Substance Use Disorders and Poverty as Prospective Predictors of Adult First-Time Suicide Ideation or Attempt in the United States.
This study examined whether substance use disorders (SUD) and poverty predicted first-time suicide ideation or attempt in United States national data. Respondents without prior histories of suicide ideation or attempt at Wave 1 of the NESARC (N = 31,568) were analyzed to determine the main and interactive effects of SUD and poverty on first-time suicide ideation or attempt by Wave 2, 3 years later. Adjusted for controls, poverty (AOR = 1.35, CI = 1.05-1.73) and drug use disorders (AOR = 2.10, CI = 1.07-4.14) independently increased risk for first-ti...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thompson RG, Alonzo D, Hu MC, Hasin DS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Opportunities for Integrating Physical Health Within Assertive Community Treatment Teams: Results from Practitioner Focus Groups.
Abstract This qualitative study assessed the experiences of assertive community treatment (ACT) team members regarding the integration of physical and mental health self-management for persons with serious mental illness. Three focus groups elicited information from participants concerning barriers, strategies, and recommendations. Findings from inductive analyses revealed six overarching themes: (1) collaboration with primary care, (2) improvements in engagement, (3) team-focused roles, (4) education and training, (5) recommendations for system level barriers, and (6) systems collaboration. Participant recommenda...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meyer-Kalos PS, Lee MG, Studer LM, Line TA, Fisher CM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Access to Secondary Mental Health Services in a Cohort of New Zealand Mothers.
Abstract To explore access to secondary mental health services for New Zealand women during pregnancy and for up to 1 year post-delivery. A retrospective cohort analysis of public hospital maternity data linked to mental health collections. 27 in 1000 pregnancies were associated with access to secondary mental health services (736/27,153). Independent of ethnicity, young age (
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Filoche SK, Lawton B, Stanley J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Analysis of the Association of Clubhouse Membership with Overall Costs of Care for Mental Health Treatment.
We examined whether frequency of attendance at the B'More Clubhouse was associated with lower mental health care costs in the Medicaid database, and whether members in the B'More Clubhouse (n = 30) would have lower mental health care costs compared with a set of matched controls from the same claims database (n = 150). Participants who attended the Clubhouse 3 days or more per week had mean 1-year mental health care costs of US $5697, compared to $14,765 for those who attended less often. B'More Clubhouse members had significantly lower annual total mental health care costs than the matched...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hwang S, Woody J, Eaton WW Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Clinicians' Beliefs, Observations, and Treatment Effectiveness Regarding Clients' Sexual Addiction and Internet Pornography Use.
This study addressed how sex addiction and problematic IP use present to mental health professionals (MHPs), and how MHPs conceptualize and treat these issues. MHPs (N = 183) reported on beliefs about, experiences with, and treatment of problematic sexual behaviors (PBS). Most MHPs saw clients with PBS, but most do not feel competent to treat PBS. Specialized MHPs endorsed seeing more clients with PBS and feeling more effective than nonspecialists. Sexual addiction and problematic IP use share similarities, but differ in etiology and co-occurring problems. Diagnostic ambiguity, insufficient knowledge, and lim...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Short MB, Wetterneck CT, Bistricky SL, Shutter T, Chase TE Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Peer Models in Mental Health for Caregivers and Families.
Abstract Peer-delivered mental health models may hold important benefits for family members, yet their prevalence, components, and outcomes are unknown. We conducted a review of peer-delivered services for families of children and adults with mental health problems. Randomized studies of interventions published between 1990 and 2014 were included if the intervention contained a component for family members and examined familial outcomes. Of 77 studies that were assessed for their eligibility, six met criteria. Familial components included coping and parenting skills, knowledge about mental health, and emotional su...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 25, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Acri M, Hooley CD, Richardson N, Moaba LB Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Scoping Review of Interventions Supporting Mothers with Mental Illness: Key Outcomes and Challenges.
son J Abstract Despite the fact that more than 60 % of women experiencing mental distress also care for dependent children, little is known about the efficacy of interventions supporting parents with mental illness. A scoping review of the literature published between 1997 and 2014 was conducted to obtain an overview of empirically evaluated interventions and to typify their outcomes. Our review identified 19 publications reporting on 9 interventions. The efficacy of programs was apparent and key components used by programs were recognized. To enhance the well-being of mothers with mental illness and their ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 23, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Suarez EB, Lafrenière G, Harrison J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Using Routine Outcome Measures to Provide Feedback at the Service Agency Level.
