Attitudes of Community-Leading Occupational Groups Towards Mental Illnesses: The Sample of a City in Western Turkey.
Abstract This descriptive study aims to determine attitudes of community-leading occupational groups towards mental illnesses. The sample of this descriptive study consisted of a total of 1100 participants from clergymen, headmen, teachers, policemen and primary healthcare professionals working in Düzce, Turkey. Data were collected using the Personal Information Form and the Beliefs Toward Mental Illness Scale-BTMIS. Occupational groups were determined to have moderate beliefs about mental diseases according to their BTMIS scale total scores. The occupational groups that had most negative beliefs toward menta...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karaca A, Acikgoz F, Cangur S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Changes in Stigma Experience Among Mental Health Service Users over Time: A Qualitative Study with Focus Groups.
Abstract Public expenditure on mental health education has grown exponentially in the past two decades. A qualitative study using focus groups was used to explore whether the experience of stigma among 22 mental health service users improved over time. We identified five major themes on changes in social stigma, perceived stigma, and stigma coping. Stigmatizing and discriminatory experiences were still common in workplace, healthcare system, and relational aspects but some participants perceived that there were reductions in social stigma. Participants believed that media portrayal and celebrity effect were import...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chung KF, Tse S, Lee CT, Chan WM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Changing Rates of Mental Health Disorders Among Veterans Treated in the VHA During Troop Drawdown, 2007-2013.
Abstract Nationally representative data on mental health disorder prevalence are critical to set informed mental health priorities and policies. Data indicating mental health diagnoses within our nation's veteran population treated at the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) are available, but have yet to be examined for changing trends to inform both VHA and community care. We use VHA national program evaluation data from a time of increasing military enrollment (2007) to troop draw down (2013) to examine changes over time in the number of diagnoses in veterans receiving VHA services. The number of veterans in al...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hunt MG, Cuddeback GS, Bromley E, Bradford DW, Hoff RA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Incorporating a Physical Activity Program into an Assertive Community Treatment Team: Impact and Strategies.
The objective of this brief report is to present an overview of the main benefits and key characteristics of an individualized physical activity program delivered by an assertive community treatment team in Ottawa, Canada. A mixed-method case study was conducted over a 9-month period. Findings revealed significant reductions in weight, BMI and waist circumference (p 
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Guérin E, Dupuis JP, Jacob JD, Prud'homme D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Public Knowledge of, Perceptions About and Attitudes Towards Dementia: A Cross-Sectional Survey Among Lebanese Primary Health Care Attenders.
Abstract Dementia is a leading cause of dependency and disability among older adults. Minimal knowledge, poor attitudes and negative perceptions are barriers of dementia early screening, diagnosis and treatment. This is the first study that assesses knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of dementia among a Middle Eastern population. Two hundred and fifty-four Lebanese adults not having dementia attending primary healthcare centers in the capital of Lebanon were interviewed using an Arabic version of the 2010 Northern Ireland Life and Times survey. The highest proportion of the participants (61%) had low knowledge s...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hamieh N, Sharara E, Salibi N, Mrad P, Chaaya M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

With Small Power, Comes Great Responsibility: Lessons Learned from an Evaluation of Veteran and Military Mental Health Public Awareness Campaigns.
This study was conducted to determine the feasibility of conducting a cost-benefit evaluation of federally-funded media campaigns encouraging mental health help-seeking among United States military personnel and veterans. To calculate the necessary sample size for the evaluation, we obtained campaign costs, and determined the number of treatment seekers needed for the campaign to break even with its cost and the associated population change that an evaluation would need to detect. The sample size needed for an evaluation with 80% power was greater than the total population of U.S. military personnel and veterans. Given tha...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Acosta JD, Ashwood JS, Schell TL, Cerully JL Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Predictors of Post-Treatment Employment for Individuals with Substance Use Disorders.
