Widowhood and loneliness among Chinese older adults: the role of education and gender.
Conclusion: This study revealed a gendered pattern in the interaction between widowhood and education on loneliness and demonstrated the complexity of the mechanisms. Furthermore, it highlighted the importance of considering the role of education and gender simultaneously in a Chinese context. PMID: 32098481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 26, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yang F Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the accuracy of the clock drawing test (CDT) in the identification of delirium in older hospitalised patients.
Abstract Objective: Delirium is a common neurocognitive syndrome among hospitalised older adults. The clock drawing test (CDT) is a relatively simple bedside test of cognitive function. This systematic review and meta-analysis examine the accuracy of the CDT in identifying delirium in hospitalised older adults.Methods: PRISMA guidelines were used to report the identified studies. Pubmed, SCOPUS, and Ovid and EBSCO platforms (including MEDLINE ®, PsycINFO, PsycEXTRA, EMCARE, CINAHL and EMBASE databases) were searched. Studies were assessed for methodological quality using the Downs and Black Tool. Data were ext...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Meagher D, Williams OA, O'Connell H, Leonard M, Cullen W, Dunne CP, Mulligan O, Adamis D Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Managing loneliness: a qualitative study of older people's views.
This study aimed to explore how community-dwelling lonely older people in England manage their experiences of loneliness. Twenty eight community-dwelling older people identifying as lonely, based on responses to two loneliness measures (self-report and a standardised instrument), participated in in-depth interviews between 2013 and 2014. Fifteen lived alone. Thematic analysis of transcribed interviews was conducted by a multidisciplinary team including older people.Participants drew on a range of strategies to ameliorate their distress which had been developed over their lives and shaped according to individual coping styl...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kharicha K, Manthorpe J, Iliffe S, Chew-Graham CA, Cattan M, Goodman C, Kirby-Barr M, Whitehouse JH, Walters K Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Attitudes towards prediction and early diagnosis of late-onset dementia: a comparison of tested persons and family caregivers.
Conclusions: Current clinical and communication strategies only partly address the perspectives and needs of the affected. A standardized and ethically reflected procedure of the information provided by professionals before testing and afterwards, during disclosure, seems necessary. Further, longitudinal studies are needed to improve our knowledge about the experiences tested persons and family caregivers have with different levels of stigma. PMID: 32091238 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lohmeyer JL, Alpinar-Sencan Z, Schicktanz S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Association between relationship quality and concurrent alcohol use and sedative-tranquilizer misuse in middle and later life.
Conclusion: Evidence suggests that older co-users may differ from those in midlife in terms of social risk factors. As the aging population increases, elucidating the potential mechanisms by which social factors impact concurrent alcohol use and sedative-tranquilizer medication misuse aid the development of targeted interventions and prevention programs in these groups. PMID: 32090595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Wilson TD, Barry KL, Maust DT, Blow FC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Help-seeking for psychological distress and its association with anxiety in the oldest old - results from the AgeQualiDe cohort study.
Conclusion: A large proportion of those experiencing psychological distress sought support from informal sources in this study. Anxiety symptoms in the oldest old were associated with the increased use of informal support, but not formal support or no help-seeking. Training and support for people providing informal help to those with mental health problems should be promoted to reduce a possible burden. However, future research addressing underlying mechanisms is needed. PMID: 32081021 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Hohls JK, König HH, Eisele M, Mallon T, Mamone S, Wiese B, Weyerer S, Fuchs A, Pentzek M, Roehr S, Welzel F, Mösch E, Weeg D, Heser K, Wagner M, Scherer M, Maier W, Riedel-Heller SG, Hajek A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Discerning rural Appalachian stakeholder attitudes toward memory screening.
Abstract Objective: The aim of this descriptive study was to examine Appalachian stakeholder attitudes toward routine memory screening, and to compare and contrast results from a similar study conducted in an ethnically diverse rural Florida cohort. Determining perceptions about memory screening is essential prior to developing culturally relevant programs for increasing early dementia detection and management among rural underserved older adults at risk of cognitive impairment. Benefits of early detection include ruling out other causes of illness and treating accordingly, delaying onset of dementia symptoms thro...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Wiese LK, Williams I, Williams CL, Galvin JE Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of the negative impact of falls on health, well-being, and survival in later life: the protective role of perceived control.