We present a pilot trial of 12 agencies participating in group feedback sessions. The guiding principles and core processes, the procedure and implementation in a pilot trial, lessons learned and future directions are discussed. Based on this experience we conclude that using ROM to implement group feedback among mental health stakeholders is feasible and can generate discussions and directions for improvement. PMID: 27324903 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Roe D, Lapid L, Baloush-Kleinman V, Garber-Epstein P, Gornemann MI, Gelkopf M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Three-Dimensional Model of Strengths: Examination of Invariance Across Gender, Age, Education Levels, and Marriage Status.
This study examined the three-factor structure of BSS across gender, age, education, and marriage groups in a community sample (n = 375) using multi-group confirmatory factor analysis. After removing one item of each subscale from the original version, the revised model provided a good fit to the data at different subgroups. The revised nine-item BSS indicated that measurement invariance across gender and age groups was achieved. In addition, the measurement was more influenced by social-cultural factors than biological factors. PMID: 27324904 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 20, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Duan W, Ho SM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Factors Associated with Perceived Depression of Korean Adults: Secondary Data from the Korean Community Health Survey.
This study was aimed to identify factors related with Korean adults' depression in a community population using secondary data from the Korean Community Health Survey. The results showed factors associated with the Korean adults' perceived depression were subjective health, alcohol drinking, smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hours of sleep, activity impairments, and stress. Result of this study proposes that community mental health services are required to the population who has problems of activity impairment due to acute or chronic health status, which suggests having mental health problems such as alcohol drinki...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Won MR, Ahn MS, Choi YJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Housing as a Resource for Justice-Involved Women.
This study highlights the importance of understanding housing within the context of working with underresourced populations, and the continued support necessary as women transition out of institutions and into the community. PMID: 27315058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ram D, Siegel ZA, Jason LA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Medicaid Expenditures for Fee-for-Service Enrollees with Behavioral Diagnoses: Findings from a 50 State Claims Analysis.
This study provides national estimates of Medicaid expenditures using a comprehensive sample of fee-for-service Medicaid enrollees with behavioral diagnoses. Data for analysis came from 2003 to 2004 Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX) files for 50 states and the District of Columbia. Individuals with behavioral diagnoses had high rates of chronic medical comorbidities, and expenditures for medical (non-behavioral) diagnoses accounted for 74 % of their health care expenditures. Total Medicaid expenditure was approximately 15 billion dollars (equivalent to 18.91 billion in 2016 dollars) for individuals with...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ward MC, Lally C, Druss BG Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Comorbid Moderate-Severe Depressive Symptoms and their Association with Quality of Life in Chinese Patients with Schizophrenia Treated in Primary Care.
This study described the prevalence and correlates of comorbid moderate-severe depressive symptoms (comorbid depression thereafter) and their association with quality of life (QOL) in schizophrenia patients treated in primary care. 623 schizophrenia patients were enrolled. Patients' socio-demographic and clinical characteristics including comorbid depression [defined as a total score of 18 or above on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS)] were recorded. Depressive symptoms (defined as a total score of 9 or above on the MADRS) were present in 54.1 % of patients, while 17.7 % had comorbid depre...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 15, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hou CL, Ma XR, Cai MY, Li Y, Zang Y, Jia FJ, Lin YQ, Chiu HF, Ungvari GS, Hall BJ, Zhong BL, Cao XL, Xiang YT Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Difficulties Experienced by University Students with Severe Mental Illness Who Participate in Supported Education Programs.
Abstract Knowledge about the difficulties students with severe mental illness (SMI) encounter is essential to helping them meet the challenges of studying in universities. Therefore, a study was conducted in Israel with 80 university students with SMI to ascertain their difficulties and the relationship between these difficulties and their level of recovery. The two subscales of an instrument measuring students' difficulties that were ranked the highest were "Learning Skills and Management of Academic Tasks" and "Social Inclusion Difficulties." Inverse relationships were found between the stude...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shor R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Compared with Non-specialized Therapy for Alleviating the Effect of Auditory Hallucinations in People with Reoccurring Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
Abstract Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is recommended as a psychological intervention for those diagnosed with schizophrenia. The prevalence of auditory hallucinations is high among this group, many of whom are cared for by community mental health teams that may not have easy access to qualified CBT practitioners. This systematic review examined the evidence for the superiority of CBT compared to non-specialized therapy in alleviating auditory hallucinations in community patients with schizophrenia. Two RCTs met the inclusion criteria totaling 105 participants. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kennedy L, Xyrichis A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Financial Difficulty Effects on Depressive Symptoms Among Dementia Patient Caregivers.
