Equipping staff with the skills to maximise recovery of people with dementia after an injurious fall.
CONCLUSION: Improving outcomes for people with dementia following a fall requires the principles of person-centred care to be enacted by professionals with a generic role, as well as specialist staff. This requires additional training and support by specialist staff to address the wide variability in current practice. PMID: 30428699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 15, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bamford C, Wheatley A, Shaw C, Allan LM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Vitamin D deficiency and course of frailty in a depressed older population.
CONCLUSIONS: In a depressed population, higher vitamin D levels were associated with lower prevalence and incidence of frailty. Future studies should examine whether the favorable effect of low vitamin D levels on the course of frailty can be explained by confounding or whether unknown pathophysiological mechanisms may exert protective effects. PMID: 30430840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 15, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: van den Berg KS, Arts MHL, Collard RM, van den Brink RHS, Comijs HC, Marijnissen RM, Oude Voshaar RC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Is greenery associated with mental health among residents of aged care facilities? A systematic search and narrative review.
CONCLUSION: Exposure to greenery and use of greenspace in RACFs show promise for promoting mental health. However, the findings relied mainly on non-validated measures of mental health. More robust evidence based on valid and reliable mental health measures is needed. Future studies also need to examine the effect of visual exposure to greenery and the effect of greenery on stress reduction. PMID: 30430849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 15, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Carver A, Lorenzon A, Veitch J, Macleod A, Sugiyama T Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Fear of falling and emotional regulation in older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Fear of falling is associated with emotion regulation difficulties in community dwelling older adults. However, this link no longer exists once depression is controlled for. The key clinical implication is the importance of the assessment of depression in older adults with a fear of falling. Future research should use a longitudinal design to further unpick the causal relationships between these variables. PMID: 30430850 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 15, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Scarlett L, Baikie E, Chan SWY Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Exploring the experience of the disclosure of a dementia diagnosis from a clinician, patient and carer perspective: a systematic review and Meta-ethnographic synthesis.
CONCLUSION: Clinical practice can be informed by a body of literature but there is much work to be done to develop evidence-based detailed guidance for improving the dementia diagnosis experience for all parties, and supporting clinicians to manage inherent tensions in this process. Further research is required on this topic to addresses the shortcomings highlighted in this review. PMID: 30430858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 15, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Poyser CA, Tickle A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

How to address the needs of non-responders to REACH VA: a qualitative analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: For many non-responders, a longer-term treatment targeting caregivers' emotional processing, interpersonal skills, social connection, acquisition and implementation of skills is indicated. PMID: 30428687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Nehrig N, Chen CK Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Predictors of the personal benefits and positive aspects of informal caregiving.
We examined the CG's self-reported physical complaints (GBB-24), subjective burden (CSI), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), quality of life (CarerQoL), and benefits (BIZA-D). RESULTS: Most of the CGs (87.1%) experienced benefits in at least one field. A higher experience of benefits was significantly associated with: more depressive symptoms (r = 0.10), higher burden (r = 0.17), longer duration of care (r = 0.07), longer daily care time (r = 0.21), more physical complaints (r = 0.15), and a good quality of the relationship between CG and CR (η&thinsp...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Pendergrass A, Mittelman M, Graessel E, Özbe D, Karg N Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Relationship continuity and person-centred care in how spouses make sense of challenging care needs.
CONCLUSIONS: Person-centred care is important for the well-being of those giving and those receiving the care. Little is currently known about how to support families to be more person-centred. The possibility of supporting person-centred care through enhancing the experience of continuity merits investigation. PMID: 30415564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 10, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Riley GA, Achiampong J, Hillberg T, Oyebode JR Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Assessing the relative contribution of social exclusion, income-poverty, and financial strain on depressive symptoms among older people in Hong Kong.
This study examines the associations of social exclusion, income poverty, and financial strain with depressive symptoms and evaluates the moderating effect of social support in the link between social exclusion and depressive symptoms. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 850 older people (65 years old or above) in Hong Kong randomly selected through a household survey. We used a logistic regression to evaluate the associations of social exclusion, income poverty, and financial strain with depressive symptoms, controlling for social support and social network variables, health indicators, and socio-demographic varia...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 9, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lee SY, Chou KL Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Beyond health and economy: resource interactions in retirement adjustment.