Conclusion: Findings highlight the importance of assessing risk of falling and levels of perceived control in later life. PMID: 32081033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jónsdóttir HL, Ruthig JC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Delirium screening and mortality in patients with dementia admitted to acute hospitals.
Conclusion: These results demonstrate that, among people with dementia who are admitted to hospital, screening for delirium and assessment of cognitive functioning are associated with lower mortality. While we cannot be certain that these associations are causal, the findings support efforts that are being made to increase levels of screening for delirium among people with dementia who are admitted to hospital. PMID: 32081035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Codling D, Hood C, Bassett P, Smithard D, Crawford MJ Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Values of lifelong learners and their pursuits of happiness and whole-person wellness.
In this study, we explored the lived experiences of older adults engaged in lifelong learning programs using the Orientations to Happiness (OTH) framework.Methods: Semi-structured interviews employing a phenomenological approach were conducted with Midwestern older adults (aged 65 years and older) who participated in lifelong learning programs. Interviews were transcribed and collaboratively coded using pattern coding.Results: Six themes were identified that described the values expressed by participants: 1) need for novelty, 2) generativity, 3) spirituality, 4) hedonism, 5) active lifestyle, and 6) family. We creat...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Obhi HK, Hardy A, Margrett JA Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Achieving healthy ageing  through the perspective of sense of coherence among senior-only households: a qualitative study.
Conclusion: By reframing the definition of health to pursuing and fulfilling valued accomplishments, optimal health can be achieved regardless of physical health state. This study suggested that sense of coherence towards the pursuit of healthy ageing can be addressed by reducing the unpredictability of ageing-related processes and vulnerabilities (comprehensibility), supporting active adoption of actions which promotes physical, mental and social health (manageability) and individual reflection in making sense of old age to seek motivation in living each day purposefully (meaningfulness). PMID: 32067465 [PubMed - as ...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Seah B, Espnes GA, Ang ENK, Lim JY, Kowitlawakul Y, Wang W Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Mortality in patients with behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia: a registry-based study.
Conclusions: The results show a stepwise increase in mortality risk with increased BPSD, highlighting the importance of adequate management of BPSD to reduce mortality in dementia. PMID: 32067466 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bränsvik V, Granvik E, Minthon L, Nordström P, Nägga K Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

What are the social consequences of beginning or ceasing to care for grandchildren? Evidence from an asymmetric fixed effects analysis of community dwelling adults in Germany.
k A Abstract Objective: To examine the influence of a change in one's caregiving status, i.e. beginning to provide grandchild care or ceasing to provide grandchild care, on feelings of loneliness and one's social network size.Method: A longitudinal study was conducted, using data drawn from a population-based sample of community-based individuals ≥ 40 years. This data was analyzed using asymmetric fixed effects models (n = 8,678 observations). Perceived loneliness was measured using a short version of the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale. The number of important people with whom respondent...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Quirke E, König HH, Hajek A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Supporting route learning in older adults: the role of imagery strategy.
Conclusion: These findings newly suggest that using imagery helps to sustain older adults' route learning ability, especially in spatial recall tasks demanding the active manipulation of spatial information learnt, such as locating landmarks previously encountered while navigating a path. These results are discussed within the aging and spatial cognition frameworks. PMID: 32067468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Carbone E, Meneghetti C, Borella E Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The association between perceived social and physical environment and mental health among older adults: mediating effects of loneliness.
We examined it in the association of several social and physical environmental characteristics with mental health among older adults in three municipalities in Flanders (Belgium).Methods: A total of 869 people aged 60 and over were interviewed. Loneliness was assessed through the De Jong Gierveld short scales for emotional and social loneliness. Social participation and social cohesion were assessed following the Neighborhood scales whereas physical environment characteristics were selected from the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale. Mental health was assessed through subscale psychological frailty of the Comprehe...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Domènech-Abella J, Switsers L, Mundó J, Dierckx E, Dury S, De Donder L Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Relationships between pathological narcissism and maladaptive personality traits among older adults.