Abstract The financial difficulty of dementia caregivers and its effects on mental health has gained increasing attention from researchers. The present study examines the longitudinal relationship between financial difficulty and the depressive symptoms of dementia caregivers using matching methods to account for potential selection bias. Propensity score matching methods and mixed-effects models were used to determine the effects of financial difficulty on depressive symptoms among caregivers participating in the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) intervention program. Propensity score m...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nam I Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Longitudinal Trajectory of Adolescent Exposure to Community Violence and Depressive Symptoms Among Adolescents and Young Adults: Understanding the Effect of Mental Health Service Usage.
This study differentiates between direct and indirect violence victimization in their association with mental health problems and mental health service use. This study includes 8947 individuals from four waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health and examines (1) whether sub-types of adolescent victimization are linked to depressive symptoms; (2) whether adolescent victimization is linked with mental health service use; and (3) the role of mental health service use in attenuating symptoms arising from victimizations. Adolescents witnessing community violence were more likely to experience depres...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 10, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chen WY, Corvo K, Lee Y, Hahm HC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Comorbid Depression and Other Predictors of PTSD Severity in Urban Public Transit Employees.
This study highlights the importance of modifiable variables for reducing PTSD severity after a workplace traumatic event in transit employees. PMID: 27278665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shah R, Nisenbaum R, Classen C, Eynan R, Links PS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Quality of Life, Stigma and Burden Perception Among Family Caregivers and Patients with Psychiatric Illnesses in Jordan.
This study aimed to determine the level of quality of life among a sample of 532 of caregivers and patients with psychiatric illness at two out-patient mental health clinics in Northern Jordan, and to examine the relationships of sociodemographic characteristics, stigma and caregiver perceptions of burden with quality of life. A correlational descriptive design was utilized. Three self-administered questionnaires were used. Results indicated that patients had low to moderate QOL, and they suffered moderate to high stigma. Also, family caregivers perceived low to moderate QOL. Patients' and family caregivers' stigma percept...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dalky HF, Qandil AM, Natour AS, Janet MC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Relationship Between Background Characteristics and Death Anxiety in Times of War: A Comparison Between Three Generations Arab and Jewish Families in Israel.
Abstract (a) To compare the levels of death anxiety between the Jewish and Arab population in Israel after the Second Lebanon War and the Casting Lead Operation. (b) To compare the levels of death anxiety between three families' generations: elderly parents, their adult children and their adult grandchildren and (c) to learn about the relationship between background characteristics and death anxiety in times of war. The sample included 172 trios of elderly parents (ages 65 and up), their middle aged children (ages 41-64) and, their young adult children (ages 20-40) living at the northern and southern of Israel. Th...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ron P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Successful Implementation Strategy to Support Adoption of Decision Making in Mental Health Services.
This study investigates an implementation strategy to bring decision support to community mental health centers (CMHC). Fifty-two CMHCs implemented a decision support toolkit supported by a 12-month learning collaborative using the Breakthrough Series model. Participation in learning collaborative activities was high, indicating feasibility of the implementation model. Progress by staff in meeting process aims around utilization of components of the toolkit improved significantly over time (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: MacDonald-Wilson KL, Hutchison SL, Karpov I, Wittman P, Deegan PE Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Is Telemental Health Services a Viable Alternative to Traditional Psychotherapy for Deaf Individuals?
Abstract Access to mental health treatment is a vital part of a comprehensive health care plan. Deaf individuals often have difficulty accessing mental health services. Four-hundred twenty-two participants completed an anonymous questionnaire about their perspectives of telemental health services for deaf individuals. Results showed that several variables, such as if the participant was unable to receive another type of psychotherapy and whether the therapist was ASL-fluent, were significantly related to whether the respondent would use TMH. The participants reported that TMH services are a viable option for treat...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Crowe TV Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Decreasing the Stigma of Mental Illness Through a Student-Nurse Mentoring Program: A Qualitative Study.
