Religiosity and depressive symptoms among older adults in Colombia.
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms and religiosity among older adults in Colombia.Methods: Data are drawn from the SABE (Salud, Bienestar y Envejecimiento) Colombia Study, a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 involving 19,004 community-dwelling adults aged 60 years and older living in urban and rural areas of Colombia. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Geriatric Depression scale (GDS; range 0-15), examined both as a continuous and categorical variable. Religiosity was assessed by self-rated religiosity and comfort derived from religion. Logistic an...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Reyes-Ortiz CA, Payan C, Altamar G, Montes JFG, Koenig HG Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The longitudinal association between social network composition and episodic memory in older adulthood: the importance of contact frequency with friends.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that spending time with family may not affect episodic memory in older adulthood, but spending time with friends may be beneficial. Potential mechanisms and implications regarding the importance of friendships in later life are discussed. PMID: 33076685 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sharifian N, Kraal AZ, Zaheed AB, Sol K, Zahodne LB Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Anticholinergic drug use and risk of mortality for people with dementia in Northern Ireland.
CONCLUSIONS: Reducing anticholinergic burden is essential for people with dementia. Further research should address the unfavourable prognosis of people living with dementia in highly deprived areas. PMID: 33073601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: McMichael AJ, Zafeiridi E, Ryan M, Cunningham EL, Passmore AP, McGuinness B Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Vision impairment, vision correction, and cognitive decline among middle-aged and older Chinese: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between vision impairment (VI), vision correction (VC), and cognitive function. METHOD: We included 20,677 participants aged ≥45 years from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (2011-2015). Participants were grouped into no VI, distance VI (DVI) only, near VI (NVI) only, or both distance and near VI (DNVI), and VI(+)/VC(-), VI(+)/VC(+), VI(-)/VC(-), or VI(-)/VC(+) further at baseline. Cognitive function at baseline and subsequently every two years was applied as a dependent variable in a generalized estimating equation model. RE...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cao GY, Yao SS, Wang K, Han L, Chen ZS, Huang ZT, Zhang Q, Wang C, Hu YH, Xu B Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

UK clinicians' views on the use of formulations for the management of BPSD: a multidisciplinary survey.
CONCLUSION: Formulation-based approaches to targeting intervention are becoming popular in dementia care in the UK. More types of formulation frameworks are used in practice compared with the 2016 review. The use of formulations are seen as key to offering an alternative to pharmacological treatments. Understanding both the value of formulation-led approaches and the obstacles to their use are important to implementing NICE 2018 recommendations. PMID: 33047617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: James IA, Mahesh M, Duffy F, Reichelt K, Moniz-Cook E Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 worry, mental health indicators, and preparedness for future care needs across the adult lifespan.
CONCLUSION: Older age was associated with greater COVID-19 worry, perhaps in response to the much publicized greater risk for negative outcomes in this population. In spite of this specific concern, indicators of older adults' continued mental health emerged. Preparedness for future care is also highlighted, as well as clinical implications. PMID: 33043689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 12, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Maxfield M, Pituch KA Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life in older people with functional independence or mild dependence.
CONCLUSION: The study shows the relevance of incorporating measures of social and psychological well-being in the evaluation of HRQL, especially with a view to the design of multidimensional interventions that encompass individual content and the environment in which seniors develop. PMID: 33034199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 9, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Loayza LS, Valenzuela MT Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Providing memory assessment services during COVID-19.
PMID: 33030025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Underwood BR, Thompsell A, Sidhom E, Burns A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Development of best practice recommendations to enhance access to and use of formal community care services for people with dementia in Europe: a Delphi process conducted by the Actifcare project.
CONCLUSION: The Actifcare Best Practice Recommendations suggest practical measures that can be taken by decision makers to enhance access and use of community care services, and thereby enhance quality of care and quality of life for home dwelling people with dementia and their informal carers. PMID: 33030026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 8, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Røsvik J, Michelet M, Engedal K, Bergh S, Bieber A, Gonçalves-Pereira M, Portolani DM, Hopper L, Irving K, Jelley H, Kerpershoek L, Meyer G, Marques MJ, Sjølund BM, Sköldunger A, Stephan A, Verhey F, de Vugt M, Woods B, Wolfs C, Zanetti O, Selbaek G Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Cognitive reserve, modifiable-risk-factor profile and incidence of dementia: results from a longitudinal study of CFAS Wales.
CONCLUSION: Cognitive reserve significantly moderates the association between modifiable-risk-factor profiles and dementia. PMID: 33021096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jia F, Liu F, Li X, Shi X, Liu Y, Cao F Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Typology of pain coping and associations with physical health, mental health, and pain profiles in Hong Kong Chinese older adults.
