Parenting Styles and Aggression Among Young Adolescents: A Systematic Review of Literature.
Abstract There is ample research on aggression amongst children and adolescents that highlights several antecedents of aggression. While researchers have remarked on the relationship between parenting styles and aggression in children, there are few studies that integrate and systemize the available studies on parenting styles and aggression. The present review is an attempt to fill this gap. For this review, relevant studies were first searched, then coded and classified. As a result of thorough review, 34 relevant studies were identified. The review shows that parenting styles have a direct impact on aggression ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Masud H, Ahmad MS, Cho KW, Fakhr Z Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Recovery-Oriented Outcomes Associated with Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotics in an Urban Safety-Net Population.
This study examined whether transitioning patients from oral antipsychotics (POs) to long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) helps patients achieve recovery-oriented goals. Data was extracted from San Francisco County's electronic medical record system for this retrospective pre-post observational study. Patients reflect a safety-net population treated in community-based mental health settings during 2015. The San Francisco Adult Strengths and Needs Assessment (SF ANSA), a measure of psychosocial functioning, was used to assess within-subject change when treated with POs versus LAIs. In our study sample (N =&th...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yoshimatsu K, Elser A, Thomas M, Dilley J, Barnes D, Ballinger A, Wozniak S, Mangurian C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Association Between Earthquake Exposures and Mental Health Outcomes in Phulpingdanda Village After the 2015 Nepal Earthquakes.
Abstract In 2015, two strong earthquakes, as well as continuous, high magnitude aftershocks, struck Nepal. Phulpingdanda village was greatly impacted due to its lack of infrastructure and environmental remoteness. Adults from sampled households were surveyed 1-year later to examine the association between earthquake exposures and indicators of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and resilience. Results showed 33% of surveyed residents screened positive for depression, 9% screened positive for severe PTSD, and 46% displayed moderate to high resilience. Additionally, participants experienced resource ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Schwind JS, Norman SA, Brown R, Frances RH, Koss E, Karmacharya D, Santangelo SL Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Place to Call Home: Hearing the Perspectives of People Living with Homelessness and Mental Illness Through Service Evaluation.
This study aimed to explore the satisfaction and experiences of people who have received supported housing and mental health services. We conducted a retrospective, mixed methods study using a data mining approach, analyzing consumer satisfaction survey responses collected on discharge from the service over a 7-year period. Responses from 178 consumers aged between 20 and 62 years were included. Quantitative results indicated that consumers rated the quality of services as relatively high. Analysis of qualitative responses identified seven themes describing people's views on how they had benefitted from the service. C...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: O'Donovan J, Russell K, Kuipers P, Siskind D, Elphinston RA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Self-Reported Pain Intensity and Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders.
This study aimed to examine the associations between levels of pain intensity and depressive symptoms among community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Recruited from U.S. community mental health centers, participants reported on pain and depressive symptoms at the onset of the Helping Older People Experience Success (HOPES) study. Unadjusted and adjusted regression analyses were conducted. Higher pain intensity was associated with elevated depressive symptoms in all analyses, which is consistent with other studies in the general population. Given the widespread efforts to ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brooks JM, Blake J, Sánchez J, Mpofu E, Wu JR, Chen X, Nauser J, Cotton BP, Bartels SJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Integrated Care: Should It Count as Community Psychiatry Training for Psychiatry Residents?
Abstract Psychiatry residents are required to be exposed to community psychiatry. Historically, this occurred in public hospitals or assertive community treatment (ACT) teams. A new model of psychiatric care delivery, integrated care, has become prevalent. While integrated care shares some features with traditional community psychiatry rotations, no research exists to demonstrate if integrated care rotations can accomplish the aims of traditional rotations. This pilot study compared learning outcomes in ACT team rotations versus integrated care rotations. Pre- and post-rotation surveys were disseminated to third-y...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Reardon CL, Buhr KA, Factor RM, Walaszek A, Zeidler Schreiter E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Depressive Symptoms and Sexually Transmitted Disease: Evidence from a Low-Income Neighborhood of New York City.
We examined the association between sexually transmitted disease (STD) and depressive symptoms. Our analysis utilized the 2015 cross-sectional Washington Heights Community Survey. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine the primary association between having a history of STD and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) score while adjusting for potential confounders. Then in separate models, we adjusted for the interaction of social factors with PHQ-9 score to test for modification effect on the primary association. In this low-income neighborhood, STD history was not significantly associated wi...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jiao B, Zafari Z, Ruggeri K, Williams SZ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Development of the Impact of Physical Activity Scale.