This study examined the influence of gender, post-treatment issue severities, and treatment participation rate on the post-treatment employment status of consumers with substance use disorders. The study analyzed the archival data of 100 unemployed and underemployed participants from a substance abuse intensive outpatient program. We found significant differences in the characteristics of gender, severity of alcohol use, drug use, psychiatric issues, and treatment participation rate. Female gender and low treatment participation rates negatively predicted employment. This study increased understanding about the interplay o...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kim M, Leierer S, Jeon J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Stigma and Discrimination Towards Mental Illness: Translation and Validation of the Turkish Version of the Attribution Questionnaire-27 (AQ-27-T).
Abstract The stigmatization towards mental illness has significant effects on the quality of life both for the people with a psychiatric disorder and their families. The aim of this study was to translate the Attribution Questionnaire-27(AQ-27) to the Turkish language, and to evaluate the reliability and validity of new Turkish version on a multi-centered selected adult sample. Cultural adaptation was implemented according to the internationally suggested method. The Turkish version of AQ-27 (AQ-27-T) was applied to a total of 424 participants (221 females) included to study. As a result; a good internal consisten...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Akyurek G, Efe A, Kayihan H Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Profiles of Clinical Need Among Homeless Individuals with Dual Diagnoses.
This study explored patterns of clinical need among homeless individuals with dual diagnoses, and explored whether certain profiles are characteristic of different demographic groups. Data were drawn from two larger studies conducted with dually diagnosed, homeless individuals (n = 373). Hierarchical cluster analysis identified four subgroups: (1) Clinically least severe, characterized by less frequent psychological symptoms and no history of physical or sexual abuse; (2) Moderate clinical needs, including shorter history of substance use and less frequent psychological symptoms, but symptoms consistent with ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Holzhauer CG, Byrne T, Simmons MM, Smelson D, Epstein EE Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Socio-demographic Correlates of Child Marriages: A Study from Turkey.
Abstract The present study was aimed at determining the factors affecting women's decisions of early marriage. The study sample comprised 651 women who were in the 30 and under age group, and had gotten married during their childhood. The study data were collected using the questionnaire developed by the researchers through a literature review. In the present study, those who had Romani ethnic origin, who were primary school graduates, who had parents with lower education and/or whom had low income got married at a younger age. Most of the women who had early marriages were unemployed and vulnerable to spousal vio...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Duran S, Tepehan Eraslan S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Investigation of Problematic Mobile Phones Use and Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) Level in Adolescents.
Abstract The aim of the study is to define problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) and level of fear of missing out developments in social media (FoMO) in adolescents. The study sample consisted of 1630 students. The data were collected using fear of missing out scale (FoMOS), and scale for problematic mobile phone use (PU). Statistically significant differences were found the mean scores on PU according to gender, age, and academic success. The students' mean scores on PU and FoMOS were found to significant difference depending on frequency of social media and phone use. A significant relationship was found between t...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Coskun S, Karayagız Muslu G Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Significance of Leaders for Sustained Use of Evidence-Based Practices: A Qualitative Focus-Group Study with Mental Health Practitioners.
Abstract Evidence-based practices that are implemented in mental health services are often challenging to sustain. In this focus-group study, 26 mental health practitioners with high fidelity scores were interviewed regarding their experiences with implementing the illness management and recovery, an evidence-based practice for people with severe mental disorders, in their services and how this could influence further use. Findings indicate that high fidelity is not equivalent to successful implementation. Rather, to sustain the practice in services, the practitioners emphasized the importance of their leaders bei...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Egeland KM, Hauge MI, Ruud T, Ogden T, Heiervang KS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Effect of Counselling on Depression and Anxiety of Women with Unplanned Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Abstract This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 80 Iranian pregnant women with unplanned pregnancy. The participants were randomly assigned to two groups of intervention and control. The intervention group received one to three sessions of individual counseling and six sessions of group counseling each week in six consecutive weeks, and the control group received routine care. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were completed by the participants before and 4 weeks after the intervention. There was no significant difference between groups in te...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ekrami F, Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi S, Babapour Kheiroddin J, Mirghafourvand M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Trashing Property: Characteristics of Psychiatric Patients Who Engage in Domestic Property Damaging.