Abstract Stigma is defined as endorsing prejudicial attitudes about mental illness leading to discriminatory behaviors. It undermines the quality of medical care received by people with mental illness. Research suggests contact based interventions are effective in reducing stigma and increasing positive attitudes towards people with mental illness. This paper describes the development of a consumer led student-nurse mentoring program as part of nursing student education. People with lived mental health experience would mentor student nurses regarding the harmful effects of stigma and the beneficial outcomes of aff...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fokuo JK, Goldrick V, Rossetti J, Wahlstrom C, Kocurek C, Larson J, Corrigan P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Effective Prevention Strategies for Increasing Health Services Utilization Among Hispanic Youth.
This article provides professionals with strategies to increase health services utilization by utilizing a framework of the levels of prevention model, with an emphasis on primary prevention. The following questions were explored: (1) What are primary prevention strategies that can assist school professionals? (2) What are secondary prevention strategies and tertiary prevention strategies school professionals can employ to increase the utilization of health services? Implementing primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies may improve Hispanic youth's overall mental health, academic achievement, and quality of l...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Merianos AL, Vidourek RA, King KA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Community Restructuring and Depressive Symptoms of Rural Mature and Elderly Adults: A Multilevel Analysis Based on a National Dataset in China.
Abstract Community restructuring is an important predictor for residents' mental health. However, few studies have investigated how it affects the depressive symptoms of rural ageing population. Using cross-sectional data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), this study examined how community restructuring was associated with depressive symptoms of Chinese rural mature and older adults and what community-level factors mediated the association. We found that people in restructuring communities reported .75 unit lower depression score (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 31, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yang F, Lou VW Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Integrated Dual Disorder Treatment Implementation in a Large State Sample.
Abstract Individuals with co-occurring illnesses are at risk for poor outcomes related to criminal justice, hospitalization, housing, and employment. High fidelity evidence-based models, including integrated dual disorder treatment (IDDT), are associated with significant outcome improvements. A descriptive analysis of secondary datasets including the full sample of IDDT fidelity reviews completed from 2006 to 2012 in one state was completed. Total IDDT fidelity significantly improved from baseline fidelity review (68) to second review (40) [t(38) = 35.00, p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Harrison J, Curtis A, Cousins L, Spybrook J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on YouTube: Framing, Anchoring, and Objectification in Social Media.
This study investigated videos about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) on YouTube in terms of issues, sources, and episodic-thematic aspects. A total of 685 videos uploaded onto YouTube between 2006 and 2014 were content analyzed. Results demonstrated that the top three key issues about ADHD were symptom, child, and treatment. Doctor, patient, and supporter were the three most interviewed sources. Videos from the public sector including the government, company representative, and public organizations were relatively rare compared to other sources suggesting the potential for a greater role for the government ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kang S, Ha JS, Velasco T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Attitudes of Primary Care Health Workers Towards Mental Health Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study in Osun State, Nigeria.
Abstract World Health Organization (WHO) recommends integration of mental health services into primary health services; however attitude of primary health care workers is one barrier to this. A cross sectional survey using the Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness (CAMI) was done. One hundred and twenty primary care workers were randomly selected from three local government areas. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analyses. The results showed that most primary health care workers hold a benevolent (mean = 2.47, SD = 0.52) attitude towards the mentally ill. Workers...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 25, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mosaku KS, Wallymahmed AH Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Lay Health Workers' Experience of Delivering a Problem Solving Therapy Intervention for Common Mental Disorders Among People Living with HIV: A Qualitative Study from Zimbabwe.
This study looks at the experience of LHWs delivering a problem solving therapy (PST) intervention for CMD for people living with HIV (PLWH) in a primary health care setting. Semi-structured interviews of LHWs (n = 7) and PLWH (10) who received PST were carried out using thematic content analysis. Over a 4 year period LHWs developed indigenous concepts of PST which were: Opening the mind (Kuvhura pfungwa), uplifting (kusimudzira), strengthening and strengthening further (kusimbisa and kusimbisisa) respectively. Using terms locally conceived through knowledge sharing amongst LHWs made it acceptable to del...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chibanda D, Cowan F, Verhey R, Machando D, Abas M, Lund C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Only Making Things Worse: A Qualitative Study of the Impact of Wrongly Removing Disability Benefits from People with Mental Illness.
