Validation of Pictorial Mood Assessment with Ottawa Mood Scales and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale for Young Adults.
This study sought to validate the Ottawa Mood Scales, a pictorial form of mood assessment questionnaire among non-native English speaking young adults in Malaysia. Since the Ottawa Mood Scales has not been previously validated, the convergent validity of the Ottawa Mood Scales was measured against the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), an established mood assessment instrument. A total of 129 young adults (aged 18-34) were recruited and completed an online survey with the Ottawa Mood Scales and PANAS questionnaires. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the Ottawa Mood Scales has a one-dimensional structure a...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wong MY, Croarkin PE, Lee CK, Lee PF Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Using the Hub and Spoke Model of Telemental Health to Expand the Reach of Community Based Care in the United States.
Abstract Community-based agencies are challenged with providing mental health care services with limited resources. When services are not provided, children are at increased risk for ongoing symptoms. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the hub and spoke model of telemental services on the quality of function, access to care, and medication management. A retrospective case controlled design was used to examine study objectives. Five hundred and fifty-seven charts were reviewed for persons aged 6 to 17 from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015 and after propensity score matching was appl...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Williams C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Stress Among a Sample of Returning Citizens Living with HIV and Substance Use Disorder: A Mixed Methods Analysis.
Abstract This mixed-methods study asks: among a sample of returning citizens living with HIV and substance use disorder, how is stress experienced; and what are the leading stressors and stress-coping strategies? Data is from a parent study that randomized 36 people to a yoga intervention and 36 people to treatment as usual. Qualitative analysis found that securing basic life needs was more acute in early reentry, and challenges with HIV acceptance were greater among those with a more recent HIV diagnosis. Social support was the most widely employed coping strategy but many lacked social networks. Post-program, mu...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wimberly AS, Ware OD, Bazell A, Sibinga EMS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Economic Distress in Families with a Member Suffering from Severe Mental Illness: Illness Burden or Financial Crisis? Evidence from Greece.
Abstract The present study aims to explore the economic distress and pertinent coping strategies in families with a member suffering from a severe mental illness. Furthermore it endeavors to gauge the impact of illness burden and that of the Greek recession on economic distress, while disentangling their contribution. In total, 190 key relatives of people with severe mental illness were recruited from community mental health services in the region of Attica. Relatives completed a self-reported questionnaire consisting of the Index of Personal Economic Distress, the Family Burden scale and the Family Rituals scale....
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Palli A, Peppou LE, Economou M, Kontoangelos K, Souliotis K, Paschali A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mitigating Psychological Impact: The Experience of Korean Disaster Management.
Abstract The psychological impact of disasters has not been adequately addressed in Korea. This research aims to evaluate how Korea should improve its management of the psychological impact of disasters toward the ultimate goal of effective disaster management. Qualitative content analysis is the main method applied. Nonprofessional management is compared with professional management by considering governments, psychology specialists, disaster victims, and local communities. The main finding is that Korea must change its current management style from nonprofessional to professional. Neighboring nations need to imp...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ha KM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Unmet Need for Mental Healthcare in a Population Sample in Sweden: A Cross-Sectional Study of Inequalities Based on Gender, Education, and Country of Birth.
ml;ve J Abstract This cross-sectional study investigated if gender, education, and country of birth were associated with perceived need and unmet need for mental healthcare (i.e., refraining from seeking care, or perceiving care as insufficient when seeking it). Questionnaire and register data from 2008 were collected for 3987 individuals, aged 19-64 years, in a random population-based sample from western Sweden. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were used. Men were less likely to perceive a need for care than were women, even after adjusting for mental well-being. Men were also less lik...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olsson S, Hensing G, Burström B, Löve J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Violent Victimization, Stressful Events, and Depression: A Longitudinal Study of Young Adults in the U.S.
Abstract We surveyed a sample of young adults in the United States to determine (1) whether/how depression is affected by violent victimization during childhood and/or by recent stressful events, as well as (2) whether any observed links between depression and violent victimization and/or stressful events would be uniform across racial/ethnic groups. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort, we measured respondent depression in 5 interview waves dating 2004-2015. Our final sample for analysis numbered 22,549 person-waves. Our study showed that violent victimization in childhood, and re...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lo CC, Gerling HM, Ash-Houchen W, Cheng TC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Gender Differences in Healthy and Unhealthy Food Consumption and Its Relationship with Depression in Young Adulthood.
