Eating human brains helped Papua New Guinea tribe resist disease, research shows
The cannibalistic practice helped the Fore tribe develop genetic resistance to a mad cow-like disease. This is useful for scientists studying diseases like dementiaResearch involving a former brain-eating tribe from Papua New Guinea is helping scientists better understand mad cow disease and other so-called prion conditions and may also offer insights into Parkinson’s and dementia. People of the Fore tribe, studied by scientists from Britain and Papua New Guinea, have developed genetic resistance to a mad cow-like disease called kuru, which was spread mostly by the now abandoned ritual of eating relatives’ brai...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 10, 2015 Category: Science Authors: Reuters Tags: Genetics Biology Science Dementia Papua New Guinea Mental health World news Source Type: news

Chimpanzees in west Africa observed indulging in habitual drinking
Inhabitants of forests in Bossou, south-eastern Guinea, enjoy rich, alcoholic brew fermented from sugary sapThe boozing starts from 7am. Though large amounts are often drunk, the sessions are orderly, even sociable. A skinful later, and always before nightfall, enough is enough and they rest.They are the chimpanzees of Bossou, south-eastern Guinea, and their secret is finally out. With 17 years of evidence in hand, scientists have declared the troop the first wild chimpanzees to indulge in regular, habitual drinking. Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 10, 2015 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample science editor Tags: Animal behaviour Biology Science Animals World news Guinea Africa Source Type: news

Guinea Bissau: Why Isn't Guinea-Bissau Prepared for Ebola?
[IRIN] Dakar/Bissau -The government of Guinea-Bissau has known for months about the risk of Ebola entering the country, but it hasn't done enough to prepare. Now there is a cluster of cases just across the border. Residents say it will be good fortune rather than good planning if an outbreak is avoided. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 3, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Ebola threat to Guinea Bissau rises as border zone heats up
DAKAR (Reuters) - Violent protests against Ebola controls in a north Guinea town have prompted the Red Cross to withdraw workers, undermining efforts to stop the spread of Ebola into neighboring Guinea Bissau. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - June 2, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Providing Pediatric Care in Guinea-Bissau
SlideshowProviding Pediatric Care in Guinea-Bissau May 29, 2015 Located in West Africa, Guinea-Bissau is at the bottom of the world development index. The country ranks 188th of 198 countries in the United Nations 2014 Human Development Report, and has an infant mortality rate of 116 per 1,000 children, which puts Guinea-Bissau among the 10 countries with the worst maternal and child health indicators in the world. (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - May 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Editorial Intern Source Type: news

Guinea: Red Cross Ambulance Driver and Ebola Survivor Vows to Continue the Fight in Guinea
[IFRC] As a group of people descends the stairs into the courtyard of the Red Cross Society of Guinea in Conakry, one man falls behind, helped painstakingly down each step by his wife. Michel Camara's gait is slow and measured, his eyes half shut, and he seems much older than his 48 years. He knows he is lucky to be alive and that he has come a long way in the last two months. "A very long way," he says smiling. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 29, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Pediatrics in Guinea-Bissau: “Simple Diarrhea Can Become a Deadly Disease”
Voice from the FieldPediatrics in Guinea-Bissau: “Simple Diarrhea Can Become a Deadly Disease” May 28, 2015 In November 2014, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) launched a pediatric project in the region of Bafatá in central Guinea-Bissau. With an infant mortality rate of 116 per 1,000 children, Guinea-Bissau is among the 10 countries with the worst maternal and child health indicators in the world. Here, Isabel Grovas, the MSF medical coordinator in charge of opening the project, discusses the situation. (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - May 28, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Editorial Intern Source Type: news

Guinea: Why Ebola Is Spiking in Guinea
[Ebola Deeply] As cases surge in western Guinea, threatening to undermine recent progress in the response effort, Ebola Deeply's Amadou Touré traveled to Forécariah  - one of the worst-hit areas in the region. He sat down with Dr. Sakoba Keita, Guinea's National Ebola Response Co-ordinator, for an in-depth interview about the spike in cases, the role of taxi drivers in halting Ebola, and lessons learned from Liberia. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 25, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

West Africa: UN Health Agency Responds to Ebola Spike By Deploying Team On Guinea-Guinea Bissau Border
[UN News] The World Health Organization (WHO) today reported "a substantial increase" in the weekly total of new Ebola cases in Guinea and Sierra Leone and deployed a response team to the border with Guinea Bissau because of its proximity to a recent cluster of cases in a neighbouring Guinean prefecture. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 21, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