CONCLUSION: The way coping was used, and the way it was related to pain, mood, health and functioning outcomes, varied substantially across individuals. Implications for coping skills interventions are discussed. PMID: 33016774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 4, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cheng ST, Chen PP, Mok MHT, Chow YF, Chung JWY, Law ACB, Lee JSW, Leung EMF, Tam CWC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Study of loneliness and wisdom in 482 middle-aged and oldest-old adults: a comparison between people in Cilento, Italy and San Diego, USA.
CONCLUSION: These results largely support cross-cultural validity of the constructs of loneliness and wisdom, and extend previous findings of strong inverse correlations between these two entities. Loneliness has become a growing public health problem, and the results of our study suggest that wisdom could be a protective factor against loneliness, although alternative explanations are also possible. Research on interventions to reduce loneliness by enhancing wisdom in older adults is needed. PMID: 33000647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jeste DV, Di Somma S, Lee EE, Nguyen TT, Scalcione M, Biaggi A, Daly R, Liu J, Tu X, Ziedonis D, Glorioso D, Antonini P, Brenner D Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Nine-year changes in self-reported problems with vision and hearing among older adults: do subjective age views matter?
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that subjective age views predict individuals' self-reported vision and hearing problems. PMID: 32985229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 27, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Wettstein M, Werner-Wahl H, Spuling SM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

With a little help from familiar interlocutors: real-world language use in young and older adults.
CONCLUSION: Familiarity with interlocutors is a promising contextual factor for research on aging and language complexity in the real world. Results were discussed in the context of cognitive aging. PMID: 32981344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Luo M, Debelak R, Schneider G, Martin M, Demiray B Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Anxiety and somatization: prevalence and correlates of mental health in older people (60+ years) in Botswana.
CONCLUSIONS: Eradicating poverty, provision of services, promoting positive emotions, changing health perceptions and QOL may augment mental health in older people. PMID: 32969266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mutepfa MM, Motsamai TB, Wright TC, Tapera R, Kenosi LI Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The relationships between self-compassion, rumination, and depressive symptoms among older adults: the moderating role of gender.
CONCLUSION: Interventions aimed at increasing self-compassion might have benefits for older adults. Future research investigating whether tailoring interventions according to gender of participants is efficacious is needed. PMID: 32969298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Hodgetts J, McLaren S, Bice B, Trezise A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Guilt for perceiving oneself as a burden in healthy older adults. Associated factors.
This study documents potential correlates of psychological distress in older adults with no explicit physical or cognitive problems, suggesting paths through which feelings of guilt for perceiving oneself as a burden may be reported by this population. PMID: 32964745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Pedroso-Chaparro MDS, Márquez-González M, Vara-García C, Cabrera I, Romero-Moreno R, Barrera-Caballero S, Losada A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Asymmetric effects of obesity on loneliness among older Germans. Longitudinal findings from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe.
HH Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine whether the onset and the end of obesity was associated with loneliness. METHOD: Nationally representative longitudinal data from Germany were taken from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (wave 5 to wave 7; n = 10,446 observations in the analytical sample). Using the three item loneliness scale (UCLA), loneliness was measured. According to the WHO thresholds, obesity was defined as BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2. Asymmetric fixed effects (FE) regressions were used. RESULTS: Conventional FE regression an...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Hajek A, König HH Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

A systematic review of self-neglect and its risk factors among community-dwelling older adults.
CONCLUSION: SN is a common and under-recognized phenomenon among community-dwelling older adults. Our review provides healthcare professionals with an insight into SN and its risk factors. More studies are required to test the potency of each independent risk factor to deepen our understanding of this particular phenomenon. PMID: 32954788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yu M, Gu L, Shi Y, Wang W Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Personal values profiles in dementia family caregivers: their association with ambivalent feelings and anxious and depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSION: Caregivers' value profiles seem to play an important role in the effects of stress over psychological health. Possible explanations of these effects about potential role conflicts and a higher commitment to values are discussed. PMID: 32954792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Vara-García C, Romero-Moreno R, Barrera-Caballero S, Pedroso-Chaparro MDS, Cabrera I, Márquez-González M, Olazarán J, Losada A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 related social support service closures on people with dementia and unpaid carers: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: PLWD and carers need to receive specific practical and psychological support during the pandemic to support their well-being, which is severely affected by public health restrictions. PMID: 32954794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Giebel C, Cannon J, Hanna K, Butchard S, Eley R, Gaughan A, Komuravelli A, Shenton J, Callaghan S, Tetlow H, Limbert S, Whittington R, Rogers C, Rajagopal M, Ward K, Shaw L, Corcoran R, Bennett K, Gabbay M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Continuous participation in social activities as a protective factor against depressive symptoms among older adults who started high-intensity spousal caregiving: findings from the China health and retirement longitudinal survey.