Abstract Despite evidence that exercise has physical and mental benefits, there is still a high dropout rate. One reason for why people struggle to maintain consistency in their workout programs is self-efficacy, the cognitive mechanism that predicts behavioral intention. Given that emotional arousal plays an important role in self-efficacy, we developed the Impact of Physical Activity (IPA) scale to investigate how positive and negative affect influence commitment to exercise. The findings demonstrate good internal reliability of the scale, as well as convergent and divergent validity with optimism and depression...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alloway TP, Parker R, Cohen B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Predictors of Receipt of Physical Health Services in Mental Health Clinics.
Abstract To inform efforts to improve physical health care for adults with serious mental illness, this study examines predictors of provision and receipt of physical health services in freestanding mental health clinics in New York state. The number of services provided over the initial 12-months of implementation varied across clinics from 0 to 1407. Receipt of services was associated with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, frequent mental and physical health visits in the prior year, and prescription of antipsychotic medications. Additional support may also be needed to enable clinics to target patients without esta...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Breslau J, Pritam R, Guarasi D, Horvitz-Lennon M, Finnerty M, Yu H, Leckman-Westin E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Self-Esteem and HIV Infection in Morocco: Associated Factors Among People Living with HIV-Results from a Community-Based Study.
The objective of this study was to measure self-esteem and to identify associated factors among PLHIV in Morocco. A 125-item questionnaire was administered to 300 PLHIV. The dependent variable was adapted from Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (range 0-4). A weighted multiple linear regression was performed. The mean level of self-esteem was 2.4 ± 1.0. The factors independently associated with self-esteem were: feeling of loneliness (p = 0.001), perceived seriousness of infection (p = 0.006), thinking serostatus disclosure was a mistake (p = 0.007), thinking HIV in...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bernier A, Benmoussa A, Hilali MK, Henry E, Otis J, Loukid M, Préau M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Prevalence and Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Among Slovene Adolescents.
aron;ček H Abstract We set out to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation among Slovene adolescents and to examine the predictive value of gender, depression, loneliness, multiple health complaints, bullying and degree of family support for the presence of suicidal thoughts. Our sample consisted out of 1547 15-year-old high-school students which took part in the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) in 2014. Suicidal ideation was more present in girls, in adolescents with depressive feelings, and in those reporting higher levels of loneliness and multiple health complaints. Being a bully, loneli...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bračič M, Roškar S, Zager Kocjan G, Jeriček Klanšček H Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Lay Perspectives of Quality of Life in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: The Relevance of Autonomy and Psychological Distress.
Abstract The aim of this study is to increase the understanding of Quality of Life (QoL) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and explore the personal features of living with the disease. Sixty-two RA patients (MAge = 56.7; SD = 11.2; female = 83.9%) were interviewed. Assessment included topics on medical condition, functional status (HAQ-DI), and on their perceived difficulties and worries in having RA. Patients' overall definition of QoL was also inquired. Most patients lived with RA for a long period of time (M = 16.5 years; SD = 11.6) and p...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Santos I, Duarte N, Ribeiro O, Cantista P, Vasconcelos C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Putting the Pieces Together: Perceptions of Longitudinal Wraparound, Systems of Care, and Positive Behavior Support Implementation.
Abstract Positive Behavior Support (PBS) was introduced to community-based providers in Kansas in 2012 in response to a federally funded initiative to reduce the placement of youth in psychiatric facilities. As core project activities concluded in 2016, researchers investigated the impact of this comprehensive PBS initiative on youth, families, mental health centers, and other stakeholders. This paper describes how qualitative interviews and focus groups were used to investigate the perceptions of families, advocates, and implementers involved in wraparound (WA), regional interagency collaboration, and the additio...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Matthews K, Enyart M, Freeman R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Correction to: Losing to Gain: The Effects of a Healthy Lifestyle Intervention on the Physical and Psychosocial Well-being of Clients in a Community-based Mental Health Setting.
Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error in author group. The second author Tamatha Arms was inadvertently missed to include in the author group. PMID: 30903532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mechling BM, Arms T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Psychiatric Diagnoses and Medications for Hurricane Harvey Sheltered Evacuees.
