Causal Pathways Between Severe Mental Illness and Behaviors Related to HIV: Patient Perspectives.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to identify causal pathways between HIV infection and severe mental illness. Data were collected through open-ended, semi-structured interviews. An integrated approach to the analysis, using inductive and deductive coding, was used to identify patterns among respondents. Standardized instruments were used to characterize the sample in terms of risk behaviors, physical and mental functioning and depression. Twenty-six men and women with a diagnosis of HIV and unipolar depression (n = 11) or schizophrenia/schizoaffective versus bipolar disorder (n = ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sahota PC, Cakouros BE, Russell R, Hassler M, Blank MB, Barg FK Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

"I'm Not Telling an Illness Story. I'm Telling a Story of Opportunity": Making Sense of Voice Hearing Experiences.
This study aimed to explore how adults with lived experiences of voice hearing, who have participated in hearing voices groups based on approaches of the Hearing Voices Movement, understand their voice hearing experiences (VHE). A phenomenological approach guided the study design. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with five participants who attended a hearing voices group. Participants experienced a journey of understanding VHE. The overarching theme 'tension and recalibration' permeated five themes: beliefs about voices; navigating the relationship with my voices; learning to live with my voices; rediscov...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Clements S, Coniglio F, Mackenzie L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predictors of Mental Health Disorder Among the Adolescent Living in the Slums of Lucknow, India: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Abstract India is the home of more than 253 million adolescents, which account for almost 21% of the country's population. In the recent past, there has been a rise in the prevalence of mental illness and maladaptive behaviours among adolescents living in slum populations, which are increasing at an alarming rate in many developing countries, mainly due to rural-urban migration, are characterized by poverty, poor housing, overcrowding, poor environment, and high prevalence of communicable diseases. This neglected population has become a major reservoir for a broad spectrum of adverse health conditions. Studies on ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chauhan SK, Dhar M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

A Single-Item Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) Measure for Assessing Depression Among College Students.
n F Abstract There is an increased need for efficient, low-cost methods to collect information on a range of widely prevalent mental health outcomes in the general population that can be administered outside of clinical settings. We evaluate the validity of a single-item Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for assessing the presence and severity of depression and compare its performance with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) depression scale using a large non-clinical sample (N = 1816) of college students from Switzerland. The VAS scale is strongly correlated with the PHQ-9 total score (0.61) and its ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Huang Z, Kohler IV, Kämpfen F Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Patient Satisfaction of Community Mental Health Services: A Multilevel Approach.
Abstract Community care is increasingly the mainstay of mental healthcare provision in many countries and patient satisfaction is an important barometer of quality of patient care. This paper explores the key factors associated with patient satisfaction with community mental health services in England and then compares providers' performance on patient satisfaction. Our analysis is based on patient-level responses from the community mental health survey, which is run annually by the Care Quality Commission (CQC) for the years 2010 to 2013. We perform a repeated cross-section analysis, identifying factors associate...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stamboglis N, Jacobs R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Psychological Security, Psychological Loneliness, and Age as the Predictors of Cyber-Bullying Among University Students.
Abstract The present study aimed to explore the relationship between cyber-bullying and psychological security, psychological loneliness, and age. In other words, it sought to identify the predictive power of these three variables on cyber-bullying among university students. Participants were 426 male and female Saudi university students aged between 18 and 36 years (M = 21.00, SD = 2.42). Three scales were used to probe cyber-bullying and psychological security and loneliness. Data analysis revealed that 17.6% of the participants were cyber-bullies. Significant differences in cyber-bullying were found by gender (...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Al Qudah MF, Al-Barashdi HS, Hassan EMAH, Albursan IS, Heilat MQ, Bakhiet SFA, Al-Khadher MA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Proactive Tobacco Treatment in a Behavioral Health Home.
