More than 2 million patients with heart disease report use of marijuana
(Brigham and Women's Hospital) Observational studies have linked marijuana use to a range of cardiovascular risks, including stroke, arrhythmia and diseases that make it hard for the heart muscle to pump properly. The investigators encourage physicians to ask their patients about marijuana use, which can interfere with other medications that a cardiology patient might be prescribed. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New research could reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death
(University of Bristol) New research has shown that by changing the time course of voltage change early in action potential it is possible to both withhold a potentially lethal electrical disturbance and improve the strength of cardiac contraction in heart failure at the same time. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Belly fat linked with repeat heart attacks
(European Society of Cardiology) Heart attack survivors who carry excess fat around their waist are at increased risk of another heart attack, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Look what's inside: Full-body movies from EXPLORER scanner
(University of California - Davis) Positron Emission Tomography, or PET scanning, a technique for tracing metabolic processes in the body, has been widely applied in clinical diagnosis and research spanning physiology, biochemistry and pharmacology. Now researchers at UC Davis and Fudan University, Shanghai have shown how to use an advanced reconstruction method with an ultrasensitive total-body PET scanner to capture real-time videos of blood flow and heart function. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Health of poor Brits worse than that of those born a century ago
(BMJ) The self-reported health of poor Brits is worse than that of people born a century ago, suggests a large nationally representative study of more than 200,000 working-age people, published online in the Journal of Epidemiology& Community Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sperm donation to strangers after death should be allowed in the UK, say ethicists
(BMJ) Men in the UK should be allowed to voluntarily donate their sperm after death, if they want to, argue ethicists in an analysis published online in the Journal of Medical Ethics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Medicinal cannabis may not ease sleep problems in the long run
(BMJ) Medicinal cannabis might not ease sleep problems in people with chronic pain over the long term, because frequent users might build up tolerance to its sleep-inducing effects, suggests preliminary research published online in BMJ Supportive& Palliative Care. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Research suggests potential link between marijuana and heart risks
(American College of Cardiology) As more states legalize marijuana for both medicinal and recreational use and use increases nationwide, cardiologists should advise patients about the potential risks, including effects of marijuana with some commonly prescribed cardiovascular medications, according to a research review published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

America's largest medical specialty society endorses single-payer Medicare for All
(Physicians for a National Health Program) Physicians for a National Health Program (PNHP) today welcomed the American College of Physicians' (ACP) endorsement of single-payer Medicare for All. The ACP, a national organization of 159,000 internists, is the largest medical specialty society and second-largest physician group in the US after the American Medical Association (AMA). The historic endorsement coincides with the publication of an open letter signed by more than 2,000 physicians 'prescribing' Medicare for All. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Big gains in bone marrow transplant survival since mid-2000s
(Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center) A bone marrow transplant can be a lifesaving treatment, but it can come with life-threatening risks. The encouraging news for patients: Those risks have been plummeting for years. The overall risk of death after transplant dropped 34% between 2003-2007 and 2013-2017, according to an analysis published in the Jan. 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

An estimated 2 million people with heart disease have used marijuana, finds study
(Columbia University Irving Medical Center) A new study estimates that more than 2 million Americans with heart disease have used marijuana, but the cardiovascular effects of the drug are not fully understood. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Combined prenatal smoking and drinking greatly increases SIDS risk
(NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) Children born to mothers who both drank and smoked beyond the first trimester of pregnancy have a 12-fold increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) compared to those unexposed or only exposed in the first trimester of pregnancy, according to a new study supported by the National Institutes of Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Nearly 9 in 10 parents say teens spend too much time gaming
(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) Eighty-six percent of parents agree that teens spend too much time gaming, but many may be mistaken about the extent of their own child's video game habits, a new national poll suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Prolonged breath-holding could help radiotherapy treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
(University of Birmingham) A technique that enables patients suffering from heart conditions to hold their breath safely for over five minutes could have potential as part of a new treatment for cardiac arrhythmias, say researchers at the University of Birmingham. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Racial disparities in drug prescriptions for dementia
(University College London) Disparities in drug prescribing suggest that black and Asian people with dementia are not receiving the same quality of care as their white peers, according to a new UCL-led study in the UK, published in Clinical Epidemiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Strongly 'handed' squirrels less good at learning
(University of Exeter) Squirrels that strongly favour their left or right side are less good at learning, new research suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Becoming less active and gaining weight: Downsides of becoming an adult
(University of Cambridge) Leaving school and getting a job both lead to a drop in the amount of physical activity, while becoming a mother is linked to increased weight gain, conclude two reviews published today and led by researchers at the University of Cambridge. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study quashes controversial vitamin C treatment for sepsis with global trial
(Monash University) A paper published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association by Monash researchers comprehensively quashes the idea that the vitamin C-based cocktail has any positive impact on patients with sepsis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Internet use reduces study skills in university students
(Swansea University) Research conducted at Swansea University and the University of Milan has shown that students who use digital technology excessively are less motivated to engage with their studies, and are more anxious about tests. This effect was made worse by the increased feelings of loneliness that use of digital technology produced. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Psychedelic drugs could help treat PTSD
(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) Clinical trials suggest treatment that involves psychedelics can be more effective than psychotherapy alone. More than three million people in the United States are diagnosed each year with post-traumatic stress disorder, whose symptoms include nightmares or unwanted memories of trauma, heightened reactions, anxieties, and depression--and can last months, or even years. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Violence and adversity in early life can alter the brain
(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) But social supports can reduce the negative effects of childhood stress. Childhood adversity is a significant problem in the US, particularly for children growing up in poverty. Those who experience poverty have a much higher risk of being exposed to violence and suffering from a lack of social support, which can have long-term consequences including higher rates of diabetes, cancer, and other diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

