Participants' Assessment of the Impact of Behavioral Health Self-Direction on Recovery.
Abstract Self-direction involves managing a flexible budget, selecting and purchasing services and supports to meet individual needs and preferences. An emerging practice in the behavioral health field, self-direction is part of a systemic shift toward person-centered approaches to service provision. To understand the relationship between recovery and self-direction, the authors conducted a content analysis of 30 in-depth interviews with individuals from two self-direction programs in one state. A positive relationship between self-direction and recovery was established. Meeting basic needs for food, clothing, and...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 24, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Croft B, Parish S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Motivational Interviewing and the Transtheoretical Model of Change: Under-Explored Resources for Suicide Intervention.
Abstract Motivational interviewing (MI) is a robust evidence-based intervention that has been used to evoke intrinsic motivation to change behaviors. MI as an intervention focuses on facilitating movement through the stages of the transtheoretical model of change. A study by Coombs et al. (Substance abuse treatment and the stages of change: Selecting and planning interventions, Guilford Press, New York, 2001) demonstrated that suicidal individuals move through such stages toward suicidal behavior, yet research and applications of MI for suicide have been minimal. In hopes of generating increased exploration of MI ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hoy J, Natarajan A, Petra MM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Patient Factors Associated with Extended Length of Stay in the Psychiatric Inpatient Units of a Large Urban County Hospital.
Abstract This case-control study identified patient-specific factors associated with the longest psychiatric inpatient lengths of stay (LOS) at a large urban county hospital. Subjects with LOS ≥ 60 days comprised the extended LOS (ELOS) case cohort. An equally-sized control cohort consisted of a random sample of inpatients with LOS ≤ 30 days. Chi square tests and t tests were conducted to determine differences between groups. Factors associated with ELOS included older age, cognitive impairment, higher number of medical conditions requiring medication, and violence during hospit...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 16, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cheng JE, Shumway M, Leary M, Mangurian CV Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Erratum to: Impact of the Syrian Crisis on the Hospitalization of Syrians in a Psychiatric Setting.
PMID: 26873264 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Souaiby L, Kazour F, Zoghbi M, Richa S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Psychometric Properties of the Milestones of Recovery Scale-Older Adult Version.
This study assessed the reliability and validity of the MORS among a multi-ethnic (52 % White) sample of adults 54 and older (M = 67) at several mental health agencies in California. The clients, N = 432, were assessed by two raters each at two time points 2 weeks apart. Ratings were obtained on the MORS, the modified Global Assessment of Functioning scale (mGAF), and the Multnomah Community Ability Scale (MCAS). The MORS demonstrated acceptable reliability: inter-rater r = .65 and test-retest r = .71; the mGAF was .56 and .79; the MCAS was .66 and .85. The validity of the ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hess KL, Fisher DG, Pilon D, Reynolds GL, Ruiz J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Are Users Satisfied with Assertive Community Treatment in Spite of Personal Restrictions?
This study's positive result may reflect the ACT model's focus on user involvement, recovery and building relationships, and the fact that this service has a more holistic approach than previous services that users have experienced. PMID: 26868646 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 11, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lofthus AM, Westerlund H, Bjørgen D, Lindstrøm JC, Lauveng A, Clausen H, Ruud T, Heiervang KS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths as an Outcome Measure in Community Mental Health: Factor Analysis and a Validation of the Short Form.
Abstract The goal of the study was to create a short-form measure based on the child and adolescent needs and strengths assessment tool. The measure was designed to be short and easy to use, relevant to youth treated in community-based mental health settings, useful for both treatment planning and program evaluation, and psychometrically valid. Factor analyses of the chosen items revealed two mental health factors and four functioning factors. The mental health factors included internalization and externalization, and the functioning factors included family, social, caregiver, and educational functioning. In suppo...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 8, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alamdari G, Kelber MS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Peer Support and Outcome for Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in a Residential Rehabilitation Program.
Abstract This observational study aims to determine the characteristics of peer support that change attitudes toward recovery and PTSD symptom severity. The study respondents were a sample of 55 VA patients who were residents at a residential rehabilitation program for PTSD where they were the recipients of peer support. Veterans perceived greater support from other veterans (mean = 4.04 on 1-5 scale, SD = 0.78) than from any other source. Greater perceived support from the peer support provider, other veterans and mental health staff was associated with improvements from intake to discharge in...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - February 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jain S, McLean C, Adler EP, Rosen CS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Recommendations for Primary Care Provided by Psychiatrists.