CONCLUSIONS: Continuous social participation protected against adverse psychological consequences during the transition into high-intensity spousal caregiving. Clinical attention should be directed at supporting spousal caregivers who meet difficulties in maintaining social participation when starting a demanding caregiving role. PMID: 32954798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Zhao X, Liu H, Fang B, Zhang Q, Ding H, Li T Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Cross-lagged relationships between sense of purpose in life, memory performance, and subjective memory beliefs in adulthood over a 9-year interval.
CONCLUSION: Our findings underscore once more the relevance of sense of purpose in life as a predictor of positive late life functioning, as it is related to both performance-based and subjective cognitive outcomes. More work is needed to understand mechanisms underlying the purpose-memory association in order to develop and implement purpose interventions. PMID: 32954859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Dewitte L, Lewis NA, Payne BR, Turiano NA, Hill PL Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Implementing post diagnostic dementia care in primary care: a mixed-methods systematic review.
CONCLUSION: A range of primary care-led dementia care models appear feasible and acceptable. Future services should: add dementia-focussed health professionals into primary care, develop primary care leadership and provide sufficient funding and collaboration opportunities. Information, community service links and social and ongoing support should be part of services. Further exploration of service reach and formalised fidelity assessment are needed. PMID: 32911966 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 9, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Frost R, Rait G, Aw S, Brunskill G, Wilcock J, Robinson L, Knapp M, Hogan N, Harrison Dening K, Allan L, Manthorpe J, Walters K, PriDem team Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Association between visual impairment and cognitive disorders in low-and-middle income countries: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: In LMIC, very few studies explored the association between visual and cognitive impairments among older people. The current review seems to suggest that visual impairment is associated with cognitive disorders in LMIC. However, further studies are required to improve the knowledge on this relationship. Improving vision, in particular through optical correction and cataract surgery, could potentially be easy pathways to reduce cognitive disorders incidence and to improve quality of life of people affected by this disorder. PMID: 32896159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Gbessemehlan A, Guerchet M, Helmer C, Delcourt C, Houinato D, Preux PM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Neuropsychiatric profiles in mild cognitive impairment with Lewy bodies.
CONCLUSION: The NPI is a useful tool to detect NPS in those with MCI-LB. The MCI-LB group had a higher prevalence of core features (visual hallucinations and RBD) and a higher LBNSSC than the MCI-AD group. These features could help to differentiate MCI-LB and MCI-AD. PMID: 32896168 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Liu C, Liu S, Wang X, Ji Y Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms in child caregivers of very old Mexican Americans.
CONCLUSIONS: In a Mexican American familistic culture, disability and cognitive impairment might be better tolerated by families but neuropsychiatric behavioral symptoms related to dementia may take an increased toll on family member caregivers. The need to provide respite services, mental health resources and community services for caregivers of care recipients with neuropsychiatric symptoms is of paramount importance to alleviate depressive symptoms and burden among caregivers. PMID: 32883095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 3, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Flores DV, Rote S, Angel J, Chen NW, Downer B, Markides K Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Are older adults also at higher psychological risk from COVID-19?
da I, García Álvarez L, Sáiz Martínez PA, Bobes J Abstract OBJECTIVE: Given the lack of information on the psychological impact of COVID-19 on people aged ≥60, we aimed to describe their psychological responses to this pandemic and lockdown situation and compare them with those under 60 years of age. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a larger online cross-sectional study designed to determine the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown across Spain. We analyzed a total of 1690 respondents aged ≥60 years and compared them with 13,363 respondents u...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - August 31, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: García-Portilla P, de la Fuente Tomás L, Bobes-Bascarán T, Jiménez Treviño L, Zurrón Madera P, Suárez Álvarez M, Menéndez Miranda I, García Álvarez L, Sáiz Martínez PA, Bobes J Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

What's eating you? Risk factors for poor health behaviors among family caregivers.
CONCLUSION: Interventions targeted at managing family strain, particularly for younger, female caregivers, could improve coping and decrease poor health behaviors. PMID: 32815373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - August 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Koumoutzis A, Cichy KE Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Prevalence, consequences and factors associated with drug use among individuals over 50 years of age in the family perspective.