Abstract To report on the diagnosis of and pharmacological services provided to 229 evacuees of Hurricane Harvey housed within a large convention center. Retrospective chart review of services rendered. Evacuees were primarily adults who presented with varied diagnoses, most commonly mood, anxiety and/or psychotic disorders. There was significant need for medications and psychosocial support to address preexisting conditions, as well as emerging problems (e.g., insomnia). Individuals presenting for pharmacological services following natural disasters may require medications to continue ongoing care, and/or treatme...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Storch EA, Shah A, Salloum A, Valles N, Banu S, Schneider SC, Kaplow J, Goodman WK Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
"What We Have in Common": A Qualitative Analysis of Shared Experience in Peer-Delivered Services.
"What We Have in Common": A Qualitative Analysis of Shared Experience in Peer-Delivered Services. Community Ment Health J. 2019 Mar 22;: Authors: Stefancic A, House S, Bochicchio L, Harney-Delehanty B, Osterweil S, Cabassa L Abstract "Shared experience" has been described as a key element of peer-delivered services, but it is not well-understood how it is used in practice, particularly among peer specialists working in more conventional mental health agencies. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with eight peer specialists and two supervisors working in a Peer Wellness P...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stefancic A, House S, Bochicchio L, Harney-Delehanty B, Osterweil S, Cabassa L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Developing Organizational Interventions to Address Stigma Among Mental Health Providers: A Pilot Study.
This article outlines a pilot study of "It's Just Us," an organizational intervention designed to reduce stigma among mental health providers by increasing awareness of the stigma they hold toward both clients and other providers with lived experience of mental health challenges. The targeted organization was the Mental Health Service Line in a large, Midwestern VA health care system. About 30% of the clinicians in the service provided information about their levels of stigma toward clients and providers who manage mental health challenges at baseline, 1 year later, and 2 years later. Educational and co...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Harris JI, Leskela J, Lakhan S, Usset T, DeVries M, Mittal D, Boyd J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Night Eating Syndrome and Its Relationship with Emotional Eating, Sleep Quality and Nutritional Status Among Adolescents' Boys.
Abstract Current study was aimed to evaluate the relationship between emotional eating and night eating syndrome (NES) with sleep quality among adolescents in Tabriz-Iran. The current study was conducted among eighty adolescent boys aged 12-16 years old from Tabriz-Iran. Night eating syndrome and Emotional eating were measured by validated specific questionnaires. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (PSQI) was used for assessment of sleep quality. Emotional and very emotional eaters had significantly higher protein and fat intake. Among components of PSQI, subjective sleep quality, sleep disturbances...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Farhangi MA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Promoting Personal and Social Recovery in Older Persons with Schizophrenia: The Case of The New Club, a Novel Dutch Facility Offering Social Contact and Activities.
Abstract Many older community-living persons with schizophrenia report unmet psychological and social needs. The Amsterdam-based New Club is a novel facility that intends to foster self-reliance and social participation in this group. To explore participants' and staff perceptions, a naturalistic qualitative study combined participant observation with interviews. The results illustrate how the New Club contributes to the personal and social recovery of its participants. At the personal level, attending the facility, activation and feeling accepted were valued positively. At the social level, engaging with others, ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meesters PD, van der Ham L, Dominicus M, Stek ML, Abma TA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Affirmative Competence and Practices of Mental Health Professionals with LGB clients: An Ibero-American Study.
Abstract There are not many studies about affirmative competence and practices among mental health professionals working with Lesbian, Gay, and/or Bisexual (LGB) clients. Thus, the objectives of this research are to assess the levels of affirmative competence and practices of professionals in Ibero-American countries. The sample consists of 630 mental health professionals from various countries whose ages range from 22 to 75 years old, with a mean age of 41.46 years. The study utilizes the following measures: a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Sexual Orientation Counselor Competency Scale, and the Af...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pereira H, Cunha MJ, Monteiro S, Esgalhado G, Afonso RM, Loureiro M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Social Support Networks and Symptom Severity Among Patients with Co-occurring Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders.
Abstract Patients entering an inpatient psychiatry program (N = 406) with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders reported on their social support networks (source, type) at treatment intake, and completed symptom measures at baseline and 3-, 9-, and 15-month follow-ups (77%). Longitudinal growth models found aspects of participants' support networks were associated with specific symptoms over time. Less family support (i.e., more conflict) was the most consistent predictor of mental health and substance use outcomes and was associated with greater psychiatric, depression, Post Traumat...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Haverfield MC, Ilgen M, Schmidt E, Shelley A, Timko C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Residential Transience Among Adults: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Association with Mental Illness and Mental Health Service Use.