Abstract Recent studies have shown that people with severe mental illness have a dramatically lower life expectancy than the general population. Psychiatrists have not traditionally been very attentive to or involved with physical health issues and there has been growing emphasis on integrated care for physical and mental health and access to primary care for all members of the population. This paper examines the role of psychiatrists in the provision of primary care to the patients they treat. Some recommendations are offered for their involvement in the provision of primary care at three levels of complexity: Le...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 23, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sowers W, Arbuckle M, Shoyinka S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Developing a Community-Based Participatory Research Approach to Understanding of the Repeat Use of Psychiatric Emergency Services.
We describe how a unique community-academic partnership came together to examine repeat use of PES through the design and conduct of a qualitative study using a CBPR approach. The goals of the project were to: (1) develop a model of research which promoted the inclusion of people who use mental health services in the research process; and (2) design and conduct a study to examine the repeat use of PES through the inclusion of the perspectives and experiences of people who use these services. PMID: 26800975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lincoln AK, Wallace L, Kaminski MS, Lindeman K, Aulier L, Delman J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
US Veterans' Court Programs: An Inventory and Analysis of National Survey Data.
This study used data from a phone survey inventory of US veterans' courts to provide descriptive information on the current status of their various elements. To identify which items were most predictive of a court's percentage of subjects terminated from their program, a linear regression was performed. The following were associated with higher rates of termination from the veterans' court (VC) program: (a) programs that offered phase progression based on measurable goals, (b) programs that conduct frequent drug and alcohol testing, and (c) programs for which sanctions are more severe for failing immediate goals (sobriety)...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Johnson RS, Stolar AG, McGuire JF, Clark S, Coonan LA, Hausknecht P, Graham DP Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mental Illness Discrimination in Mental Health Treatment Programs: Intersections of Race, Ethnicity, and Sexual Orientation.
Abstract People with mental illnesses (PWMI) who are of color and/or lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) experience mental health disparities, including within mental health treatment programs (MHTPs). Informed by a critical framework with attention to intersectionality and microaggressions, this qualitative study asked 20 PWMI and family members who also are of color and/or LGB whether they had experienced mental illness discrimination in MHTPs, a possible factor in disparities. We also asked participants about aspects of MHTPs that supported recovery. Participants reported that they were ignored/not listened to, not...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Holley LC, Tavassoli KY, Stromwall LK Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Spiritual Well-Being and Health-Related Quality of Life in Iranian Adolescent Girls.
This study aimed to determine the status of quality of life, spiritual well-being, and their relationship among Iranian adolescent girls. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 520 students using the cluster sampling method. The mean score of quality of life was 59.86 (SD: 12.7) from the possible range of 0-100. The mean score of spiritual well-being was 90.22 (SD: 16.25), ranging from 20 to 120. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed a significant relationship between quality of life and the factors including existential well-being, religious well-being, parents' belief for their children's participation in r...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 19, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mirghafourvand M, Charandabi SM, Sharajabad FA, Sanaati F Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Suicidal Individuals and Mental Health Treatment: A Novel Approach to Engagement.
Abstract To determine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, manualized problem-solving and comprehensive contact intervention (PS-CCI) aimed at improving treatment engagement of suicidal individuals. The PS-CCI was administered to 44 individuals with mood disorders presenting to the ER with suicidal ideation and/or behavior. The PS-CCI has two components: (1) a problem-solving interview administered upon admission to the emergency room (ER), and (2) follow-up contact post-discharge from the ER. The average age of participants was 33.45 years (SD = ±12.30). The PS-CCI was completed by ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 9, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alonzo D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mental Health and Associated Sexual Health Behaviours in a Sample of Young People Attending a Music Festival in Melbourne, Victoria.
