The meanings of loneliness for older persons.
CONCLUSION: New approaches are needed to counter and prevent loneliness among older persons by addressing the types of particular desires raised in our findings, as well as the psychological barriers to realizing them. Public policy and societal initiatives should tackle external barriers through programming which promotes social engagement and the development of other innovative strategies. PMID: 30773894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 17, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cohen-Mansfield J, Eisner R Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Rural and urban older adults' perceptions of mental health services accessibility.
CONCLUSION: Older adults may have difficulty in recognizing anxiety and milder levels of mental health concerns. This may be further complicated by a high value of self-sufficiency. These barriers need to be considered by all professionals working with older adults, in particular GP's who were identified as expert health advisors. PMID: 30761911 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Knight BG, Winterbotham S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

An integrative group movement program for people with dementia and care partners together (Paired PLI É): initial process evaluation.
CONCLUSION: These qualitative results show that people with dementia and their care partners can participate in and benefit from community-based programs like Paired PLIÉ that include both partners, and focus on building skills to maintain function and quality of life. PMID: 30744387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Casey JJ, Harrison KL, Ventura MI, Mehling W, Barnes DE Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Direct and indirect predictors of burden among Bedouin caregivers of family members with terminal cancer in Israel.
CONCLUSION: Social support and depression are the most important factors among all studied measures. Culturally-tailored intervention programs are required to foster community care and mitigate burden for Bedouin and other ethnic minority groups in Israel. PMID: 30744391 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bachner YG, Morad M, Sroussi C, O'Rourke N Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia and depression: qualitative reflections from older adults who participated in a randomised controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: The experiences and suggestions identified in this study strengthen the foundation to advance therapeutic program development for older adults with comorbid insomnia and depression. Future CBT-I programs for older adults may be improved by increasing the length of therapy (e.g. 8 sessions to 12 sessions), adding multi-dimensional learning opportunities (e.g. visual/audio/mentorship), and offering various modes of treatment delivery (e.g. group, individual, internet, telephone). PMID: 30744396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sadler P, McLaren S, Klein B, Jenkins M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Time frame, problem specificity, and framing: the implicit structures of questions about memory in older adults.
CONCLUSION: The three identified dimensions suggest that the commonly used self-reported memory items assess substantively different aspects of the same broad concept. To avoid inconsistencies in assessing self-reported memory problems in older adults, we recommend researchers specify the aspects of memory problems that they are interested in and link their items to those aspects. In addition, they should develop items that are a good match to their research question rather than simply selecting items that are commonly used or appear to have high face validity. PMID: 30744414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Sourc...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mogle J, Hill N, Bhang I, Bhargava S, Whitaker E, Kitt-Lewis E Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

"I'm more aware now": perspectives from people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), supporters and counsellors about the MAXCOG cognitive rehabilitation intervention.
CONCLUSION: The analysis provided a new perspective on the experiences of participants, supporters, and counsellors with the MAXCOG intervention, including identification of psychological changes that were not apparent from the quantitative analyses. PMID: 30739472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Regan B, Wells Y, O'Halloran P Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Ghosts from the past? The association between childhood interpersonal trauma, attachment and anxiety and depression in late life.
CONCLUSION: Childhood trauma may be associated with anxiety and depression in late life. Part of this association is probably indirect, via the effect of insecure attachment and high levels of attachment anxiety in particular. PMID: 30739477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Van Assche L, Van de Ven L, Vandenbulcke M, Luyten P Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

In search for the "humane": staffs' perspectives on everyday activities in a nursing home.
DISCUSSION: For the staff, acting in a clandestine manner seems to create ways of enabling "humane" practices towards nursing home residents. The "clandestine manners" seem to be grounded in an effort on the part of the staff to make sense of the everyday activities for the nursing home residents. These "clandestine manners" could be seen as responses to institutional routines and a lack of common ground on the understanding of everyday activities in the context of nursing homes. PMID: 30739478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mondaca M, Johansson K, Josephsson S, Rosenberg L Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Identification of non-professional caregivers with high resilience using sociodemographic, care, and personal and social development variables.
CONCLUSION: The results offer guidelines for developing programs to promote high resilience. PMID: 30739485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Blanco V, Vázquez FL, Guisande MA, Sánchez MT, Otero P Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Physical and mental health correlates of perceived financial exploitation in older adults: Preliminary findings from the finance, Cognition, and health in elders study (FINCHES).
CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary findings from the pilot phase of FINCHES highlight negative mental health factors associated with perceived FE among cognitively-intact older adults. PMID: 30739493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Weissberger GH, Mosqueda L, Nguyen AL, Samek A, Boyle PA, Nguyen CP, Han SD Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Widowhood and depression: a longitudinal study of older persons in rural China.
Abstract Using six waves of longitudinal data (2001-2015) collected in Anhui, China (N = 2,131) and generalized estimating equations (GEE) models, this study fulfilled several objectives. First, the study compared the widowed to the married to examine if the transition to and duration of widowhood contributes to changes in depression. Second, the study examined if the bereavement-depression relationship is a process that precedes widowhood or is an abrupt change following the death of a spouse. Third, the study examined if social resources influence the bereavement-depression relationship. The study ...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Xu J, Wu Z, Schimmele CM, Li S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of the impact of social network size and loneliness on cognitive performance in depressed older adults.
CONCLUSION: Social network size and loneliness do not predict cognitive decline in depressed older adults. PMID: 30729792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kuiper JS, Smidt N, Zuidema SU, Comijs HC, Oude Voshaar RC, Zuidersma M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Age is not just a number: age awareness, subjective nearness-to-death, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms among older adults.
CONCLUSION: Age awareness is an important concept in old age, and is connected with increased depressive symptoms. We discuss this issue in line with Terror Management Theory, and emphasize the relevance of personal resources, such as feeling far from death and holding a positive view of oneself, in this regard. PMID: 30729800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bergman YS, Bodner E Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Consumption of fruits and vegetables: improved physical health, mental health, physical functioning and cognitive health in older adults from 11 European countries.
CONCLUSIONS: Frequent consumption of fruits and vegetables contributes to slower disablement processes and might be an easily implementable way to improve the overall health of older adults. Future studies should examine the cross-national differences in the observed effects. PMID: 30729805 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Gehlich KH, Beller J, Lange-Asschenfeldt B, Köcher W, Meinke MC, Lademann J Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Goal-Oriented Attention Self-Regulation (GOALS) training in older adults.
CONCLUSION: Participation in GOALS training can enhance executive control, and lead to real-world functional improvements, for cognitively normal older adults with self-reported attention difficulties. PMID: 30724574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 6, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Turner GR, Novakovic-Agopian T, Kornblith E, Adnan A, Madore M, Chen AJW, D'Esposito M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Assessing the relationship between multimorbidity and depression in older men and women: the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS).
CONCLUSION: Multimorbidity does not appear to increase the risk of developing depression in older adults between 65-74. Higher rates of depression in Latin America and Albania (compared to Canada) may be attributed to lifecourse exposures to social and economic adversity in these regions. PMID: 30724575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 6, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Turuba R, Pirkle C, Bélanger E, Ylli A, Gomez Montes F, Vafaei A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The relationship between quality of life in a nursing home and personal, organizational, activity-related factors and social satisfaction: a cross-sectional study with multiple linear regression analyses.
This study aimed to investigate quality of life in nursing home residents and the relationship with personal, organizational, activity-related factors and social satisfaction. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey study in 73 nursing homes in Flanders, Belgium, 171 cognitively healthy residents were randomly recruited (mean age 85.40 years [±5.88]; 27% men, 73% women). Quality of life, as the dependent/response variable, was measured using anamnestic comparative self-assessment (range -5 to +5). Multiple linear regression (forward stepwise selection) was used (1) to investigate which factors were signific...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 6, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Maenhout A, Cornelis E, Van de Velde D, Desmet V, Gorus E, Van Malderen L, Vanbosseghem R, De Vriendt P Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Nursing homes underreport antipsychotic prescribing.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Determine the accuracy of nursing home self-reported antipsychotic prescribing before and after implementation of a Medicare campaign to reduce use. METHODS: Quasi-experimental study comparing trends in self-reported antipsychotic prescribing relative to claims-based prescribing. Setting is a nationwide sample of 11,912 facilities, 2011-2013. Participants are long-stay nursing home residents (n = 586,281) with prescribing data in Medicare Minimum Data Set 3.0 and Medicare Part D claims database. Verified with a pharmacy dispensing database. Main outcomes are the discrepancies...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 6, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Briesacher BA, Mui B, Devlin JW, Koethe B Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Childhood adversity and depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older Chinese: results from China health and retirement longitudinal study.
