Cytoprotective effect of Fufang Lurong Jiangu capsule against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in bone marrow stromal cell-derived osteoblasts through the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.

CONCLUSION: These results indicate that FLJC may significantly attenuate oxidative damage of osteoblasts induced by H2O2 via the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, providing new insights to guide development of treatments for osteoporosis induced by oxidative injury. PMID: 31810119 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research

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Bone density loss is a well-recognized and common complication in allogeneic HCT recipients. Guidelines recommend screening with dual photon densitometry at 1 year post-HCT, and counseling of patients on preventative strategies along with consideration of treatment for patients at high risk for bone loss. However, osteoporosis and fragility fractures remains a major cause of morbidity, and significantly impacts the quality of life of allogeneic HCT survivors. Given the high morbidity of bone density loss in our patients, we sought to create specific guidelines, taking a more proactive approach to bone health within our program.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 100 Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe reviewed recent progress on the role of sclerostin (SOST) and its effects on the immune system in order to summarize the current state of knowledge in osteoimmunology, in regard to hematopoiesis, lymphopoiesis, and inflammation.Recent FindingsChanges in sclerostin levels affect distinct niches within the bone marrow that support hematopoietic stem cells and B cell development. Sclerostin ’s regulation of adipogenesis could also be important for immune cell maintenance with age. Surprisingly, B cell development in the bone marrow is influenced bySost produced by mesenchymal stem cells and o...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Feng C, Xiao L, Yu JC, Li DY, Tang TY, Liao W, Wang ZR, Lu AQ Abstract OBJECTIVE: By establishing osteoporosis (OP) model in rats, the specific regulatory effect of simvastatin on promoting the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into osteoblasts through the bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)/Smads signaling pathway was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 45 Sprague-Dawley rats were selected to establish the OP model by performing ovariectomy. The rats were divided into OP model group (OP group, n=15), 10-7 mmol/L simvastatin treatment group (SIM group, n=15), and normal cont...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-1286 can regulate FZD4 expression and inhibit osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs, thereby promoting the development of osteoporosis. PMID: 31957812 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Ouhtit A, Thouta R, Zayed H, Gaur RL, Fernando A, Rahman M, Welsh DA Abstract Beyond their role in bone and lung homeostasis, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are becoming popular in cell therapy. Various insults may disrupt the repair mechanisms involving MSCs. One such insult is smoking, which is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and respiratory diseases. Upon cigarette smoke-induced damage, a series of reparatory mechanisms ensue; one such mechanism involves Glycosaminoglycans (GAG). One of these GAGs, namely hyaluronic acid (HA), serves as a potential therapeutic target in lung injury. However, much of...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Osteoporosis is a metabolic skeletal disorder in which bone mass is depleted and bone structure is destroyed to the degree that bone becomes fragile and prone to fractures. Emerging evidence suggests that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification, a novel epitranscriptomic marker, has a significant role in bone development and metabolism. M6A modification not only participates in bone development, but also plays important roles as writers and erasers in the osteoporosis. M6A methyltransferase METTL3 and demethyltransferase FTO involves in the delicate process between adipogenesis differentiation and osteogenic differentiation,...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Segmental progeroid syndromes are commonly represented by genetic conditions which recapitulate aspects of physiological aging by similar, disparate, or unknown mechanisms. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare genetic disease caused by mutations in the gene for ACVR1/ALK2 encoding Activin A receptor type I/Activin-like kinase 2, a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type I receptor, and results in the formation of extra-skeletal ossification and a constellation of others features, many of which resemble accelerated aging. The median estimated lifespan of individuals with FOP is approximately 56 years of age. ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 109Author(s): Luminita Labusca, Dumitru-Daniel Herea, Camelia-Mihaela Danceanu, Anca Emanuela Minuti, Cristina Stavila, Marian Grigoras, Daniel Gherca, George Stoian, Gabriel Ababei, Horia Chiriac, Nicoleta LupuAbstractMagnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are versatile tools for various applications in biotechnology and nanomedicine. MNPs-mediated cell tracking, targeting and imaging are increasingly studied for regenerative medicine applications in cell therapy and tissue engineering. Mechanical stimulation influences mesenchymal stem cell different...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Of Interest Source Type: blogs
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