Abstract Many countries belonging to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have seen a considerable increase in the number of disability benefits recipients (DBRs), in addition to an increase in the proportion of people with mental illness. As in other countries, changes to the welfare benefits system in England were made in order to reduce the number of DBRs. Many people lost their benefit payments, although a considerable number had them reinstated after appeal. Our aim was to investigate the impact of the process on DBRs whose disability was related to mental health and who won ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 19, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shefer G, Henderson C, Frost-Gaskin M, Pacitti R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Treating Veterans and Military Families: Evidence Based Practices and Training Needs Among Community Clinicians.
Abstract Little is known about the capacity of community providers to provide military informed evidence based services for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We conducted a regional, web-based survey of 352 community mental health care providers that sought to identify clinical practices, training needs, and predictors of evidence based treatment (EBT) use for PTSD. Overall, 49 % of providers indicated they seldom or never use a validated PTSD screening instrument. Familiarity with EBTs, specifically prolonged exposure (PE; χ(2)(4) = 14.68, p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Richards LK, Bui E, Charney M, Hayes KC, Baier AL, Rauch PK, Allard M, Simon NM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Youth Perspectives on the Mental Health Treatment Process: What Helps, What Hinders?
In this study we explored adolescent perceptions of what was most helpful and most challenging about mental health treatment for mood and/or anxiety disorders. Youth seeking treatment at the First Episode Mood and Anxiety Program were recruited to participate in a follow-up survey about their experiences of mental health care services. Responses to two open-ended questions were analyzed for emerging themes and differences between age groups and gender. Males were more likely to report therapy as being helpful than females, 16-18 year olds were more likely to report medication as a challenge to treatment and 19-26 ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 4, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Summerhurst C, Wammes M, Wrath A, Osuch E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Randomized Clinical Trial Investigating the Effect of a Healthcare Access Model for Individuals with Severe Psychiatric Disabilities.
Abstract We conducted a randomized trial to examine a model for integrating primary care into a community mental health setting. Two hundred individuals were recruited and randomly assigned to receive primary care delivered by a nurse practitioner (n = 94) or services-as-usual (n = 106), assessed on health and mental health outcomes, and followed for 12 months. Intent-to-Treat and exposure analyses were conducted and suggest that participants who engaged with the nurse practitioner experienced gains in perceptions of primary care quality. Health benefits accrued for individuals having rece...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rogers ES, Maru M, Kash-MacDonald M, Archer-Williams M, Hashemi L, Boardman J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Involvement and Warmth of Fathers with Mental Illness: The Role of the Caregiving System, Parental Self-Efficacy, Social Support and Child Characteristics.
This study compares the levels and predictors of paternal warmth and involvement of 69 fathers with serious mental illness (SMI) and 69 matched non-clinical (NC) fathers in Israel. Findings show that the NC fathers were more involved with their children, whereas the SMI fathers reported more warmth and perceived their children as less difficult. The interactions that were found in the regression analyses highlight the differences between the two groups. Among the SMI fathers, but not the NC fathers, higher paternal self-efficacy was associated with increased father involvement, and lower family support was associated with ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Finzi-Dottan R, Dayan-Gazith E, Borosh T, Golubchik P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Experiences of Social Support Among Chinese Immigrant Mental Health Consumers with Psychosis.
Abstract Limited research has investigated how culture impacts expressions of social support, which is crucial in developing culturally sensitive care. Using a classification based on theories of social support, we examined the social support experiences of 49 Chinese immigrant mental health consumers with psychosis, paying particular attention to frequency and sources. We found that the most common forms of social support were belonging and companionship, perceived emotional support, social control, and perceived instrumental support, while self-esteem and sense of mastery were the least common forms. Family and ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cheng ZH, Tu MC, Yang LH Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Passive Suicidal Ideation and Community Mental Health Resources in South Africa.
We report the prevalence of PSI and examine the relationship between PSI and participation in community organizations in a semi-rural sample of South African adults (N = 594). The prevalence of PSI in the 2 weeks prior to the interview was 9.1 %. Members of burial societies (Χ (2) = 7.34; p = 0.01) and stokvels (Χ (2) = 4.1; p = 0.04) (community-based savings groups) reported significantly less PSI compared to other respondents. Using a multivariate model adjusted for demographic characteristics, psychological distress, and socioeconomic status, we found l...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Collins PY, Kondos L, Pillai A, Joestl SS, Frohlich J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Pilot Study of a Novel Method of Measuring Stigma about Depression Developed for Latinos in the Faith-Based Setting.