CONCLUSION: CA exerts long-term detrimental effects on mental health in mid- and late-life among Chinese adults. The findings are consistent with those from Western societies, except for early parental death. PMID: 30700138 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yang L, Hu Y, Silventoinen K, Martikainen P Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Social support networks in Chinese older adults: health outcomes and health related behaviors: a path analysis.
CONCLUSION: The findings demonstrate that types of social networks for elders are significantly correlated to health-related behaviors and health outcomes. Detail and understanding of the correlations are useful to inform healthcare practice and policy and to assist the development of appropriate interpersonal interventions. PMID: 30691291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 29, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Xiao Q, Wu M, Zeng T Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Self-compassion in old age: confirmatory factor analysis of the 6-factor model and the internal consistency of the Self-compassion scale-short form.
CONCLUSION: Overall, the SCS-SF seemed to have insufficient reliability in this sample of older adults and further studies are needed to see whether new instruments are needed for this population. Self-compassion was generally higher in men than women, but did not differ by age in this sample of older adults. PMID: 30691293 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 29, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bratt A, Fagerström C Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Vestibular impairment, cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease: balancing the evidence.
Abstract The vestibular (inner ear balance) system senses head movement and orientation in space. Vestibular sensory input plays a critical role in spatial cognitive abilities such as spatial memory and spatial navigation. Vestibular function declines with age, and recent studies have shown that age-related vestibular impairment is associated with poorer spatial cognitive skills in healthy older adults. Moreover, vestibular impairment is disproportionately prevalent among individuals with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease, and specifically in cognitively-impaired individuals who have spatial defici...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 29, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Agrawal Y, Smith PF, Rosenberg PB Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Characteristics and unmet care needs of unbefriended residents in long-term care: a qualitative interview study.
CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate alarming issues in quality of life and quality of care for unbefriended residents. Unbefriended residents had limited social support and difficulty accessing even basic personal items. We discuss implications for policy and practice. PMID: 30676088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 24, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Chamberlain SA, Duggleby W, Teaster P, Estabrooks C Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The association of a novel cognitive frailty index and physical functioning in older at-risk adults.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Cognitive frailty is a state at the lower end of the continuum of cognitive resilience in which one is at elevated risk for cognitive impairment and dementia. Metrics of a newly developed Cognitive Frailty Index (CFI) were examined for their association with objective functional limitations. METHODS: We used baseline data from 607 participants from the Baltimore Experience Corps Trial with measures on the CFI, a computerized Stroop test, and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) score ≤9. Multivariable log-binomial regression models were used to evaluate the associations of CFI met...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 22, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Armstrong NM, Andrews R, Gross AL, Varma VR, Xue QL, Carlson MC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Interventions to enhance access to and utilization of formal community care services for home dwelling persons with dementia and their informal carers. A scoping review.
CONCLUSION: The included studies varied widely regarding design, type of intervention and outcomes. Based on this, the evidence base for interventions to enhance access to and use of formal community services is judged to be limited. The most studied type of intervention was case management. More research is recommended in this field. PMID: 30663890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Røsvik J, Michelet M, Engedal K, Bieber A, Broda A, Gonçalves-Pereira M, Hopper L, Irving K, Jelley H, Kerpershoek L, Meyer G, Marques MJ, Portolani E, Sjölund BM, Sköldunger A, Stephan A, Verhey F, de Vugt M, Woods B, Wolfs C, Zanetti O, Selbaek G Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Latent structure of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in older adult populations: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: A general alignment with the original four-factor structure of the CES-D provides tentative support for continued use amongst older adults; however, further research is required to provide conclusive evidence for these psychometric properties. PMID: 30661386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 19, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cosco TD, Lachance CC, Blodgett JM, Stubbs B, Co M, Veronese N, Wu YT, Prina AM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The multidimensional nature of social support and engagement in contributing to adjustment following spousal loss.
CONCLUSION: Instrumental support received was the most beneficial facet of social support and engagement. The discussion focuses on how these findings fit into the larger literature of the ways through which social support and engagement lead to adjustment following adversity. PMID: 30648451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sullivan C, Infurna FJ Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Intergenerational financial exchange and cognitive impairment among older adults in China.