Abstract Poor mental health has previously been associated with risky sexual health behaviours among young people internationally and in clinical samples, but little is known about this relationship in non-clinical settings. We conducted a cross-sectional survey with a convenience sample of 1345 Australians aged 15-29. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify sexual health behaviours independently associated with recent poor mental health including contraception use, STI testing, sexting and age at first sexual intercourse. Recent poor mental health was reported by 29.7 % of participants and ind...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carrotte ER, Vella AM, Hellard ME, Lim MS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Family Aided Community Treatment for the Treatment of Early Psychosis: A Proof of Concept Study.
This study examined the impact of a yearlong family aided community treatment (FACT) intervention upon psychiatric symptoms. Psychiatric symptom scores improved with the FACT intervention. Improved training on early recognition for mental health clinicians, implementation of a specific treatment model in community settings and policy around treatment funding allocation are implications of this study. PMID: 26738497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Melton RP, Dykeman C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Utilization of Professional Mental Health Services Related to Population-Level Screening for Anxiety, Depression, and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among Public High School Students.
This study examines results from three mental health screening measures in a cohort of adolescent public school students in seven public schools in Southeast Texas affiliated with the Dating it Safe study. We estimated the odds of receiving professional mental health treatment in the previous year given results from different mental health screening batteries: the CES-D 10 battery for depression screening, the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders, and the Primary Care Posttraumatic Stress Disorder screen. Overall, students with higher scores on screening instruments for depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Prochaska JD, Le VD, Baillargeon J, Temple JR Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Stigma in Male Depression and Suicide: A Canadian Sex Comparison Study.
Abstract Stigma in men's depression and suicide can restrict help-seeking, reduce treatment compliance and deter individuals from confiding in friends and family. In this article we report sex comparison findings from a national survey of English-speaking adult Canadians about stigmatized beliefs concerning male depression and suicide. Among respondents without direct experience of depression or suicide (n = 541) more than a third endorsed the view that men with depression are unpredictable. Overall, a greater proportion of males endorsed stigmatizing views about male depression compared to female respon...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 5, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Oliffe JL, Ogrodniczuk JS, Gordon SJ, Creighton G, Kelly MT, Black N, Mackenzie C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Prevalence and Predictors of Depression in Type 2 Diabetic Population of Punjab.
In conclusion, the present study revealed that higher prevalence of depression in diabetes was evident in population of Punjab, especially in women and majority of these patients remain undiagnosed for depression. PMID: 26724818 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 2, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Khullar S, Dhillon H, Kaur G, Sharma R, Mehta K, Aggarwal R, Singh M, Singh P Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mental Health Outreach to Persons Who are Homeless: Implications for Practice from a Statewide Study.
Abstract In order to help states establish best practice standards for mental health outreach and engagement teams for persons who are homeless, this study aimed to identify key functional elements needed to effectively address the multiple needs of these persons. A statewide survey across six representative outreach programs was initiated in Connecticut. Focus groups with staff and clients, interviews with program administrators, shadowing of outreach workers on their rounds, and review of relevant written materials were conducted. Four main functional themes regarding optimal outreach work-constructive outreach ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rowe M, Styron T, David DH Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Associations Between Gender and Obesity Among Adults with Mental Illnesses in a Community Health Screening Study.
Abstract The prevalence of obesity and its associations with gender, clinical factors, and medical co-morbidities were examined among 457 adults attending public mental health programs in 4 U.S. states. BMI was measured directly and other information was gathered by interview. Over half (59 %, n = 270) were obese including 18 % (n = 83) who were morbidly obese. In hierarchical ordinary least squares regression analysis controlling for demographic, psychiatric, medical, smoking, and health insurance statuses, women were significantly more likely to be obese than men. Obesity also was m...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonikas JA, Cook JA, Razzano LA, Steigman PJ, Hamilton MM, Swarbrick MA, Santos A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Improving Quality of Emergency Care Through Integration of Mental Health.
Abstract The goal of this study was to better integrate emergency medical and psychiatric care at a large urban public hospital, identify impact on quality improvement metrics, and reduce healthcare cost. A psychiatric fast track service was implemented as a quality improvement initiative. Data on disposition from the emergency department from January 2011 to May 2012 for patients impacted by the pilot were analyzed. 4329 patients from January 2011 to August 2011 (pre-intervention) were compared with 4867 patients from September 2011 to May 2012 (intervention). There was a trend of decline on overall quality metri...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Okafor M, Wrenn G, Ede V, Wilson N, Custer W, Risby E, Claeys M, Shelp FE, Atallah H, Mattox G, Satcher D Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
How Can Community Religious Groups Aid Recovery for Individuals with Psychotic Illnesses?