Abstract In order to understand the effects of interventions designed to reduce stigma about mental illness, we need valid measures. However, the validity of commonly used measures is compromised by social desirability bias. The purpose of this pilot study was to test an anonymous method of measuring stigma in the community setting. The method of data collection, Preguntas con Cartas (Questions with Cards) used numbered playing cards to conduct anonymous group polling about stigmatizing beliefs during a mental health literacy intervention. An analysis of the difference between Preguntas con Cartas stigma votes and...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Caplan S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Suicide Loss Survivors' Experiences with Therapy: Implications for Clinical Practice.
Abstract Over two-thirds of suicide loss survivors, those who have lost a loved one to suicide, seek individual therapy following their loss. However, nothing is known about what survivors find helpful about therapy or how therapy impacts their grief. An online survey was conducted June 2012-March 2013 with a convenience sample of 197 survivors primarily from the USA and Australia to develop a better understanding of treatment seeking loss survivors and their experiences in therapy. Questions explored the experience of the suicide death, the therapy received after the loss, and insights about improving therapy for...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanford R, Cerel J, McGann V, Maple M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
"What's Wrong with the Seed?" A Comparative Examination of an Empowering Community-Centered Approach to Recovery in Community Mental Health.
In conclusion, the findings suggested a transformative impact of the empowering community-centered model both at the individual and the program level by altering the resource accessibility and social conditions for people who experience mental illness. The implications of findings for transforming community mental health practice are discussed in detail. PMID: 27072950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jorge-Monteiro MF, Ornelas JH Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Patient-Centered Approach to Improve Screening for the Metabolic Side Effects of Antipsychotic Medications.
Abstract Adherence to recommendations for monitoring of metabolic side effects of antipsychotic medications has been historically low. This randomized controlled trial tested whether a computerized, patient-centered intervention that educated Veterans with serious mental illness about these side effects and encouraged them to advocate for receipt of monitoring would increase rates of monitoring compared to enhanced treatment as usual. The mean proportion of days adherent to monitoring guidelines over the 1-year study was similarly high and did not differ between the intervention (range 0.81-0.98) and comparison (r...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kreyenbuhl J, Dixon LB, Brown CH, Medoff DR, Klingaman EA, Fang LJ, Tapscott S, Walsh MB Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Client, Contextual and Program Elements Influencing Supported Employment: A Literature Review.
Abstract Supported employment is an evidence-based practice with a well-established research base. Most studies track such outcomes as employment rates, time to employment and wages earned. Few studies address client and contextual factors that impact outcomes or consider program elements beyond those that comprise the individual placement and support model. This paper reviews existing literature to shed light on the following questions: (1) What impact do labour market trends have on the effectiveness of SE? (2) How lasting are the effects of SE and what factors influence longevity of SE effects? (3) What levels ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 7, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kirsh B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
What Can Influence Iranian Suicide Attempters to Go Through the Process of Non-Fatal Suicide Act Once Again? A Preliminary Report.
Abstract The thrust of this study was to examine some of the psycho-social risk factors for the recurrence of non-fatal suicide attempt in a sample of 1121 inmates admitted between April 2012 to June 2013 at the toxicology emergency ward, Noor Medical Centre, Isfahan, Iran. Out of the total participants, 240 of them reported history of suicide attempt and assumed the status of case group. The remaining 881 patients were admitted first their attempt and constituted the control group. Cases were compared to the controls with respect to select demographic features (i.e. age, sex, education, occupation, marital status...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 19, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Toudehskchuie GR, Fereidoon M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Cognitive Function and Quality of Life in Community-Dwelling Seniors with Mild Cognitive Impairment in Taiwan.