DISCUSSION: Our findings add to the current knowledge on retirement adjustment and suggest that negative effects of poor health and lack of basic financial resources on retirees life satisfaction may be compensated for by higher levels of autonomy, social support, and perceived cognitive ability. PMID: 30409053 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 9, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Hansson I, Buratti S, Johansson B, Berg AI Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Perceived victimization risk, avoidance behavior, and health of community-dwelling older adults in urban China.
CONCLUSION: Study findings highlight the importance of addressing perceived victimization risk in encouraging social participation and mobility among older adults. PMID: 30409055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 9, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Qin N, Yan ECW, Lai DWL Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The fear of Alzheimer's disease: mediating effects of anxiety on subjective memory complaints.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine if the fear of developing Alzheimer's disease (FDAD) construct, in combination with similar psychoemotional factors, could help elucidate the nature of older adults' subjective memory complaints (SMCs) and subsequent objective memory performance. METHODS: One hundred ninety-three healthy older adults (aged 65-93) were administered clinician and self-report measures of depression, worry, anxiety, illness attitudes, and memory, and each rated their concern with developing AD. RESULTS: Self-reported FDAD was not associated with objective memory performance (p >&th...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 9, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Norman AL, Woodard JL, Calamari JE, Gross EZ, Pontarelli N, Socha J, DeJong B, Armstrong K Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Relationship of care staff attitudes with social well-being and challenging behavior of nursing home residents with dementia: a cross sectional study.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates a relationship between attitudes of care staff and resident well-being. The results indicate that it is important to address attitudes towards residents with dementia in the education of (future) care staff. Care processes may also be improved by focusing on the attitudes of care staff. In this way, the well-being of residents with dementia can potentially be improved as well. PMID: 30409022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 8, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Gerritsen DL, van Beek APA, Woods RT Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Personality traits and cognitive function in old-adults with type-2 diabetes.
CONCLUSION: Personality may play an important role in cognitive health among elderly subjects with T2D. Future studies should address the mechanisms underlying these relationships and specifically the potential role of depressive symptoms which may be in the causal pathway between personality traits and cognitive outcomes. PMID: 30406666 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 8, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Weinstein G, Elran Barak R, Schnaider Beeri M, Ravona-Springer R Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

How do inpatient psychiatric nurses make sense of and respond to behaviours in dementia? An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The study highlighted that sense making is a dynamic process, which occurs through a range of psychological processes and can change moment by moment dependent on the influences on the nurse. It demonstrated that nurses need to be supported to move flexibly through a range of emotional connections, which were found to underlie the negotiations made at work and influence sense making and responding. Nurses may benefit from space to reflect and formulate their understanding of clients, but further research is required to determine the effectiveness of this. PMID: 30406667 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 8, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Fatania V, De Boos D, Tickle A, Connelly D Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Is the association between social network types, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction mediated by the perceived availability of social support? A cross-sectional analysis using the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that restricted social networks that are reflective of social isolation, as well as those that are intermediate in terms of their diversity can create gaps in perceived social support and, consequently, can negatively impact mental health and life satisfaction. PMID: 30406668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 8, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Harasemiw O, Newall N, Mackenzie CS, Shooshtari S, Menec V Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Social factors relating to depression among older people in Japan: analysis of longitudinal panel data from the AGES project.
CONCLUSION: Overall, social interaction is important for preventing depression in Japan, and that the establishment of a system capable of promoting social interaction and providing care to the elderly during life events may be a useful social policy approach to preventing depression. PMID: 30406670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 8, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Misawa J, Kondo K Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Awareness of disease in Alzheimer's disease: what do patients realize about their own condition?
CONCLUSION: Our results underpin that most people with AD were able to provide their own subjective report of their experience of living with a disease. Participants' self-reports demonstrated the differences across domains, and this information may contribute to a better understanding of awareness of disease in AD. PMID: 30406679 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 8, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Emery Trindade PG, Santos RL, Lacerda IB, Johannessen A, Nascimento Dourado MC Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Mindfulness and psychoeducation to manage stress in amnestic mild cognitive impairment: A pilot study.
CONCLUSION: In sum, this pilot study supports the potential of MBI and PBI to reduce stress at the physiological and psychological level, respectively, and increase coping strategies in older adults at risk for AD. PMID: 30406681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 8, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Chouinard AM, Larouche E, Audet MC, Hudon C, Goulet S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Assimilative and accommodative coping in older adults with and without sensory impairment: four-year change and prospective relations with affective well-being.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that older adults with sensory impairments reveal trajectories of assimilative and accommodative coping and associations of TGP and FGA with affective well-being that are different from sensory unimpaired individuals. PMID: 30407084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 8, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Wettstein M, Wahl HW, Heyl V Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Mental health disorder, pain, and pain treatment among long-term care residents: Evidence from the Minimum Data Set 3.0.