Abstract This descriptive record-based study included 75 patients who had engaged in domestic property damaging (DPD) and needed assessment by an urban emergency psychiatric service team in The Netherlands. The DPD patients were compared to 1145 other patients referred because of aggression, suicidality or other reasons. DPD patients were more often diagnosed with a psychotic disorder or a manic episode, had more often a migration background, were less often diagnosed with depression, and had lower GAF scores. There were no differences with respect to personality disorders or substance use. DPD patients were two t...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Postma A, Bekmann S, Havenaar JM, Braam AW Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

A Multi-sourced Data Analytics Approach to Measuring and Assessing Biopsychosocial Complexity: The Vancouver Community Analytics Tool Complexity Module (VCAT-CM).
This article describes the conceptualization, design and development of a novel software tool (the VCAT-Complexity Module) that can calculate and report real-time person-oriented biopsychosocial complexity profiles, using multiple data sources. The tool aligns with a profile approach to conceptualizing health outcomes, and represents a potentially significant advance over disease-oriented complexity assessment tools. The results and face validity of the software's complexity score outputs are discussed, along with their practical implications on functions related to the development of primary care within Vancouver Coastal ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shukor AR, Joe R, Sincraian G, Klazinga N, Kringos DS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Towards Understanding the Relationship Between Psychosocial Factors and Ego Resilience Among Primary School Children in a Kenyan Setting: A Pilot Feasibility Study.
Abstract Ego resilience in childhood is linked to positive mental health outcomes but varies across cultures. Kenya presents a unique context in which children are vulnerable to adversity. We therefore hypothesized that Ego resilience traits are found in Kenya. We aimed to: (i) demonstrate Ego resilience in Kenya, (ii) determine associated social-demographic and psychological factors in a non-clinical population of primary school going children, (iii) contribute to the global data base with Kenyan data and (iv) lay the grounds for informed future and more focused studies in Kenya. We used a socio-demographic ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ndetei D, Mutiso V, Maraj A, Anderson K, Musyimi C, Musau A, Tele A, Gitonga I, McKenzie K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Effect of Brief Cognitive Behavioral Counseling and Debriefing on the Prevention of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Traumatic Birth: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSION: Screening of traumatic childbirth, implementation of supportive care, and early counseling prior to the initiation of post-traumatic stress are recommended. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: IRCT2015072522396N2. http://en.search.irct.ir/view/24735 . PMID: 31177482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Abdollahpour S, Khosravi A, Motaghi Z, Keramat A, Mousavi SA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Use of Smartphones, Computers and Social Media Among People with SMI: Opportunity for Intervention.
The objective of this study was to provide an update regarding use of technology in people with serious mental illness (SMI). In 2017, 403 people in treatment for SMI were surveyed. Technology use was common: 65.8% used a smartphone, 53.6% used the Internet on a computer or tablet in the past 6 months, and over two thirds (67.9%) used social media. Rates of technology and Facebook use were similar to rates among low-income Americans. Approximately three quarters were willing to use a device to access interventions for stress, health and mental health. Younger adults were more likely to use most forms of technology and...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brunette MF, Achtyes E, Pratt S, Stilwell K, Opperman M, Guarino S, Kay-Lambkin F Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Consumers' Suggestions for Improving the Mental Healthcare System: Options, Autonomy, and Respect.
This study explores consumers' suggestions for improving the mental healthcare system. Participants (N = 46) were conveniently recruited and responded to an online survey asking: "What are your suggestions for improving the mental healthcare system?" Eight themes were identified using iterative, inductive and deductive coding. Themes included treatment options, autonomy and empowerment, respect and relationships, medication management, peer support, insurance and access, funding and government support, and treatment environment. Theoretically, there is interdependence among themes where five of the ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shields M, Scully S, Sulman H, Borba C, Trinh NH, Singer S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Mental Health Courts in Reducing Recidivism and Police Contact: A Systematic Review.