This study tested feasibility of, satisfaction with, and safety of proactive tobacco treatment (tobacco outreach to offer connection to tobacco cessation treatment). Behavioral health home patients who smoke were randomly assigned to usual care (UC; N = 11) or proactive care (PC; N = 9). All participants were called 3-months post-randomization for follow-up. PC patients reported high satisfaction with the program and experienced no adverse events or mental health symptom exacerbation during treatment. PC patients reported greater reductions in cigarettes per day, more quit attempts, and more ces...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Japuntich SJ, Dunne EM, Krieger NH, Ryan PM, Rogers E, Sherman SE, Fu SS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Sex Differences on Quality of Life and Mental Health Outcomes When Using a Brief Cognitive-Behavioral Skill Building Intervention with Adolescent Syrian Refugees: A Secondary Analysis.
Abstract Little is known about how sex as a biological variable may contribute to differences in quality of life (QOL) and mental health outcomes following a brief intervention among adolescent Syrian refugees. This paper explores the results of a secondary data analysis to investigate differences by sex on self-reported QOL and mental health outcomes among Syrian refugees who participated in a 7-session cognitive behavioral skills building intervention. A one group pretest-posttest design was used to deliver the intervention to 31 adolescent refugees (13-17 years; 15 male, and 16 female). At baseline, there ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kazandjian C, Militello LK, Doumit R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predictors of Symptoms of Depression Among Individuals Seeking Treatment from Australian Drug and Alcohol Outpatient Clinics.
This study examined the prevalence of and sociodemographic characteristics associated with elevated symptoms of depression among clients seeking alcohol or other drug (AOD) treatment. Consenting clients attending two AOD outpatient clinics answered demographics, treatment questions and the Patient Health Questionnaire to assess depressive symptoms. Counts and percentages were calculated to determine the prevalence of elevated depressive symptoms. Logistic regression was used to model the odds of having elevated depressive symptoms for client demographics. Of the 203 clients who completed the survey (87% consent rate), 55% ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hobden B, Carey M, Bryant J, Sanson-Fisher R, Oldmeadow C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Immigration and Language Factors Related to Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation in Asian American Adolescents and Young Adults.
This study examined the effects of immigration and language factors on depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among Asian American adolescents and young adults during three developmental periods. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, linear regression and linear probability models were used for the data analyses. A significant group difference was observed in suicidal ideation between Asian American youth who were born in the U.S. and whose families spoke English at home and all other Asian American youth. Differences between ethnic groups were found in the mean scores of depressive sympto...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Park SY, Park SY Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Empathy, Experience and Cultural Beliefs Determine the Attitudes Towards Depression Among Pakistani Medical Students.
Abstract The educated echelons of the Pakistani society as well as the medical fraternity have consistently reported poor knowledge of mental illnesses in past surveys. This poor knowledge further translates into poorer attitudes toward psychiatric patients in Pakistani hospitals. However, a paucity of data on predictors of attitude toward depression among Pakistani medical students, warrants further in depth investigations. This cross-sectional study was conducted in two medical colleges in the province of Punjab, Pakistan from January to July 2017. The data were collected conveniently, using a self-administered ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Waqas A, Naveed S, Makhmoor A, Malik A, Hassan H, Aedma KK Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Are the "Right" People Selected for First Disclosures About Suicidal Thoughts? Exploring What We Know About Advance Care Planning in the Context of Safety Planning.
Are the "Right" People Selected for First Disclosures About Suicidal Thoughts? Exploring What We Know About Advance Care Planning in the Context of Safety Planning. Community Ment Health J. 2019 Sep 11;: Authors: Fulginiti A, Frey LM Abstract Nominating primary confidants (i.e., safety plan nominees) is central to safety planning for suicide but there is a dearth of research about such confidants-a serious oversight given their high-leverage position to affect pathways into clinical care. Informed by advance care planning (ACP) work, this study examined differences between social network mem...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fulginiti A, Frey LM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Barriers to Seeking and Accepting Treatment for Perinatal Depression: A Qualitative Study in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Abstract Few studies have investigated the reasons why pregnant and puerperal women fail to seek or accept treatment for perinatal depression in low- and middle-income countries, where there is a high prevalence of this disorder. To help fill this gap, this study investigated the factors influencing the decision not to seek or to refuse treatment for perinatal depression in a low-income community in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Qualitative research was conducted in two primary health care units in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 2017-2018. Five focus groups were held with 26 women. Convenience sampling was used, and the samp...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Baldisserotto ML, Miranda Theme M, Gomez LY, Dos Reis TBQ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Two Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy Programs for Schizophrenia: Results of a Short-Term Randomized Control Trial.