Abstract The aims of this study were to examine the relationships between overall cognitive function and the quality of life (QOL) domains, and to compare the differences in these by age, gender, and educational level in community-dwelling seniors in Taiwan. A cross-sectional study was conducted, with the participants screened and recruited from Southern Tainan. The Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination was used to screen the cognitive status of the participants. A total of 144 seniors participated in this study were assessed using the Taiwanese version of WHOQOL-BREF. The results showed that the partic...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 18, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hsiao HT, Li SY, Yang YP, Lin LL, Lin SI, Wang JJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Perception of Mattering and Suicide Ideation in the Australian Working Population: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional Survey.
Abstract Thoughts about suicide are a risk factor for suicide deaths and attempts and are associated with a range of mental health outcomes. While there is considerable knowledge about risk factors for suicide ideation, there is little known about protective factors. The current study sought to understand the role of perceived mattering to others as a protective factor for suicide in a working sample of Australians using a cross-sectional research design. Logistic regression analysis indicated that people with a higher perception that they mattered had lower odds of suicide ideation than those with lower reported ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Milner A, Page KM, LaMontagne AD Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Abstinence and Use of Community-Based Cessation Treatment After a Motivational Intervention Among smokers with Severe Mental Illness.
We examined predictors of abstinence after a brief motivational intervention among smokers with severe mental illness. Education, stage of change post intervention, and use of cessation treatment predicted any 1-week period of self-reported abstinence over 6 months (29 %). Cessation treatment mediated the relationship between stage of change and abstinence. Because treatment was the key modifiable predictor of abstinence, future research should establish strategies that improve motivation for, access to, and retention in cessation treatment. Clinical Trials Identifier NCT01412866. PMID: 26932324 [PubMed - as...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ferron JC, Devitt T, McHugo GJ, A Jonikas J, Cook JA, Brunette MF Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Relational Satisfaction from Providing and Receiving Support is Associated with Reduced Post-Disaster Depression: Data From Within One Year of the 2011 Japan Triple Disaster.
This study examined the buffering effect of relational social support satisfaction from providing and receiving support on depression in a non-evacuated community close to the Fukushima power plant damaged by the 2011 Japan Triple Disaster. A self-selected sample (N = 466, 351 female, mean age 60.4 year, SD = 14.0) participated in an intervention program for stress reduction and evaluation within 1 year of the disaster. First, effect sizes for predictor impact and demographic variables on depression were investigated. Then, data from an original instrument tapping satisfaction from social supp...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lebowitz AJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Participants' Assessment of the Impact of Behavioral Health Self-Direction on Recovery.
Abstract Self-direction involves managing a flexible budget, selecting and purchasing services and supports to meet individual needs and preferences. An emerging practice in the behavioral health field, self-direction is part of a systemic shift toward person-centered approaches to service provision. To understand the relationship between recovery and self-direction, the authors conducted a content analysis of 30 in-depth interviews with individuals from two self-direction programs in one state. A positive relationship between self-direction and recovery was established. Meeting basic needs for food, clothing, and...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Croft B, Parish S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Motivational Interviewing and the Transtheoretical Model of Change: Under-Explored Resources for Suicide Intervention.
Abstract Motivational interviewing (MI) is a robust evidence-based intervention that has been used to evoke intrinsic motivation to change behaviors. MI as an intervention focuses on facilitating movement through the stages of the transtheoretical model of change. A study by Coombs et al. (Substance abuse treatment and the stages of change: Selecting and planning interventions, Guilford Press, New York, 2001) demonstrated that suicidal individuals move through such stages toward suicidal behavior, yet research and applications of MI for suicide have been minimal. In hopes of generating increased exploration of MI ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hoy J, Natarajan A, Petra MM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Patient Factors Associated with Extended Length of Stay in the Psychiatric Inpatient Units of a Large Urban County Hospital.
Abstract This case-control study identified patient-specific factors associated with the longest psychiatric inpatient lengths of stay (LOS) at a large urban county hospital. Subjects with LOS ≥ 60 days comprised the extended LOS (ELOS) case cohort. An equally-sized control cohort consisted of a random sample of inpatients with LOS ≤ 30 days. Chi square tests and t tests were conducted to determine differences between groups. Factors associated with ELOS included older age, cognitive impairment, higher number of medical conditions requiring medication, and violence during hospit...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cheng JE, Shumway M, Leary M, Mangurian CV Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Erratum to: Impact of the Syrian Crisis on the Hospitalization of Syrians in a Psychiatric Setting.
PMID: 26873264 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Souaiby L, Kazour F, Zoghbi M, Richa S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research