Abstract Ministries of churches, temples, mosques, and synagogues are a potential resource for individuals with chronic psychoses. Church attendance is highest in states with the least mental health funding, suggesting a role for community religious groups to aid over-extended mental health systems. The American Psychiatric Association has initiated new efforts to foster partnerships between psychiatrists and religious groups. Such partnerships should be informed by research evidence: (1) religious coping can have both beneficial and adverse effects upon psychosis illness severity; (2) psychosocial programs for pe...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Griffith JL, Myers N, Compton MT Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Pilot Implementation of a Wellness and Tobacco Cessation Curriculum in North Carolina Group Homes.
Abstract Despite a steady decline in smoking rates in recent decades, individuals with mental illness continue to smoke at disproportionately higher rates than the general population. Adults with mental illness are motivated to quit and quit with rates similar to the general population when evidence-based cessation interventions are used. To build an evidence base for a wellness and cessation curriculum aimed at individuals with mental illness, the Breathe Easy Live Well (BELW) program was pilot tested in two group homes in North Carolina in the spring of 2014. Evaluators conducted pre- and post-implementation sit...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Baker HM, Ranney LM, Goldstein AO Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Child Mental Health Services and Psychotherapy Attitudes Among Asian Indian Parents: An Exploratory Study.
Abstract This exploratory study examined how parents' past personal use of psychotherapy related to perceived stigma and attitudes on intentions to use child mental health services among Asian Indian parents living in the United States. Participants were 89 Asian Indian parents recruited from 2009 to 2010 through a convenience sample. Descriptive analyses showed that Asian Indian parents reported similar attitudes as their American counterparts, but more stigma than European American and Latino parents. Using t-tests, results indicated that Asian Indian parents who previously used psychotherapy reported more posit...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Turner EA, Mohan S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Ameliorating Psychosocial Risk Among Mothers with Intellectual Impairment.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to pilot a flexible, group-based program designed to strengthen the social connections and enhance the psychological well-being of mothers with intellectual impairment. A multi-site, mixed-method, pretest-posttest design was employed. To obtain rich process and outcome data, the evaluation incorporated measures of psychosocial well-being, goal achievement scaling, and interviews with group facilitators and participants. A total of 18 mothers completed the program. Participation was associated with a meaningful reduction in psychological distress with effect sizes ranging from...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: McConnell D, Feldman M, Aunos M, Pacheco L, Savage A, Hahn L, Dube C, Chenier S, Park E Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Predictors of Depression Symptoms Among Low-Income Women Exposed to Perinatal Intimate Partner Violence (IPV).
Abstract Women experiencing perinatal intimate partner violence (IPV) may be at increased risk for depression. Baseline data was analyzed from 239 low-income pregnant women participating in an intervention study designed to reduce exposure to IPV. Depression risk was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and IPV factors were measured with the Conflict Tactics Scale-Revised (CTS-2). Stepwise regression was conducted to identify predictors of risk for depression. Race (p = 0.028), psychological IPV (p = 0.035) and sexual IPV (p = 0.031) were strongly associated ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 17, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kastello JC, Jacobsen KH, Gaffney KF, Kodadek MP, Sharps PW, Bullock LC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Stigma Related Avoidance in People Living with Severe Mental Illness (SMI): Findings of an Integrative Review.
Abstract The purpose of this integrative review is to synthesize primary evidence of the impact of internalized stigma on avoidance in adult community treatment patients living with SMI. A keyword database search of articles published through 2015 yielded 21 papers and a total of 4256 patients. Our analyses found that stigmatizing beliefs associated with avoidance are related to significant loss of self-esteem. Factors generally thought to reduce stigma internalized as self-stigmatizing beliefs, such as improved insight, increased self-awareness, and psycho-education to improve stigma coping skills, do not appear ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Abiri S, Oakley LD, Hitchcock ME, Hall A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Mental Health Care Utilization: How Race, Ethnicity and Veteran Status are Associated with Seeking Help.