This study explores the relationship between the consumption of healthy and unhealthy foods and depression among young adults and the moderating effect of gender on these relationships. The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 for Children and Young Adults (NLSY79 CY) was used. A total of 2983 young adults were selected for the final sample. Logistic Regression Analysis and Ordinary Linear Regression were conducted to examine the research questions. Young men were overall more likely than young women to engage in negative eating habits. The consumption of healthy foods, which included fruits and vegetables, had a sig...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lee J, Allen J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mental Health Services for Men Who Have Sex with Men in China.
This study explores the presence of mental health challenges and related service utilization among MSM in China. An online cross-sectional survey recruited 520 MSM in Guangdong, China, to evaluate the participants' psychiatric symptoms, service fulfillment, and challenges. A high proportion of the participants experienced at least one psychiatric symptom in the past year, but less than half of their mental health service needs were fulfilled. The preferred agencies for mental health services were provincial and city-level general hospitals or primary health centers. Lack of knowledge and misconceptions of mental health ser...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lin C, Li L, Liu J, Fu X, Li Y Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Evaluation of Health Care Disparities for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities in Ohio.
Abstract The purpose of the study was to determine the acute and long term services and supports (LTSS) utilization, cost of health care and disparities in access of care for individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD). Individuals with IDD on a waiver (receiving Medicaid-funded LTSS in community settings) compared to non-IDD individuals on a waiver control group were compared using Ohio Medicaid claims data from calendar year 2013. Results found the IDD Waiver population had lower utilization rates for emergency department visits, hospital admissions, and hospital readmissions within 30&nbs...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amin MR, Gentile JP, Edwards B, Davis M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Relationship Between the Perceived Social Support and Psychological Resilience in Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia.
i K Abstract The present study aimed to explore the relationship between perceived social support and psychological resilience levels of caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. The study was designed as a descriptive relational study and conducted in Community Mental Health Center. Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) were used for data collection. There were significant, positive and high correlations between RSA and MSPSS. Findings of this study may be referenced in the development of resilience-based nursing caring models in the future. PMI...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lök N, Bademli K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Recruitment of Asian Americans with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder for Research Participation: Barriers, Strategies, and Outcomes.
Abstract Difficulty reaching Asian Americans with schizophrenia spectrum disorder has prompted mental health researchers to exclude this subpopulation from the sampling frame or enroll a comparatively smaller sample compared to other races and ethnicities with similar diagnoses. Understanding potential influences on research participation may facilitate efforts to increase the representation of this vulnerable yet underrepresented population in research. We detailed our experiences recruiting Asian Americans with schizophrenia spectrum disorder for participation in an observational study that evaluated their clini...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lim C, Hernandez M, Gaona L, Barrio C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Tech Connect: An Intervention to Promote Treatment Engagement for Adolescents with Depression.
Abstract Poor treatment engagement remains a challenge in effectively treating adolescents with depression. This exploratory 2-arm RCT aimed to test the feasibility and acceptability of Tech Connect for promoting treatment engagement among adolescents. Twenty youth with depression were randomized to Tech Connect (treatment) or standard community-based mental health care (control). Study aims included: (1) assess the feasibility and acceptability of Tech Connect between-session contacts for adolescents, their parents, and treatment providers and (2) conduct a preliminary analysis of engagement and mental health out...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gearing RE, Attia-Guetta R, Moore K, Gorroochurn P, Olson L, Malekoff A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Depression, Anxiety and Stress Among Indians in Times of Covid-19 Lockdown.
Abstract Covid-19 has caused significant distress around the globe. Apart from the evident physical symptoms in infected cases, it has caused serious damage to public mental health. India, like other countries, implemented a nationwide lockdown to contain and curb the transmission of the virus. The current research is an attempt to explore psychological distress among people residing in India during the lockdown. Four hundred and three participants were asked to complete a questionnaire with questions around symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, and family affluence. The results indicated that people who do not...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rehman U, Shahnawaz MG, Khan NH, Kharshiing KD, Khursheed M, Gupta K, Kashyap D, Uniyal R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Holistic Self-learning Approach for Young Adult Depression and Anxiety Compared to Medication-Based Treatment-As-Usual.
