusing on the patient's psychopathology. This was a randomized clinical trial with 130 caregivers with higher mean burden scores assessed using the Zarit Burden Interview Scale (ZBI) (66 caregivers in the intervention group and 64 in the control group). The intervention included six home visits of psychoeducational interventions according to each mental disorder identified in the CPHC records. The intervention group had a ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tabeleão V, Tomasi E, de Avila Quevedo L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Supporting Shared Decision-making for Children's Complex Behavioral Problems: Development and User Testing of an Option Grid ™ Decision Aid.
Supporting Shared Decision-making for Children's Complex Behavioral Problems: Development and User Testing of an Option Grid™ Decision Aid. Community Ment Health J. 2017 Apr 11;: Authors: Barnett ER, Boucher EA, Daviss WB, Elwyn G Abstract There is a lack of research to guide collaborative treatment decision-making for children who have complex behavioral problems, despite the extensive use of mental health services in this population. We developed and pilot-tested a one-page Option Grid™ patient decision aid to facilitate shared decision-making for these situations. An editorial team of p...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barnett ER, Boucher EA, Daviss WB, Elwyn G Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Associations Among Depressive Symptoms, Wellness, Patient Involvement, Provider Cultural Competency, and Treatment Nonadherence: A Pilot Study Among Community Patients Seen at a University Medical Center.
Abstract Treatment nonadherence is a pernicious problem associated with increasing rates of chronic diseases, escalating healthcare costs, and rising mortality in some patients. Although researchers have suggested numerous factors related to treatment nonadherence, several understudied aspects warrant attention, such as primary-care settings, provider cultural competence, and patient involvement. Adding to the research base, the present pilot study examined 88 primarily Black American and White American community patients from a large university medical center in the southern part of the United States. The study e...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hooper LM, Huffman LE, Higginbotham JC, Mugoya GC, Smith AK, Dumas TN Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research