This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of two different cognitive-behavioural therapy programs in patients with schizophrenia and clarify which techniques are more effective on psychotic symptoms. With this purpose, 39 schizophrenia outpatients-assessed by independent assessors using Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms, Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms and by researchers using Psychotic Symptoms Rating Scales-were randomly assigned to routine care (RC), RC plus COPE-CBT or RC plus CBT groups. The repeated measures ANOVA results show that there was a significant reduction in the severity and fr...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mortan Sevi O, Tekinsav Sutcu S, Yesilyurt S, Turan Eroglu S, Gunes B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Is Religiosity Related to Suicidal Ideation Among Tunisian Muslim Youth After the January 14th Revolution?
Abstract Religiosity has been hypothesized to play protective roles against suicide. In Tunisia, despite the gravity of the issue after the 2011 Revolution and the rise of suicide rates among adolescents and young adults, a significant lack of data remains. The present work aimed to evaluate the associations between suicide and religiosity in university students. The Suicidal Ideations Questionnaire and The Arabic Religiosity scale were used to determine associations between suicidality and religiosity. We found a strong negative correlations found between suicidal ideations and the three sub-scores of religiosity...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fekih-Romdhane F, Tounsi A, Ben Rejeb R, Cheour M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Disordered Eating Pathology and Body Image Among Adolescent Girls in Israel: The Role of Sense of Coherence.
Abstract Disordered eating pathology (DEP) represents a range of behaviors and attitudes, from negative body image to full blown eating disorders, appearing mainly in adolescent females. DEP is related to a plethora of biological and psychological factors, including various coping strategies. Sense of coherence (SOC) is a coping mechanism defined as an external and internal ability to adapt to stress and has been found to be associated with better mental health outcomes. However, SOC has not been examined in relation to DEP. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the relationship between SOC, DEP and body ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Latzer Y, Weinberger-Litman SL, Spivak-Lavi Z, Tzischinsky O Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Peer-Delivered Trauma Treatment in a Rural Community: A Randomized Non-inferiority Trial.
This study demonstrated non-inferiority of peer-delivered SS compared to clinician-delivered SS for reducing PTSD symptoms and similar outcomes for both groups with respect to coping skills. A confirmatory study on the effectiveness of peer-delivered trauma-specific services is warranted, especially given the potential for increasing access to such treatment in underserved rural communities. PMID: 31338716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Crisanti AS, Murray-Krezan C, Reno J, Killough C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services Among Canadian Sexual and Gender Minorities with Depression and at Risk of Suicide.
This study examines barriers to mental health services among sexual and gender minorities (SGM) who screened positive for depression and risk of suicide. Data from an online survey of SGM (N = 2778) are analyzed. 37.5% met criteria for depression and 73.6% screened for being at risk of suicide. The most frequently cited barriers to mental health services access were inability to pay (62.3%), insufficient insurance (52.2%), a preference for 'waiting' for the problems to go away (51.5%), discomfort discussing emotions (45.7%), and feeling embarrassed and ashamed about mental health challenges (42.5%). Policy an...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ferlatte O, Salway T, Rice S, Oliffe JL, Rich AJ, Knight R, Morgan J, Ogrodniczuk JS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

"Not Just One, It's Both of Us": Low-Income Mothers' Perceptions of Structural Family Therapy Delivered in a Semi-rural Community Mental Health Center.