Abstract A package of biopsychosocial services for young adults experiencing psychological distress was evaluated and compared to usual outpatient psychiatric care. Young adults (18-25) with moderate-to-severe symptoms of depression and/or anxiety (n = 26) were enrolled in a 13-week intervention consisting of nutritional coaching and multi-vitamin supplements, weekly educational and peer support groups, and a modest financial stipend to engage with physical or expressive activities. A comparison group (n = 13) continued with their usual medication-based outpatient care. Program particip...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hughes S, Rondeau M, Shannon S, Sharp J, Ivins G, Lee J, Taylor I, Bendixsen B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Community Mental Health Care Delivery During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Practical Strategies for Improving Care for People with Serious Mental Illness.
Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has presented a formidable challenge to care continuity for community mental health clients with serious mental illness and for providers who have had to quickly pivot the modes of delivering critical services. Despite these challenges, many of the changes implemented during the pandemic can and should be maintained. These include offering a spectrum of options for remote and in-person care, greater integration of behavioral and physical healthcare, prevention of viral exposure, increased collaborative decision-making related to long-acting injectable and clozapine use, modifyin...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kopelovich SL, Monroe-DeVita M, Buck BE, Brenner C, Moser L, Jarskog LF, Harker S, Chwastiak LA Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Acculturative Stress Among Female Saudi College Students in the United States.
We examined acculturative stress among 84 female Saudi Arabian students enrolled in US colleges and universities in the vicinity of Washington, DC. Most participants experienced low levels of depression and anxiety, as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Furthermore, smooth acculturation in the United States was strongly related to respondents' confidence in their English-language competence. Interestingly, English-language proficiency and other sociodemographic variables (e.g., marital status, religiosity) were not related to psychological stress, as measured by the ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Al-Krenawi A, Alotaibi F, Elbedour S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences of Parenting Women in Drug Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder.
Abstract Descriptive adverse childhood experience (ACE) prevalence data on parenting women seeking treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) is limited, despite this group being one of the fastest growing sub-populations of the opioid epidemic. The aim of this study was to: (1) determine prevalence of ACEs) in a population of parenting women in treatment for OUD, (2) characterize ACEs, and (3) compare study ACE data to Pennsylvania Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (PA BRFSS) to normalize study results. Between 2014 and 2018, ACEs were collected from parenting women (N = 152) enrolled in treat...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gannon M, Short V, LaNoue M, Abatemarco D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Effect of Mindfulness-Based Psychosocial Skills Training on Functioning and Insight Level in Patients with Schizophrenia.
This study aims to determine the effect of mindfulness-based psychosocial skills training (MBPST) on the functional recovery and insight level in patients with schizophrenia. In this study, 40 patients with schizophrenia registered in the Aksaray Community Mental Health Centre were divided into two groups: the intervention group (n = 20) and the non-intervention group (n = 20). The Functional Recovery Scale in Schizophrenia (FRSS) and the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS) were measured at preintervention and postintervention. The posttest mean scores of FRSS and BCIS of the intervention group ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yüksel A, Bahadır-Yılmaz E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Developing a Sound Body: Open Trial Results of a Group Healthy Lifestyle Intervention for Young Adults with Psychosis.
Abstract The mortality disparity for persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) due to cardiovascular disease is a devastating problem. Many risk factors are present in young adults with psychosis that may be ameliorated with lifestyle interventions. Sixteen participants with SSDs enrolled in an 11-week open trial of a novel lifestyle intervention comprised of group high intensity interval training exercise and health and wellness education. The aims were to evaluate (1) feasibility and (2) impact on sedentary behavior, physical activity, nutritional knowledge, physiological outcomes, and psychological w...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Browne J, Cather C, Zvonar V, Thayer K, Skiest H, Arntz D, Kritikos K, Schnitzer K, Brown H, Evins AE, Donovan A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Effects of Oral Health Instruction, and the Use of a Battery-Operated Toothbrush on Oral Health of Persons with Serious Mental Illness: A Quasi-Experimental Study.