This study examined the association between frequent residential mobility (i.e., residential transience) and mental illness, mental health service use, and unmet need for services. Data are from the 2010 to 2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (n = ~ 229,600). Logistic regression models examined the relationship between proximal (past year) and distal (past 2-5 years) residential transience and past year any mental illness (AMI), serious mental illness (SMI), mental health service use among adults with mental illness, and unmet need for services. Adults with transience had greater odds of ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Glasheen C, Forman-Hoffman VL, Hedden S, Ridenour TA, Wang J, Porter JD Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Suicide Risk and Depression in Individuals with Chronic Illness.
Koç M Abstract The study aims to determine the suicide risk and depression in individuals diagnosed with chronic illnesses. The sample of the study comprised of 286 persons. The Information Form developed by the researchers on the basis of the models available in previous research, Suicide Probability Scale (SPS) and Beck Depression Scale (BDS) were used to collect data. Mann Whitney U-test, Kruskal Wallis test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to evaluate the study data. The mean score of the individuals participating in the study with reference to Suicide Probability Scale were found to be 68.80...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gürhan N, Beşer NG, Polat Ü, Koç M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Cost-Effectiveness of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) Programme in Severe Mental Illness: A Decision Analytical Model Using Routine Data.
Abstract This is the first site level economic evaluation of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme for severe mental illness (IAPT-SMI) that is funded by NHS England. It also aims to illustrate the challenges involved in evaluations based on routine data with low internal validity. Six IAPT-SMI pilot sites treated 1 of 2 clinical groups: (i) psychosis or bipolar disorder; (ii) personality disorder. A decision analytical model nested in a before-after framework- the same patients 12 months after treatment versus 12 months before treatment-was used to compare the cost-effectiveness of IAPT-SMI wi...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zala D, Brabban A, Stirzaker A, Kartha MR, McCrone P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Relationship Between Marital Quality, Social Support and Mental Health During Pregnancy.
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between marital quality and mental health during pregnancy. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 Iranian pregnant women. The ENRICH marital satisfaction subscales, levels of domestic violence, perceived social support, as well as depression and anxiety levels were assessed using a questionnaire. AMOS path analysis was used to explore the causal relationship and the mediating effect of social support among the variables of marital quality subscales and mental health. The results showed that, adjusted for age, the history of infertility an...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alipour Z, Kazemi A, Kheirabadi G, Eslami AA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Suicide Attempt Trends in Central Texas Youth.
Abstract PMID: 30847734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barczyk AN, Piper K, Duzinski SV, Lawson KA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Between the Inside and the Outside World: Coping of Ultra-Orthodox Individuals with Their Work Environment After Academic Studies.
This study has explored how ultra-Orthodox individuals cope when facing secular norms and values in their work environment. The study was conducted in Israel, where 614 ultra-Orthodox adults answered questions regarding demographic characteristics, identities, openness to the workplace, social environment, Brief Cope, community sense of coherence (CSOC) and Employee Satisfaction Inventory. Individuals in the main sectors of the ultra-Orthodox society reported higher CSOC and stronger religiosity while individuals from the minor sectors reported greater openness to the job's social environment. Demographics, coping strategi...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Braun-Lewensohn O, Kalagy T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Coping with Food Insecurity Among African American in Public-Sector Mental Health Services: A Qualitative Study.
Abstract While there are high rates of food insecurity among individuals with serious mental illnesses, and among African Americans, there is very little research on the ways African Americans in public-sector mental health services cope with food insecurity. This research paper presents qualitative data from a mixed methods study on the prevalence and management of food insecurity among African Americans using public sector mental health services. We interviewed 21 people about their everyday experiences of food insecurity and strategies they used to cope. While participants reported experiencing high levels of f...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Myers N, Sood A, Alolayan Y, Broussard B, Fox K, King K, LoGalbo E, Thompson L, Compton MT Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Participants' Lived Experience with the Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) Program in Relation to their Recovery-Process.