"Not Just One, It's Both of Us": Low-Income Mothers' Perceptions of Structural Family Therapy Delivered in a Semi-rural Community Mental Health Center. Community Ment Health J. 2019 Jul 19;: Authors: Weaver A, Greeno CG, Fusco R, Zimmerman T, Anderson CM Abstract Qualitative methods were used to explore mothers' perceptions of structural family therapy (SFT) delivered in a semi-rural community mental health clinic. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen mothers who received SFT after seeking services for their children. Thematic analysis suggests mothers found SFT a...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Weaver A, Greeno CG, Fusco R, Zimmerman T, Anderson CM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Attitudes of Community-Leading Occupational Groups Towards Mental Illnesses: The Sample of a City in Western Turkey.
Abstract This descriptive study aims to determine attitudes of community-leading occupational groups towards mental illnesses. The sample of this descriptive study consisted of a total of 1100 participants from clergymen, headmen, teachers, policemen and primary healthcare professionals working in Düzce, Turkey. Data were collected using the Personal Information Form and the Beliefs Toward Mental Illness Scale-BTMIS. Occupational groups were determined to have moderate beliefs about mental diseases according to their BTMIS scale total scores. The occupational groups that had most negative beliefs toward menta...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karaca A, Acikgoz F, Cangur S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Changes in Stigma Experience Among Mental Health Service Users over Time: A Qualitative Study with Focus Groups.
Abstract Public expenditure on mental health education has grown exponentially in the past two decades. A qualitative study using focus groups was used to explore whether the experience of stigma among 22 mental health service users improved over time. We identified five major themes on changes in social stigma, perceived stigma, and stigma coping. Stigmatizing and discriminatory experiences were still common in workplace, healthcare system, and relational aspects but some participants perceived that there were reductions in social stigma. Participants believed that media portrayal and celebrity effect were import...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chung KF, Tse S, Lee CT, Chan WM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Changing Rates of Mental Health Disorders Among Veterans Treated in the VHA During Troop Drawdown, 2007-2013.
Abstract Nationally representative data on mental health disorder prevalence are critical to set informed mental health priorities and policies. Data indicating mental health diagnoses within our nation's veteran population treated at the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) are available, but have yet to be examined for changing trends to inform both VHA and community care. We use VHA national program evaluation data from a time of increasing military enrollment (2007) to troop draw down (2013) to examine changes over time in the number of diagnoses in veterans receiving VHA services. The number of veterans in al...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hunt MG, Cuddeback GS, Bromley E, Bradford DW, Hoff RA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Incorporating a Physical Activity Program into an Assertive Community Treatment Team: Impact and Strategies.
The objective of this brief report is to present an overview of the main benefits and key characteristics of an individualized physical activity program delivered by an assertive community treatment team in Ottawa, Canada. A mixed-method case study was conducted over a 9-month period. Findings revealed significant reductions in weight, BMI and waist circumference (p 
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Guérin E, Dupuis JP, Jacob JD, Prud'homme D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Public Knowledge of, Perceptions About and Attitudes Towards Dementia: A Cross-Sectional Survey Among Lebanese Primary Health Care Attenders.
Abstract Dementia is a leading cause of dependency and disability among older adults. Minimal knowledge, poor attitudes and negative perceptions are barriers of dementia early screening, diagnosis and treatment. This is the first study that assesses knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of dementia among a Middle Eastern population. Two hundred and fifty-four Lebanese adults not having dementia attending primary healthcare centers in the capital of Lebanon were interviewed using an Arabic version of the 2010 Northern Ireland Life and Times survey. The highest proportion of the participants (61%) had low knowledge s...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hamieh N, Sharara E, Salibi N, Mrad P, Chaaya M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

With Small Power, Comes Great Responsibility: Lessons Learned from an Evaluation of Veteran and Military Mental Health Public Awareness Campaigns.
This study was conducted to determine the feasibility of conducting a cost-benefit evaluation of federally-funded media campaigns encouraging mental health help-seeking among United States military personnel and veterans. To calculate the necessary sample size for the evaluation, we obtained campaign costs, and determined the number of treatment seekers needed for the campaign to break even with its cost and the associated population change that an evaluation would need to detect. The sample size needed for an evaluation with 80% power was greater than the total population of U.S. military personnel and veterans. Given tha...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Acosta JD, Ashwood JS, Schell TL, Cerully JL Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Predictors of Post-Treatment Employment for Individuals with Substance Use Disorders.