Abstract People with a diagnosis of serious mental illness (SMI) have a greater incidence of poorer oral health as compared to the general population. The aim of this quasi-experimental study was to determine the effect that a combination of the use of a battery-operated toothbrush and a related educational intervention may have on the oral health of individuals with serious mental illness. Key findings include that the battery-operated toothbrush resulted in a significant improvement in the mean change in gingival index, a common indicator of oral health. The study also found that oral home care instructions, smo...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Singhal V, Heuer AJ, York J, Gill KJ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Public Attitudes Towards Offenders with Mental Illness Scale (PATOMI): Establishing a Valid Tool to Measure Public Perceptions.
Abstract This paper focuses on investigating public attitudes towards mentally disordered offenders (MDOs), by considering if the Police and Community Attitudes towards Offenders with Mental Illness (PACAMI-O; Glendinning and O'Keeffe in J Mental Health Train Educ Pract 10(2):73-84, 2015) is a valid tool. An opportunity sample of the general public (N = 504) read a fictional vignette depicting an individual with schizophrenia, then answered the PACAMI-O. An exploratory factor analysis revealed a 4 factor solution: Social distance & location of Services, Mental Health Spending, Attitudes towards P...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Walkden SM, Rogerson M, Kola-Palmer D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Psychosocial and Clinical Profiles of the Cases Visiting the Emergency Department Due to Accidental Self-harm and Suicide Attempts in Doha, Qatar: A Retrospective Study.
Abstract The aims of this study were to retrospectively assess the profiles of subjects with suicide attempts and self-harm in Doha, Qatar; and whether the available data were complete. We reviewed all the records of fatal and non-fatal suicides together with accidental self-ham cases seen in the major Emergency Department in Doha, over a one-year period. There was 37 completed suicide, mostly male expatriates in mid 30 s who died by hanging. In cases with suicide intent (N = 270), more males were admitted to Psychiatry than women. Overdose was the common method and the majority had mood disorde...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Al-Amin H, Singh R, Abdulrazzak M, Ghuloum S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Back to Basics: Improving Care for Psychosis.
PMID: 32506257 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steingard S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Psychosocial Change in Members of Clubhouse Paris (France) Over an 18-Month Period: A Longitudinal Mixed Methods Study.
Psychosocial Change in Members of Clubhouse Paris (France) Over an 18-Month Period: A Longitudinal Mixed Methods Study. Community Ment Health J. 2020 Jun 05;: Authors: Bouvet C, Battin C, Cappelaere C, Leroy-Hatala C Abstract The community-based mental health organizations known as "Clubhouses" have existed since the 1940s in the United States, and the model has since spread to many countries. The present study investigates the psychological and social trajectories of 33 members of Clubhouse Paris, the first Clubhouse in France. The study used a pre-post, mixed methods design, with thre...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bouvet C, Battin C, Cappelaere C, Leroy-Hatala C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Culturally Responsive Trauma-Informed Services: A Multilevel Perspective from Practitioners Serving Latinx Children and Families.
ris K Abstract Using a multilevel ecological framework, we take a qualitative approach to examining important cultural considerations that support successful implementation of trauma-informed services within the Latinx community. We conducted key informant interviews with community practitioners recruited primarily in the Phoenix, AZ metro area. Themes that emerged from interviews captured societal, community, and individual barriers to effective implementation of a culturally responsive trauma-informed approach. Specifically, multilevel barriers included socioeconomic circumstances, normalization of trauma exposu...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meléndez Guevara AM, Lindstrom Johnson S, Elam K, Hilley C, Mcintire C, Morris K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Association Between Substance Use and Violence: Results from a Nationally Representative Sample of High School Students in the United States.
Abstract With over 52% of high school students reporting that they have tried alcohol or illicit drugs, 16% carrying a weapon, and 23% engaging in a physical fight, substance use and youth violence remain critical public health challenges in the United States. Using data from the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, study results revealed that youth who reported heavy use of either alcohol, marijuana, or illicit drugs were three to ten times more likely to report carrying a weapon or engaging in a physical fight. Similarly, youth with heavy substance use were one and half times to 14 times more likely to be a victim o...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kedia SK, Dillon PJ, Jiang Y, James W, Collins AC, Bhuyan SS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Relationship Between State Mental Health Agency and Medicaid Spending with Outcomes.