CONCLUSION: Long-term care residents with mental health disorders experience disparities in pain and pain treatment that are not well-explained by their functioning deficits. They may benefit from more frequent, thorough pain assessments and from more varied and closely tailored pain treatment approaches. PMID: 30404536 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 7, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Brennan PL, Greenbaum MA, Lemke S, Schutte KK Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Preventing and responding to depression, self-harm, and suicide in older people living in long term care settings: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: We discuss the implications of these findings in the context of addressing mental health difficulties experienced by older people in residential care and future research in this area. PMID: 30392380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 4, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Gleeson H, Hafford-Letchfield T, Quaife M, Collins DA, Flynn A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Does loneliness 'get under the skin'? Associations of loneliness with subsequent change in inflammatory and metabolic markers.
CONCLUSIONS: The robust impact of loneliness on prospective changes for the worse in levels of various metabolic bio-markers that are closely associated with morbidity highlights the need for prevention, coping with, and reducing loneliness. PMID: 30380911 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Shiovitz-Ezra S, Parag O Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

A comparison of self and proxy quality of life ratings for people with dementia and their carers: a European prospective cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Both proxy-ratings and self-ratings of QoL should be interpreted with caution and in the context of each individual caregiving relationship. Different functional, psychosocial, relational and contextual factors influence self- and proxy-ratings, and both sets of factors should be considered in the context of QoL intervention development for the dyad. PMID: 30381955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - November 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: O'Shea E, Hopper L, Marques M, Gonçalves-Pereira M, Woods B, Jelley H, Verhey F, Kerpershoek L, Wolfs C, de Vugt M, Stephan A, Bieber A, Meyer G, Wimo A, Michelet M, Selbaek G, Portolani E, Zanetti O, Irving K, Actifcare Consortium Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The impact of social interactions and pain on daily positive and negative affect in adults with osteoarthritis of the knee.
This study utilized experience sampling methodology (ESM) to examine the relationship of social interactions with daily pain and mood symptoms in people with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Two hundred sixty-eight adults with physician-diagnosed OA of the knee underwent a baseline in-person interview and subsequent week-long ESM protocol to assess their daily activity patterns, pain, and mood via phone interview four times a day. A coding system was developed to assess presence and type of social interactions based on subject self-report of activity patterns. Multilevel modeling was used to examine between- and within-sub...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Rivera NV, Parmelee PA, Smith DM Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Typologies of older adult companion animal owners and non-owners: moving beyond the dichotomy.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Research on the influence of companion animals (CA) on the health of older adults has yielded contradictory results. Selection factors, leading to heterogeneity both between and within groups of CA owners and non-owners, likely bias results. We conduct analyses to identify typologies of owners and non-owners. METHODS: Using data on older adults (60+) from the 2012 Health and Retirement Study (HRS), and the HRS companion animal module, (owners = 478) and (non-owners = 624), we conducted latent class analyses (LCA). We used key demographic, health, daily engageme...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Carr DC, Taylor MG, Gee NR, Sachs-Ericsson NJ Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Disclosing psychiatric diagnosis to close others: a cultural framework based on older Latin@s participating in a depression trial in Los Angeles county.
CONCLUSION: Knowledge of Latin@ older adults' perspectives and experiences with depression disclosure can inform strategies to support older Latin@s facing the dilemma of disclosure. PMID: 30380332 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Fuentes D, Aranda MP Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Disability type, depression, and antidepressants use among older adults in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: Various forms of disability are strongly associated with depression in older adults. Antidepressants may be underutilized among older adults with certain impairments, including vision, hearing, and mobility. Future research needs should elucidate the mechanisms linking different disabilities to depression and aim to develop treatments tailored to the needs of older adults with disabilities. PMID: 30380333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Xiang X, An R, Kang SW, Stagg BC, Ehrlich JR Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Age cues in patients' descriptions influence treatment attitudes.
CONCLUSION: Mental health care providers' 'age bias' continues to be a problematic factor in psychotherapy with older adults. An "age-aware education" for psychotherapists is needed for better realizing the potentials of psychotherapy with older adults. PMID: 30380336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kessler EM, Blachetta C Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Lived experiences of chronic cognitive and mood symptoms among community-dwelling adults following stroke: a mixed-methods analysis.