It takes more than two to tango: Microbial communities influence animal sex and reproduction
(Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)) It is an awkward idea, but a couple's ability to have kids may partly depend on who else is present. The reproductive tracts of males and females contain whole communities of micro-organisms. These microbes can have considerable impact on (animal) fertility and reproduction, as shown by Melissah Rowe, from the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), and co-authors this week with an extensive overview in Trends in Ecology& Evolution. It may even lead to new species. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Research shows real risks associated with cannabis exposure during pregnancy
(University of Western Ontario) A new study from researchers at Western University and Queen's University is the first to definitively show that regular exposure to THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, during pregnancy has significant impact on placental and fetal development. With more than a year since the legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada, the effects of its use during pregnancy are only now beginning to be understood. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: Neuron found in mice could have implications for effective diet drugs
(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) A CALCR cell found in mice may stop feeding without subsequential nauseating effects, as well as influence the long term intake of food. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study: Critical care improvements may differ depending on hospital's patient population
(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) A new study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center reveals that while critical care outcomes in ICUs steadily improved over a decade at hospitals with few minority patients, ICUs with a more diverse patient population did not progress comparably. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Media alert: The Allied Genetics Conference (TAGC) 2020
(Genetics Society of America) Reporters are invited to attend The Allied Genetics Conference (TAGC), to be held April 22-26, 2020 in National Harbor, Maryland, just 30 minutes from downtown Washington DC. TAGC 2020 will feature the latest discoveries from researchers at the leading edge of what is possible in the biological and biomedical sciences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Human fetal lungs harbor a microbiome signature
(University of Alabama at Birmingham) The lungs and placentas of fetuses in the womb -- as young as 11 weeks after conception -- already show a bacterial microbiome signature, which suggests that bacteria may colonize the lungs well before birth. This first-time finding deepens the mystery of how the microbes or microbial products reach those organs before birth and what role they play in normal lung and immune system development. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Scurvy is still a thing in Canada
(McMaster University) McMaster University researchers surveyed the data of patients of Hamilton's two hospital systems over nine years and found 52 with low Vitamin C levels. This included 13 patients who could be diagnosed as having scurvy, and an additional 39 who tested positive for scurvy but did not have documented symptoms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Male sparrows are less intimidated by the songs of aging rivals
(Duke University) Few singers reach their sunset years with the same voice they had in younger days. Songbirds are no different. New research reveals that elderly swamp sparrows don't sound quite like they used to -- nor do they strike the same fear in other males who may be listening in. Humans are remarkably good at guessing a person's age by their voice. But this is the first time the phenomenon has been demonstrated in wild animals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Cheap drug may alleviate treatment-resistance in leukemia
(Karolinska Institutet) A common and inexpensive drug may be used to counteract treatment resistance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), one of the most common forms of blood cancer. This is the conclusion of a study in mice and human blood cells performed at Karolinska Institutet and SciLifeLab and published in the medical journal EMBO Molecular Medicine. The researchers will now launch a clinical study to test the new combination treatment in patients. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

VITAMINS trial report on vitamin C, hydrocortisone, thiamine for septic shock
(JAMA Network) In this   randomized clinical trial of about 200 patients with septic shock, combination treatment with intravenous vitamin C, hydrocortisone and thiamine compared with intravenous hydrocortisone alone didn't significantly improve the amount of time patients were alive and free of medicines that raise blood pressure (vasopressors) over seven days. The study findings are being released to coincide with presentation at the Critical Care Reviews Meeting 2020 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

PEPTIC trial comparing strategies to prevent stress ulcers in ICU patients needing mechanical ventilation
(JAMA Network) Researchers report on a   randomized clinical trial that compared two strategies (proton pump inhibitors vs. histamine-2 receptor blockers) to prevent   stress ulcers among adult patients in intensive care units who needed mechanical ventilation. The trial was conducted at 50 ICUs in five countries to compare in-hospital death rates using the two strategies. The study is being released to coincide with presentation at the Critical Care Reviews Meeting 2020 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Green in tooth and claw
(Washington University in St. Louis) Hard plant foods may have made up a larger part of early human ancestors' diet than currently presumed, according to a new experimental study of modern tooth enamel from Washington University in St. Louis. The results have implications for reconstructing diet, and for our interpretation of the fossil record of human evolution, researchers said. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Long term risks cast further doubt on the use of Viagra for foetal therapy
(University of Manchester) University of Manchester scientists investigating a possible treatment for foetal growth restriction (FGR), a condition in which babies grow poorly in the womb, have urged further caution on the use of Viagra.The drug, commonly used to treat erectile dysfunction, as it enhances blood flow - has been undergoing trials as a potential treatment for FGR. However, in a recent study in mice, Viagra showed no improvement in foetal growth but did result in high blood pressure in the pups as they reached maturity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