This study utilized the CDC's Texas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, a random-digit dialed telephone survey of non-institutionalized adults. A subset of Texas respondents (n = 8563) were asked questions related to mental health treatment, stigma, help-seeking attitudes and emotional support. While no differences were found in health care utilization between non-Hispanic white veterans and non-veterans, there were distinct patterns among racial/ethnic minority veterans and non-veterans. Black and Latino non-veterans reported significantly lower health care utilization compared to non-Hispanic white...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: De Luca SM, Blosnich JR, Hentschel EA, King E, Amen S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
A Mixed-Methods Study of the Recovery Concept, "A Meaningful Day," in Community Mental Health Services for Individuals with Serious Mental Illnesses.
A Mixed-Methods Study of the Recovery Concept, "A Meaningful Day," in Community Mental Health Services for Individuals with Serious Mental Illnesses. Community Ment Health J. 2015 Dec 9; Authors: Myers NA, Smith K, Pope A, Alolayan Y, Broussard B, Haynes N, Compton MT Abstract The recovery concept encompasses overcoming or managing one's illness, being physically and emotionally healthy, and finding meaningful purpose through work, school, or volunteering, which connects one to others in mutually fulfilling ways. Using a mixed-methods approach, we studied the emphasis on "a meaningful d...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Myers NA, Smith K, Pope A, Alolayan Y, Broussard B, Haynes N, Compton MT Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Development of a Measure of Housing and Housing Services.
Abstract The Housing Program Measure (HPM) was designed to document critical elements of a range of housing program types and associated services. Qualitative methods, including literature review and open-ended interviews, were used to determine pertinent HPM domains and to develop the pool of items. The measure was pre-tested, and reliability and validity analyses were applied to revise and strengthen the measure. The resulting measure furthers homelessness research by providing a tool that can be used to define housing and housing services interventions across diverse projects and disciplines, to facilitate prog...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - December 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Clark C, Scott Young M, Teague G, Rynearson-Moody S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Peer Support Providers' Role Experiences on Interprofessional Mental Health Care Teams: A Qualitative Study.
This study explores how peer support providers' roles are defined and integrated in inter-professional mental health care teams, and how these providers relate to other practitioners and clients. Interviews were conducted with peer support providers in two different formal models of peer support employment. Qualitative data analysis was undertaken. The findings indicate that: peer support providers experience ambiguity and that some ambiguity may offer benefits; peer support providers enhance team acceptance of their role through several means and strategies; setting boundaries with clients is a delicate issue that require...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Asad S, Chreim S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Effects of Community Mental Health Service in Subjects with Early Psychosis: One-Year Prospective Follow Up.
Abstract The use of a multidisciplinary team approach is essential for increasing the likelihood of recovery among individuals with early psychosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of community-based mental health services on the symptoms and socio-occupational functioning of subjects with early psychosis. The study included participants who were referred to our Mental Health Promotion Center and who agreed to participate in diverse individual and group programs. During the 1-year follow-up, the medication adherence rate remained high, the recovery rate substantially increased, and the ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Na EJ, Kang NI, Kim MY, Cui Y, Choi HE, Jung AJ, Chung YC Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Disease Burden Among Individuals with Severe Mental Illness in a Community Setting.
This study examines the prevalence of comorbid physical health conditions within a community sample of individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), compares them to a matched national sample without SMI, and identifies which comorbidities create the greatest disease burden for those with SMI. Self-reported health status, co-morbid medical conditions and perceived disease burden were collected from 203 adults with SMI. Prevalence of chronic health conditions was compared to a propensity-matched sample without SMI from the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (NCS-R). Compared to NCS-R sample without SMI, our sample with...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 26, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Baughman KR, Bonfine N, Dugan SE, Adams R, Gallagher M, Olds RS, Piatt E, Ritter C Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Experience of Peer Mentors in an Intervention to Promote Smoking Cessation in Persons with Psychiatric Illness.
