Associations Between Sleep Duration and Prevalence of Cardiovascular Events

Abstract BackgroundData regarding the associations between sleep duration and clinical cardiovascular (CV) events are limited. We aimed to analyze any associations between self‐reported sleep duration and CV events. Hypothesis MethodsThis is a cross‐sectional analysis of nationally representative population of noninstitutionalized US civilians recruited in the 2007 to 2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. This is a questionnaire‐based study including only those subjects who answered questions on sleep duration and CV events. The main outcome measures were prevalence of congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary artery disease, and angina. ResultsAfter logistic regression analysis, significant associations between sleep duration and prevalence of stroke, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, and angina were found. There was a statistically significant increase in stroke in those with
Source: Clinical Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research

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Authors: Ni W, Qi J, Liu L, Li S Abstract Pulse signals are widely used to evaluate the status of the human cardiovascular, respiratory, and circulatory systems. In the process of being collected, the signals are usually interfered by some factors, such as the spike noise and the poor-sensor-contact noise, which have severely affected the accuracy of the subsequent detection models. In recent years, some methods have been applied to processing the above noisy signals, such as dynamic time warping, empirical mode decomposition, autocorrelation, and cross-correlation. Effective as they are, those methods are complex ...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsSeizure detection devices provide moderate or greater anxiety reduction among the majority of people with epilepsy and their caregivers, but current translatability into improvements in overall HR-QOL may be limited. Affordability and technological support are potential barriers to maximizing benefit equally among the epilepsy community. These considerations may be useful to help guide future device development and inform patient–clinician discussions on device usage and HR-QOL.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 105Author(s): Kristine Lossius, Anne de Saint Martin, Sverre Myren-Svelstad, Marit Bjørnvold, Guro Minken, Caroline Seegmuller, Maria Paola Valenti Hirsch, Jamel Chelly, Ortrud Steinlein, Fabienne Picard, Eylert BrodtkorbAbstractObjectiveAutosomal dominant sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (ADSHE) is characterized by hypermotor seizures and may be caused by gain-of-function mutations affecting the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR). Benefit from nicotine consumption has been reported in adult patients with this disorder. For the first time, the...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is a common disorder. Data on whether OSA that occurs predominantly during REM sleep is associated with health outcomes are limited. The present study examined the association between OSA during REM sleep and a composite cardiovascular endpoint in a community sample with and without prevalent cardiovascular disease. METHODOLOGY: Full montage home polysomnography was conducted as part of the Sleep Heart Health Study. The study cohort was followed for an average of 9.5 years during which cardiovascular events were assessed....
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis demonstrates that after cardiac surgery, MACCEs and newly documented POAF were 33.3% and 18.1% higher odds in OSA versus non-OSA patients, respectively.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. PMID: 29049073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS    Our results provide evidence for the clinical significance of eplerenone, not only as an antihypertensive medication but also as a drug that may reduce the severity of OSA and arterial stiffness in patients with RAH and OSA. PMID: 27230560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Pol Arch Med Wewn Source Type: research
Your dentist might be able to tell if you're having trouble sleeping.  Yes. A new study published in the Saudi Medical Journal found that the size of a person's tonsils may indicate their risk for obstructive sleep apnea, a condition in which blocked upper airways cause breathing to stop and restart repeatedly during sleep. Tongue indentations, or teeth imprints on the tongue that suggest it's too big for the mouth, may also be a sign.  More than 18 million adults in the United States are affected by OSA. Since people with the condition are often suffering from interrupted and reduced sleep, it can lead to ...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 7. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rate...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Featured Source Type: blogs
Abstract Apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) is defined as blood pressure (BP)>140/90 mmHg despite three different antihypertensive drugs including a diuretic. aTRH is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, including stroke, chronic renal failure, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, aortic aneurysm, atrial fibrillation, and sudden death. Preliminary studies of renal nerve ablation as a therapy to control aTRH were encouraging. However, these results were not confirmed by the Symplicity 3 trial. Therefore, attention has refocused on drug therapy. Secondary form...
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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