UN health agency responds to Ebola spike by deploying team on border of Guinea and Guinea-Bissau
The World Health Organization (WHO) today reported “a substantial increase” in the weekly total of new Ebola cases in Guinea and Sierra Leone and deployed a response team to the border with Guinea-Bissau because of its proximity to a recent cluster of cases in a neighbouring Guinean prefecture. (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - May 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Guinea: The Pain of the New Normal - Guinea After Ebola
[IRIN] Gueckedou -"Life is back to normal, but everything has changed," said 30-year-old Yawa Keterine Camara as she slowly stirred a boiling cauldron of sauce outside her mud-brick home in southeastern Guinea. "I live again like before, but nothing is quite the same." (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 14, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: Guinea Ebola Diary - In the Land of Lost Handshakes
[IRIN] IRIN's West Africa editor Jennifer Lazuta recently spent eight days in Guinea, travelling in and around the town of Gueckedou in the heart of the country's Forest Region, where the Ebola outbreak is believed to have begun in December 2013. She shares some impressions from the field. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 4, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: Vaccination Teams Defeat 'Ebola Effect' in Guinea
[IRIN] Gueckedou -The odds were stacked against Guinea's vaccination teams. The initial side effects of the measles vaccine can easily be mistaken for the first symptoms of hemorraghic fever and a false rumour had spread blaming the distribution of deworming pills in late 2013 for bringing Ebola into the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 30, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: A Conversation With Dr. Mory Togba in Kindia, Guinea
[Ebola Deeply] Dr. Mory Togba is the director of health services in Guinea's Kindia district, close to the epicenter of the outbreak. Amadou Tour\u00e9 traveled to Kindia to meet him, to hear how the response there is going. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 28, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: Enhanced Community Engagement Helps Reduce Attacks On Red Cross Volunteers in Guinea
[IFRC] Conakry -Enhanced face-to-face communication when educating communities in Guinea about the Ebola virus disease is helping to drastically reduce resistance and animosity towards its volunteers, says the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: Letter From Conakry - 'In Guinea, the Road to Zero Is More Like a Rollercoaster'
[Ebola Deeply] Great strides have been made in tackling the spread of the virus in Liberia and Sierra Leone, but Guinea still lags behind. The outbreak began here in December 2013, and it seems increasingly likely that it is here it will end. From Conakry, Ebola Deeply's Tamba Oulare shares his snapshot of the situation. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 13, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

World Briefing: Guinea: Border Closed Over Ebola Fears
Guinea closed its border with Sierra Leone on Monday as part of new efforts to stamp out Ebola, an official said. (Source: NYT)
Source: NYT - March 31, 2015 Category: American Health Authors: THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tags: Liberia Guinea Ebola Virus Sierra Leone Source Type: news

World Briefing: Guinea: Border Closed Over Ebola Fears
Guinea closed its border with Sierra Leone on Monday as part of new efforts to stamp out Ebola, an official said. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - March 31, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tags: Liberia Guinea Ebola Virus Sierra Leone Source Type: news

Guinea declares Ebola 'emergency'
Guinean President Alpha Conde has declared a 45-day "health emergency" in five regions in the west and southwest of the Ebola-hit nation. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - March 29, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Guinea president announces new emergency measures in Ebola fight
CONAKRY (Reuters) - Guinea's President Alpha Conde announced on Saturday new emergency measures enabling authorities to restrict movements in western Guinea where Ebola transmission continues a year after the epidemic was declared. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - March 29, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Guinea: One Year On - Why Ebola Is Not Yet Over in Guinea
[IRIN] Conakry/Dakar -The Ebola outbreak, which was first declared by Guinea's Ministry of Health on the evening of 22 March 2014, continues to ravage the country, in large part because information campaigns have failed to bring about comprehensive changes in behavior and beliefs. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 24, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: The Determination of a Red Cross Volunteer to Rid Guinea of Ebola, Despite Being Stigmatized
[IFRC] Siaka Tounkara is a long-time volunteer with the Red Cross Society of Guinea. When Ebola came to Guinea, he felt an obligation to join the Safe and Dignified Burial team. Despite being ostracized and discriminated against, Siaka continues to volunteer his time to help rid his country of the deadly disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 23, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: Why is Ebola Spiking in Guinea?
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] Dakar -The latest spike in Guinea's Ebola cases could be a sign that aid teams are at last gaining access to hidden patients, rather than a surge of new cases, a senior World Health Organisation (WHO) official said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 21, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: Highest Weekly Ebola Case Total Recorded - UN Data
[UN News] The United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) has reported the highest weekly number of Ebola cases in Guinea so far this year and noted that while transmission was confined to a narrow geographically contiguous arc straddling the capitals of Guinea and Sierra Leone, the population is highly mobile, thus creating a challenge "to prevent the seeding of new outbreaks." (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 20, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea reports highest weekly Ebola case total so far this year, new UN data shows
The United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) has reported the highest weekly number of Ebola cases in Guinea so far this year and noted that while transmission was confined to a narrow geographically contiguous arc straddling the capitals of Guinea and Sierra Leone, the population is highly mobile, thus creating a challenge “to prevent the seeding of new outbreaks.” (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - March 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

