Changes in Clinical Markers During A Short-Term Transfer Program of Adult Cystic Fibrosis Patients from Pediatric to Adult Care.

This study investigated the impact of a short-term transfer program on clinical markers in an adult CF cohort still being managed by pediatricians. Methods: Clinically relevant data from the year before (T-1), the time of Transfer (T) and the year after the transfer (T+1) were analysed retrospectively. Results: 39 patients (median age 29.0 years; 64% male) were transferred between February and December 2016. Lung function had declined significantly in the year before transfer (in % predicted: Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV), 62.8 vs. 57.7, p
Source: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Open Respir Med J Source Type: research

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Publication date: 20 February 2020Source: Cell, Volume 180, Issue 4Author(s): Jonathan M. Stokes, Kevin Yang, Kyle Swanson, Wengong Jin, Andres Cubillos-Ruiz, Nina M. Donghia, Craig R. MacNair, Shawn French, Lindsey A. Carfrae, Zohar Bloom-Ackerman, Victoria M. Tran, Anush Chiappino-Pepe, Ahmed H. Badran, Ian W. Andrews, Emma J. Chory, George M. Church, Eric D. Brown, Tommi S. Jaakkola, Regina Barzilay, James J. CollinsSummaryDue to the rapid emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, there is a growing need to discover new antibiotics. To address this challenge, we trained a deep neural network capable of predicting mole...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Authors: Akter S, Huq MA Abstract The present study highlights the biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Sphingobium sp. MAH-11 and also their antibacterial mechanisms against drug-resistant pathogenic microorganisms. The nanoparticle synthesis method used in this study was reliable, facile, rapid, cost-effective and ecofriendly. The AgNPs exhibited the highest absorbance at 423 nm. The TEM image expressed spherical shape of AgNPs and the size of synthesized AgNPs was 7-22 nm. The selected area diffraction (SAED) pattern and XRD spectrum revealed the crystalline structure of AgNPs...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
This study leads to a possibility for the development of therapeutics in aquaculture biotechnology.
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, we found that EPI effectively suppressed LTA-induced production of proinflammatory factors in macrophages. Mechanistically, EPI attenuated LTA-induced inflammation by inhibiting Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 internalization and subsequent downstream signaling (reactive oxygen species, Akt, p38 and Nuclear factor κB). However, protein abundance of TLR2 was not altered by EPI or LTA. Taken together, our findings reveal for the first time that EPI possesses inhibitory activity toward LTA-induced inflammation in macrophages.
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Shivayogi S. Narasagoudr, Veena G. Hegde, Vinayak N. Vanjeri, Ravindra B. Chougale, Saraswati P. MastiAbstractEthyl vanillin (EV) incorporated chitosan (CS)/poly(vinyl alcohol)(PVA) blend films of various ratios (1:3, 1:1 and 3:1) were prepared by solvent casting technique. The effect of EV on the mechanical, structural, barrier, optical, food compatibility and antibacterial properties of the CS/PVA films were investigated. Mechanical properties showed that addition of EV increased tensile strength of CPEV-1, CPEV-2 and CPEV-3 films ...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Authors: Annoni S, Bellofiore A, Repossini E, Lazzeri M, Nicolini A, Tarsia P Abstract Respiratory physiotherapy and rehabilitation are important therapeutic options in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). The aims of this review of clinical trials were to evaluate the safety and the effects on physiologic and clinical outcomes of airway clearance techniques (ACTs) and rehabilitation in NCFB patients, in comparison to usual care. The search was performed on March 2018 by using PubMed and PeDro databases. 33 studies were selected. The use of ACTs for NCFB were effective in increasing sputum volume although no ...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Condition:   Cystic Fibrosis Interventions:   Drug: CB-280;   Drug: Placebos Sponsor:   Calithera Biosciences, Inc Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: The pattern of airway colonisation in the Indian setting is different from the Caucasian population, and P. aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia complex appear early. Colonisation with P. aeruginosa benefits from therapy. In case of infection, care must be taken while initiating empiric therapy. It should be based on local antibiograms to prevent the emergence of resistant microbes.
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThere was a high correlation between pretransplant sinus cultures and posttransplant BAL cultures for PsA, MRSA, and Burkholderia sp. This suggests that the paranasal sinuses may act as a reservoir for allograft colonization in patients with cystic fibrosis. Further studies are needed to determine whether treatment of sinusitis affects allograft colonization and transplant outcomes.
Source: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion The prevalence of MRSA has been rising. Since its impact on clinical outcomes, optimal prevention and treatment strategies are unclear, further studies to expand the knowledge about the infection control strategies and MRSA treatment are highly recommended.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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