Conclusions: Findings generally support the convergent validity of the PNI for use among older adults and suggest that pathological narcissism may be related to general personality pathology in later life. PMID: 32067472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Stone LE, Segal DL, Krus GC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Barriers, motivators and facilitators of physical activity in people with dementia and their family carers in England: dyadic interviews.
Conclusion: Themes such as social connectedness, positive emotion and health were seen as key motivators to physical activity, which indicate that people with dementia and carers use physical activity as a means to maintain and improve their quality of life. Supporting family members to better facilitate such activities could encourage physical activity in people with dementia. PMID: 32067474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Farina N, Williams A, Clarke K, Hughes LJ, Thomas S, Lowry RG, Banerjee S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The nature of positive post-diagnostic support as experienced by people with young onset dementia.
Conclusion: The study findings (a) suggest that positive services may collectively create an enabling-protective circle that supports YPD to re-establish and maintain a positive identity in the face of young onset dementia, and (b) provide a basis from which future good practice can be developed. PMID: 32067481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Stamou V, Fontaine J, O'Malley M, Jones B, Gage H, Parkes J, Carter J, Oyebode J Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Social factors may mediate the relationship between subjective age-related hearing loss and episodic memory.
Conclusions: Self-reported hearing difficulties may exert an indirect effect on episodic memory via weekly social activity engagement. The findings may have implications for identification of individuals at risk of memory decline in later life. PMID: 32067488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Loughrey DG, Feeney J, Kee F, Lawlor BA, Woodside JV, Setti A, Power JM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Impact of individual and neighborhood dimensions of socioeconomic status on the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment over seven-year follow-up.
Conclusion: The incidence of MCI in older adults was related to both individual characteristics and socioeconomic context. Public health strategies should be holistic and focus not only on promoting the classical individual preventive measures, but also on reducing social inequalities to foster healthy aging and reduce dementia burden. PMID: 32067489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Fernández-Blázquez MA, Noriega-Ruiz B, Ávila-Villanueva M, Valentí-Soler M, Frades-Payo B, Del Ser T, Gómez-Ramírez J Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Association of vision problems with psychosocial factors among middle-aged and older individuals: findings from a nationally representative study.
Conclusion: Adjusting for various potential confounders and in contrast to various chronic diseases, our findings emphasize an association between vision problems and worse psychosocial outcomes in middle-aged and older adults. Future longitudinal studies are needed to validate our findings. PMID: 32054296 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Hajek A, Wolfram C, Spitzer M, König HH Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The effects of elective aortic repair, colorectal cancer surgery and subsequent postoperative delirium on long-term quality of life, cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms in older patients.
This study aimed to demonstrate the impact of elective major abdominal surgery and subsequent postoperative delirium on quality of life (QOL; primary outcome), cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms (secondary outcomes) in older surgical patients.Method: A single-centre, longitudinal prospective cohort study was conducted between November 2015 and June 2018, including patients ≥70 years old who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer or an abdominal aortic aneurysm. They were followed-up at discharge and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively until June 2019. QOL was assessed with the World Health Organ...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Janssen TL, de Vries J, Lodder P, Faes MC, Ho GH, Gobardhan PD, van der Laan L Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The Scales of Psychological Well-Being - a validation, usability and test-retest study among community-dwelling older people in Finland.
Discussion: The reliability of the 42-item version of the SPWB was modest. The factor structure was inconsistent among the three age groups studied, but the scales were feasible to use. The current results call for further methodological consideration to optimize assessment of eudaimonic well-being in old age. PMID: 32052647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Saajanaho M, Kokko K, Pynnönen K, Tourunen A, Törmäkangas T, Portegijs E, Rantanen T Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Does the beginning and the end of income poverty affect psychosocial factors among middle-aged and older adults? Findings based on nationally representative longitudinal data.
The objective of this study was to determine whether the onset and the end of income poverty were associated with psychosocial factors (depressive symptoms, optimism, loneliness, social isolation, and subjective well-being).Method: For this study, nationally representative longitudinal data were drawn from the German Ageing Survey (wave 5 and wave 6 with n = 8534 in the analytical sample), covering community-dwelling individuals 40 years and over. Widely used and well-established measures were used to quantify psychosocial factors. Asymmetric linear fixed effects (FE) regressions were used.Results: Con...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Hajek A, König HH Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Perceptions of dementia amongst the general public across Latin America: a systematic review.