Abstract The Illness Management and Recovery program (IMR) is developed to support people with severe mental illnesses in their recovery-process. The theory behind the program highlight the importance of helping people develop tailored illness management skills which will help achieve personal and clinical recovery. However, little is known about participants' experience with IMR in relation to their recoveryprocess. The aim of the present study is to describe the participants' lived experience with IMR, explore whether they experienced changes, and examine how these changes related to their recovery during or aft...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jensen SB, Eplov LF, Gammelgaard I, Mueser KT, Petersen KS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Evaluation of Risk Factors for Antipsychotic Polypharmacy in Inpatient Psychiatry Units of a Community Hospital: A Retrospective Analysis.
Abstract Antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) is a common practice while treating severe mental illness but the benefits of APP over antipsychotic monotherapy is controversial. This is a retrospective analysis comparing risk factors for people on APP and those on non-APP in inpatient psychiatry units. Two years data with 72 people in non-APP group and 82 people in APP group were analyzed quantitatively. The diagnoses of schizoaffective disorder (OR 11.5), schizophrenia (OR 4.65) and depression (OR 0.31), and history of> 2 psychiatric admissions (OR 3.2) and> 2 psychiatric emergency visits (OR 2.87)...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paudel S, Dahal R, Mathias J, Arjyal S, Markovic L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Comparing Educational Music Therapy Interventions via Stages of Recovery with Adults in an Acute Care Mental Health Setting: A Cluster-Randomized Pilot Effectiveness Study.
Abstract The purpose of this cluster-randomized pilot effectiveness study was to compare two different group-based educational music therapy interventions with a control condition as measured by the stage model of recovery in adults on an acute care mental health unit. Participants (N = 69) were cluster-randomized to one of three single-session conditions: educational lyric analysis (ELA), educational songwriting (ESW), or control. ELA and ESW conditions targeted motivations for and factors contributing to recovery. Results indicated no significant between-group difference. However, ELA and ESW condi...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Silverman MJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Perceptions of Service Use Among Currently and Formerly Homeless Adults with Mental Health Problems.
Abstract This qualitative study used in-depth interviews to examine the service experiences of 52 currently and formerly homeless people with mental health problems. Thematic analysis identified five themes associated with positive and negative service experiences: (1) accessibility of services, (2) humanity in approach to care, (3) perceptions and relationships with other service users, (4) physical space and environment, and (5) outcomes of service use. Overall, minimal differences were found between currently and formerly homeless people with mental health problems, suggesting that both groups have the same wan...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kerman N, Gran-Ruaz S, Lawrence M, Sylvestre J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Prevalence and Determinants of PTSD 3 Years After an Earthquake in Iran.
Abstract Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most debilitating and costly mental health problems that can develop following exposure to natural disasters. Nevertheless, much remains unknown about how to best address PTSD and other mental health needs in disaster-stricken areas, particularly in rural and under-resourced areas. The present study is a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in rural areas that were affected by a destructive earthquake in Iran. The aim of the research is to explore the prevalence and determinants of PTSD among survivors 3 years after the earthquake. A mul...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rafiey H, Alipour F, LeBeau R, Salimi Y Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Change in Mental Health Stigma After a Brief Intervention Among Internally Displaced Persons in Central Sudan.
Abstract Stigmatizing attitudes towards people with mental illness is a worldwide phenomenon, This Longitudinal study aimed to determine the level of stigma, among the internal displaced persons in central Sudan and explore possible changes in stigma associated with an intervention. 1549 persons were interviewed using standardized stigma attitude tools. The study reveled high level of stigma among our respondents and there was no significant difference in attitudes towards mental illness observed after the intervention. The intervention was not associated with change in stigma. However, the findings can inform pol...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanhori Z, Eide AH, Ayazi T, Mdala I, Lien L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Opinions and Expectations Related to Job Placement of Individuals with Schizophrenia: A Qualitative Study Including Both Patients and Employers.
ildiz M Abstract The present study was conducted to identify the problems related to the placement of individuals with schizophrenia into jobs, the conditions allowing them to keep working and to reveal obstacles to their employment. The depth-interview technique was used for obtaining information from both patients with schizophrenia (n = 25) and the human resource managers of selected companies (n = 8). All interviews were recorded, transcribed and assessed using a thematic analysis approach. After the evaluation of qualitative data, the main emerging themes included the problems and ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Can Öz Y, Ünsal Barlas G, Yildiz M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Criminal Justice Professionals' Attitudes Toward Mental Illness and Substance Use.