CONCLUSION: Stroke survivors experienced cognitive and mood-related symptoms beyond one-year post stroke, which has implications for long-term assessment and management. Incorporation of continued symptom monitoring into existing community-based services is needed to address chronic cognitive and mood symptoms affecting the quality of life of persons with stroke. PMID: 30369243 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 27, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Pappadis MR, Krishnan S, Hay CC, Jones B, Sander AM, Weller SC, Reistetter TA Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Relationship between education, leisure activities, and cognitive functions in older adults.
This study aimed to reveal the relationship between life activities and cognitive function and to evaluate the interaction between education and various leisure activities in predicting cognitive function. Using a cross-sectional research design with retrospective data, a total of 210 healthy Korean older adults participated and reported their years of education, working, and lifelong leisure activities. Cognitive function was measured using the Mini Mental State Examination. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that education was positively associated with cognitive function, whereas working activity was not...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 23, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Park S, Choi B, Choi C, Kang JM, Lee JY Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Validation of the Thai version of the short Boston Naming Test (T-BNT) in patients with Alzheimer's dementia and mild cognitive impairment: clinical and biomarker correlates.
CONCLUSIONS: This study validated the 10T-BNT and the total score on this scale is strongly associated with AD, impairments in semantic and episodic memory and biomarkers, which are known to modify memory via different mechanisms. PMID: 30351202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 23, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Aniwattanapong D, Tangwongchai S, Supasitthumrong T, Hemrunroj S, Tunvirachaisakul C, Tawankanjanachot I, Chuchuen P, Snabboon T, Carvalho AF, Maes M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms predict increased social and emotional loneliness in older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Results challenge existing understanding of the associations between loneliness and depression. Further investigation of emotional and social loneliness in individuals with depressive disorders is warranted. Findings are discussed in relation to mechanisms that may explain the relationships observed, and possible implications. PMID: 30345800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 22, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: McHugh Power J, Hannigan C, Hyland P, Brennan S, Kee F, Lawlor BA Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Social network types, health, and well-being of older Asian Americans.
CONCLUSION: Unlike previous network studies, network types were shaped in the continuum of different social ties and subjective evaluation on strength of social ties. Certain ethnic groups were over-represented in specific network types. Such findings suggest the importance of understanding ethnic group variations in network vulnerabilities when considering interventions. PMID: 30345812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 22, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Park NS, Jang Y, Chiriboga DA, Chung S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Perceived ease of activity (but not strategy use) mediates the relationship between self-efficacy and activity engagement in midlife and older adults.
CONCLUSION: This study suggests that self-efficacy may influence older adults' perception of activities and, in turn, the activities they choose to participate in. This has potential implications for the development of interventions aimed at promoting activity engagement in later life. PMID: 30334457 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 18, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Curtis RG, Windsor TD Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Gender-stratified analyses reveal longitudinal associations between social support and cognitive decline in older men.
CONCLUSION: Contrary to previous research, results from this longitudinal study suggest that perceived support might be an important risk factor for cognitive decline, notably in males, and should be integrated into multifactorial risk assessment and intervention procedures. PMID: 30328696 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 17, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Pillemer S, Ayers E, Holtzer R Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Impact of informal caregiving on loneliness and satisfaction with leisure-time activities. Findings of a population-based longitudinal study in germany.
CONCLUSION: Data suggest that changes in informal caregiving were not associated with changes in loneliness. While the onset of informal caregiving was associated with an increase in the number of individuals in regular contact, it was associated with negative changes in satisfaction with leisure-time activities, emphasizing the variety of consequences that may unfold. PMID: 30328702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 17, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Hajek A, König HH Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Meta-analysis of psychosocial interventions for people with dementia and anxiety or depression.