World Briefing: Ebola Cases Increase in Guinea
The World Health Organization said Wednesday that 95 new cases of Ebola had been confirmed in Guinea in the week that ended last Sunday, the highest weekly total for that country so far this year. (Source: NYT)
Source: NYT - March 19, 2015 Category: American Health Authors: RICK GLADSTONE Tags: Epidemics Guinea Ebola Virus World Health Organization Source Type: news

World Briefing: Ebola Cases Increase in Guinea
The World Health Organization said Wednesday that 95 new cases of Ebola had been confirmed in Guinea in the week that ended last Sunday, the highest weekly total for that country so far this year. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - March 19, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: RICK GLADSTONE Tags: Epidemics Guinea Ebola Virus World Health Organization Source Type: news

Ebola vaccine efficacy trial ready to launch in Guinea
Based on promising data from initial clinical trials in late 2014, WHO with the Health Ministry of Guinea, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Epicentre and The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), will launch a Phase III trial in Guinea on 7 March to test the VSV-EBOV vaccine for efficacy and effectiveness to prevent Ebola. The vaccine was developed by the Public Health Agency of Canada. A second vaccine will be tested in a sequential study, as supply becomes available. “We have worked hard to reach this point,” said WHO Director-General, Dr Margaret Chan. “There has been massive mobil...
Source: WHO news - March 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: ebola [subject], ebola haemhorragic fever, ebola virus, ebola fever, ebola virus disease, ebola [subject], ebola haemhorragic fever, ebola virus, ebola fever, ebola virus disease, ebola [subject], ebola haemhorragic fever, ebola virus, ebola fever, ebola Source Type: news

West Africa: Hunger and Frustration Grow At Ebola Ground Zero in Guinea
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] Meliandou, Guinea -A charred kapok tree and around a dozen graves scattered amongst the mud brick houses of Meliandou are painful reminders of the toll Ebola has taken on this village in southeast Guinea. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 4, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Hunger and frustration grow at Ebola ground zero in Guinea
MELIANDOU, Guinea (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A charred kapok tree and around a dozen graves scattered amongst the mud brick houses of Meliandou are painful reminders of the toll Ebola has taken on this village in southeast Guinea. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - March 3, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Liberia: Guinea Turns Away Liberians
[New Dawn]Nimba -Guinean authorities are maintaining borders closure with Liberia despite President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf's last week pronouncement of borders re-opening. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 3, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Africa's medicine men key to halting Ebola spread in Guinea
MACENTA, Guinea (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - In a land where witchcraft is sought after more than science for curing illness, medicine men in Guinea say the Ebola epidemic would be over by now if they had been properly included in the outbreak response. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - March 2, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Guinea's Conde replaces key minister to boost Ebola fight
CONAKRY (Reuters) - Guinean President Alpha Conde on Tuesday replaced the minister of territorial administration with an army general in a move the government said was necessary to strengthen the fight against an Ebola outbreak in the West African nation. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 26, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Ebola endemic in west Africa remains a risk, scientists warn
Virus still present in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia after more than a year, causing concern among health expertsScientists are warning of a real risk that the Ebola virus disease could become endemic in west Africa if efforts to end the epidemic slacken as the number of cases falls.All previous outbreaks of Ebola were stamped out within months and the virus disappeared from the human population each time. Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, however, have been in the grip of the virus for more than a year. While the numbers of cases dropped dramatically in December and early January, they have now plateaued and there are ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Science Authors: Sarah Boseley, health editor Tags: Ebola Africa Sierra Leone Guinea Liberia Science Medical research World news Health Source Type: news

Guinea: First Ebola Survivors Talk of Hope and Despair
[Thomson Reuters Foundation]Gueckedou, Guinea -Lying in an Ebola treatment centre in southeast Guinea, hidden behind thick plastic sheets and surrounded by nurses in yellow protective suits, Rose Komano feared she would not survive the virus that had robbed her of so many loved ones. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 25, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