This study investigated the relationship between intergenerational financial exchange patterns and cognitive impairment among older Chinese adults. The study also explored potential pathways linking financial exchanges to cognitive health. METHOD: Data were taken from the 2005 and 2008 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Three patterns of financial exchange (i.e., low receiving, high receiving, and reciprocity) based on a latent profile analysis were examined as predictors. Logistic regression models were employed to analyze variation in the Chinese version of the mini-mental status exam, taking into consid...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 11, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Xu P, Burr JA, Kim K, Cong Z Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The long-term effects of early-life trauma on psychological, physical and physiological health among the elderly: the study of Holocaust survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: The study emphasized the duality of the association between post-traumatic stress symptoms and post-traumatic growth and their integrated effect on heart rate variability. PMID: 30621428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Greenblatt Kimron L, Marai I, Lorber A, Cohen M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Everyday solitude, affective experiences, and well-being in old age: the role of culture versus immigration.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings speak to the unique effects of culture and immigration on the affective correlates of solitude and their associations with well-being in old age. PMID: 30621431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jiang D, Fung HH, Lay JC, Ashe MC, Graf P, Hoppmann CA Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Psychological well-being of Chinese Immigrant adult-child caregivers: how do filial expectation, self-rated filial performance, and filial discrepancy matter?
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that filial expectation, self-rated filial performance, and filial discrepancy are important in shaping Chinese adult-child caregivers' psychological well-being. Researchers and practitioners should incorporate these aspects of filial piety in future research and intervention development for this population. PMID: 30621432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Liu J, Wu B, Dong X Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Measuring familism in dementia family caregivers: the revised familism scale.
CONCLUSION: The RFS seems to be a reliable measure of familism, a multidimensional construct measuring a relevant cultural value for dementia family caregivers. PMID: 30621433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Losada A, Márquez-González M, Vara-García C, Barrera-Caballero S, Cabrera I, Gallego-Alberto L, Olmos R, Romero-Moreno R Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Exploring the association between subjective cognitive decline and frailty: the Hellenic Longitudinal Investigation of Aging and Diet Study (HELIAD).
CONCLUSION: We found that SCD complaints may be a valid indicator of frailty in cognitively unimpaired older people. We believe that SCD may provide a crucial proactive assessment to detect frailty and to implement programs that will help maintain good health and quality of life during aging. PMID: 30621435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Margioti E, Kosmidis MH, Yannakoulia M, Dardiotis E, Hadjigeorgiou G, Sakka P, Ntanasi E, Vlachos GS, Scarmeas N Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

'For me at 90, it's going to be difficult': feasibility of using iPad video-conferencing with older adults in long-term aged care.
CONCLUSION: Without adequate staff assistance, video-conferencing via iPads may be challenging for an older population in LTC. Alternatives such as telepresence robots may assist with these challenges. PMID: 30621436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Moyle W, Jones C, Murfield J, Liu F Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms among adult children caregivers in China: moderating effects of working status and gender.
CONCLUSION: The relationship between caregiving time and depressive symptoms was moderated by working status and gender. Future research is needed to explore factors that influence changes in caregivers' health and well-being over time. PMID: 30621438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Liu Y, Fu R, Roberto KA, Savla J Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Gendered work-family trajectories and depression at older age.
CONCLUSION: Our findings show gender differences in terms of work-family trajectories and their health-related consequences. In particular, findings suggest that mothers who return to full-time work are a vulnerable group for depression at older age and should be the focus of further research attention. PMID: 30621439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Engels M, Weyers S, Moebus S, Jöckel KH, Erbel R, Pesch B, Behrens T, Dragano N, Wahrendorf M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Factors influencing self-management of depression in older adults: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: This study offers a better understanding of the factors that positively or negatively influence older adults' ability to self-manage their depression. Strategies to improve self-management should address misconceptions about age and depression, and older adults' interest in and capacity to embrace self-management practices. PMID: 30621440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Polacsek M, Boardman GH, McCann TV Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Predictors of loneliness incidence in Chinese older adults from a life course perspective: a national longitudinal study.
CONCLUSION: This study offers insights into disentangling the complexity of factors associated with loneliness incidence in Chinese older adults from a life course perspective and from a gendered perspective. PMID: 30621448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yang F, Gu D Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Fear of falling in sensory impaired nursing home residents.
CONCLUSION: When addressing FOF in NH residents it is important to address sensory status along with fears about falling to promote function. PMID: 30621452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lach HW, Lozano AJ, Hanlon AL, Cacchione PZ Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Body mass index and trajectories of cognitive decline among older Korean adults.