Abstract Despite the high prevalence of behavioral health disorders in justice settings and prior research on the importance of attitudes in successful treatment outcomes for behavioral health populations, few studies have examined criminal justice professionals' attitudes toward mental illness and substance use. We conducted a state-wide survey of 610 criminal justice professionals using items adapted from the Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire (Albery et al. 2003) to examine attitudes toward mental illness and substance use as a function of criminal justice position and personal contact. For attitu...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lowder EM, Ray BR, Gruenewald JA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Losing to Gain: The Effects of a Healthy Lifestyle Intervention on the Physical and Psychosocial Well-being of Clients in a Community-based Mental Health Setting.
This study tested a HLI (physical exercise and nutrition) and examined the effects on physical and psychosocial outcomes in clients obtaining mental health services at a community-based facility. Key findings included a decrease in anxiety and depressive symptoms at 3 months and consistent improvement in self-efficacy for exercise in the intervention group. Bridges and barriers to achieving optimal results in physical and psychosocial well-being were identified. Findings from this study offer insight into designing and executing more effective HLIs with individuals who have SPMI. PMID: 30701375 [PubMed - as suppl...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mechling BM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
An Assessment of The New York State Behavioral Health System's Readiness to Transition to Medicaid Managed Care.
Abstract New York State has one of the most richly funded Medicaid programs in the United States. In an effort to achieve the triple aim New York State is undergoing a significant redesign of its Medicaid program including transitioning nearly all Medicaid funded behavioral health services into Medicaid managed care. In preparation for this transition, a state funded technical assistance center assessed the behavioral health care system's readiness to undergo this reform across 11 domains. Between September and November, 2014, the TA center electronically distributed a readiness survey to 897 mental health and sub...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Acri M, Fuss AA, Quintero P, Baier M, Connolly C, Dean-Assael K, Ferris D, Franco L, McGuire M, Vilgorin B, Cleek A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Title: Brief Implicit Association Tests of Stigmatizing Attitudes, Awareness of Mental Distress and Label-Avoidance: A Study in People with Depressive Symptoms.
This study aims to develop and implement brief implicit association tests (BIATs) assessing stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness, awareness of mental distress and self-identification as having a mental illness. We recruited 229 people (age range 18-80 years) with currently untreated depressive symptoms. In addition to BIATs, explicit measures assessed depression severity, contact experience and self-identification as having a mental illness. BIATs showed good feasibility. Age and educational differences were observed for each BIAT. Regarding depression severity, people with mild depression severity showed str...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Freitag S, Stolzenburg S, Schomerus G, Schmidt S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
PTSD Symptoms, Vicarious Traumatization, and Burnout in Front Line Workers in the Homeless Sector.
In this study, we surveyed 472 individuals who work in frontline positions in homeless shelters in 23 different organizations. We found rates of burnout, vicarious traumatization and compassion satisfaction, comparable to workers in other social services organizations but found rates of PTSD symptoms to be at 33% of the total population. This higher incidence of PTSD symptoms suggests that workers under-report traumatic stress when it is described as vicarious traumatization, that they specifically attribute this to client contact, and that vicarious traumatization is traumatic stress specifically attributed to job-related...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Waegemakers Schiff J, Lane AM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A University-Based Transdisciplinary Approach to Mental Health Workforce Shortages.
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, actions, and evaluation of a university-based, transdisciplinary coalition so that the model may be replicated in other university or multidisciplinary systems. The University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV) Mental and Behavioral Health Coalition addresses Nevada's workforce shortages through multi-disciplinary faculty collaboration among seven training programs at UNLV that produce mental health professionals. The coalition's collaborative approach to solution-generating work has served as a catalyst for professional integration in the community as a w...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hunt SM, Denby RW, Hertlein KM, Lefforge N, Paul MG Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
National, Sex and Academic Discipline Difference in Smartphone Addiction: A Study of Students in Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Sudan.
Abstract There are an increasing number of studies on smartphone addiction (SA) among students, and also a number of cross-cultural ones. We add to this body of research by presenting, for the first time, a cross-cultural study comparing students in four Middle Eastern countries: Sudan, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. In this context, we also attempt to replicate findings-in other studies-that there are differences in smartphone addiction prevalence along the lines of sex, culture and subject of study. These findings were indeed replicated in a Middle Eastern context. We found significant differences between the ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Albursan IS, Al Qudah MF, Dutton E, Hassan EMAH, Bakhiet SFA, Alfnan AA, Aljomaa SS, Hammad HI Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Attitudes of Mental Health Peer-Run Organizations Towards Health Homes: Recommendations for Policy and Practice.