Conclusion: There is a need for more in-depth research about attitudes of the general public across Latin America, particularly outside of São Paulo state, Brazil. There appears to be a greater need to raise awareness of dementia amongst less educated Latin American groups. PMID: 32048522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Farina N, Suemoto CK, Burton JK, Oliveira D, Frost R Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Group singing improves quality of life for people with Parkinson's: an international study.
Abstract Objectives: Group singing has been reported to enhance quality of life (QoL) and mental health in older people. This paper explored whether there are differences in the effects of group singing intervention on people with Parkinson's (PwPs) in Australia, UK and South Korea.Methods: The study included PwPs (N = 95; mean age = 70.26; male 45%) who participated in a standardised 6-month weekly group singing programme. Parkinson's health-related QoL measure (PDQ39) and mental health assessment (DASS) were administered at baseline and follow-up. ANOVAs were performed with significance set as p
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Irons JY, Hancox G, Vella-Burrows T, Han EY, Chong HJ, Sheffield D, Stewart DE Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Competing risk analysis of the association between dementia and major depressive disorder: a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan.
Conclusions: The patients with MDD had significantly higher incidence rates of AD and NAD than the controls, in particular among aged 65 and above. Additional studies are required to clarify the underlying pathophysiology between the MDD-dementia association and investigate whether prompt intervention in MDD can reduce the risk of dementia. PMID: 32009453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - February 3, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Huang CJ, Weng SF, Wang JJ, Hsieh HM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Older Korean Americans' concern about Alzheimer's disease: the role of immigration-related factors and objective and subjective cognitive status.
Conclusion: The mediation model not only helps us better understand the psychological mechanisms that underlie the link between cognitive status and AD concern but also highlights the potential importance of subjective perceptions about cognitive status as an avenue for interventions. PMID: 32003243 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 31, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jang Y, Choi E, Rhee MK, Yoon H, Park NS, Chiriboga DA Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Benefits of volunteering on psychological well-being in older adulthood: evidence from a randomized controlled trial.
Discussion: Our randomized controlled trial suggests that short-term volunteering does not reliably lead to short-term changes in psychosocial health measures as correlational studies would suggest. Efforts need to be made to encourage older adults to maintain long-term volunteering. PMID: 31986905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jiang D, Warner LM, Chong AM, Li T, Wolff JK, Chou KL Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Factorial validity and invariance analysis of the five items version of Mindful Awareness Attention Scale in older adults.
This study aims to evaluate the evidence of validity, on the basis of the internal structure, convergent and discriminant validity, reliability and factorial invariance across gender, for the five items Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS-5) within a sample of older adults.Methods: The participants were 323 Peruvian older adults, consisting of 160 women and 163 men, whose average ages were 68.58 (S.D = 7.23) and 68.91 years (S.D = 7.12), respectively. In addition to the MAAS-5, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 were administered.Results: The Confi...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Caycho-Rodríguez T, Tomás JM, Ventura-León J, Carranza Esteban RF, Oblitas Guadalupe LA, Reyes-Bossio M, García Cadena CH, Cabrera-Orosco I Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Towards an active and happy retirement? Changes in leisure activity and depressive symptoms during the retirement transition.
Conclusion: The results highlight the need to consider the role of lifestyle changes for retirement adjustment and mental health. PMID: 31965817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Henning G, Stenling A, Bielak AAM, Bjälkebring P, Gow AJ, Kivi M, Muniz-Terrera G, Johansson B, Lindwall M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Optimism as a key to improving mental health in family caregivers of people living with Alzheimer's disease.
Conclusion: This study highlights the indirect role of optimism and the advantages that interventions in optimism training in the early stages of the person with AD could produce. Thus, alleviating subjective burden and increasing perceived social support, which would lead to an improvement in the mental health of family caregivers of people with AD. PMID: 31960702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Díaz A, Ponsoda JM, Beleña A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The Arabic and Hebrew versions of the caregiving ambivalence scale (CAS): examining its reliability, validity, and correlates among Israeli caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease.