CONCLUSIONS: The population has peculiar characteristics of vulnerability (cocaine use and violence) that remain under investigated; not only do routes into treatment for older adults (≥ 60) but appropriate treatment packages need to be developed too. PMID: 32815377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - August 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Barros GM, Horta ALM, Diehl A, Miranda RODR, Moura AAM, Seleghim MR, Silva CJD, Santos MAD, Wagstaff C, Pillon SC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Dual task walking costs in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO registration No CRD42020192121) is to review existing literature focusing on effects of different dual task paradigms on walking speed in older adults with and without Mild Cognitive Impairment. METHODS: (1) Data Sources: PubMEd, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health, Cochrane library, and Web of Science. (2) Study Selection: The key terms searched included those associated with dual task, walking speed, executive function, older adults, and MCI. (3) Data Extraction: The search yielded 140 results with 20 studies meeting the inclusion criteria...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - August 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bishnoi A, Hernandez ME Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Alcohol use among older adults and health care utilization.
CONCLUSION: Older adults who have any history of alcohol use are more likely than abstainers to have had recent health care visits, more office visits, (but not moderate or heavy users), and less likely to have had an emergency department visit. PMID: 32757773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - August 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bares CB, Kennedy A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Religion and mental health among older adults: ethnic differences in Malaysia.
CONCLUSION: The current study showed that there were ethnic variations in the associations between religion and mental health, and the associations depended on the religious variable included in the analysis. The findings of this study showed that religion could be another potential channel to improve mental health among older adults by accommodating and understanding their religious beliefs. PMID: 32741203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - August 2, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tan MM, Su TT, Ting RS, Allotey P, Reidpath D Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Interventions to support recovery following an episode of delirium: A realist synthesis.
CONCLUSIONS: Multicomponent interventions with elements that address all recovery domains and facilitators may have the most promise. Future research should build on this review and explore patients', carers', and professionals' tacit theories about the persistence of delirium or recovery from delirium in order to inform an effective intervention. PMID: 32734773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: O'Rourke G, Parker D, Anderson R, Morgan-Trimmer S, Allan L Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Family functioning and negative emotions in older adults: the mediating role of self-integrity and the moderating role of self-stereotyping.
CONCLUSION: Family functioning negatively predicted negative emotions, self-integrity mediated the link between family functioning and negative emotions, and self-stereotyping moderated the direct and indirect effects of family functioning on depression and anxiety via self-integrity. PMID: 32723079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Dang Q, Bai R, Zhang B, Lin Y Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Acceptability and effects of tele-delivered behavioral activation for depression in low-income homebound older adults: in their own words.
CONCLUSION: Participants' comments show that Tele-BA aimed at reinforcing healthy behaviors that improve both physical functioning and mood is well aligned with these older adults' perception of what treatment should be. The findings also provide support for lay counselors' clinical capacity. Given geriatric mental health workforce shortages, lay counselors may be able to effectively supplement existing professional mental health service systems. PMID: 32693614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Choi NG, Caamano J, Vences K, Marti CN, Kunik ME Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Self-rated health and mental health among older incarcerated males.
CONCLUSION: SRH has both direct and indirect effects on depression and anxiety, by working through perceived worth and meaningfulness in life, in older incarcerated males. Assessing SRH, and focusing on ways to maintain self-worth and meaning, may be instrumental in promoting and sustaining their good mental health. PMID: 32698603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Vogel CE, Molinari V, Andel R, Barry LC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Life challenges and resilience: the role of perceived personality continuity.
CONCLUSION: A late life strength, older adults report higher self-functioning overall. Challenges negatively relate to self-functioning across age groups, but younger adults' self-esteem is more vulnerable. When having faced challenges, older adults' perceived personality continuity is critical to positive current self-functioning. PMID: 32691607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sharma S, Åkerlund H, Liao HW, Bluck S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Behaviour assessment tools in long-term care homes in Canada: a survey.
CONCLUSIONS: Behavioural assessment tools, in particular a direct observation tool, are widely used in clinical care in Canadian LTCH. Education, enhanced resources, leadership support and applications of technology represent opportunities to improve their use. PMID: 32691610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Penko M, Quirt H, Schindel Martin L, Iaboni A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Neighborhood environment perceptions associate with depression levels and cardiovascular risk among middle-aged and older adults: Data from the Washington, DC cardiovascular health and needs assessment.