This study examined the influence of gender, post-treatment issue severities, and treatment participation rate on the post-treatment employment status of consumers with substance use disorders. The study analyzed the archival data of 100 unemployed and underemployed participants from a substance abuse intensive outpatient program. We found significant differences in the characteristics of gender, severity of alcohol use, drug use, psychiatric issues, and treatment participation rate. Female gender and low treatment participation rates negatively predicted employment. This study increased understanding about the interplay o...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kim M, Leierer S, Jeon J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Stigma and Discrimination Towards Mental Illness: Translation and Validation of the Turkish Version of the Attribution Questionnaire-27 (AQ-27-T).
Abstract The stigmatization towards mental illness has significant effects on the quality of life both for the people with a psychiatric disorder and their families. The aim of this study was to translate the Attribution Questionnaire-27(AQ-27) to the Turkish language, and to evaluate the reliability and validity of new Turkish version on a multi-centered selected adult sample. Cultural adaptation was implemented according to the internationally suggested method. The Turkish version of AQ-27 (AQ-27-T) was applied to a total of 424 participants (221 females) included to study. As a result; a good internal consisten...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Akyurek G, Efe A, Kayihan H Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Profiles of Clinical Need Among Homeless Individuals with Dual Diagnoses.
This study explored patterns of clinical need among homeless individuals with dual diagnoses, and explored whether certain profiles are characteristic of different demographic groups. Data were drawn from two larger studies conducted with dually diagnosed, homeless individuals (n = 373). Hierarchical cluster analysis identified four subgroups: (1) Clinically least severe, characterized by less frequent psychological symptoms and no history of physical or sexual abuse; (2) Moderate clinical needs, including shorter history of substance use and less frequent psychological symptoms, but symptoms consistent with ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Holzhauer CG, Byrne T, Simmons MM, Smelson D, Epstein EE Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Socio-demographic Correlates of Child Marriages: A Study from Turkey.
Abstract The present study was aimed at determining the factors affecting women's decisions of early marriage. The study sample comprised 651 women who were in the 30 and under age group, and had gotten married during their childhood. The study data were collected using the questionnaire developed by the researchers through a literature review. In the present study, those who had Romani ethnic origin, who were primary school graduates, who had parents with lower education and/or whom had low income got married at a younger age. Most of the women who had early marriages were unemployed and vulnerable to spousal vio...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Duran S, Tepehan Eraslan S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Investigation of Problematic Mobile Phones Use and Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) Level in Adolescents.
Abstract The aim of the study is to define problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) and level of fear of missing out developments in social media (FoMO) in adolescents. The study sample consisted of 1630 students. The data were collected using fear of missing out scale (FoMOS), and scale for problematic mobile phone use (PU). Statistically significant differences were found the mean scores on PU according to gender, age, and academic success. The students' mean scores on PU and FoMOS were found to significant difference depending on frequency of social media and phone use. A significant relationship was found between t...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Coskun S, Karayagız Muslu G Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Significance of Leaders for Sustained Use of Evidence-Based Practices: A Qualitative Focus-Group Study with Mental Health Practitioners.
Abstract Evidence-based practices that are implemented in mental health services are often challenging to sustain. In this focus-group study, 26 mental health practitioners with high fidelity scores were interviewed regarding their experiences with implementing the illness management and recovery, an evidence-based practice for people with severe mental disorders, in their services and how this could influence further use. Findings indicate that high fidelity is not equivalent to successful implementation. Rather, to sustain the practice in services, the practitioners emphasized the importance of their leaders bei...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Egeland KM, Hauge MI, Ruud T, Ogden T, Heiervang KS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Effect of Counselling on Depression and Anxiety of Women with Unplanned Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Abstract This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 80 Iranian pregnant women with unplanned pregnancy. The participants were randomly assigned to two groups of intervention and control. The intervention group received one to three sessions of individual counseling and six sessions of group counseling each week in six consecutive weeks, and the control group received routine care. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were completed by the participants before and 4 weeks after the intervention. There was no significant difference between groups in te...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ekrami F, Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi S, Babapour Kheiroddin J, Mirghafourvand M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Trashing Property: Characteristics of Psychiatric Patients Who Engage in Domestic Property Damaging.