Abstract Little is known about relationships between state mental health expenditures and outcomes. This analysis evaluated relationships between spending and income across the states and mental health outcomes. Relationships between state per capita SMHA and Medicaid mental health spending, as well as median household income, percent of residents on Medicaid and Mental Health America (MHA) ranking, suicide and incarceration rates were assessed using correlations and multiple regressions. Median household income predicted MHA overall and youth ranking. Per capita Medicaid mental health spending predicted MHA preva...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robinson RJ, Palka JM, Brown ES Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Challenges and Problems Facing 2017 Kermanshah Earthquake Survivors: A Qualitative Study.
Abstract It is widely accepted that earthquake poses many challenges to human life. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to explore challenges and problems facing the 2017 Kermanshah earthquake survivors. The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional qualitative content analysis in Kermanshah Province, Iran, in 2018. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 28 earthquake-stricken individuals, aged over 18 years, selected through purposive sampling method. The Graneheim and Lundman method was also used to analyze the data, and then Lincoln and Guba criteria were em...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Khosravi B, Xosravi T, Ziapour A, Fattahi E, Chaboksavar F, Yoosefi Lebni J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Challenges Faced by Mental Health Care Users in a Primary Care Setting: A Qualitative Study.
Abstract Over the past two decades, the value and benefits of integrated mental health care services have been increasingly recognised. Despite the potential benefits, barriers exist at primary care level to receiving mental health care services, interfering with continuity of care. We conducted semi-structured interviews with mental healthcare users at a primary care clinic in South Africa, to explore their experiences of receiving mental health care services. A convenience sample of 15 participants identified challenges such as limited infrastructure, organisation, medication, services in local communities, alli...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Baker N, Naidu K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Implementing Coordinated Specialty Care for First Episode Psychosis: A Review of Barriers and Solutions.
This article reviews existing CSC literature to identify and explore relevant barriers to successful implementation of CSC. Identified barriers include stigma, cultural competence, disengagement, measurement and evaluation, workforce development, implementation in rural areas, and financial stability. The ongoing efforts to address these barriers are described and areas for continued improvements are discussed. PMID: 32472286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Powell AL, Hinger C, Marshall-Lee ED, Miller-Roberts T, Phillips K Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Development and Validation of the Chinese Version of Short-Form of Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM).
This study was conducted to develop a short form of the Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM), translated into Chinese. A total of 1237 Chinese undergraduates, divided into four groups, participated during various phases of scale development. Exploratory factor analysis supported a five-factor structure of the IPSM-C among Chinese undergraduates, which is in accordance with the original model established by Boyce and Parker that contained 36 items. We next developed a 15-item short form of the IPSM (IPSM-CS) whose structural validity was comparable to the full form. All IPSM-CS sub-scales, as well as the total scale, sh...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: You Z, Liu Y, Tan Q, Xu Y, Zhang L, Andrasik F Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Effects of an Enhanced Primary Care Model for Patients with Serious Mental Illness on Emergency Department Utilization.
This study indicated that an enhanced model of primary care can help decrease ED utilization for primary care conditions. The decline was not seen until the patients were well-established. PMID: 32468391 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Belson C, Sheitman B, Steiner B Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Factors Associated with Depressive Symptoms Among Rural Residents from Remote Areas.
This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for depressive symptoms among rural residents in Brazil. A representative sample of two hundred eighty-eight volunteers aged from 18 to 65 years was included and determining factors for high BDI-II score were investigated through a multivariate logistic model. Sadness, loss of pleasure, crying, worthlessness and loss of interest in sex are more likely to be observed in females, and risk factors to this high depression score among rural residents were shown to be: female gender, tobacco use, pesticide application, poor self-perceived health and presence of chronic diseas...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Conti CL, Borçoi AR, Almança CCJ, Barbosa WM, Archanjo AB, de Assis Pinheiro J, Freitas FV, de Oliveira DR, Cardoso LD, De Paula H, Álvares-da-Silva AM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Violence Against Women with Mental Illness and Social Norms and Beliefs: Nursing Professional Perspective.
Abstract Violence against women is a priority public health issue globally and women with mental illness are at double disadvantage. While social norms and beliefs play a critical role in influencing violence among women, limited or no research is available from India. To explore nurses and nursing students' views on social norms and beliefs that support Violence against women with mental illness. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was carried out among randomly selected registered nurses and nursing students (N = 209) using self-reported questionnaires. Majority of the participants confronted norm...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vijayalakshmi P, Gandhi S, Sai Nikhil Reddy S, Palaniappan M, Badamath S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Reverse Integration Pilot in a Public Safety-Net Hospital's Outpatient Behavioral Health Clinic.