America's most widely consumed oil causes genetic changes in the brain
(University of California - Riverside) New UC Riverside research shows soybean oil not only leads to obesity and diabetes, but could also affect neurological conditions like autism, Alzheimer's disease, anxiety, and depression. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A wearable gas sensor for health and environmental monitoring
(Penn State) A highly sensitive, wearable gas sensor for environmental and human health monitoring may soon become commercially available, according to researchers at Penn State and Northeastern University. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Niels Geijsen appointed new co-editor-in-chief of StemJournal
(IOS Press) StemJournal is pleased to announce the expansion of its editorial leadership with the appointment of Niels Geijsen, Ph.D., as new Co-Editor-in-Chief. Niels joins Chad Cowan, Ph.D., who has served as Editor-in-Chief since the journal launched at the beginning of 2019. Together they will guide the development of this open access, peer-reviewed journal in its mission to provide cutting-edge, high quality content to the global stem cell research community. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Walnuts may be good for the gut and help promote heart health
(Penn State) Researchers found that eating walnuts daily as part of a healthy diet was associated with increases in certain bacteria that can help promote health. Additionally, those changes in gut bacteria were associated with improvements in some risk factors for heart disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Research shows that older patients with untreated sleep apnea need greater medical care
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common and costly medical Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) found that the medical costs are substantially higher among older adults who go untreated for obstructive sleep apnea. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

January Alzheimer's & Dementia highlights: Sleep, race/ethnicity, artificial intelligence
(Alzheimer's Association) Phase 3 drug trial results on improving sleep for persons living with Alzheimer's disease. The US Hispanic/Latino population is predicted to have the largest increase in Alzheimer's and all dementia by mid-century. Artificial intelligence may help with early detection of dementia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Less active infants had greater fat accumulation, study finds
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) Less physical activity for infants below one year of age may lead to more fat accumulation which in turn may predispose them to obesity later in life, suggests a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

'Living fossil' may upend basic tenet of evolutionary theory
(University of California - San Francisco) A UC San Francisco-led research team has discovered the first conclusive evidence that selection may also occur at the level of the epigenome -- a term that refers to an assortment of chemical " annotations " to the genome that determine whether, when and to what extent genes are activated -- and has done so for tens of millions of years. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mortality rate is cut in half by a lung rescue team at Massachusetts General
(Massachusetts General Hospital) A specialized Lung Rescue Team established to evaluate and treat patients with obesity receiving mechanical ventilation due to acute respiratory failure has significantly reduced the risk of mortality (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study unravels new insights into a Parkinson's disease protein
(University at Buffalo) The new study explores alpha-synuclein's basic properties, with a focus on a section of the protein known as the non-amyloidal component (NAC). The research was done on fruit fly larvae that were genetically engineered to produce both normal and mutated forms of human alpha-synuclein. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Banking on a new community isotope database
(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Tens of thousands of researchers use isotope analysis in their work. However, until recently, no central data repository existed. A $1.5 million, three-year grant from the National Science Foundation is supporting the development of IsoBank -- a digital archive of data and analytical tools that can be used by researchers worldwide. The researchers are developing a framework for computational analysis to enable comparisons across long distances or time-scales and statistical analyses. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The Society for Pediatric Research announces new members
(Pediatric Academic Societies) The Society for Pediatric Research (SPR) is pleased to announce 130 new members. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Are bigger brains better?
(Michigan State University) When it comes to certain parts of the brain, bigger doesn't necessarily equate to better memory. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Improved brain chip for precision medicine
(University of Houston) The Akay Lab biomedical research team at the University of Houston is reporting an improvement on a microfluidic brain cancer chip previously developed in their lab. The new chip allows quick assessment of the effectiveness of cancer drugs on brain tumors. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Older undiagnosed sleep apnea patients need more medical care
(American Academy of Sleep Medicine) Older adults with undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea seek more health care, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. The study examined the impact of untreated sleep apnea on health care utilization and costs among Medicare beneficiaries. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Wolters Kluwer to publish Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery
(Wolters Kluwer Health) Wolters Kluwer, Health announced today that it will begin publishing the Journal of Cataract& Refractive Surgery (JCRS) under its Lippincott portfolio as part of a new partnership with the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) and the European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons (ESCRS). The January 2020 issue of JCRS will be the first to be published by Wolters Kluwer, which will also take over publication of a freely available companion journal, JCRS Online Case Reports. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news