Abstract Mental health courts were created to help criminal defendants who have a mental illness that significantly contributes to their criminal offense. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to assess the current evidence to address the question, "How effective are mental health courts in reducing recidivism and police contact?" Systematic literature searches of eight electronic databases were performed. A total of 2590 unique citations were identified. Of these, 20 studies were included in the final analysis. The results of this systematic review suggest there is some evidence to show th...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Loong D, Bonato S, Barnsley J, Dewa CS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Social Support Buffering Effect in the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Alcohol Use Among Brazilian Women.
Abstract This cross-sectional study interviewed Brazilian women regularly attending primary care to investigate whether the relationship between social support and alcohol use is direct or is mediated by stress, in order to support the development of recommendations related to health prevention and mental health promotion actions. The results suggest that social support affects the outcome alcohol use in the women studied by buffering the effect of stress. Based on these results, recommendations are made for amplifying the social support network that prevents stress-induced alcohol use. PMID: 31175517 [PubMed...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: de Souza J, de Almeida LY, de Oliveira JLG, Miasso AI, Pillon SC, Moll MF Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Effect of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention Program on Comprehensive Mental Health Problems of Chinese Undergraduates.
Abstract How best to support mental health of young people is an important public health challenge. More empirical researches are need to examine the relationship between mindfulness-based interventions and mental health in China. The present study reports results from a quasi-experiment following a one-group repeated-measures design which investigated the impact of a standard 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) program in 81 Chinese undergraduates (14 males, 67 females, age 20.35 ± 1.35 years). Data was collected using the Symptom Check List 90 (SCL90) at baseline, week 3, ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liu X Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Service-Related Barriers and Facilitators in an Early Childhood System of Care: Comparing the Perspectives of Parents and Providers.
Abstract Systems of care (SOCs) have the potential to enhance underserved families' access to integrated health and support services. Most scholarship on SOCs has involved school-aged children and adolescents. Thus, research is needed to better understand barriers to, and facilitators of, families' access to services during early childhood. The present study included a community-based participatory approach in understanding services for families of children under age six years with severe emotional and behavioral problems. We analyzed data from two focus groups with caregivers (n = 7) and three focus...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Champine RB, Shaker AH, Tsitaridis KA, Whitson ML, Kaufman JS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Evidence-Based Interventions for Adolescents with Depression and Suicide Related Behaviors in Low and Middle Income Countries.
Abstract Depression is the number one cause of disability for adolescents. Moreover, depression is the strongest predictor for suicide, which is the second cause for death among adolescents worldwide. A total of 22 RCTs conducted in 14 different LMICs have been reviewed. This is a significant effort to provide mental health services for adolescents in LMICs. However, considering that 2/3 of the world's countries meet criteria for LMIC status and 75% of suicides occur in LMICs, more research addressing both understanding and intervention/prevention of depression and suicide must be conducted in these countries. ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Davaasambuu S, Phillip H, Ravindran A, Szatmari P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Psychiatric Risk Assessment from the Clinician's Perspective: Lessons for the Future.
;g B Abstract Accurate prediction of risk-states in Serious Mental Illnesses (SMIs) is critical for reducing their massive societal burden. Risk-state assessments are notably inaccurate. Recent innovations, including widely available and inexpensive mobile technologies for ambulatory "biobehavioral" data, can reshape risk assessment. To help understand and accelerate clinician involvement, we surveyed 90 multi-disciplinary clinicians serving SMI populations in various settings to evaluate how risk assessment is conducted and can improve. Clinicians reported considerable variability in conducting risk ass...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cohen AS, Fedechko T, Schwartz EK, Le TP, Foltz PW, Bernstein J, Cheng J, Rosenfeld E, Elvevåg B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Integrative Body-Mind-Spirit (I-BMS) Practices for Schizophrenia: An Outcome Literature Review on Randomized Controlled Trials.