CONCLUSION: The identified psychosocial interventions are effective at reducing symptoms of depression or anxiety in PWD experiencing these symptoms. This review is limited by the quality of studies, small sample sizes and the heterogeneity of the interventions, therefore high quality studies with larger sample sizes are required to test the efficacy of specific interventions such as CBT. PMID: 30328711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 17, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Noone D, Stott J, Aguirre E, Llanfear K, Spector A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 30317869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 13, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Memory training for adults with probable mild cognitive impairment: a pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Senior WISE Memory training delivered to individuals with MCI was able to forestall the participants' declining cognitive ability and sustain the benefit over two years in both subjective and objective memory function. PMID: 30303394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 10, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: McDougall GJ, McDonough IM, LaRocca M Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Assessing mechanisms of benefit in adult day programs: the adult day services process and use measures.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: A limitation of adult day service (ADS) research is that there remains little understanding of how these community-based long-term care programs operate to benefit clients or family caregivers (i.e. the process of ADS use). The purpose of this study was to validate the 'ADS Process and Use Measures' (APUM) which were developed to assess such mechanisms. METHOD: Participant observation and semi-structured interviews in two ADS settings resulted in qualitative data to inform a conceptual model, subscales, and Likert-scale items. Three experts in ADS research reviewed the initial 129-item ve...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 10, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Gaugler JE, Dykes K Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Associations of objective versus subjective social isolation with sleep disturbance, depression, and fatigue in community-dwelling older adults.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Older adults are at higher risk of experiencing social isolation, which has been linked to impaired physical and mental health. The link between social isolation and health might be due to objective deprivation of social network and/or subjective experience of loneliness. This community-based cross-sectional study examined whether the associations between social isolation and behavioral symptoms including sleep disturbance, depression, and fatigue are mostly explained by its subjective component. METHODS: Randomly selected 2541 community-dwelling individuals in Los Angeles aged ≥60 year...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 4, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cho JH, Olmstead R, Choi H, Carrillo C, Seeman TE, Irwin MR Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Validation of a computerized Hong Kong - vigilance and memory test (HK-VMT) to detect early cognitive impairment in healthy older adults.
The objectives were to validate HK-VMT to differentiate mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and healthy control (HC), and to explore the cut-off scores for different educational levels. METHOD: A total of 606 older adults underwent the HK-VMT and conventional cognitive tests. HK-VMT is a 15 minutes cognitive battery that assesses episodic memory, attention, and visuospatial ability. The HK-VMT total is the sum of accuracy of all subtests with a range of 0 to 40. Differences in socio-demographic and clinical characteristics between groups were explored. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to c...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - October 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Fung AW, Lam LCW Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: PMID: 30264574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 28, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Managing dementia in rural Nigeria: feasibility of cognitive stimulation therapy and exploration of clinical improvements.
CONCLUSIONS: CST appears to be feasible in this setting, although adaptation for low literacy levels, uncorrected visual and hearing impairment and work and social practices is needed. The clinical improvements seen were encouraging. PMID: 30246561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 24, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Olakehinde O, Adebiyi A, Siwoku A, Mkenda S, Paddick SM, Gray WK, Walker RW, Dotchin CL, Mushi D, Ogunniyi A Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Stress and verbal memory in patients with Alzheimer's disease: different role of cortisol and anxiety.
CONCLUSION: Cortisol levels and anxiety are differentially associated with memory performance in older adults. In general, the negative relationship between cortisol levels and memory observed in healthy elderly weakens in AD. However, moderate state anxiety levels seem to be associated with a better memory performance in AD patients and in healthy elderly. PMID: 30247066 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 24, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Gómez-Gallego M, Gómez-García J Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Pain inconsistency and sleep in mid to late-life: the role of depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that depression may be an important factor through which pain inconsistency influences sleep. Although further research is warranted, these preliminary findings suggest that intervening on both pain inconsistency and depression may be one way to improve sleep in older adults. PMID: 30215277 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - September 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ravyts SG, Dzierzewski JM, Grah SC, Buman MP, Aiken-Morgan AT, Giacobb PR, Roberts BL, Marsiske M, McCrae CS Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Flourishing despite a cancer diagnosis: factors associated with complete mental health in a nationally-representative sample of cancer patients aged 50 years and older.
CONCLUSIONS: Those with former cancer have comparable odds of CMH to those with no cancer history, suggesting a high level of resilience among cancer survivors. PMID: 30130417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - August 21, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Fuller-Thomson E, West KJ Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

The role of cognitive function and physical activity in physical decline in older adults across the cognitive spectrum.
DISCUSSION: Having MCI or dementia is associated with greater physical decline compared to CN older people. Physical inactivity and executive dysfunction were associated with physical decline in this sample, which included participants with MCI and dementia. Both factors influencing physical decline are potentially amenable to interventions e.g. exercise. PMID: 29798680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Taylor ME, Boripuntakul S, Toson B, Close JCT, Lord SR, Kochan NA, Sachdev PS, Brodaty H, Delbaere K Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Views and experiences of care home staff on managing behaviours that challenge in dementia: a national survey in England.
CONCLUSION: BtC are commonly and frequently experienced by care staff, who consider individual approaches, having time and good communication are key to successful management. PMID: 29798693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Aging and Mental Health)
Source: Aging and Mental Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mallon C, Krska J, Gammie S Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research