Tuberculosis in prison and aspects associated with the diagnosis site

Conclusions: The results show that intricate TB cases were notified by the local health services. Strategies of surveillance and articulation with these health services seem to contribute to the identification of TB cases among PDL.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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This study aimed to assess in vitro acaricidal activity of essential oil (EO) and alcoholic extracts (AE) of Ajowan against D. gallinae. Using contact and spraying bioassays, different doses of EO and AE were tested. Cypermethrin and thymol (positive controls), and ethanol and distilled water (negative controls) were also tested. The results indicated that effects were method and dose dependent. Statistical analysis showed a highly significant difference for contact and spraying bioassays and various doses of EO and AE (p
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 January 2020Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): L.J. Verteramo Chiu, L.W. Tauer, Y.T. Gröhn, R.L. SmithAbstractThis paper explains how the methodologies of first and second order stochastic dominance, and expected utility using specific risk preferences, can be applied to epidemiology when choosing among control strategies that have stochastic outcomes. We provide a step-by-step guide on how epidemiologists can rank a number of control strategies based on their distribution of estimated benefits. We also explain how the expected utility model and decision maker’...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Dalton Trans., 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9DT04485J, PaperShuang Wang, Shuying Li, Rui Shi, Xinyu Zou, Zhijian Zhang, Guoyuan Fu, Lei Li, Fang Luo ABSTRACT: A nanoscale hybrid material (V2O5-Al13) for highly efficient alcohol oxidation is synthesized through electrostatic self-assembly between oppositely charged Keggin Al13 polyoxocations and exfoliated V2O5 nanosheets. The analysis by X-ray... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Dalton Trans. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Reproductive health of vulnerable adolescent girls is a top priority in global programs. Alcohol consumption, drug abuse, high risk sexual behaviors, sexually transmitted diseases, sexual assault, escape from home, unrestrained sex in the famil...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have found associations between alcohol outlet density and violence, but it is unknown whether alcohol advertisements visible outside outlets are also associated with violent crime. Baltimore City, MD enacted restrictions on ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that more than 4 million Venezuelans have left their country as a direct result of their nation's widespread social and economic challenges. Although recent research identifies Venezuela as one of the nations with the highest ra...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use is prevalent among young adult drinkers and associated with increased risk for harms. Less understood about SAM use is whether increased risk is incurred on SAM use occasions relative to occasions in which indiv...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: Automatic dishwashing rinse aids are drying aids which contain non-ionic surfactants, usually ethoxylated alcohols, typically at concentrations of ≤30%. OBJECTIVE: To assess the reported toxicity of rinse aids. METHODS: Tele...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
Vaping's popularity has grown exponentially since its introduction to the US market in 2003. Its use has sky-rocketed since the unveiling of the vaping pods in 2017 which may account for the advent of the vaping related illnesses we are now seeing. Substan...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Publication date: January 2020Source: Pathology - Research and Practice, Volume 216, Issue 1Author(s): Hui Wang, Rani KanthanAbstractAmoebiasis, caused by the intestinal protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, though a relatively common parasitic disease in the tropical and subtropical regions, is uncommon in the developed countries. In these countries, as amoebic colitis shares similar clinical symptoms and endoscopic features with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), these cases can be easily unrecognized and misdiagnosed.In this case report, we discuss the case of an adult patient with invasive intestinal amoebiasis, who was init...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
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