Abstract Prior reviews show that certain complementary and alternative practices are promising for patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this study is to review the outcome literature on intervention studies using integrative body-mind-spirit (I-BMS) practices on schizophrenia. This is an outcome literature review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on I-BMS practices from 2004 to 2016. The review used a modified Delphi List to assess methodological rigor and the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse Scientific Rating Scale to evaluate the level of research support for each identified I-BMS practice. This r...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wang X, Beauchemin J, Liu C, Lee MY Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Predicting Turnover: The Moderating Effect of Functional Climates on Emotional Exhaustion and Work Attitudes.
This study draws on social exchange theory and examines the relationships between emotional exhaustion and mental health provider work attitudes and turnover, and the moderating effect of functional psychological climates. Data were analyzed using multilevel structural equation modeling in a sample of 311 mental health providers from 49 community mental health programs. Results revealed that emotional exhaustion was negatively related to work attitudes, and the relationship was moderated by functional climates characterized by high levels of cooperation, growth and advancement opportunities, and role clarity...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dishop CR, Green AE, Torres E, Aarons GA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Relationship of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy with Self-Esteem and General Health in Breastfeeding Mothers Referred to Health Centers of Falavarjan City-Iran, 2015.
This study aimed to examine the relationship of breastfeeding self-efficacy with self-esteem and general health. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 547 breastfeeding mothers in Falavarjan-Iran. Participants were selected randomly, and questionnaires of socio-demographic characteristics, breastfeeding self-efficacy, self esteem, and the GHQ-28 were completed through interview. The mean score (SD) of breastfeeding self-efficacy was 134.5 (13.3) from the score range of 33-165. The mean score of self-esteem was 5.89 (4.0) from - 10 to + 10 score range, and the mean score of general health was 19.7 (9.13)...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kamalifard M, Mirghafourvand M, Ranjbar F, Sharajabad FA, Gordani N Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

How to Measure Knowledge About Mental Disorders? Validation of the Italian Version of the MAKS.
Abstract The aim of this study is to validate the Italian version of the Mental Health Knowledge Schedule (MAKS-I). The validation process included: linguistic validation; analysis of the feasibility; face validity; internal consistency; floor and the ceiling effects; divergent validity. Multiple linear regression was performed to examine the relationship between mental health knowledge and independent variables. MAKS-I was administered to 453 people. The linguistic validation was successful and face validity of the questionnaire showed no critical issues. The estimated composite reliability was 0.638. Divergent v...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pingani L, Sampogna G, Evans-Lacko S, Gozzi B, Giallonardo V, Luciano M, Galeazzi GM, Fiorillo A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Physio-psychosocial and Metabolic Parameters of Obese Adolescents: Health-Promoting Lifestyle Education of Obesity Management.
i E Abstract The aim of the study was to determine the effect of health-promoting lifestyle education on the physio-psychosocial and metabolic parameters of obese adolescents. This quasi-experimental study was conducted at a city center in Turkey through a pretest and a post-test (n = 73). Following the collection of the first assessment data from the study and control groups, an 8-week education program was applied to students in the study group. The study found that the BMI values and obesity-related risk factors of study group decreased, the means of the self-esteem scale and total ALS and sub-sca...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Top FÜ, Kaya B, Tepe B, Avci E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Preliminary Report on a Spiritually-Based PTSD Intervention for Military Veterans.
Abstract Military veterans can experience spiritual/religious struggles such as weakening of beliefs, loss of meaning, increased guilt, difficulty forgiving, and moral challenges as a result of military trauma. While mainstream treatments (e.g., exposure therapy) have been shown to be effective for many, they often fail to address these issues adequately. This paper describes an 8-session spiritually-based group intervention designed to treat trauma-related spiritual wounds among military veterans. A program evaluation conducted with 24 veterans revealed significant reductions in PTSD symptoms, spiritual injury, a...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Starnino VR, Angel CT, Sullivan JE, Lazarick DL, Jaimes LD, Cocco JP, Davis LW Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Job Stress and Nurses Well-Being: Prayer and Age as Moderators.