Abstract This descriptive record-based study included 75 patients who had engaged in domestic property damaging (DPD) and needed assessment by an urban emergency psychiatric service team in The Netherlands. The DPD patients were compared to 1145 other patients referred because of aggression, suicidality or other reasons. DPD patients were more often diagnosed with a psychotic disorder or a manic episode, had more often a migration background, were less often diagnosed with depression, and had lower GAF scores. There were no differences with respect to personality disorders or substance use. DPD patients were two t...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Postma A, Bekmann S, Havenaar JM, Braam AW Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

A Multi-sourced Data Analytics Approach to Measuring and Assessing Biopsychosocial Complexity: The Vancouver Community Analytics Tool Complexity Module (VCAT-CM).
This article describes the conceptualization, design and development of a novel software tool (the VCAT-Complexity Module) that can calculate and report real-time person-oriented biopsychosocial complexity profiles, using multiple data sources. The tool aligns with a profile approach to conceptualizing health outcomes, and represents a potentially significant advance over disease-oriented complexity assessment tools. The results and face validity of the software's complexity score outputs are discussed, along with their practical implications on functions related to the development of primary care within Vancouver Coastal ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shukor AR, Joe R, Sincraian G, Klazinga N, Kringos DS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Towards Understanding the Relationship Between Psychosocial Factors and Ego Resilience Among Primary School Children in a Kenyan Setting: A Pilot Feasibility Study.
Abstract Ego resilience in childhood is linked to positive mental health outcomes but varies across cultures. Kenya presents a unique context in which children are vulnerable to adversity. We therefore hypothesized that Ego resilience traits are found in Kenya. We aimed to: (i) demonstrate Ego resilience in Kenya, (ii) determine associated social-demographic and psychological factors in a non-clinical population of primary school going children, (iii) contribute to the global data base with Kenyan data and (iv) lay the grounds for informed future and more focused studies in Kenya. We used a socio-demographic ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ndetei D, Mutiso V, Maraj A, Anderson K, Musyimi C, Musau A, Tele A, Gitonga I, McKenzie K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Effect of Brief Cognitive Behavioral Counseling and Debriefing on the Prevention of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Traumatic Birth: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSION: Screening of traumatic childbirth, implementation of supportive care, and early counseling prior to the initiation of post-traumatic stress are recommended. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: IRCT2015072522396N2. http://en.search.irct.ir/view/24735 . PMID: 31177482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Abdollahpour S, Khosravi A, Motaghi Z, Keramat A, Mousavi SA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Use of Smartphones, Computers and Social Media Among People with SMI: Opportunity for Intervention.
The objective of this study was to provide an update regarding use of technology in people with serious mental illness (SMI). In 2017, 403 people in treatment for SMI were surveyed. Technology use was common: 65.8% used a smartphone, 53.6% used the Internet on a computer or tablet in the past 6 months, and over two thirds (67.9%) used social media. Rates of technology and Facebook use were similar to rates among low-income Americans. Approximately three quarters were willing to use a device to access interventions for stress, health and mental health. Younger adults were more likely to use most forms of technology and...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brunette MF, Achtyes E, Pratt S, Stilwell K, Opperman M, Guarino S, Kay-Lambkin F Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Consumers' Suggestions for Improving the Mental Healthcare System: Options, Autonomy, and Respect.
This study explores consumers' suggestions for improving the mental healthcare system. Participants (N = 46) were conveniently recruited and responded to an online survey asking: "What are your suggestions for improving the mental healthcare system?" Eight themes were identified using iterative, inductive and deductive coding. Themes included treatment options, autonomy and empowerment, respect and relationships, medication management, peer support, insurance and access, funding and government support, and treatment environment. Theoretically, there is interdependence among themes where five of the ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shields M, Scully S, Sulman H, Borba C, Trinh NH, Singer S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Mental Health Courts in Reducing Recidivism and Police Contact: A Systematic Review.