This study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and trajectories of cognitive decline among older Korean adults. METHODS: Participants were a nationally representative sample of 5126 Korean adults aged 60 or older from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA: 2006-2014). The main outcome variable, cognitive function, was measured with the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE). According to the BMI values, respondents were divided into four groups at each wave: underweight (
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 8, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kim G, Choi S, Lyu J Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The mediating role of hardiness in the relationship between perceived loneliness and depressive symptoms among older.
This study examined the role of hardiness in the relationship between perceived loneliness and depressive symptoms among older people in Hong Kong. METHODS: 424 Cantonese-speaking Chinese participants, aged 60 years or above, completed a self-reported questionnaire set related to perceived loneliness, hardiness, and depressive symptoms. Structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed model. RESULTS: Results revealed that hardiness partially mediated the positive association between perceived loneliness and depressive symptoms [β = .18, p
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 4, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ng SM, Lee TMC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Regional and racial/ethnic variations in alcohol consumption among older adults.
CONCLUSION: Findings provide additional insight into how and where alcohol is being used among older adults in the United States. Further, findings highlight the importance of taking race/ethnicity and geography into consideration when investigating the health behaviors of older adults. PMID: 30600687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bryant AN, Kim G Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

WHO's global action plan on the public health response to dementia: some challenges and opportunities.
Abstract WHO's global action plan on the public health response to dementia (GAPD) approved by the World Health Assembly in May 2017 when fully implemented should make a tangible difference to the lives of people affected by dementia since it identifies seven priority actions areas, sets out parallel targets for countries to achieve and provides governments with the required framework to develop their own national dementia plans. The Plan reflects global solidarity on the world dementia stage: it is heavily embedded in rights-based principles and augurs much hope for people living with dementia and their family me...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cahill S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Military-related experiences and late-life depressive symptomatology among Japanese-American world war II veterans.
CONCLUSION: Results suggest that military service does not affect late-life depressive symptomatology. However, combat exposure may play a marginal role in increased symptoms. Reasons for results include the possibility that other factors are more relevant to late-life depression, symptomatology naturally decreasing over time, or type of combat exposure measurement. Results expand literature by examination of an ethnoracial group not studied often and longitudinal examination of late-life depressive symptoms within a military-related context. Stakeholders should be knowledgeable of the distinct issues presented when servin...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Schaper KM, Mackintosh MA, Willis EA, Liu C, White LR Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Verbal working memory training in older adults: an investigation of dose response.
In conclusion, this training was effective in a different socio-cultural context and adding three sessions to the protocol did not significantly change training impact. PMID: 30596450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - December 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Brum PS, Borella E, Carretti B, Sanches Yassuda M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Coping processes that foster accommodation to loss in old age.
CONCLUSION: It was confirmed that accommodation to losses in old age not only results from "the passage of time"; rather, it can be fostered by people's active efforts. Knowledge of these practices can help practitioners orient mental health interventions for older adults who have difficulty coping in healthy ways and preserving their subjective well-being. PMID: 30596452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - December 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Thumala D, Gajardo B, Gómez C, Arnold-Cathalifaud M, Araya A, Jofré P, Ravera V Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Attachment style, loneliness and depression in older age women.
This study used intensive interviews and logistic regression to explore how insecure attachment styles were associated with poor social support, isolation, loneliness and depression. Avoidantly, attached adults were at an increased risk for social isolation. Specifically, older adults with an Angry-Dismissive style were more likely to be lonely and experience mental health problems. Attachment style should be taken into consideration when promoting healthy aging. PMID: 30596454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - December 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Spence R, Jacobs C, Bifulco A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Impact of a prudent lifestyle on the clinical outcomes of older men with bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSION: The excess morbidity and mortality of older men with BD seems to be mediated by non-prudent lifestyle practices. If future studies can demonstrate that this association is causal, then lifestyle interventions will need to become an integral part of the management of older adults with BD. PMID: 30596455 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - December 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Almeida OP, Hankey GJ, Yeap BB, Flicker L Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of dyadic approaches to reminiscence and life review among older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: This review provides initial understanding of the impact of life review and reminiscence when care recipients and caregivers participate in the intervention together. Future clinical studies on dyadic approaches to life review and reminiscence should provide clearer descriptions of their protocols, include more consistent measures (incorporating in-the-moment measures), and involve populations of healthy older adults and their partners as well as those with cognitive impairment. The inclusion of qualitative studies helps interpret the diverse results reported in the quantitative studies and highlights key them...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - December 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ingersoll-Dayton B, Kropf N, Campbell R, Parker M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research