This study examines the moderating effects of prayer and age on the relationship between job stress and nurses' well-being in UMMC. Three hundred (300) Muslim nursing staff working at the University of Malaya Medical Centre were sampled. Data were collected via questionnaires. The findings of this study show that the effect of job stress on well-being is significant for nurses and that prayer of nurses contributed to alleviating job stress and enhancing well-being. This study is limited to nurses in one public hospital in a developing country. Thus, it would be more interesting if the study could be extended to other publi...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Achour M, Binti Abdul Ghani Azmi I, Bin Isahak M, Mohd Nor MR, Mohd Yusoff MYZ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Transition Experiences Following Psychiatric Hospitalization: A systematic Review of the Literature.
Abstract The period immediately following discharge after inpatient stay for mental illness has been found to be the time of greatest risk for adverse outcomes (e.g., rehospitalization, relapse, suicide). However, the experiences of patients as they transition from the hospital to the community are not well understood. The purpose of the present review was to systematically search and synthesize the literature examining the transition experiences of individuals following inpatient psychiatric stay. A systematic search was conducted for studies examining the experiences of patients as they transition back into thei...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mutschler C, Lichtenstein S, Kidd SA, Davidson L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Parenting Styles and Aggression Among Young Adolescents: A Systematic Review of Literature.
Abstract There is ample research on aggression amongst children and adolescents that highlights several antecedents of aggression. While researchers have remarked on the relationship between parenting styles and aggression in children, there are few studies that integrate and systemize the available studies on parenting styles and aggression. The present review is an attempt to fill this gap. For this review, relevant studies were first searched, then coded and classified. As a result of thorough review, 34 relevant studies were identified. The review shows that parenting styles have a direct impact on aggression ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Masud H, Ahmad MS, Cho KW, Fakhr Z Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Recovery-Oriented Outcomes Associated with Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotics in an Urban Safety-Net Population.
This study examined whether transitioning patients from oral antipsychotics (POs) to long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) helps patients achieve recovery-oriented goals. Data was extracted from San Francisco County's electronic medical record system for this retrospective pre-post observational study. Patients reflect a safety-net population treated in community-based mental health settings during 2015. The San Francisco Adult Strengths and Needs Assessment (SF ANSA), a measure of psychosocial functioning, was used to assess within-subject change when treated with POs versus LAIs. In our study sample (N =&th...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yoshimatsu K, Elser A, Thomas M, Dilley J, Barnes D, Ballinger A, Wozniak S, Mangurian C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Association Between Earthquake Exposures and Mental Health Outcomes in Phulpingdanda Village After the 2015 Nepal Earthquakes.
Abstract In 2015, two strong earthquakes, as well as continuous, high magnitude aftershocks, struck Nepal. Phulpingdanda village was greatly impacted due to its lack of infrastructure and environmental remoteness. Adults from sampled households were surveyed 1-year later to examine the association between earthquake exposures and indicators of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and resilience. Results showed 33% of surveyed residents screened positive for depression, 9% screened positive for severe PTSD, and 46% displayed moderate to high resilience. Additionally, participants experienced resource ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Schwind JS, Norman SA, Brown R, Frances RH, Koss E, Karmacharya D, Santangelo SL Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

A Place to Call Home: Hearing the Perspectives of People Living with Homelessness and Mental Illness Through Service Evaluation.
This study aimed to explore the satisfaction and experiences of people who have received supported housing and mental health services. We conducted a retrospective, mixed methods study using a data mining approach, analyzing consumer satisfaction survey responses collected on discharge from the service over a 7-year period. Responses from 178 consumers aged between 20 and 62 years were included. Quantitative results indicated that consumers rated the quality of services as relatively high. Analysis of qualitative responses identified seven themes describing people's views on how they had benefitted from the service. C...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: O'Donovan J, Russell K, Kuipers P, Siskind D, Elphinston RA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Self-Reported Pain Intensity and Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders.
