Andrographolide ameliorates oxidative stress, inflammation and histological outcome in complete Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritis

ConclusionsAndrographolide acts as a protective agent for the treatment of complete freund's adjuvant induced rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting lipid peroxidation and nitrite/nitrate levels in a dose-dependent manner, enhancing antioxidant enzyme activity, reducing levels of chemokines and inflammatory factors, preventing neutrophil accumulation and infiltration.Graphical abstract
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms occur frequently. The burden of complaints and diagnoses is comparable to previous population-based surveys. PMID: 32189044 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that EZP in combination with MTX played a synergistic role in regulating OBs in RA, which was connected to the modulatory effect of EZP and MTX on the Wnt1/LRP5/β-catenin signaling pathway.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
n J Abstract BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis-related fractures are common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Bone mineral density (BMD) measurements using dual-energy x‑ray absorptiometry (DXA) alone has only a limited value for predicting the risk of fractures. The trabecular bone score (TBS) is a surrogate parameter for trabecular microarchitecture of bone and a predictor of fracture risk independent of BMD. AIM: To examine the prevalence of BMD, TBS and osteoporosis-related vertebral fractures (VF) in patients with RA in comparison to controls with non-inflammatory musculoskeletal diseases. ...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Z Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Andrographolide acts as a protective agent for the treatment of complete freund's adjuvant induced rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting lipid peroxidation and nitrite/nitrate levels in a dose-dependent manner, enhancing antioxidant enzyme activity, reducing levels of chemokines and inflammatory factors, preventing neutrophil accumulation and infiltration. PMID: 32061742 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Chem Biol Interact Source Type: research
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
AbstractWe aimed to determine whether tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) have beneficial effects on bone mineral density (BMD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with osteoporosis receiving bisphosphonate. A total of 199 RA patients, who were newly diagnosed with osteoporosis and receiving bisphosphonate between January 2005 and March 2017, were reviewed. Changes in BMD after 1  year were compared between patients treated with and without TNFi. The inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) method using the propensity score was performed to minimize confounding factors, and logistic regression analysis ...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Authors: Si J, Wang C, Zhang D, Wang B, Zhou Y Abstract Osteopontin (OPN), a secreted phosphoprotein, is a member of the small integrin-binding ligand N-linked glycoprotein (SIBLING) family of cell matrix proteins and participates in many biological activities. Studies have shown that OPN plays a role in bone metabolism and homeostasis. OPN not only is an important factor in neuron-mediated and endocrine-regulated bone mass, but also is involved in biological activities such as proliferation, migration, and adhesion of several bone-related cells, including bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, hematopoietic stem cell...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Immunology, already a discipline in its own right, has become a major part of many different medical fields. However, its relationship to orthopedics and trauma surgery has unfortunately, and perhaps unjustly, been developing rather slowly. Discoveries in recent years have emphasized the immense breadth of communication and connection between both systems and, importantly, the highly promising therapeutic opportunities. Recent discoveries of factors originally assigned to the immune system have now also been shown to have a significant impact on bone health and disease, which has greatly changed how we approach treatment o...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
-Arendarczyk The aim of this study was to determine the concentrations of iron, nickel, molybdenum, and vanadium in the knee joint. We also examined the relationships between the concentrations of these metals in the knee joint and the influence of varied factors on the concentration of Fe, Ni, Mo, and V. The study of these trace elements is important, because these elements are used alone and in combination in diet supplements, and they are components of biomaterials implanted in medicine. The study materials, consisting of the spongy bone, cartilage, meniscus, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and infrapatellar fat p...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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