Abstract Mental health courts were created to help criminal defendants who have a mental illness that significantly contributes to their criminal offense. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the current evidence to address the question, "How effective are mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact?" Systematic literature searches of eight electronic databases were performed. A total of 2590 unique citations were identified. Of these, 20 studies were included in the final analysis. The results of this systematic review suggest there is some evidence to show th...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Loong D, Bonato S, Barnsley J, Dewa CS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Social Support Buffering Effect in the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Alcohol Use Among Brazilian Women.
Abstract This cross-sectional study interviewed Brazilian women regularly attending primary care to investigate whether the relationship between social support and alcohol use is direct or is mediated by stress, in order to support the development of recommendations related to health prevention and mental health promotion actions. The results suggest that social support affects the outcome alcohol use in the women studied by buffering the effect of stress. Based on these results, recommendations are made for amplifying the social support network that prevents stress-induced alcohol use. PMID: 31175517 [PubMed...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: de Souza J, de Almeida LY, de Oliveira JLG, Miasso AI, Pillon SC, Moll MF Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Effect of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention Program on Comprehensive Mental Health Problems of Chinese Undergraduates.
Abstract How best to support mental health of young people is an important public health challenge. More empirical researches are need to examine the relationship between mindfulness-based interventions and mental health in China. The present study reports results from a quasi-experiment following a one-group repeated-measures design which investigated the impact of a standard 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) program in 81 Chinese undergraduates (14 males, 67 females, age 20.35 ± 1.35 years). Data was collected using the Symptom Check List 90 (SCL90) at baseline, week 3, ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liu X Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Service-Related Barriers and Facilitators in an Early Childhood System of Care: Comparing the Perspectives of Parents and Providers.
Abstract Systems of care (SOCs) have the potential to enhance underserved families' access to integrated health and support services. Most scholarship on SOCs has involved school-aged children and adolescents. Thus, research is needed to better understand barriers to, and facilitators of, families' access to services during early childhood. The present study included a community-based participatory approach in understanding services for families of children under age six years with severe emotional and behavioral problems. We analyzed data from two focus groups with caregivers (n = 7) and three focus...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Champine RB, Shaker AH, Tsitaridis KA, Whitson ML, Kaufman JS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Evidence-Based Interventions for Adolescents with Depression and Suicide Related Behaviors in Low and Middle Income Countries.
Abstract Depression is the number one cause of disability for adolescents. Moreover, depression is the strongest predictor for suicide, which is the second cause for death among adolescents worldwide. A total of 22 RCTs conducted in 14 different LMICs have been reviewed. This is a significant effort to provide mental health services for adolescents in LMICs. However, considering that 2/3 of the world's countries meet criteria for LMIC status and 75% of suicides occur in LMICs, more research addressing both understanding and intervention/prevention of depression and suicide must be conducted in these countries. ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Davaasambuu S, Phillip H, Ravindran A, Szatmari P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Psychiatric Risk Assessment from the Clinician's Perspective: Lessons for the Future.
;g B Abstract Accurate prediction of risk-states in Serious Mental Illnesses (SMIs) is critical for reducing their massive societal burden. Risk-state assessments are notably inaccurate. Recent innovations, including widely available and inexpensive mobile technologies for ambulatory "biobehavioral" data, can reshape risk assessment. To help understand and accelerate clinician involvement, we surveyed 90 multi-disciplinary clinicians serving SMI populations in various settings to evaluate how risk assessment is conducted and can improve. Clinicians reported considerable variability in conducting risk ass...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cohen AS, Fedechko T, Schwartz EK, Le TP, Foltz PW, Bernstein J, Cheng J, Rosenfeld E, Elvevåg B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Integrative Body-Mind-Spirit (I-BMS) Practices for Schizophrenia: An Outcome Literature Review on Randomized Controlled Trials.