This study explored the experiences of peer mentors, all former smokers and persons with psychiatric illness, who provided smoking cessation counseling as part of a 6 month professionally-led intervention. Data was obtained from 383 contact log entries and in-depth interviews with eight peer mentors. Qualitative analysis indicated that mentor roles were unexpectedly varied beyond the focus on smoking cessation. Of the two aspects of "peer-ness," shared smoking history was more prominent, while the shared experience of psychiatric illness was sometimes overlooked. Peer mentors experienced multiple challenges ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 24, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dickerson F, Savage CL, Schweinfurth LA, Goldberg RW, Bennett M, Dixon L, Daumit G, Chinman M, Lucksted A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Imprisoned Husbands: Palestinian Wives and Experiences of Difficulties.
This study aimed to investigate difficulties experienced by the wives of Palestinian men arrested and held in Israeli prisons. 16 captives' wives were interviewed using a semi-structured interview to provide them with a greater opportunity to speak about their experiences. Three main research questions were discussed; community difficulties, social support, and coping strategies. A thematic analysis was used throughout the interviews. We concluded that in addition to the stress of being separated from their husbands, the frustrating visitation process to prison and the ongoing political conflict, the wives expressed a frus...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 24, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shehadeh A, Dawani S, Saed M, Derluyn I, Loots G Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Development of a Multidimensional Functional Health Scale for Older Adults in China.
This study reports the development of a culturally appropriate brief scale (the Multidimensional Functional Health Scale for Chinese Elderly, MFHSCE) to assess the functional health of Chinese elderly. Through systematic literature review, Delphi method, cultural adaptation, synthetic statistical item selection, Cronbach's alpha and confirmatory factor analysis, we conducted development of item pool, two rounds of item selection, and psychometric evaluation. Synthetic statistical item selection and psychometric evaluation was processed among 539 and 2032 older adults, separately. The MFHSCE consists of 30 items, covering a...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - November 4, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mao F, Han Y, Chen J, Chen W, Yuan M, Alicia Hong Y, Fang Y Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Capitalizing on Community Resources to Build Specialized Behavioral Health Services Together with Persons who are Deaf, Deafblind or Hard of Hearing.
We describe the development and implementation of a task force comprised of "front line" providers, administrators, county government officials, advocates and consumers that has made strides toward effective change in a local behavioral health care system. Methods employed, successes, barriers and other reflections on the task force's efforts also are described. PMID: 26507549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 27, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mathos KK, Pollard RQ Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Needs Assessment of Hurricane Katrina Evacuees Residing Temporarily in Dallas.
This study assessed the psychosocial needs of Hurricane Katrina evacuees temporarily residing in Dallas, TX, after sheltering but prior to their permanent resettlement. Common trauma exposures were physical exposure to flood water, seeing corpses, witnessing death, and loss of family, friends, or home. Fewer than 10 % met symptom criteria for disaster-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). More than one-fourth met major depressive disorder (MDD) symptom criteria post-disaster but only 15 % had a new (incident) MDD episode after the disaster. Specific trauma exposures and some hurricane-related stressors co...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 27, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: King RV, Polatin PB, Hogan D, Downs DL, North CS Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Problem-Solving Coping and Social Support as Mediators of Academic Stress and Suicidal Ideation Among Malaysian and Indian Adolescents.
This study examined whether productive coping styles and social support were significant mediators of the relationship between academic stress and suicidal ideation. The survey was performed on a sample of 300 Malaysian and 300 Indian college students. The participants completed psychological assessments of productive coping styles, social support, academic stress, and suicidal ideation. Significant cultural and demographic differences emerged. Indian students reported higher suicidal ideation and academic stress than did Malaysian students, and Malaysian students received more social support and had better problem-solving...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Khan A, Hamdan AR, Ahmad R, Mustaffa MS, Mahalle S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Unmet Needs of Adults in Community Mental Health Care With and Without Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Abstract The cross-sectional study compared the clinical and need profiles for clients with and without intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in seven mental health case management programs in Toronto, Canada on March 31, 2013. Unmet needs in domains within four broad clusters were measured by staff using an internationally utilized tool, the Camberwell Assessment of Need. Among the 2560 clients, 8.3 % had a co-occurring IDD. For most assessed domains rates of unmet need were not different for persons with and without IDD. However, the IDD group had greater unmet needs for adaptive functioning/ski...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 19, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Durbin A, Sirotich F, Lunsky Y, Durbin J Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Community Resilience of Civilians at War: A New Perspective.