This study aimed to examine the associations between levels of pain intensity and depressive symptoms among community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Recruited from U.S. community mental health centers, participants reported on pain and depressive symptoms at the onset of the Helping Older People Experience Success (HOPES) study. Unadjusted and adjusted regression analyses were conducted. Higher pain intensity was associated with elevated depressive symptoms in all analyses, which is consistent with other studies in the general population. Given the widespread efforts to ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brooks JM, Blake J, Sánchez J, Mpofu E, Wu JR, Chen X, Nauser J, Cotton BP, Bartels SJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Integrated Care: Should It Count as Community Psychiatry Training for Psychiatry Residents?
Abstract Psychiatry residents are required to be exposed to community psychiatry. Historically, this occurred in public hospitals or assertive community treatment (ACT) teams. A new model of psychiatric care delivery, integrated care, has become prevalent. While integrated care shares some features with traditional community psychiatry rotations, no research exists to demonstrate if integrated care rotations can accomplish the aims of traditional rotations. This pilot study compared learning outcomes in ACT team rotations versus integrated care rotations. Pre- and post-rotation surveys were disseminated to third-y...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Reardon CL, Buhr KA, Factor RM, Walaszek A, Zeidler Schreiter E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Depressive Symptoms and Sexually Transmitted Disease: Evidence from a Low-Income Neighborhood of New York City.
We examined the association between sexually transmitted disease (STD) and depressive symptoms. Our analysis utilized the 2015 cross-sectional Washington Heights Community Survey. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine the primary association between having a history of STD and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) score while adjusting for potential confounders. Then in separate models, we adjusted for the interaction of social factors with PHQ-9 score to test for modification effect on the primary association. In this low-income neighborhood, STD history was not significantly associated wi...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jiao B, Zafari Z, Ruggeri K, Williams SZ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Development of the Impact of Physical Activity Scale.
Abstract Despite evidence that exercise has physical and mental benefits, there is still a high dropout rate. One reason for why people struggle to maintain consistency in their workout programs is self-efficacy, the cognitive mechanism that predicts behavioral intention. Given that emotional arousal plays an important role in self-efficacy, we developed the Impact of Physical Activity (IPA) scale to investigate how positive and negative affect influence commitment to exercise. The findings demonstrate good internal reliability of the scale, as well as convergent and divergent validity with optimism and depression...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alloway TP, Parker R, Cohen B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Predictors of Receipt of Physical Health Services in Mental Health Clinics.
Abstract To inform efforts to improve physical health care for adults with serious mental illness, this study examines predictors of provision and receipt of physical health services in freestanding mental health clinics in New York state. The number of services provided over the initial 12-months of implementation varied across clinics from 0 to 1407. Receipt of services was associated with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, frequent mental and physical health visits in the prior year, and prescription of antipsychotic medications. Additional support may also be needed to enable clinics to target patients without esta...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - April 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Breslau J, Pritam R, Guarasi D, Horvitz-Lennon M, Finnerty M, Yu H, Leckman-Westin E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Self-Esteem and HIV Infection in Morocco: Associated Factors Among People Living with HIV-Results from a Community-Based Study.
The objective of this study was to measure self-esteem and to identify associated factors among PLHIV in Morocco. A 125-item questionnaire was administered to 300 PLHIV. The dependent variable was adapted from Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (range 0-4). A weighted multiple linear regression was performed. The mean level of self-esteem was 2.4 ± 1.0. The factors independently associated with self-esteem were: feeling of loneliness (p = 0.001), perceived seriousness of infection (p = 0.006), thinking serostatus disclosure was a mistake (p = 0.007), thinking HIV in...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bernier A, Benmoussa A, Hilali MK, Henry E, Otis J, Loukid M, Préau M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Among Slovene Adolescents.
aron;ček H Abstract We set out to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation among Slovene adolescents and to examine the predictive value of gender, depression, loneliness, multiple health complaints, bullying and degree of family support for the presence of suicidal thoughts. Our sample consisted out of 1547 15-year-old high-school students which took part in the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) in 2014. Suicidal ideation was more present in girls, in adolescents with depressive feelings, and in those reporting higher levels of loneliness and multiple health complaints. Being a bully, loneli...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bračič M, Roškar S, Zager Kocjan G, Jeriček Klanšček H Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Lay Perspectives of Quality of Life in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: The Relevance of Autonomy and Psychological Distress.