First Ebola survivors talk of hope and despair in Guinea
GUECKEDOU, Guinea (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Lying in an Ebola treatment center in southeast Guinea, hidden behind thick plastic sheets and surrounded by nurses in yellow protective suits, Rose Komano feared she would not survive the virus that had robbed her of so many loved ones. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 24, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Guinea: A Conversation With Dr. Fatou Mbow - What Next for Guinea?
[Ebola Deeply]Dr. Fatou Mbow is a Senegalese medical doctor and a consultant with Save the Children in Guinea, focusing on community response and covering health and education. She has previously worked as a technical advisor on the Ebola outbreak in Guinea. Ebola Deeply spoke with her about the Ebola response there, and the situation on the ground. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 24, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: Parents Take Children Out of School in Guinea Over Ebola Fears - Red Cross
[Thomson Reuters Foundation]Conakry -Parents have taken their children out of school in some parts of the Guinean capital this week, less than a month after schools reopened, because of fears the Red Cross is spreading the Ebola virus on campus, the humanitarian agency said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 16, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Parents take children out of school in Guinea over Ebola fears: Red Cross
CONAKRY (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Parents have taken their children out of school in some parts of the Guinean capital this week, less than a month after schools reopened, because of fears the Red Cross is spreading the Ebola virus on campus, the humanitarian agency said. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 13, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Guinea: Ebola-Hit Guinea Asks for Funds for Creaking Health Sector - TRFN
[Thomson Reuters Foundation]Conakry -International donors wishing to help Guinea fight Ebola should use their money to strengthen the West African country's health system and help it tackle future epidemics instead of building more Ebola treatment centres, a government official said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 13, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Mistrust and Machetes Thwart Efforts to Contain Ebola in GuineaMistrust and Machetes Thwart Efforts to Contain Ebola in Guinea
When Red Cross pickups crawl through the streets of the Guinean town of Lola in search of Ebola victims, crowds of women gather to shoo the medical workers away, young boys throw stones and angry men reach for their machetes. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - February 10, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Mistrust and machetes thwart efforts to contain Ebola in Guinea
LOLA, Guinea (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When Red Cross pickups crawl through the streets of the Guinean town of Lola in search of Ebola victims, crowds of women gather to shoo the medical workers away, young boys throw stones and angry men reach for their machetes. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 10, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Liberia: Guinea's President Alpha Conde Pays Solidarity Visit to Liberia
[FrontPageAfrica]Monrovia -The President of the Republic of Guinean and Chairman of the Mano River Union (MRU), His Excellency Professor Alpha Conde arrives in Liberia Tuesday, February 10, 2015 for a one-day Solidarity Visit. President Conde heads a 13-member delegation that includes the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Health and Deputy Minister for Budget. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 10, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea: Guinea's Muslim Clerics Call for End to FGM to Help Stop Ebola
[Thomson Reuters Foundation]Gueckedou, Guinea -Muslim leaders in Guinea have called on families to end the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) to prevent the spread of the deadly Ebola virus. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 9, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Guinea Ebola infections double as hidden cases discovered
CONAKRY (Reuters) - The number of people sick with Ebola fever has doubled in Guinea in the past week following the discovery of cases previously unknown to health authorities, a Guinea health official said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 6, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

West Africa: Regional Preparedness - Could Guinea-Bissau Handle Ebola?
[Ebola Deeply]The Ebola outbreak may be waning in West Africa, but just one case in a country with a brittle health structure could cause a surge in infections. Ebola Deeply went behind the scenes in Guinea-Bissau, which shares a border with Guinea, to learn about the level of preparedness there. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 2, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Ghana/Guinea: Guinea Overcome Ebola Stigma to Shine at Afcon
[allAfrica]Guinea have overcome a lot to reach the quarter-finals of the African Nations Cup, so much in fact that they might feel it is written in the stars that they should advance to this year's final. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 31, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

The Ebola Virus Is Mutating, Say Scientists
Scientists at a French research institute say the Ebola virus has mutated and they are studying whether it may have become more contagious. Researchers at the Institut Pasteur are analyzing hundreds of blood samples from Guinean Ebola patients in an effort to determine if the new variation poses a higher risk of transmission, according to the BBC. “We’ve now seen several cases that don’t have any symptoms at all, asymptomatic cases,” said human geneticist Dr. Anavaj Sakuntabhai. “These people may be the people who can spread the virus better, but we still don’t know that yet. A virus can...
Source: TIME: Top Science and Health Stories - January 29, 2015 Category: Science Authors: kivac23 Tags: Uncategorized Disease ebola Guinea health Liberia mutation public health researchers Sierra Leone vaccine Virus Source Type: news

Guinea: Community Police Help Stop Ebola in Guinea
[UNDP]Conakry, Guinea -As Guinea looks towards recovery from the Ebola epidemic, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is training hundreds of community police officers to help keep case numbers down and prevent future outbreaks. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 27, 2015 Category: African Health Source Type: news

This Species is Close to Extinction and That’s a Good Thing
This article originally appeared on World Science Festival. (Source: TIME.com: Top Science and Health Stories)
Source: TIME.com: Top Science and Health Stories - January 23, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jennifer So Tags: Uncategorized carter center carter center guinea worm global health Jimmy Carter parasites WHO World World Health Organization Source Type: news