Comparison of urokinase and reteplase thrombolytic treatment in patients with high-risk pulmonary embolism.

Comparison of urokinase and reteplase thrombolytic treatment in patients with high-risk pulmonary embolism. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Dec;18(6):4804-4810 Authors: Zhang Y, Ma L, Fu Q, Zhao T, Yan RY, Su X Abstract Thrombolytic treatment is recommended for patients with high-risk pulmonary embolism. The present study compared thrombolytic therapy with urokinase and reteplase. A total of 37 patients presenting with acute high-risk pulmonary embolism at the Intensive Care Unit of Weinan Central Hospital of Shaanxi Province (Weinan, China) between June 2013 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to their treatment, these subjects were assigned to the reteplase group (n=16) or the urokinase group (n=21). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) were recorded prior to, and at 2, 4, 24 and 48 h after thrombolytic therapy. Complications, including bleeding, were closely monitored. Changes in blood gas analysis, troponin-T (TNT), pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) and D-dimer (D-D) were observed. In the reteplase and urokinase group, 11 and 13 cases exhibited marked improvement, treatment was rated as effective in 4 and 6 cases, and 1 and 2 mortalities occurred, resulting in an overall effective rate of 93.8 and 90.5%, respectively (P>0.05). In the reteplase group, one patient was unsuccessfully resuscitated and died. In the urokinase group, one patient died of gastric hemorrhage after 22 h of thrombolysis, whil...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

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Abstract Vascular occlusion is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity. Blood vessel blockage can lead to thrombotic complications such as myocardial infarction, stroke, deep venous thrombosis, peripheral occlusive disease, and pulmonary embolism. Thrombolytic therapy currently aims to rectify this through the administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Research is underway to design an ideal thrombolytic drug with the lowest risk. Despite the potent clot lysis achievable using approved thrombolytic drugs such as alteplase, reteplase, streptokinase, tenecteplase, and some other fibrinoly...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
ConclusionsDouble bolus reteplase given with heparin is effective in the treatment of high, intermediate risk pulmonary embolism with minimal risk of bleeding.
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study analyzes the differences in the number of VTE events and the associated complications of thromboprophylaxis between two level I trauma populations utilizing varying treatment protocols.MethodsInternational multicenter trauma registry-based study was performed at the University Medical Center Utrecht (UMCU) in The Netherlands (early commencement chemical prophylaxis), and Harborview Medical Center (HMC) in the United States (restrictive early chemical prophylaxis). All severely injured patients (ISS  ≥ 16), aged ≥ 18 years, and admitted in 2013 were included. Primary outcome...
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF), a vessel malformation connecting the pulmonary circulation to the systemic circulation while bypassing the pulmonary capillaries, can cause paradoxical cerebral infarction. It is often associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), a genetic disease characterized by multiple dermal, mucosal, and visceral telangiectasia causing recurrent bleeding. Paradoxical cerebral embolism caused by PAVF without HHT is rare. Here, we report a patient with isolated PAVF who experienced an ischemic stroke caused by a paradoxical embolism from deep venous thrombosis; the patient was suc...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: VTE incidence in our study was significantly higher than reported in general population at similar age. However, the inclusion of more symptomatic and serious HHT patients could be selection bias. The low number of patients, may influence the results. IDA and hospitalization were the most important associated conditions. Most patients tolerated well the anticoagulation therapy.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 301. Vascular Wall Biology, Endothelial Progenitor Cells, and Platelet Adhesion, Activation, and Biochemistry Source Type: research
This study utilizes a national electronic health record (EHR) database to understand clinical outcomes with use of second-line treatments including: thrombopoietin receptor agonists (specifically, eltrombopag and romiplostim), rituximab, and splenectomy.METHODS: Utilizing the Optum EHR database, we identified patients who initiated a second-line treatment from Jan. 1, 2009 to Sep. 30, 2016 for primary or unspecified ITP. Additionally, patients included in the analysis had the following characteristics: 18 years or older; previous treatment with corticosteroids or immune globulin products; and active in the database for at ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 311. Disorders of Platelet Number or Function: Poster II Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this pilot study of 50 patients, low-dose apixaban was safe and well tolerated as thromboprophylaxis for patients with MM receiving IMiDs. No patients experienced VTE, major hemorrhage, stroke, or MI. Further randomized studies are needed to validate apixaban as a standard primary prevention anti-thrombotic strategy for patients with MM receiving IMiDs.DisclosuresMoslehi: Bristol-Myers Squibb: Consultancy, Research Funding. Jagasia: Incyte Corporation: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy: Poster I Source Type: research
Conclusion:The findings from our study indicate that SCD patients have a high cumulative incidence of bleeding. While the increased incidence of intracranial, urological, and retinal bleeding has been previously described and are confirmed here, we present the novel finding that SCD patients also have a high incidence of GI bleeding, the majority of which are from an upper GI source. The association of hemorrhagic stroke with a history of ischemic stroke is also confirmed. The association of bleeding with VTE is likely due, at least in part, to anticoagulation. Further studies on the causes and risk factors for GI bleeding...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Clinical: Organ Damage and Clinical Complications in Sickle Cell Disease Source Type: research
ConclusionsOver the last two decades Polish urban stroke units may have achieved a significant reduction of the occurrence of some noninfectious complications (i.e. MI, exacerbated CHF and DVT). However, the list of conditions associated with stroke unit mortality includes not only MI and exacerbated CHF but also PE, gastrointestinal bleeding and recurrent stroke.
Source: Polish Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
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