Conclusions: The CAS is a reliable and valid structured measure to assess ambivalent feelings among Arab and Jewish caregivers of individuals with AD in Israel. Cultural context is a unique factor in understanding their mixed emotions. PMID: 31957480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: AboJabel H, Schiffman IK, Werner P Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Intensity and type of physical activity predicts depression in older adults.
This study examined whether various levels of physical activity among older adults predicted levels of depression and whether there were racial differences in the levels and types of physical activities engaged in by adults aged 50 and older. METHOD: Data from the 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed for 2,474 adults aged 50 years and older. Variables of focus were demographics, physical activity and depression, assessed using the Physical Activity Questionnaire and the Mental Health - Depression Screener. RESULTS: There was a significant positive relationship between ...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 17, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mumba MN, Nacarrow AF, Cody S, Key BA, Wang H, Robb M, Jurczyk A, Ford C, Kelley MA, Allen RS Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Rehabilitation of persons with dementia: using technology to improve participation.
Conclusion: Findings suggest that iN2L technology has the potential to increase treatment engagement and enhance rehabilitation outcomes among older adults with dementia. PMID: 31941356 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Zarit SH, Chiusano C, Harrison AS, Sewell L, Krause C, Liu Y Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Awareness in severe Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review.
Conclusion: Awareness is complex, heterogeneous and varies significantly between individuals. Environmental and contextual factors have a significant impact on whether awareness is observed in people with severe AD. Adaptation of the environment has the potential to facilitate the expression of awareness while education of caregivers may increase understanding of people with severe AD and potentially improve the quality of care that is received. PMID: 31942805 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: O'Shaughnessy NJ, Chan JE, Bhome R, Gallagher P, Zhang H, Clare L, Sampson EL, Stone P, Huntley J Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Daily linkages among high and low arousal affect and subjective cognitive complaints.
Abstract Objectives: Subjective cognitive complaints may be an early indicator of Alzheimer's disease pathology and related dementias that can be detectable prior to objective, performance-based decline. Negative and positive affective states (NA and PA, respectively) are established psychosocial correlates of cognition in older adulthood and have demonstrated capacity for meaningful within-person fluctuations based on person-environment interactions, age, and measurement approach.Method: We utilized data from a 100-day, microlongitudinal study of 105 community-dwelling older adults (Mage = 63.19, SD = 7.80, Range...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cerino ES, Hooker K, Settersten RA, Odden MC, Stawski RS Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Internet use and mental health problems among older people in Shanghai, China: the moderating roles of chronic diseases and household income.
Conclusion: This study sheds evidence on the negative correlation of Internet use with mental health problems. It also indicates that Internet use may reduce more mental health problems in the low-income group and the unhealthy group. Therefore, increasing Internet use in the low-income group and the unhealthy group is suggested as a promising strategy to promote elders' mental health. PMID: 31928208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yuan H Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Within-family patterns of intergenerational emotional closeness and psychological well-being of older parents in China.
Conclusion: This study highlighted the importance of capturing different within-family dynamics of intergenerational emotional closeness in Chinese families. It also pointed out the negative effects of collective ambivalence for older adults' psychological well-being. PMID: 31928065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 12, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Chen J, Zhou X Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Qualitative study of loneliness in a senior housing community: the importance of wisdom and other coping strategies.
Discussion: Despite living within a communal setting designed to reduce social isolation, many older adults described feeling lonely in stark negative terms, attributing it to aging-associated losses or lack of social skills and abilities. However, interviewees also reported positive personal qualities and actions to prevent or cope with loneliness, several of which mirrored specific components of wisdom. The results support the reported inverse relationship between loneliness and wisdom and suggest a potential role for wisdom-enhancing interventions to reduce and prevent loneliness in older populations. PMID: 3191856...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Morlett Paredes A, Lee EE, Chik L, Gupta S, Palmer BW, Palinkas LA, Kim HC, Jeste DV Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The role of symptom appraisal, concealment and social support in optimizing dyadic mental health in heart failure.
