Genetic Basis of Attenuation of Cold-Adapted Influenza Strain B/Leningrad/14/17/55 — Backup Master Donor Virus for Influenza Type B Live Attenuated Vaccines

The reassortant vaccine strain of live attenuated influenza vaccine inherits temperature sensitivity and areactogenicity from cold-adapted attenuated master donor virus. In Russia, B/ USSR/60/69 master donor virus (B60) is currently in use for the preparation of live attenuated type B influenza vaccine candidates. Trivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine based on A/ Leningrad/134/17/57 and B60 are licensed for the use in Russia for single dose vaccination of adults and children over 3 years. B/Leningrad/14/17/55 (B14) cold-adapted virus is a backup master donor virus for live attenuated type B influenza vaccine. According to our preliminary estimates, it is more attenuated than B60, which can allow expanding applicability of this vaccine for children under 3 years of age. In this paper, the role of B14 genes in its attenuation was assessed. Representative collection of reassortants of B14 with epidemic influenza B viruses was obtained, a phenotypic analysis of reassortants was performed, and their pathogenicity for animals was assessed. The leading role of PB2 and PA genes in attenuation of B14 master donor virus was proven.
Source: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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