We examined relationships between perceived/objective neighborhood characteristics, depression, and CVD markers within the Washington, DC CV Health/Needs Assessment, an evaluation among predominantly African-American (AA) adults in resource-limited DC communities. METHOD: Factor analysis of overall neighborhood environment perception (NEP) identified three NEP sub-scores:1) violence; 2) physical/social environment; 3) social cohesion (higher score = more favorable perception). Objective neighborhood characteristics were measured by geospatially-derived scores of walkability, transportation, and crime. De...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Andrews MR, Ceasar J, Tamura K, Langerman SD, Mitchell VM, Collins BS, Baumer Y, Gutierrez Huerta CA, Dey AK, Playford MP, Mehta NN, Powell-Wiley TM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Homicide-suicide across the lifespan: a mixed methods examination of factors contributing to older adult perpetration.
CONCLUSION: HS perpetrated by older adults was both similar and different from incidents perpetrated by younger adults. Programs that prevent or de-escalate intimate partner violence would likely prevent many HS incidents perpetrated by older adults, but health and aging-related issues must also be considered. PMID: 32686960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Schwab-Reese LM, Murfree L, Coppola EC, Liu PJ, Hunter AA Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

"I've been always strong to conquer any suffering:" challenges and resilience of Chinese American dementia caregivers in a life course perspective.
CONCLUSION: This study shed important light on the multifaceted challenges and resilience of Chinese American caregivers. The findings indicate the necessity of developing culturally meaningful services for immigrant caregivers to address their complex challenges and improve their multifaceted resilience. PMID: 32687392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Liu J, Lou Y, Wu B, Mui ACY Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Can social capital moderate the impact of widowhood on depressive symptoms? A fixed-effects longitudinal analysis.
We examined whether an increase in individual-level social capital mitigates the adverse impact of widowhood on depressive symptoms. METHODS: We used data from the 2013/2016 waves of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study of functionally independent adults aged 65 years or older (men: n = 20,853; women: n =16,858). Fixed-effects regression was applied to examine the potential buffering effects of changes in social capital on changes in depressive symptoms following widowhood among married people living with their spouse and/or others at baseline. RESULTS: Widowhood had a deleterious impact on depressive sympto...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Nakagomi A, Shiba K, Kondo K, Kawachi I Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Development and validation of the Sources of Meaning in Life Scale for the Elderly in China.
CONCLUSION: The SMSE has good reliability and validity that can be used to evaluate the sources of meaning and meaning in life for the elderly. PMID: 32677457 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Zhou JJ, Tong P, Ren QZ, Li T, Zheng YJ, Shen QQ, Liang YY, Gao YL Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Screening for depression in older adults with cognitive impairment in the homecare setting: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: At present, there is insufficient evidence to support best practices in screening for depression in people with CI in homecare. PMID: 32677506 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Niculescu I, Arora T, Iaboni A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Effects of mindfulness meditation interventions on depression in older adults: A meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: MMIs improved depressive symptoms in older adults. MMIs might be used as adjunctive or alternative to conventional treatment for depressed older adults. PMID: 32666805 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Reangsing C, Rittiwong T, Schneider JK Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Association between depressive symptoms, metabolic risk factors, and cognitive function: cross-sectional results from a community study in Quebec, Canada.
CONCLUSION: Comorbidity of depressive symptoms and MetD was associated with reduced cognitive performance in middle-aged adults without diabetes. KEY POINTS Poor cognitive function is a major public health concern and can be potentially prevented by targeting its modifiable risk factors. Metabolic dysregulation and depression have both been independently associated with poor cognitive function. Comorbidity of metabolic dysregulation and depressive symptoms is associated with an increased risk of poor cognitive function in middle-aged individuals. Future health interventions might benefit by screening for comorbidity in pat...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ferri F, Deschênes SS, Power N, Schmitz N Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Arts-based interventions to improve cognition in older persons with mild cognitive impairment: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSION: This review found that arts-based interventions can potentially improve various aspects of cognitive functioning in older persons with MCI, although our confidence was dampened by methodological limitations such as the moderate-to-high risk of bias present in studies and heterogeneity in the way MCI was defined. Recommendations for future research are discussed. PMID: 32643397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Fong ZH, Tan SH, Mahendran R, Kua EH, Chee TT Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Challenges to dementia care during COVID-19: Innovations in remote delivery of group Cognitive Stimulation Therapy.
PMID: 32631103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 6, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cheung G, Peri K Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Public knowledge of the influence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors on dementia: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Despite dementia is considered as a public health priority by World Health Organization, knowledge of the modifiable CVRFs and dementia is low in the general population. Public health policymakers should develop appropriate educational programs and interventions to equip the communities and vulnerable groups with this understanding so that they can be prepared to reduce dementia risk. PMID: 32633131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - July 6, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Parial LL, Lam SC, Ho JYS, Suen LKP, Leung AYM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research