Abstract The aim of this study is to increase the understanding of Quality of Life (QoL) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and explore the personal features of living with the disease. Sixty-two RA patients (MAge = 56.7; SD = 11.2; female = 83.9%) were interviewed. Assessment included topics on medical condition, functional status (HAQ-DI), and on their perceived difficulties and worries in having RA. Patients' overall definition of QoL was also inquired. Most patients lived with RA for a long period of time (M = 16.5 years; SD = 11.6) and p...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Santos I, Duarte N, Ribeiro O, Cantista P, Vasconcelos C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Putting the Pieces Together: Perceptions of Longitudinal Wraparound, Systems of Care, and Positive Behavior Support Implementation.
Abstract Positive Behavior Support (PBS) was introduced to community-based providers in Kansas in 2012 in response to a federally funded initiative to reduce the placement of youth in psychiatric facilities. As core project activities concluded in 2016, researchers investigated the impact of this comprehensive PBS initiative on youth, families, mental health centers, and other stakeholders. This paper describes how qualitative interviews and focus groups were used to investigate the perceptions of families, advocates, and implementers involved in wraparound (WA), regional interagency collaboration, and the additio...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Matthews K, Enyart M, Freeman R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Correction to: Losing to Gain: The Effects of a Healthy Lifestyle Intervention on the Physical and Psychosocial Well-being of Clients in a Community-based Mental Health Setting.
Abstract The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error in author group. The second author Tamatha Arms was inadvertently missed to include in the author group. PMID: 30903532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mechling BM, Arms T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Psychiatric Diagnoses and Medications for Hurricane Harvey Sheltered Evacuees.
Abstract To report on the diagnosis of and pharmacological services provided to 229 evacuees of Hurricane Harvey housed within a large convention center. Retrospective chart review of services rendered. Evacuees were primarily adults who presented with varied diagnoses, most commonly mood, anxiety and/or psychotic disorders. There was significant need for medications and psychosocial support to address preexisting conditions, as well as emerging problems (e.g., insomnia). Individuals presenting for pharmacological services following natural disasters may require medications to continue ongoing care, and/or treatme...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Storch EA, Shah A, Salloum A, Valles N, Banu S, Schneider SC, Kaplow J, Goodman WK Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

"What We Have in Common": A Qualitative Analysis of Shared Experience in Peer-Delivered Services.
"What We Have in Common": A Qualitative Analysis of Shared Experience in Peer-Delivered Services. Community Ment Health J. 2019 Mar 22;: Authors: Stefancic A, House S, Bochicchio L, Harney-Delehanty B, Osterweil S, Cabassa L Abstract "Shared experience" has been described as a key element of peer-delivered services, but it is not well-understood how it is used in practice, particularly among peer specialists working in more conventional mental health agencies. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with eight peer specialists and two supervisors working in a Peer Wellness P...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stefancic A, House S, Bochicchio L, Harney-Delehanty B, Osterweil S, Cabassa L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

Developing Organizational Interventions to Address Stigma Among Mental Health Providers: A Pilot Study.
This article outlines a pilot study of "It's Just Us," an organizational intervention designed to reduce stigma among mental health providers by increasing awareness of the stigma they hold toward both clients and other providers with lived experience of mental health challenges. The targeted organization was the Mental Health Service Line in a large, Midwestern VA health care system. About 30% of the clinicians in the service provided information about their levels of stigma toward clients and providers who manage mental health challenges at baseline, 1 year later, and 2 years later. Educational and co...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - March 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Harris JI, Leskela J, Lakhan S, Usset T, DeVries M, Mittal D, Boyd J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research