Quantification of liver function using gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI

AbstractThe introduction of hepatobiliary contrast agents, most notably gadoxetic acid (GA), has expanded the role of MRI, allowing not only a morphologic but also a functional evaluation of the hepatobiliary system. The mechanism of uptake and excretion of gadoxetic acid via transporters, such as organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATP1,3), multidrug resistance-associated protein 2  (MRP2) and MRP3, has been elucidated in the literature. Furthermore, GA uptake can be estimated on either static images or on dynamic imaging, for example, the hepatic extraction fraction (HEF) and liver perfusion. GA-enhanced MRI has achieved an important role in evaluating morphology and functio n in chronic liver diseases (CLD), allowing to distinguish between the two subgroups of nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD), simple steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and help to stage fibrosis and cirrhosis, predict liver transplant graft survival, and preoperatively evaluate the risk of liver failure if major resection is planned. Finally, because of its noninvasive nature, GA-enhanced MRI can be used for long-term follow-up and post-treatment monitoring. This review article aims to describe the current role of GA-enhanced MRI in quantifying liver function in a variety of hepatobiliary disorders.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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