Green tea extract combined with exercise reduces fatty liver disease in mice

(Penn State) The combination of green tea extract and exercise reduced the severity of obesity-related fatty liver disease by 75% in mice fed a high-fat diet, according to Penn State researchers, whose recent study may point to a potential health strategy for people.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that GDLP against T2DM-induced hepatic steatosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation by improving the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in db/db mice, suggesting the GDLP may serve as an effective strategy for in fatty liver treatment. PMID: 32245940 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
In this study, we have revealed that mice fed CDAHFD showed significantly lowerd serum total cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) levels, in addition to reduced body weight (BW). Furthermore, hepatic microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) expression was significantly downregulated in CDAHFD-fed mice. Thus, the current CDAHFD-fed mouse model has points that are distinct from human NAFLD/NASH, in general, which is based upon abdominal obesity. PMID: 32238704 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
Condition:   Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Interventions:   Drug: Metabolic Cofactor Supplementation;   Drug: Sorbitol Sponsors:   ScandiBio Therapeutics AB;   Koç University;   Koç University Hospital;   Göteborg University;   Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden;   KTH Royal Institute of Technology;   University of Helsinki;   Helsinki University Central Hospital;   Monitor CRO Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: The prevalence of suspected NAFLD continues to increase in Korean adolescents.Abbreviations: ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; KNHANES, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. PMID: 32223545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research
AbstractUrsodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is a secondary bile acid that is used to treat primary biliary cholangitis. Although UDCA has a hepatoprotective effect in some diseases, its benefit in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains controversial. We aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of UDCA in overweight subjects with elevated liver enzymes after multiple administrations of UDCA and compare these changes with vitamin E treatment. Overweight subjects (body mass index, 25 ‐30 kg/m2) with elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level (40 ‐200 IU/L) were enrolled. Subject...
Source: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research
We present an up-to-date systematic review of the current literature regarding the safety in artificial and natural sweeteners use as a means of weight loss or diabetes control.Expert opinion: Natural sweeteners have not been associated directly with NAFLD, and on the contrary, some, such as stevia, and trehalose, may have a protective effect. Rare sugars and polyols can be used safely and have significant benefits that include anti-oxidant effect and optimal glycemic control. Artificial sweeteners, due to their effect on NAFLD development and insulin resistance, are not indicated in patients with obesity or diabetes. Furt...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionInsulin resistance (IR) plays a central role in pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aim of this study was to correlate histopathological grading and IR in overweight/obese patients with NASH as compared with lean NASH.MethodsPatients with NASH who underwent liver biopsy between January 2012 and December 2012 were included. Anthropometric, clinical, and biochemical features, necro-inflammatory grades, and fibrosis stage on liver biopsies were scored according to Brunt and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) activity score (NAS).ResultsOf 42 patients, 33 (78.6%) had body mass in...
Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Abstract Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory arthropathy frequently associated with psoriasis and several other comorbidities. The goal of this review is to summarize the available evidence on the epidemiology, clinical implications, pathological mechanisms proposed, and screening and management recommendations for the comorbidities related with PsA. Reported comorbidities include cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, inflammatory bowel disease, fatty liver disease, uveitis, kidney disease, infections, osteoporosis, depression, central sensitization syndrome, and ...
Source: Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Immunol Source Type: research
High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity is a risk factor for many metabolic disorders including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and fatty liver disease. Although there are accumulating evidences supporting the assumption that regulating gut microbiota as well as its metabolic status is able to mitigate obesity, the inner relationship between the obesity-related gut microbiota and the relevant metabolites are not well defined. In current study, we applied a traditional herbal formula Kang Shuai Lao Pian (KSLP) to HFD-fed mice and evaluated its effect against obesity. Emphases were addressed on identifying profiles of gut mic...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 March 2020Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Helda Tutunchi, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Maryam Saghafi-Asl, Mohammad-Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Abolhasan Shakeri, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Neda Roshanravan, Nazila Farrin, Mohammad Naemi, Milad Hasankhani
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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