Abstract A new concept of community resilience pertaining to the community's post adversity strength to vulnerability ratio was associated with five determinants: individual resilience, national resilience, well-being, community size, and sense of coherence. The data was collected four months after Israel's war in the Gaza Strip in 2014. Participants were 251 adult civilians living in southern Israel who have recently been threatened by massive missile attacks, and 259 adults living in northern Israel, which has not been under missile fire recently. The investigated variables predicted community resilience, and th...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 19, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eshel Y, Kimhi S Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
The Effects and Stigma of Mental Illness in Turkey.
This study was planned to determine internalized stigma of patients who were monitored in the psychiatry clinics due to mental problems. It was determined that there was significant difference between the patients' mean internalized stigma total scores between subscale scores and their gender, job, the place that the patient was raised in, educational status, working status, income level, the period spent after the diagnosis, hospitalization status, the hospital monitoring the patient and the diagnosis. It is suggested that counseling services should be planned in order to identify negative impact of the factors that influ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 19, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sarıkoç G, Öz F Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Integrating Scale Data and Patient Perspectives for Assessing Functionality in Schizophrenia.
rra A Abstract There is a growing body of literature devoted to evaluating functionality when planning the psychosocial rehabilitation of patients with schizophrenia. Until recently, psychological scales have been the predominant source of information, whereas patients' perceptions about the most disruptive limitations on their daily life were not considered. The aim of this paper is to illustrate how the integration of the perspectives of patients and patients' relatives improves the evaluation of functionality. A QUAN + QUAL design was implemented collecting quantitative data from Family APGAR and BELS...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 15, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benítez I, Pino O, Padilla JL, Cuevas-Parra A Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Acknowledgement and Appreciation.
Authors: PMID: 26464199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 13, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
CMHJ Editorial Comments for November 2015 Issue.
PMID: 26454856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Community Mental Health Journal)
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Feldman JM Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Perceived Social Support and Mental Health Problems Among Pakistani University Students.
This study examined the cultural orientation regarding perceived social support and psychological problems among 912 undergraduate students (age 19-26) studying at COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore, Pakistan. The present study supported variance in cultural values regarding the relative prominence of sources of support in collectivist culture indicating that low levels of family support were related to various psychological problems. Further, low levels of peer support were related to depression, anxiety, and interpersonal sensitivity. While familial support played a bigger role than peer support in affec...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jibeen T Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Health Literacy Among People with Serious Mental Illness.
Abstract People diagnosed with a mental illness are at higher risk of developing preventable chronic diseases; thus, health literacy improvements may have great potential to impact health outcomes for this typically underserved population. However, there is a dearth of research on health literacy of persons with severe mental illness. The purpose of this research was to investigate aspects of health literacy and identify factors associated with low literacy among adults with severe mental illness using three literacy assessment tools. Seventy-one adults with serious mental illness were assessed and a high proporti...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Clausen W, Watanabe-Galloway S, Bill Baerentzen M, Britigan DH Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Implementation and Outcomes of Forensic Housing First Programs.
Abstract This mixed-method study used administrative data from 68 supportive housing programs and evaluative and qualitative site visit data from a subset of four forensic programs to (a) compare fidelity to the Housing First model and residential client outcomes between forensic and nonforensic programs and (b) investigate whether and how providers working in forensic programs can navigate competing Housing First principles and criminal justice mandates. Quantitative findings suggested that forensic programs were less likely to follow a harm reduction approach to substance use and clients in those programs were m...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kriegel LS, Henwood BF, Gilmer TP Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Money and Mental Illness: A Study of the Relationship Between Poverty and Serious Psychological Problems.
Abstract Several studies have indicated a co-occurrence between mental problems, a bad economy, and social isolation. Medical treatments focus on reducing the extent of psychiatric problems. Recent research, however, has highlighted the possible effects of social initiatives. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between severe mental illness, economic status, and social relations. METHOD: a financial contribution per month was granted to 100 individuals with severe mental illnesses for a 9-month period. Assessments of the subjects were made before the start of the intervention and after 7 mo...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - October 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ljungqvist I, Topor A, Forssell H, Svensson I, Davidson L Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research