Abstract Prior reviews show that certain complementary and alternative practices are promising for patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this study is to review the outcome literature on intervention studies using integrative body-mind-spirit (I-BMS) practices on schizophrenia. This is an outcome literature review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on I-BMS practices from 2004 to 2016. The review used a modified Delphi List to assess methodological rigor and the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse Scientific Rating Scale to evaluate the level of research support for each identified I-BMS practice. This r...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wang X, Beauchemin J, Liu C, Lee MY Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Predicting Turnover: The Moderating Effect of Functional Climates on Emotional Exhaustion and Work Attitudes.
This study draws on social exchange theory and examines the relationships between emotional exhaustion and mental health provider work attitudes and turnover, and the moderating effect of functional psychological climates. Data were analyzed using multilevel structural equation modeling in a sample of 311 mental health providers from 49 community mental health programs. Results revealed that emotional exhaustion was negatively related to work attitudes, and the relationship was moderated by functional climates characterized by high levels of cooperation, growth and advancement opportunities, and role clarity...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dishop CR, Green AE, Torres E, Aarons GA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Relationship of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy with Self-Esteem and General Health in Breastfeeding Mothers Referred to Health Centers of Falavarjan City-Iran, 2015.
This study aimed to examine the relationship of breastfeeding self-efficacy with self-esteem and general health. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 547 breastfeeding mothers in Falavarjan-Iran. Participants were selected randomly, and questionnaires of socio-demographic characteristics, breastfeeding self-efficacy, self esteem, and the GHQ-28 were completed through interview. The mean score (SD) of breastfeeding self-efficacy was 134.5 (13.3) from the score range of 33-165. The mean score of self-esteem was 5.89 (4.0) from - 10 to + 10 score range, and the mean score of general health was 19.7 (9.13)...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kamalifard M, Mirghafourvand M, Ranjbar F, Sharajabad FA, Gordani N Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

How to Measure Knowledge About Mental Disorders? Validation of the Italian Version of the MAKS.
Abstract The aim of this study is to validate the Italian version of the Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS-I). The validation process included: linguistic validation; analysis of the feasibility; face validity; internal consistency; floor and the ceiling effects; divergent validity. Multiple linear regression was performed to examine the relationship between mental health knowledge and independent variables. MAKS-I was administered to 453 people. The linguistic validation was successful and face validity of the questionnaire showed no critical issues. The estimated composite reliability was 0.638. Divergent v...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pingani L, Sampogna G, Evans-Lacko S, Gozzi B, Giallonardo V, Luciano M, Galeazzi GM, Fiorillo A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Physio-psychosocial and Metabolic Parameters of Obese Adolescents: Health-Promoting Lifestyle Education of Obesity Management.
i E Abstract The aim of the study was to determine the effect of health-promoting lifestyle education on the physio-psychosocial and metabolic parameters of obese adolescents. This quasi-experimental study was conducted at a city center in Turkey through a pretest and a post-test (n = 73). Following the collection of the first assessment data from the study and control groups, an 8-week education program was applied to students in the study group. The study found that the BMI values and obesity-related risk factors of study group decreased, the means of the self-esteem scale and total ALS and sub-sca...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Top FÜ, Kaya B, Tepe B, Avci E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Preliminary Report on a Spiritually-Based PTSD Intervention for Military Veterans.
Abstract Military veterans can experience spiritual/religious struggles such as weakening of beliefs, loss of meaning, increased guilt, difficulty forgiving, and moral challenges as a result of military trauma. While mainstream treatments (e.g., exposure therapy) have been shown to be effective for many, they often fail to address these issues adequately. This paper describes an 8-session spiritually-based group intervention designed to treat trauma-related spiritual wounds among military veterans. A program evaluation conducted with 24 veterans revealed significant reductions in PTSD symptoms, spiritual injury, a...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Starnino VR, Angel CT, Sullivan JE, Lazarick DL, Jaimes LD, Cocco JP, Davis LW Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research