This study examined medical outcomes and care utilization patterns among patients at an outpatient behavioral health center where primary care was integrated with psychiatric and behavioral healthcare. A retrospective chart review of patients seen at the clinic both for mental and primary healthcare was performed and 147 patients were monitored over the course of one year. While medical outcome changes were not significant in the year after enrollment, primary care visits did increase, and emergency department visits decreased over the year analyzed. Decreased emergency department visits and increased attendance at pr...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zatloff JP, Gupton O, Ward MC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Examining Psychological Self-Sufficiency Among Low-Income Jobseekers with Mental Health Barriers.
Abstract The study is to investigate psychological self-sufficiency-the force within someone that activates cognitive and non-cognitive process of shifting perceived barriers into hope actions-as it relates to economic self-sufficiency among jobseekers with mental health barriers. Among a sample of 2455 low-income jobseekers in job readiness programs at six community-based agencies in Chicago, a subsample of 424 who self-identified as having mental illness barriers are selected to analyze the relationships between employment hope, employment barriers, and economic self-sufficiency using structural equation modelin...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hong PYP, Hong R, Choi S, Hodge DR Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Exploring Staff Implementation of a Self-directed Parenting Intervention for Parents with Mental Health Difficulties.
Abstract Parents with mental health difficulties face significant barriers in accessing evidence-based parenting interventions. Self-directed approaches may be a destigmatising, accessible alternative. Evidence has suggested that Triple P Positive Parenting Programme's self-directed format is as effective as more time- and cost-intensive delivery methods. The aim of the current study was to establish whether staff were able to use this intervention with parents with mental health difficulties and to explore staff experiences of implementation. Triple P self-help workbooks were provided to practitioners across thre...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Butler J, Gregg L, Calam R, Wittkowski A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Factors Associated with Distress in Caregivers of People with Personality Disorders.
Abstract The present study investigated how stressors experienced by caregivers of people with personality disorders relate to each other and psychological distress, using the Stress Process Model (Pearlin et al. in Gerontologist 30(5):583-594, https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/30.5.583, 1990). A community sample of caregivers (N = 106) completed an online survey. Partial Least Squares Path Modelling revealed that caregivers who were male, younger, or residing with their loved one were more likely to experience stressors. Salient primary stressors included the caregivers' worry and care-receivers' level...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lamborn P, Cramer KM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Break the Silence: Knowledge and Attitude Towards Sexual and Reproductive Health Among Egyptian Youth.
Abstract Sexual health and education are rarely investigated in the Middle East countries, including Egypt. We performed the current study to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards sexual health practices among Egyptian youth. A self-administered questionnaire was translated from English to Arabic. After pilot-testing, the eligible population was invited to fill it online. Nine-hundred and fifty-five participants filled the questionnaire (53% males and 88.5% single). Around 61% of the participants were of the opinion that sexual education is necessary and rejected the notion that sexual educati...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Menshawy A, Abushouk AI, Ghanem E, Senna M, Lotfy N, Abdel-Maboud M, Elmaraezy A, Elsherbeny MY, SABEAD Study group Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Link Between Major Life Events and Quality of Life: The Role of Compassionate Abilities.
This study examined whether compassionate skills (the ability to be self-compassionate and to receive compassion from others) operate as mediator processes in the relationship between negative major life events and psychological quality of life (QoL), in 467 adults. The path model accounted for 48% of psychological QoL' variance and indicated that negative appraisal of major life events was associated with decreased psychological QoL, through increased levels of shame and less compassionate abilities. Findings support the importance of community programmes to enhance psychological QoL, that help individuals cultivate self-...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ferreira C, Barreto M, Oliveira S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Addressing Patients' Mental Health Needs at a Student-Run Free Clinic.
Abstract Student-run free clinics are uniquely positioned to understand the barriers to accessing mental health resources. We abstracted patient demographics and clinical characteristics from 355 patient charts and examined referral patterns for a subset of patients. Seventy-three (21%) of patients were found to have a psychiatric diagnosis and were more likely to have more medical comorbidities (10 versus 6, p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Knoll O, Chakravarthy R, Cockroft JD, Baddour N, Jordan S, Weaver E, Fowler MJ, Miller RF Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Access of Mental Health Services by the Adult Population in Metropolitan Lima, Peru: Characteristics, Perceptions and Need for Care.