Conclusion: Findings underscore the salience of a dyadic approach to health and the clinical relevance of identifying patterns of dyadic mental health so we may determine those most in need of intervention. PMID: 31920088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lyons KS, Johnson SH, Lee CS Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Mental health and aging in Israel: emerging and longstanding successes and challenges.
PMID: 31920089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: O'Rourke N Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Factors influencing quality of life in African-American dementia dyads.
Conclusion: Findings suggest understanding the interpersonal characteristics (e.g., dyadic relationship, family structure and role functions) of dyads may hold promise for improving their QOL. PMID: 31920090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bonds K, Whitlatch CJ, Song M, Lyons KS Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

A socially-engaged lifestyle moderates the association between gait velocity and cognitive impairment.
Conclusions: The significant moderating influence of social engagement has several implications, including the likelihood that distinct mechanisms underlie the relationships of social engagement and gait velocity to cognitive function, the value of social variables for well-being, and the potential utility of socially-based interventions that may prevent/delay a-MCI onset. PMID: 31920094 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Gorenko JA, Smith AP, Hundza SR, Halliday DWR, DeCarlo CA, Sheets DJ, Stawski RS, MacDonald SWS Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Depressive symptom as a mediator of the influence of self-reported sleep quality on falls: a mediation analysis.
Conclusions: The presence of depressive symptoms might partially mediate the association of self-reported sleep quality with falls among older adults. PMID: 31920106 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Liu JH, Ma QH, Sun HP, Xu Y, Pan CW Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Regrets of family caregivers in Israel about the end of life of deceased relatives.
Conclusion: This article provides a comprehensive description of EoL regrets, and helps clarify the complexity of regrets, lack of regrets, and ambivalence concerning regrets, though the study is limited to one country. Analysis suggests the need for public education concerning the EoL process, and for changes within the health care system to improve communication, to improve understanding of the needs of the terminally ill, and to provide more instruction to family caregivers to help them understand EoL. PMID: 31913052 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 8, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cohen-Mansfield J, Brill S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Family social capital and life satisfaction among older adults living alone in urban China: the moderating role of functional health.
Conclusion: Theoretical aspects on how family social capital, living alone, and functional health are interwoven and influence mental health in later life were deliberated. Policy and intervention implications were discussed. PMID: 31899943 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 3, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lu N, Spencer M, Sun Q, Lou VWQ Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Non-pharmacological interventions for older adults with depressive symptoms: a network meta-analysis of 35 randomized controlled trials.
Conclusions: Physical activity and psychotherapy demonstrated statistically significant superiority over conventional treatment. Music and life review therapy proved the most promising individual interventions. However, conclusions are limited by the lack of sufficient sample size and consensus regarding intervention categories and so an adequately powered study is necessary to consolidate these findings. PMID: 31880174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - December 27, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Chen YJ, Li XX, Pan B, Wang B, Jing GZ, Liu QQ, Li YF, Bing ZT, Yang KH, Han XM, Ge L Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Cognitive reappraisal and the association between depressive symptoms and perceived social support among older adults.
We examined the effects of depressive symptoms and cognitive reappraisal on perceived social support. We then examined the potential moderating role of cognitive reappraisal on the association between depressive symptoms and perceived social support.Results: Depressive symptoms were associated with lower levels of perceived social support. Cognitive reappraisal was associated with higher levels of perceived social support. Cognitive reappraisal moderated the negative consequences of depressive symptoms on perceived social support. Whereas depressive symptoms had a negative effect on perceived social support, the negative e...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - December 26, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sachs-Ericsson N, Carr D, Sheffler J, Preston TJ, Kiosses D, Hajcak G Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Predictors of quality of life and attitude to ageing in older adults with and without dementia.
This study explored the quality of life (QoL) and attitudes to aging in older adults with and without dementia, and ascertained the main factors that predict QoL and attitude to ageing.Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 563 community-dwelling adults with (PwD) and without dementia (PwoD)>60 years of age was conducted in three Czech regions. A tools battery including the Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale, Patient Dignity Inventory, Attitude to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ), Short Physical Performance Battery, and Barthel Index, were administered.Results: PwD had worse scores...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - December 23, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kisvetrová H, Herzig R, Bretšnajdrová M, Tomanová J, Langová K, Školoudík D Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research