This study examined peer-run organizations' attitudes towards collaborating in health homes. Data were drawn from the 2012 National Survey of Peer-Run Organizations. Multinomial logistic regression modeled the association between organizational willingness to participate in a health home and salient factors. Current efforts (OR = 5.05; p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Siantz E, Ostrow L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Stepped Care as an Implementation and Service Delivery Model for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis.
Abstract Cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorders is an evidence-based treatment that is recommended by United States schizophrenia treatment guidelines. Based on recent estimates, only 0.3% of individuals with a primary psychotic disorder are able to access this treatment in the United States. Stepped care interventions have shown promise as an applied treatment delivery model in other settings and for other psychotherapeutic interventions. The current paper describes how the stepped care model can be applied to CBT for psychosis in the US to increase access to the intervention in communi...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kopelovich SL, Strachan E, Sivec H, Kreider V Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Interplay of Self-efficacy and Social Support in Predicting Quality of Life in Cardiovascular Patients in Pakistan.
Abstract The primary objective of the present study was to assess independent and interactive relations of perceived social support and self-efficacy with four quality of life (QOL) domains namely physical, psychological, social, and environmental in cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients from a South Asian region. Participants were 172 (age 22-60 years) patients recruited from three major government sector hospitals from the fifth biggest city of South Asia. It was found that overall CVD patients had a better QOL in psychological and environmental domains compared to social and psychological. Furthermore, fin...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fatima S, Jibeen T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Perspectives on Suicide Prevention Amongst Members of Christian Faith-Based Organizations.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore perspectives on suicide prevention held by members of Christian faith-based organizations (FBOs). Eight focus groups were facilitated, and five major themes were identified: perceptions of responsibility, connection to suicidal persons, equipping for suicide prevention, collaboration with professional services, and hope. Overall, Christian FBO members considered suicide prevention to be an important demonstration of their faith and values. They perceived themselves to be currently adding to suicide prevention efforts through spiritual practices and interpersonal sk...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bazley R, Pakenham K, Watson B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
National Resilience: A New Self-Report Assessment Scale.
Abstract The current paper presents a new self-report national resilience assessment scale (NRAS). The scale was constructed and validated using a sample of 1022 Jewish Israeli adults. The internal structure of the 25-item was determined by a Varimax factor analysis, which emitted four distinct factors pertaining to identifying with the state, solidarity and social justice, trust in national institutions and trust in public justice; which explained 61% of the variance. These factor scores were validated against two national resilience promoting factors (community resilience and sense of coherence), and two nationa...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kimhi S, Eshel Y, Lahad M, Leykin D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract PMID: 30591978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Phenomenon of "Hearing Voices": Not Just Psychotic Hallucinations-A Psychological Literature Review and a Reflection on Clinical and Social Health.
The Phenomenon of "Hearing Voices": Not Just Psychotic Hallucinations-A Psychological Literature Review and a Reflection on Clinical and Social Health. Community Ment Health J. 2018 Dec 10;: Authors: Iudici A, Quarato M, Neri J Abstract The phenomenon of hearing voices is currently a much-discussed topic, both in the field of research and in the field of care services. The majority of people who report "hearing voices" do not subsequently receive services or receive a diagnosis of psychopathology. This topic raises questions for professionals in the health field about the lack of t...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Iudici A, Quarato M, Neri J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Attitudes Toward Patient-Centered Care in the Mental Care Services in Isfahan, Iran.
This study measured the attitudes of the patients' family and personal caregivers (FPCs) and psychiatrists toward patient-centered care. A sample of 88 FPCs of mental patients and 29 psychiatrists in four teaching hospitals of Isfahan city, Iran, providing mental care, were asked to complete the patient-practitioner orientation scale (PPOS). Results showed mean scores of PPOS, sharing and caring for the psychiatrists were 3.4, 3.8, and 3.1, compared to 3.9, 4.2, and 3.7 for the mental patients' FPCs. There was a significant difference between the PPOS mean scores of the FPC and psychiatrist groups (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Akkafi M, Sajadi HS, Sajadi ZS, Krupat E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research