This study aimed to characterize mental health service access in metropolitan Lima, Peru. Between May and December 2012, we interviewed 4,445 Peruvian adults, applying the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI); a modified version of the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS-S); and, a health services access questionnaire. In the prior year, 3.6% (95% CI 3.0-4.4) of respondents accessed mental health services. Care access was associated with female sex; being unemployed; and having a diagnosed psychiatric morbidity. Of those with psychiatric morbidity, 16.9% (95% CI 13.3-21.3) received clinical care. Car...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Saavedra JE, Galea JT Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Effectiveness of a Module Based Training on Nurses' Attitude Towards Social Norms and Beliefs That Support Abuse Among women with Mental Illness.
This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of module-based training in changing nurses' attitudes towards norms and beliefs that support violence against women in mental health care settings. In this study, 68 nurses were randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group (34 in each group). After receiving the training program, the mean scores on norms and beliefs and justifiability of abuse scales were significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group (p
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vijayalakshmi P, Sailaxmi G, Nikhil Reddy SS, Marimuthu P, Suresh BM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Engaging Community Networks to Improve Depression Services: A Cluster-Randomized Trial of a Community Engagement and Planning Intervention.
Abstract This paper explores the effects of a group-randomized controlled trial, Community Partners in Care (CPIC), on the development of interagency networks for collaborative depression care improvement between a community engagement and planning (CEP) intervention and a resources for services (RS) intervention that provided the same content solely via technical assistance to individual programs. Both interventions consisted of a diverse set of service agencies, including health, mental health, substance abuse treatment, social services, and community-trusted organizations such as churches and parks and recreati...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mendel P, O'Hora J, Zhang L, Stockdale S, Dixon EL, Gilmore J, Jones F, Jones A, Williams P, Sharif MZ, Masongsong Z, Kadkhoda F, Pulido E, Chung B, Wells KB Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Predicting hallucination proneness based on mindfulness in university students: the mediating role of mental distress.
This study investigated the mediating effect of mental distress in predicting hallucination proneness based on mindfulness. A number of 168 Iranian university students completed three questionnaires: (1) the five-facet mindfulness questionnaire, (2) the depression, anxiety and stress scale; and (3) the revised hallucination scale. The results showed that there was a significant association between levels of mindfulness and hallucination proneness. Mental distress has a significant effect on four facets of mindfulness questionnaire and an insignificant effect on one facet (awareness) in predicting hallucination. These effec...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hosseini SR, Pirkashani NG, Farahani MZ, Farahani SZ, Nooripour R Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Fresh Focus for Troubled Times.
PMID: 32424737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steingard S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Fresh Focus for Troubled Times.
PMID: 32425211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steingard S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Social Prescribing for Individuals Living with Mental Illness in an Australian Community Setting: A Pilot Study.
Abstract Social prescribing, also known as "community referral", is a means of referring individuals living in the community to existing local non-clinical health, welfare, and social support services. International evidence demonstrates that social prescribing improves biopsychosocial quality of life, and burden on health services. Australia's first social prescribing pilot program for individuals with mental illness (mood and psychotic spectrum disorders) was implemented in Sydney in 2016/2017; this study evaluates that program. Participants included 13 adults who were assessed at baseline and six-mont...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aggar C, Thomas T, Gordon C, Bloomfield J, Baker J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Context-Specific Instrument to Record Drinking Behaviour: A Pilot Study on Implications of Identifying the Context of Risky Drinking.
Abstract A context-specific quantity-frequency (CSQF) questionnaire has been developed to accurately measure alcohol consumption using probing questions on drinking context. The study aimed to describe the drinking context associated with different drinking intensities in a community of southern Thailand using the CSQF. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among adults aged > 15 years in Songkhla Province, Thailand. Among 804 participants, there were 183 current drinkers with 412 drinking events (215 low-, 79 medium-, and 118 high-intensity). More than half of these events occurred in speci...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - May 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vichitkunakorn P, Conigrave KM, Geater AF, Assanangkornchai S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research